282 relations: A7V, Abbeville, Aberystwyth, Actions of the Hohenzollern Redoubt, Albert Toft, Aldeburgh, Alexandria, Alfred Drury, Alpenkorps (German Empire), Alton, Hampshire, Amiens, Anti-Aircraft Command, Anti-aircraft warfare, Antwerp, Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders, Armistice of 11 November 1918, Army Reserve (United Kingdom), Arras, Aston Webb, Attack on the Gommecourt Salient, Aubencheul-au-Bac, Australian Light Horse, Épehy, Bahr Yussef, Barrage (artillery), Battle for Caen, Battle honour, Battle of Albert (1918), Battle of Amiens (1918), Battle of Arras (1917), Battle of Aubers Ridge, Battle of Cambrai (1917), Battle of Festubert, Battle of Flers–Courcelette, Battle of France, Battle of Ginchy, Battle of Langemarck (1917), Battle of Le Transloy, Battle of Morval, Battle of Neuve Chapelle, Battle of Passchendaele, Battle of Polygon Wood, Battle of the Bulge, Battle of the Canal du Nord, Battle of the Menin Road Ridge, Béthune, Beating Retreat, Beauval, Somme, Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regiment, Beni Mazar, ..., Berkshire Royal Horse Artillery, Birmingham, Bivouac shelter, Black Friday (1921), Bofors 40 mm gun, Boisleux-Saint-Marc, Bordon and Longmoor Military Camps, Bouchavesnes-Bergen, Boulogne-sur-Mer, Bow, London, Boyelles, Brigade of Guards, British Expeditionary Force (World War II), British Raj, Bullecourt, Burnett baronets, Bury St Edmunds, Cadre (military), Canal de Saint-Quentin, Cardwell Reforms, Catford, Chauny, Childers Reforms, Chipilly, City of London Imperial Volunteers, City of London Police, Cockney, Coventry, Dalston, De Hoghton baronets, Demobilization, Derby Scheme, Devonshire Regiment, Distinguished Service Order, Dunkirk, Dunkirk evacuation, East London, Egypt, Enfilade and defilade, Essex Regiment, Falkland Islands, Farnborough, Hampshire, First Battle of Villers-Bretonneux, First Canadian Army, First day on the Somme, Firth of Clyde, Focke-Wulf Fw 190, Gallipoli Campaign, Glengarry, Grenade, Grove Park, Lewisham, Hackney (parish), Haldane Reforms, Hindenburg Line, HMHS Glenart Castle, Holborn, Horace Brooks Marshall, 1st Baron Marshall of Chipstead, Howitzer, Hoxton, Hundred Days Offensive, I Corps (British India), II Canadian Corps, Infantry, Joseph d'Aguilar Samuda, Kensington Regiment (Princess Louise's), King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry, Klever Reichswald, La Bassée, La Fère, Langemark-Poelkapelle, Lanyard, Le Havre, Lewis gun, Light machine gun, Limehouse, London and South Western Railway, London Regiment (1908–1938), London Scottish (regiment), London Waterloo station, Lovat Scouts, Lower Clapton, Lucheux, Luftwaffe, Machine Gun Corps, Maidstone, Malta, Maricourt, Somme, Marseille, Merville, Nord, Mesopotamian campaign, Messerschmitt Bf 109, Messerschmitt Me 262, Meuse, Military colours, standards and guidons, Military Cross, Militia (United Kingdom), Minya, Egypt, Moudros, Munich Agreement, New Barnet, New Zealand Division, Nijmegen, Nile, No man's land, Normandy landings, North East England, Northumberland Hussars, Oise (river), Operation Bodenplatte, Operation Market Garden, Operation Overlord, Operation Plunder, Operation Torch, Operation Veritable, Order of the British Empire, Ordnance QF 18-pounder, Oskar von Hutier, Pillbox (military), Pioneer (military), Pipe band, Poplar, London, Post Office Rifles, Prisoner of war, QF 3-inch 20 cwt, QF 3.7-inch AA gun, Quarter guard, Queen Victoria's Rifles, RAF Second Tactical Air Force, Ransart, Pas-de-Calais, Rhine, Rifle Brigade (The Prince Consort's Own), Rouen, Royal Army Ordnance Corps, Royal Army Service Corps, Royal Artillery, Royal Corps of Signals, Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers, Royal Engineers, Royal Exchange, London, Royal Field Artillery, Royal Fusiliers, Royal Fusiliers War Memorial, Royal Mail Steam Packet Company, Royal Munster Fusiliers, Royal Stewart tartan, Saint-Omer, Salisbury Plain, Scotland, Sebourg, Seclin, Second Army (United Kingdom), Second Battle of Bapaume, Second Battle of Passchendaele, Second Battle of Villers-Bretonneux, Second Battle of Ypres, Second Boer War, Seine, Sensée Canal, Senussi Campaign, Shrapnel shell, Slades Hill army camp, South Hackney, Southampton, Spanish flu, Spring Offensive, SS Sarnia (1910), SS Snaefell (1906), SS Transylvania (1914), SS Vaderland (1900), St Leonard's, Shoreditch, Stanhope Memorandum, Suffolk Regiment, Sutton Veny, Tadworth, Territorial Force, The Blitz, The National Archives (United Kingdom), The Rangers (British regiment), Tower division, Tower of London, Trainband, Trent Park, Trinidad, V-1 flying bomb, Victoria Cross, Villers-Bretonneux, Viry-Noureuil, Volunteer Force, Volunteer Officers' Decoration, Waal (river), War Office, Wareham, Dorset, Western Front (World War I), Western Front (World War II), White Tower (Tower of London), Winterbourne, Wiltshire, World War I, World War II, Ypres Salient, 113th Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery, 11th Anti-Aircraft Division (United Kingdom), 12th Anti-Aircraft Division (United Kingdom), 140th (4th London) Brigade, 14th (Light) Division, 15th Brigade (Australia), 167th (1st London) Brigade, 168th (2nd London) Brigade, 169th (3rd London) Brigade, 173rd (3/1st London) Brigade, 18th (Eastern) Division, 1st Anti-Aircraft Division (United Kingdom), 1st Royal Naval Brigade, 27th (Home Counties) Anti-Aircraft Brigade, 2nd Anti-Aircraft Brigade (United Kingdom), 2nd Army (German Empire), 34th (South Midland) Anti-Aircraft Brigade, 359th Heavy Anti-Aircraft Battery, Royal Artillery, 3rd (Lahore) Division, 41st Dogras, 42nd Anti-Aircraft Brigade (United Kingdom), 46th (North Midland) Division, 47th (1/2nd London) Division, 49th (West Riding) Infantry Division, 4th Home Counties Brigade, Royal Field Artillery, 53rd Brigade (United Kingdom), 56th (London) Infantry Division, 58th (2/1st London) Division, 63rd (Royal Naval) Division, 71st Division (United Kingdom), 7th (Meerut) Division, 7th Anti-Aircraft Division (United Kingdom), 89th (Cinque Ports) Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery. 