27 relations: Beta oxidation, Biomolecular structure, Branched-chain amino acid, Butyric acid, Caprolactam, Catalysis, Chemical reaction, EHHADH, Enzyme, Fatty acid metabolism, Fatty acid synthesis, HSD17B10, HSD17B4, Hydrogen ion, Hydroxy group, Hydroxyacyl-Coenzyme A dehydrogenase, Ketone, List of enzymes, Lysine, Metabolism, Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, Oxidoreductase, Product (chemistry), Protein Data Bank, Redox, Substrate (chemistry), Tryptophan.
In biochemistry and metabolism, beta-oxidation is the catabolic process by which fatty acid molecules are broken down in the cytosol in prokaryotes and in the mitochondria in eukaryotes to generate acetyl-CoA, which enters the citric acid cycle, and NADH and FADH2, which are co-enzymes used in the electron transport chain.
Biomolecular structure is the intricate folded, three-dimensional shape that is formed by a molecule of protein, DNA, or RNA, and that is important to its function.
A branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) is an amino acid having aliphatic side-chains with a branch (a central carbon atom bound to three or more carbon atoms).
Butyric acid (from βούτῡρον, meaning "butter"), also known under the systematic name butanoic acid, abbreviated BTA, is a carboxylic acid with the structural formula CH3CH2CH2-COOH.
Caprolactam (CPL) is an organic compound with the formula (CH2)5C(O)NH.
Catalysis is the increase in the rate of a chemical reaction due to the participation of an additional substance called a catalysthttp://goldbook.iupac.org/C00876.html, which is not consumed in the catalyzed reaction and can continue to act repeatedly.
A chemical reaction is a process that leads to the transformation of one set of chemical substances to another.
EHHADH is a human gene that encodes for a bifunctional enzyme and is one of the four enzymes of the peroxisomal beta-oxidation pathway.
Enzymes are macromolecular biological catalysts.
Fatty acid metabolism consists of catabolic processes that generate energy, and anabolic processes that create biologically important molecules (triglycerides, phospholipids, second messengers, local hormones and ketone bodies).
Fatty acid synthesis is the creation of fatty acids from acetyl-CoA and NADPH through the action of enzymes called fatty acid synthases.
17-β-Hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase X (HSD10) also known as 3-hydroxyacyl-CoA dehydrogenase type-2 is a mitochondrial enzyme that in humans is encoded by the HSD17B10 (hydroxysteroid (17β) dehydrogenase 10) gene.
D-bifunctional protein (DBP), also known as peroxisomal multifunctional enzyme type 2 (MFP-2), as well as 17β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type IV (17β-HSD type IV) is a protein that in humans is encoded by the HSD17B4 gene.
A hydrogen ion is created when a hydrogen atom loses or gains an electron.
A hydroxy or hydroxyl group is the entity with the formula OH.
Hydroxyacyl-Coenzyme A dehydrogenase also known as HADH is an enzyme which in humans is encoded by the HADH gene.
In chemistry, a ketone (alkanone) is an organic compound with the structure RC(.
This page lists enzymes by their classification in the International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology's Enzyme Commission numbering system.
Lysine (symbol Lys or K) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
Metabolism (from μεταβολή metabolē, "change") is the set of life-sustaining chemical transformations within the cells of organisms.
Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) is a coenzyme found in all living cells.
In biochemistry, an oxidoreductase is an enzyme that catalyzes the transfer of electrons from one molecule, the reductant, also called the electron donor, to another, the oxidant, also called the electron acceptor.
Products are the species formed from chemical reactions.
The Protein Data Bank (PDB) is a crystallographic database for the three-dimensional structural data of large biological molecules, such as proteins and nucleic acids.
Redox (short for reduction–oxidation reaction) (pronunciation: or) is a chemical reaction in which the oxidation states of atoms are changed.
In chemistry, a substrate is typically the chemical species being observed in a chemical reaction, which reacts with a reagent to generate a product.
Tryptophan (symbol Trp or W) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.