51 relations: Aitken Double Star Catalogue, Alpha Serpentis, Apparent magnitude, Arabic, Astronomical unit, Bayer designation, Binary star, Bright Star Catalogue, Catalog of Components of Double and Multiple Stars, Centre de données astronomiques de Strasbourg, Circumstellar habitable zone, Constellation, Durchmusterung, Dwarf star, Earth, Epoch (astronomy), Eridanus (constellation), Flamsteed designation, Flare star, Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve, Gliese Catalogue of Nearby Stars, Henry Draper Catalogue, Hercules (constellation), Hipparcos, IAU Working Group on Star Names, International Astronomical Union, Kepler's laws of planetary motion, Latinisation of names, Light-year, Main sequence, Orbit, Orbital eccentricity, Otto Wilhelm von Struve, Procyon, Red dwarf, Serpens, Sirius, Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Star Catalog, Star catalogue, Star chart, Star system, Stefan–Boltzmann constant, Stellar classification, Stellar parallax, Sun, USNO CCD Astrograph Catalog, Van Maanen 2, Variable star designation, White dwarf, William Herschel, ..., X-ray. Expand index (1 more) » « Shrink index
The Aitken Double Star Catalogue, or ADS, is a star catalogue of double stars.
Alpha Serpentis (α Serpentis, abbreviated Alpha Ser, α Ser), also named Unukalhai, is a double star in the head (Serpens Caput) of the equatorial constellation of Serpens.
The apparent magnitude of a celestial object is a number that is a measure of its brightness as seen by an observer on Earth.
Arabic (العَرَبِيَّة) or (عَرَبِيّ) or) is a Central Semitic language that first emerged in Iron Age northwestern Arabia and is now the lingua franca of the Arab world. It is named after the Arabs, a term initially used to describe peoples living from Mesopotamia in the east to the Anti-Lebanon mountains in the west, in northwestern Arabia, and in the Sinai peninsula. Arabic is classified as a macrolanguage comprising 30 modern varieties, including its standard form, Modern Standard Arabic, which is derived from Classical Arabic. As the modern written language, Modern Standard Arabic is widely taught in schools and universities, and is used to varying degrees in workplaces, government, and the media. The two formal varieties are grouped together as Literary Arabic (fuṣḥā), which is the official language of 26 states and the liturgical language of Islam. Modern Standard Arabic largely follows the grammatical standards of Classical Arabic and uses much of the same vocabulary. However, it has discarded some grammatical constructions and vocabulary that no longer have any counterpart in the spoken varieties, and has adopted certain new constructions and vocabulary from the spoken varieties. Much of the new vocabulary is used to denote concepts that have arisen in the post-classical era, especially in modern times. During the Middle Ages, Literary Arabic was a major vehicle of culture in Europe, especially in science, mathematics and philosophy. As a result, many European languages have also borrowed many words from it. Arabic influence, mainly in vocabulary, is seen in European languages, mainly Spanish and to a lesser extent Portuguese, Valencian and Catalan, owing to both the proximity of Christian European and Muslim Arab civilizations and 800 years of Arabic culture and language in the Iberian Peninsula, referred to in Arabic as al-Andalus. Sicilian has about 500 Arabic words as result of Sicily being progressively conquered by Arabs from North Africa, from the mid 9th to mid 10th centuries. Many of these words relate to agriculture and related activities (Hull and Ruffino). Balkan languages, including Greek and Bulgarian, have also acquired a significant number of Arabic words through contact with Ottoman Turkish. Arabic has influenced many languages around the globe throughout its history. Some of the most influenced languages are Persian, Turkish, Spanish, Urdu, Kashmiri, Kurdish, Bosnian, Kazakh, Bengali, Hindi, Malay, Maldivian, Indonesian, Pashto, Punjabi, Tagalog, Sindhi, and Hausa, and some languages in parts of Africa. Conversely, Arabic has borrowed words from other languages, including Greek and Persian in medieval times, and contemporary European languages such as English and French in modern times. Classical Arabic is the liturgical language of 1.8 billion Muslims and Modern Standard Arabic is one of six official languages of the United Nations. All varieties of Arabic combined are spoken by perhaps as many as 422 million speakers (native and non-native) in the Arab world, making it the fifth most spoken language in the world. Arabic is written with the Arabic alphabet, which is an abjad script and is written from right to left, although the spoken varieties are sometimes written in ASCII Latin from left to right with no standardized orthography.
The astronomical unit (symbol: au, ua, or AU) is a unit of length, roughly the distance from Earth to the Sun.
A Bayer designation is a stellar designation in which a specific star is identified by a Greek letter, followed by the genitive form of its parent constellation's Latin name.
A binary star is a star system consisting of two stars orbiting around their common barycenter.
The Bright Star Catalogue, also known as the Yale Catalogue of Bright Stars or Yale Bright Star Catalogue, is a star catalogue that lists all stars of stellar magnitude 6.5 or brighter, which is roughly every star visible to the naked eye from Earth.
The Catalog of Components of Double and Multiple Stars, or CCDM, is an astrometric star catalogue of double and multiple stars.
The Centre de Données astronomiques de Strasbourg (CDS; English translation: Strasbourg Astronomical Data Center) is a data hub which collects and distributes astronomical information.
In astronomy and astrobiology, the circumstellar habitable zone (CHZ), or simply the habitable zone, is the range of orbits around a star within which a planetary surface can support liquid water given sufficient atmospheric pressure.
A constellation is a group of stars that are considered to form imaginary outlines or meaningful patterns on the celestial sphere, typically representing animals, mythological people or gods, mythological creatures, or manufactured devices.
In astronomy, Durchmusterung or Bonner Durchmusterung (BD), is the comprehensive astrometric star catalogue of the whole sky, compiled by the Bonn Observatory (Germany) from 1859 to 1903.
