115 relations: Additive Manufacturing File Format, Algorithm, Architectural model, Architecture, Autodesk 3ds Max, Autodesk Maya, Blender (software), Boundary representation, Building information modeling, CGTrader, Cinema 4D, Circumference, Cloth modeling, Computer facial animation, Computer simulation, Computer-aided design, Computer-aided technologies, Cone, Constructive solid geometry, Controlled vocabulary, Coordinate system, CT scan, Digimation, Digital geometry, Digital sculpting, Earth science, Edge loop, Evolver (website), Film, Fluid, Geologic modelling, Geometric primitive, Google Arts & Culture, Google Street View, GrabCAD, Graphic art software, Implicit surface, Industrial computed tomography, Industrial design, Interior design, Jon Radoff, Knowledge representation and reasoning, Lands' End, Level set, LightWave 3D, List of 3D modeling software, List of common 3D test models, Magnetic resonance imaging, Manifold, Marching cubes, ..., Martin Newell (computer scientist), Modo (software), MyMiniFactory, Non-uniform rational B-spline, Numerical control, Open Cascade Technology, Particle system, PC game, Personal computer, Photorealism, Physical body, Pinshape, Plastic arts, Point (geometry), Polygon, Polygon mesh, Polygonal modeling, Poser, POV-Ray, Procedural modeling, Raster graphics, Rasterisation, Realsoft 3D, Rendering (computer graphics), Resource Description Framework, Scaling (geometry), Scenic design, Science, Sculpture, Second Life, Semantic Web, Shading, Shapeways, SIGGRAPH, Sketchfab, Sphere, Springer Science+Business Media, Sprite (computer graphics), Square, Stanford bunny, Subdivision surface, Surface (mathematics), Tessellation, Tessellation (computer graphics), Texture mapping, Texture splatting, Thingiverse, Three-dimensional space, Threeding, Triangle mesh, TrueSpace, TurboSquid, Unstructured data, Utah teapot, Video game, Video game industry, Voxel, Web Ontology Language, X3D, 2.5D, 3D computer graphics, 3D printing, 3D printing marketplace, 3D rendering, 3D scanner. Expand index (65 more) » « Shrink index
Additive Manufacturing File Format (AMF) is an open standard for describing objects for additive manufacturing processes such as 3D printing.
In mathematics and computer science, an algorithm is an unambiguous specification of how to solve a class of problems.
An architectural model is a type of scale model - a physical representation of a structure - built to study aspects of an architectural design or to communicate design ideas.
Architecture is both the process and the product of planning, designing, and constructing buildings or any other structures.
Autodesk 3ds Max, formerly 3D Studio and 3D Studio Max, is a professional 3D computer graphics program for making 3D animations, models, games and images.
Autodesk Maya, commonly shortened to Maya, is a 3D computer graphics application that runs on Windows, macOS and Linux, originally developed by Alias Systems Corporation (formerly Alias|Wavefront) and currently owned and developed by Autodesk, Inc. It is used to create interactive 3D applications, including video games, animated film, TV series, or visual effects.
Blender is a professional, free and open-source 3D computer graphics software toolset used for creating animated films, visual effects, art, 3D printed models, interactive 3D applications and video games.
In solid modeling and computer-aided design, boundary representation—often abbreviated as B-rep or BREP—is a method for representing shapes using the limits.
Building information modeling (BIM) is a process involving the generation and management of digital representations of physical and functional characteristics of places.
CGTrader is a company running an online 3D model marketplace of the same name.
CINEMA 4D is a 3D modeling, animation, motion graphic and rendering application developed by MAXON Computer GmbH in Germany.
In geometry, the circumference (from Latin circumferentia, meaning "carrying around") of a circle is the (linear) distance around it.
Cloth modeling is the term used for simulating cloth within a computer program; usually in the context of 3D computer graphics.
Computer facial animation is primarily an area of computer graphics that encapsulates methods and techniques for generating and animating images or models of a character face.
Computer simulation is the reproduction of the behavior of a system using a computer to simulate the outcomes of a mathematical model associated with said system.
Computer-aided design (CAD) is the use of computer systems to aid in the creation, modification, analysis, or optimization of a design.
Computer-aided technologies (CAx) is the use of computer technology to aid in the design, analysis, and manufacture of products.
