71 relations: Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic, Babruysk, Baku, Battle of Stalingrad, Belorussian Military District, BM-21 Grad, Boevoi sostav Sovetskoi armii, Brest Fortress, Brest, Belarus, Bug River, Central Front, Cold War, Eastern Front (World War II), Field army, Fortified district, Ganja, Azerbaijan, German–Soviet military parade in Brest-Litovsk, Iran, Ivan Sovetnikov, John Erickson (historian), Kirill Meretskov, Kobryn, Lankaran, Leonid Sandalov, Nakhchivan (city), Nakhichevan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic, Nikolai Gusev, Operation Barbarossa, Pinsk, Pirəkəşkül, Qızılağac, Masally, Qobu, Red Army, Reserve of the Supreme High Command, Rifle corps (Soviet Union), Semyon Bogdanov, Siege of Leningrad, Slutsk, Soviet Army, Soviet invasion of Poland, Soviet order of battle for invasion of Poland in 1939, Soviet Union, Stepan Oborin, Tikhvin, Tomsk, Transcaucasian Front, Transcaucasian Military District, Vasily Chuikov, Volkhov, Volkhov Front, ..., Western Front (Soviet Union), 12th Rifle Division (Soviet Union), 14th Mechanized Corps (Soviet Union), 152 mm gun 2A36, 152 mm towed gun-howitzer M1955 (D-20), 1st Cavalry Division (Soviet Union), 23rd Guards Motor Rifle Division, 285th Rifle Division, 28th Rifle Corps, 292nd Rifle Division, 295th Motor Rifle Division, 2nd Panzer Army, 311th Rifle Division (Soviet Union), 34th Army (Soviet Union), 42nd Guards Motor Rifle Division, 42nd Rifle Division (Soviet Union), 49th Rifle Division (Soviet Union), 4th Army (Wehrmacht), 52nd Army (Soviet Union), 54th Army (Soviet Union), 6th Rifle Division (Soviet Union). Expand index (21 more) » « Shrink index
Azerbaijan (Азәрбајҹан; Azərbaycan), officially the Azerbaijan Soviet Socialist Republic (Azerbaijan SSR; Азәрбајҹан Совет Сосиалист Республикасы, Azərbaycan Sovet Sosialist Respublikası, Азербайджанская Советская Социалистическая Республика, Azerbajdžanskaja Sovetskaja Socialističeskaja Respublika) and the Republic of Azerbaijan (Azərbaycan Respublikası, Азәрбајҹан Республикасы), also referred to as Soviet Azerbaijan, was one of the constituent republics of the Soviet Union between 1922 and 1991.
Babruysk, Babrujsk, or Bobruisk (Бабру́йск, Łacinka: Babrujsk, Бобру́йск, Bobrujsk, באברויסק) is a city in the Mogilev Region of eastern Belarus on the Berezina river.
Baku (Bakı) is the capital and largest city of Azerbaijan, as well as the largest city on the Caspian Sea and of the Caucasus region, with a population of 2,374,000.
The Battle of Stalingrad (23 August 1942 – 2 February 1943) was the largest confrontation of World War II, in which Germany and its allies fought the Soviet Union for control of the city of Stalingrad (now Volgograd) in Southern Russia.
The Byelorussian Military District (Белорусский военный округ, Belarusskiy Voyenyi Okrug; alternative spelling Belorussian) was a military district of the Soviet Armed Forces.
The BM-21 "Grad" (БМ-21 "Град"), is a Soviet truck-mounted 122 mm multiple rocket launcher.
Boevoi sostav Sovetskoi armii ("Combat composition of the Soviet army") is an official Second World War Soviet Army order of battle published in five parts from 1963 through 1990 by the Voroshilov Academy of the General Staff and Voenizdat.
Brest Fortress (Брэсцкая крэпасць,; Брестская крепость,; Twierdza brzeska), formerly known as Brest-Litovsk Fortress, is a 19th-century Russian fortress in Brest, Belarus, the former Byelorussian SSR.
Brest (Брэст There is also the name "Berestye", but it is found only in the Old Russian language and Tarashkevich., Брест Brest, Берестя Berestia, בריסק Brisk), formerly Brest-Litoŭsk (Брэст-Лiтоўск) (Brest-on-the-Bug), is a city (population 340,141 in 2016) in Belarus at the border with Poland opposite the Polish city of Terespol, where the Bug and Mukhavets rivers meet.
