261 relations: AEC Matador, Afrika Korps, Air Observation Post, Alexander Cobbe, Allied invasion of Sicily, Ambala, Anti-Aircraft Command, Ardennes, Armistice of Mudros, Army Reserve (United Kingdom), Arnhem, Assam, Baghdad, Baize, Bangalore, Barrage (artillery), Basra, Battle of Alam el Halfa, Battle of France, Battle of Imphal, Battle of Kohima, Battle of Medenine, Battle of Meiktila and Mandalay, Battle of Nijmegen, Battle of Sharqat, Battle of the Bulge, Battle of the Mareth Line, Battle of Wadi Akarit, Bayeux, Bexhill-on-Sea, Biên Hòa, Bishnupur, Manipur, BL 4.5-inch Medium Field Gun, BL 5.5-inch Medium Gun, BL 7.2-inch howitzer, Blankenburg (Harz), Bocholt–Herentals Canal, Bofors 40 mm gun, Braunlage, Bremen, Bremervörde, Brenzett, Brian Horrocks, Bridport, British Army, British Expeditionary Force (World War II), British Malaya, British Raj, British rule in Burma, Brunssum, ..., Brussels, Burma Campaign, Burma Campaign 1944–45, Burnham Norton, Calabria, Central Force, 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Brigade, Royal Garrison Artillery, Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports, Loucelles, Luftwaffe, Malden, Netherlands, Mandalay, Maukkadaw, Medenine, Meiktila, Merris, Mesopotamian campaign, Mont des Cats, Monywa, Morbecque, Mosul, Multan, Mumbai, Munich Agreement, Myitnge River, Ninfield, Norfolk, Normandy landings, Northumberland, Operation Baytown, Operation Epsom, Operation Grenade, Operation Market Garden, Operation Overlord, Operation Plunder, Operation Veritable, Operation Zipper, Operations Vulcan and Strike, Order of the Bath, Ordnance BLC 15-pounder, Ordnance ML 3 inch mortar, Ordnance QF 18-pounder, Ordnance QF 25-pounder, Otterburn Training Area, Oudenaarde, Oxford, Paluzawa, Panzer Army Africa, Pevensey, Port of Tilbury, Punjab, India, QF 3.7-inch AA gun, QF 3.7-inch mountain howitzer, QF 4.5-inch howitzer, Ranchi, Rawalpindi, Refugee camp, Renkum, RMS Laconia (1921), Royal Army Service Corps, Royal Artillery, Royal Field Artillery, Royal Garrison Artillery, Sainte-Honorine-de-Ducy, Sandbostel, Scheldt, Second Army (Home Forces), Second Battle of El Alamein, Secunderabad, Sinai and Palestine Campaign, Singapore, Sir Martin Lindsay, 1st Baronet, South East England, Southampton, Southern Command (United Kingdom), Sri Lanka, St Leonards-on-Sea, Strait of Messina, Suez Port, Sussex, Sussex Yeomanry, Tedim, Territorial Decoration, Territorial Force, The National Archives (United Kingdom), Thomas Brassey, 1st Earl Brassey, Tiger I, Tigris, Tikrit, Tilburg, Tunisia, Twelfth Army (United Kingdom), Ubbergen, Valkenswaard, Vernon, Eure, Victoria Cross, Victory in Europe Day, VII Corps (United States), Volunteer Force, Waal (river), Wageningen, War Office, Weeze, Weser, Western Front (World War I), Willys MB, Windsor, Berkshire, World War I, World War II, XII Corps (United Kingdom), XIII Corps (United Kingdom), XXX Corps (United Kingdom), 100th Indian Infantry Brigade, 101st Airborne Division, 12th (Eastern) Division, 132nd Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 158th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 15th (Scottish) Infantry Division, 15th Indian Division, 16th Indian Division, 17th Indian Division, 18th Indian Division, 1st Airborne Division (United Kingdom), 1st Cinque Ports Artillery Volunteers, 1st Sussex Artillery Volunteers, 20th Infantry Division (India), 21st Army Group, 2nd Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 32nd Indian Infantry Brigade, 3rd (Lahore) Division, 3rd Canadian Division, 3rd Division (United Kingdom), 3rd Lahore Divisional Area, 43rd (Wessex) Infantry Division, 44th (Home Counties) Division, 44th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 47th (London) Infantry Division, 4th Home Counties Brigade, Royal Field Artillery, 50th (Northumbrian) Division, 50th Parachute Brigade (India), 51st (Highland) Division, 53rd (Welsh) Infantry Division, 54th Indian Brigade, 59th Army Group Royal Artillery, 67th (2nd Home Counties) Division, 69th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 6th Parachute Division (Germany), 7th Armoured Division (United Kingdom), 7th Indian Cavalry Brigade, 80th Indian Infantry Brigade, 82nd Airborne Division, 84th Division (United States). 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The AEC Matador was a heavy 4x4 truck and medium artillery tractor built by the Associated Equipment Company for British and Commonwealth forces during the Second World War.
The Afrika Korps or German Africa Corps (Deutsches Afrikakorps, DAK) was the German expeditionary force in Africa during the North African Campaign of World War II.
Air Observation Post (AOP) is the term used by the Royal Air Force and other services of the United Kingdom and Commonwealth air forces, for an aeroplane or helicopter used in the role of artillery spotter.
General Sir Alexander Stanhope Cobbe (6 June 1870 – 29 June 1931) was a senior British Indian Army officer and a recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
The Allied invasion of Sicily, codenamed Operation Husky, was a major campaign of World War II, in which the Allies took the island of Sicily from the Axis powers (Italy and Nazi Germany).