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The A7V was a tank introduced by Germany in 1918, during World War I. One hundred chassis were ordered in early 1917, 10 to be finished as fighting vehicles with armoured bodies, and the remainder as Überlandwagen cargo carriers.
Abbeville is a commune in the Somme department and in Hauts-de-France region in northern France.
Aberystwyth (Mouth of the Ystwyth) is a historic market town, administrative centre, and holiday resort within Ceredigion, West Wales, often colloquially known as Aber.
The Actions of the Hohenzollern Redoubt took place from 13–19 October 1915, at the Hohenzollern Redoubt (Hohenzollernwerk) near Auchy-les-Mines in France, on the Western Front in World War I. In the aftermath of the Battle of Loos (25 September – 8 October 1915), the 9th (Scottish) Division captured the strongpoint and then lost it to a German counter-attack.
Albert Toft (3 June 1862 – 18 December 1949) was an English sculptor.
Aldeburgh is a coastal town in the English county of Suffolk.
Alexandria (or; Arabic: الإسكندرية; Egyptian Arabic: إسكندرية; Ⲁⲗⲉⲝⲁⲛⲇⲣⲓⲁ; Ⲣⲁⲕⲟⲧⲉ) is the second-largest city in Egypt and a major economic centre, extending about along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the north central part of the country.
(Edward) Alfred Briscoe Drury (11 November 1856 – 24 December 1944) was an English architectural sculptor and figure in the New Sculpture movement.
The Alpenkorps was a provisional mountain formation of division size formed by the Imperial German Army during World War I. It was considered by the Allies to be one of the best in the German Army.
Alton is a market town and civil parish in Hampshire, England, near the source of the River Wey.
Amiens is a city and commune in northern France, north of Paris and south-west of Lille.
Anti-Aircraft Command (AA Command, or "Ack-Ack Command") was a British Army command of the Second World War that controlled the Territorial Army anti-aircraft artillery and searchlight formations and units defending the United Kingdom.
Anti-aircraft warfare or counter-air defence is defined by NATO as "all measures designed to nullify or reduce the effectiveness of hostile air action."AAP-6 They include ground-and air-based weapon systems, associated sensor systems, command and control arrangements and passive measures (e.g. barrage balloons).
Antwerp (Antwerpen, Anvers) is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders.
The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that existed from 1881 until amalgamation into the Royal Regiment of Scotland on 28 March 2006, from when it became a single battalion in the Royal Regiment of Scotland.
The Armistice of 11 November 1918 was the armistice that ended fighting on land, sea and air in World War I between the Allies and their last opponent, Germany.
The Army Reserve is the active-duty volunteer reserve force and integrated element of the British Army.
Arras (Atrecht) is the capital (chef-lieu/préfecture) of the Pas-de-Calais department, which forms part of the region of Hauts-de-France; prior to the reorganization of 2014 it was located in Nord-Pas-de-Calais.
Sir Aston Webb (22 May 1849 – 21 August 1930) was an English architect who designed the principal facade of Buckingham Palace and the main building of the Victoria and Albert Museum, among other major works around England, many of them in partnership with Ingress Bell.
The Attack on the Gommecourt Salient was a British operation against the northern flank of the German 2nd Army that took place on 1 July 1916, on the Western Front in France, during the First World War.
Aubencheul-au-Bac is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
Australian Light Horse were mounted troops with characteristics of both cavalry and mounted infantry, who served in the Second Boer War and World War I. During the inter-war years, a number of regiments were raised as part of Australia's part-time military force.
Épehy is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
The Bahr Yussef (بحر يوسف; "the waterway of Joseph") is a canal which connects the Nile River with Fayyum in Egypt.
A barrage is massed artillery fire aimed at points, typically apart, along one or more lines that can be from a few hundred to several thousand yards long.
The Battle for Caen (June to August 1944) is the name for the fighting between the British Second Army and German Panzergruppe West in the Second World War for control of the city of Caen and vicinity, during the Battle of Normandy.
