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50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division

Index 50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division

The 50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army that saw distinguished service in the Second World War. [1]

365 relations: Adam Wakenshaw, Afrika Korps, Alan Brooke, 1st Viscount Alanbrooke, Albert Canal, Alexandria, Allied invasion of Italy, Allied invasion of Sicily, Allies of World War II, Amphibious warfare, Anctoville, Antwerp, Armoured Vehicle Royal Engineers, Armoured warfare, Army general (France), Army Reserve (United Kingdom), Arras, Arromanches-les-Bains, Asnelles, Évrecy, Bailey bridge, Balleroy, Baronet, Battle for Caen, Battle of Arras (1940), Battle of Dunkirk, Battle of France, Battle of Gazala, Battle of Medenine, Battle of Mersa Matruh, Battle of Stalingrad, Battle of the Mareth Line, Battle of the Ypres–Comines Canal, Battle of Villers-Bocage, Battle of Wadi Akarit, Bayeux, Beach groups, Belgian Land Component, Belgium, Bemmel, Beringen, Belgium, Bernard Montgomery, Bir Hakeim, Bocage, Bocholt–Herentals Canal, Boulogne-sur-Mer, Brancepeth, Brian Horrocks, Bridgehead, Brigadier (United Kingdom), British Army, ..., British Army during the Second World War, British Army Order of Battle (September 1939), British Expeditionary Force (World War II), Brussels, Caen, Calais, Cambrai, Catania, Charles Loewen, Cherbourg-Octeville, Cheshire Regiment, Chott el Fejej, City of London Artillery, Combat stress reaction, Commander, Royal Artillery, Commanding officer, Commandos (United Kingdom), Company sergeant major, Condé-sur-Noireau, Cotswolds, Counterattack, Coup de main, CP Ships, Cristot, Cyprus, David Charles Harvey, DD tank, Derek Anthony Seagrim, Derna, Libya, Desert Air Force, Desertion, Devonshire Regiment, Distinguished Conduct Medal, Distinguished Service Order, Division (military), Dorset Regiment, Douglas Graham (British Army officer), Dunkirk evacuation, Durham Light Infantry, Dyle (river), East Yorkshire Regiment, Eastern Front (World War II), Eighth Army (United Kingdom), Enfilade and defilade, English Channel, Eric Anderson (VC), Erwin Rommel, Essex Regiment, Essex Yeomanry, Falaise Pocket, Fallschirmjäger, France, French Forces of the Interior, French war planning 1920–1940, Fritz Bayerlein, Geel, General (United Kingdom), General officer commanding, Generalmajor, George S. 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Lieutenant general (United States), Lieutenant-general (United Kingdom), Line of communication, Lingèvres, List of British divisions in World War II, List of Royal Northumberland Fusiliers battalions in World War II, List of Second World War Victoria Cross recipients, Loaded march, London Irish Rifles, London Scottish (regiment), Longraye, M7 Priest, Major-general (United Kingdom), Malta convoys, March battalion, Mareth Line, Maxime Weygand, Māori Battalion, Medal bar, Mediterranean and Middle East theatre of World War II, Meuvaines, MG 42, Miles Dempsey, Military Cross, Military history of the United Kingdom, Military Medal, Motorized infantry, Mulberry harbour, MV Georgic (1931), Nederrijn, Neil Ritchie, Netherlands, Nijmegen, Nile Delta, No. 3 Commando, No. 47 (Royal Marine) Commando, Norfolk Yeomanry, Normandy landings, North African Campaign, Northumberland Hussars, Norway, Office of Public Sector Information, Officer commanding, Oliver Leese, Omaha Beach, Operation Berlin (Arnhem), Operation Bluecoat, Operation Cobra, Operation Doomsday, Operation Epsom, Operation Fustian, Operation Ladbroke, Operation Lüttich, Operation Market Garden, Operation Perch, Operation Sea Lion, Ordnance QF 2-pounder, Panther tank, Panzer IV, Panzer Lehr Division, Panzerschreck, Parachute Regiment (United Kingdom), Péronne-en-Mélantois, Port-en-Bessin-Huppain, Private (rank), Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey), Reconnaissance Corps, Richard McCreery, River Tees, River Tyne, RMS Empress of Asia, RMS Empress of Canada (1928), RMS Empress of Russia, Royal Army Medical Corps, Royal Army Service Corps, Royal Artillery, Royal Berkshire Regiment, Royal Corps of Signals, Royal Engineers, Royal Hampshire Regiment, Royal Irish Fusiliers, Royal Marines Armoured Support Group, Royal Northumberland Fusiliers, Saint-Pierre-la-Vieille, Salerno, Salient (military), Scarpe (river), Second Army (United Kingdom), Second Battle of El Alamein, Seventh United States Army, Sexton (artillery), Sherwood Rangers Yeomanry, Sidney Kirkman, Somerset, South Wales Borderers, Stanley Hollis, Sword Beach, Syracuse, Sicily, Syria, Syrian Desert, Territorial Force, The Register of the Victoria Cross, Tilly-sur-Seulles, Tower Hamlets Engineers, Tunisian Campaign, Uden, Universal Carrier, V Corps (United Kingdom), Valentine tank, Valkenswaard, Veghel, Victoria Cross, VIII Corps (United Kingdom), Villers-Bocage, Calvados, Waal (river), Wadi, Waffen-SS, War Office, Western Front (World War II), Westminster Dragoons, William Gott, William Norman Herbert, William Ramsden (British Army officer), World War I, World War II, X Corps (United Kingdom), XIII Corps (United Kingdom), XXX Corps (United Kingdom), Ypres, 101st Motorised Division Trieste, 10th Indian Infantry Division, 11th Armoured Division (United Kingdom), 12th SS Panzer Division Hitlerjugend, 131st Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 136th Armoured Division Giovani Fascisti, 13th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 149th (Northumberland) Brigade, 150th (York and Durham) Brigade, 150th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 151st (Durham Light Infantry) Brigade, 151st Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 152nd Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 15th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 15th Panzer Division (Wehrmacht), 164th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 168th (2nd London) Brigade, 17th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 185th Paratroopers Division Folgore, 1st (United Kingdom) Division, 1st Airborne Division (United Kingdom), 1st Army Tank Brigade (United Kingdom), 1st Free French Division, 1st Infantry Division (South Africa), 1st Infantry Division (United States), 1st Newcastle Engineers, 1st Parachute Brigade (United Kingdom), 1st Parachute Division (Germany), 1st The Royal Dragoons, 205 (3rd Durham Volunteer Artillery) Battery Royal Artillery, 22nd Guards Brigade, 231st Brigade (United Kingdom), 23rd (Northumbrian) Division, 24th Lancers, 25th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 26th Indian Infantry Brigade, 27th Infantry Division Brescia, 2nd Armoured Brigade (United Kingdom), 2nd New Zealand Division, 326th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 352nd Infantry Division, 3rd Canadian Division, 3rd County of London Yeomanry (Sharpshooters), 3rd Division (United Kingdom), 43rd Royal Tank Regiment, 44th (Home Counties) Division, 44th Royal Tank Regiment, 46th Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 49th (West Riding) Infantry Division, 4th Infantry Division (India), 4th Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 4th Royal Tank Regiment, 4th/7th Royal Dragoon Guards, 5 cm KwK 39, 50th Royal Tank Regiment, 51st (Highland) Division, 54th Infantry Division Napoli, 56th (London) Infantry Division, 56th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 59th (Staffordshire) Infantry Division, 5th Guards Armoured Brigade, 5th Indian Infantry Brigade, 5th Infantry Division (India), 5th Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 69th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 6th Division (Australia), 7.5 cm Pak 40, 716th Static Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 7th Armoured Division (United Kingdom), 7th Indian Infantry Brigade, 7th Panzer Division (Wehrmacht), 7th Royal Tank Regiment, 8.8 cm Flak 18/36/37/41, 80th Infantry Division La Spezia, 8th Armoured Brigade (United Kingdom), 8th Royal Tank Regiment, 90th Light Infantry Division (Wehrmacht), 9th Armoured Brigade (United Kingdom). Expand index (315 more) »

