221 relations: Actions of St Eloi Craters, Adolf Hitler, Alberta, Antwerp, Argentan, Armistice of 11 November 1918, Armoured warfare, Battalion, Battle drill, Battle for Caen, Battle of Amiens (1918), Battle of Arras (1917), Battle of Britain, Battle of Cambrai (1917), Battle of Flers–Courcelette, Battle of Groningen, Battle of Hill 70, Battle of Hong Kong, Battle of Le Transloy, Battle of Mont Sorrel, Battle of Passchendaele, Battle of the Ancre Heights, Battle of the Bulge, Battle of the Scarpe (1918), Battle of the Scheldt, Battle of the Somme, Battle of Thiepval Ridge, Battle of Verrières Ridge, Battle of Vimy Ridge, Beachhead, Belgium, Bernard Montgomery, Bremen, Bren light machine gun, Brigade, British Army, Bruce Matthews (Canadian Army officer), Caen, Calgary, Canada, Canadian Armed Forces, Canadian Army, Canadian Corps, Canadian Expeditionary Force, Canadian Military Engineers, Canadian Provost Corps, CFB Borden, CFB Montreal, CFB Shilo, CFB Valcartier, ..., Chambois, Orne, Channel Ports, Charles Foulkes (Canadian Army officer), Chicoutimi, Commonwealth of Nations, Corps of Royal Canadian Electrical and Mechanical Engineers, Dieppe Raid, Division (military), E. L. M. Burns, Estevan, Falaise Pocket, Falaise, Calvados, First Canadian Army, Fontenay-le-Marmion, Formation patch, Frederick Albert Tilston, Garrison Petawawa, Günther von Kluge, Groningen, Guy Simonds, Hamilton, Ontario, Harry Crerar, Hawker Typhoon, Howitzer, Hull, Quebec, II Canadian Corps, Infantry, Invasion of Normandy, John Hamilton Roberts, John Keegan, Juno Beach, Kangaroo (armoured personnel carrier), Kurt Student, Lévis, Quebec, Le Régiment de Hull (RCAC), Le Régiment de Maisonneuve, Le Régiment du Saguenay, Les Fusiliers de Sherbrooke, Les Fusiliers du St-Laurent, Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal, Les Voltigeurs de Québec, Liberation of Arnhem, Light infantry, Machine gun, Major general, Manitoba, Mechanized infantry, Military history of Canada, Military history of Canada during World War II, Montreal, Mortain, Nijmegen, Normandy landings, Oldenburg, Ontario, Operation Atlantic, Operation Blockbuster, Operation Bluecoat, Operation Charnwood, Operation Cobra, Operation Goodwood, Operation Lüttich, Operation Overlord, Operation Sea Lion, Operation Spring, Operation Totalize, Operation Tractable, Operation Veritable, Ordnance QF 25-pounder, Ottawa, Pas-de-Calais, Ploegsteert, Quebec, Quebec City, Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders, Régiment de la Chaudière, Reconnaissance, Rhine, Richard Ernest William Turner, Rifle, Rimouski, Royal 22nd Regiment, Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps, Royal Canadian Army Service Corps, Royal Canadian Corps of Signals, Royal Canadian Ordnance Corps, Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery, Royal Winnipeg Rifles, Saint-Hyacinthe, Quebec, Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu, Sam Steele, Second Army (United Kingdom), Second Battle of Passchendaele, Service battalion, Shawinigan, Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke Hussars, Siegfried Line, Sint-Elooi, Smoke screen, The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada, The Calgary Highlanders, The Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa (Duke of Edinburgh's Own), The Canadian Grenadier Guards, The Essex Scottish Regiment, The King's Own Calgary Regiment (RCAC), The Lorne Scots (Peel, Dufferin and Halton Regiment), The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders of Canada, The Royal Canadian Hussars (Montreal), The Royal Hamilton Light Infantry (Wentworth Regiment), The Royal Montreal Regiment, The Royal Regiment of Canada, The South Saskatchewan Regiment, The Toronto Scottish Regiment (Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother's Own), The Winnipeg Grenadiers, Tilly-la-Campagne, Toronto, Trois-Rivières, United States Army Central, Victor Odlum, Victoria Cross, Victoria Rifles of Canada, Victory in Europe Day, Wesel, Western Front (World War I), Windsor, Ontario, Winnipeg, Winston Churchill, World War I, World War II, Wyler, North Rhine-Westphalia, Xanten, XXX Corps (United Kingdom), Ypres, 12e Régiment blindé du Canada, 12th SS Panzer Division Hitlerjugend, 15th Army (Wehrmacht), 18th Battalion (Western Ontario), CEF, 19th Battalion (Central Ontario), CEF, 1st Canadian Division, 1st Parachute Army (Wehrmacht), 20th Battalion (Central Ontario), CEF, 21st Army Group, 21st Battalion (Eastern Ontario), CEF, 22nd Battalion (French Canadian), CEF, 25th Battalion (Nova Scotia Rifles), CEF, 26th Battalion (New Brunswick), CEF, 272nd Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 28th Battalion (Northwest), CEF, 