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3D printing

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3D printing is any of various processes in which material is joined or solidified under computer control to create a three-dimensional object, with material being added together (such as liquid molecules or powder grains being fused together). [1]

200 relations: Acetone, Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene, Actuator, Additive Manufacturing File Format, Adhesive, Agile tooling, Airbus A350 XWB, Alain Le Mehaute, Aluminium, Analog Science Fiction and Fact, Animal testing, Artec 3D, Asthma, AstroPrint, Automation, Bar stock, Bikini, Binder (material), Biotechnology, British Museum, Business Insider, Carbon nanofiber, Carbon nanotube, Carnegie Mellon University, Casting, Chuck Hull, CILAS, Cloud manufacturing, Commons-based peer production, Computer-aided design, Continual improvement process, Continuous Liquid Interface Production, Copyright, Council on Foreign Relations, Cultural heritage, Curing (chemistry), DeCSS, Defense Distributed, Design for additive manufacturing, Desktop publishing, Digital camera, Disintermediation, Do it yourself, Dots per inch, Dust explosion, Early adopter, Electrical discharge machining, Electron-beam additive manufacturing, Eurofighter Typhoon, European Agency for Safety and Health at Work, ..., Europol, Extrusion, Fastener, Financial Times, Forbes, Fraunhofer Society, Fused filament fabrication, Fuselage, Fusion3, Futurist, G-code, Gas metal arc welding, GE Aviation, Gear, General Electric, Globalization, Granuloma, Gun control, Hacker culture, High voltage, Hod Lipson, Holly Rushmeier, Hydroforming, Hyponymy and hypernymy, Industrial design right, Inflammation, Injection molding machine, Injection moulding, Inkjet printing, Israeli Air Force, Jeremy Rifkin, Job production, Joint, Joint Regional Intelligence Center, Jurisprudence, Koenigsegg, Laminated object manufacturing, Laser, Laser cutting, Laser printing, Lawrence Summers, Lead time, Light-emitting diode, Limbitless Solutions, List of 3D printed weapons and parts, List of 3D printer manufacturers, List of common 3D test models, List of emerging technologies, Local Motors, Machining, Magnetically assisted slip casting, Maker culture, MakerBot, Manufacturing, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Mental model, Metal fabrication, Metal powder, Metalworking, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Michael Spence, Micrometer, Milling (machining), Modern Machine Shop, MyMiniFactory, Nagoya, Nanoparticle, Nanotoxicology, Naomi Wu, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Numerical control, Occupational exposure limit, Open-source hardware, Open-Source Lab (book), Organ-on-a-chip, Paradox, Patent, PC Magazine, Personal protective equipment, Photogrammetry, Photopolymer, Pinshape, Plaster, Polymer, Polymerization, Powder bed and inkjet head 3D printing, Powertrain, Print on demand, Production line, Prototype, Pulmonary fibrosis, Rapid prototyping, Raw material, Resin, Respirator, Retronym, Ripping, Robot welding, Royal Air Force, S. Scott Crump, Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics, Selective laser melting, Selective laser sintering, Self-replicating machine, Solidscape, Stamping (metalworking), Stanford University, Steel, Stereolithography, STL (file format), Stratasys, Supercar, Supply chain, Sustainable development, Synonym, Technical standard, The Atlantic, The Pirate Bay, The Third Industrial Revolution, Thermoplastic, Thermosetting polymer, Thingiverse, Three-dimensional space, Threeding, Titanium alloy, Toolroom, Trademark, TU Wien, Turbine, Two-photon absorption, Ultimaker, Ultrafine particle, Ultraviolet, Ultraviolet index, Umbrella term, United States Air Force, United States Department of Homeland Security, Vehicle frame, Ventilation (architecture), Volatile organic compound, Volumetric printing, Word sense, Z Corporation, 3D bioprinting, 3D Manufacturing Format, 3D modeling, 3D printed firearms, 3D printing processes, 3D scanner, 3D Systems. Expand index (150 more) »


Acetone (systematically named propanone) is the organic compound with the formula (CH3)2CO.

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Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene

Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) (chemical formula (C8H8)x·(C4H6)y·(C3H3N)z) is a common thermoplastic polymer.

