101 relations: Adige, Afrika Korps, Allied Armies in Italy, Australian War Memorial, Baghdad, Battle of Bir Hakeim, Battle of Gazala, Bidente-Ronco, Bir Hakeim, Bofors 40 mm gun, Bristol Blenheim, Castelleone di Suasa, Conca (river), Costa San Savino, Cruiser tank, Derna, Libya, Erwin Rommel, Este, Veneto, Faenza, Fieseler Fi 156, Fordson, Forlì, Frank Messervy, Gamal Abdul El Nasser Airbase, Gothic Line, Hawker Hurricane, II Corps (Poland), Indian Army during World War II, Iran, Jebel Akhdar, Libya, Kangaroo (armoured personnel carrier), Lamone (river), List of Indian Army Brigades in World War II, Long Range Desert Group, M4 Sherman, Marano (river), Marj, Martuba, Mechili, Medicina, Mersa Matruh, Michael Gambier-Parry, Montone (river), Nepali language, Nile Delta, No. 3 Squadron RAAF, No. 45 Squadron RAF, No. 55 Squadron RAF, Office of Public Sector Information, Operation Sonnenblume, ..., Ordnance QF 2-pounder, Padua, Param Vishisht Seva Medal, Philip Neame, Piacenza, Po (river), Portee, Roncofreddo, Royal Indian Artillery, Royal Navy, Sahneh, San Clemente, Emilia-Romagna, Santerno, Senigallia, Senio, Shaibah, Siege of Tobruk, Sillaro, Spring 1945 offensive in Italy, The Crown, Thompson submachine gun, Tobruk, V Corps (United Kingdom), Valentine tank, Via Aemilia, Walter Cowan, World War II, XIII Corps (United Kingdom), 10th Indian Infantry Division, 10th Princess Mary's Own Gurkha Rifles, 11th Cavalry (Frontier Force), 132nd Armoured Division Ariete, 13th Lancers, 18th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 18th King Edward's Own Cavalry, 1st (United Kingdom) Division, 21st Panzer Division (Wehrmacht), 23rd Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 2nd Armoured Division (United Kingdom), 2nd Lancers (Gardner's Horse), 2nd New Zealand Division, 31st Indian Armoured Division, 43rd Independent Gurkha Infantry Brigade, 46th Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 56th (London) Infantry Division, 6th Queen Elizabeth's Own Gurkha Rifles, 7th Armoured Division (United Kingdom), 8 Gorkha Rifles, 90th Light Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 98th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 9th Division (Australia). Expand index (51 more) » « Shrink index
The Adige (Etsch; Àdexe; Adisch; Adesc; Athesis; Ἄθεσις) is the second longest river in Italy after the Po, rising in the Alps in the province of South Tyrol near the Italian border with Austria and Switzerland, flowing through most of North-East Italy to the Adriatic Sea.
The Afrika Korps or German Africa Corps (Deutsches Afrikakorps, DAK) was the German expeditionary force in Africa during the North African Campaign of World War II.
The Allied Armies in Italy (AAI) was the title of the highest Allied field headquarters in Italy, during the middle part of the Italian Campaign of World War II.
The Australian War Memorial is Australia's national memorial to the members of its armed forces and supporting organisations who have died or participated in wars involving the Commonwealth of Australia.
Baghdad (بغداد) is the capital of Iraq.
The Battle of Bir Hakeim took place at Bir Hakeim, an oasis in the Libyan desert south and west of Tobruk, during the Battle of Gazala (26 May – 21 June 1942).
The Battle of Gazala (near the modern town of Ayn al Ghazālah) was fought during the Western Desert Campaign of the Second World War, west of the port of Tobruk in Libya, from 26 May to 21 June 1942.
The Bidente-Ronco is a river in the Emilia-Romagna region of Italy.
Bir Hakeim (sometimes written Bir Hacheim) is in the Libyan desert at, and the site of a former Ottoman Empire fort built around the site of an ancient Roman well, dating to the period when the oasis was part of Ottoman Tripolitania.
