93 relations: Adenylyl cyclase, AGH-107, Agonist, Alternative splicing, Amisulpride, Amitriptyline, Amoxapine, Aripiprazole, AS-19 (drug), Autism, Bromocriptine, C-terminus, Cerebral cortex, Circadian rhythm, Circulatory system, Clomipramine, Clozapine, Cyclic adenosine monophosphate, DR-4485, E-55888, Efficacy, EGIS-12,233, Fluperlapine, Fluphenazine, G protein–coupled receptor, Gastrointestinal tract, Gene, Gs alpha subunit, Heterotrimeric G protein, Hippocampus, Hypothalamus, Imipramine, Intracellular, Inverse agonist, Ketanserin, Learning, Lisuride, Locus (genetics), Loxapine, LP-12, LP-211, LP-44, Lurasidone, LY-215,840, Major depressive disorder, Maprotiline, Memory, Mesulergine, Metergoline, Methysergide, ..., Metitepine, Mianserin, Molecular binding, Mood (psychology), Muscle relaxant, N,N-Dimethyltryptamine, N-Methylserotonin, Neurotransmitter, Olanzapine, Paliperidone, Partial agonist, Pimozide, Receptor (biochemistry), Receptor antagonist, Risperidone, Ritanserin, SB-258719, SB-269970, Second messenger system, Serotonin, Sertindole, Sleep, Smooth muscle tissue, Spiperone, Thalamus, Thermoregulation, Trifluoperazine, Trifluoromethylphenylpiperazine, Vortioxetine, Ziprasidone, Zotepine, 1-(2-Diphenyl)piperazine, 5-Carboxamidotryptamine, 5-HT receptor, 5-HT1 receptor, 5-HT1A receptor, 5-HT2 receptor, 5-HT3 receptor, 5-HT4 receptor, 5-HT5A receptor, 5-HT6 receptor, 5-Methoxytryptamine, 8-OH-DPAT. Expand index (43 more) » « Shrink index
Adenylyl cyclase (also commonly known as adenyl cyclase and adenylate cyclase, abbreviated AC) is an enzyme with key regulatory roles in essentially all cells.
AGH-107 is a potent and selective, water soluble and brain penetrant full agonist at the 5HT7 serotonin receptor.
An agonist is a chemical that binds to a receptor and activates the receptor to produce a biological response.
Alternative splicing, or differential splicing, is a regulated process during gene expression that results in a single gene coding for multiple proteins.
Amisulpride, sold under the brand name Solian among others, is an antipsychotic medication used to treat schizophrenia.
Amitriptyline, sold under the brand name Elavil among others, is a medicine primarily used to treat a number of mental illnesses.
Amoxapine, sold under the brand name Asendin among others, is a tetracyclic antidepressant (TeCA), though it is often classified as a tricyclic antidepressant (TCA).
Aripiprazole, sold under the brand name Abilify among others, is an atypical antipsychotic. It is recommended and primarily used in the treatment of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder. Other uses include as an add-on treatment in major depressive disorder, tic disorders, and irritability associated with autism. According to a Cochrane review, evidence for the oral form in schizophrenia is not sufficient to determine effects on general functioning. Additionally, because many people dropped out of the medication trials before they were completed, the overall strength of the conclusions is low. Side effects include neuroleptic malignant syndrome, a movement disorder known as tardive dyskinesia, and high blood sugar in those with diabetes. In the elderly there is an increased risk of death. It is thus not recommended for use in those with psychosis due to dementia. It is pregnancy category C in the United States and category C in Australia, meaning there is possible evidence of harm to the fetus. It is not recommended for women who are breastfeeding. It is unclear whether it is safe or effective in people less than 18 years old. It is a partial dopamine agonist. Aripiprazole was developed by Otsuka in Japan. In the United States, Otsuka America markets it jointly with Bristol-Myers Squibb. From April 2013 to March 2014, sales of Abilify amounted to almost $6.9 billion.
AS-19 is a substance which acts as a potent agonist at the 5HT7 receptor, with an IC50 of 0.83nM.