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An actuator is a component of a machine that is responsible for moving and controlling a mechanism or system, for example by opening a valve.

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Additive Manufacturing File Format

Additive Manufacturing File Format (AMF) is an open standard for describing objects for additive manufacturing processes such as 3D printing.

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An adhesive, also known as glue, cement, mucilage, or paste, is any substance applied to one surface, or both surfaces, of two separate items that binds them together and resists their separation.

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Agile tooling

Agile tooling is the design and fabrication of manufacturing related-tools such as dies, molds, patterns, jigs and fixtures in a configuration that aims to maximise the tools' performance, minimise manufacturing time and cost, and avoid delay in prototyping.

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Airbus A350 XWB

The Airbus A350 XWB is a family of long-range, twin-engine wide-body jet airliners developed by European aerospace manufacturer Airbus.

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Alain Le Mehaute

Alain Le Mehaute (fr. Alain Le Méhauté; born November 21, 1947) is a French engineer-chemist and inventor.

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Aluminium or aluminum is a chemical element with symbol Al and atomic number 13.

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Analog Science Fiction and Fact

Analog Science Fiction and Fact is an American science-fiction magazine published under various titles since 1930.

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Animal testing

Animal testing, also known as animal experimentation, animal research and in vivo testing, is the use of non-human animals in experiments that seek to control the variables that affect the behavior or biological system under study.

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Artec 3D

Artec 3D is a developer and manufacturer of 3D scanning hardware and software.

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Asthma is a common long-term inflammatory disease of the airways of the lungs.

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AstroPrint is a cloud platform and application marketplace designed for consumer 3D printing by 3DaGoGo Inc., a private San Diego based technology company.

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Automation is the technology by which a process or procedure is performed without human assistance.

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Bar stock

Bar stock, also (colloquially) known as blank, slug or billet, is a common form of raw purified metal, used by industry to manufacture metal parts and products.

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Bikini typically describes a women's simple two-piece swimsuit featuring two triangles of fabric on top, similar to a bra and covering the woman's breasts, and two triangles of fabric on the bottom, the front covering the pelvis but exposing the navel, and the back covering the buttocks.

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Binder (material)

A binder or binding agent is any material or substance that holds or draws other materials together to form a cohesive whole mechanically, chemically, by adhesion or cohesion.

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Biotechnology is the broad area of science involving living systems and organisms to develop or make products, or "any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use" (UN Convention on Biological Diversity, Art. 2).

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British Museum

The British Museum, located in the Bloomsbury area of London, United Kingdom, is a public institution dedicated to human history, art and culture.

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Business Insider

Business Insider is an American financial and business news website that also operates international editions in the UK, Australia, China, Germany, France, South Africa, India, Italy, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, Netherlands, Nordics, Poland, Spanish and Singapore.

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Carbon nanofiber

Carbon nanofibers (CNFs), vapor grown carbon fibers (VGCFs), or vapor grown carbon nanofibers (VGCNFs) are cylindrical nanostructures with graphene layers arranged as stacked cones, cups or plates.

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Carbon nanotube

Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) are allotropes of carbon with a cylindrical nanostructure.

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Carnegie Mellon University

Carnegie Mellon University (commonly known as CMU) is a private research university in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

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Casting is a manufacturing process in which a liquid material is usually poured into a mold, which contains a hollow cavity of the desired shape, and then allowed to solidify.

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Chuck Hull

Chuck Hull (Charles W. Hull; born May 12, 1939) is the co-founder, executive vice president and chief technology officer of 3D Systems.

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CILAS is a French company, a subsidiary of Ariane Group, specialized in laser and optics technology, founded in 1966.

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Cloud manufacturing

Cloud manufacturing (CMfg) is a new manufacturing paradigm developed from existing advanced manufacturing models (e.g., ASP, AM, NM, MGrid) and enterprise information technologies under the support of cloud computing, Internet of Things (IoT), virtualization and service-oriented technologies, and advanced computing technologies.

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Commons-based peer production

Commons-based peer production (CBPP) is a term coined by Harvard Law School professor Yochai Benkler.

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Computer-aided design

Computer-aided design (CAD) is the use of computer systems to aid in the creation, modification, analysis, or optimization of a design.

