154 relations: Adolf Hitler, Allies of World War II, Amphibious warfare, Antwerp, Argentan, Artillery, Battalion, Battle drill, Battle for Caen, Battle of Britain, Battle of Groningen, Battle of Hong Kong, Battle of the Bulge, Battle of the Scheldt, Battle of Verrières Ridge, Beachhead, Bernard Montgomery, Bremen, Bren light machine gun, Brigade, British Army, Bruce Matthews (Canadian Army officer), Caen, Canadian Armed Forces, Canadian Army, Canadian Expeditionary Force, CFB Borden, CFB Shilo, CFB Valcartier, Chambois, Orne, Channel Ports, Charles Foulkes (Canadian Army officer), Commandos (United Kingdom), Commonwealth of Nations, Dieppe Raid, Division (military), E. L. M. Burns, Falaise Pocket, Falaise, Calvados, First Canadian Army, Fontenay-le-Marmion, Formation patch, Frederick Albert Tilston, Garrison Petawawa, Günther von Kluge, General (Canada), General (United Kingdom), Generalfeldmarschall, George S. Patton, George VI, ..., Groningen, Guy Simonds, Harry Crerar, Hautot-sur-Mer, Hawker Typhoon, Howitzer, I Canadian Corps, II Canadian Corps, Infantry, Invasion of Normandy, Italian Campaign (World War II), John Hamilton Roberts, Juno Beach, Kangaroo (armoured personnel carrier), Kurt Student, Le Régiment de Maisonneuve, Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal, Liberation of Arnhem, Lieutenant general (United States), Lieutenant-general (Canada), Machine gun, Manitoba, Military engineering, Military history of Canada, Military history of Canada during World War II, Monarchy of the United Kingdom, Mortain, Nijmegen, Normandy landings, Oldenburg, Ontario, Operation Atlantic, Operation Blockbuster, Operation Bluecoat, Operation Charnwood, Operation Cobra, Operation Goodwood, Operation Lüttich, Operation Overlord, Operation Sea Lion, Operation Spring, Operation Totalize, Operation Tractable, Operation Veritable, Ordnance QF 25-pounder, Orne (river), Panzer division, Pas-de-Calais, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Quebec, Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders, Régiment de la Chaudière, Rhine, Rifle, Scie (river), Second Army (United Kingdom), Seine, Siegfried Line, Smoke screen, The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada, The Calgary Highlanders, The Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa (Duke of Edinburgh's Own), The Essex Scottish Regiment, The Lorne Scots (Peel, Dufferin and Halton Regiment), The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders of Canada, The Royal Hamilton Light Infantry (Wentworth Regiment), The Royal Regiment of Canada, The South Saskatchewan Regiment, The Toronto Scottish Regiment (Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother's Own), The Winnipeg Grenadiers, Tilly-la-Campagne, United Kingdom, United States Army Central, Victor Odlum, Victoria Cross, Victory in Europe Day, Vire (river), Wesel, Western Canada, Winston Churchill, Witte Brigade, World War I, World War II, Wyler, North Rhine-Westphalia, Xanten, XXX Corps (United Kingdom), 12th SS Panzer Division Hitlerjugend, 15th Army (Wehrmacht), 1st Canadian Division, 1st Parachute Army (Wehrmacht), 21st Army Group, 272nd Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade, 2nd Canadian Division, 3rd Canadian Division, 3rd Division (United Kingdom), 43rd (Wessex) Infantry Division, 4th Canadian Division, 4th Canadian Infantry Brigade, 52nd (Lowland) Infantry Division, 5th Canadian Infantry Brigade, 6th Canadian Infantry Brigade, 7th Army (Wehrmacht), 8th Reconnaissance Regiment (14th Canadian Hussars). Expand index (104 more) » « Shrink index
Adolf Hitler (20 April 1889 – 30 April 1945) was a German politician, demagogue, and revolutionary, who was the leader of the Nazi Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei; NSDAP), Chancellor of Germany from 1933 to 1945 and Führer ("Leader") of Nazi Germany from 1934 to 1945.