29th Battalion, (Vancouver), CEF, 2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade, 2nd Field Artillery Regiment (Canada), 31st Battalion (Alberta), CEF, 34 Canadian Brigade Group, 34 Combat Engineer Regiment, 35 Canadian Brigade Group, 35 Combat Engineer Regiment, 3rd Canadian Division, 3rd Division (United Kingdom), 430 Tactical Helicopter Squadron, 43rd (Wessex) Infantry Division, 4th Canadian Division, 4th Canadian Infantry Brigade, 5 Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group, 5 Combat Engineer Regiment, 5 Service Battalion, 52nd (Lowland) Infantry Division, 5th Canadian Infantry Brigade, 6th Canadian Infantry Brigade, 7th Army (Wehrmacht), 8th Reconnaissance Regiment (14th Canadian Hussars). 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The Actions of St Eloi Craters were local operations carried out in the Ypres Salient of Flanders, during the First World War by the German 4th Army and the British Second Army from 27 March – 16 April 1916.
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
Alberta is a western province of Canada.
Antwerp (Antwerpen, Anvers) is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders.
Argentan is a commune and the seat of two cantons and of an arrondissement in the Orne department in northwestern France.
The Armistice of 11 November 1918 was the armistice that ended fighting on land, sea and air in World War I between the Allies and their last opponent, Germany.
Armoured warfare, mechanised warfare or tank warfare is the use of armoured fighting vehicles in modern warfare.
A battalion is a military unit.
An Infantry battle drill describes how platoons and squads apply fire and maneuver to commonly encountered situations.
The Battle for Caen (June to August 1944) is the name for the fighting between the British Second Army and German Panzergruppe West in the Second World War for control of the city of Caen and vicinity, during the Battle of Normandy.
The Battle of Amiens, also known as the Third Battle of Picardy (3ème Bataille de Picardie), was the opening phase of the Allied offensive which began on 8 August 1918, later known as the Hundred Days Offensive, that ultimately led to the end of the First World War.
The Battle of Arras (also known as the Second Battle of Arras) was a British offensive on the Western Front during World War I. From 9 April to 16 May 1917, British troops attacked German defences near the French city of Arras on the Western Front.
The Battle of Britain (Luftschlacht um England, literally "The Air Battle for England") was a military campaign of the Second World War, in which the Royal Air Force (RAF) defended the United Kingdom (UK) against large-scale attacks by Nazi Germany's air force, the Luftwaffe.
The Battle of Cambrai (Battle of Cambrai, 1917, First Battle of Cambrai and Schlacht von Cambrai) was a British attack followed by the biggest German counter-attack against the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) since 1914, in the First World War.
The Battle of Flers–Courcelette was fought during the Battle of the Somme in France, by the French Sixth Army and the British Fourth Army and Reserve Army, against the German 1st Army, during the First World War.
The Battle of Groningen took place during the final month of Second World War, from April 13 to 16, 1945, in the city of Groningen between a mixture of German soldiers, Dutch and Belgian SS troops numbering 7,000 against the entire 2nd Canadian Infantry Division, though the whole division was never in combat at any given time.
The Battle of Hill 70 was a battle of World War I between the Canadian Corps and five divisions of the German 6th Army.
The Battle of Hong Kong (8–25 December 1941), also known as the Defence of Hong Kong and the Fall of Hong Kong, was one of the first battles of the Pacific War in World War II.
The Battle of Le Transloy was the last offensive of the Fourth Army of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) in the 1916 Battle of the Somme in France, during the First World War.
The Battle of Mont Sorrel (Battle of Mount Sorrel, Battle of Hill 62) was a local operation in World War I by three divisions of the British Second Army and three divisions of the 4th Army in the Ypres Salient, near Ypres, Belgium, from 2 to 13 June 1916.
The Battle of Passchendaele (Flandernschlacht, Deuxième Bataille des Flandres), also known as the Third Battle of Ypres, was a campaign of the First World War, fought by the Allies against the German Empire.
The Battle of the Ancre Heights (1 October – 11 November 1916), is the name given to the continuation of British attacks after the Battle of Thiepval Ridge from during the Battle of the Somme.