The Bug River (Bug or Western Bug; Західний Буг, Zakhidnyy Buh, Захо́дні Буг, Zakhodni Buh; Западный Буг, Zapadnyy Bug) is a major European river which flows through three countries with a total length of.
The Central Front was a major formation of the Red Army during the Second World War.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
The Eastern Front of World War II was a theatre of conflict between the European Axis powers and co-belligerent Finland against the Soviet Union, Poland and other Allies, which encompassed Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Northeast Europe (Baltics), and Southeast Europe (Balkans) from 22 June 1941 to 9 May 1945.
A field army (or numbered army or simply army) is a military formation in many armed forces, composed of two or more corps and may be subordinate to an army group.
A fortified district or fortified region (Укреплённый район, Укрепрайон, ukreplyonny raion, ukrepraion) in the military terminology of the Soviet Union, is a territory within which a complex system of defense fortifications was engineered.
Ganja (Gəncə) is Azerbaijan's second largest city, with a population of around 331,400.
German–Soviet military parade in Brest-Litovsk (Deutsch-sowjetische Siegesparade in Brest-Litowsk, Совместный парад вермахта и РККА в Бресте) refers to an official ceremony held by the troops of Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union on September 22, 1939, during the invasion of Poland in the city of Brest-Litovsk (Brześć nad Bugiem or Brześć Litewski, then in the Second Polish Republic, now Brest in Belarus).
Iran (ایران), also known as Persia, officially the Islamic Republic of Iran (جمهوری اسلامی ایران), is a sovereign state in Western Asia. With over 81 million inhabitants, Iran is the world's 18th-most-populous country. Comprising a land area of, it is the second-largest country in the Middle East and the 17th-largest in the world. Iran is bordered to the northwest by Armenia and the Republic of Azerbaijan, to the north by the Caspian Sea, to the northeast by Turkmenistan, to the east by Afghanistan and Pakistan, to the south by the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, and to the west by Turkey and Iraq. The country's central location in Eurasia and Western Asia, and its proximity to the Strait of Hormuz, give it geostrategic importance. Tehran is the country's capital and largest city, as well as its leading economic and cultural center. Iran is home to one of the world's oldest civilizations, beginning with the formation of the Elamite kingdoms in the fourth millennium BCE. It was first unified by the Iranian Medes in the seventh century BCE, reaching its greatest territorial size in the sixth century BCE, when Cyrus the Great founded the Achaemenid Empire, which stretched from Eastern Europe to the Indus Valley, becoming one of the largest empires in history. The Iranian realm fell to Alexander the Great in the fourth century BCE and was divided into several Hellenistic states. An Iranian rebellion culminated in the establishment of the Parthian Empire, which was succeeded in the third century CE by the Sasanian Empire, a leading world power for the next four centuries. Arab Muslims conquered the empire in the seventh century CE, displacing the indigenous faiths of Zoroastrianism and Manichaeism with Islam. Iran made major contributions to the Islamic Golden Age that followed, producing many influential figures in art and science. After two centuries, a period of various native Muslim dynasties began, which were later conquered by the Turks and the Mongols. The rise of the Safavids in the 15th century led to the reestablishment of a unified Iranian state and national identity, with the country's conversion to Shia Islam marking a turning point in Iranian and Muslim history. Under Nader Shah, Iran was one of the most powerful states in the 18th century, though by the 19th century, a series of conflicts with the Russian Empire led to significant territorial losses. Popular unrest led to the establishment of a constitutional monarchy and the country's first legislature. A 1953 coup instigated by the United Kingdom and the United States resulted in greater autocracy and growing anti-Western resentment. Subsequent unrest against foreign influence and political repression led to the 1979 Revolution and the establishment of an Islamic republic, a political system that includes elements of a parliamentary democracy vetted and supervised by a theocracy governed by an autocratic "Supreme Leader". During the 1980s, the country was engaged in a war with Iraq, which lasted for almost nine years and resulted in a high number of casualties and economic losses for both sides. According to international reports, Iran's human rights record is exceptionally poor. The regime in Iran is undemocratic, and has frequently persecuted and arrested critics of the government and its Supreme Leader. Women's rights in Iran are described as seriously inadequate, and children's rights have been severely violated, with more child offenders being executed in Iran than in any other country in the world. Since the 2000s, Iran's controversial nuclear program has raised concerns, which is part of the basis of the international sanctions against the country. The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, an agreement reached between Iran and the P5+1, was created on 14 July 2015, aimed to loosen the nuclear sanctions in exchange for Iran's restriction in producing enriched uranium. Iran is a founding member of the UN, ECO, NAM, OIC, and OPEC. It is a major regional and middle power, and its large reserves of fossil fuels – which include the world's largest natural gas supply and the fourth-largest proven oil reserves – exert considerable influence in international energy security and the world economy. The country's rich cultural legacy is reflected in part by its 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the third-largest number in Asia and eleventh-largest in the world. Iran is a multicultural country comprising numerous ethnic and linguistic groups, the largest being Persians (61%), Azeris (16%), Kurds (10%), and Lurs (6%).