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
Amphibious warfare is a type of offensive military operation that today uses naval ships to project ground and air power onto a hostile or potentially hostile shore at a designated landing beach.
Antwerp (Antwerpen, Anvers) is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders.
Argentan is a commune and the seat of two cantons and of an arrondissement in the Orne department in northwestern France.
Artillery is a class of large military weapons built to fire munitions far beyond the range and power of infantry's small arms.
A battalion is a military unit.
An Infantry battle drill describes how platoons and squads apply fire and maneuver to commonly encountered situations.
The Battle for Caen (June to August 1944) is the name for the fighting between the British Second Army and German Panzergruppe West in the Second World War for control of the city of Caen and vicinity, during the Battle of Normandy.
The Battle of Britain (Luftschlacht um England, literally "The Air Battle for England") was a military campaign of the Second World War, in which the Royal Air Force (RAF) defended the United Kingdom (UK) against large-scale attacks by Nazi Germany's air force, the Luftwaffe.
The Battle of Groningen took place during the final month of Second World War, from April 13 to 16, 1945, in the city of Groningen between a mixture of German soldiers, Dutch and Belgian SS troops numbering 7,000 against the entire 2nd Canadian Infantry Division, though the whole division was never in combat at any given time.
The Battle of Hong Kong (8–25 December 1941), also known as the Defence of Hong Kong and the Fall of Hong Kong, was one of the first battles of the Pacific War in World War II.
The Battle of the Bulge (16 December 1944 – 25 January 1945) was the last major German offensive campaign on the Western Front during World War II.
The Battle of the Scheldt in World War II was a series of military operations by Canadian, British and Polish formations to open up the shipping route to Antwerp so that its port could be used to supply the Allies in north-west Europe.
The Battle of Verrières Ridge was a series of engagements fought as part of the Battle of Normandy, in northwestern France, during the Second World War.
A beachhead is a temporary line created when a military unit reaches a landing beach by sea and begins to defend the area while other reinforcements help out until a unit large enough to begin advancing has arrived.
Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, (17 November 1887 – 24 March 1976), nicknamed "Monty" and "The Spartan General", was a senior British Army officer who fought in both the First World War and the Second World War.
The City Municipality of Bremen (Stadtgemeinde Bremen) is a Hanseatic city in northwestern Germany, which belongs to the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen (also called just "Bremen" for short), a federal state of Germany.
The Bren gun, usually called simply the Bren, are a series of light machine guns (LMG) made by Britain in the 1930s and used in various roles until 1992.
A brigade is a major tactical military formation that is typically composed of three to six battalions plus supporting elements.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
Major General Albert Bruce Matthews, (August 12, 1909 – September 12, 1991) was a senior Canadian Army officer and businessman in the 1930s.
Caen (Norman: Kaem) is a commune in northwestern France.
The Canadian Armed Forces (CAF; Forces armées canadiennes, FAC), or Canadian Forces (CF) (Forces canadiennes, FC), are the unified armed forces of Canada, as constituted by the National Defence Act, which states: "The Canadian Forces are the armed forces of Her Majesty raised by Canada and consist of one Service called the Canadian Armed Forces." This unified institution consists of sea, land, and air elements referred to as the Royal Canadian Navy (RCN), Canadian Army, and Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF).
The Canadian Army (French: Armée canadienne) is the command responsible for the operational readiness of the conventional ground forces of the Canadian Armed Forces.
The Canadian Expeditionary Force (CEF) was the designation of the field force created by Canada for service overseas in the First World War.
Canadian Forces Base Borden (also CFB Borden, French: Base des Forces canadiennes Borden or BFC Borden) is a Canadian Forces base located in Ontario.
Canadian Forces Base Shilo (or CFB Shilo) is an Operations and Training base of the Canadian Forces, located east of Brandon, Manitoba.