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Continual improvement process

A continual improvement process, also often called a continuous improvement process (abbreviated as CIP or CI), is an ongoing effort to improve products, services, or processes.

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Continuous Liquid Interface Production

Continuous Liquid Interface Production (CLIP; originally Continuous Liquid Interphase Printing) is a proprietary method of 3D printing that uses photo polymerization to create smooth-sided solid objects of a wide variety of shapes using resins.

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Copyright is a legal right, existing globally in many countries, that basically grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights to determine and decide whether, and under what conditions, this original work may be used by others.

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Council on Foreign Relations

The Council on Foreign Relations (CFR), founded in 1921, is a United States nonprofit think tank specializing in U.S. foreign policy and international affairs.

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Cultural heritage

Cultural heritage is the legacy of physical artifacts and intangible attributes of a group or society that are inherited from past generations, maintained in the present and preserved for the benefit of future generations.

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Curing (chemistry)

Curing is a term in polymer chemistry and process engineering that refers to the toughening or hardening of a polymer material by cross-linking of polymer chains, brought about by electron beams, heat, or chemical additives.

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DeCSS was one of the first free computer programs capable of decrypting content on a commercially produced DVD video disc.

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Defense Distributed

Defense Distributed is an online, open-source organization that designs ghost gun firearms, or "wiki weapons", that may be downloaded from the Internet and "printed" with a 3D printer.

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Design for additive manufacturing

Design for additive manufacturing (DfAM or DFAM) is design for manufacturability as applied to additive manufacturing (AM).

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Desktop publishing

Desktop publishing (abbreviated DTP) is the creation of documents using page layout skills on a personal computer primarily for print.

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Digital camera

A digital camera or digicam is a camera that captures photographs in digital memory.

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Disintermediation is the removal of intermediaries in economics from a supply chain, or cutting out the middlemen in connection with a transaction or a series of transactions.

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Do it yourself

"Do it yourself" ("DIY") is the method of building, modifying, or repairing things without the direct aid of experts or professionals.

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Dots per inch

Dots per inch (DPI, or dpi) is a measure of spatial printing or video or image scanner dot density, in particular the number of individual dots that can be placed in a line within the span of 1 inch (2.54 cm).

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Dust explosion

A dust explosion is the rapid combustion of fine particles suspended in the air, often but not always in an enclosed location.

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Early adopter

An early adopter (sometimes misspelled as early adapter or early adaptor) or lighthouse customer is an early customer of a given company, product, or technology.

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Electrical discharge machining

Electrical discharge machining (EDM), also known as spark machining, spark eroding, burning, die sinking, wire burning or wire erosion, is a manufacturing process whereby a desired shape is obtained by using electrical discharges (sparks).

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Electron-beam additive manufacturing

Electron-beam additive manufacturing, or electron-beam melting (EBM) is a type of additive manufacturing, or 3D printing, for metal parts.

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Eurofighter Typhoon

The Eurofighter Typhoon is a twin-engine, canard-delta wing, multirole fighter.

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European Agency for Safety and Health at Work

The European Agency for Safety and Health at Work (EU-OSHA) is a decentralised agency of the European Union with the task of collecting, analysing and disseminating relevant information that can serve the needs of people involved in safety and health at work.

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The European Union Agency for Law Enforcement Cooperation, better known under the name Europol, formerly the European Police Office and Europol Drugs Unit, is the law enforcement agency of the European Union (EU) formed in 1998 to handle criminal intelligence and combat serious international organised crime and terrorism through cooperation between competent authorities of EU member states.

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Extrusion is a process used to create objects of a fixed cross-sectional profile.

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A fastener (US English) or fastening (UK English) is a hardware device that mechanically joins or affixes two or more objects together.

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Financial Times

The Financial Times (FT) is a Japanese-owned (since 2015), English-language international daily newspaper headquartered in London, with a special emphasis on business and economic news.

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Forbes is an American business magazine.

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Fraunhofer Society

The Fraunhofer Society (Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der angewandten Forschung e.V., "Fraunhofer Society for the Advancement of Applied Research") is a German research organization with 69institutes spread throughout Germany, each focusing on different fields of applied science (as opposed to the Max Planck Society, which works primarily on basic science).