Autism is a developmental disorder characterized by troubles with social interaction and communication and by restricted and repetitive behavior.
Bromocriptine (originally marketed as Parlodel, subsequently under many names) is an ergoline derivative, is a dopamine agonist that is used in the treatment of pituitary tumors, Parkinson's disease (PD), hyperprolactinaemia, neuroleptic malignant syndrome, and type 2 diabetes.
The C-terminus (also known as the carboxyl-terminus, carboxy-terminus, C-terminal tail, C-terminal end, or COOH-terminus) is the end of an amino acid chain (protein or polypeptide), terminated by a free carboxyl group (-COOH).
The cerebral cortex is the largest region of the cerebrum in the mammalian brain and plays a key role in memory, attention, perception, cognition, awareness, thought, language, and consciousness.
A circadian rhythm is any biological process that displays an endogenous, entrainable oscillation of about 24 hours.
The circulatory system, also called the cardiovascular system or the vascular system, is an organ system that permits blood to circulate and transport nutrients (such as amino acids and electrolytes), oxygen, carbon dioxide, hormones, and blood cells to and from the cells in the body to provide nourishment and help in fighting diseases, stabilize temperature and pH, and maintain homeostasis.
Clomipramine, sold under the brand name Anafranil among others, is a tricyclic antidepressant (TCA).
Clozapine, sold under the brand name Clozaril among others, is an atypical antipsychotic medication.
Cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP, cyclic AMP, or 3',5'-cyclic adenosine monophosphate) is a second messenger important in many biological processes.
DR-4485 is a compound which acts as a potent and selective antagonist for the 5-HT7 receptor, with good oral bioavailability.
E-55888 is a drug developed by Esteve, which acts as a potent and selective full agonist at the 5HT7 serotonin receptor, and is used for investigating the role of 5-HT7 receptors in the perception of pain.
Efficacy is the ability to get a job done satisfactorily.
EGIS-12,233 is a drug with applications in scientific research, acting as a potent and selective antagonist for both the 5-HT6 and 5-HT7 serotonin receptor subtypes, with good selectivity over other receptors.
Fluperlapine (NB 106-689), also known as fluoroperlapine, is a morphanthridine (11H-dibenzoazepine) atypical antipsychotic with additional antidepressant and sedative effects.
Fluphenazine, sold under the brand names Prolixin among others, is an antipsychotic medication.
G protein–coupled receptors (GPCRs), also known as seven-(pass)-transmembrane domain receptors, 7TM receptors, heptahelical receptors, serpentine receptor, and G protein–linked receptors (GPLR), constitute a large protein family of receptors that detect molecules outside the cell and activate internal signal transduction pathways and, ultimately, cellular responses.
The gastrointestinal tract (digestive tract, digestional tract, GI tract, GIT, gut, or alimentary canal) is an organ system within humans and other animals which takes in food, digests it to extract and absorb energy and nutrients, and expels the remaining waste as feces.
In biology, a gene is a sequence of DNA or RNA that codes for a molecule that has a function.
The Gs alpha subunit (Gαs, Gsα, or Gs protein) is a heterotrimeric G protein subunit that activates the cAMP-dependent pathway by activating adenylyl cyclase.
"G protein" usually refers to the membrane-associated heterotrimeric G proteins, sometimes referred to as the "large" G proteins (as opposed to the subclass of smaller, monomeric small GTPases).
The hippocampus (named after its resemblance to the seahorse, from the Greek ἱππόκαμπος, "seahorse" from ἵππος hippos, "horse" and κάμπος kampos, "sea monster") is a major component of the brains of humans and other vertebrates.
The hypothalamus(from Greek ὑπό, "under" and θάλαμος, thalamus) is a portion of the brain that contains a number of small nuclei with a variety of functions.
Imipramine, sold under the brand name Tofranil among others, is a tricyclic antidepressant (TCA) which is used mainly in the treatment of depression.
In cell biology, molecular biology and related fields, the word intracellular means "inside the cell".
In the field of pharmacology, an inverse agonist is an agent that binds to the same receptor as an agonist but induces a pharmacological response opposite to that agonist.