A dwarf star is a star of relatively small size and low luminosity.
Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to harbor life.
In astronomy, an epoch is a moment in time used as a reference point for some time-varying astronomical quantity, such as the celestial coordinates or elliptical orbital elements of a celestial body, because these are subject to perturbations and vary with time.
Eridanus is a constellation in the southern hemisphere.
A Flamsteed designation is a combination of a number and constellation name that uniquely identifies most naked eye stars in the modern constellations visible from southern England.
A flare star is a variable star that can undergo unpredictable dramatic increases in brightness for a few minutes.
Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve (Василий Яковлевич Струве, trans. Vasily Yakovlevich Struve; 15 April 1793 –) was a German-Russian astronomer and geodesist from the famous Struve family.
The Gliese Catalogue of Nearby Stars is a modern star catalogue of stars located within 25 parsecs (81.54 ly) of the Earth.
The Henry Draper Catalogue (HD) is an astronomical star catalogue published between 1918 and 1924, giving spectroscopic classifications for 225,300 stars; it was later expanded by the Henry Draper Extension (HDE), published between 1925 and 1936, which gave classifications for 46,850 more stars, and by the Henry Draper Extension Charts (HDEC), published from 1937 to 1949 in the form of charts, which gave classifications for 86,933 more stars.
Hercules is a constellation named after Hercules, the Roman mythological hero adapted from the Greek hero Heracles.
Hipparcos was a scientific satellite of the European Space Agency (ESA), launched in 1989 and operated until 1993.
The International Astronomical Union (IAU) established a Working Group on Star Names (WGSN) in May 2016 to catalog and standardize proper names for stars for the international astronomical community.
The International Astronomical Union (IAU; Union astronomique internationale, UAI) is an international association of professional astronomers, at the PhD level and beyond, active in professional research and education in astronomy.
In astronomy, Kepler's laws of planetary motion are three scientific laws describing the motion of planets around the Sun.
Latinisation or Latinization is the practice of rendering a non-Latin name (or word) in a Latin style.
The light-year is a unit of length used to express astronomical distances and measures about 9.5 trillion kilometres or 5.9 trillion miles.
In astronomy, the main sequence is a continuous and distinctive band of stars that appear on plots of stellar color versus brightness.
In physics, an orbit is the gravitationally curved trajectory of an object, such as the trajectory of a planet around a star or a natural satellite around a planet.
The orbital eccentricity of an astronomical object is a parameter that determines the amount by which its orbit around another body deviates from a perfect circle.
Otto Wilhelm von Struve (May 7, 1819 (Julian calendar: April 25) – April 14, 1905) was a Russian astronomer.
Procyon, also designated Alpha Canis Minoris (α Canis Minoris, abbreviated Alpha CMi, α CMi), is the brightest star in the constellation of Canis Minor.
A red dwarf (or M dwarf) is a small and relatively cool star on the main sequence, of M spectral type.
Serpens ("the Serpent", Greek Ὄφις) is a constellation of the northern hemisphere.
Sirius (a romanization of Greek Σείριος, Seirios,."glowing" or "scorching") is a star system and the brightest star in the Earth's night sky.
The Smithsonian Astrophysical Observatory Star Catalog is an astrometric star catalogue.
A star catalogue (Commonwealth English) or star catalog (American English), is an astronomical catalogue that lists stars.
A star chart or star map, also called a sky chart or sky map, is a map of the night sky.
A star system or stellar system is a small number of stars that orbit each other, bound by gravitational attraction.
The Stefan–Boltzmann constant (also Stefan's constant), a physical constant denoted by the Greek letter ''σ'' (sigma), is the constant of proportionality in the Stefan–Boltzmann law: "the total intensity radiated over all wavelengths increases as the temperature increases", of a black body which is proportional to the fourth power of the thermodynamic temperature.
In astronomy, stellar classification is the classification of stars based on their spectral characteristics.
Stellar parallax is the apparent shift of position of any nearby star (or other object) against the background of distant objects.
The Sun is the star at the center of the Solar System.
The USNO CCD Astrograph Catalog (UCAC) is an astrometric star catalog of the United States Naval Observatory.
Van Maanen 2 (van Maanen's Star) is a white dwarf.
Variable stars are designated using a variation on the Bayer designation format of an identifying label (as described below) combined with the Latin genitive of the name of the constellation in which the star lies.
A white dwarf, also called a degenerate dwarf, is a stellar core remnant composed mostly of electron-degenerate matter.
Frederick William Herschel, (Friedrich Wilhelm Herschel; 15 November 1738 – 25 August 1822) was a German-born British astronomer, composer and brother of fellow astronomer Caroline Herschel, with whom he worked.
X-rays make up X-radiation, a form of electromagnetic radiation.
40 Eri, 40 Eri A, 40 Eri B, 40 Eri C, 40 Eridani A, 40 Eridani B, 40 Eridani C, 40 Eridani-A, 40 Eridani-B, 40 Eridani-C, ADS 3093, ADS 3093A, ADS 3093B, ADS 3093C, CCDM J04153-0739, CCDM J04153-0739A, CCDM J04153-0739B, CCDM J04153-0739C, DY Eri, DY Eridani, G 160-060, GCTP 945, GJ 166, GJ 166 A, GJ 166 B, GJ 166 C, HD 26965, HD 26976, HIP 19849, HR 1325, Keid, LHS 23, LHS 24, LHS 25, LTT 1907, LTT 1908, LTT 1909, Omicron-2 Eridani, Omicron2 Eridani, SAO 131063, SAO 131065, STF 518, STF 518A, STF 518B, STF 518C, WD 0413-077, WD 0413−077, Ο2 Eri, Ο2 Eridani.