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Fused filament fabrication

Fused filament fabrication (FFF) is a 3D printing process that uses a continuous filament of a thermoplastic material.

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The fuselage (from the French fuselé "spindle-shaped") is an aircraft's main body section.

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Fusion3 is a Greensboro, North Carolina company which manufactures 3D printers for commercial and education use.

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Futurists or futurologists are scientists and social scientists whose specialty is futurology or the attempt to systematically explore predictions and possibilities about the future and how they can emerge from the present, whether that of human society in particular or of life on Earth in general.

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G-code (also RS-274), which has many variants, is the common name for the most widely used numerical control (NC) programming language.

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Gas metal arc welding

Gas metal arc welding (GMAW), sometimes referred to by its subtypes metal inert gas (MIG) welding or metal active gas (MAG) welding, is a welding process in which an electric arc forms between a consumable wire electrode and the workpiece metal(s), which heats the workpiece metal(s), causing them to melt and join.

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GE Aviation

GE Aviation, a subsidiary of General Electric, is headquartered in Evendale, Ohio, outside Cincinnati.

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A gear or cogwheel is a rotating machine part having cut like teeth, or cogs, which mesh with another toothed part to transmit torque.

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General Electric

General Electric Company (GE) is an American multinational conglomerate incorporated in New York and headquartered in Boston, Massachusetts.

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Globalization or globalisation is the process of interaction and integration between people, companies, and governments worldwide.

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Granuloma is an inflammation found in many diseases.

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Gun control

Gun control (or firearms regulation) is the set of laws or policies that regulate the manufacture, sale, transfer, possession, modification, or use of firearms by civilians.

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Hacker culture

The hacker culture is a subculture of individuals who enjoy the intellectual challenge of creatively overcoming limitations of software systems to achieve novel and clever outcomes.

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High voltage

The term high voltage usually means electrical energy at voltages high enough to inflict harm on living organisms.

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Hod Lipson

Hod Lipson (born 1967 in Haifa, Israel) is an American robotics engineer.

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Holly Rushmeier

Holly Rushmeier is an American computer scientist and professor at Yale University.

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Hydroforming is a cost-effective way of shaping ductile metals such as aluminium, brass, low alloy steel, and stainless steel into lightweight, structurally stiff and strong pieces.

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Hyponymy and hypernymy

In linguistics, a hyponym (from Greek hupó, "under" and ónoma, "name") is a word or phrase whose semantic field is included within that of another word, its hyperonym or hypernym (from Greek hupér, "over" and ónoma, "name").

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Industrial design right

An industrial design right is an intellectual property right that protects the visual design of objects that are not purely utilitarian.

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Inflammation (from inflammatio) is part of the complex biological response of body tissues to harmful stimuli, such as pathogens, damaged cells, or irritants, and is a protective response involving immune cells, blood vessels, and molecular mediators.

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Injection molding machine

An Injection molding machine, or (Injection moulding machine BrE), also known as an injection press, is a machine for manufacturing plastic products by the injection molding process.

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Injection moulding

Injection moulding (British English) or injection molding (American English) is a manufacturing process for producing parts by injecting molten material into a mould.

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Inkjet printing

Inkjet printing is a type of computer printing that recreates a digital image by propelling droplets of ink onto paper, plastic, or other substrates.

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Israeli Air Force

The Israeli Air Force (IAF; זְרוֹעַ הָאֲוִיר וְהֶחָלָל, Zroa HaAvir VeHahalal, "Air and Space Arm", commonly known as, Kheil HaAvir, "Air Corps") operates as the aerial warfare branch of the Israel Defense Forces.

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Jeremy Rifkin

Jeremy Rifkin (born January 26, 1945) is an American economic and social theorist, writer, public speaker, political advisor, and activist.

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Job production

Job production, sometimes called jobbing or one-off production, involves producing custom work, such as a one-off product for a specific customer or a small batch of work in quantities usually less than those of mass-market products.

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A joint or articulation (or articular surface) is the connection made between bones in the body which link the skeletal system into a functional whole.

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Joint Regional Intelligence Center

The Joint Regional Intelligence Center (JRIC) was established in 2006 as a cooperative effort between United States federal, state, and local law enforcement and public safety agencies to centralize the intake, analysis, synthesis, and appropriate dissemination of terrorism-related threat intelligence for the greater Los Angeles region.

