36 relations: Ab urbe condita, Anno Domini, Antioch, Bible, Birthday, Calendar era, Cicero, Common year starting on Monday, Common year starting on Tuesday, Common year starting on Wednesday, Crucifixion, Galilee, Governor, Herod Antipas, Herod Archelaus, Herod the Great, Herodian Tetrarchy, Jerusalem, Jesus, Jews, Judea, Julian calendar, Legio X Fretensis, Marcus Tullius Tiro, Monarchy, Perea (region), Proleptic Julian calendar, Publius Quinctilius Varus, Rebellion, Roman legion, Seneca the Younger, Son, Syria (Roman province), Unrest, 30, 73 BC.
"ab urbe condita" (related to "anno urbis conditae"; A. U. C., AUC, a.u.c.; also "anno urbis", short a.u.) is a Latin phrase meaning "from the founding of the City (Rome)", traditionally dated to 753 BC.
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The terms anno Domini (AD or A.D.) and before Christ (BC or B.C.) are used to label or number years in the Julian and Gregorian calendars.
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Antioch on the Orontes was an ancient Greek - Roman city on the eastern side of the Orontes River.
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The Bible (from Koine Greek τὰ βιβλία, tà biblía, "the books") is a collection of texts sacred in Judaism and Christianity.
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A birthday is an occasion when a person or institution celebrates the anniversary of their birth.
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A calendar era is the year numbering system used by a calendar.
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Marcus Tullius Cicero (Κικέρων, Kikerōn; 3 January 106 BC – 7 December 43 BC) was a Roman philosopher, politician, lawyer, orator, political theorist, consul and constitutionalist.
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This is the calendar for any common year starting on Monday, January 1 (dominical letter G).
This is the calendar for any common year starting on Tuesday, January 1 (dominical letter F).
This is the calendar for any common year starting on Wednesday, January 1 (dominical letter E).
Crucifixion is a form of slow and painful execution in which the victim is tied or nailed to a large wooden cross and left to hang until dead.
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Galilee (הגליל, transliteration HaGalil; الجليل, translit. al-Jalīl) is a region in northern Israel which overlaps with much of the administrative Northern District and Haifa District of the country.
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A governor is, in most cases, a public official with the power to govern the executive branch of a non-sovereign or sub-national level of government, ranking under the head of state.
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Herod Antipater (Ἡρῴδης Ἀντίπατρος, Hērǭdēs Antipatros; born before 20 BC – died after 39 AD), known by the nickname Antipas, was a 1st-century ruler of Galilee and Perea, who bore the title of tetrarch ("ruler of a quarter").
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Herod Archelaus (23 BC – c. 18 AD) was ethnarch (not king) of Samaria, Judea, and Idumea (biblical Edom) from 4 BC to 6 AD, and appointed by Caesar Augustus when Judaea province was formed under direct Roman rule, at the time of the Census of Quirinius.
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Herod (הוֹרְדוֹס, Hordos, Greek: Ἡρῴδης, Hērōdēs; 74/73 BCE – 4 BCE), also known as Herod the Great and Herod I, was a Roman client king of Judea, referred to as the Herodian kingdom.
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The Herodian Tetrarchy was formed following the death of Herod the Great in 4 BCE, when his kingdom was divided between his sons as an inheritance. Judea, the major section of the tetrarchy, was transformed by Rome in 6 CE, abolishing the rule of Herod Archelaus, and forming the Province of Judea by joining together Judea proper (biblical Judah), Samaria and Idumea (biblical Edom). However, other parts of the Herodian Tetrarchy continued to function under Herodians. Thus, Philip the Tetrarch ruled Batanea, with Trachonitis, as well as Auranitis until 34 CE (his domain later being incorporated into the Province of Syria), while Herod Antipas ruled Galilee and Perea until 34 CE.
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Jerusalem (יְרוּשָׁלַיִם; القُدس), located on a plateau in the Judean Mountains between the Mediterranean and the Dead Sea, is one of the oldest cities in the world.
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Jesus (Ἰησοῦς; 7–2 BC to AD 30–33), also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth or Jesus Christ, is the central figure of Christianity, whom the teachings of most Christian denominations hold to be the Son of God.
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The Jews (יְהוּדִים ISO 259-3, Israeli pronunciation), also known as the Jewish people, are an ethnoreligious and ethno-cultural group descended from the Israelites of the Ancient Near East and originating from the historical kingdoms of Israel and Judah.
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Judea or Judæa (from יהודה, Standard Yəhuda Tiberian, Ἰουδαία, Ioudaía; IVDÆA, يهودية, Yahudia) is the biblical, Roman, and modern name of the mountainous southern part of Palestine.
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The Julian calendar, introduced by Julius Caesar in 46 BC (708 AUC), was a reform of the Roman calendar.
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Legio X Fretensis ("Tenth legion of the Strait") was a legion of the Imperial Roman army.
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Marcus Tullius Tiro (died c. 4 BC) was first a slave, then a freedman of Cicero.
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A monarchy is a form of government in which sovereignty is actually or nominally embodied in one or several individual(s) reigning until death or abdication.
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Perea or Peraea (Greek: Περαία, "the country beyond"), was the portion of the kingdom of Herod the Great occupying the eastern side of the Jordan River valley, from about one third the way down from the Sea of Galilee to about one third the way down the eastern shore of the Dead Sea; it did not extend too far to the east.
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The proleptic Julian calendar is produced by extending the Julian calendar backwards to dates preceding AD 4 when the quadrennial leap year stabilized.
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Publius Quinctilius Varus (46 BC Cremona, Roman Republic – 9 AD Germania) was a Roman General and Politician under the first Roman emperor Augustus.
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Rebellion, uprising, or insurrection is a refusal of obedience or order.
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A Roman legion (from Latin legio "military levy, conscription", from legere "to choose") normally indicates the basic ancient Roman army unit recruited specifically from Roman citizens.
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Lucius Annaeus Seneca (often known as Seneca the Younger or simply Seneca; c. 4 BC – AD 65) was a Roman Stoic philosopher, statesman, dramatist, and in one work humorist, of the Silver Age of Latin literature.
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A son is a male offspring; a boy or man in relation to his parents.
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Syria was an early Roman province, annexed to the Roman Republic in 64 BC by Pompey in the Third Mithridatic War following the defeat of Armenian King Tigranes the Great.
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Unrest (also called disaffection) is a sociological phenomenon, for instance.
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Year 30 (XXX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.
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Year 73 BC was a year of the pre-Julian Roman calendar.
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