The Battle of the Bulge (16 December 1944 – 25 January 1945) was the last major German offensive campaign on the Western Front during World War II.
The Battle of the Scarpe was a World War I battle that took place during the Hundred Days Offensive between 26 and 30 August 1918.
The Battle of the Scheldt in World War II was a series of military operations by Canadian, British and Polish formations to open up the shipping route to Antwerp so that its port could be used to supply the Allies in north-west Europe.
The Battle of the Somme (Bataille de la Somme, Schlacht an der Somme), also known as the Somme Offensive, was a battle of the First World War fought by the armies of the British Empire and France against the German Empire.
The Battle of Thiepval Ridge was the first large offensive mounted by the Reserve Army (Lieutenant General Hubert Gough), during the Battle of the Somme on the Western Front during the First World War.
The Battle of Verrières Ridge was a series of engagements fought as part of the Battle of Normandy, in northwestern France, during the Second World War.
The Battle of Vimy Ridge was part of the Battle of Arras, in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region of France, during the First World War.
A beachhead is a temporary line created when a military unit reaches a landing beach by sea and begins to defend the area while other reinforcements help out until a unit large enough to begin advancing has arrived.
Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.
Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, (17 November 1887 – 24 March 1976), nicknamed "Monty" and "The Spartan General", was a senior British Army officer who fought in both the First World War and the Second World War.
The City Municipality of Bremen (Stadtgemeinde Bremen) is a Hanseatic city in northwestern Germany, which belongs to the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen (also called just "Bremen" for short), a federal state of Germany.
The Bren gun, usually called simply the Bren, are a series of light machine guns (LMG) made by Britain in the 1930s and used in various roles until 1992.
A brigade is a major tactical military formation that is typically composed of three to six battalions plus supporting elements.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
Major General Albert Bruce Matthews, (August 12, 1909 – September 12, 1991) was a senior Canadian Army officer and businessman in the 1930s.
Caen (Norman: Kaem) is a commune in northwestern France.
Calgary is a city in the Canadian province of Alberta.
Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.
The Canadian Armed Forces (CAF; Forces armées canadiennes, FAC), or Canadian Forces (CF) (Forces canadiennes, FC), are the unified armed forces of Canada, as constituted by the National Defence Act, which states: "The Canadian Forces are the armed forces of Her Majesty raised by Canada and consist of one Service called the Canadian Armed Forces." This unified institution consists of sea, land, and air elements referred to as the Royal Canadian Navy (RCN), Canadian Army, and Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF).
The Canadian Army (French: Armée canadienne) is the command responsible for the operational readiness of the conventional ground forces of the Canadian Armed Forces.
The Canadian Corps was a World War I corps formed from the Canadian Expeditionary Force in September 1915 after the arrival of the 2nd Canadian Division in France.
The Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF) was the designation of the field force created by Canada for service overseas in the First World War.
The Canadian Military Engineers (CME) is the military engineer branch of the Canadian Armed Forces.
The Canadian Provost Corps (C Pro C) was the military police corps of the Canadian Army.
Canadian Forces Base Borden (also CFB Borden, French: Base des Forces canadiennes Borden or BFC Borden) is a Canadian Forces base located in Ontario.
Canadian Forces Base Montreal (also CFB Montreal or "Longue-Pointe" to members of 34 Brigade) is a Canadian Forces Base network located in Montreal, Quebec.
Canadian Forces Base Shilo (or CFB Shilo) is an Operations and Training base of the Canadian Forces, located east of Brandon, Manitoba.
Canadian Forces Base Valcartier (CFB Valcartier), now re-designated 2 Canadian Division Support Base Valcartier (2 CDSB Valcartier), is a Canadian Forces Base located in the municipality of Saint-Gabriel-de-Valcartier, approximately north of Quebec City.
Chambois is a former commune in the Orne département in north-western France.
The Channel Ports are seaports in southern England and the facing continent, which allow for short crossings of the English Channel.
General Charles Foulkes, (3 January 1903 – 12 September 1969) was a British-Canadian soldier, and an officer of The Royal Canadian Regiment.
Chicoutimi is the most populous borough (arrondissement) of the city of Saguenay in Quebec, Canada.
The Commonwealth of Nations, often known as simply the Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire.
The Corps of Royal Canadian Electrical and Mechanical Engineers (RCEME) (Corps du génie électrique et mécanique royal canadien) is a personnel branch of the Canadian Forces (CF) that provides army engineering maintenance support.
The Dieppe Raid was an Allied assault on the German-occupied port of Dieppe, France on 19 August 1942, during the Second World War.
A division is a large military unit or formation, usually consisting of between 10,000 and 20,000 soldiers.
