310 relations: Adele, Adult contemporary music, Afrobeat, Afrojack, Album, Alexis Petridis, AllMusic, Alto saxophone, Amazon (company), American Idol, American Music Awards of 2011, Amnéville, André 3000, AnyDecentMusic?, AOL, Argentine Chamber of Phonograms and Videograms Producers, ARIA Charts, Arrangement, Art director, Artists and repertoire, Association of Hungarian Record Companies, Atlanta, Audio engineer, Audio mastering, Audio mixing (recorded music), Australian Recording Industry Association, Babyface (musician), Backing vocalist, Baritone, Battersea Power Station, BBC, BBC Online, Beats Per Minute (website), Best Thing I Never Had, BET, BET Awards 2011, Beyoncé, Beyoncé (album), Billboard (magazine), Billboard 200, Billboard charts, Billboard Hot 100, Born This Way (album), Boyz II Men, Brent Kutzle, Bridge (music), Britney Spears, Broadway theatre, California, Canadian Albums Chart, ..., Carlos McKinney, CBS Interactive, Chad Hugo, Chicago, Chicago Sun-Times, Chicago Tribune, Club Fonograma, Columbia Records, Compact disc, Complex (magazine), Consequence (rapper), Consequence of Sound, Contemporary hit radio, Contemporary R&B, Conway Recording Studios, Countdown (Beyoncé song), Creative consultant, Daily Mail, Dance for You, Dancehall, Dave Audé, Destiny's Child, Diane Warren, Diplo, Discogs, DJ Swivel, DMX (rapper), Doo-wop, Doug E. Fresh, Earth, Wind & Fire, Electronic music, Ellen von Unwerth, End of Time (song), England, Entertainment Weekly, Ester Dean, Eurodance, Executive producer, Facebook, Fan (person), Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana, Fela Kuti, Fela!, Fox News, François Lesage, Frank Ocean, French horn, Funk, G-Music, Galaxie Amnéville, Genius (website), Georgia (U.S. state), Glastonbury Festival 2011, Good Morning America, Grammis, Grammy Award for Best Traditional R&B Performance, Greg Kot, Hard rock, Harmony, Heat (perfume), Hip hop music, Hitlisten, HMV, Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs, I Am... Sasha Fierce, I Care (Beyoncé song), I Miss You (Beyoncé song), I Was Here (song), IFPI Denmark, International Federation of the Phonographic Industry, Internet leak, Irish Recorded Music Association, Isabella Summers, ITunes Store, J. Cole, Jam!, Janet Jackson, Jay-Z, Jeff Bhasker, Jody Rosen, Julie Frost, Jungle City Studios, Kanye West, Kaskade, Keyboard instrument, Kuk Harrell, La Di Da Di, Lady Gaga, Las Vegas, Late Night with Jimmy Fallon, Lauryn Hill, Le Meurice, Lead single, Lenta.ru, Life Is But a Dream, List of Billboard 200 number-one albums of 2011, List of Billboard number-one R&B albums of 2011, List of number-one albums of 2011 (Ireland), List of number-one albums of 2011 (Spain), List of number-one hits of 2011 (Switzerland), List of UK Albums Chart number ones of the 2010s, List of UK R&B Albums Chart number ones of 2011, Live at Roseland: Elements of 4, Live instrumentation, Los Angeles, Los Angeles Times, Love On Top, Luke Steele (musician), Madame Tussauds, Major Lazer, Mathew Knowles, MegaCharts, Melina Matsoukas, Metacritic, Michael Bivins, Michael Jackson, MSN, MSR Studios, MTV, MTV News, Music Canada, Music download, MusicOMH, My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy, NAACP Image Awards, Nathan Morris, Nevada, New York (state), New York City, NME, NPR, Off the Wall, Official Charts Company, Ogg, OLiS, Oricon, Oxegen, Palais Nikaia, Palms Casino Resort, Parkwood Entertainment, Party (Beyoncé song), Patrick "J. Que" Smith, Pazz & Jop, People (magazine), Peter Gabriel, Philadelphia soul, Piers Morgan, Piers Morgan Live, Pitchfork (website), Polish Society of the Phonographic Industry, Pon de Floor, Pop music, Prince (musician), Pro Tools, Pro-Música Brasil, Programming (music), Prometheus Global Media, Purple Rain (song), R&R (magazine), Rakuten.co.uk, Rap-Up, Rather Die Young, RCA Records, Real World Studios, Record Plant, Recorded Music NZ, Recording Industry Association of America, Recording Industry Association of America certification, Reggae, Remix, Rhythm and blues, Rock and roll, Roland TR-808, Rolling Stone, Run the World (Girls), Ryan Tedder, Sanity (music store), Schoolin' Life, Scotland, Sean Garrett, Shea Taylor, Slant Magazine, Slick Rick, Sony Music, Soul music, Soul Train Music Awards, Sound on Sound, Spin (magazine), Stargate (music producers), StarRoc, Start Over (song), Stereogum, Stevie Wonder, Stone Mountain, Georgia, String instrument, Sverigetopplistan, Swarovski, Swedish Recording Industry Association, Swiss Hitparade, Switch (house DJ), Symbolyc One, Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique, Synthesizer, T in the Park, Target Corporation, Tenor saxophone, The A.V. Club, The Boston Globe, The Guardian, The Irish Times, The Music Network, The New York Times, The New Yorker, The Observer, The Stylistics, The Sun (United Kingdom), The View (talk show), The Village Voice, The-Dream, Time (magazine), Tiny Mix Tapes, Tony Maserati, Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums, Tophit, Torch song, Tricky Stewart, Trombone, Uhh Ahh, UK Albums Chart, UK Singles Chart, Ultratop, Uncut (magazine), United Center, United States, Urban contemporary, USA Today, Vibe (magazine), Vibrato, Virginia, Virginia Beach, Virginia, Vybz Kartel, Wanya Morris, Wardrobe stylist, Watch the Throne, Weighted arithmetic mean, Wiltshire, X Factor (French TV series), Yahoo! Music, Zénith de Lille, 1+1 (song), 1176 Peak Limiter, 19 (Adele album), 2011 Billboard Music Awards, 2011 MTV Video Music Awards, 2012 Billboard Music Awards, 21 (Adele album), 38th People's Choice Awards, 4 Intimate Nights with Beyoncé, 4: The Remix, 55th Annual Grammy Awards. Expand index (260 more) » « Shrink index
Adele Laurie Blue Adkins (born 5 May 1988) is an English singer and songwriter.