Adam Wakenshaw

Adam Herbert Wakenshaw VC (9 June 1914 – 27 June 1942) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

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Afrika Korps

The Afrika Korps or German Africa Corps (Deutsches Afrikakorps, DAK) was the German expeditionary force in Africa during the North African Campaign of World War II.

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Alan Brooke, 1st Viscount Alanbrooke

Field Marshal Alan Francis Brooke, 1st Viscount Alanbrooke, & Bar (23 July 1883 – 17 June 1963), was a senior officer of the British Army.

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Albert Canal

The Albert Canal is a canal located in northeastern Belgium, which was named for King Albert I of Belgium.

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Alexandria

Alexandria (or; Arabic: الإسكندرية; Egyptian Arabic: إسكندرية; Ⲁⲗⲉⲝⲁⲛⲇⲣⲓⲁ; Ⲣⲁⲕⲟⲧⲉ) is the second-largest city in Egypt and a major economic centre, extending about along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the north central part of the country.

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Allied invasion of Italy

The Allied invasion of Italy was the Allied amphibious landing on mainland Italy that took place on 3 September 1943 during the early stages of the Italian Campaign of World War II.

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Allied invasion of Sicily

The Allied invasion of Sicily, codenamed Operation Husky, was a major campaign of World War II, in which the Allies took the island of Sicily from the Axis powers (Italy and Nazi Germany).

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Allies of World War II

The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).

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Amphibious warfare

Amphibious warfare is a type of offensive military operation that today uses naval ships to project ground and air power onto a hostile or potentially hostile shore at a designated landing beach.

