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5-Methylcytosine

Index 5-Methylcytosine

5-Methylcytosine is a methylated form of the DNA base cytosine that may be involved in the regulation of gene transcription. [1]

39 relations: APOBEC, Bisulfite, Bisulfite sequencing, Calf, CpG site, Cytosine, Deamination, DNA, DNA methyltransferase, Epigenetics, Eukaryote, Gene expression, Guanine, Hydrolysis, Methyl group, Methylation, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, National Center for Biotechnology Information, Nitrogen, Nitrous acid, Nucleic acid, Nucleoside, Paper chromatography, Restriction enzyme, RNA, Rollin Hotchkiss, Sulfuric acid, Thymine, Thymus, Toxin, Transcription (biology), Transition (genetics), Treat Baldwin Johnson, Tuberculinic acid, Tuberculosis, Uracil, Vertebrate, 5-Hydroxymethylcytosine, 5-Methylcytidine.

APOBEC

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Bisulfite

Bisulfite ion (IUPAC-recommended nomenclature: hydrogen sulfite) is the ion HSO3−.

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Bisulfite sequencing

Bisulfite sequencing (also known as bisulphite sequencing) is the use of bisulfite treatment of DNA to determine its pattern of methylation.

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Calf

A calf (plural, calves) is the young of domestic cattle.

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CpG site

The CpG sites or CG sites are regions of DNA where a cytosine nucleotide is followed by a guanine nucleotide in the linear sequence of bases along its 5' → 3' direction.

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Cytosine

Cytosine (C) is one of the four main bases found in DNA and RNA, along with adenine, guanine, and thymine (uracil in RNA).

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Deamination

Deamination is the removal of an amine group from a protein molecule.

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DNA

Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.

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DNA methyltransferase

In biochemistry, the DNA methyltransferase (DNA MTase) family of enzymes catalyze the transfer of a methyl group to DNA.

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Epigenetics

Epigenetics is the study of heritable changes in gene function that do not involve changes in the DNA sequence.

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Eukaryote

Eukaryotes are organisms whose cells have a nucleus enclosed within membranes, unlike Prokaryotes (Bacteria and other Archaea).

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Gene expression

Gene expression is the process by which information from a gene is used in the synthesis of a functional gene product.

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Guanine

Guanine (or G, Gua) is one of the four main nucleobases found in the nucleic acids DNA and RNA, the others being adenine, cytosine, and thymine (uracil in RNA).

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Hydrolysis

Hydrolysis is a term used for both an electro-chemical process and a biological one.

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Methyl group

A methyl group is an alkyl derived from methane, containing one carbon atom bonded to three hydrogen atoms — CH3.

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Methylation

In the chemical sciences, methylation denotes the addition of a methyl group on a substrate, or the substitution of an atom (or group) by a methyl group.

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Mycobacterium tuberculosis

Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a species of pathogenic bacteria in the family Mycobacteriaceae and the causative agent of tuberculosis.

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National Center for Biotechnology Information

The National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) is part of the United States National Library of Medicine (NLM), a branch of the National Institutes of Health (NIH).

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Nitrogen

Nitrogen is a chemical element with symbol N and atomic number 7.

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Nitrous acid

Nitrous acid (molecular formula HNO2) is a weak and monobasic acid known only in solution and in the form of nitrite salts.

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Nucleic acid

Nucleic acids are biopolymers, or small biomolecules, essential to all known forms of life.

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Nucleoside

Nucleosides are glycosylamines that can be thought of as nucleotides without a phosphate group.

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Paper chromatography

Paper chromatography is an analytical method used to separate colored chemicals or substances.

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Restriction enzyme

A restriction enzyme or restriction endonuclease is an enzyme that cleaves DNA into fragments at or near specific recognition sites within the molecule known as restriction sites.

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RNA

Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is a polymeric molecule essential in various biological roles in coding, decoding, regulation, and expression of genes.

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Rollin Hotchkiss

Rollin Douglas Hotchkiss (1911 – December 12, 2004) was an American biochemist who helped to establish the role of DNA as the genetic material and contributed to the isolation and purification of the first antibiotics.

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Sulfuric acid

Sulfuric acid (alternative spelling sulphuric acid) is a mineral acid with molecular formula H2SO4.

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Thymine

---> Thymine (T, Thy) is one of the four nucleobases in the nucleic acid of DNA that are represented by the letters G–C–A–T.

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Thymus

The thymus is a specialized primary lymphoid organ of the immune system.

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Toxin

A toxin (from toxikon) is a poisonous substance produced within living cells or organisms; synthetic toxicants created by artificial processes are thus excluded.

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Transcription (biology)

Transcription is the first step of gene expression, in which a particular segment of DNA is copied into RNA (especially mRNA) by the enzyme RNA polymerase.

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Transition (genetics)

In genetics, a transition is a point mutation that changes a purine nucleotide to another purine (A ↔ G) or a pyrimidine nucleotide to another pyrimidine (C ↔ T).

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Treat Baldwin Johnson

Treat Baldwin Johnson (1875-1947) was an American chemist, born at Bethany, Connecticut.

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Tuberculinic acid

Tuberculinic acid is a noncanonical nucleic acid initially identified as the poison of Tubercle bacillus (.

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Tuberculosis

Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious disease usually caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB).

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Uracil

Uracil (U) is one of the four nucleobases in the nucleic acid of RNA that are represented by the letters A, G, C and U. The others are adenine (A), cytosine (C), and guanine (G).

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Vertebrate

Vertebrates comprise all species of animals within the subphylum Vertebrata (chordates with backbones).

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5-Hydroxymethylcytosine

5-Hydroxymethylcytosine is a DNA pyrimidine nitrogen base derived from cytosine.

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5-Methylcytidine

5-Methylcytidine is a modified nucleoside derived from 5-methylcytosine.

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Redirects here:

5 methyl cytosine, 5-methylcytosine, C5-methylcytosine, C5H7N3O, Methylcytosine.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/5-Methylcytosine

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