Ambala, is a city and a municipal corporation in Ambala district in the state of Haryana, India, located on the border with the Indian state of Punjab and in proximity to both states capital Chandigarh.
Anti-Aircraft Command (AA Command, or "Ack-Ack Command") was a British Army command of the Second World War that controlled the Territorial Army anti-aircraft artillery and searchlight formations and units defending the United Kingdom.
The Ardennes (L'Ardenne; Ardennen; L'Årdene; Ardennen; also known as the Ardennes Forest or Forest of Ardennes) is a region of extensive forests, rough terrain, rolling hills and ridges formed by the geological features of the Ardennes mountain range and the Moselle and Meuse River basins.
The Armistice of Mudros (Mondros Mütarekesi), concluded on 30 October 1918, ended the hostilities, at noon the next day, in the Middle Eastern theatre between the Ottoman Empire and the Allies of World War I. It was signed by the Ottoman Minister of Marine Affairs Rauf Bey and the British Admiral Somerset Arthur Gough-Calthorpe, on board HMS ''Agamemnon'' in Moudros harbor on the Greek island of Lemnos.
The Army Reserve is the active-duty volunteer reserve force and integrated element of the British Army.
Arnhem (or; Arnheim, Frisian: Arnhim, South Guelderish: Èrnem) is a city and municipality situated in the eastern part of the Netherlands.
Assam is a state in Northeast India, situated south of the eastern Himalayas along the Brahmaputra and Barak River valleys.
Baghdad (بغداد) is the capital of Iraq.
Baize is a coarse woollen (or in cheaper variants cotton) cloth.
Bangalore, officially known as Bengaluru, is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka.
A barrage is massed artillery fire aimed at points, typically apart, along one or more lines that can be from a few hundred to several thousand yards long.
Basra (البصرة al-Baṣrah), is an Iraqi city located on the Shatt al-Arab between Kuwait and Iran.
The Battle of Alam el Halfa took place between 30 August and 5 September 1942 south of El Alamein during the Western Desert Campaign of the Second World War.
The Battle of France, also known as the Fall of France, was the German invasion of France and the Low Countries during the Second World War.
The Battle of Imphal took place in the region around the city of Imphal, the capital of the state of Manipur in northeast India from March until July 1944.
The Battle of Kohima was the turning point of the Japanese U Go offensive into India in 1944 during the Second World War.
The Battle of Medenine, also known as Operation Capri (Unternehmen Capri), was an Axis spoiling attack at Medenine in Tunisia on 6 March 1943.
The concurrent Battle of Meiktila and Battle of Mandalay were decisive engagements near the end of the Burma Campaign.
The Battle of Nijmegen or Liberation of Nijmegen occurred in the Netherlands from 17 to 20 September 1944, as part of Operation Market Garden during World War II.
The Battle of Sharqat (October 23–30, 1918) was fought between the British and the Ottoman Empire in the Mesopotamian Campaign in World War I, which became the last conflict in the between the belligerents before of the signing of the Armistice of Mudros.
The Battle of the Bulge (16 December 1944 – 25 January 1945) was the last major German offensive campaign on the Western Front during World War II.
The Battle of the Mareth Line or the Battle of Mareth was an attack in the Second World War by the British Eighth Army (General Bernard Montgomery) in Tunisia, against the Mareth Line held by the Italo-German 1st Army (General Giovanni Messe).
The Battle of Wadi Akarit (Operation Scipio) was an Allied attack from 6–7 April 1943, to dislodge Axis forces from positions along the Wadi Akarit in Tunisia (also known as the Akarit Line) during the Tunisia Campaign of the Second World War.
Bayeux is a commune in the Calvados department in Normandy in northwestern France.
Bexhill-on-Sea (often simply Bexhill) is a seaside town situated in the county of East Sussex in South East England.
Biên Hòa (Northern accent:, Southern accent) is a city in Đồng Nai Province, Vietnam, about east of Hồ Chí Minh City (formerly Saigon), to which Biên Hòa is linked by Vietnam Highway 1.
Bishnupur is a town in Bishnupur district in the state of Manipur, India.
The BL 4.5 inch Medium Gun was a British gun used by field artillery in the Second World War.
The BL 5.5 inch Gun was a British artillery gun introduced during the middle of the Second World War to equip medium batteries.
The BL 7.2-inch howitzer was a heavy artillery piece used by the British Army throughout World War II.
Blankenburg (Harz) is a town and health resort in the district of Harz, in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany, at the north foot of the Harz Mountains, southwest of Halberstadt.
The Bocholt–Herentals Canal (Also known locally as the Kempisch Kanaal or the Maas-Scheldekanaal) is a canal in Belgium that links the Zuid-Willemsvaart at Bocholt with the Albert Canal in Herentals, with a length of slightly over 60 kilometres.
--> The Bofors 40 mm gun, often referred to simply as the Bofors gun, is an anti-aircraft/multi-purpose autocannon designed in the 1930s by the Swedish arms manufacturer AB Bofors.
Braunlage is a town and health resort in the Goslar district in Lower Saxony in Germany.
The City Municipality of Bremen (Stadtgemeinde Bremen) is a Hanseatic city in northwestern Germany, which belongs to the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen (also called just "Bremen" for short), a federal state of Germany.
Bremervörde is a town in the north of the district (Landkreis) of Rotenburg, in Lower Saxony, Germany.