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Anctoville

Anctoville is a former commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region of north-western France.

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Antwerp

Antwerp (Antwerpen, Anvers) is a city in Belgium, and is the capital of Antwerp province in Flanders.

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Armoured Vehicle Royal Engineers

Armoured Vehicle Royal Engineers (AVRE), also known as Assault Vehicle Royal Engineers is the title given to a series of armoured military engineering vehicles operated by the Royal Engineers (RE) for the purpose of protecting engineers during frontline battlefield operations.

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Armoured warfare

Armoured warfare, mechanised warfare or tank warfare is the use of armoured fighting vehicles in modern warfare.

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Army general (France)

A général d'armée (army general) is the highest active military rank of the French Army.

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Army Reserve (United Kingdom)

The Army Reserve is the active-duty volunteer reserve force and integrated element of the British Army.

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Arras

Arras (Atrecht) is the capital (chef-lieu/préfecture) of the Pas-de-Calais department, which forms part of the region of Hauts-de-France; prior to the reorganization of 2014 it was located in Nord-Pas-de-Calais.

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Arromanches-les-Bains

Arromanches-les-Bains (or, simply Arromanches) is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandie region of northwestern France.

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Asnelles

Asnelles is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region of northwestern France.

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Évrecy

Évrecy is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.

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Bailey bridge

The Bailey bridge is a type of portable, pre-fabricated, truss bridge.

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Balleroy

Balleroy is a former commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region of north-western France.

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Baronet

A baronet (or; abbreviated Bart or Bt) or the rare female equivalent, a baronetess (or; abbreviation Btss), is the holder of a baronetcy, an hereditary title awarded by the British Crown.

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Battle for Caen

The Battle for Caen (June to August 1944) is the name for the fighting between the British Second Army and German Panzergruppe West in the Second World War for control of the city of Caen and vicinity, during the Battle of Normandy.

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Battle of Arras (1940)

The Battle of Arras, part of the Battle of France, took place during the Second World War on 21 May 1940.

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Battle of Dunkirk

The Battle of Dunkirk was a military operation that took place in Dunkirk (Dunkerque), France, during the Second World War.

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Battle of France

The Battle of France, also known as the Fall of France, was the German invasion of France and the Low Countries during the Second World War.

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Battle of Gazala

The Battle of Gazala (near the modern town of Ayn al Ghazālah) was fought during the Western Desert Campaign of the Second World War, west of the port of Tobruk in Libya, from 26 May to 21 June 1942.

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Battle of Medenine

The Battle of Medenine, also known as Operation Capri (Unternehmen Capri), was an Axis spoiling attack at Medenine in Tunisia on 6 March 1943.

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Battle of Mersa Matruh

The Battle of Mersa Matruh was fought from 26 June to 29 June 1942 following the defeat of the Eighth Army (General Sir Claude Auchinleck) at the Battle of Gazala.

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Battle of Stalingrad

The Battle of Stalingrad (23 August 1942 – 2 February 1943) was the largest confrontation of World War II, in which Germany and its allies fought the Soviet Union for control of the city of Stalingrad (now Volgograd) in Southern Russia.

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Battle of the Mareth Line

The Battle of the Mareth Line or the Battle of Mareth was an attack in the Second World War by the British Eighth Army (General Bernard Montgomery) in Tunisia, against the Mareth Line held by the Italo-German 1st Army (General Giovanni Messe).

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Battle of the Ypres–Comines Canal

The Battle of the Ypres–Comines Canal was a battle of the Second World War fought between the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) and German Army Group B during the BEF's retreat to Dunkirk in 1940.

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Battle of Villers-Bocage

The Battle of Villers-Bocage took place during the Second World War on 13 June 1944, one week after the Normandy Landings by the Western Allies that began the conquest of German-occupied France.

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Battle of Wadi Akarit

The Battle of Wadi Akarit (Operation Scipio) was an Allied attack from 6–7 April 1943, to dislodge Axis forces from positions along the Wadi Akarit in Tunisia (also known as the Akarit Line) during the Tunisia Campaign of the Second World War.

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Bayeux

Bayeux is a commune in the Calvados department in Normandy in northwestern France.

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Beach groups

During the Second World War, the Allies realised the need for the landing zone of an amphibious assault to be organised for the efficient passage of follow on forces.

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Belgian Land Component

The Land Component (Landcomponent, Composante terre) is the land-based branch of the Belgian Armed Forces.

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Belgium

Belgium, officially the Kingdom of Belgium, is a country in Western Europe bordered by France, the Netherlands, Germany and Luxembourg.

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Bemmel

Bemmel is a village in Gelderland in the municipality of Lingewaard.

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Beringen, Belgium

Beringen is a city and municipality located in the Belgian province of Limburg The Beringen municipality includes the town of Beringen proper and the old communes of Beverlo, Koersel, and Paal.