Ivan Gerasimovich Sovetnikov (June 13, 1897 - February 1, 1957) was a Soviet military leader.
John Erickson FRSE FBA FRSA (17 April 1929 in South Shields – 10 February 2002 in Edinburgh) was a British historian and defence expert who wrote extensively on the Second World War. His two best-known books – The Road to Stalingrad and The Road to Berlin – dealt with the Soviet response to the German invasion of the Soviet Union, covering the period from 1941 to 1945. He was respected for his knowledge of Russia during the Cold War. His Russian language skills and knowledge gained him respect.
Kirill Afanasievich Meretskov (Кири́лл Афана́сьевич Мерецко́в; June 7, 1897 – December 30, 1968) was a Soviet military commander.
Kobryn (Ко́брын; Кобрин; Кобринь; Kobryń; Kobrynas; קאברין) is a city in the Brest Region of Belarus and the center of the Kobryn District.
Lankaran (Lənkəran) is a city in Azerbaijan, on the coast of the Caspian Sea, near the southern border with Iran.
Leonid Mikhaylovich Sandalov (10 April 1900, Vichuga, Ivanovo Oblast – October 23, 1987) was a Soviet military leader with the rank of colonel-general.
Nakhchivan (Naxçıvan, Նախիջևան) is the capital of the eponymous Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic of Azerbaijan, located west of Baku.
The Nakhichevan Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Azerbaijani: italics; Нахичеванская Автономная Советская Социалистическая Республика), abbreviated as Nakhichevan ASSR (Azerbaijani: Нахчыван МССР; Нахичеванская АССР), was an autonomous republic within the Azerbaijan SSR, itself a republic within the Soviet Union.
Nikolay Ivanovich Gusev (Никола́й Ива́нович Гу́сев; – ca. 6 May 1962) was a Soviet Red Army officer.
Operation Barbarossa (German: Unternehmen Barbarossa) was the code name for the Axis invasion of the Soviet Union, which started on Sunday, 22 June 1941, during World War II.
Pinsk (Пі́нск, Pinsk; Пи́нск; Пи́нськ, Pyns'k; Pińsk; Yiddish/פינסק, Pinskas) is a city in Belarus, in the Polesia region, traversed by the river Pina, at the confluence of the Pina and Pripyat rivers.
Perekeshkul (also, Perekeşkül, Pirəkəşkül, Perekeshkul’, Perekischkjul, Perekishkyul’, and Pirekeshkyul’) is a village in the Absheron Rayon of Azerbaijan.
Qızılağac (also, Kizil’-Agach, Kizyl-Agach, Kyzylagach, and Kyzylagadzh) is a village and municipality in the Masally Rayon of Azerbaijan.
Qobu (also, Kobi and Kobu) is a village and municipality in the Absheron Rayon of Azerbaijan.
The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army (Рабоче-крестьянская Красная армия (РККА), Raboche-krest'yanskaya Krasnaya armiya (RKKA), frequently shortened in Russian to Красная aрмия (КА), Krasnaya armiya (KA), in English: Red Army, also in critical literature and folklore of that epoch – Red Horde, Army of Work) was the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, and, after 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
The Reserve of the Supreme High Command (Russian: Резерв Верховного Главнокомандования) (also known as Stavka Reserve or RVGK) comprised formations and units which acted as the principal military reserve of the Soviet Red Army during World War II and now of the Russian Armed Forces.
A rifle corps (translit) was a Soviet corps-level military formation during the mid-twentieth century.
Semyon llyich Bogdanov (Семён Ильич Богданов) (1894–1960) was a Soviet Marshal of the armored troops, twice Hero of the Soviet Union, recipient of many other awards.