Brenzett is a village and civil parish in the Folkestone and Hythe District of Kent, England.
Lieutenant-General Sir Brian Gwynne Horrocks, (7 September 1895 – 4 January 1985) was a British Army officer, chiefly remembered as the commander of XXX Corps in Operation Market Garden and other operations during the Second World War.
Bridport is a market town in Dorset, England, inland from the English Channel near the confluence of the River Brit and its tributary the Asker.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the name of the British Army in Western Europe during the Second World War from 2 September 1939 when the BEF GHQ was formed until 31 May 1940, when GHQ closed down.
The term British Malaya loosely describes a set of states on the Malay Peninsula and the island of Singapore that were brought under British control between the 18th and the 20th centuries.
The British Raj (from rāj, literally, "rule" in Hindustani) was the rule by the British Crown in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947.
British rule in Burma, also known as British Burma, lasted from 1824 to 1948, from the Anglo-Burmese wars through the creation of Burma as a Province of British India to the establishment of an independently administered colony, and finally independence.
Brunssum (Broensem) is a municipality and a town in the province of Limburg in the Netherlands.
Brussels (Bruxelles,; Brussel), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest), is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the de jure capital of Belgium.
The Burma Campaign was a series of battles fought in the British colony of Burma, South-East Asian theatre of World War II, primarily between the forces of the British Empire and China, with support from the United States, against the invading forces of Imperial Japan, Thailand, and the Indian National Army.
The Burma Campaign in the South-East Asian Theatre of World War II was fought primarily by British Commonwealth, Chinese and United States forces against the forces of Imperial Japan, who were assisted to some degree by Thailand, the Burmese Independence Army and the Indian National Army.
Burnham Norton is a village and civil parish in the English county of Norfolk.
Calabria (Calàbbria in Calabrian; Calavría in Calabrian Greek; Καλαβρία in Greek; Kalavrì in Arbëresh/Albanian), known in antiquity as Bruttium, is a region in Southern Italy.
GHQ Central Force was a home command of the British Army during the First World War.
Cherbourg-Octeville is a city and former commune situated at the northern end of the Cotentin peninsula in the northwestern French department of Manche.
The Chindwin River (ချင်းတွင်းမြစ်) is a river in Burma (Myanmar), and the largest tributary of the country's chief river the Ayeyarwady (Irrawaddy).
The Confederation of Cinque Ports is a historic series of coastal towns in Kent and Sussex.
Clacton-on-Sea is the largest town in the Tendring peninsula and district in Essex, England, and was founded as an urban district in the year 1871.
A coat of arms is a heraldic visual design on an escutcheon (i.e., shield), surcoat, or tabard.
The Coldstream Guards (COLDM GDS) is a part of the Guards Division, Foot Guards regiments of the British Army.
Colonel (Col) is a rank of the British Army and Royal Marines, ranking below brigadier, and above lieutenant colonel.
Counter-battery fire (sometimes called counter-fire) is a battlefield military activity to defeat the enemy's indirect fire elements (guns, rocket launchers, artillery and mortars), including their target acquisition, command and control components.
The De Bange 90 mm cannon (Mle 1877) was a type of field artillery piece developed in France by Colonel Charles Ragon de Bange in 1877, and adopted by the French Army that same year.
Doncaster is a large market town in South Yorkshire, England.
Dover is a town and major ferry port in the home county of Kent, in South East England.
Dunkirk (Dunkerque; Duinkerke(n)) is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
The Dunkirk evacuation, code-named Operation Dynamo, and also known as the Miracle of Dunkirk, was the evacuation of Allied soldiers during World War II from the beaches and harbour of Dunkirk, in the north of France, between 26 May and 4 June 1940.
The Dutch resistance to the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands during World War II can be mainly characterized by its prominent non-violence, peaking at over 300,000 people in hiding in the autumn of 1944, tended to by some 60,000 to 200,000 illegal landlords and caretakers and tolerated knowingly by some one million people, including a few incidental individuals among German occupiers and military.
Eastbourne is a town, seaside resort and borough in the non-metropolitan county of East Sussex on the south coast of England, east of Brighton.
Eastbourne Redoubt is a circular coastal defence fort at Eastbourne, East Sussex, on the south coast of England.
Eastern Command was a Command of the British Army.
The Eighth Army was a field army formation of the British Army during the Second World War, fighting in the North African and Italian campaigns.
Eindhoven is a municipality and city in the south of the Netherlands, originally at the confluence of the Dommel and Gender streams.
Erwin Rommel (15 November 1891 – 14 October 1944) was a German general and military theorist.
The Euphrates (Sumerian: Buranuna; 𒌓𒄒𒉣 Purattu; الفرات al-Furāt; ̇ܦܪܬ Pǝrāt; Եփրատ: Yeprat; פרת Perat; Fırat; Firat) is the longest and one of the most historically important rivers of Western Asia.
Ewijk is a village in the Dutch province of Gelderland.
The Falaise Pocket or Battle of the Falaise Pocket (12 – 21 August 1944) was the decisive engagement of the Battle of Normandy in the Second World War.
Felixstowe is a seaside town in Suffolk, England.
Firozpur, also known as Ferozepur, is a city on the banks of the Sutlej River in Firozpur District, Punjab, India.