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Bernard Montgomery

Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, (17 November 1887 – 24 March 1976), nicknamed "Monty" and "The Spartan General", was a senior British Army officer who fought in both the First World War and the Second World War.

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Bir Hakeim

Bir Hakeim (sometimes written Bir Hacheim) is in the Libyan desert at, and the site of a former Ottoman Empire fort built around the site of an ancient Roman well, dating to the period when the oasis was part of Ottoman Tripolitania.

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Bocage

Bocage is a terrain of mixed woodland and pasture.

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Bocholt–Herentals Canal

The Bocholt–Herentals Canal (Also known locally as the Kempisch Kanaal or the Maas-Scheldekanaal) is a canal in Belgium that links the Zuid-Willemsvaart at Bocholt with the Albert Canal in Herentals, with a length of slightly over 60 kilometres.

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Boulogne-sur-Mer

Boulogne-sur-Mer, often called Boulogne (Latin: Gesoriacum or Bononia, Boulonne-su-Mér, Bonen), is a coastal city in Northern France.

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Brancepeth

Brancepeth is a village and civil parish in County Durham, in England.

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Brian Horrocks

Lieutenant-General Sir Brian Gwynne Horrocks, (7 September 1895 – 4 January 1985) was a British Army officer, chiefly remembered as the commander of XXX Corps in Operation Market Garden and other operations during the Second World War.

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Bridgehead

A bridgehead (or bridge-head) is the strategically important area of ground around the end of a bridge or other place of possible crossing over a body of water which at time of conflict is sought to be defended/taken over by the belligerent forces.

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Brigadier (United Kingdom)

Brigadier (Brig) is a senior rank in the British Army and the Royal Marines.

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British Army

The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.

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British Army during the Second World War

The British Army was, in 1939, a volunteer army, that introduced limited conscription in early 1939, and full conscription shortly after the declaration of war with Germany.

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British Army Order of Battle (September 1939)

The organisation of Divisions and Brigades of British Army in 1939, at the outbreak of the Second World War, is listed below.

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British Expeditionary Force (World War II)

The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the name of the British Army in Western Europe during the Second World War from 2 September 1939 when the BEF GHQ was formed until 31 May 1940, when GHQ closed down.

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Brussels

Brussels (Bruxelles,; Brussel), officially the Brussels-Capital Region (All text and all but one graphic show the English name as Brussels-Capital Region.) (Région de Bruxelles-Capitale, Brussels Hoofdstedelijk Gewest), is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the de jure capital of Belgium.

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Caen

Caen (Norman: Kaem) is a commune in northwestern France.

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Calais

Calais (Calés; Kales) is a city and major ferry port in northern France in the department of Pas-de-Calais, of which it is a sub-prefecture.

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Cambrai

Cambrai (Kimbré; Kamerijk; historically in English Camerick and Camericke) is a commune in the Nord department and in the Hauts-de-France region of France on the Scheldt river, which is known locally as the Escaut river.

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Catania

Catania is the second largest city of Sicily after Palermo located on the east coast facing the Ionian Sea.

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Charles Loewen

General Sir Charles Falkland Loewen, (17 September 1900 – 17 August 1986) was a Canadian born and educated soldier who became Adjutant-General to the Forces in the United Kingdom.

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Cherbourg-Octeville

Cherbourg-Octeville is a city and former commune situated at the northern end of the Cotentin peninsula in the northwestern French department of Manche.

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Cheshire Regiment

The Cheshire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Prince of Wales' Division.

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Chott el Fejej

Chott el Fejej, also known as Chott el Fedjedj and Chott el Fejaj, is a long, narrow inlet of the endorheic salt lake Chott el Djerid in southern Tunisia.

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City of London Artillery

The 1st London Artillery Brigade or City of London Artillery was a volunteer field artillery unit of the British Army, part of the Territorial Force and later the Territorial Army, that existed under various titles from 1863 to 1971 and fought in World War I and World War II.

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Combat stress reaction

Combat stress reaction (CSR) is a term used within the military to describe acute behavioral disorganization seen by medical personnel as a direct result of the trauma of war.

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Commander, Royal Artillery

Commander, Royal Artillery (abbreviated CRA) was a military appointment in Commonwealth infantry and armoured divisions in the 20th century.

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Commanding officer

The commanding officer (CO) or, if the incumbent is a general officer, commanding general (CG), is the officer in command of a military unit.

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Commandos (United Kingdom)

The Commandos also known as British Commandos were formed during the Second World War in June 1940, following a request from the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Winston Churchill, for a force that could carry out raids against German-occupied Europe.

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Company sergeant major

The company sergeant major (CSM) is the senior non-commissioned soldier of a company in the armies of many Commonwealth countries, responsible for administration, standards and discipline.

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Condé-sur-Noireau

Condé-sur-Noireau is a former commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.