Adult contemporary music (AC) is a North American term used to describe a form of radio-played popular music, ranging from 1960s vocal and 1970s soft rock music to predominantly ballad-heavy music of the present day, with varying degrees of easy listening, pop, soul, rhythm and blues, quiet storm, and rock influence.
Afrobeat, also known as afrofunk, is a music genre which developed in the 1970s when African musicians began combining elements of West African musical styles such as jùjú music and highlife with American funk and jazz influences, with a focus on chanted vocals, complex intersecting rhythms, and percussion.
Nick van de Wall (born 9 September 1987), better known by his stage name Afrojack, is a Dutch DJ, record producer and remixer from Spijkenisse.
An album is a collection of audio recordings issued as a single item on CD, record, audio tape or another medium.
Alexis Petridis (born 13 September 1971 in Sunderland) is a British journalist, head rock and pop critic for the UK newspaper The Guardian, as well as a regular contributor to the magazine GQ.
AllMusic (previously known as All Music Guide or AMG) is an online music guide.
The alto saxophone, also referred to as the alto sax, is a member of the saxophone family of woodwind instruments invented by Belgian instrument designer Adolphe Sax in the 1840s, and patented in 1846.
Amazon.com, Inc., doing business as Amazon, is an American electronic commerce and cloud computing company based in Seattle, Washington that was founded by Jeff Bezos on July 5, 1994.
American Idol is an American singing competition television series created by Simon Fuller, produced by FremantleMedia North America and 19 Entertainment, and distributed by FremantleMedia North America.
The 39th Annual American Music Awards was held on November 20, 2011, at the Nokia Theatre in Los Angeles.
Amnéville (Amenweiler, 1940-45: Stahlheim) is a commune in the Moselle department in Grand Est in northeastern France.
André Benjamin (born May 27, 1975), better known by his stage name André 3000 (formerly known as André), is an American rapper, singer, songwriter, record producer, dancer, and actor, best known for being part of hip hop duo Outkast alongside fellow rapper Big Boi.
AnyDecentMusic? is a website that collates album reviews from magazines, websites, and newspaper.
AOL (formerly a company known as AOL Inc., originally known as America Online, and stylized as Aol.) is a web portal and online service provider based in New York.
The Argentine Chamber of Phonograms and Videograms Producers (Cámara Argentina de Productores de Fonogramas y Videogramas, CAPIF) is an Argentine organization member of the IFPI, which represents the music industry in the country.
The ARIA Charts are the main Australian music sales charts, issued weekly by the Australian Recording Industry Association.
In music, an arrangement is a musical reconceptualization of a previously composed work.
Art director is the title for a variety of similar job functions in theater, advertising, marketing, publishing, fashion, film and television, the Internet, and video games.
Artists and repertoire (A&R) is the division of a record label or music publishing company that is responsible for talent scouting and overseeing the artistic development of recording artists and songwriters.
The Hungarian Recording Industry Association (Hungarian: Magyar Hanglemezkiadók Szövetsége, more commonly abbreviated to MAHASZ or Mahasz) is the Hungarian music industry association, founded in 1992.
Atlanta is the capital city and most populous municipality of the state of Georgia in the United States.
An audio engineer (also sometimes recording engineer or a vocal engineer) helps to produce a recording or a performance, editing and adjusting sound tracks using equalization and audio effects, mixing, reproduction, and reinforcement of sound.
Mastering, a form of audio post production, is the process of preparing and transferring recorded audio from a source containing the final mix to a data storage device (the master); the source from which all copies will be produced (via methods such as pressing, duplication or replication).
In sound recording and reproduction, audio mixing is the process of combining multitrack recordings into a final mono, stereo or surround sound product.
The Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA) is a trade group representing the Australian recording industry which was established in 1983 by six major record companies, EMI, Festival, CBS, RCA, WEA and Universal replacing the Association of Australian Record Manufacturers (AARM) which was formed in 1956.
Kenneth Brian Edmonds (born April 10, 1959), known professionally as Babyface, is an American singer, songwriter and record producer.
Backing vocalists are singers who provide vocal harmony with the lead vocalist or other backing vocalists.
A baritone is a type of classical male singing voice whose vocal range lies between the bass and the tenor voice types.
Battersea Power Station is a decommissioned coal-fired power station located on the south bank of the River Thames, in Nine Elms, Battersea, an inner-city district of South West London.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
BBC Online, formerly known as BBCi, is the BBC's online service.
Beats Per Minute (formerly One Thirty BPM) is a New York City and Los Angeles-based online publication providing reviews, news, media, interviews, features, and more from both the independent and mainstream spheres of the music world.
"Best Thing I Never Had" is a song recorded by American singer Beyoncé for her fourth studio album, 4 (2011).
Black Entertainment Television (BET, stylised as BET★) is an American basic cable and satellite television channel that is owned by the BET Networks division of Viacom.