Canadian Forces Base Valcartier (CFB Valcartier), now re-designated 2 Canadian Division Support Base Valcartier (2 CDSB Valcartier), is a Canadian Forces Base located in the municipality of Saint-Gabriel-de-Valcartier, approximately north of Quebec City.
Chambois is a former commune in the Orne département in north-western France.
The Channel Ports are seaports in southern England and the facing continent, which allow for short crossings of the English Channel.
General Charles Foulkes, (3 January 1903 – 12 September 1969) was a British-Canadian soldier, and an officer of The Royal Canadian Regiment.
The Commandos also known as British Commandos were formed during the Second World War in June 1940, following a request from the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Winston Churchill, for a force that could carry out raids against German-occupied Europe.
The Commonwealth of Nations, often known as simply the Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire.
The Dieppe Raid was an Allied assault on the German-occupied port of Dieppe, France on 19 August 1942, during the Second World War.
A division is a large military unit or formation, usually consisting of between 10,000 and 20,000 soldiers.
Lieutenant-General Eedson Louis Millard "Tommy" Burns, (June 17, 1897 – September 13, 1985) was a senior officer of the Canadian Army and diplomat.
The Falaise Pocket or Battle of the Falaise Pocket (12 – 21 August 1944) was the decisive engagement of the Battle of Normandy in the Second World War.
Falaise is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
The First Canadian Army (1reArmée canadienne) was a field army and the senior formation of the Canadian Army that served on the Western Front from July 1944 until May 1945 during the Second World War.
Fontenay-le-Marmion is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
Formation patches or Formation badges are types of military insignia developed during the 20th Century.
Frederick Albert Tilston VC (June 11, 1906 – September 23, 1992) was a Canadian recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Garrison Petawawa is located in Petawawa, Ontario.
Günther von Kluge (30 October 1882 – 19 August 1944) was a German field marshal during World War II.
The military rank of general in Canada is typically held by only one officer whose position is Chief of the Defence Staff (CDS) and the senior uniformed officer of the Canadian Forces.
General (or full general to distinguish it from the lower general officer ranks) is the highest rank currently achievable by serving officers of the British Army.
Generalfeldmarschall (general field marshal, field marshal general, or field marshal;; abbreviated to Feldmarschall) was a rank in the armies of several German states and the Holy Roman Empire; in the Habsburg Monarchy, the Austrian Empire and Austria-Hungary, the rank Feldmarschall was used.
General George Smith Patton Jr. (November 11, 1885 – December 21, 1945) was a senior officer of the United States Army who commanded the U.S. Seventh Army in the Mediterranean theater of World War II, but is best known for his leadership of the U.S. Third Army in France and Germany following the Allied invasion of Normandy in June 1944.
George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George; 14 December 1895 – 6 February 1952) was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth from 11 December 1936 until his death in 1952.
Groningen (Gronings: Grunnen) is the main municipality as well as the capital city of the eponymous province in the Netherlands.
Lieutenant-General Guy Granville Simonds (April 23, 1903 – May 15, 1974) was a senior Canadian Army officer who served with distinction during World War II, where he commanded the 1st Canadian Infantry Division and II Canadian Corps.
General Henry Duncan Graham "Harry" Crerar (April 28, 1888 – April 1, 1965) was a senior officer of the Canadian Army, and became the country's "leading field commander" in the Second World War, where he commanded the First Canadian Army.
Hautot-sur-Mer is a commune in the Seine-Maritime department in the Normandy region in north-western France.
The Hawker Typhoon (Tiffy in RAF slang) is a British single-seat fighter-bomber, produced by Hawker Aircraft.
A howitzer is a type of artillery piece characterized by a relatively short barrel and the use of comparatively small propellant charges to propel projectiles over relatively high trajectories, with a steep angle of descent.
I Canadian Corps was one of the two corps fielded by the Canadian Army during the Second World War.