Lieutenant-General Eedson Louis Millard "Tommy" Burns, (June 17, 1897 – September 13, 1985) was a senior officer of the Canadian Army and diplomat.
Estevan is the eighth-largest city in Saskatchewan, Canada.
The Falaise Pocket or Battle of the Falaise Pocket (12 – 21 August 1944) was the decisive engagement of the Battle of Normandy in the Second World War.
Falaise is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
The First Canadian Army (1reArmée canadienne) was a field army and the senior formation of the Canadian Army that served on the Western Front from July 1944 until May 1945 during the Second World War.
Fontenay-le-Marmion is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
Formation patches or Formation badges are types of military insignia developed during the 20th Century.
Frederick Albert Tilston VC (June 11, 1906 – September 23, 1992) was a Canadian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Garrison Petawawa is located in Petawawa, Ontario.
Günther von Kluge (30 October 1882 – 19 August 1944) was a German field marshal during World War II.
Groningen (Gronings: Grunnen) is the main municipality as well as the capital city of the eponymous province in the Netherlands.
Lieutenant-General Guy Granville Simonds (April 23, 1903 – May 15, 1974) was a senior Canadian Army officer who served with distinction during World War II, where he commanded the 1st Canadian Infantry Division and II Canadian Corps.
Hamilton is a port city in the Canadian province of Ontario.
General Henry Duncan Graham "Harry" Crerar (April 28, 1888 – April 1, 1965) was a senior officer of the Canadian Army, and became the country's "leading field commander" in the Second World War, where he commanded the First Canadian Army.
The Hawker Typhoon (Tiffy in RAF slang) is a British single-seat fighter-bomber, produced by Hawker Aircraft.
A howitzer is a type of artillery piece characterized by a relatively short barrel and the use of comparatively small propellant charges to propel projectiles over relatively high trajectories, with a steep angle of descent.
Hull is the central district and oldest part of the city of Gatineau, Quebec, Canada.
II Canadian Corps was a corps-level formation that, along with I (British) Corps (August 1, 1944 to April 1, 1945) and I Canadian Corps (April 6, 1943 to November 1943, and April 1, 1945 until the end of hostilities), comprised the First Canadian Army in Northwest Europe during World War II.
Infantry is the branch of an army that engages in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and tank forces.
The Western Allies of World War II launched the largest amphibious invasion in history when they assaulted Normandy, located on the northern coast of France, on 6 June 1944.
John Hamilton "Ham" Roberts CB, DSO, MC (December 21, 1891 – 1962) was a Canadian artillery officer and major general.
Sir John Desmond Patrick Keegan (15 May 1934 – 2 August 2012) was an English military historian, lecturer, writer and journalist.
Juno or Juno Beach was one of five beaches of the Allied invasion of German-occupied France in the Normandy landings on 6 June 1944 during the Second World War.
A Kangaroo was a Second World War Commonwealth or British armoured personnel carrier (APC), created by converting a tank chassis.
Kurt Student (12 May 1890 – 1 July 1978) was a German paratroop general in the Luftwaffe during World War II.
Lévis is a city in eastern Quebec, Canada, located on the south shore of the St. Lawrence River, opposite Quebec City.
Le Régiment de Hull (RCAC) is a Primary Reserve armoured reconnaissance regiment of the Canadian Forces.
Le Régiment de Maisonneuve is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Forces.
Le Régiment du Saguenay is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Forces based in Saguenay, Quebec.
Les Fusiliers de Sherbrooke is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Army.
Les Fusiliers du St-Laurent is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Armed Forces.
Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Army.
Les Voltigeurs de Québec is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Forces.
Operation Anger (sometimes known as Operation Quick Anger), was a military operation to seize the city of Arnhem in April 1945, during the closing stages of the Second World War.
Light infantry is a designation applied to certain types of foot soldiers (infantry) throughout history, typically having lighter equipment or armament or a more mobile or fluid function than other types of infantry, such as heavy infantry or line infantry.
A machine gun is a fully automatic mounted or portable firearm designed to fire bullets in rapid succession from an ammunition belt or magazine, typically at a rate of 300 rounds per minute or higher.
Major general (abbreviated MG, Maj. Gen. and similar) is a military rank used in many countries.
Manitoba is a province at the longitudinal centre of Canada.
Mechanized infantry are infantry equipped with armored personnel carriers (APCs) or infantry fighting vehicles (IFVs) for transport and combat (see also mechanized force).
The military history of Canada comprises hundreds of years of armed actions in the territory encompassing modern Canada, and interventions by the Canadian military in conflicts and peacekeeping worldwide.
The military history of Canada during the Second World War begins with the German invasion of Poland on 1 September 1939.
