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3-Methylglutaconic aciduria

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3-Methylglutaconic aciduria (MGA) is any of at least five metabolic disorders that impair the body's ability to make energy in the mitochondria. [1]

23 relations: Acid strength, Amino acid, Apoptosis, Barth syndrome, Canada, Chromosome, Clinical urine tests, Costeff syndrome, DNAJC19, Dominance (genetics), Iraq, Jews, Locus (genetics), Metabolic disorder, Methylglutaconyl-CoA hydratase, Mitochondrion, Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man, OPA3, Organic acid, Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean, Speech delay, Tafazzin, 3-Methylglutaconic acid.

Acid strength

The strength of an acid refers to its ability or tendency to lose a proton (H+).

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Amino acid

Amino acids are organic compounds containing amine (-NH2) and carboxyl (-COOH) functional groups, along with a side chain (R group) specific to each amino acid.

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Apoptosis

Apoptosis (from Ancient Greek ἀπόπτωσις "falling off") is a process of programmed cell death that occurs in multicellular organisms.

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Barth syndrome

Barth syndrome (BTHS), also known as 3-Methylglutaconic aciduria type II, is an X-linked genetic disorder.

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Canada

Canada is a country located in the northern part of North America.

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Chromosome

A chromosome (from Ancient Greek: χρωμόσωμα, chromosoma, chroma means colour, soma means body) is a DNA molecule with part or all of the genetic material (genome) of an organism.

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Clinical urine tests

Clinical urine tests are various tests of urine for diagnostic purposes.

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Costeff syndrome

Costeff syndrome, or 3-methylglutaconic aciduria type III, is a genetic disorder caused by mutations in the OPA3 gene.

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DNAJC19

Mitochondrial import inner membrane translocase subunit TIM14 is an enzyme that in humans is encoded by the DNAJC19 gene on chromosome 3.

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Dominance (genetics)

Dominance in genetics is a relationship between alleles of one gene, in which the effect on phenotype of one allele masks the contribution of a second allele at the same locus.

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Iraq

Iraq (or; العراق; عێراق), officially known as the Republic of Iraq (جُمُهورية العِراق; کۆماری عێراق), is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west.

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Jews

Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation) or Jewish people are an ethnoreligious group and a nation, originating from the Israelites Israelite origins and kingdom: "The first act in the long drama of Jewish history is the age of the Israelites""The people of the Kingdom of Israel and the ethnic and religious group known as the Jewish people that descended from them have been subjected to a number of forced migrations in their history" and Hebrews of the Ancient Near East.

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Locus (genetics)

A locus (plural loci) in genetics is a fixed position on a chromosome, like the position of a gene or a marker (genetic marker).

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Metabolic disorder

A metabolic disorder can happen when abnormal chemical reactions in the body alter the normal metabolic process.

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Methylglutaconyl-CoA hydratase

3-Methylglutaconyl-CoA hydratase, also known as MG-CoA hydratase and AUH, is an enzyme encoded by the AUH gene on chromosome 19.

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Mitochondrion

The mitochondrion (plural mitochondria) is a double-membrane-bound organelle found in most eukaryotic organisms.

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Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man

Online Mendelian Inheritance in Man (OMIM) is a continuously updated catalog of human genes and genetic disorders and traits, with a particular focus on the gene-phenotype relationship.

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OPA3

Optic atrophy 3 protein is a protein that in humans is encoded by the OPA3 gene.

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Organic acid

An organic acid is an organic compound with acidic properties.

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Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean

Saguenay–Lac-Saint-Jean is a region in Quebec, Canada.

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Speech delay

Speech delay, also known as alalia, refers to a delay in the development or use of the mechanisms that produce speech.

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Tafazzin

Tafazzin is a protein that in humans is encoded by the TAZ gene.

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3-Methylglutaconic acid

3-Methylglutaconic acid is a glutarate which builds up in the urine in 3-methylglutaconic aciduria or 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaric aciduria.

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Redirects here:

3 methylglutaconyl coa hydratase deficiency, 3-Methylglutaconic acidemia, 3-Methylglutaconic aciduria type 1, 3-Methylglutaconic aciduria type 3, 3-Methylglutaconic aciduria type 4, 3-Methylglutaconic aciduria type 5, 3-Methylglutaconic aciduria type I, 3-Methylglutaconic aciduria type III, 3-Methylglutaconic aciduria type IV, 3-Methylglutaconic aciduria type V, 3-Methylglutaconyl-CoA Hydratase Deficiency, 3-methyl glutaconic aciduria, 3-methylglutaconic aciduria, 3MGA, MGA type 1, MGA type 3, MGA type 4, MGA type 5, MGA type I, MGA type III, MGA type IV, MGA type V.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/3-Methylglutaconic_aciduria

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