112 relations: Amelia Earhart, Angle–sensitive pixel, AutoCAD, Autodesk Revit, CATIA, Charge-coupled device, Computer-aided design, Computer-aided manufacturing, Confocal, Conoscopy, Coordinate system, Coordinate-measuring machine, CT scan, CyArk, Cyberware (company), David (Michelangelo), Dental implant, Dentistry, Depth map, Diffraction, Digitization, English Heritage, Epipolar geometry, Field of view, Film, Fixture (tool), Flatness (manufacturing), Freeform surface modelling, Frequency analysis, Full body scanner, Gargoyle, Geomagic, Geomatics, Holly Rushmeier, IBM, Image registration, Image segmentation, Image-based meshing, Industrial computed tomography, Industrial design, Infrared, Kabaka of Buganda, Kasubi Tombs, Laser, Laser rangefinder, Laser scanning, Laser tracker, LCD projector, Liang Bua, Light-emitting diode, ..., Light-field camera, Magnetic resonance imaging, Marc Levoy, Marching cubes, MeshLab, Micrometre, Motion capture, National Conservation Centre, National Research Council (Canada), Non-contact ultrasound, Non-uniform rational B-spline, Nondestructive testing, Orthotics, Panoramic photography, Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology, Photogrammetry, Photometric stereo, PhotoModeler, Picosecond, Plaster cast, Point cloud, Polygon mesh, Position sensitive device, Prosthesis, Prototype, Quality control, Range imaging, Rapid prototyping, Reverse engineering, Rhinoceros 3D, Robot control, Show business, Silhouette, Sine wave, Six degrees of freedom, Smithsonian Institution, Solid modeling, Speed of light, Stanford University, Stereopsis, Structured-light 3D scanner, Surface plate, The Deposition (Michelangelo), Three-dimensional space, Time-of-flight camera, Triangulation, Ubiquity Press, USS Philadelphia (1776), Video game, Virtual cinematography, Virtual reality, Visual hull, Volume rendering, Voxel, World Heritage site, X-ray microtomography, 3D computer graphics, 3D modeling, 3D printing, 3D reconstruction, 3D scanner, 3D selfie. Expand index (62 more) » « Shrink index
Amelia Mary Earhart (born July 24, 1897; disappeared July 2, 1937) was an American aviation pioneer and author.
An angle-sensitive pixel (ASP) is a light sensor made entirely in CMOS with a sensitivity to incoming light that is sinusoidal in incident angle.
AutoCAD is a commercial computer-aided design (CAD) and drafting software application.
Autodesk Revit is building information modeling software for architects, landscape architects, structural engineers, MEP engineers, designers and contractors developed by Autodesk.
CATIA (an acronym of computer-aided three-dimensional interactive application, pronounced) is a multi-platform software suite for computer-aided design (CAD), computer-aided manufacturing (CAM), computer-aided engineering (CAE), PLM and 3D, developed by the French company Dassault Systèmes.
A charge-coupled device (CCD) is a device for the movement of electrical charge, usually from within the device to an area where the charge can be manipulated, for example conversion into a digital value.
Computer-aided design (CAD) is the use of computer systems to aid in the creation, modification, analysis, or optimization of a design.
Computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) is the use of software to control machine tools and related ones in the manufacturing of workpieces.
In geometry, confocal means having the same foci: confocal conic sections.
Conoscopy (from Ancient Greek κῶνος (konos) "cone, spinning top, pine cone" and σκοπέω (skopeo) "examine, inspect, look to or into, consider") is an optical technique to make observations of a transparent specimen in a cone of converging rays of light.
In geometry, a coordinate system is a system which uses one or more numbers, or coordinates, to uniquely determine the position of the points or other geometric elements on a manifold such as Euclidean space.
A coordinate measuring machine (CMM) is a device that measures the geometry of physical objects by sensing discrete points on the surface of the object with a probe.
A CT scan, also known as computed tomography scan, makes use of computer-processed combinations of many X-ray measurements taken from different angles to produce cross-sectional (tomographic) images (virtual "slices") of specific areas of a scanned object, allowing the user to see inside the object without cutting.