A battle honour is an award of a right by a government or sovereign to a military unit to emblazon the name of a battle or operation on its flags ("colours"), uniforms or other accessories where ornamentation is possible.
Battle of Albert (21–23 August 1918) was the third battle by that name fought during World War I, following the First Battle of Albert and the Second Battle of Albert, with each of the series of three being fought roughly two years apart.
The Battle of Amiens, also known as the Third Battle of Picardy (3ème Bataille de Picardie), was the opening phase of the Allied offensive which began on 8 August 1918, later known as the Hundred Days Offensive, that ultimately led to the end of the First World War.
The Battle of Arras (also known as the Second Battle of Arras) was a British offensive on the Western Front during World War I. From 9 April to 16 May 1917, British troops attacked German defences near the French city of Arras on the Western Front.
The Battle of Aubers Ridge was a British offensive on the Western Front on 9 May 1915 during World War I. The battle was part of the British contribution to the Second Battle of Artois, a Franco-British offensive intended to exploit the German diversion of troops to the Eastern Front.
The Battle of Cambrai (Battle of Cambrai, 1917, First Battle of Cambrai and Schlacht von Cambrai) was a British attack followed by the biggest German counter-attack against the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) since 1914, in the First World War.
The Battle of Festubert (15–25 May 1915) was an attack by the British army in the Artois region of France on the western front during World War I. The offensive formed part of a series of attacks by the French Tenth Army and the British First Army in the Second Battle of Artois.
The Battle of Flers–Courcelette was fought during the Battle of the Somme in France, by the French Sixth Army and the British Fourth Army and Reserve Army, against the German 1st Army, during the First World War.
The Battle of France, also known as the Fall of France, was the German invasion of France and the Low Countries during the Second World War.
The Battle of Ginchy took place on 9 September 1916 during the Battle of the Somme, when the 16th (Irish) Division captured the German-held village.
The Battle of Langemarck (16–18 August 1917) was the second Anglo-French general attack of the Third Battle of Ypres, during the First World War.
The Battle of Le Transloy was the last offensive of the Fourth Army of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) in the 1916 Battle of the Somme in France, during the First World War.
The Battle of Morval, 25–28 September 1916, was an attack during the Battle of the Somme by the British Fourth Army on the villages of Morval, Gueudecourt and Lesbœufs held by the German 1st Army, which had been the final objectives of the Battle of Flers–Courcelette (15–22 September).
The Battle of Neuve Chapelle (10–13 March 1915) took place in the First World War.
The Battle of Passchendaele (Flandernschlacht, Deuxième Bataille des Flandres), also known as the Third Battle of Ypres, was a campaign of the First World War, fought by the Allies against the German Empire.
The Battle of Polygon Wood took place during the second phase of the Third Battle of Ypres in World War I and was fought near Ypres in Belgium, in the area from the Menin road to Polygon Wood and thence north, to the area beyond St Julien.
The Battle of the Bulge (16 December 1944 – 25 January 1945) was the last major German offensive campaign on the Western Front during World War II.
The Battle of Canal du Nord was part of a general Allied offensive against German positions on the Western Front during the Hundred Days Offensive of World War I. The battle took place in the Nord-Pas-de-Calais region of France, along an incomplete portion of the Canal du Nord and on the outskirts of Cambrai between 27 September and 1 October 1918.
The Battle of the Menin Road Ridge, sometimes called "Battle of the Menin Road", was the third British general attack of the Third Battle of Ypres in the First World War.
Béthune (archaic and Bethwyn historically in English) is a city in northern France, sub-prefecture of the Pas-de-Calais department.
Beating Retreat is a military ceremony dating to 16th century England and was first used to recall nearby patrolling units to their castle.
Beauval is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
The Bedfordshire and Hertfordshire Regiment was the final title of a line infantry regiment of the British Army that was originally formed in 1688.
Beni Mazar is a city in Egypt.
The Berkshire Royal Horse Artillery was a Territorial Force Royal Horse Artillery battery that was formed in Berkshire in 1908.
Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England, with an estimated population of 1,101,360, making it the second most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
A bivouac shelter is any of a variety of improvised camp site or shelter that is usually of a temporary nature, used especially by soldiers, persons engaged in scouting and mountain climbing.
Black Friday, in British labour history, refers to 15 April 1921, when the leaders of transport and rail unions announced a decision not to call for strike action in support of the miners.
--> The Bofors 40 mm gun, often referred to simply as the Bofors gun, is an anti-aircraft/multi-purpose autocannon designed in the 1930s by the Swedish arms manufacturer AB Bofors.
Boisleux-Saint-Marc is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region in northern France.
Bordon and Longmoor Military Camps are British Army training camps and training area close to the A3 and A325 roads in and around the settlements of Bordon, Longmoor, Liss and Liphook in Hampshire, England.
Bouchavesnes-Bergen is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Boulogne-sur-Mer, often called Boulogne (Latin: Gesoriacum or Bononia, Boulonne-su-Mér, Bonen), is a coastal city in Northern France.
Bow is a neighbourhood and parish in Greater London England, in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets.
Boyelles is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region in northern France.
The Brigade of Guards was an administrative formation of the British Army from 1856 to 1968.
The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the name of the British Army in Western Europe during the Second World War from 2 September 1939 when the BEF GHQ was formed until 31 May 1940, when GHQ closed down.
The British Raj (from rāj, literally, "rule" in Hindustani) was the rule by the British Crown in the Indian subcontinent between 1858 and 1947.