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Cotswolds

The Cotswolds is an area in south central England containing the Cotswold Hills, a range of rolling hills which rise from the meadows of the upper Thames to an escarpment, known as the Cotswold Edge, above the Severn Valley and Evesham Vale.

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Counterattack

A counterattack is a tactic employed in response to an attack, with the term originating in "war games".

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Coup de main

A coup de main (plural: coups de main, French for blow with the hand) is a swift attack that relies on speed and surprise to accomplish its objectives in a single blow.

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CP Ships

CP Ships was a large Canadian shipping company established in the 19th century.

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Cristot

Cristot is a commune in the Calvados department and Normandy region of north-western France.

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Cyprus

Cyprus (Κύπρος; Kıbrıs), officially the Republic of Cyprus (Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία; Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti), is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean and the third largest and third most populous island in the Mediterranean.

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David Charles Harvey

David Charles Harvey (29 July 1946 – 4 March 2004) was an historian and author born in East Ham, London.

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DD tank

DD or Duplex Drive tanks, nicknamed "Donald Duck tanks", were a type of amphibious swimming tank developed by the British during the Second World War.

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Derek Anthony Seagrim

Lieutenant Colonel Derek Anthony Seagrim VC (24 September 1903 – 6 April 1943) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

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Derna, Libya

Derna (درنة) is a port city in eastern Libya.

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Desert Air Force

The Desert Air Force (DAF), also known chronologically as Air Headquarters Western Desert, Air Headquarters Libya, the Western Desert Air Force, and the First Tactical Air Force (1TAF), was an Allied tactical air force created from No. 204 Group under RAF Middle East Command in North Africa in 1941 to provide close air support to the British Eighth Army.

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Desertion

In military terminology, desertion is the abandonment of a duty or post without permission (a pass, liberty or leave) and is done with the intention of not returning.

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Devonshire Regiment

The Devonshire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army which served under various titles and served in many wars and conflicts from 1685 to 1958, such as the Second Boer War, the First World War and the Second World War.

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Distinguished Conduct Medal

The Distinguished Conduct Medal, post-nominal letters DCM, was established in 1854 by Queen Victoria as a decoration for gallantry in the field by other ranks of the British Army.

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Distinguished Service Order

The Distinguished Service Order (DSO) is a military decoration of the United Kingdom, and formerly of other parts of the Commonwealth of Nations, awarded for meritorious or distinguished service by officers of the armed forces during wartime, typically in actual combat.

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Division (military)

A division is a large military unit or formation, usually consisting of between 10,000 and 20,000 soldiers.

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Dorset Regiment

The Dorset Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 to 1958, being the county regiment of Dorset.

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Douglas Graham (British Army officer)

Major General Douglas Alexander Henry Graham, (26 March 1893 – 28 September 1971) was a senior British Army officer who fought with distinction in both world wars.

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Dunkirk evacuation

The Dunkirk evacuation, code-named Operation Dynamo, and also known as the Miracle of Dunkirk, was the evacuation of Allied soldiers during World War II from the beaches and harbour of Dunkirk, in the north of France, between 26 May and 4 June 1940.

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Durham Light Infantry

The Durham Light Infantry (DLI) was a light infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 to 1968.

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Dyle (river)

The Dyle (Dyle and Dijle), is a river in central Belgium, left tributary of the Rupel.

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East Yorkshire Regiment

The East Yorkshire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, first raised in 1685 as Sir William Clifton's Regiment of Foot and later renamed the 15th Regiment of Foot.

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Eastern Front (World War II)

The Eastern Front of World War II was a theatre of conflict between the European Axis powers and co-belligerent Finland against the Soviet Union, Poland and other Allies, which encompassed Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Northeast Europe (Baltics), and Southeast Europe (Balkans) from 22 June 1941 to 9 May 1945.

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Eighth Army (United Kingdom)

The Eighth Army was a field army formation of the British Army during the Second World War, fighting in the North African and Italian campaigns.

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Enfilade and defilade

Enfilade and defilade are concepts in military tactics used to describe a military formation's exposure to enemy fire.

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English Channel

The English Channel (la Manche, "The Sleeve"; Ärmelkanal, "Sleeve Channel"; Mor Breizh, "Sea of Brittany"; Mor Bretannek, "Sea of Brittany"), also called simply the Channel, is the body of water that separates southern England from northern France and links the southern part of the North Sea to the Atlantic Ocean.

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Eric Anderson (VC)

Eric Anderson VC (15 September 19156 April 1943) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

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Erwin Rommel

Erwin Rommel (15 November 1891 – 14 October 1944) was a German general and military theorist.

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Essex Regiment

The Essex Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 to 1958.

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Essex Yeomanry

The Essex Yeomanry is a British army unit which originated as a yeomanry regiment raised in 1797.

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Falaise Pocket

The Falaise Pocket or Battle of the Falaise Pocket (12 – 21 August 1944) was the decisive engagement of the Battle of Normandy in the Second World War.