CyArk is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization located in Oakland, California, United States.
Cyberware Inc. is a dissolved (no longer in business) company that produces high performance color 3D scanners.
David is a masterpiece of Renaissance sculpture created in marble between 1501 and 1504 by the Italian artist Michelangelo.
A dental implant (also known as an endosseous implant or fixture) is a surgical component that interfaces with the bone of the jaw or skull to support a dental prosthesis such as a crown, bridge, denture, facial prosthesis or to act as an orthodontic anchor.
Dentistry is a branch of medicine that consists of the study, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of diseases, disorders, and conditions of the oral cavity, commonly in the dentition but also the oral mucosa, and of adjacent and related structures and tissues, particularly in the maxillofacial (jaw and facial) area.
In 3D computer graphics a depth map is an image or image channel that contains information relating to the distance of the surfaces of scene objects from a viewpoint.
--> Diffraction refers to various phenomena that occur when a wave encounters an obstacle or a slit.
Digitization, at WhatIs.com in Collins English Dictionary less commonly digitalization, is the process of converting information into a digital (i.e. computer-readable) format, in which the information is organized into bits.
English Heritage (officially the English Heritage Trust) is a registered charity that manages the National Heritage Collection.
Epipolar geometry is the geometry of stereo vision.
The field of view is the extent of the observable world that is seen at any given moment.
A film, also called a movie, motion picture, moving pícture, theatrical film, or photoplay, is a series of still images that, when shown on a screen, create the illusion of moving images.
A fixture is a work-holding or support device used in the manufacturing industry.
In manufacturing and mechanical engineering, flatness is an important geometric condition for workpieces and tools.
Freeform surface modelling is a technique for engineering freeform surfaces with a CAD or CAID system.
In cryptanalysis, frequency analysis is the study of the frequency of letters or groups of letters in a ciphertext.
A full-body scanner is a device that detects objects on a person's body for security screening purposes, without physically removing clothes or making physical contact.
In architecture, a gargoyle is a carved or formed grotesque with a spout designed to convey water from a roof and away from the side of a building, thereby preventing rainwater from running down masonry walls and eroding the mortar between.
Geomagic is the professional engineering software brand of 3D Systems.
Geomatics (including geomatics engineering), also known as surveying engineering or geospatial science (including geospatial engineering and geospatial technology), is the discipline of gathering, storing, processing, and delivering geographic information or spatially referenced information.
Holly Rushmeier is an American computer scientist and professor at Yale University.
The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries.
Image registration is the process of transforming different sets of data into one coordinate system.
In computer vision, image segmentation is the process of partitioning a digital image into multiple segments (sets of pixels, also known as super-pixels).
Image-based meshing is the automated process of creating computer models for computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and finite element analysis (FEA) from 3D image data (such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT) or microtomography).
Industrial computed tomography (CT) scanning is any computer-aided tomographic process, usually X-ray computed tomography, that uses irradiation to produce three-dimensional internal and external representations of a scanned object.
Industrial design is a process of design applied to products that are to be manufactured through techniques of mass production.
Infrared radiation (IR) is electromagnetic radiation (EMR) with longer wavelengths than those of visible light, and is therefore generally invisible to the human eye (although IR at wavelengths up to 1050 nm from specially pulsed lasers can be seen by humans under certain conditions). It is sometimes called infrared light.
Kabaka is the title of the king of the Kingdom of Buganda.
The Kasubi Tombs in Kampala, Uganda, is the site of the burial grounds for four kabakas (kings of Buganda) and other members of the Baganda royal family.
A laser is a device that emits light through a process of optical amplification based on the stimulated emission of electromagnetic radiation.
A laser rangefinder is a rangefinder that uses a laser beam to determine the distance to an object.
In modern surveying, the general meaning of laser scanning is the controlled deflection of laser beams, visible or invisible.
Laser trackers are instruments that accurately measure large objects by determining the positions of optical targets held against those objects.
An LCD projector is a type of video projector for displaying video, images or computer data on a screen or other flat surface.
Liang Bua is a limestone cave on the island of Flores, Indonesia.
A light-emitting diode (LED) is a two-lead semiconductor light source.