Montreal (officially Montréal) is the most populous municipality in the Canadian province of Quebec and the second-most populous municipality in Canada.
Mortain is a former commune in the Manche department in Normandy in north-western France.
Nijmegen (Nijmeegs: Nimwegen), historically anglicized as Nimeguen, is a municipality and a city in the Dutch province of Gelderland.
The Normandy landings were the landing operations on Tuesday, 6 June 1944 of the Allied invasion of Normandy in Operation Overlord during World War II.
Oldenburg is an independent city in the district of Oldenburg in the state of Lower Saxony, Germany.
Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada.
Operation Atlantic (18–21 July 1944) was a Canadian offensive during the Battle of Normandy in the Second World War.
Operation Blockbuster was the completion of the larger Operation Veritable by the First Canadian Army, reinforced by the XXX Corps from the British Second Army from late February to early March, 1945.
Operation Bluecoat was an offensive in the Battle of Normandy, from 30 July until 7 August 1944, during the Second World War.
Operation Charnwood was an Anglo-Canadian offensive that took place from 8 to 9 July 1944, during the Battle for Caen, part of the larger Operation Overlord (code-name for the Battle of Normandy), in the Second World War.
Operation Cobra was the codename for an offensive launched by the First United States Army (Lieutenant General Omar Bradley) seven weeks after the D-Day landings, during the Normandy Campaign of World War II.
Operation Goodwood was a British offensive in the Second World War, that took place between 18 and 20 July 1944 as part of the battle for Caen in Normandy, France.
Operation Lüttich was a codename given to a German counter-attack during the Battle of Normandy, which took place around the American positions near Mortain from 7 August to 13 August 1944.
Operation Overlord was the codename for the Battle of Normandy, the Allied operation that launched the successful invasion of German-occupied Western Europe during World War II.
Operation Sea Lion, also written as Operation Sealion (Unternehmen Seelöwe), was Nazi Germany's code name for the plan for an invasion of the United Kingdom during the Battle of Britain in the Second World War.
Operation Spring was an offensive operation conducted by II Canadian Corps during the Normandy campaign.
Operation Totalize (also spelled Operation Totalise in recent British sources) was an offensive launched by Allied troops in the First Canadian Army during the later stages of Operation Overlord, from 8 to 9 August 1944.
Operation Tractable was the final offensive conducted by Canadian and Polish troops, supported by one brigade of British tanks, as part of the Battle of Normandy during World War II.
Operation Veritable (also known as the Battle of the Reichswald) was the northern part of an Allied pincer movement that took place between 8 February and 11 March 1945 during the final stages of the Second World War.
The Ordnance QF 25-pounder, or more simply 25-pounder or 25-pdr, was the major British field gun and howitzer during the Second World War, possessing a 3.45-inch (87.6 mm) calibre.
Ottawa is the capital city of Canada.
Pas-de-Calais is a department in northern France named after the French designation of the Strait of Dover, which it borders ('pas' meaning passage).
Ploegsteert is a village in Belgium located in the municipality of Comines-Warneton in the Hainaut province and is the most westerly settlement of the Walloon region.
Quebec (Québec)According to the Canadian government, Québec (with the acute accent) is the official name in French and Quebec (without the accent) is the province's official name in English; the name is.
Quebec City (pronounced or; Québec); Ville de Québec), officially Québec, is the capital city of the Canadian province of Quebec. The city had a population estimate of 531,902 in July 2016, (an increase of 3.0% from 2011) and the metropolitan area had a population of 800,296 in July 2016, (an increase of 4.3% from 2011) making it the second largest city in Quebec, after Montreal, and the seventh-largest metropolitan area in Canada. It is situated north-east of Montreal. The narrowing of the Saint Lawrence River proximate to the city's promontory, Cap-Diamant (Cape Diamond), and Lévis, on the opposite bank, provided the name given to the city, Kébec, an Algonquin word meaning "where the river narrows". Founded in 1608 by Samuel de Champlain, Quebec City is one of the oldest cities in North America. The ramparts surrounding Old Quebec (Vieux-Québec) are the only fortified city walls remaining in the Americas north of Mexico, and were declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1985 as the 'Historic District of Old Québec'. The city's landmarks include the Château Frontenac, a hotel which dominates the skyline, and the Citadelle of Quebec, an intact fortress that forms the centrepiece of the ramparts surrounding the old city and includes a secondary royal residence. The National Assembly of Quebec (provincial legislature), the Musée national des beaux-arts du Québec (National Museum of Fine Arts of Quebec), and the Musée de la civilisation (Museum of Civilization) are found within or near Vieux-Québec.
The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders or 79th (The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders) Regiment of Foot was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, raised in 1793.