Ketanserin (INN, USAN, BAN) (brand name Sufrexal; former developmental code name R41468) is a drug used clinically as an antihypertensive agent and in scientific research to study the serotonin system; specifically, the 5-HT2 receptor family.
Learning is the process of acquiring new or modifying existing knowledge, behaviors, skills, values, or preferences.
Lisuride, sold under the brand names Dopergin, Proclacam, and Revanil, is an antiparkinson agent of the iso-ergoline class, chemically related to the dopaminergic ergoline Parkinson's drugs.
A locus (plural loci) in genetics is a fixed position on a chromosome, like the position of a gene or a marker (genetic marker).
Loxapine (several trade names worldwide) is a typical antipsychotic medication, used primarily in the treatment of schizophrenia.
LP-12 is a drug which acts as a potent agonist at the 5HT7 serotonin receptor, with very high selectivity over other tested receptor subtypes such as the serotonin 5-HT1A and 5-HT2A, and the dopamine D2 receptor.
LP-211 is a drug which acts as a potent and selective agonist at the 5HT7 serotonin receptor, with better brain penetration than older 5-HT7 agonists in the same series, and similar effects in animals.
LP-44 is a drug which acts as a potent and selective agonist at the 5HT7 serotonin receptor.
Lurasidone (trade name Latuda) is an atypical antipsychotic developed by Dainippon Sumitomo Pharma and marketed by Sunovion in the U.S. It has been an FDA approved treatment for schizophrenia since 2010 and for treating depressive episodes in adults with bipolar I disorder since 2013.
LY-215,840 is an ergoline derivative drug developed by Eli Lilly, which acts as a potent and selective antagonist at the serotonin 5-HT2 and 5-HT7 receptors.
Major depressive disorder (MDD), also known simply as depression, is a mental disorder characterized by at least two weeks of low mood that is present across most situations.
Maprotiline, sold under the brand name Ludiomil among others, is a tetracyclic antidepressant (TeCA) that is used in the treatment of depression.
Memory is the faculty of the mind by which information is encoded, stored, and retrieved.
Metergoline is a psychoactive drug of the ergoline chemical class which acts as a ligand for various serotonin and dopamine receptors.
Methysergide (1-methyl-D-lysergic acid butanolamide or UML-491) also known as methysergide maleate, is an ergot derived prescription drug used for the prophylaxis of difficult to treat migraine and cluster headaches.
Metitepine (developmental code names Ro 8-6837 (maleate), VUFB-6276 (mesylate)), also known as methiothepin, is a drug described as a "psychotropic agent" of the tricyclic group which was never marketed.
Mianserin, sold under the brand name Tolvon among others, is an atypical antidepressant which is used in the treatment of depression in Europe and elsewhere in the world.
Molecular binding is an attractive interaction between two molecules that results in a stable association in which the molecules are in close proximity to each other.
In psychology, a mood is an emotional state.
A muscle relaxant is a drug that affects skeletal muscle function and decreases the muscle tone.
N,N-Dimethyltryptamine (DMT or N,N-DMT) is a tryptamine molecule which occurs in many plants and animals.
N-Methylserotonin is a tryptamine alkaloid.
Neurotransmitters are endogenous chemicals that enable neurotransmission.
Olanzapine (originally branded Zyprexa) is an antipsychotic medication used to treat schizophrenia and bipolar disorder.
Paliperidone, sold under the trade name Invega among others, is a dopamine antagonist and 5-HT2A antagonist of the atypical antipsychotic class of medications.
In pharmacology, partial agonists are drugs that bind to and activate a given receptor, but have only partial efficacy at the receptor relative to a full agonist.
Pimozide (sold under the brand name Orap) is an antipsychotic drug of the diphenylbutylpiperidine class.
In biochemistry and pharmacology, a receptor is a protein molecule that receives chemical signals from outside a cell.
A receptor antagonist is a type of receptor ligand or drug that blocks or dampens a biological response by binding to and blocking a receptor rather than activating it like an agonist.