A light field camera, also known as plenoptic camera, captures information about the light field emanating from a scene; that is, the intensity of light in a scene, and also the direction that the light rays are traveling in space.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a medical imaging technique used in radiology to form pictures of the anatomy and the physiological processes of the body in both health and disease.
Marc Levoy is a computer graphics researcher and Professor Emeritus of Computer Science and Electrical Engineering at Stanford University and a Distinguished Engineer at Google.
Marching cubes is a computer graphics algorithm, published in the 1987 SIGGRAPH proceedings by Lorensen and Cline, for extracting a polygonal mesh of an isosurface from a three-dimensional discrete scalar field (sometimes called a voxel).
MeshLab is a 3D mesh processing software system that is oriented to the management and processing of unstructured large meshes and provides a set of tools for editing, cleaning, healing, inspecting, rendering, and converting these kinds of meshes.
The micrometre (International spelling as used by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures; SI symbol: μm) or micrometer (American spelling), also commonly known as a micron, is an SI derived unit of length equaling (SI standard prefix "micro-".
Motion capture (Mo-cap for short) is the process of recording the movement of objects or people.
The National Conservation Centre, formerly the Midland Railway Goods Warehouse, is located in Liverpool, Merseyside, England.
The National Research Council (NRC, Conseil national de recherches Canada) is the primary national research and technology organization (RTO) of the Government of Canada, in science and technology research and development.
Non-contact ultrasound (NCU) is a method of non-destructive testing where ultrasound is generated and used to test materials without the generating sensor making direct or indirect contact with the test material or test subject.
Non-uniform rational basis spline (NURBS) is a mathematical model commonly used in computer graphics for generating and representing curves and surfaces.
Nondestructive testing or non-destructive testing (NDT) is a wide group of analysis techniques used in science and technology industry to evaluate the properties of a material, component or system without causing damage.
Orthotics (Greek: Ορθός, ortho, "to straighten" or "align") is a specialty within the medical field concerned with the design, manufacture and application of orthoses.
Panoramic photography is a technique of photography, using specialized equipment or software, that captures images with horizontally elongated fields of view.
The Petrie Museum of Egyptian Archaeology in London is part of University College London Museums and Collections.
Photogrammetry is the science of making measurements from photographs, especially for recovering the exact positions of surface points.
Photometric stereo is a technique in computer vision for estimating the surface normals of objects by observing that object under different lighting conditions.
PhotoModeler is a software application that performs image-based modeling and close range stereophotogrammetry – producing 3D models and measurements from photography.
A picosecond is an SI unit of time equal to 10−12 or 1/1,000,000,000,000 (one trillionth) of a second.
A plaster cast is a copy made in plaster of another 3-dimensional form.
A point cloud is a set of data points in space.
A polygon mesh is a collection of, s and s that defines the shape of a polyhedral object in 3D computer graphics and solid modeling.
A Position Sensitive Device and/or Position Sensitive Detector (PSD) is an optical position sensor (OPS), that can measure a position of a light spot in one or two-dimensions on a sensor surface.
In medicine, a prosthesis (plural: prostheses; from Ancient Greek prosthesis, "addition, application, attachment") is an artificial device that replaces a missing body part, which may be lost through trauma, disease, or congenital conditions.
A prototype is an early sample, model, or release of a product built to test a concept or process or to act as a thing to be replicated or learned from.
Quality control, or QC for short, is a process by which entities review the quality of all factors involved in production.
Range imaging is the name for a collection of techniques that are used to produce a 2D image showing the distance to points in a scene from a specific point, normally associated with some type of sensor device.
Rapid prototyping is a group of techniques used to quickly fabricate a scale model of a physical part or assembly using three-dimensional computer aided design (CAD) data.
Reverse engineering, also called back engineering, is the process by which a man-made object is deconstructed to reveal its designs, architecture, or to extract knowledge from the object; similar to scientific research, the only difference being that scientific research is about a natural phenomenon.
Rhinoceros (typically abbreviated Rhino, or Rhino3D) is a commercial 3D computer graphics and computer-aided design (CAD) application software developed by Robert McNeel & Associates, an American, privately-held, employee-owned company founded in 1980.