Flêtre (from Vleteren) is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
French Indochina (previously spelled as French Indo-China) (French: Indochine française; Lao: ສະຫະພັນອິນດູຈີນ; Khmer: សហភាពឥណ្ឌូចិន; Vietnamese: Đông Dương thuộc Pháp/東洋屬法,, frequently abbreviated to Đông Pháp; Chinese: 法属印度支那), officially known as the Indochinese Union (French: Union indochinoise) after 1887 and the Indochinese Federation (French: Fédération indochinoise) after 1947, was a grouping of French colonial territories in Southeast Asia.
Geilenkirchen is a town in the district Heinsberg, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
The German Army (Heer) was the land forces component of the Wehrmacht, the regular German Armed Forces, from 1935 until it was demobilized and later dissolved in August 1946.
On 4 May 1945 at Lüneburg Heath, east of Hamburg, Field Marshal Sir Bernard Law Montgomery accepted the unconditional surrender of the German forces in the Netherlands, in northwest Germany including all islands, and in Denmark and all naval ships in those areas.
Gold, commonly known as Gold Beach, was the code name for one of the five areas of the Allied invasion of German-occupied France in the Normandy landings on 6 June 1944, during the Second World War.
The Gordon Highlanders was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that existed for 113 years, from 1881 until 1994, when it was amalgamated with the Queen's Own Highlanders (Seaforth and Camerons) to form the Highlanders (Seaforth, Gordons and Camerons).
Groesbeek is a town and former municipality in the province of Gelderland, the Netherlands.
The Guards Armoured Division was an armoured division of the British Army during the Second World War.
Hailsham is a civil parish and the largest of the five towns in the Wealden district of East Sussex, England.
The Haldane Reforms were a series of far-ranging reforms of the British Army made from 1906 to 1912, and named after the Secretary of State for War, Richard Burdon Haldane.
The Harz is a Mittelgebirge that has the highest elevations in Northern Germany and its rugged terrain extends across parts of Lower Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, and Thuringia.
Hasselfelde is a town in the district of Harz, in Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.
Hastings is a town and borough in East Sussex on the south coast of England, east of the county town of Lewes and south east of London.
Hazebrouck (Hazebroek) is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
Hechtel-Eksel is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Limburg.
Henry Rainald Gage, 6th Viscount Gage, KCVO, (30 December 1895 – 27 February 1982) was Viscount Gage of Firle Place during much of the 20th century.
Lieutenant-General Sir Hew Dalrymple Fanshawe, (30 October 1860 – 24 March 1957) was a British Army general of the First World War, who commanded V Corps on the Western Front and the 18th Indian Division in the Mesopotamian Campaign.
The I Airborne Corps was an airborne forces corps raised by the British Army during the Second World War.
The I Indian Corps was an army corps of the British Indian Army in the Great War.
II Canadian Corps was a corps-level formation that, along with I (British) Corps (August 1, 1944 to April 1, 1945) and I Canadian Corps (April 6, 1943 to November 1943, and April 1, 1945 until the end of hostilities), comprised the First Canadian Army in Northwest Europe during World War II.
Imphal is the capital city of the Indian state of Manipur.
The Irish Guards (IG), part of the Guards Division, is one of the Foot Guards regiments of the British Army and, together with the Royal Irish Regiment, it is one of the two Irish infantry regiments in the British Army.
The Irrawaddy River or Ayeyarwady River (also spelt Ayeyarwaddy) is a river that flows from north to south through Myanmar.
Joe's Bridge is the nickname given to Bridge No.9 on the Bocholt-Herentals Canal outside the town of Neerpelt, in the Belgian city of Lommel just south of the Belgian-Dutch border.
The Kabaw Valley is a highland valley in northern Burma (Myanmar), western Sagaing division.
Kent is a county in South East England and one of the home counties.
The Klever Reichswald is an Imperial forest in North Rhine-Westphalia (Germany) between the Rivers Rhine and Meuse at the German Dutch border.
Kortrijk (in English also Courtrai or Courtray; official name in Dutch: Kortrijk,; West Flemish: Kortryk or Kortrik, Courtrai,; Cortoriacum) is a Belgian city and municipality in the Flemish province of West Flanders.
Kyaukse (ကျောက်ဆည် မြို့) is town and capital of Kyaukse District in Mandalay Region, Myanmar.
Lüneburg (officially the Hanseatic City of Lüneburg, German: Hansestadt Lüneburg,, Low German Lümborg, Latin Luneburgum or Lunaburgum, Old High German Luneburc, Old Saxon Hliuni, Polabian Glain), also called Lunenburg in English, is a town in the German state of Lower Saxony.
The borough of Eastbourne, one of six local government districts in the English county of East Sussex, has around 40 extant churches and other places of worship.
The Little Zab or Lower Zab (al-Zāb al-Asfal; or Zêyê Biçûk;, Zâb-e Kuchak;, Zāba Taḥtāya) originates in Iran and joins the Tigris just south of Al Zab in the Kurdistan region of Iraq.
Liverpool is a city in North West England, with an estimated population of 491,500 in 2017.
The London Heavy Brigade, Royal Garrison Artillery was a unit of the British Territorial Force formed in 1908.
The Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports is a ceremonial official in the United Kingdom.
Loucelles is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II.
Malden is the biggest town of the Dutch municipality of Heumen, Gelderland.
Mandalay is the second-largest city and the last royal capital of Myanmar (Burma).
Maukkadaw is a village in Mingin Township, Kale District, in the Sagaing Region of western Burma.
Medenine (مدنين) is the major town in south-eastern Tunisia, south of the port of Gabès and the Island of Djerba, on the main route to Libya.
Meiktila is a city in central Burma on the banks of Meiktila Lake in the Mandalay Region at the junctions of the Bagan-Taunggyi, Yangon-Mandalay and Meiktila-Myingyan highways.