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Jurisprudence or legal theory is the theoretical study of law, principally by philosophers but, from the twentieth century, also by social scientists.

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Koenigsegg Automotive AB is a Swedish manufacturer of high-performance sports cars, based in Ängelholm, Skåne County, Sweden.

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Laminated object manufacturing

Laminated object manufacturing (LOM) is a rapid prototyping system developed by Helisys Inc.

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A laser is a device that emits light through a process of optical amplification based on the stimulated emission of electromagnetic radiation.

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Laser cutting

Laser cutting is a technology that uses a laser to cut materials, and is typically used for industrial manufacturing applications, but is also starting to be used by schools, small businesses, and hobbyists.

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Laser printing

Laser printing is an electrostatic digital printing process.

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Lawrence Summers

Lawrence Henry Summers (born November 30, 1954) is an American economist, former Vice President of Development Economics and Chief Economist of the World Bank (1991–93),, Data & Research office, The World Bank, retrieved March 31, 2017, World Bank Live, The World Bank, retrieved March 31, 2017 Harvard Kennedy School, Harvard University, retrieved March 31, 2017 senior U.S. Treasury Department official throughout President Clinton's administration (ultimately Treasury Secretary, 1999–2001), U.S. Treasury Department, Last Updated: 11/20/2010, retrieved March 31, 2017 and former director of the National Economic Council for President Obama (2009–2010).

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Lead time

A lead time is the latency between the initiation and execution of a process.

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Light-emitting diode

A light-emitting diode (LED) is a two-lead semiconductor light source.

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Limbitless Solutions

Limbitless Solutions is a 501(c)(3) non-profit organization founded in the United States that uses additive manufacturing (3D printing) to advance affordable personalized bionics and prosthetic partial arms for children with disabilities.

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List of 3D printed weapons and parts

This is a list of notable 3D printed weapons and parts.

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List of 3D printer manufacturers

Below is a list of 3D Printer manufacturers listed by company name and location.

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List of common 3D test models

This is a list of models and meshes commonly used in 3D computer graphics for testing and demonstrating rendering algorithms and visual effects.

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List of emerging technologies

Emerging technologies are those technical innovations which represent progressive developments within a field for competitive advantage.

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Local Motors

Local Motors is an American motor vehicle manufacturing company focused on low-volume manufacturing of open-source motor vehicle designs using multiple microfactories.

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Machining is any of various processes in which a piece of raw material is cut into a desired final shape and size by a controlled material-removal process.

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Magnetically assisted slip casting

Magnetically-assisted slip casting is a manufacturing technique that uses anisotropic stiff nanoparticle platelets in a ceramic, metal or polymer functional matrix to produce layered objects that can mimic natural objects such as nacre.

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Maker culture

The maker culture is a contemporary culture or subculture representing a technology-based extension of DIY culture that intersects with hacker culture (which is less concerned with physical objects as it focuses on software) and revels in the creation of new devices as well as tinkering with existing ones.

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MakerBot Industries, LLC is an American desktop 3D printer manufacturer company headquartered in New York City.

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Manufacturing is the production of merchandise for use or sale using labour and machines, tools, chemical and biological processing, or formulation.

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Massachusetts Institute of Technology

The Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) is a private research university located in Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States.

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Mental model

A mental model is an explanation of someone's thought process about how something works in the real world.

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Metal fabrication

Metal fabrication is the building of metal structures by cutting, bending, and assembling processes.

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Metal powder

Metal powder is a powdered metal such as aluminium powder and iron powder.

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Metalworking is the process of working with metals to create individual parts, assemblies, or large-scale structures.

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Metropolitan Museum of Art

The Metropolitan Museum of Art of New York, colloquially "the Met", is the largest art museum in the United States.

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Michael Spence

Andrew Michael Spence (born November 7, 1943, Montclair, New Jersey) is an American economist and recipient of the 2001 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, along with George Akerlof and Joseph E. Stiglitz, for their work on the dynamics of information flows and market development.

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A micrometer, sometimes known as a micrometer screw gauge, is a device incorporating a calibrated screw widely used for precise measurement of components in mechanical engineering and machining as well as most mechanical trades, along with other metrological instruments such as dial, vernier, and digital calipers.