Bullecourt is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region in France.
There have been two baronetcies created for persons with the surname Burnett, one in the Baronetage of Nova Scotia and one in the Baronetage of the United Kingdom.
Bury St Edmunds is a historic market town and civil parish in the in St Edmundsbury district, in the county of Suffolk, England.
A cadre is the complement of commissioned officers and non-commissioned officers of a military unit responsible for training the rest of the unit.
The Canal de Saint-Quentin is a canal in northern France connecting the canalised Escaut River in Cambrai to the Canal latéral à l'Oise and Canal de l'Oise à l'Aisne in Chauny.
The Cardwell Reforms were a series of reforms of the British Army undertaken by Secretary of State for War Edward Cardwell between 1868 and 1874 with the support of Liberal prime minister William Ewart Gladstone.
Catford is a district of south east London and the administrative centre of the London Borough of Lewisham.
Chauny is a commune in the Aisne department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
The Childers Reforms of 1881 reorganised the infantry regiments of the British Army.
Chipilly is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
The City of London Imperial Volunteers (CIV) was a British corps of volunteers during the Second Boer War.
The City of London Police is the territorial police force responsible for law enforcement within the City of London, including the Middle and Inner Temples.
The term cockney has had several distinct geographical, social, and linguistic associations.
Coventry is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England.
Dalston is a district of East London, England, north east of Charing Cross.
The Hoghton or Houghton, later Bold-Hoghton, later de Hoghton Baronetcy, of Hoghton Tower in the County of Lancashire, is a title in the Baronetage of England.
Demobilization or demobilisation (see spelling differences) is the process of standing down a nation's armed forces from combat-ready status.
The Derby Scheme was introduced in Britain in the autumn 1915 by Herbert Kitchener's new Director General of Recruiting, Edward Stanley, 17th Earl of Derby (1865–1948), after which this was named.
The Devonshire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army which served under various titles and served in many wars and conflicts from 1685 to 1958, such as the Second Boer War, the First World War and the Second World War.
The Distinguished Service Order (DSO) is a military decoration of the United Kingdom, and formerly of other parts of the Commonwealth of Nations, awarded for meritorious or distinguished service by officers of the armed forces during wartime, typically in actual combat.
Dunkirk (Dunkerque; Duinkerke(n)) is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
The Dunkirk evacuation, code-named Operation Dynamo, and also known as the Miracle of Dunkirk, was the evacuation of Allied soldiers during World War II from the beaches and harbour of Dunkirk, in the north of France, between 26 May and 4 June 1940.
East London is a popularly and informally defined part of London, capital of the United Kingdom, lying east of the ancient City and north of the River Thames.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
Enfilade and defilade are concepts in military tactics used to describe a military formation's exposure to enemy fire.
The Essex Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 to 1958.
The Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) is an archipelago in the South Atlantic Ocean on the Patagonian Shelf.
Farnborough is a town in north east Hampshire, England, part of the borough of Rushmoor and the Farnborough/Aldershot Built-up Area.
The First Battle of Villers-Bretonneux (30 March – 5 April 1918), took place during Operation Michael, part of the German Spring Offensive on the Western Front.
The First Canadian Army (1reArmée canadienne) was a field army and the senior formation of the Canadian Army that served on the Western Front from July 1944 until May 1945 during the Second World War.
The first day on the Somme, 1 July 1916, was the opening day of the Battle of Albert the name given by the British to the first two weeks of the Battle of the Somme.
The Firth of Clyde is an inlet of the Atlantic Ocean off the southwest coast of Scotland, named for the River Clyde which empties into it.
The Focke-Wulf Fw 190 Würger (Shrike) is a German single-seat, single-engine fighter aircraft designed by Kurt Tank in the late 1930s and widely used during World War II.
The Gallipoli Campaign, also known as the Dardanelles Campaign, the Battle of Gallipoli, or the Battle of Çanakkale (Çanakkale Savaşı), was a campaign of the First World War that took place on the Gallipoli peninsula (Gelibolu in modern Turkey) in the Ottoman Empire between 17 February 1915 and 9 January 1916.
The glengarry bonnet is a traditional Scots cap made of thick-milled woollen material, decorated with a toorie on top, frequently a rosette cockade on the left side, and with ribbons hanging down behind.
A grenade is a small weapon typically thrown by hand.
Grove Park is a district and electoral ward in south east London, England within the London Borough of Lewisham.
Hackney is a parish in the historic county of Middlesex.
The Haldane Reforms were a series of far-ranging reforms of the British Army made from 1906 to 1912, and named after the Secretary of State for War, Richard Burdon Haldane.
The Hindenburg Line (Siegfriedstellung or Siegfried Position) was a German defensive position of World War I, built during the winter of 1916–1917 on the Western Front, from Arras to Laffaux, near Soissons on the Aisne.
HMHS Glenart Castle (His Majesty's Hospital Ship) was a steamship originally built as Galician in 1900 for the Union-Castle Line.
Holborn is a district in the London boroughs of Camden and City of Westminster and a locality in the ward of Farringdon Without in the City of London.
Horace Brooks Marshall, 1st Baron Marshall of Chipstead KCVO PC (5 August 1865–29 March 1936) was an English publisher and newspaper distributor and Lord Mayor of London, 1918–1919.
A howitzer is a type of artillery piece characterized by a relatively short barrel and the use of comparatively small propellant charges to propel projectiles over relatively high trajectories, with a steep angle of descent.