--> The Bofors 40 mm gun, often referred to simply as the Bofors gun, is an anti-aircraft/multi-purpose autocannon designed in the 1930s by the Swedish arms manufacturer AB Bofors.
The Bristol Blenheim is a British light bomber aircraft designed and built by the Bristol Aeroplane Company (Bristol) which was used extensively in the first two years and in some cases throughout the Second World War.
Castelleone di Suasa is a town and comune within the Province of Ancona, in the Marche region of Italy.
The Conca is a river in the Marche and Emilia-Romagna regions of Italy.
Costa San Savino is a frazione of the comune of Costacciaro in the Province of Perugia, Umbria, central Italy.
The cruiser tank (also called cavalry tank or fast tank) was a British tank concept of the interwar period for tanks designed to function as modernised armoured and mechanised cavalry.
Derna (درنة) is a port city in eastern Libya.
Erwin Rommel (15 November 1891 – 14 October 1944) was a German general and military theorist.
Este is a town and comune of the Province of Padua, in the Veneto region of northern Italy.
Faenza (Faventia; Fènza or Fẽza) is an Italian city and comune, in the province of Ravenna, Emilia-Romagna, situated southeast of Bologna.
The Fieseler Fi 156 Storch (English: Stork) was a small German liaison aircraft built by Fieseler before and during World War II.
Fordson was a brand name of tractors and trucks.
Forlì (Furlè; Forum Livii) is a comune and city in Emilia-Romagna, northern Italy, and is the capital of the province of Forlì-Cesena.
General Sir Frank Walter Messervy & Bar (9 December 1893 – 2 February 1974) was a British Indian Army officer in both the First and Second World Wars. Following its independence, he was the first Commander of the Pakistan Army (15 August 1947 – 10 February 1948) Previously, he had become a Lieutenant-General in 1945; a General in 1947; General Officer Commanding in Chief or (GOC-in-C) Northern Command, India in 1946 and 1947.
Gamal Abdul El Nasser Airbase is a Libyan Air Force (القوات الجوية الليبية, Berber: Adwas Alibyan Ujnna) base, located about 16 km south of Tobruk.
The Gothic Line (Gotenstellung; Linea Gotica) was a German defensive line of the Italian Campaign of World War II.
The Hawker Hurricane is a British single-seat fighter aircraft of the 1930s–1940s that was designed and predominantly built by Hawker Aircraft Ltd.
The Polish II Corps (Drugi Korpus Wojska Polskiego), 1943–1947, was a major tactical and operational unit of the Polish Armed Forces in the West during World War II.
The British Indian Army during World War II began the war, in 1939, numbering just under 200,000 men.
Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).
The Jebel Akhdar (الجبل الأخضر, The Green Mountain) is a heavily forested, fertile upland area in northeastern Libya.
A Kangaroo was a Second World War Commonwealth or British armoured personnel carrier (APC), created by converting a tank chassis.
The Lamone is a river in the Tuscany and Emilia-Romagna regions of Italy.
The Indian Army during World War II fought on three continents Europe, Africa and Asia.
The Long Range Desert Group (LRDG) was a reconnaissance and raiding unit of the British Army during the Second World War.
The M4 Sherman, officially Medium Tank, M4, was the most widely used medium tank by the United States and Western Allies in World War II.
The Marano is a river in San Marino and Emilia–Romagna in Italy.
Marj (المرج, The Meadows), also spelt El Merj, generally believed to be on the site of the ancient city of Barca or Barce, is a city in northeastern Libya and the administrative seat of the Marj District.
Martuba is a town in eastern Libya in the Derna District.
Mechili (المخيلي) is a small village in Cyrenaica, Libya and the site of a former Turkish fort.
Medicina (Bolognese: Midgénna; Eastern Bolognese: Migìna) is an Italian comune with c. 16,000 inhabitants in the Metropolitan City of Bologna, part of the region of Emilia-Romagna.