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Fallschirmjäger

Fallschirmjäger is the German word for paratroopers.

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France

France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.

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French Forces of the Interior

The French Forces of the Interior (Forces Françaises de l'Intérieur) refers to French resistance fighters in the later stages of World War II.

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French war planning 1920–1940

The Dyle Plan or Plan D was the plan of the Commander-in-Chief of the French Army, Général d'armée Maurice Gamelin to defeat a German attempt to invade France through Belgium.

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Fritz Bayerlein

Fritz Hermann Michael Bayerlein (14 January 1899 – 30 January 1970) was a general in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II.

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Geel

Geel is a city located in the Belgian province of Antwerp, which acquired city status in the 1980s.

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General (United Kingdom)

General (or full general to distinguish it from the lower general officer ranks) is the highest rank currently achievable by serving officers of the British Army.

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General officer commanding

The General Officer Commanding (GOC) is the usual title given in the armies of the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth (and some other, such as in Ireland) nations to a General Officer who holds a command appointment.

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Generalmajor

Generalmajor, short GenMaj, (English: major general) is a general officer rank in many countries, and is identical to and translated as major general.

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George S. Patton

General George Smith Patton Jr. (November 11, 1885 – December 21, 1945) was a senior officer of the United States Army who commanded the U.S. Seventh Army in the Mediterranean theater of World War II, but is best known for his leadership of the U.S. Third Army in France and Germany following the Allied invasion of Normandy in June 1944.

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Gerald Lloyd-Verney

Major-General Gerald Harry George Lloyd-Verney DSO & Bar MVO (10 July 1900 – 3 April 1957) was a senior British Army officer who commanded the 7th Armoured Division ("The Desert Rats") during World War II.

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Gerard Bucknall

Lieutenant-General Gerard Corfield Bucknall CB, MC, DL (14 September 1894 – 7 December 1980) was a senior British Army officer who served in both World War I and World War II, where he commanded the 5th Infantry Division and later XXX Corps during the Battle of Normandy in mid-1944.

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German Army (Wehrmacht)

The German Army (Heer) was the land forces component of the Wehrmacht, the regular German Armed Forces, from 1935 until it was demobilized and later dissolved in August 1946.

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German battleship Bismarck

Bismarck was the first of two s built for Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine.

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Giffard Le Quesne Martel

Lieutenant-General Sir Giffard Le Quesne Martel (10 October 1889 – 3 September 1958) was a British Army officer who served in both the First and Second World Wars.

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Gloucestershire Regiment

The Gloucestershire Regiment, commonly referred to as the Glosters, was a line infantry regiment of the British Army from 1881 until 1994.

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Goatley boat

The Goatley boat was a collapsible boat built for military use.

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Gold Beach

Gold, commonly known as Gold Beach, was the code name for one of the five areas of the Allied invasion of German-occupied France in the Normandy landings on 6 June 1944, during the Second World War.

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Grave, Netherlands

Grave (formerly De Graaf) is a municipality in the Dutch province North Brabant.

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Great Bitter Lake

The Great Bitter Lake (البحيرة المرة الكبرى; transliterated: al-Buhayrah al-Murra al-Kubra) is a saltwater lake in Egypt, connected to the Mediterranean Sea and the Red Sea via the Suez Canal.

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Great Zab

The Great Zab or Upper Zab ((al-Zāb al-Kabīr),,, (zāba ʻalya)) is an approximately long river flowing through Turkey and Iraq.

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Green Howards

The Green Howards (Alexandra, Princess of Wales's Own Yorkshire Regiment), frequently known as the Yorkshire Regiment until the 1920s, was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, in the King's Division.

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Guards Armoured Division

The Guards Armoured Division was an armoured division of the British Army during the Second World War.

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Gulf of Aqaba

The Gulf of Aqaba (خليج العقبة, Khalij al-Aqabah) or Gulf of Eilat (מפרץ אילת, Mifrats Eilat) is a large gulf at the northern tip of the Red Sea, east of the Sinai Peninsula and west of the Arabian mainland.

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Haalderen

Haalderen is a small hamlet near Arnhem and Nijmegen in the Netherlands.

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Harold Franklyn

General Sir Harold Edmund Franklyn (28 November 1885 − 31 March 1963) was a British Army officer who fought in both World War I and World War II.

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Hawker Typhoon

The Hawker Typhoon (Tiffy in RAF slang) is a British single-seat fighter-bomber, produced by Hawker Aircraft.

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Henry Hovell-Thurlow-Cumming-Bruce, 7th Baron Thurlow

Major-General Henry Charles Hovell-Thurlow-Cumming-Bruce, 7th Baron Thurlow, (29 May 1910 – 29 May 1971) was a British Peer and British Army officer.

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Hertfordshire Yeomanry

The Hertfordshire Yeomanry is a unit of the British Army specializing in artillery and yeomanry that can trace its formation to the late 18th century.