II Canadian Corps was a corps-level formation that, along with I (British) Corps (August 1, 1944 to April 1, 1945) and I Canadian Corps (April 6, 1943 to November 1943, and April 1, 1945 until the end of hostilities), comprised the First Canadian Army in Northwest Europe during World War II.
Infantry is the branch of an army that engages in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and tank forces.
The Western Allies of World War II launched the largest amphibious invasion in history when they assaulted Normandy, located on the northern coast of France, on 6 June 1944.
The Italian Campaign of World War II consisted of the Allied operations in and around Italy, from 1943 to the end of the war in Europe.
John Hamilton "Ham" Roberts CB, DSO, MC (December 21, 1891 – 1962) was a Canadian artillery officer and major general.
Juno or Juno Beach was one of five beaches of the Allied invasion of German-occupied France in the Normandy landings on 6 June 1944 during the Second World War.
A Kangaroo was a Second World War Commonwealth or British armoured personnel carrier (APC), created by converting a tank chassis.
Kurt Student (12 May 1890 – 1 July 1978) was a German paratroop general in the Luftwaffe during World War II.
Le Régiment de Maisonneuve is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Forces.
Les Fusiliers Mont-Royal is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Army.
Operation Anger (sometimes known as Operation Quick Anger), was a military operation to seize the city of Arnhem in April 1945, during the closing stages of the Second World War.
In the United States Army, United States Marine Corps, and the United States Air Force, lieutenant general (abbreviated LTG in the Army, Lt Gen in the Air Force, and LtGen in the Marine Corps) is a three-star general officer rank, with the pay grade of O-9.
In the Canadian Forces, the rank of lieutenant-general (LGen) (lieutenant-général or Lgén in French) is an Army or Air Force rank equal to a vice-admiral of the Navy.
A machine gun is a fully automatic mounted or portable firearm designed to fire bullets in rapid succession from an ammunition belt or magazine, typically at a rate of 300 rounds per minute or higher.
Manitoba is a province at the longitudinal centre of Canada.
Military engineering is loosely defined as the art, science, and practice of designing and building military works and maintaining lines of military transport and communications.
The military history of Canada comprises hundreds of years of armed actions in the territory encompassing modern Canada, and interventions by the Canadian military in conflicts and peacekeeping worldwide.
The military history of Canada during the Second World War begins with the German invasion of Poland on 1 September 1939.
The monarchy of the United Kingdom, commonly referred to as the British monarchy, is the constitutional monarchy of the United Kingdom, its dependencies and its overseas territories.
Mortain is a former commune in the Manche department in Normandy in north-western France.
Nijmegen (Nijmeegs: Nimwegen), historically anglicized as Nimeguen, is a municipality and a city in the Dutch province of Gelderland.
The Normandy landings were the landing operations on Tuesday, 6 June 1944 of the Allied invasion of Normandy in Operation Overlord during World War II.
Oldenburg is an independent city in the district of Oldenburg in the state of Lower Saxony, Germany.
Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada.
Operation Atlantic (18–21 July 1944) was a Canadian offensive during the Battle of Normandy in the Second World War.
Operation Blockbuster was the completion of the larger Operation Veritable by the First Canadian Army, reinforced by the XXX Corps from the British Second Army from late February to early March, 1945.
Operation Bluecoat was an offensive in the Battle of Normandy, from 30 July until 7 August 1944, during the Second World War.
Operation Charnwood was an Anglo-Canadian offensive that took place from 8 to 9 July 1944, during the Battle for Caen, part of the larger Operation Overlord (code-name for the Battle of Normandy), in the Second World War.
Operation Cobra was the codename for an offensive launched by the First United States Army (Lieutenant General Omar Bradley) seven weeks after the D-Day landings, during the Normandy Campaign of World War II.
Operation Goodwood was a British offensive in the Second World War, that took place between 18 and 20 July 1944 as part of the battle for Caen in Normandy, France.