The 11th BET Awards took place at the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles, California on June 26, 2011.
Beyoncé Giselle Knowles-Carter (born September 4, 1981) is an American singer, songwriter, dancer, actress, and businesswoman.
Beyoncé is the eponymous fifth solo album by American recording artist Beyoncé, released on December 13, 2013 by Parkwood Entertainment and Columbia Records.
Billboard (styled as billboard) is an American entertainment media brand owned by the Billboard-Hollywood Reporter Media Group, a division of Eldridge Industries.
The Billboard 200 is a record chart ranking the 200 most popular music albums and EPs in the United States.
The Billboard charts tabulate the relative weekly popularity of singles or albums in the United States and elsewhere.
The Billboard Hot 100 is the music industry standard record chart in the United States for songs, published weekly by Billboard magazine.
Born This Way is the second studio album by American singer Lady Gaga, released by Interscope Records on May 23, 2011.
Boyz II Men is an American R&B vocal group from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, best known for emotional ballads and a cappella harmonies.
Brent Michael Kutzle (born August 3, 1985) is an American musician, multi-instrumentalist, songwriter, record producer, and film composer originating from Newport Beach, California.
In music, especially western popular music, a bridge is a contrasting section that prepares for the return of the original material section.
Britney Jean Spears (born December 2, 1981) is an American singer, dancer, and actress.
Broadway theatre,Although theater is the generally preferred spelling in the United States (see American and British English spelling differences), many Broadway venues, performers and trade groups for live dramatic presentations use the spelling theatre.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
The Canadian Albums Chart is the official album sales chart in Canada.
Carlos McKinney (born January 10, 1978) is a Grammy Award-winning American record producer and jazz pianist.
CBS Interactive Inc. (formerly CBS Digital Media Group) is an American media company and is a division of the CBS Corporation.
Charles Edward "Chad" Hugo (born February 24, 1974) is an American multi-instrumentalist and record producer.
Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles.
The Chicago Sun-Times is a daily newspaper published in Chicago, Illinois, United States.
The Chicago Tribune is a daily newspaper based in Chicago, Illinois, United States, owned by Tronc, Inc., formerly Tribune Publishing.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
Club Fonograma was a United States-based daily Internet publication established in 2008 that was devoted to music criticism and commentary, music news, mixtapes, podcasts, and artist interviews.
Columbia Records is an American record label owned by Sony Music Entertainment, a subsidiary of Sony Corporation of America, the North American division of Japanese conglomerate Sony.
Compact disc (CD) is a digital optical disc data storage format that was co-developed by Philips and Sony and released in 1982.
Complex is an American New York-based media platform for youth culture which was founded as a bi-monthly magazine by fashion designer Marc (Ecko) Milecofsky.
Dexter Raymond Mills Jr., better known by his stage name Consequence, is an American hip hop recording artist from Queens, New York City, New York.
Consequence of Sound (CoS) is a Chicago-based online magazine featuring news, editorials, and reviews of music and movies.
Contemporary hit radio (also known as CHR, contemporary hits, hit list, current hits, hit music, top 40, or pop radio) is a radio format that is common in the United States, United Kingdom, Ireland, Canada, New Zealand, Australia, Singapore, Trinidad and Tobago, South Africa, and the Philippines, that focuses on playing current and recurrent popular music as determined by the top 40 music charts.
Contemporary R&B (also known as simply R&B), is a music genre that combines elements of rhythm and blues, pop, soul, funk, hip hop, and electronic music.
Conway Recording Studios is a recording and post production facility in Hollywood, Los Angeles, California, United States.
"Countdown" is a song recorded by American singer Beyoncé for her fourth studio album, 4 (2011).
Creative consultant is a credit that has - particularly in the past - been given to screenwriters who have consulted on a movie screenplay.
The Daily Mail is a British daily middle-marketPeter Wilby, New Statesman, 19 December 2013 (online version: 2 January 2014) tabloid newspaper owned by the Daily Mail and General Trust and published in London.
"Dance for You" is a song by American singer Beyoncé for the deluxe edition of her fourth studio album, 4 (2011).
Dancehall is a genre of Jamaican popular music that originated in the late 1970s.
Dave Audé is an American Grammy-winning producer, house DJ, and remixer.
Destiny's Child was an American girl group whose final and best-known line-up comprised Beyoncé Knowles, Kelly Rowland, and Michelle Williams.
Diane Eve Warren (born September 7, 1956) is an American songwriter.
Thomas Wesley Pentz (born November 10, 1978), better known by his stage name Diplo, is an American music composer, DJ and record producer based in Los Angeles, California.
Discogs (short for discographies) is a website and crowdsourced database of information about audio recordings, including commercial releases, promotional releases, and bootleg or off-label releases.
Jordan Young (born 14 December 1984), known professionally as DJ Swivel, is a Grammy Award-winning Canadian music producer, mixer, audio engineer, and DJ.
Earl Simmons (born December 18, 1970), known professionally as DMX, is an American rapper and actor.
Doo-wop is a genre of rhythm and blues music that was developed in African-American communities in the East Coast of the United States in the 1940s, achieving mainstream popularity in the 1950s and early 1960s.
Doug E. Fresh (born September 17, 1966) is a Barbadian-American rapper, record producer, and beatboxer, also known as the Human Beat Box And the pioneer of 20th-century American beatboxing, Fresh is able to accurately imitate drum machines and various special effects using only his mouth, lips, gums, throat, tongue and a microphone.
Earth, Wind & Fire (EWF) is an American band that has spanned the musical genres of R&B, soul, funk, jazz, disco, pop, rock, Latin, and Afro pop.
Electronic music is music that employs electronic musical instruments, digital instruments and circuitry-based music technology.