Mersa Matruh (مرسى مطروح) is a seaport in Egypt, the capital of the Matrouh Governorate.
Major-General Michael Denman Gambier-Parry MC DL (21 August 1891 – 30 April 1976) was a senior British Army officer who commanded the 2nd Armoured Division during the Western Desert Campaign of World War II.
The Montone is a river in the historical region of Romagna, which is in the present-day region of Emilia-Romagna in northern Italy.
Nepali known by endonym Khas-kura (खस कुरा) is an Indo-Aryan language of the sub-branch of Eastern Pahari.
The Nile Delta (دلتا النيل or simply الدلتا) is the delta formed in Northern Egypt (Lower Egypt) where the Nile River spreads out and drains into the Mediterranean Sea.
45 Squadron is a flying squadron of the Royal Air Force.
The Office of Public Sector Information (OPSI) is the body responsible for the operation of Her Majesty's Stationery Office (HMSO) and of other public information services of the United Kingdom.
Operation Sonnenblume (Unternehmen Sonnenblume/Operation Sunflower) was the name given to the dispatch of German troops to North Africa in February 1941, during the Second World War.
The Ordnance QF 2-pounder (QF denoting "quick firing"), or simply "2 pounder gun", was a British anti-tank and vehicle-mounted gun, employed in the Second World War.
Padua (Padova; Pàdova) is a city and comune in Veneto, northern Italy.
Param Vishisht Seva Medal (PVSM) is a military award of India.
Lieutenant General Sir Philip Neame, (12 December 1888 – 28 April 1978) was a senior British Army officer and a recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces, and the winner of an Olympic Gold medal; he is the only person to achieve both distinctions.
Piacenza (Piacentino: Piaṡëinsa) is a city and comune in the Emilia-Romagna region of northern Italy.
The Po (Padus and Eridanus; Po; ancient Ligurian: Bodincus or Bodencus; Πάδος, Ἠριδανός) is a river that flows eastward across northern Italy.
A portee is a truck that carries a gun on its bed, such that the gun is not fixed permanently to the vehicle, can be quickly unloaded and can be fired from the truck.
Roncofreddo (Runfrèd or Ronchfrèdd) is a town and comune (municipality) in the Province of Forlì-Cesena in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about southeast of Bologna and about southeast of Forlì.
The Royal Regiment of Indian Artillery, generally known as the Royal Indian Artillery (RIA), was an administrative corps of the British Indian Army.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
Sahneh (صحنه; also Romanized as Şaḩneh and Sehneh; also known as Sahna) is a city in and the capital of Sahneh County, Kermanshah Province, Iran.
San Clemente (San Climènt) is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Rimini, but before 1992 in the Province of Forlì, in the Italian region Emilia-Romagna, located about southeast of Bologna, about southeast of Forlì and about south of Rimini.
The Santerno is a river in Romagna in northern Italy.
Senigallia (or Sinigaglia in Old Italian) is a comune and port town on Italy's Adriatic coast.
The Senio is a river of Romagna in Italy, the final right-sided tributary of the river Reno.
Shaibah (Arabic: الشعيبة) is the name of a small village and a site of a military airfield near Az Zubayr, south west of Basrah in Iraq.
The Siege of Tobruk lasted for 241 days in 1941, after Axis forces advanced through Cyrenaica from El Agheila in Operation Sonnenblume against Allied forces in Libya, during the Western Desert Campaign (1940–1943) of the Second World War.
The Sillaro (Latin Silarus) is a long Italian stream, whose headwaters are by the village of Piancaldoli (Firenzuola, province of Florence), in Tuscany.
The spring 1945 offensive in Italy, codenamed Operation Grapeshot, was the final Allied attack during the Italian Campaign in the final stages of the Second World War.
The Crown is the state in all its aspects within the jurisprudence of the Commonwealth realms and their sub-divisions (such as Crown dependencies, provinces, or states).
The Thompson submachine gun is an American submachine gun, invented by John T. Thompson in 1918, that became infamous during the Prohibition era, becoming a signature weapon of various organized crime syndicates in the United States.