Operation Lüttich was a codename given to a German counter-attack during the Battle of Normandy, which took place around the American positions near Mortain from 7 August to 13 August 1944.
Operation Overlord was the codename for the Battle of Normandy, the Allied operation that launched the successful invasion of German-occupied Western Europe during World War II.
Operation Sea Lion, also written as Operation Sealion (Unternehmen Seelöwe), was Nazi Germany's code name for the plan for an invasion of the United Kingdom during the Battle of Britain in the Second World War.
Operation Spring was an offensive operation conducted by II Canadian Corps during the Normandy campaign.
Operation Totalize (also spelled Operation Totalise in recent British sources) was an offensive launched by Allied troops in the First Canadian Army during the later stages of Operation Overlord, from 8 to 9 August 1944.
Operation Tractable was the final offensive conducted by Canadian and Polish troops, supported by one brigade of British tanks, as part of the Battle of Normandy during World War II.
Operation Veritable (also known as the Battle of the Reichswald) was the northern part of an Allied pincer movement that took place between 8 February and 11 March 1945 during the final stages of the Second World War.
The Ordnance QF 25-pounder, or more simply 25-pounder or 25-pdr, was the major British field gun and howitzer during the Second World War, possessing a 3.45-inch (87.6 mm) calibre.
The Orne (Ptolemeus Olina) is a river in Normandy, within northwestern France.
A panzer division is one of the armored (tank) divisions in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II.
Pas-de-Calais is a department in northern France named after the French designation of the Strait of Dover, which it borders ('pas' meaning passage).
The Prime Minister of the United Kingdom is the head of the United Kingdom government.
Quebec (Québec)According to the Canadian government, Québec (with the acute accent) is the official name in French and Quebec (without the accent) is the province's official name in English; the name is.
The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders or 79th (The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders) Regiment of Foot was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, raised in 1793.
The Régiment de la Chaudière is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Army.
--> The Rhine (Rhenus, Rein, Rhein, le Rhin,, Italiano: Reno, Rijn) is a European river that begins in the Swiss canton of Graubünden in the southeastern Swiss Alps, forms part of the Swiss-Liechtenstein, Swiss-Austrian, Swiss-German and then the Franco-German border, then flows through the German Rhineland and the Netherlands and eventually empties into the North Sea.
A rifle is a portable long-barrelled firearm designed for precision shooting, to be held with both hands and braced against the shoulder for stability during firing, and with a barrel that has a helical pattern of grooves ("rifling") cut into the bore walls.
The Scie is a river that flows from the plateau of the southern Pays de Caux in the Seine-Maritime département of Normandy into the English Channel.
The British Second Army was a field army active during the First and Second World Wars.
The Seine (La Seine) is a river and an important commercial waterway within the Paris Basin in the north of France.
The term Siegfried Line refers to two different German defensive lines, one during the First World War and the other during the Second World War.
A smoke screen is smoke released to mask the movement or location of military units such as infantry, tanks, aircraft or ships.
The Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment) of Canada is a reserve infantry regiment in 34 Brigade Group, 2nd Canadian Division of the Canadian Army.
The Calgary Highlanders is a Canadian Army Primary Reserve infantry regiment, headquartered at Mewata Armouries in Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
The Cameron Highlanders of Ottawa (Duke of Edinburgh's Own) is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Forces.
The Essex Scottish was an infantry regiment of the Canadian Army until 1954.
The Lorne Scots (Peel, Dufferin and Halton Regiment) is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Army.
The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders of Canada is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Army.
The Royal Hamilton Light Infantry (Wentworth Regiment) (RHLI) is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Army, based at John W. Foote VC Armoury in Hamilton, Ontario.
The Royal Regiment of Canada is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Army based in Toronto, Ontario, part of 4th Canadian Division's 32 Canadian Brigade Group.
The South Saskatchewan Regiment was an infantry regiment of the Canadian Forces formed in 1936 by the amalgamation of The Weyburn Regiment and The Saskatchewan Border Regiment.