Ellen von Unwerth (born January 17, 1954) is a German photographer and director, specializing in erotic femininity.
"End of Time" is a song recorded by American singer Beyoncé for her fourth studio album, 4 (2011).
England is a country that is part of the United Kingdom.
Entertainment Weekly (sometimes abbreviated as EW) is an American magazine, published by Meredith Corporation, that covers film, television, music, Broadway theatre, books and popular culture.
Esther Renay Dean (born April 15, 1986), known professionally as Ester Dean, is an American singer, songwriter, record producer, and actress.
Eurodance (sometimes known as Euro-NRG or Euro) is a genre of electronic dance music that originated in the late 1980s in Europe.
Executive producer (EP) is one of the top positions in the making of a commercial entertainment product.
Facebook is an American online social media and social networking service company based in Menlo Park, California.
A fan, or fanatic, sometimes also termed aficionado or supporter, is a person who is enthusiastically devoted to something or somebody, such as a singer or band, a sports team, a genre, a politician, a book, a movie or an entertainer.
The Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana (FIMI) is an umbrella organization that keeps track of virtually all aspects of the music recording industry in Italy.
Fela Anikulapo Kuti (15 October 1938 – 2 August 1997), also professionally known as Fela Kuti, or simply Fela, was a Nigerian multi-instrumentalist, musician, composer, pioneer of the Afrobeat music genre, human rights activist, and political maverick.
Fela! is a musical with a book by Bill T. Jones and Jim Lewis, based on music and lyrics by the late Nigerian singer Fela Kuti, with additional music by Aaron Johnson and Jordan McLean and additional lyrics by Jim Lewis.
Fox News (officially known as the Fox News Channel, commonly abbreviated to FNC) is an American basic cable and satellite television news channel owned by the Fox Entertainment Group, a subsidiary of 21st Century Fox.
François Lesage (March 31, 1929 – December 1, 2011) was a French couture embroiderer.
Frank Ocean (born Christopher Edwin Breaux; October 28, 1987) is an American singer, songwriter, rapper, record producer and photographer.
The French horn (since the 1930s known simply as the "horn" in some professional music circles) is a brass instrument made of tubing wrapped into a coil with a flared bell.
Funk is a music genre that originated in African American communities in the mid-1960s when African American musicians created a rhythmic, danceable new form of music through a mixture of soul music, jazz, and rhythm and blues (R&B).
G-Music Limited is a company built in 2002 by Rose Records and Tachung Records, both are the largest local music retails and wholesale chains in Taiwan.
Galaxie Amnéville (also known as Galaxie Mega Hall, Galaxie de Metz, Galaxie d'Amnéville or simply Le Galaxie) is an indoor arena located in the commune of Amnéville, France (a suburb of Metz).
Genius (formerly Rap Genius) is an American digital media company.
Georgia is a state in the Southeastern United States.
The 2011 Glastonbury Festival of Contemporary Performing Arts was held from 22–26 June 2011.
Good Morning America (GMA) is an American morning television show that is broadcast on ABC.
The Grammis Awards are the Swedish music awards.
The Grammy Award for Best Traditional R&B Performance is an accolade presented at the Grammy Awards, a ceremony that was established in 1958 and originally named the Gramophone Awards, to performers of quality traditional R&B vocal performances.
Greg Kot (born March 3, 1957) is an American writer, author and journalist.
Hard rock is a loosely defined subgenre of rock music that began in the mid-1960s, with the garage, psychedelic and blues rock movements.
In music, harmony considers the process by which the composition of individual sounds, or superpositions of sounds, is analysed by hearing.
Heat is a perfume endorsed by Beyoncé.
Hip hop music, also called hip-hopMerriam-Webster Dictionary entry on hip-hop, retrieved from: A subculture especially of inner-city black youths who are typically devotees of rap music; the stylized rhythmic music that commonly accompanies rap; also rap together with this music.
Hitlisten also known as Tracklisten is a Danish top 40 record chart that is presented every Thursday midnight at hitlisten.nu.
HMV Retail Ltd. is an entertainment retailing company (registered in England) operating in the United Kingdom.
The Hot R&B/Hip-Hop/Rap Songs is a record chart that ranks the most popular R&B and hip hop songs in the United States and is published weekly by Billboard.
"I Care" is a song recorded by the American singer Beyoncé for her fourth studio album, 4 (2011).
"I Miss You" is a song by American recording artist Beyoncé, taken from her fourth studio album, 4 (2011).
"I Was Here" is a song recorded by American R&B recording artist Beyoncé from her fourth studio album, 4 (2011).
IFPI Denmark is the Danish branch of the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI) and is the official charts provider and recording sales certification body for Denmark.
The International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI) is the organisation that represents the interests of the recording industry worldwide.
An Internet leak occurs when a party's confidential information is released to the public on the Internet.
The Irish Recorded Music Association (IRMA) is a non-profit association set up in 1999 to manage and control the music industry in the Republic of Ireland.
Isabella Janet Florentina Summers (born 31 October 1980) is an English musician, singer, songwriter, producer, remixer and member of English indie rock band Florence and the Machine.
The iTunes Store is a software-based online digital media store operated by Apple Inc. It opened on April 28, 2003, and has been the largest music vendor in the United States since April 2008, and the largest music vendor in the world since February 2010.
Jermaine Lamarr Cole (born January 28, 1985) is an American hip hop recording artist and record producer.
Jam! is a Canadian website which covers entertainment news.
Janet Damita Jo Jackson (born May 16, 1966) is an American singer, songwriter, dancer, and actress.
Shawn Corey Carter (born December 4, 1969) known professionally as Jay-Z (stylized JAY-Z), is an American rapper, songwriter, record producer, and entrepreneur.