The Siege of Leningrad (also known as the Leningrad Blockade (Блокада Ленинграда, transliteration: Blokada Leningrada) and the 900-Day Siege) was a prolonged military blockade undertaken from the south by the Army Group North of Nazi Germany and the Finnish Army in the north, against Leningrad, historically and currently known as Saint Petersburg, in the Eastern Front theatre of World War II.
Slutsk (officially transliterated as Sluck, Слуцк; Слуцк; Słuck, Sluckas, Yiddish/Hebrew: סלוצק Slotsk) is a city in Belarus, located on the Sluch River south of Minsk.
The Soviet Army (SA; Советская Армия, Sovetskaya Armiya) is the name given to the main land-based branch of the Soviet Armed Forces between February 1946 and December 1991, when it was replaced with the Russian Ground Forces, although it was not taken fully out of service until 25 December 1993.
The Soviet invasion of Poland was a Soviet Union military operation that started without a formal declaration of war on 17 September 1939.
The Soviet order of battle for the invasion of Poland in 1939 details the major combat units arrayed for the Soviet surprise attack on Poland on September 17, 1939.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Stepan Ilyich Oborin (15 August 1892 – 16 October 1941) was a Red Army major general.
Tikhvin (Ти́хвин) is a town and the administrative center of Tikhvinsky District in Leningrad Oblast, Russia, located on both banks of the Tikhvinka River in the east of the oblast, east of St. Petersburg.
Tomsk (p) is a city and the administrative center of Tomsk Oblast in Russia, located on the Tom River.
Transcaucasian Front or Transcaucasus Front (Закавказский Фронт) was a front of the Red Army during the Second World War.
The Transcaucasian Military District, a military district of the Soviet Armed Forces, traces its history to May 1921 and the incorporation of Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia into the Soviet Union.
Vasily Ivanovich Chuikov (12 February 1900 – 18 March 1982) was a Soviet military officer.
Volkhov (Во́лхов) is an industrial town and the administrative center of Volkhovsky District in Leningrad Oblast, Russia, located on the Volkhov River east of St. Petersburg.
The Volkhov Front (Волховский фронт) was a major formation of the Red Army during the first period of the Second World War.
The Western Front was a front of the Red Army, one of the Red Army Fronts during World War II.
The 12th Rifle Division was an infantry division of the Red Army, formed twice.
The 14th Mechanized Corps (Military Unit Number 8535) was a mechanized corps of the Red Army.
The 2A36 Giatsint-B is a Soviet/Russian towed 152 mm field gun which entered service in 1975.
The 152 mm gun-howitzer M1955, also known as the D-20, (152-мм пушка-гаубица Д-20 обр.) is a manually loaded, towed 152 mm artillery piece, manufactured in the Soviet Union during the 1950s.
The 1st Zaporozhye Red Cossack Cavalry Division (1st CD) was a Red Army cavalry division.
The 23rd Guards Motor Rifle Division of the Soviet Union's Red Army was a Motor Rifle Division active during the Cold War.
The 285th Rifle Division was an infantry division of the Soviet Union's Red Army during World War II.
The 28th Rifle Corps was a corps of the Soviet Red Army.
The 292nd Rifle Division was an infantry division of the Soviet Union's Red Army during World War II, formed three times.
The 295th Khersonskaya order of Lenin Red Banner order of Suvorov Motorised Rifle Division (Russian: 295-я мотострелковая Херсонская ордена Ленина Краснознамённая ордена Суворова дивизия) (Military Unit: 39486) was a division of the Soviet Ground Forces.
The 2nd Panzer Army (2.) was a German armoured formation during World War II, formed from the 2nd Panzer Group on October 5, 1941.
The 311th Rifle Division was a standard Red Army rifle division formed on July 14, 1941 at Kirov before being sent to the vicinity of Leningrad, where it spent most of the war, sharing a similar combat path with its "sister", the 310th Rifle Division.
The 34th Army was part of the Red Army during the Second World War.
The 42nd Guards "Evpatoriyskaya Red Banner" Motor Rifle Division (Military Unit Number 29410 until 1987; 28320 afterwards)Michael Holm,, accessed February 2015.
The 42nd Rifle Division was a unit of the Red Army during the Great Patriotic War.
The 49th Rifle Division was a Soviet Army infantry division, formed three times.
The 4th Army was a field army of the Wehrmacht during World War II.
The 52nd Army was a field army of the Red Army of the Soviet Union in World War II, formed twice.
The Red Army's 54th Army was a Soviet field army during the Second World War.
The 6th Rifle Division was an infantry division of the Soviet Union's Red Army, formed twice.