Merris is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
The Mesopotamian campaign was a campaign in the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I fought between the Allies represented by the British Empire, mostly troops from Britain, Australia and the British Indian, and the Central Powers, mostly of the Ottoman Empire.
Mont des Cats is a small hill (alt. 164m) near the town of Godewaersvelde, in French Flanders.
> Monywa is a city in >Sagaing Region, Myanmar, located 136 km north-west of Mandalay on the eastern bank of the River Chindwin.
Morbecque (Moerbeke) is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
Mosul (الموصل, مووسڵ, Māwṣil) is a major city in northern Iraq. Located some north of Baghdad, Mosul stands on the west bank of the Tigris, opposite the ancient Assyrian city of Nineveh on the east bank. The metropolitan area has grown to encompass substantial areas on both the "Left Bank" (east side) and the "Right Bank" (west side), as the two banks are described by the locals compared to the flow direction of Tigris. At the start of the 21st century, Mosul and its surrounds had an ethnically and religiously diverse population; the majority of Mosul's population were Arabs, with Assyrians, Armenians, Turkmens, Kurds, Yazidis, Shabakis, Mandaeans, Kawliya, Circassians in addition to other, smaller ethnic minorities. In religious terms, mainstream Sunni Islam was the largest religion, but with a significant number of followers of the Salafi movement and Christianity (the latter followed by the Assyrians and Armenians), as well as Shia Islam, Sufism, Yazidism, Shabakism, Yarsanism and Mandaeism. Mosul's population grew rapidly around the turn of the millennium and by 2004 was estimated to be 1,846,500. In 2014, the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant seized control of the city. The Iraqi government recaptured it in the 2016–2017 Battle of Mosul. Historically, important products of the area include Mosul marble and oil. The city of Mosul is home to the University of Mosul and its renowned Medical College, which together was one of the largest educational and research centers in Iraq and the Middle East. Mosul, together with the nearby Nineveh plains, is one of the historic centers for the Assyrians and their churches; the Assyrian Church of the East; its offshoot, the Chaldean Catholic Church; and the Syriac Orthodox Church, containing the tombs of several Old Testament prophets such as Jonah, some of which were destroyed by ISIL in July 2014.
Multan (Punjabi, Saraiki, مُلتان), is a Pakistani city and the headquarters of Multan District in the province of Punjab.
Mumbai (also known as Bombay, the official name until 1995) is the capital city of the Indian state of Maharashtra.
The Munich Agreement was a settlement permitting Nazi Germany's annexation of portions of Czechoslovakia along the country's borders mainly inhabited by German speakers, for which a new territorial designation, the "Sudetenland", was coined.
Myitnge River (မြစ်ငယ် or Nam Tu, also known as Dokhtawaddy River, is a major tributary of Ayeyarwady River (Irrawaddy) in Myanmar (Burma). The name Myitnge in Burmese and Dokhtawaddy in Pali both mean "little river", by contrast with the Ayeyarwady or "big river".
Ninfield is a village and civil parish in the Wealden District of East Sussex, England.
Norfolk is a county in East Anglia in England.
The Normandy landings were the landing operations on Tuesday, 6 June 1944 of the Allied invasion of Normandy in Operation Overlord during World War II.
Northumberland (abbreviated Northd) is a county in North East England.
Operation Baytown was an Allied amphibious landing on the mainland of Italy that took place on 3 September 1943, part of the Allied invasion of Italy, itself part of the Italian Campaign, during the Second World War.
Operation Epsom, also known as the First Battle of the Odon, was a British Second World War offensive that took place between 26 and 30 June 1944, during the Battle of Normandy.
During World War II, Operation Grenade was the crossing of the Roer river between Roermond and Düren by the U.S. Ninth Army, commanded by Lieutenant General William Hood Simpson, in February 1945, which marked the beginning of the Allied invasion of Germany.
Operation Market Garden (17–25 September 1944) was an unsuccessful Allied military operation planned, and predominantly led, by the British.
Operation Overlord was the codename for the Battle of Normandy, the Allied operation that launched the successful invasion of German-occupied Western Europe during World War II.
Beginning on the night of March 23, 1945 the 21st Army Group under Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery launched Operation Plunder, as a part of a coordinated set of Rhine crossings.
Operation Veritable (also known as the Battle of the Reichswald) was the northern part of an Allied pincer movement that took place between 8 February and 11 March 1945 during the final stages of the Second World War.
During World War II, Operation Zipper was a British plan to capture either Port Swettenham or Port Dickson, Malaya as staging areas for the recapture of Singapore in Operation Mailfist.
Operation Vulcan (22 April–6 May 1943) and Operation Strike (6–12 May 1943) were the final ground attack by the Allied forces against the Italian and German forces in Tunis, Cap Bon, and Bizerte, the last Axis toeholds in North Africa, during the Tunisia Campaign of the Second World War.
The Most Honourable Order of the Bath (formerly the Most Honourable Military Order of the Bath) is a British order of chivalry founded by George I on 18 May 1725.
The Ordnance BLC 15 pounder gun (BLC stood for BL Converted) was a modernised version of the obsolete BL 15 pounder 7 cwt gun, incorporating a recoil and recuperator mechanism above the barrel and a modified quicker-opening breech.
The Ordnance ML 3-inch mortar was the United Kingdom's standard mortar used by the British Army from the early 1930s to the late 1960s, superseding the Stokes mortar.