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Milling (machining)

Milling is the machining process of using rotary cutters to remove material from a workpiece by advancing (or feeding) the cutter into the workpiece at a certain direction.

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Modern Machine Shop

Modern Machine Shop (ISSN 0026-8003) is a media brand that reports on product technology and process technology being used in North America's CNC machining and metalworking industry.

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MyMiniFactory is a website for the free sharing of 3D printable files.

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is the largest city in the Chūbu region of Japan.

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Nanoparticles are particles between 1 and 100 nanometres (nm) in size with a surrounding interfacial layer.

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Nanotoxicology is the study of the toxicity of nanomaterials.

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Naomi Wu

Naomi Wu is a Chinese DIY maker and internet personality.

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National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health

The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) is the United States federal agency responsible for conducting research and making recommendations for the prevention of work-related injury and illness.

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Numerical control

Computer numerical control (CNC) is the automation of machine tools by means of computers executing pre-programmed sequences of machine control commands.

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Occupational exposure limit

An occupational exposure limit is an upper limit on the acceptable concentration of a hazardous substance in workplace air for a particular material or class of materials.

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Open-source hardware

Open-source hardware (OSH) consists of physical artifacts of technology designed and offered by the open design movement.

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Open-Source Lab (book)

The Open-Source Lab: How to Build Your Own Hardware and Reduce Research Costs by Joshua M. Pearce was published in 2014 by Elsevier.

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An organ-on-a-chip (OOC) is a multi-channel 3-D microfluidic cell culture chip that simulates the activities, mechanics and physiological response of entire organs and organ systems, a type of artificial organ.

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A paradox is a statement that, despite apparently sound reasoning from true premises, leads to an apparently self-contradictory or logically unacceptable conclusion.

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A patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a sovereign state or intergovernmental organization to an inventor or assignee for a limited period of time in exchange for detailed public disclosure of an invention.

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PC Magazine

PC Magazine (shortened as PCMag) is an American computer magazine published by Ziff Davis.

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Personal protective equipment

Personal protective equipment (PPE) refers to protective clothing, helmets, goggles, or other garments or equipment designed to protect the wearer's body from injury or infection.

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Photogrammetry is the science of making measurements from photographs, especially for recovering the exact positions of surface points.

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A photopolymer or light-activated resin is a polymer that changes its properties when exposed to light, often in the ultraviolet or visible region of the electromagnetic spectrum.

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Pinshape Inc. is an online 3D printing community and marketplace with headquarters in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.

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Plaster is a building material used for the protective and/or decorative coating of walls and ceilings and for moulding and casting decorative elements.

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A polymer (Greek poly-, "many" + -mer, "part") is a large molecule, or macromolecule, composed of many repeated subunits.

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In polymer chemistry, polymerization is a process of reacting monomer molecules together in a chemical reaction to form polymer chains or three-dimensional networks.

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Powder bed and inkjet head 3D printing

Powder bed and inkjet 3D printing, known variously as "binder jetting" and "drop-on-powder" – or simply "3D printing" (3DP) – is a rapid prototyping and additive manufacturing technology for making objects described by digital data such as a CAD file.

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In a motor vehicle, the term powertrain or powerplant describes the main components that generate power and deliver it to the road surface, water, or air.

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Print on demand

Print-on-demand (POD) is a printing technology and business process in which book copies (or other documents) are not printed until the company receives an order, allowing prints of singular or small quantities.

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Production line

A production line is a set of sequential operations established in a factory where materials are put through a refining process to produce an end-product that is suitable for onward consumption; or components are assembled to make a finished article.

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A prototype is an early sample, model, or release of a product built to test a concept or process or to act as a thing to be replicated or learned from.

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Pulmonary fibrosis

Pulmonary fibrosis (literally "scarring of the lungs") is a respiratory disease in which scars are formed in the lung tissues, leading to serious breathing problems.

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Rapid prototyping

Rapid prototyping is a group of techniques used to quickly fabricate a scale model of a physical part or assembly using three-dimensional computer aided design (CAD) data.