Jeff Bhasker (also known as Billy Kraven and U.G.L.Y.) is an Indian-American record producer, songwriter, keyboardist, vocalist, and multi-instrumentalist.
Jody Rosen (born June 21, 1969 in New York City) is an American journalist and author.
Julie Frost is an American songwriter, singer, guitar player and music producer.
Jungle City Studios is a recording studio owned and operated by Ann Mincieli, Alicia Keys's longtime engineer and studio coordinator.
Kanye Omari West (born June 8, 1977) is an American rapper, singer, songwriter, record producer, entrepreneur and fashion designer.
Ryan Gary Raddon (born February 25, 1971), better known by his stage name Kaskade, is an American DJ, record producer and remixer.
A keyboard instrument is a musical instrument played using a keyboard, a row of levers which are pressed by the fingers.
Thaddis Laphonia "Kuk" Harrell is an American songwriter, vocal producer, arranger and engineer.
"La Di Da Di" is a song performed by Doug E. Fresh, who provides the beatboxed instrumental, and MC Ricky D (later known as Slick Rick), who performs the vocals.
Stefani Joanne Angelina Germanotta (born March 28, 1986), known professionally as Lady Gaga, is an American singer, songwriter, and actress.
Las Vegas (Spanish for "The Meadows"), officially the City of Las Vegas and often known simply as Vegas, is the 28th-most populated city in the United States, the most populated city in the state of Nevada, and the county seat of Clark County.
Late Night with Jimmy Fallon is an American late-night talk show hosted by comedian Jimmy Fallon.
Lauryn Noelle Hill (born May 26, 1975) is an American singer, songwriter, rapper, record producer, and actress.
Le Meurice is a 5-star hotel in the 1st arrondissement of Paris opposite the Tuileries Garden, between Place de la Concorde and the Musée du Louvre on the Rue de Rivoli.
A lead single is usually the first single to be released from a studio album, by a musician or a band, before the album itself is released.
Lenta.ru (Лента.Ру; stylised as LƐNTA·RU) is a Moscow-based online newspaper in Russian language, owned by Rambler Media Group which belongs to Prof-Media.
Life Is But a Dream is a 2013 autobiographical television film, directed and executive produced by American singer Beyoncé Knowles.
The highest-selling albums and EPs in the United States are ranked in the ''Billboard'' 200 chart, which is published by Billboard magazine.
These are the albums that reached number one on the Billboard Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums chart in 2011.
The Irish Albums Chart is a record chart compiled by Chart-Track on behalf of the Irish Recorded Music Association.
Top 100 España is a record chart published weekly by PROMUSICAE (Productores de Música de España), a non-profit organization composed by Spain and multinational record companies.
This is a list of the Swiss Hitparade number ones of 2011.
The UK Albums Chart is a weekly record chart based on album sales from Friday to Thursday in the United Kingdom;, there have been 246 number-one albums during the 2010s, by 70 artists.
The UK R&B Chart is a weekly chart, first introduced in October 1994, that ranks the 40 biggest-selling singles and albums that are classified in the R&B genre in the United Kingdom.
Live at Roseland: Elements of 4 is a video album by American recording artist Beyoncé.
In music, live instrumentation is the use of acoustic and electronic musical instruments in live music and recording rather than DJing, sampling, and other recording techniques.
Los Angeles (Spanish for "The Angels";; officially: the City of Los Angeles; colloquially: by its initials L.A.) is the second-most populous city in the United States, after New York City.
The Los Angeles Times is a daily newspaper which has been published in Los Angeles, California since 1881.
"Love On Top" is a song recorded by American singer Beyoncé for her fourth studio album 4 (2011).
Luke James Steele (born 13 December 1979) is an Australian musician, singer and songwriter.
Madame Tussauds is a wax museum in London with smaller museums in a number of other major cities.
Major Lazer is an American electronic dance music trio composed of record producer Diplo, and DJs Jillionaire and Walshy Fire.
Mathew Knowles (born January 9, 1952) is a record label owner, talent manager, and businessman.
MegaCharts, since 2008 called GfK Dutch Charts, is a chart company responsible for the composition and exploitation of a broad collection of official charts in the Netherlands, of which the Single Top 100 and the Album Top 100 are the most known ones.
Melina Matsoukas (born January 14, 1981) is an American director of music videos, television shows and commercials.
Metacritic is a website that aggregates reviews of media products: music albums, video games, films, TV shows, and formerly, books.
Michael Lamont Bivins (born August 10, 1968) is an American singer, rapper and manager, and a founding member of New Edition and Bell Biv DeVoe.
Michael Joseph Jackson (August 29, 1958 – June 25, 2009) was an American singer, songwriter, and dancer.
MSN (stylized as msn) is a web portal and related collection of Internet services and apps for Windows and mobile devices, provided by Microsoft and launched on August 24, 1995, the same release date as Windows 95.
MSR Studios was the largest full-service recording facility in New York City.
MTV (originally an initialism of Music Television) is an American cable and satellite television channel owned by Viacom Media Networks (a division of Viacom) and headquartered in New York City.
MTV News is the news production division of MTV.
Music Canada (formerly Canadian Recording Industry Association (CRIA)) is a Toronto-based, non-profit trade organization that was founded 9 April 1963 to represent the interests of companies that record, manufacture, produce, promote and distribute music in Canada.
A music download is the digital transfer of music via the Internet into a device capable of decoding and playing it, such as a home computer, MP3 player or smartphone.
musicOMH is a London-based online music magazine which publishes independent reviews, features and interviews from across all genres including classical, metal, rock and R&B.
My Beautiful Dark Twisted Fantasy is the fifth studio album by American rapper Kanye West, released on November 22, 2010, by Roc-A-Fella Records.