The Ordnance QF 18 pounder,British military traditionally denoted smaller ordnance by the weight of its standard projectile, in this case approximately or simply 18-pounder Gun, was the standard British Empire field gun of the First World War-era.
The Ordnance QF 25-pounder, or more simply 25-pounder or 25-pdr, was the major British field gun and howitzer during the Second World War, possessing a 3.45-inch (87.6 mm) calibre.
The Otterburn Army Training Estate (ATE) is a military training area near Otterburn, Northumberland, in northern England.
Oudenaarde (French Audenarde, English sometimes Oudenarde) is a Belgian municipality in the Flemish province of East Flanders.
Oxford is a city in the South East region of England and the county town of Oxfordshire.
Paluzawa is a village in Kalewa Township, Kale District, in the Sagaing Region of western Burma.
As the number of German armed forces committed to the North Africa Campaign of World War II grew from the initial commitment of a small corps the Germans developed a more elaborate command structure and placed the enlarged Afrika Korps, with Italian units under this new German command and a succession of commands were created to manage Axis forces in Africa.
Pevensey is a village and civil parish in the Wealden district of East Sussex, England.
The Port of Tilbury is located on the River Thames at Tilbury in Essex, England.
Punjab is a state in northern India.
The QF 3.7-inch AA was Britain's primary heavy anti-aircraft gun during World War II.
Ordnance, QF 3.7-inch howitzer is a mountain gun, used by British and Commonwealth armies in World War I and World War II, and between the wars.
The Ordnance QF 4.5-inch howitzer was the standard British Empire field (or ‘light’) howitzer of the First World War era.
Ranchi is the capital of the Indian state of Jharkhand.
Rawalpindi (Punjabi, راولپِنڈى), commonly known as Pindi (پِنڈی), is a city in the Punjab province of Pakistan.
A refugee camp is a temporary settlement built to receive refugees and people in refugee-like situations.
Renkum is a municipality and a town in the eastern Netherlands.
The second RMS Laconia was a Cunard ocean liner, built by Swan, Hunter & Wigham Richardson as a successor of the 1911-1917 ''Laconia''.
The Royal Army Service Corps (RASC) was a corps of the British Army responsible for land, coastal and lake transport, air despatch, barracks administration, the Army Fire Service, staffing headquarters' units, supply of food, water, fuel and domestic materials such as clothing, furniture and stationery and the supply of technical and military equipment.
The Royal Regiment of Artillery, commonly referred to as the Royal Artillery (RA) and colloquially known as "The Gunners", is the artillery arm of the British Army.
The Royal Field Artillery (RFA) of the British Army provided close artillery support for the infantry.
The Royal Garrison Artillery (RGA) was formed in 1899 as a distinct arm of the British Army's Royal Regiment of Artillery serving alongside the other two arms of the Regiment, the Royal Field Artillery (RFA) and the Royal Horse Artillery (RHA).
Sainte-Honorine-de-Ducy is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.
Sandbostel is a municipality in Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen) in northwestern Germany, 43 km north-east of Bremen, 60 km west of Hamburg.
The Scheldt (l'Escaut, Escô, Schelde) is a long river in northern France, western Belgium and the southwestern part of the Netherlands.
Second Army was a home service formation of the British Army during the First World War.
The Second Battle of El Alamein (23 October – 11 November 1942) was a battle of the Second World War that took place near the Egyptian railway halt of El Alamein. With the Allies victorious, it was the watershed of the Western Desert Campaign. The First Battle of El Alamein had prevented the Axis from advancing further into Egypt. In August 1942, Lieutenant-General Sir Bernard Law Montgomery took command of the Eighth Army following the sacking of General Claude Auchinleck and the death of his replacement Lieutenant-General William Gott in an air crash. The Allied victory turned the tide in the North African Campaign and ended the Axis threat to Egypt, the Suez Canal and the Middle Eastern and Persian oil fields via North Africa. The Second Battle of El Alamein revived the morale of the Allies, being the first big success against the Axis since Operation Crusader in late 1941. The battle coincided with the Allied invasion of French North Africa in Operation Torch, which started on 8 November, the Battle of Stalingrad and the Guadalcanal Campaign.
Secunderabad (also spelled sometimes as Sikandar-a-bad) is the twin city of Hyderabad located in the Indian state of Telangana.
The Sinai and Palestine Campaign of the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I was fought between the British Empire and the Ottoman Empire, supported by the German Empire.
Singapore, officially the Republic of Singapore, is a sovereign city-state and island country in Southeast Asia.
Lieutenant Colonel Sir Martin Alexander Lindsay, 1st Baronet, (22 August 1905 – 5 May 1981) was a British Army officer, polar explorer, politician and author.
South East England is the most populous of the nine official regions of England at the first level of NUTS for statistical purposes.
Southampton is the largest city in the ceremonial county of Hampshire, England.
Southern Command was a Command of the British Army.
Sri Lanka (Sinhala: ශ්රී ලංකා; Tamil: இலங்கை Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea.
St Leonards-on-Sea (commonly known as St Leonards) has been part of Hastings, East Sussex, England, since the late 19th century though it retains a sense of separate identity.
The Strait of Messina (Stretto di Messina), is a narrow strait between the eastern tip of Sicily (Punta del Faro) and the western tip of Calabria (Punta Pezzo) in the south of Italy.
The Suez Port is an Egyptian port located at the southern boundary of the Suez Canal.
Sussex, from the Old English Sūþsēaxe (South Saxons), is a historic county in South East England corresponding roughly in area to the ancient Kingdom of Sussex.