A cone is a three-dimensional geometric shape that tapers smoothly from a flat base (frequently, though not necessarily, circular) to a point called the apex or vertex.
Constructive solid geometry (CSG) (formerly called computational binary solid geometry) is a technique used in solid modeling.
Controlled vocabularies provide a way to organize knowledge for subsequent retrieval.
In geometry, a coordinate system is a system which uses one or more numbers, or coordinates, to uniquely determine the position of the points or other geometric elements on a manifold such as Euclidean space.
A CT scan, also known as computed tomography scan, makes use of computer-processed combinations of many X-ray measurements taken from different angles to produce cross-sectional (tomographic) images (virtual "slices") of specific areas of a scanned object, allowing the user to see inside the object without cutting.
Digimation is a provider of 3D digital content and 3D plug-in tools.
Digital geometry deals with discrete sets (usually discrete point sets) considered to be digitized models or images of objects of the 2D or 3D Euclidean space.
Digital sculpting, also known as sculpt modeling or 3D sculpting, is the use of software that offers tools to push, pull, smooth, grab, pinch or otherwise manipulate a digital object as if it were made of a real-life substance such as clay.
Earth science or geoscience is a widely embraced term for the fields of natural science related to the planet Earth.
An edge loop, in computer graphics, can loosely be defined as a set of connected edges across a surface.
Evolver was the first solution to provide a central portal to design, manage and transport 3D digital avatars.
A film, also called a movie, motion picture, moving pícture, theatrical film, or photoplay, is a series of still images that, when shown on a screen, create the illusion of moving images.
In physics, a fluid is a substance that continually deforms (flows) under an applied shear stress.
Geologic modelling, Geological modelling or Geomodelling is the applied science of creating computerized representations of portions of the Earth's crust based on geophysical and geological observations made on and below the Earth surface.
The term geometric primitive, or prim, in computer graphics and CAD systems is used in various senses, with the common meaning of the simplest (i.e. 'atomic' or irreducible) geometric objects that the system can handle (draw, store).
Google Arts & Culture (formerly Google Art Project) is an online platform through which the public can access high-resolution images of artworks housed in the initiative’s partner museums.
Google Street View is a technology featured in Google Maps and Google Earth that provides panoramic views from positions along many streets in the world.
GrabCAD, Inc. is a Cambridge, Massachusetts-based startup that has created a free cloud-based collaboration solution that helps engineering teams manage, view and share CAD files.
Graphic art software is a subclass of application software used for graphic design, multimedia development, stylized image development, technical illustration, general image editing, or simply to access graphic files.
In mathematics an implicit surface is a surface in Euclidean space defined by an equation An implicit surface is the set of zeros of a function of three variables.
Industrial computed tomography (CT) scanning is any computer-aided tomographic process, usually X-ray computed tomography, that uses irradiation to produce three-dimensional internal and external representations of a scanned object.
Industrial design is a process of design applied to products that are to be manufactured through techniques of mass production.
Interior design is the art and science of enhancing the interior of a building to achieve a healthier and more aesthetically pleasing environment for the people using the space.
Jon Radoff (born September 17, 1972) is an American entrepreneur, author and game designer.
Knowledge representation and reasoning (KR, KR², KR&R) is the field of artificial intelligence (AI) dedicated to representing information about the world in a form that a computer system can utilize to solve complex tasks such as diagnosing a medical condition or having a dialog in a natural language.
Lands' End is an American clothing retailer based in Dodgeville, Wisconsin, that specializes in casual clothing, luggage, and home furnishings.
In mathematics, a level set of a real-valued function ''f'' of ''n'' real variables is a set of the form that is, a set where the function takes on a given constant value c. When the number of variables is two, a level set is generically a curve, called a level curve, contour line, or isoline.
LightWave 3D is a 3D computer graphics software developed by NewTek.
Following is a list of notable 3D modeling software, computer programs used for developing a mathematical representation of any three-dimensional surface of objects, also called 3D modeling.
This is a list of models and meshes commonly used in 3D computer graphics for testing and demonstrating rendering algorithms and visual effects.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a medical imaging technique used in radiology to form pictures of the anatomy and the physiological processes of the body in both health and disease.
In mathematics, a manifold is a topological space that locally resembles Euclidean space near each point.