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History of the Second World War

The History of the Second World War is the official history of the British contribution to the Second World War and was published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office (HMSO).

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HMS Exeter (68)

HMS Exeter was the second and last heavy cruiser built for the Royal Navy during the late 1920s.

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HMS Repulse (1916)

HMS Repulse was a of the Royal Navy built during the First World War.

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Hobart's Funnies

Hobart's Funnies were a number of unusually modified tanks operated during the Second World War by the 79th Armoured Division of the British Army or by specialists from the Royal Engineers.

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Horatius Murray

General Sir Horatius Murray (1903–1989) was a senior British Army officer who served with distinction during World War II and later in the Korean War.

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Hottot-les-Bagues

Hottot-les-Bagues is a commune in the Calvados department and Normandy region of north-western France.

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Humber

The Humber is a large tidal estuary on the east coast of Northern England.

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II Corps (United Kingdom)

II Corps was an army corps of the British Army formed in both the First World War and the Second World War.

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II Corps (United States)

The II Corps was a corps-sized formation of the United States Army that was active in both World War I and World War II.

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Infantry

Infantry is the branch of an army that engages in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and tank forces.

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Invasion of Poland

The Invasion of Poland, known in Poland as the September Campaign (Kampania wrześniowa) or the 1939 Defensive War (Wojna obronna 1939 roku), and in Germany as the Poland Campaign (Polenfeldzug) or Fall Weiss ("Case White"), was a joint invasion of Poland by Germany, the Soviet Union, the Free City of Danzig, and a small Slovak contingent that marked the beginning of World War II.

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Inveraray

Inveraray; (or; Inbhir Aora; "mouth of the Aray") is a town in Argyll and Bute, Scotland.

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Italian Campaign (World War II)

The Italian Campaign of World War II consisted of the Allied operations in and around Italy, from 1943 to the end of the war in Europe.

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John Churcher

Major-General John Bryan Churcher, (1905 – 2 August 1997) was a senior British Army officer who, during World War II, commanded the 159th Infantry Brigade during the campaign in Northwest Europe and later commanded the 3rd Infantry Division.

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John Nichols (British Army officer)

Brigadier John Sebastian Nichols, (5 July 1896 – 7 February 1954) was a British Army officer who fought during both the First World War and the Second World War.

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John Vereker, 6th Viscount Gort

Field Marshal John Standish Surtees Prendergast Vereker, 6th Viscount Gort, (10 July 1886 – 31 March 1946) was a senior British Army officer.

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John Yeldham Whitfield

Major General John Yeldham Whitfield CB, DSO & Bar, OBE (11 October 1899 – 23 September 1971) was a senior British Army officer who commanded the 56th (London) Infantry Division during the Italian Campaign of the Second World War and later the 50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division.

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Junkers Ju 87

The Junkers Ju 87 or Stuka (from Sturzkampfflugzeug, "dive bomber") is a German dive bomber and ground-attack aircraft.

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Juno Beach

Juno or Juno Beach was one of five beaches of the Allied invasion of German-occupied France in the Normandy landings on 6 June 1944 during the Second World War.

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Kampfgruppe

In military history and military slang, the German term Kampfgruppe (pl. Kampfgruppen; abbrev. KG, or KGr in Luftwaffe usage during World War II) can refer to a combat formation of any kind, but most usually to that employed by the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany and its allies during World War II and, to a lesser extent, of the German Empire in World War I. It also referred to bomber groups in Luftwaffe usage, which themselves consisted of three or four Staffeln (squadrons), and usually (but not exclusively) existed within Kampfgeschwader bomber wings of three or four Kampfgruppen per wing.

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Khazir River

The Khazir River (الخازر) is a river of northern Iraq, a tributary of the Great Zab river, joining its right bank.

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Killed in action

Killed in action (KIA) is a casualty classification generally used by militaries to describe the deaths of their own combatants at the hands of hostile forces.

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King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry

The King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry (KOYLI) was a light infantry regiment of the British Army.

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La Rivière-Saint-Sauveur

La Rivière-Saint-Sauveur is a commune in the Calvados department and Normandy region of northwestern France.

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Lashmer Whistler

General Sir Lashmer Gordon Whistler, 3 September 1898 – 4 July 1963), known as "Bolo", was a British Army officer who served in both the world wars. A junior officer during the First World War, during the Second World War he achieved senior rank serving with Field Marshal Sir Bernard Montgomery in North Africa and North-western Europe from 1942 to 1945. Montgomery considered that Whistler "was about the best infantry brigade commander I knew". In peacetime, his outstanding powers of leadership were shown in a series of roles in the decolonisation process, and he reached the four-star rank of a full general, without having attended the Staff College, Camberley, then considered almost essential for an officer wishing to attain high rank, and which a significant majority of the British generals of the war had attended. This, in Richard Mead's words, was "proof that lacking a Staff College qualification was no barrier to advancement for the right man."Mead (2007), p. 484.