The Régiment de la Chaudière is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Army.
In military operations, reconnaissance or scouting is the exploration outside an area occupied by friendly forces to gain information about natural features and other activities in the area.
--> The Rhine (Rhenus, Rein, Rhein, le Rhin,, Italiano: Reno, Rijn) is a European river that begins in the Swiss canton of Graubünden in the southeastern Swiss Alps, forms part of the Swiss-Liechtenstein, Swiss-Austrian, Swiss-German and then the Franco-German border, then flows through the German Rhineland and the Netherlands and eventually empties into the North Sea.
Lieutenant General Sir Richard Ernest William Turner, (25 July 1871 – 19 June 1961) was a senior Canadian Army officer who served during the Second Boer War and the First World War, and was a recipient of the Victoria Cross.
A rifle is a portable long-barrelled firearm designed for precision shooting, to be held with both hands and braced against the shoulder for stability during firing, and with a barrel that has a helical pattern of grooves ("rifling") cut into the bore walls.
Rimouski (/ˌrɪmu'ski/) is a city in Quebec, Canada.
The Royal 22nd Regiment (R22R), or rather the Royal 22e Régiment in both English and French correct usage, and colloquially in English The Van Doos (representing an anglicized pronunciation of the French for twenty-two, vingt-deux), or, in French, le Vingt-deuxième, is an infantry regiment of the Canadian Army.
The Royal Canadian Army Medical Corps (RCAMC) was an administrative corps of the Canadian Army.
For successor see Logistics Branch The Royal Canadian Army Service Corps (RCASC) was an administrative and transport corps of the Canadian Army.
The Royal Canadian Corps of Signals (RCCS, RC Sigs; (Corps des transmissions royal du Canada - CTRC) is a component within the Canadian Armed Forces' Communications and Electronics Branch, consisting of all members of that personnel branch who wear army uniform. Prior to 1968 it was a combat support corps of the Canadian Army.The Regiments and Corps of The Canadian Army (Queen's Printer, 1964) Major Wallace Bruce Matthews Carruthers established a militia (Non-Permanent Active Militia) component of signallers under the designation "Signalling Corps" on 24 October 1903, making it the first independent signal corps in the British Empire. It was redesignated "The Canadian Signal Corps" on 4 June 1913. On 1 April 1919 as part of the restructuring based on experiences during the Great War, a regular (Permanent Active Militia) component was established as the "Canadian Signalling Instructional Staff". This was redesignated "The Canadian Permanent Signal Corps" on 15 December 1920. Shortly thereafter, on 15 June 1921, King George V, the Canadian monarch, bestowed on the permanent force portion of the organization the title "The Royal Canadian Corps of Signals". Meanwhile, on 1 August 1921, the militia component was re-titled "Canadian Corps of Signals"; redesignated "Royal Canadian Corps of Signals" on 29 April 1936 (as part of the larger military restructuring that year); and finally aligned in nomenclature with the regular component as "The Royal Canadian Corps of Signals" on 22 March 1948, after the conclusion of the Second World War. The badge of The Royal Canadian Corps of Signals consisted of a circle, with a Tudor Crown on top with the text Royal Canadian Corps of Signals around the edge. At the center of the circle is the Roman God Mercury. At the bottom is a ribbon with the text "Velox, Versutus, Vigilans" and eight maple leaves. The Royal Canadian Corps of Signals was responsible for land communication and signalling. When the Canadian Army, Royal Canadian Air Force and Royal Canadian Navy were unified in 1968 to form the Canadian Forces, the RCCS was amalgamated into the Canadian Forces' Communications and Electronics Branch. On 19 April 2013, Minister of National Defence, Peter MacKay, announced that the historical designation of "Royal Canadian Corps of Signals" would be restored for the army component within the Communications and Electronics Branch. Restoring the historical designations of Canadian Army organizations.
The Royal Canadian Ordnance Corps (RCOC) was an administrative corps of the Canadian Army.
The Royal Regiment of Canadian Artillery (Le Régiment royal de l'Artillerie canadienne) is the artillery personnel branch of the Canadian Army.
The Royal Winnipeg Rifles (R Wpg Rif) are a Primary Reserve one-battalion infantry regiment of the Canadian Army.
Saint-Hyacinthe (French) is a city in southwestern Quebec east of Montreal on the Yamaska River.
Saint-Jean-sur-Richelieu is a city in eastern Montérégie in the Canadian province of Quebec, about southeast of Montreal.
Major General Sir Samuel Benfield Steele (5 January 1849 – 30 January 1919) was a distinguished Canadian soldier and police official.
The British Second Army was a field army active during the First and Second World Wars.