Marching cubes is a computer graphics algorithm, published in the 1987 SIGGRAPH proceedings by Lorensen and Cline, for extracting a polygonal mesh of an isosurface from a three-dimensional discrete scalar field (sometimes called a voxel).
Martin Edward Newell is a British-born computer scientist specializing in computer graphics who is perhaps best known as the creator of the Utah teapot computer model.
Modo (stylized as MODO, originally modo) is a polygon and subdivision surface modeling, sculpting, 3D painting, animation and rendering package developed by Luxology, LLC, which is now merged with and known as Foundry.
MyMiniFactory is a website for the free sharing of 3D printable files.
Non-uniform rational basis spline (NURBS) is a mathematical model commonly used in computer graphics for generating and representing curves and surfaces.
Computer numerical control (CNC) is the automation of machine tools by means of computers executing pre-programmed sequences of machine control commands.
Open Cascade Technology (OCCT), formerly called CAS.CADE, is an open-source software development platform for 3D CAD, CAM, CAE, etc.
A particle system is a technique in game physics, motion graphics, and computer graphics that uses a large number of very small sprites, 3D models, or other graphic objects to simulate certain kinds of "fuzzy" phenomena, which are otherwise very hard to reproduce with conventional rendering techniques - usually highly chaotic systems, natural phenomena, or processes caused by chemical reactions.
PC games, also known as computer games or personal computer games, are video games played on a personal computer rather than a dedicated video game console or arcade machine.
A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use.
Photorealism is a genre of art that encompasses painting, drawing and other graphic media, in which an artist studies a photograph and then attempts to reproduce the image as realistically as possible in another medium.
In physics, a physical body or physical object (or simply a body or object) is an identifiable collection of matter, which may be constrained by an identifiable boundary, and may move as a unit by translation or rotation, in 3-dimensional space.
Pinshape Inc. is an online 3D printing community and marketplace with headquarters in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
Plastic arts are art forms which involve physical manipulation of a plastic medium by moulding or modeling such as sculpture or ceramics.
In modern mathematics, a point refers usually to an element of some set called a space.
In elementary geometry, a polygon is a plane figure that is bounded by a finite chain of straight line segments closing in a loop to form a closed polygonal chain or circuit.
A polygon mesh is a collection of, s and s that defines the shape of a polyhedral object in 3D computer graphics and solid modeling.
In 3D computer graphics, Polygonal modeling is an approach for modeling objects by representing or approximating their surfaces using polygons.
Poser is a 3D computer graphics program distributed by Smith Micro Software.
The Persistence of Vision Ray Tracer, or POV-Ray, is a ray tracing program which generates images from a text-based scene description, and is available for a variety of computer platforms.
Procedural modeling is an umbrella term for a number of techniques in computer graphics to create 3D models and textures from sets of rules.
In computer graphics, a raster graphics or bitmap image is a dot matrix data structure that represents a generally rectangular grid of pixels (points of color), viewable via a monitor, paper, or other display medium.
Rasterisation (or rasterization) is the task of taking an image described in a vector graphics format (shapes) and converting it into a raster image (pixels or dots) for output on a video display or printer, or for storage in a bitmap file format.
Realsoft 3D is a modeling and raytracing application created by Realsoft Graphics Oy.
Rendering or image synthesis is the automatic process of generating a photorealistic or non-photorealistic image from a 2D or 3D model (or models in what collectively could be called a scene file) by means of computer programs.
The Resource Description Framework (RDF) is a family of World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) specifications originally designed as a metadata data model.
In Euclidean geometry, uniform scaling (or isotropic scaling) is a linear transformation that enlarges (increases) or shrinks (diminishes) objects by a scale factor that is the same in all directions.
Scenic design (also known as scenography, stage design, set design, or production design) is the creation of theatrical, as well as film or television scenery.
R. P. Feynman, The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Vol.1, Chaps.1,2,&3.
Sculpture is the branch of the visual arts that operates in three dimensions.
Second Life is an online virtual world, developed and owned by the San Francisco-based firm Linden Lab and launched on June 23, 2003.
The Semantic Web is an extension of the World Wide Web through standards by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C).
Shading refers to depicting depth perception in 3D models or illustrations by varying levels of darkness.
Shapeways is a Dutch-founded, New York-based 3D printing marketplace and service, startup company.