Robot control is the study and practice of controlling robots.
Show business, sometimes shortened to show biz or showbiz (since 1945), is a vernacular term for all aspects of the entertainment industry.
A silhouette is the image of a person, animal, object or scene represented as a solid shape of a single color, usually black, with its edges matching the outline of the subject.
A sine wave or sinusoid is a mathematical curve that describes a smooth periodic oscillation.
Six degrees of freedom (6DoF) refers to the freedom of movement of a rigid body in three-dimensional space.
The Smithsonian Institution, established on August 10, 1846 "for the increase and diffusion of knowledge," is a group of museums and research centers administered by the Government of the United States.
Solid modeling (or modelling) is a consistent set of principles for mathematical and computer modeling of three-dimensional solids.
The speed of light in vacuum, commonly denoted, is a universal physical constant important in many areas of physics.
Stanford University (officially Leland Stanford Junior University, colloquially the Farm) is a private research university in Stanford, California.
Stereopsis (from the Greek στερεο- stereo- meaning "solid", and ὄψις opsis, "appearance, sight") is a term that is most often used to refer to the perception of depth and 3-dimensional structure obtained on the basis of visual information deriving from two eyes by individuals with normally developed binocular vision.
A structured-light 3D scanner is a 3D scanning device for measuring the three-dimensional shape of an object using projected light patterns and a camera system.
A surface plate is a solid, flat plate used as the main horizontal reference plane for precision inspection, marking out (layout), and tooling setup.
The Deposition (also called the Bandini Pietà or The Lamentation over the Dead Christ) is a marble sculpture by the Italian High Renaissance master Michelangelo.
Three-dimensional space (also: 3-space or, rarely, tri-dimensional space) is a geometric setting in which three values (called parameters) are required to determine the position of an element (i.e., point).
A time-of-flight camera (ToF camera) is a range imaging camera system that resolves distance based on the known speed of light, measuring the time-of-flight of a light signal between the camera and the subject for each point of the image.
In trigonometry and geometry, triangulation is the process of determining the location of a point by forming triangles to it from known points.
Ubiquity Press is a United Kingdom-based academic publisher focusing on open access publication.
USS Philadelphia is a gunboat (referred to in contemporary documents as a gundalow or gondola) of the Continental Navy.
A video game is an electronic game that involves interaction with a user interface to generate visual feedback on a video device such as a TV screen or computer monitor.
Virtual cinematography is the set of cinematographic techniques performed in a computer graphics environment.
Virtual reality (VR) is an interactive computer-generated experience taking place within a simulated environment, that incorporates mainly auditory and visual, but also other types of sensory feedback like haptic.
A visual hull is a geometric entity created by shape-from-silhouette 3D reconstruction technique introduced by A. Laurentini.
In scientific visualization and computer graphics, volume rendering is a set of techniques used to display a 2D projection of a 3D discretely sampled data set, typically a 3D scalar field.
A voxel represents a value on a regular grid in three-dimensional space.
A World Heritage site is a landmark or area which is selected by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as having cultural, historical, scientific or other form of significance, and is legally protected by international treaties.
X-ray microtomography, like tomography and x-ray computed tomography, uses x-rays to create cross-sections of a physical object that can be used to recreate a virtual model (3D model) without destroying the original object.
3D computer graphics or three-dimensional computer graphics, (in contrast to 2D computer graphics) are graphics that use a three-dimensional representation of geometric data (often Cartesian) that is stored in the computer for the purposes of performing calculations and rendering 2D images.
In 3D computer graphics, 3D modeling (or three-dimensional modeling) is the process of developing a mathematical representation of any surface of an object (either inanimate or living) in three dimensions via specialized software.
3D printing is any of various processes in which material is joined or solidified under computer control to create a three-dimensional object, with material being added together (such as liquid molecules or powder grains being fused together).
In computer vision and computer graphics, 3D reconstruction is the process of capturing the shape and appearance of real objects.
A 3D scanner is a device that analyses a real-world object or environment to collect data on its shape and possibly its appearance (e.g. colour).
A 3D selfie is a 3D-printed scale replica of a person.
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