Hoxton is an area of East London, part of the London Borough of Hackney, England.
The Hundred Days Offensive was the final period of the First World War, during which the Allies launched a series of offensives against the Central Powers on the Western Front from 8 August to 11 November 1918, beginning with the Battle of Amiens.
The I Indian Corps was an army corps of the British Indian Army in the Great War.
II Canadian Corps was a corps-level formation that, along with I (British) Corps (August 1, 1944 to April 1, 1945) and I Canadian Corps (April 6, 1943 to November 1943, and April 1, 1945 until the end of hostilities), comprised the First Canadian Army in Northwest Europe during World War II.
Infantry is the branch of an army that engages in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and tank forces.
Joseph d'Aguilar Samuda (21 May 1813 – 27 April 1885) was an English civil engineer and politician.
The Kensington Regiment (Princess Louise's) is a unit of the British Army, which originated in the Volunteer Rifle Corps' movement of the 1850s.
The King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry (KOYLI) was a light infantry regiment of the British Army.
The Klever Reichswald is an Imperial forest in North Rhine-Westphalia (Germany) between the Rivers Rhine and Meuse at the German Dutch border.
La Bassée is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
La Fère is a commune in the Aisne department in Hauts-de-France in France.
Langemark-Poelkapelle is a municipality located in the Belgian province of West Flanders.
A lanyard is a cord or strap worn around the neck, shoulder, or wrist to carry such items as keys or identification cards.
Le Havre, historically called Newhaven in English, is an urban French commune and city in the Seine-Maritime department in the Normandy region of northwestern France.
The Lewis gun (or Lewis automatic machine gun or Lewis automatic rifle) is a First World War-era light machine gun of US design that was perfected and mass-produced in the United Kingdom, and widely used by British and British Empire troops during the war.
A light machine gun (LMG) is a machine gun designed to be employed by an individual soldier, with or without an assistant, as an infantry support weapon.
Limehouse is a district in east London, in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets.
The London and South Western Railway (LSWR) was a railway company in England from 1838 to 1922.
The London Regiment was an infantry regiment in the British Army, part of the Territorial Force (later renamed the Territorial Army).
The London Scottish was a Volunteer infantry regiment of the British Army.
Waterloo station, also known as London Waterloo, is a central London terminus on the National Rail network in the United Kingdom, located in the Waterloo area of the London Borough of Lambeth.
The Lovat Scouts was a British Army unit first formed during the Second Boer War as a Scottish Highland yeomanry regiment of the British Army.
Lower Clapton is a district of East London in the London Borough of Hackney, lying immediately north of Hackney Central, the borough's administrative and retail centre.
Lucheux is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II.
The Machine Gun Corps (MGC) was a corps of the British Army, formed in October 1915 in response to the need for more effective use of machine guns on the Western Front in the First World War.
Maidstone is a large, historically important town in Kent, England, of which it is the county town.
Malta, officially known as the Republic of Malta (Repubblika ta' Malta), is a Southern European island country consisting of an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea.
Maricourt is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Marseille (Provençal: Marselha), is the second-largest city of France and the largest city of the Provence historical region.
Merville is a commune in the Nord department and Hauts-de-France region of northern France.
The Mesopotamian campaign was a campaign in the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I fought between the Allies represented by the British Empire, mostly troops from Britain, Australia and the British Indian, and the Central Powers, mostly of the Ottoman Empire.
The Messerschmitt Bf 109 is a German World War II fighter aircraft that was the backbone of the Luftwaffe's fighter force.
The Messerschmitt Me 262, nicknamed Schwalbe (German: "Swallow") in fighter versions, or Sturmvogel (German: "Storm Bird") in fighter-bomber versions, was the world's first operational jet-powered fighter aircraft.
The Meuse (la Meuse; Walloon: Moûze) or Maas (Maas; Maos or Maas) is a major European river, rising in France and flowing through Belgium and the Netherlands before draining into the North Sea.
In military organizations, the practice of carrying colours, standards or guidons, both to act as a rallying point for troops and to mark the location of the commander, is thought to have originated in Ancient Egypt some 5,000 years ago.
The Military Cross (MC) is the third-level military decoration awarded to officers and (since 1993) other ranks of the British Armed Forces, and used to be awarded to officers of other Commonwealth countries.
The Militia of the United Kingdom were the military reserve forces of the United Kingdom after the Union in 1801 of the former Kingdom of Great Britain and Kingdom of Ireland.
MinyaAlso spelled el… or al… …Menia, …Minia or …Menya.
Moudros (Μούδρος) is a town and a former municipality on the island of Lemnos, North Aegean, Greece.
The Munich Agreement was a settlement permitting Nazi Germany's annexation of portions of Czechoslovakia along the country's borders mainly inhabited by German speakers, for which a new territorial designation, the "Sudetenland", was coined.
New Barnet is an area within the London Borough of Barnet.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
The New Zealand Division was an infantry division of the New Zealand Expeditionary Force raised for service in the First World War.
Nijmegen (Nijmeegs: Nimwegen), historically anglicized as Nimeguen, is a municipality and a city in the Dutch province of Gelderland.
The Nile River (النيل, Egyptian Arabic en-Nīl, Standard Arabic an-Nīl; ⲫⲓⲁⲣⲱ, P(h)iaro; Ancient Egyptian: Ḥ'pī and Jtrw; Biblical Hebrew:, Ha-Ye'or or, Ha-Shiḥor) is a major north-flowing river in northeastern Africa, and is commonly regarded as the longest river in the world, though some sources cite the Amazon River as the longest.