The Second Battle of Passchendaele was the culminating attack during the Third Battle of Ypres of the First World War.
A service battalion (svc bn; or bon svc) is a unit of the Canadian Forces (CF) that provides combat service support to a brigade group and its elements.
Shawinigan is a city located on the Saint-Maurice River in the Mauricie area in Quebec, Canada.
Sherbrooke is a city in southern Quebec, Canada.
The Sherbrooke Hussars is a Primary Reserve armoured regiment of the Canadian Forces and perpetuates the Sherbrooke Fusilier Regiment of the Second World War.
The term Siegfried Line refers to two different German defensive lines, one during the First World War and the other during the Second World War.
Sint-Elooi is a small village, about south of Ypres in the Flemish province of West-Vlaanderen in Belgium.
A smoke screen is smoke released to mask the movement or location of military units such as infantry, tanks, aircraft or ships.
The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada is a reserve infantry regiment in 34 Brigade Group, 2nd Canadian Division of the Canadian Army.
The Calgary Highlanders is a Canadian Army Primary Reserve infantry regiment, headquartered at Mewata Armouries in Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
The Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa (Duke of Edinburgh's Own) is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Forces.
CGG Queen Elizabeth Cap Badge --> The Canadian Grenadier Guards (CGG) is a reserve infantry regiment in the 34 Canadian Brigade Group, 2nd Canadian Division of the Canadian Army.
The Essex Scottish was an infantry regiment of the Canadian Army until 1954.
The King's Own Calgary Regiment (RCAC), (The King's Own or The KOCR), is a Canadian Army armoured reconnaissance regiment of the Canadian Armed Forces Primary Reserve.
The Lorne Scots (Peel, Dufferin and Halton Regiment) is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Army.
The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders of Canada is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Army.
The Royal Canadian Hussars (Montreal) (abbreviated as RCH) is an armoured reconnaissance regiment of the Primary Reserve in the Canadian Forces.
The Royal Hamilton Light Infantry (Wentworth Regiment) (RHLI) is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Army, based at John W. Foote VC Armoury in Hamilton, Ontario.
The Royal Montreal Regiment is a Primary Reserve Infantry regiment of the Canadian Army based in Westmount, Montreal, Quebec.
The Royal Regiment of Canada is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Army based in Toronto, Ontario, part of 4th Canadian Division's 32 Canadian Brigade Group.
The South Saskatchewan Regiment was an infantry regiment of the Canadian Forces formed in 1936 by the amalgamation of The Weyburn Regiment and The Saskatchewan Border Regiment.
The Toronto Scottish Regiment (Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother's Own) is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Army.
The Winnipeg Grenadiers was an infantry regiment of the Canadian Army formed on 1 April 1908 under General Order No.
Tilly-la-Campagne is a commune in the Calvados department and Normandy region of north-western France.
Toronto is the capital city of the province of Ontario and the largest city in Canada by population, with 2,731,571 residents in 2016.
Trois-Rivières is a city in the Mauricie administrative region of Quebec, Canada, at the confluence of the Saint-Maurice and Saint Lawrence rivers, on the north shore of the Saint Lawrence River across from the city of Bécancour.
The United States Army Central, formerly the Third United States Army, commonly referred to as the Third Army and as ARCENT is a military formation of the United States Army, which saw service in World War I and World War II, in the 1991 Gulf War, and in the coalition occupation of Iraq.
Victor Wentworth Odlum, CB, CMG, DSO (21 October 1880 – 4 April 1971) was a Canadian journalist, soldier, and diplomat.
The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest award of the British honours system.
Not to be confused with Victoria Rifles (Nova Scotia) The Victoria Rifles of Canada was an infantry regiment of the Canadian Army that originated in Montreal, Quebec, on 22 January 1862, as The 3rd Battalion Volunteer Militia Rifles Canada.
Victory in Europe Day, generally known as V-E Day, VE Day or simply V Day, celebrated on May 8, 1945 to mark the formal acceptance by the Allies of World War II of Nazi Germany's unconditional surrender of its armed forces.
Wesel is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
The Western Front was the main theatre of war during the First World War.
Windsor is a city in Ontario and the southernmost city in Canada.
Winnipeg is the capital and largest city of the province of Manitoba in Canada.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British politician, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Wyler is a village along the Dutch-German border, 7 km southeast of Nijmegen, Gelderland, The Netherlands, and 5 km west of Kranenburg, Germany.
Xanten (Lower Franconian Santen) is a town in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
XXX Corps (30 Corps) was a corps of the British Army during the Second World War.
Ypres (Ieper) is a Belgian municipality in the province of West Flanders.