The NAACP Image Award is an annual awards ceremony presented by the American National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) to honor outstanding people of color in film, television, music, and literature.
Nathan Morris (born June 18, 1971) is an American singer, businessman, and the founding member of American band Boyz II Men.
Nevada (see pronunciations) is a state in the Western, Mountain West, and Southwestern regions of the United States of America.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
New York is a state in the northeastern United States.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
New Musical Express (NME) is a British music journalism website and former magazine that has been published since 1952.
National Public Radio (usually shortened to NPR, stylized as npr) is an American privately and publicly funded non-profit membership media organization based in Washington, D.C. It serves as a national syndicator to a network of over 1,000 public radio stations in the United States.
Off the Wall is the fifth studio album by American singer Michael Jackson, released on August 10, 1979 in the United States by Epic Records and internationally by CBS Records.
The Official Charts Company, also referred to as Official Charts (previously known as the Chart Information Network (CIN) and The Official UK Charts Company) is a British inter-professional organisation that compiles various "official" record charts in the United Kingdom, including the UK Singles Chart, the UK Albums Chart, the UK Singles Downloads Chart and the UK Album Downloads Chart, as well as genre-specific and music video charts.
Ogg is a free, open container format maintained by the Xiph.Org Foundation.
OLiS (Oficjalna Lista Sprzedaży; Official Sales Chart) is the official chart of the highest selling music albums in Poland.
, established in 1999, is the holding company at the head of a Japanese corporate group that supplies statistics and information on music and the music industry in Japan.
Oxegen was a music festival in Ireland, first held from 2004–2011 as a rock and pop festival and again in 2013 with dance and chart acts only.
Palais Nikaïa is an indoor concert hall and multi-purpose facility located in Nice, France.
Palms Casino Resort is a hotel and casino located near the Las Vegas Strip in Paradise, Nevada.
Parkwood Entertainment is an American management and entertainment company founded by American singer Beyoncé in 2010.
"Party" is a song recorded by American singer Beyoncé for her fourth studio album, 4 (2011).
Patrick "j.Que" Smith is a Grammy nominated record producer and songwriter.
Pazz & Jop is an annual poll of musical releases compiled by American newspaper The Village Voice since 1971.
People is an American weekly magazine of celebrity and human-interest stories, published by Meredith Corporation.
Peter Brian Gabriel (born 13 February 1950) is an English singer-songwriter, record producer and humanitarian who rose to fame as the original lead singer and flautist of the progressive rock band Genesis.
Philadelphia soul, sometimes called Philly soul, the Philadelphia sound, or TSOP, is a genre of late 1960s–1970s soul music characterized by funk influences and lush instrumental arrangements, often featuring sweeping strings and piercing horns.
Piers Stefan Pughe-Morgan (né O'Meara; born 30 March 1965) is a British journalist and television personality currently working as a presenter on the ITV Breakfast programme Good Morning Britain.
Piers Morgan Live (formerly known as Piers Morgan Tonight) is a talk show that was hosted by Piers Morgan and broadcast on CNN.
Pitchfork is an American online magazine launched in 1995 by Ryan Schreiber, based in Chicago, Illinois and owned by Condé Nast.
The Polish Society of the Phonographic Industry (Związek Producentów Audio-Video, ZPAV) is the organization that represents the interests of the music industry in Poland, and the Polish chapter of the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI).
"Pon de Floor" is a song by Major Lazer, a collaborative musical project consisting of the American DJ Diplo and the British DJ Switch.
Pop music is a genre of popular music that originated in its modern form in the United States and United Kingdom during the mid-1950s.
Prince Rogers Nelson (June 7, 1958 – April 21, 2016) was an American singer, songwriter, musician, record producer and filmmaker.
Pro Tools is a digital audio workstation developed and released by Avid Technology for Microsoft Windows and macOS which can be used for a wide range of sound recording and sound production purposes.
Pro-Música Brasil (PMB), previously Associação Brasileira dos Produtores de Discos (ABPD) (English: Brazilian Association of Record Producers), is an official representative body of the record labels in the Brazilian phonographic market.
Programming is a form of music production and performance using electronic devices, such as sequencers, to generate sounds of musical instruments.
Prometheus Global Media was a New York City-based B2B media company.
"Purple Rain" is a song by Prince and The Revolution.
R&R (also known as the "new" Radio & Records) was a weekly music trade publication that followed the radio industry and tracked the monitoring of current songs by format, station and audience cumes.
Rakuten.co.uk is a website owned by Rakuten, that operates as an online marketplace.
Rap-Up is a magazine launched in 2001 by founder Devin Lazerine.
"Rather Die Young" is a song recorded by American singer Beyoncé for her fourth studio album, 4 (2011).
RCA Records (formerly legally traded as the RCA Records Label) is an American record label owned by Sony Music, a subsidiary of Sony Corporation of America.
Real World Studios is a residential recording studio founded by Peter Gabriel and situated in the village of Box, Wiltshire, England, near to the city of Bath.
The Record Plant was a series of three famous recording studios which were founded by Gary Kellgren and Chris Stone, beginning in New York City in 1968.
Recorded Music NZ (formerly Recording Industry Association of New Zealand (RIANZ)) is a non-profit trade association of record producers, distributors and recording artists who sell music in New Zealand.
The Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) is a trade organization that represents the recording industry in the United States.
In the United States, the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) awards certification based on the number of albums and singles sold through retail and other ancillary markets.
Reggae is a music genre that originated in Jamaica in the late 1960s.
A remix is a piece of media which has been altered from its original state by adding, removing, and/or changing pieces of the item.
Rhythm and blues, commonly abbreviated as R&B, is a genre of popular music that originated in African American communities in the 1940s.