The Sussex Yeomanry is a yeomanry regiment of the British Army formed in 1794.
Tedim (တီတိန်မြို့; Official name Tiddim) is a town in and the administrative seat of Tedim Township, Chin State, in the north-western part of Burma.
The Territorial Decoration (TD) was a military medal of the United Kingdom awarded for long service in the Territorial Force and its successor, the Territorial Army.
The Territorial Force was a part-time volunteer organisation, created in 1908 to help meet the military needs of the United Kingdom (UK) without resorting to conscription.
The National Archives (TNA) is a non-ministerial government department.
Thomas Brassey, 1st Earl Brassey (11 February 1836 – 23 February 1918) was a British Liberal Party politician, Governor of Victoria and founder of The Naval Annual.
The Tiger I is a German heavy tank of World War II deployed from 1942 in Africa and Europe, usually in independent heavy tank battalions.
Batman River The Tigris (Sumerian: Idigna or Idigina; Akkadian: 𒁇𒄘𒃼; دجلة Dijlah; ܕܹܩܠܵܬ.; Տիգրիս Tigris; Դգլաթ Dglatʿ;, biblical Hiddekel) is the eastern member of the two great rivers that define Mesopotamia, the other being the Euphrates.
Tikrit (تكريت Tikrīt, ܬܓܪܝܬ) sometimes transliterated as Takrit or Tekrit, is a city in Iraq, located northwest of Baghdad and southeast of Mosul on the Tigris River.
Tilburg is a city in the Netherlands, in the southern province of North Brabant.
Tunisia (تونس; Berber: Tunes, ⵜⵓⵏⴻⵙ; Tunisie), officially the Republic of Tunisia, (الجمهورية التونسية) is a sovereign state in Northwest Africa, covering. Its northernmost point, Cape Angela, is the northernmost point on the African continent. It is bordered by Algeria to the west and southwest, Libya to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east. Tunisia's population was estimated to be just under 11.93 million in 2016. Tunisia's name is derived from its capital city, Tunis, which is located on its northeast coast. Geographically, Tunisia contains the eastern end of the Atlas Mountains, and the northern reaches of the Sahara desert. Much of the rest of the country's land is fertile soil. Its of coastline include the African conjunction of the western and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Basin and, by means of the Sicilian Strait and Sardinian Channel, feature the African mainland's second and third nearest points to Europe after Gibraltar. Tunisia is a unitary semi-presidential representative democratic republic. It is considered to be the only full democracy in the Arab World. It has a high human development index. It has an association agreement with the European Union; is a member of La Francophonie, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Arab Maghreb Union, the Arab League, the OIC, the Greater Arab Free Trade Area, the Community of Sahel-Saharan States, the African Union, the Non-Aligned Movement, the Group of 77; and has obtained the status of major non-NATO ally of the United States. In addition, Tunisia is also a member state of the United Nations and a state party to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. Close relations with Europe in particular with France and with Italy have been forged through economic cooperation, privatisation and industrial modernization. In ancient times, Tunisia was primarily inhabited by Berbers. Phoenician immigration began in the 12th century BC; these immigrants founded Carthage. A major mercantile power and a military rival of the Roman Republic, Carthage was defeated by the Romans in 146 BC. The Romans, who would occupy Tunisia for most of the next eight hundred years, introduced Christianity and left architectural legacies like the El Djem amphitheater. After several attempts starting in 647, the Muslims conquered the whole of Tunisia by 697, followed by the Ottoman Empire between 1534 and 1574. The Ottomans held sway for over three hundred years. The French colonization of Tunisia occurred in 1881. Tunisia gained independence with Habib Bourguiba and declared the Tunisian Republic in 1957. In 2011, the Tunisian Revolution resulted in the overthrow of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, followed by parliamentary elections. The country voted for parliament again on 26 October 2014, and for President on 23 November 2014.
The Twelfth Army was a British Army formation during the Second World War.
Ubbergen is a former municipality and a town in the eastern Netherlands, in the municipality of Berg en Dal (formerly known as Groesbeek).
Valkenswaard is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands, in the Metropoolregio Eindhoven of the province of North Brabant.
Vernon is a commune in the department of Eure in the Normandy region in northern France.
The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest award of the British honours system.
Victory in Europe Day, generally known as V-E Day, VE Day or simply V Day, celebrated on May 8, 1945 to mark the formal acceptance by the Allies of World War II of Nazi Germany's unconditional surrender of its armed forces.
The VII Corps of the United States Army was one of the two principal corps of the United States Army Europe during the Cold War.
The Volunteer Force was a citizen army of part-time rifle, artillery and engineer corps, created as a popular movement throughout the British Empire in 1859.
The Waal (Dutch) is the main distributary branch of the river Rhine flowing approximately through the Netherlands.
Wageningen is a municipality and a historic town in the central Netherlands, in the province of Gelderland.
The War Office was a department of the British Government responsible for the administration of the British Army between 1857 and 1964, when its functions were transferred to the Ministry of Defence.
Weeze is a municipality in the Lower Rhine (Niederrhein) region, in the northwestern part of North Rhine-Westphalia in the district of Kleve in the region of Düsseldorf.
The Weser is a river in Northwestern Germany.
The Western Front was the main theatre of war during the First World War.
The Willys MB and the Ford GPW, both formally called the U.S. Army Truck, 1/4 ton, 4x4, Command Reconnaissance, commonly known as Jeep or jeep, and sometimes referred to as '''G503''' According to its U.S. Army Ordnance Corps Supply Catalog designation — a group number for ordering parts, based on a standard nomenclature list.