No man's land is land that is unoccupied or is under dispute between parties who leave it unoccupied due to fear or uncertainty.
The Normandy landings were the landing operations on Tuesday, 6 June 1944 of the Allied invasion of Normandy in Operation Overlord during World War II.
North East England is one of nine official regions of England at the first level of NUTS for statistical purposes.
The Northumberland Hussars is a British Territorial Army Squadron equipped with FV107 Scimitar and FV103 Spartan armoured reconnaissance vehicles.
The Oise is a river of Belgium and France, flowing for from its source in the Belgian province of Hainaut, south of Chimay.
Operation Bodenplatte (Baseplate), launched on 1 January 1945, was an attempt by the Luftwaffe to cripple Allied air forces in the Low Countries during the Second World War.
Operation Market Garden (17–25 September 1944) was an unsuccessful Allied military operation planned, and predominantly led, by the British.
Operation Overlord was the codename for the Battle of Normandy, the Allied operation that launched the successful invasion of German-occupied Western Europe during World War II.
Beginning on the night of March 23, 1945 the 21st Army Group under Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery launched Operation Plunder, as a part of a coordinated set of Rhine crossings.
Operation Torch (8–16 November 1942, formerly Operation Gymnast) was a Anglo–American invasion of French North Africa, during the North African Campaign of the Second World War.
Operation Veritable (also known as the Battle of the Reichswald) was the northern part of an Allied pincer movement that took place between 8 February and 11 March 1945 during the final stages of the Second World War.
The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry, rewarding contributions to the arts and sciences, work with charitable and welfare organisations, and public service outside the Civil service.
The Ordnance QF 18 pounder,British military traditionally denoted smaller ordnance by the weight of its standard projectile, in this case approximately or simply 18-pounder Gun, was the standard British Empire field gun of the First World War-era.
Oskar Emil von Hutier (27 August 1857 – 5 December 1934) was a German general during the First World War.
Pillboxes are concrete dug-in guard posts, normally equipped with loopholes through which to fire weapons.
A pioneer is a soldier employed to perform engineering and construction tasks.
A pipe band is a musical ensemble consisting of pipers and drummers.
Poplar is a mainly residential district of the London Borough of Tower Hamlets, East London, about 5.5 miles (8.9 km) east of Charing Cross.
The Post Office Rifles was a unit of the British Army, first formed in 1868 from volunteers as part of the Volunteer Force, which later became the Territorial Force (and later the Territorial Army).
A prisoner of war (POW) is a person, whether combatant or non-combatant, who is held in custody by a belligerent power during or immediately after an armed conflict.
The QF 3 inch 20 cwt anti-aircraft gun became the standard anti-aircraft gun used in the home defence of the United Kingdom against German airships and bombers and on the Western Front in World War I. It was also common on British warships in World War I and submarines in World War II.
The QF 3.7-inch AA was Britain's primary heavy anti-aircraft gun during World War II.
The quarter guard is a small detachment of troops that can be used as a ceremonial guard which may be mounted at the entrance of a military unit to pay compliments as required.
The 9th (County of London) Battalion, London Regiment (Queen Victoria's Rifles) was a Territorial Army infantry battalion of the British Army.
The RAF Second Tactical Air Force (2TAF) was one of three tactical air forces within the Royal Air Force (RAF) during and after the Second World War.
Ransart is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.
--> The Rhine (Rhenus, Rein, Rhein, le Rhin,, Italiano: Reno, Rijn) is a European river that begins in the Swiss canton of Graubünden in the southeastern Swiss Alps, forms part of the Swiss-Liechtenstein, Swiss-Austrian, Swiss-German and then the Franco-German border, then flows through the German Rhineland and the Netherlands and eventually empties into the North Sea.
The Rifle Brigade (The Prince Consort's Own) was an infantry rifle regiment of the British Army formed in January 1800 as the "Experimental Corps of Riflemen" to provide sharpshooters, scouts, and skirmishers.
Rouen (Frankish: Rodomo; Rotomagus, Rothomagus) is a city on the River Seine in the north of France.
The Royal Army Ordnance Corps (RAOC) was a corps of the British Army.
The Royal Army Service Corps (RASC) was a corps of the British Army responsible for land, coastal and lake transport, air despatch, barracks administration, the Army Fire Service, staffing headquarters' units, supply of food, water, fuel and domestic materials such as clothing, furniture and stationery and the supply of technical and military equipment.
The Royal Regiment of Artillery, commonly referred to as the Royal Artillery (RA) and colloquially known as "The Gunners", is the artillery arm of the British Army.
The Royal Corps of Signals (often simply known as the Royal Signals - abbreviated to R SIGNALS) is one of the combat support arms of the British Army.
The Corps of Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers (REME; pronounced phonetically as "Reemee" with stress on the first syllable) is a corps of the British Army that maintains the equipment that the Army uses.
The Corps of Royal Engineers, usually just called the Royal Engineers (RE), and commonly known as the Sappers, is one of the corps of the British Army.
The Royal Exchange in London was founded in the 16th century by the merchant Thomas Gresham on the suggestion of his factor Richard Clough to act as a centre of commerce for the City of London.
The Royal Field Artillery (RFA) of the British Army provided close artillery support for the infantry.
The Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in continuous existence for 283 years.