Rock and roll (often written as rock & roll or rock 'n' roll) is a genre of popular music that originated and evolved in the United States during the late 1940s and early 1950sJim Dawson and Steve Propes, What Was the First Rock'n'Roll Record (1992),.
The Roland TR-808 Rhythm Composer is a drum machine introduced by the Roland Corporation in 1980 and discontinued in 1983.
Rolling Stone is an American monthly magazine that focuses on popular culture.
"Run the World (Girls)" is a song recorded by American recording artist Beyoncé, from her fourth studio album 4 (2011), released as the lead single from the album on April 21, 2011.
Ryan Benjamin Tedder (born June 26, 1979) is an American singer, songwriter, musician, multi-instrumentalist, and record producer.
Sanity is an Australian chain of music and entertainment stores and is the country's second largest retailer of recorded audio and video discs.
"Schoolin' Life" is a song recorded by American recording artist Beyoncé for the deluxe edition of her fourth studio album, 4 (2011).
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
Garrett Hamler (born March 30, 1979), better known by his stage name Sean Garrett, is an American record producer, rapper, singer and songwriter.
Robert "Shea" Taylor is a songwriter/producer/multi-instrumentalist based in New York City.
Slant Magazine is an American online publication that features reviews of movies, music, TV, DVDs, theater, and video games, as well as interviews with actors, directors, and musicians.
Richard Martin Lloyd Walters (born January 14, 1965); better known as Slick Rick, Rick The Ruler and MC Ricky D, is a British-born American rapper.
Sony Music Entertainment (SME) is a Japanese-owned global music conglomerate owned by Sony and incorporated as a general partnership of Sony Music Holdings Inc. through Sony Entertainment Inc., a subsidiary of Sony Corporation of America. (in Japanese), Sony Corporation The company was first founded in 1929 as American Record Corporation and renamed Columbia Recording Corporation in 1938, following its acquisition by the Columbia Broadcasting System. In 1966, the company was reorganized to become CBS Records, and Sony Corporation bought the company in 1988, renaming it under its current name in 1991. In 2004, Sony and Bertelsmann established a 50-50 joint venture called Sony BMG Music Entertainment, which transferred the businesses of Sony Music and Bertelsmann Music Group into one entity. However, in 2008, Sony acquired Bertelsmann's stake, and the company reverted to the SME name shortly after; the buyout allowed Sony to acquire all of BMG's labels, including former Columbia Pictures subsidiary Arista Records as well as RCA Records, and led to the dissolution of BMG, which instead relaunched as BMG Rights Management. Sony Music Entertainment is the second largest of the "Big Three" record companies in the world, behind Universal Music Group (UMG) and ahead of Warner Music Group (WMG). Sony's music publishing division is the world's largest music publisher after the acquisition of EMI. It also owns SYCO Entertainment, which operates some of the world's most successful reality TV format including Got Talent and The X Factor.
Soul music (often referred to simply as soul) is a popular music genre that originated in the African American community in the United States in the late 1950s and early 1960s.
The Soul Train Music Awards is an annual award show which previously aired in national television syndication, and honors the best in Black music and entertainment.
Sound on Sound is an independently owned monthly music technology magazine published by SOS Publications Group, based in Cambridge, United Kingdom.
Spin is an American music magazine founded in 1985 by publisher Bob Guccione, Jr. The magazine stopped running in print in 2012 and currently runs as a webzine.
Stargate is a Norwegian record producing and songwriting team composed of Tor Erik Hermansen (born 14 October 1972) and Mikkel Storleer Eriksen (born 10 December 1972), based in Los Angeles.
StarRoc is an American entertainment company.
"Start Over" is a song by American recording artist Beyoncé taken from her fourth studio album, 4 (2011).
Stereogum is a daily Internet publication that focuses on music news, song premieres, and irreverent commentary.
Stevland Hardaway Morris (né Judkins; born May 13, 1950), known by his stage name Stevie Wonder, is an American singer, songwriter, record producer, and multi-instrumentalist.
Stone Mountain is a city in DeKalb County, Georgia, United States.
String instruments, stringed instruments, or chordophones are musical instruments that produce sound from vibrating strings when the performer plays or sounds the strings in some manner.
Sverigetopplistan (lit. "Sweden top list") is the Swedish national record chart, earlier known as Topplistan (1975–1997) and Hitlistan (1998–2007) and known by its current name since October 2007, based on sales data from the Swedish Recording Industry Association (in Swedish Grammofonleverantörernas förening).
Swarovski is an Austrian producer of lead glass (commonly called crystal) headquartered in Wattens, Austria.
Grammofonleverantörernas förening (GLF), or the Swedish Recording Industry Association in English, is an organization representing the music recording industry of Sweden.
The Swiss Hitparade (Schweizer Hitparade) are Switzerland's main music sales charts.
David James Andrew Taylor, better known his stage name Switch, is an English DJ, songwriter, sound engineer, and record producer.
Larry Darnell Griffin Jr. (born August 3, 1976), professionally known as Symbolyc One or S1, is an American record producer from Waco, Texas.
The National Syndicate of Phonographic Publishing (Syndicat national de l'édition phonographique; SNEP) is the inter-professional organization which protects the interests of the French record industry.
A synthesizer (often abbreviated as synth, also spelled synthesiser) is an electronic musical instrument that generates electric signals that are converted to sound through instrument amplifiers and loudspeakers or headphones.
T in the Park festival was a major Scottish music festival that has been held almost annually since 1994 (the event did not take place in 2017).
Target Corporation is the second-largest department store retailer in the United States, behind Walmart, and is a component of the S&P 500 Index.
The Tenor saxophone is a medium-sized member of the saxophone family, a group of instruments invented by Adolphe Sax in the 1840s.