Windsor is a historic market town and unparished area in the Royal Borough of Windsor and Maidenhead in Berkshire, England.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
XII Corps was an army corps of the British Army that fought in the First and Second World Wars.
XIII Corps was a corps-sized formation of the British Army that fought on the Western Front during the First World War and was reformed for service during the Second World War, serving in the Mediterranean and Middle East throughout its service.
XXX Corps (30 Corps) was a corps of the British Army during the Second World War.
The 100th Indian Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade formation of the Indian Army during World War II.
The 101st Airborne Division ("Screaming Eagles") is an elite modular specialized light infantry division of the US Army.
The 12th (Eastern) Division was an infantry division raised by the British Army during World War I from men volunteering for Kitchener's New Armies.
The 132nd Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that remained in British India during World War I. During World War II it served with the 44th (Home Counties) Infantry Division in Belgium and France, later being evacuated at Dunkirk and seeing service again in North Africa at El Alamein before being disbanded in January 1943.
The 158th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that served in both World War I and World War II before being disbanded in 1968.
The 15th (Scottish) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army that served with distinction in both World War I and World War II.
The 15th Indian Division was an infantry division of the British Indian Army that saw active service in the First World War.
The 16th Indian Division was an infantry division of the Indian Army during the First World War.
The 17th Indian Division was formed in 1917 from units of the British Indian Army for service in the Mesopotamia Campaign during World War I. After the war, it formed part of the occupation force for Iraq and took part in the Iraq Rebellion in 1920.
The 18th Indian Division was an infantry division of the British Indian Army that saw active service in the First World War.
The 1st Airborne Division was an airborne infantry division of the British Army during the Second World War.
The 1st Cinque Ports Artillery Volunteers was a part-time unit of the British Army's Royal Artillery from 1860 to 1956.
The 1st Sussex Artillery Volunteers was a part-time unit of the British Army's Royal Artillery from 1859 to 1961.
The 20th Indian Infantry Division was an infantry division of the Indian Army during World War II, formed in India, and took part in the Burma Campaign during World War II.
The 21st Army Group was a World War II British headquarters formation, in command of two field armies and other supporting units, consisting primarily of the British Second Army and the First Canadian Army.
The 2nd Infantry Division was a Regular Army infantry division of the British Army, with a long history.
The 32nd Indian Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade formation of the Indian Army during the Second World War.
The 3rd (Lahore) Division was an infantry division of the British Indian Army, first organised in 1852.
The 3rd Canadian Division is a formation of the Canadian Army.
The 3rd (United Kingdom) Division, known at various times as the Iron Division, 3rd (Iron) Division, Monty's Iron Sides or as Iron Sides;Delaforce is a regular army division of the British Army.
The 3rd Lahore Divisional Area was an infantry division of the British Indian Army that formed part of the Indian Army during the First World War.
The 43rd (Wessex) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army.
The Home Counties Division was an infantry division of the Territorial Force, part of the British Army, that was raised in 1908.
The 44th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service in both World War I and World War II with 15th (Scottish) Division.
The 2nd London Division was a 2nd Line Territorial Army (TA) infantry division of the British Army, duplicate of the 1st London Division, during the Second World War.
The IV Home Counties (Howitzer) Brigade, Royal Field Artillery was a new volunteer unit formed in Kent as part of the Territorial Force (TF) in 1908.
The 50th Parachute Brigade is a brigade-sized formation of the Indian Army, first formed in 1941.
The 51st (Highland) Division was an infantry division of the British Army that fought on the Western Front in France during the First World War from 1915 to 1918.
The 53rd (Welsh) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army that fought in both World War I and World War II.
The 54th Indian Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Indian Army that saw active service with the Indian Army during the First World War.
59th Army Group Royal Artillery was an artillery formation of the British Army in World War II.
The 2nd Home Counties Division was a 2nd Line Territorial Force division of the British Army in World War I. The division was formed as a duplicate of the 44th (Home Counties) Division in November 1914.
The 69th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade formation of the British Army in World War II.
The 7th Armoured Division was an armoured division of the British Army that saw distinguished active service during World War II, where its exploits in the Western Desert Campaign gained it the Desert Rats nickname.
The Meerut Cavalry Brigade was a cavalry brigade of the British Indian Army formed in 1904 as a result of the Kitchener Reforms.
The 80th Indian Infantry Brigade was an Infantry formation of the Indian Army during World War II.
The 82nd Airborne Division is an airborne infantry division of the United States Army, specializing in parachute assault operations into denied areas.
The 84th Training Command ("Railsplitters") is a formation of the United States Army.
114th (Sussex) Field Regiment, Royal Artillery, 114th (Sussex) Jungle Field Regiment, Royal Artillery, 221st Brigade, Royal Field Artillery, 258th (Sussex) Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery, 258th (Sussex) Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery, 2nd Cinque Ports Royal Garrison Artillery (Volunteers), 2nd Home Counties Brigade, Royal Field Artillery, 336th Brigade, Royal Field Artillery, 58th (Home Counties) Brigade, Royal Field Artillery, 58th (Home Counties) Field Brigade, Royal Artillery, 58th (Sussex) Field Regiment, Royal Artillery, 6th Cinque Ports Artillery Volunteers, 7th Cinque Ports Artillery Volunteers, 84th (Sussex) Medium Regiment, Royal Artillery, 9th Cinque Ports Artillery Volunteers.