The Royal Fusiliers War Memorial is a memorial in London that was erected in 1922 and is dedicated to the almost 22,000 soldiers of the Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment) who died during the First World War, including the units that served with the North Russia Relief Force until 1919.
The Royal Mail Steam Packet Company was a British shipping company founded in London in 1839 by a Scot, James MacQueen.
The Royal Munster Fusiliers was a regular infantry regiment of the British Army.
The Royal Stewart tartan is the best known tartan retrospectively associated with the royal House of Stewart, and is also the personal tartan of Queen Elizabeth II.
Saint-Omer (Sint-Omaars) is a commune in France.
Salisbury Plain is a chalk plateau in the south western part of central southern England covering.
Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.
Sebourg is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
Seclin is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
The British Second Army was a field army active during the First and Second World Wars.
The Second Battle of Bapaume was a battle of the First World War that took place at Bapaume in France, from 21 August 1918 to 3 September 1918.
The Second Battle of Passchendaele was the culminating attack during the Third Battle of Ypres of the First World War.
The Second Battle of Villers-Bretonneux (also Actions of Villers-Bretonneux, after the First Battles of the Somme, 1918) took place from 24 to 25 April 1918, during the German Spring Offensive, against the Allied lines to the east of Amiens.
During World War I, the Second Battle of Ypres was fought from for control of the strategic Flemish town of Ypres in western Belgium after the First Battle of Ypres the previous autumn.
The Second Boer War (11 October 1899 – 31 May 1902) was fought between the British Empire and two Boer states, the South African Republic (Republic of Transvaal) and the Orange Free State, over the Empire's influence in South Africa.
The Seine (La Seine) is a river and an important commercial waterway within the Paris Basin in the north of France.
The Canal de la Sensée is a project that was developed under Napoleon.
The Senussi Campaign took place in North Africa, from November 1915 to February 1917, during the First World War between the British Empire and the Kingdom of Italy against the Senussi.
Shrapnel shells were anti-personnel artillery munitions which carried a large number of individual bullets close to the target and then ejected them to allow them to continue along the shell's trajectory and strike the target individually.
Slades Hill army camp was a Second World War British Army camp and anti-aircraft battery in Slades Hill, Enfield, London, that formed part of London's defences against attack by German bombers.
South Hackney is a district in the London Borough of Hackney situated north east of Charing Cross.
Southampton is the largest city in the ceremonial county of Hampshire, England.
The Spanish flu (January 1918 – December 1920), also known as the 1918 flu pandemic, was an unusually deadly influenza pandemic, the first of the two pandemics involving H1N1 influenza virus.
The 1918 Spring Offensive, or Kaiserschlacht (Kaiser's Battle), also known as the Ludendorff Offensive, was a series of German attacks along the Western Front during the First World War, beginning on 21 March 1918, which marked the deepest advances by either side since 1914.
TrSS Sarnia was a passenger vessel built for the London and South Western Railway in 1910.
SS Snaefell (IV), the fourth ship in the company's history to be so named, was a packet steamer originally owned and operated by G. and J. Burns, who sold her to the Isle of Man Steam Packet Company in 1920.
The SS Transylvania was a passenger liner of the Cunard subsidiary Anchor Line, and a sister ship to.
SS Vaderland was an ocean liner launched in July 1900 for the Red Star Line service between Antwerp and New York.
St Leonard's, Shoreditch is the ancient parish church of Shoreditch, often known simply as Shoreditch Church.
The Stanhope Memorandum was a document written by Edward Stanhope, the Secretary of State for War of the United Kingdom, on 8 December 1888.
The Suffolk Regiment was an infantry regiment of the line in the British Army with a history dating back to 1685.
Sutton Veny is a village and civil parish situated in the Wylye Valley, about southeast of the town of Warminster in Wiltshire, England.
Tadworth is a large suburban village in Surrey in the south-east of the Epsom Downs, part of the North Downs.
The Territorial Force was a part-time volunteer organisation, created in 1908 to help meet the military needs of the United Kingdom (UK) without resorting to conscription.
The Blitz was a German bombing offensive against Britain in 1940 and 1941, during the Second World War.
The National Archives (TNA) is a non-ministerial government department.
The Rangers was a volunteer unit of the British Army, originally formed in 1860.
The Tower Division was a Liberty in the ancient county of Middlesex, England.
The Tower of London, officially Her Majesty's Royal Palace and Fortress of the Tower of London, is a historic castle located on the north bank of the River Thames in central London.
Trainbands were companies of militia in England or the Americas, first organized in the 16th century and dissolved in the 18th.
Trent Park is an English country house, together with its former extensive grounds, in north London.
Trinidad is the larger and more populous of the two major islands of Trinidad and Tobago.
The V-1 flying bomb (Vergeltungswaffe 1 "Vengeance Weapon 1")—also known to the Allies as the buzz bomb, or doodlebug, and in Germany as Kirschkern (cherrystone) or Maikäfer (maybug)—was an early cruise missile and the only production aircraft to use a pulsejet for power.
The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest award of the British honours system.
Villers-Bretonneux is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Viry-Noureuil is a commune in the Aisne department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
The Volunteer Force was a citizen army of part-time rifle, artillery and engineer corps, created as a popular movement throughout the British Empire in 1859.
The Volunteer Officers' Decoration, post-nominal letters VD, was instituted in 1892 as an award for long and meritorious service by officers of the United Kingdom's Volunteer Force.
The Waal (Dutch) is the main distributary branch of the river Rhine flowing approximately through the Netherlands.