The 12e Régiment blindé du Canada (a translation of its former name, the "12th Canadian Armoured Regiment") is a Canadian Army armoured regiment based in CFB Valcartier, on the outskirts of Quebec City.
12th SS Panzer Division "Hitlerjugend" (12.) was a German armoured division of the Waffen-SS during World War II.
The 15th Army (German: 15. Armee) was a World War II field army.
The 18th Battalion (Western Ontario), CEF, was an infantry battalion of the Canadian Expeditionary Force in the Great War.
The 19th Battalion (Central Ontario), CEF was a unit of the First World War Canadian Expeditionary Force.
The 1st Canadian Division is an operational command and control formation of the Canadian Joint Operations Command, based at CFB Kingston.
The German 1st Parachute Army (1. Fallschirm-Armee) was formed in September, 1944, comprising 30,000 men.
The 20th Battalion (Central Ontario), CEF was a unit of the First World War Canadian Expeditionary Force.
The 21st Army Group was a World War II British headquarters formation, in command of two field armies and other supporting units, consisting primarily of the British Second Army and the First Canadian Army.
The 21st Battalion (Eastern Ontario), CEF was an infantry battalion of the Canadian Expeditionary Force in the Great War.
The 22nd Battalion (French Canadian), CEF, was a battalion of the Canadian Expeditionary Force in the Great War.
The 25th Battalion (Nova Scotia Rifles), CEF (also known as "MacKenzie Battalion", "Master Raiders", "Raiding Battalion") was a unit in the Canadian Expeditionary Force during the Great War.
The 26th Battalion (New Brunswick) CEF, was an infantry battalion of the Canadian Expeditionary Force during World War I. The battalion was authorized on 7 November 1914 and embarked for Britain on 15 June 1915.
The 272nd Infantry Division was a Type 1944 infantry division of the German Wehrmacht during World War II, that was originally formed in December 1943.
The 28th Battalion (Northwest), CEF was an infantry battalion of the Canadian Expeditionary Force during the Great War.
The 29th Battalion (Vancouver), CEF was an infantry battalion of the Canadian Expeditionary Force during the Great War.
The 2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade was an armoured brigade of the Canadian Army that saw active service during World War II.
The 2nd Field Artillery Regiment, RCA (2e Régiment d'artillerie de campagne, ARC) is a Royal Canadian Artillery reserve regiment.
The 31st Battalion (Alberta), CEF, was an infantry battalion of the Canadian Expeditionary Force during the Great War.
34 Canadian Brigade Group (34CBG; 34e Groupe-brigade du Canada) is part of 2nd Canadian Division, under the Canadian Army.
34 Combat Engineer Regiment (34CER) is a reserve unit of the Royal Canadian Engineers in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
35 Canadian Brigade Group (35CBG; 35e Groupe-brigade du Canada) is part of 2nd Canadian Division, under the Canadian Army of the Canadian Forces.
35 Combat Engineer Regiment (35CER) (French: 35e Régiment du génie de combat) is a reserve unit of the Canadian Military Engineers in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada.
The 3rd Canadian Division is a formation of the Canadian Army.
The 3rd (United Kingdom) Division, known at various times as the Iron Division, 3rd (Iron) Division, Monty's Iron Sides or as Iron Sides;Delaforce is a regular army division of the British Army.
430 Tactical Helicopter Squadron is a unit of the Canadian Forces under Royal Canadian Air Force.
The 43rd (Wessex) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army.
The 4th Canadian Division is a formation of the Canadian Army.
The 4th Canadian Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the Canadian Army active during World War I and World War II.
5 Canadian Mechanized Brigade Group (5e Groupe-brigade mécanisé du Canada) (5 CMBG) is a Canadian Forces brigade group that is part of 2nd Canadian Division of the Canadian Army.
5 Combat Engineer Regiment (French: 5e Régiment du genie de combat) is a regular force regiment of the Canadian Military Engineers commanded by a lieutenant-colonel.
5 Service Battalion (5 Svc Bn), or 5e Bataillon des services (5 Bon Svc) in French, is a deployable field unit of the Canadian Forces.
The 52nd (Lowland) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army that was originally formed as the Lowland Division, in 1908 as part of the Territorial Force.
The 5th Canadian Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the Canadian Army that fought during World War I and World War II.
The 6th Canadian Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the Canadian Army that fought during World War I and World War II.
The 7th Army was a World War II field army of the German land forces.
The 8th Reconnaissance Regiment (14th Canadian Hussars), commonly abbreviated to 8 Recce, VIII Recce or (within the British Army) 8 Canadian Recce, was the reconnaissance arm of the 2nd Canadian Infantry Division during World War II.