The Toronto Scottish Regiment (Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother's Own) is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Army.
The Winnipeg Grenadiers was an infantry regiment of the Canadian Army formed on 1 April 1908 under General Order No.
Tilly-la-Campagne is a commune in the Calvados department and Normandy region of north-western France.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United States Army Central, formerly the Third United States Army, commonly referred to as the Third Army and as ARCENT is a military formation of the United States Army, which saw service in World War I and World War II, in the 1991 Gulf War, and in the coalition occupation of Iraq.
Victor Wentworth Odlum, CB, CMG, DSO (21 October 1880 – 4 April 1971) was a Canadian journalist, soldier, and diplomat.
The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest award of the British honours system.
Victory in Europe Day, generally known as V-E Day, VE Day or simply V Day, celebrated on May 8, 1945 to mark the formal acceptance by the Allies of World War II of Nazi Germany's unconditional surrender of its armed forces.
The Vire is a river in Normandy, France whose 128 km course crosses the départements of Calvados and Manche, flowing through the towns of Vire, Saint-Lô and Isigny-sur-Mer, finally flowing out into the English Channel.
Wesel is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
Western Canada, also referred to as the Western provinces and more commonly known as the West, is a region of Canada that includes the four provinces of Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba and Saskatchewan.
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill (30 November 187424 January 1965) was a British politician, army officer, and writer, who was Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955.
The White Brigade (Witte Brigade, Brigade blanche) was a Belgian resistance group, founded in the summer of 1940 in Antwerp by Marcel Louette, who was nicknamed "Fidelio".
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
Wyler is a village along the Dutch-German border, 7 km southeast of Nijmegen, Gelderland, The Netherlands, and 5 km west of Kranenburg, Germany.
Xanten (Lower Franconian Santen) is a town in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
XXX Corps (30 Corps) was a corps of the British Army during the Second World War.
12th SS Panzer Division "Hitlerjugend" (12.) was a German armoured division of the Waffen-SS during World War II.
The 15th Army (German: 15. Armee) was a World War II field army.
The 1st Canadian Division is an operational command and control formation of the Canadian Joint Operations Command, based at CFB Kingston.
The German 1st Parachute Army (1. Fallschirm-Armee) was formed in September, 1944, comprising 30,000 men.
The 21st Army Group was a World War II British headquarters formation, in command of two field armies and other supporting units, consisting primarily of the British Second Army and the First Canadian Army.
The 272nd Infantry Division was a Type 1944 infantry division of the German Wehrmacht during World War II, that was originally formed in December 1943.
The 2nd Canadian Armoured Brigade was an armoured brigade of the Canadian Army that saw active service during World War II.
The 2nd Canadian Division (2 Cdn Div) is responsible for generating and maintaining an operationally ready, multi-purpose land force for the Canadian Army in the province of Quebec, Canada, in order to meet Canada's defence objectives, domestically and overseas.
The 3rd Canadian Division is a formation of the Canadian Army.
The 3rd (United Kingdom) Division, known at various times as the Iron Division, 3rd (Iron) Division, Monty's Iron Sides or as Iron Sides;Delaforce is a regular army division of the British Army.
The 43rd (Wessex) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army.
The 4th Canadian Division is a formation of the Canadian Army.
The 4th Canadian Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the Canadian Army active during World War I and World War II.
The 52nd (Lowland) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army that was originally formed as the Lowland Division, in 1908 as part of the Territorial Force.
The 5th Canadian Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the Canadian Army that fought during World War I and World War II.
The 6th Canadian Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the Canadian Army that fought during World War I and World War II.
The 7th Army was a World War II field army of the German land forces.
The 8th Reconnaissance Regiment (14th Canadian Hussars), commonly abbreviated to 8 Recce, VIII Recce or (within the British Army) 8 Canadian Recce, was the reconnaissance arm of the 2nd Canadian Infantry Division during World War II.