The War Office was a department of the British Government responsible for the administration of the British Army between 1857 and 1964, when its functions were transferred to the Ministry of Defence.
Wareham is an historic market town and, under the name Wareham Town, a civil parish, in the English county of Dorset.
The Western Front was the main theatre of war during the First World War.
The Western Front was a military theatre of World War II encompassing Denmark, Norway, Luxembourg, Belgium, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, France, Italy, and Germany. World War II military engagements in Southern Europe and elsewhere are generally considered under separate headings. The Western Front was marked by two phases of large-scale combat operations. The first phase saw the capitulation of the Netherlands, Belgium, and France during May and June 1940 after their defeat in the Low Countries and the northern half of France, and continued into an air war between Germany and Britain that climaxed with the Battle of Britain. The second phase consisted of large-scale ground combat (supported by a massive air war considered to be an additional front), which began in June 1944 with the Allied landings in Normandy and continued until the defeat of Germany in May 1945.
The White Tower is a central tower, the old keep, at the Tower of London.
Winterbourne is a civil parish in south east Wiltshire, England, about northeast of Salisbury.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The Ypres Salient is the area around Ypres in Belgium which was the scene of some of the biggest battles in World War I.
The 113th Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment (113th HAA Rgt) was an air defence unit of the British Army's Royal Artillery during World War II.
The 11th Anti-Aircraft Division (11th AA Division) was an air defence formation of the British Army during the early years of World War II.
The 12th Anti-Aircraft Division (12th AA Division) was an air defence formation of the British Army during the early years of World War II.
The 140th (4th London) Brigade was an infantry brigade formation of the British Army's Territorial Army (TA) that had its origins in a South London Brigade (known as the 'Grey Brigade') of the former Volunteer Force.
The 14th (Light) Division was an infantry division of the British Army, one of the Kitchener's Army divisions raised from volunteers by Lord Kitchener during the First World War.
The 15th Brigade was an infantry brigade of the Australian Army.
The 167th (1st London) Brigade was an infantry formation of the British Territorial Army that saw active service in both the First and Second World Wars.
The 168th (2nd London) Brigade was an infantry brigade formation of the British Army that saw service during both World War I and World War II.
The 169th (3rd London) Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service in both the First and the Second World Wars.
The 173rd (3/1st London) Brigade was a formation of the Territorial Force of the British Army.
The 18th (Eastern) Division was an infantry division of the British Army formed in September 1914 during the First World War as part of the K2 Army Group, part of Lord Kitchener's New Armies.
The 1st Anti-Aircraft Division (1st AA Division) was an Air Defence formation of the British Army before and during the early years of World War II.
The 1st Royal Naval Brigade was an infantry brigade of the Royal Navy.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.
27th (Home Counties) Anti-Aircraft Brigade (27 AA Bde) was an Air Defence formation of the British Army in World War II that served in The Blitz and later converted to infantry.
2nd Anti-Aircraft Brigade (2 AA Bde) was an air defence formation of the British Army during World War II, seeing active service in the Battle of France and the North African and Italian campaigns.
The 2nd Army (2.) was an army level command of the German Army in World War I. It was formed on mobilization in August 1914 from the III Army Inspection.
The 34th (South Midland) Anti-Aircraft Brigade (34 AA Bde) was an air defence formation of Anti-Aircraft Command in the British Territorial Army formed shortly before the outbreak of World War II.
The 359th Heavy Anti-Aircraft Battery, Royal Artillery (359th HAA Bty) was an air defence unit of the British Army during World War II.
The 3rd (Lahore) Division was an infantry division of the British Indian Army, first organised in 1852.
The 41st Dogras were an infantry regiment of the British Indian Army.
42nd Anti-Aircraft Brigade was an air defence formation of Britain's Territorial Army (TA).
The 46th (North Midland) Division was an infantry division of the British Army, part of the Territorial Force, that saw service in World War I. At the outbreak of the war, the 46th Division was commanded by Major-General Hon.
The 47th (1/2nd London) Division was an infantry division of the British Army, raised in 1908 as part of the Territorial Force.
The 49th (West Riding) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army.
The IV Home Counties (Howitzer) Brigade, Royal Field Artillery was a new volunteer unit formed in Kent as part of the Territorial Force (TF) in 1908.
The 53rd Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service in both the First and Second World Wars.
The 56th (London) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army, which served under several different titles and designations.
The 58th (2/1st London) Division was an infantry division created in 1915 as part of the massive expansion of the British Army during World War I. It was a 2nd Line Territorial Force formation raised as a duplicate of the 56th (1/1st London) Division.
The 63rd (Royal Naval) Division was a United Kingdom infantry division of the First World War.
71st Division was a short-lived infantry division of the British Army during the First World War.
The 7th (Meerut) Division was an infantry division of the British Indian Army that saw active service during World War I.
The 7th Anti-Aircraft Division was an air defence formation of the British Army during the early years of World War II.
The 89th (Cinque Ports) Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery was an air defence unit of Britain's Territorial Army (TA) raised in Kent just before the outbreak of World War II.
1st Tower Hamlets Rifle Volunteer Brigade, 2nd Tower Hamlets Rifle Volunteer Corps, 460th (City of London) Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery, 4th Battalion, London Regiment, 4th City of London Regiment (Royal Fusiliers), 4th Tower Hamlets Rifle Volunteer Corps, 4th Volunteer Battalion, Royal Fusiliers, 60th (City of London) Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery, 6th (North East London) Tower Hamlets Rifle Volunteer Corps, North East London Rifles.