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Raw material

A raw material, also known as a feedstock or most correctly unprocessed material, is a basic material that is used to produce goods, finished products, energy, or intermediate materials which are feedstock for future finished products.

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In polymer chemistry and materials science, resin is a "solid or highly viscous substance" of plant or synthetic origin that is typically convertible into polymers.

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A respirator is a device designed to protect the wearer from inhaling particulate matter, including airborne microorganisms, fumes, vapours and gases.

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A retronym is a newer name for an existing thing that differentiates the original form or version from a more recent one.

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Ripping is extracting all or parts of digital contents from a container.

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Robot welding

Robot welding is the use of mechanized programmable tools (robots), which completely automate a welding process by both performing the weld and handling the part.

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Royal Air Force

The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.

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S. Scott Crump


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Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics

Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM), previously Science, Math, Engineering, and Technology (SMET), is a term used to group together these academic disciplines.

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Selective laser melting

Selective laser melting (SLM) or direct metal laser sintering (DMLS) is a particularly rapid prototyping, 3D printing, or additive manufacturing (AM) technique designed to use a high power-density laser to melt and fuse metallic powders together.

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Selective laser sintering

Selective laser sintering (SLS) is an additive manufacturing (AM) technique that uses a laser as the power source to sinter powdered material (typically nylon/polyamide), aiming the laser automatically at points in space defined by a 3D model, binding the material together to create a solid structure.

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Self-replicating machine

A self-replicating machine is a type of autonomous robot that is capable of reproducing itself autonomously using raw materials found in the environment, thus exhibiting self-replication in a way analogous to that found in nature.

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Solidscape, Inc. is a company that designs, develops and manufactures 3D printers for rapid prototyping and rapid manufacturing, able to print solid models created in CAD.

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Stamping (metalworking)

Stamping (also known as pressing) is the process of placing flat sheet metal in either blank or coil form into a stamping press where a tool and die surface forms the metal into a net shape.

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Stanford University

Stanford University (officially Leland Stanford Junior University, colloquially the Farm) is a private research university in Stanford, California.

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Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon and other elements.

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Stereolithography (SLA or SL; also known as stereolithography apparatus, optical fabrication, photo-solidification, or resin printing) is a form of 3D printing technology used for creating models, prototypes, patterns, and production of parts in a layer by layer fashion using photopolymerization, a process by which light causes chains of molecules to link, forming polymers.

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STL (file format)

STL (an abbreviation of "stereolithography") is a file format native to the stereolithography CAD software created by 3D Systems.

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Stratasys, Ltd. is a manufacturer of 3D printers and 3D production systems for office-based rapid prototyping and direct digital manufacturing solutions.

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A supercar is a luxury, high-performance sports car or grand tourer.

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Supply chain

A supply chain is a system of organizations, people, activities, information, and resources involved in moving a product or service from supplier to customer.

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Sustainable development

Sustainable development is the organizing principle for meeting human development goals while at the same time sustaining the ability of natural systems to provide the natural resources and ecosystem services upon which the economy and society depend.

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A synonym is a word or phrase that means exactly or nearly the same as another word or phrase in the same language.

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Technical standard

A technical standard is an established norm or requirement in regard to technical systems.

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The Atlantic

The Atlantic is an American magazine and multi-platform publisher, founded in 1857 as The Atlantic Monthly in Boston, Massachusetts.

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The Pirate Bay

The Pirate Bay (sometimes abbreviated to TPB) is an online index of digital content of entertainment media and software.

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The Third Industrial Revolution

The Third Industrial Revolution; How Lateral Power is Transforming Energy, the Economy, and the World is a book by Jeremy Rifkin published in 2011.

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A thermoplastic, or thermosoftening plastic, is a plastic material, a polymer, that becomes pliable or moldable above a specific temperature and solidifies upon cooling.

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Thermosetting polymer

A thermoset, also called a thermosetting plastic, is a plastic that is irreversibly cured from a soft solid or viscous liquid, prepolymer or resin.

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Thingiverse is a website dedicated to the sharing of user-created digital design files.

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Three-dimensional space

Three-dimensional space (also: 3-space or, rarely, tri-dimensional space) is a geometric setting in which three values (called parameters) are required to determine the position of an element (i.e., point).

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Threeding is an online 3D Printing Marketplace and community for trading and free exchange of files ready for 3D printing.