SIGGRAPH (Special Interest Group on Computer GRAPHics and Interactive Techniques) is the annual conference on computer graphics (CG) convened by the ACM SIGGRAPH organization.
Sketchfab is a platform to publish, share, discover, buy and sell 3D, VR and AR content.
A sphere (from Greek σφαῖρα — sphaira, "globe, ball") is a perfectly round geometrical object in three-dimensional space that is the surface of a completely round ball (viz., analogous to the circular objects in two dimensions, where a "circle" circumscribes its "disk").
Springer Science+Business Media or Springer, part of Springer Nature since 2015, is a global publishing company that publishes books, e-books and peer-reviewed journals in science, humanities, technical and medical (STM) publishing.
In computer graphics, a sprite is a two-dimensional bitmap that is integrated into a larger scene.
In geometry, a square is a regular quadrilateral, which means that it has four equal sides and four equal angles (90-degree angles, or (100-gradian angles or right angles). It can also be defined as a rectangle in which two adjacent sides have equal length. A square with vertices ABCD would be denoted.
The Stanford bunny is a computer graphics 3D test model developed by Greg Turk and Marc Levoy in 1994 at Stanford University.
A subdivision surface, in the field of 3D computer graphics, is a method of representing a smooth surface via the specification of a coarser piecewise linear polygon mesh.
In mathematics, a surface is a generalization of a plane which needs not be flat, that is, the curvature is not necessarily zero.
A tessellation of a flat surface is the tiling of a plane using one or more geometric shapes, called tiles, with no overlaps and no gaps.
In computer graphics, tessellation is used to manage datasets of polygons (sometimes called vertex sets) presenting objects in a scene and divide them into suitable structures for rendering.
Texture mapping is a method for defining high frequency detail, surface texture, or color information on a computer-generated graphic or 3D model.
In computer graphics, texture splatting is a method for combining different textures.
Thingiverse is a website dedicated to the sharing of user-created digital design files.
Three-dimensional space (also: 3-space or, rarely, tri-dimensional space) is a geometric setting in which three values (called parameters) are required to determine the position of an element (i.e., point).
Threeding is an online 3D Printing Marketplace and community for trading and free exchange of files ready for 3D printing.
A triangle mesh is a type of polygon mesh in computer graphics.
TrueSpace (styled as trueSpace) was a commercial 3D computer graphics and animation software developed by Caligari Corporation, bought-out by Microsoft.
TurboSquid is a digital media company that sells stock 3D models used in 3D graphics to a variety of industries, including computer games, architecture, and interactive training.
Unstructured data (or unstructured information) is information that either does not have a pre-defined data model or is not organized in a pre-defined manner.
The Utah teapot, or the Newell teapot, is a 3D test model that has become a standard reference object and an in-joke within the computer graphics community.
A video game is an electronic game that involves interaction with a user interface to generate visual feedback on a video device such as a TV screen or computer monitor.
The video game industry is the economic sector involved in the development, marketing, and monetization of video games.
A voxel represents a value on a regular grid in three-dimensional space.
The Web Ontology Language (OWL) is a family of knowledge representation languages for authoring ontologies.
X3D is a royalty-free ISO standard for declaratively representing 3D computer graphics.
The two-and-a-half-dimensional (2.5D, alternatively three-quarter and pseudo-3D) perspective is either 2D graphical projections and similar techniques used to cause images or scenes to simulate the appearance of being three-dimensional (3D) when in fact they are not, or gameplay in an otherwise three-dimensional video game that is restricted to a two-dimensional plane or has a virtual camera with a fixed angle.
3D computer graphics or three-dimensional computer graphics, (in contrast to 2D computer graphics) are graphics that use a three-dimensional representation of geometric data (often Cartesian) that is stored in the computer for the purposes of performing calculations and rendering 2D images.
3D printing is any of various processes in which material is joined or solidified under computer control to create a three-dimensional object, with material being added together (such as liquid molecules or powder grains being fused together).
A 3D printing marketplace is a website where users buy, sell and freely share digital 3D printable files for use on 3D printers.
3D rendering is the 3D computer graphics process of automatically converting 3D wire frame models into 2D images on a computer.
A 3D scanner is a device that analyses a real-world object or environment to collect data on its shape and possibly its appearance (e.g. colour).
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