The A.V. Club is an entertainment website featuring reviews, interviews, and other articles that examine films, music, television, books, games, and other elements of pop culture media.
The Boston Globe (sometimes abbreviated as The Globe) is an American daily newspaper founded and based in Boston, Massachusetts, since its creation by Charles H. Taylor in 1872.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Irish Times is an Irish daily broadsheet newspaper launched on 29 March 1859.
The Music Network is an Australian magazine launched in 1994 by founder John Woodruff.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The New Yorker is an American magazine of reportage, commentary, criticism, essays, fiction, satire, cartoons, and poetry.
The Observer is a British newspaper published on Sundays.
The Stylistics are a Philadelphia soul group that achieved its greatest chart success in the 1970s.
The Sun is a tabloid newspaper published in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland.
The View is an American talk show that was conceived by broadcast journalist Barbara Walters and television producer Bill Geddie.
The Village Voice is an American news and culture paper, known for being the country's first alternative newsweekly.
Terius Youngdell Nash (born September 20, 1977), better known by his stage name The-Dream, is an American singer, songwriter and record producer.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
Tiny Mix Tapes (also TMT or tinymixtapes) is an online music and film webzine that focuses primarily on new music and related news.
Tony Maserati (born Tony Masciarotte) is an American record producer and audio engineer specializing in mixing.
Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums is a chart published by Billboard magazine that ranks R&B and hip hop albums based on sales in the United States and is compiled by Nielsen SoundScan.
Tophit is a Russian music project that deals with online distribution of new songs and music videos to radios and TV-channels respectively as well as publication of music charts, based on the quantity of radio air spins.
A torch song is a sentimental love song, typically one in which the singer laments an unrequited or lost love, either where one party is oblivious to the existence of the other, where one party has moved on, or where a romantic affair has affected the relationship.
Christopher Alan "Tricky" Stewart (born January 4, 1974) is an American record producer, songwriter, executive producer, and music publisher.
The trombone is a musical instrument in the brass family.
"Uhh Ahh" is the title of a number-one R&B single by group Boyz II Men.
The Official Albums Chart is a list of albums ranked by physical and digital sales and (from March 2015) audio streaming in the United Kingdom.
The UK Singles Chart (currently entitled Official Singles Chart) is compiled by the Official Charts Company (OCC), on behalf of the British record industry, listing the top-selling singles in the United Kingdom, based upon physical sales, paid-for downloads and streaming.
Ultratop is an organization which generates and publishes the official record charts in Belgium.
Uncut magazine, trademarked as UNCUT, is a monthly publication based in London.
United Center is an indoor sports arena located in the Near West Side neighborhood of Chicago, Illinois.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
Urban contemporary is a music radio format.
USA Today is an internationally distributed American daily, middle-market newspaper that serves as the flagship publication of its owner, the Gannett Company.
Vibe is an American music and entertainment magazine founded by producer Quincy Jones.
Vibrato (Italian, from past participle of "vibrare", to vibrate) is a musical effect consisting of a regular, pulsating change of pitch.
Virginia (officially the Commonwealth of Virginia) is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains.
Virginia Beach is an independent city located on the southeastern coast of the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States.
Adidja Azim Palmer (born 7 January 1976) better known as Vybz Kartel, is a Jamaican musical artist, record producer, entrepreneur and convicted murderer.
Wanyá Jermaine Morris (born July 29, 1973) is an American singer, best known as a member of the R&B group Boyz II Men.
A wardrobe stylist, also fashion stylist, is a consultant who selects the clothing for published editorial features, print or television advertising campaigns, music videos, concert performances, and any public appearances made by celebrities, models or other public figures.
Watch the Throne is a collaborative studio album by American rappers Jay-Z and Kanye West, released on August 8, 2011 by Roc-A-Fella Records, Roc Nation, and Def Jam Recordings.
The weighted arithmetic mean is similar to an ordinary arithmetic mean (the most common type of average), except that instead of each of the data points contributing equally to the final average, some data points contribute more than others.
Wiltshire is a county in South West England with an area of.
X Factor is a Franco-Belgian television music talent show to find new singing talent after public auditions, intermediate tests, and live shows.
Yahoo! Music, owned by Yahoo!, is the provider of a variety of music services, including Internet radio, music videos, news, artist information, and original programming.
The Zénith de Lille (still known as Zénith Arena) is a multi-purpose indoor arena in Lille, France.
"1+1" is a song recorded by American recording artist Beyoncé for her fourth studio album, 4 (2011).
The 1176LN Peak Limiter is a compressor introduced by UREI in 1967.
19 is the debut studio album by English singer-songwriter Adele.
The 2011 ''Billboard'' Music Awards were held May 22, 2011 at the MGM Grand Garden Arena in Las Vegas, Nevada and hosted by Ken Jeong.
The 2011 MTV Video Music Awards took place on August 28, at Nokia Theatre in Los Angeles, honoring the best music videos from the previous year.
The 2012 ''Billboard'' Music Awards is a music award ceremony that was held on May 20, 2012 at the MGM Grand Garden Arena in Las Vegas, Nevada.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.
21 is the second studio album by English singer-songwriter Adele.
The 38th People's Choice Awards, honoring the best in popular culture for 2011, were held on January 11, 2012 at the Nokia Theatre in Los Angeles, California, and were broadcast live on CBS at 9:00 pm ET.
4 Intimate Nights with Beyoncé was the second concert residency by American recording artist Beyoncé.
4: The Remix is an extended play (EP) by American R&B singer Beyoncé, released through Columbia Records on April 23, 2012.
The 55th Annual Grammy Awards were held on February 10, 2013, at the Staples Center in Los Angeles.