Tobruk or Tubruq (Αντίπυργος) (طبرق Ṭubruq; also transliterated as Tóbruch, Tobruch, Tobruck and Tubruk) is a port city on Libya's eastern Mediterranean coast, near the border of Egypt.
V Corps was a corps-sized formation of the British Army that saw service in both World War I and World War II.
The Tank, Infantry, Mk III, Valentine was an infantry tank produced in the United Kingdom during the Second World War.
The Via Aemilia (Via Emilia) was a trunk Roman road in the north Italian plain, running from Ariminum (Rimini), on the Adriatic coast, to Placentia (Piacenza) on the river Padus (Po).
Admiral Sir Walter Henry Cowan, 1st Baronet, KCB, DSO & Bar, MVO (11 June 1871 – 14 February 1956), known as Tich Cowan, was a British Royal Navy admiral who saw service in both World War I and World War II; in the latter he was one of the oldest British servicemen on active duty.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
XIII Corps was a corps-sized formation of the British Army that fought on the Western Front during the First World War and was reformed for service during the Second World War, serving in the Mediterranean and Middle East throughout its service.
The 10th Indian Infantry Division was a war formed infantry division of the Indian Army during World War II.
The 10th Princess Mary's Own Gurkha Rifles, (abbreviated to 10 GR), was originally a rifle regiment of the British Indian Army comprising Gurkha soldiers of Nepalese origin.
The 11th Cavalry (Frontier Force), is an armoured regiment of the Pakistan Army.
The Ariete Armoured Division was an armoured division of the Italian Army during World War II.
The 13th Lancers is an armoured regiment of Pakistan Army.
The 18th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service during World War I and World War II.
The 18th King Edward's Own Cavalry was a regular cavalry regiment in the British Indian Army.
The 1st (United Kingdom) Division, formerly known as the 1st Armoured Division, is a division of the British Army, currently the only British division to be stationed in Germany.
The 21st Panzer Division was a German armoured division best known for its role in the battles of the North African Campaign from 1941–1943 during World War II when it was one of the two armoured divisions making up the Deutsches Afrikakorps (DAK).
The German 23rd Infantry Division was a military unit operational during World War II.
The 2nd Armoured Division was an armoured division of the British Army, active during the Second World War.
The 2nd Lancers (Gardner's Horse) is one of the oldest and most highly decorated armoured regiments of the Indian Army.
The 2nd New Zealand Division, initially the New Zealand Division, was an infantry division of the New Zealand Military Forces (New Zealand's army) during the Second World War.
The 31st Indian Armoured Division was an armoured division of the Indian Army during World War II, formed in 1940, originally as the 1st Indian Armoured Division; it consisted of units of the British Army and the British Indian Army.
The 43rd Independent Gurkha Infantry Brigade, also called the 43rd Indian Infantry Brigade or the 43rd Gurkha Lorried Infantry Brigade, was an infantry brigade of the Indian Army during World War II.
The 46th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army raised in 1939 that saw distinguished service during World War II, fighting in the Battle of France and the Battle of Dunkirk where it was evacuated and later in North Africa, Italy and Greece.
The 56th (London) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army, which served under several different titles and designations.
The 6th Queen Elizabeth's Own Gurkha Rifles was a rifle regiment of the British Indian Army comprising Gurkha soldiers of Nepalese origin, before being transferred to the British Army following India's independence.
The 7th Armoured Division was an armoured division of the British Army that saw distinguished active service during World War II, where its exploits in the Western Desert Campaign gained it the Desert Rats nickname.
8 Gorkha Rifles is a Gorkha regiment of the Indian Army comprising Gurkha soldiers of Nepalese origin.
The 90th Light Infantry Division was a light infantry division of the German Army during World War II that served in North Africa as well as Sardinia and Italy.
The 98th Infantry Division (98.) was created on 18 September 1939 in Grafenwöhr.
The 9th Division was a division of the Australian Army that served during World War II.