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Titanium alloy

Titanium alloys are metals that contain a mixture of titanium and other chemical elements.

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A toolroom is a room where tools are stored or, in a factory, a space where tools are made and repaired for use throughout the rest of the factory.

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A trademark, trade mark, or trade-markThe styling of trademark as a single word is predominantly used in the United States and Philippines only, while the two-word styling trade mark is used in many other countries around the world, including the European Union and Commonwealth and ex-Commonwealth jurisdictions (although Canada officially uses "trade-mark" pursuant to the Trade-mark Act, "trade mark" and "trademark" are also commonly used).

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TU Wien

TU Wien (Technische Universität Wien; formerly: k.k. Polytechnisches Institut, Imperial and Royal Polytechnic Institute from 1815–1872; Technische Hochschule (TH Wien), College of Technology from 1872–1975; Vienna University of Technology from 1975–2014) is one of the major universities in Vienna, the capital of Austria.

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A turbine (from the Latin turbo, a vortex, related to the Greek τύρβη, tyrbē, meaning "turbulence") is a rotary mechanical device that extracts energy from a fluid flow and converts it into useful work.

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Two-photon absorption

Two-photon absorption (TPA) is the absorption of two photons of identical or different frequencies in order to excite a molecule from one state (usually the ground state) to a higher energy electronic state.

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Ultimaker is a 3D printer manufacturing company based in the Netherlands, with offices and assembly line in the US.

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Ultrafine particle

Ultrafine particles (UFPs) are particulate matter of nanoscale size (less than 0.1 μm or 100 nm in diameter).

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Ultraviolet (UV) is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm to 400 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.

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Ultraviolet index

The ultraviolet index or UV Index is an international standard measurement of the strength of sunburn-producing ultraviolet (UV) radiation at a particular place and time.

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Umbrella term

An umbrella term is a word or phrase that covers a wide range of concepts belonging to a common category.

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United States Air Force

The United States Air Force (USAF) is the aerial and space warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.

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United States Department of Homeland Security

The United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is a cabinet department of the United States federal government with responsibilities in public security, roughly comparable to the interior or home ministries of other countries.

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Vehicle frame

A vehicle frame, also known as its chassis, is the main supporting structure of a motor vehicle, to which all other components are attached, comparable to the skeleton of an organism.

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Ventilation (architecture)

Ventilation is the intentional introduction of ambient air into a space and is mainly used to control indoor air quality by diluting and displacing indoor pollutants; it can also be used for purposes of thermal comfort or dehumidification.

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Volatile organic compound

Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are organic chemicals that have a high vapor pressure at ordinary room temperature.

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Volumetric printing

Volumetric printing is a three-dimensional digital-to-physical imaging technology developed in 2013 that uses ink or other pigments suspended in a volume to form a full-color volumetric scene in physical space.

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Word sense

In linguistics, a word sense is one of the meanings of a word (some words have multiple meanings, some words have only one meaning).

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Z Corporation

Z Corporation (commonly abbreviated Z Corp.) was acquired by 3D Systems on January 3, 2012.

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3D bioprinting

Three dimensional (3D) bioprinting is the utilization of 3D printing and 3D printing–like techniques to combine cells, growth factors, and biomaterials to fabricate biomedical parts that maximally imitate natural tissue characteristics.

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3D Manufacturing Format

3D Manufacturing Format or 3MF is a file format developed and published by the 3MF Consortium.

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3D modeling

In 3D computer graphics, 3D modeling (or three-dimensional modeling) is the process of developing a mathematical representation of any surface of an object (either inanimate or living) in three dimensions via specialized software.

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3D printed firearms

In 2012, the U.S.-based group Defense Distributed disclosed plans to design a working plastic gun that could be downloaded and reproduced by anybody with a 3D printer.

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3D printing processes

There are a variety of processes, equipments, and materials used in the synthesis of a three-dimensional object.

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3D scanner

A 3D scanner is a device that analyses a real-world object or environment to collect data on its shape and possibly its appearance (e.g. colour).

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3D Systems

3D Systems, headquartered in Rock Hill, South Carolina, is a company that engineers, manufactures and sells 3D printers.

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[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/3D_printing

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