Risperidone, sold under the trade name Risperdal among others, is an antipsychotic medication.
Ritanserin (INN, USAN, BAN) is a serotonin receptor antagonist which was never marketed for clinical use but has been used in scientific research.
SB-258719 is a drug developed by GlaxoSmithKline which acts as a selective 5-HT7 receptor partial inverse agonist, and was the first such ligand identified for 5-HT7.
SB-269970 is a drug and research chemical developed by GlaxoSmithKline used in scientific studies.
Second messengers are intracellular signaling molecules released by the cell in response to exposure to extracellular signaling molecules—the first messengers.
Serotonin or 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) is a monoamine neurotransmitter.
Sertindole (brand names: Serdolect and Serlect) is an antipsychotic medication.
Sleep is a naturally recurring state of mind and body, characterized by altered consciousness, relatively inhibited sensory activity, inhibition of nearly all voluntary muscles, and reduced interactions with surroundings.
Smooth muscle is an involuntary non-striated muscle.
Spiperone (Spiroperidol; brand name: Spiropitan (JP)) is a typical antipsychotic and research chemical belonging to the butyrophenone chemical class.
The thalamus (from Greek θάλαμος, "chamber") is the large mass of gray matter in the dorsal part of the diencephalon of the brain with several functions such as relaying of sensory signals, including motor signals, to the cerebral cortex, and the regulation of consciousness, sleep, and alertness.
Thermoregulation is the ability of an organism to keep its body temperature within certain boundaries, even when the surrounding temperature is very different.
Trifluoperazine, sold under a number of brand names, is a typical antipsychotic primarily used to treat schizophrenia.
3-Trifluoromethylphenylpiperazine (TFMPP) is a recreational drug of the piperazine chemical class.
Vortioxetine is an antidepressant medication that is prescribed to treat depression.
Ziprasidone, sold under the brand name Geodon among others, is an atypical antipsychotic which is used for the treatment of schizophrenia as well as acute mania and mixed states associated with bipolar disorder.
Zotepine (brand names: Losizopilon (JP), Lodopin (ID, JP), Setous (JP), Zoleptil (CZ, PT, TR, UK†); where † indicates a formulation that has been discontinued) is an atypical antipsychotic drug indicated for acute and chronic schizophrenia.
1-(2-Diphenyl)piperazine, also known as RA-7, is a drug which acts as a potent and selective agonist at the 5HT7 serotonin receptor.
5-Carboxamidotryptamine (5-CT) is a tryptamine derivative closely related to the neurotransmitter serotonin.
5-hydroxytryptamine receptors or 5-HT receptors, or serotonin receptors, are a group of G protein-coupled receptor and ligand-gated ion channels found in the central and peripheral nervous systems.
The 5-HT1 receptors are a subfamily of the 5-HT serotonin receptors that bind to the endogenous neurotransmitter serotonin (also known as 5-hydroxytryptamine, or 5-HT).
The serotonin 1A receptor (or 5-HT1A receptor) is a subtype of serotonin receptor (5-HT receptor) that binds the neurotransmitter serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT).
The 5-HT2 receptors are a subfamily of 5-HT receptors that bind the endogenous neurotransmitter serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5-HT).
The 5-HT3 receptor belongs to the Cys-loop superfamily of ligand-gated ion channels (LGICs) and therefore differs structurally and functionally from all other 5-HT receptors (5-hydroxytryptamine, or serotonin) receptors which are G protein-coupled receptors.
5-Hydroxytryptamine receptor 4 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the HTR4 gene.
5-Hydroxytryptamine (serotonin) receptor 5A, also known as HTR5A, is a protein that in humans is encoded by the HTR5A gene.
The 5HT6 receptor is a subtype of 5HT receptor that binds the endogenous neurotransmitter serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine, 5HT).
5-Methoxytryptamine (5-MT), also known as mexamine, is a tryptamine derivative closely related to the neurotransmitters serotonin and melatonin.
8-OH-DPAT is a research chemical of the aminotetralin chemical class which was developed in the 1980s and has been widely used to study the function of the 5-HT1A receptor.