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Lentini

Lentini (Sicilian: Lintini), historically Leontini or Leontinoi (Λεοντῖνοι), is a town and comune in the Province of Syracuse, South East of Sicily (Southern Italy).

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Leopoldsburg

Leopoldsburg (Bourg-Leopold) is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Limburg.

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Lewis Lyne

Major-General Lewis Owen Lyne CB DSO (21 August 1899 – 4 November 1970) was a British Army officer who served before and during the Second World War.

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Lieutenant colonel (United Kingdom)

Lieutenant colonel (Lt Col), is a rank in the British Army and Royal Marines which is also used in many Commonwealth countries.

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Lieutenant general (United States)

In the United States Army, United States Marine Corps, and the United States Air Force, lieutenant general (abbreviated LTG in the Army, Lt Gen in the Air Force, and LtGen in the Marine Corps) is a three-star general officer rank, with the pay grade of O-9.

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Lieutenant-general (United Kingdom)

Lieutenant general (Lt Gen), formerly more commonly lieutenant-general, is a senior rank in the British Army and the Royal Marines.

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Line of communication

A line of communication (or communications) is the route that connects an operating military unit with its supply base.

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Lingèvres

Lingèvres is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.

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List of British divisions in World War II

This page is a list of British Army divisions that existed in World War II.

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List of Royal Northumberland Fusiliers battalions in World War II

This is a list of Royal Northumberland Fusiliers battalions in World War II.

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List of Second World War Victoria Cross recipients

The Victoria Cross (VC) is a military decoration awarded for valour "in the face of the enemy" to members of armed forces of some Commonwealth countries and previous British Empire territories.

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Loaded march

A loaded march is a relatively fast march over distance carrying a load.

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London Irish Rifles

The London Irish Rifles (LIR) was a volunteer rifle regiment of the British Army with a distinguished history, and now forms 'D' (London Irish Rifles) Company of the London Regiment and is part of the Army Reserve.

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London Scottish (regiment)

The London Scottish was a Volunteer infantry regiment of the British Army.

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Longraye

Longraye is a former commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.

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M7 Priest

The 105 mm Howitzer Motor Carriage M7 was an American self-propelled artillery vehicle produced during World War II.

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Major-general (United Kingdom)

Major general (Maj Gen), is a "two-star" rank in the British Army and Royal Marines.

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Malta convoys

The Malta convoys were Allied supply convoys of the Second World War.

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March battalion

A march battalion (Bataillon de Marche,, Battaglione di marcia or) is a military unit comprising replacement and support personnel, usually for a regiment or brigade-sized formation.

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Mareth Line

The Mareth Line was a system of fortifications built by France in southern Tunisia, prior to World War II.

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Maxime Weygand

Maxime Weygand (21 January 1867 – 28 January 1965) was a French military commander in World War I and World War II.

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Māori Battalion

The 28th (Māori) Battalion, more commonly known as the Māori Battalion, was an infantry battalion of the New Zealand Army that served during the Second World War.

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Medal bar

A medal bar or medal clasp is a thin metal bar attached to the ribbon of a military decoration, civil decoration, or other medal.

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Mediterranean and Middle East theatre of World War II

The Mediterranean and Middle East Theatre was a major theatre of operations during the Second World War.

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Meuvaines

Meuvaines is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.

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MG 42

The MG 42 (shortened from German: Maschinengewehr 42, or "machine gun 42") is a 7.92×57mm Mauser general purpose machine gun designed in Nazi Germany and used extensively by the Wehrmacht and the Waffen-SS during the second half of World War II.

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Miles Dempsey

General Sir Miles Christopher Dempsey, (15 December 1896 – 5 June 1969) was a senior British Army officer who served in both world wars.

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Military Cross

The Military Cross (MC) is the third-level military decoration awarded to officers and (since 1993) other ranks of the British Armed Forces, and used to be awarded to officers of other Commonwealth countries.

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Military history of the United Kingdom

The military history of the United Kingdom covers the period from the creation of the united Kingdom of Great Britain, with the political union of England and Scotland in 1707, to the present day.

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Military Medal

The Military Medal (MM) was a military decoration awarded to personnel of the British Army and other services, and formerly also to personnel of other Commonwealth countries, below commissioned rank, for bravery in battle on land.

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Motorized infantry

In NATO and most other western countries, motorized infantry is infantry that is transported by trucks or other un-protected motor vehicles.

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Mulberry harbour

Mulberry harbours were temporary portable harbours developed by the United Kingdom during the Second World War to facilitate the rapid offloading of cargo onto beaches during the Allied invasion of Normandy in June 1944.

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MV Georgic (1931)

Built at Harland and Wolff shipyard in Belfast, the MV Georgic was the last ship built for the White Star Line before its merger with the Cunard Line.

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Nederrijn

Course of the Nederrijn Nederrijn ("Nether Rhine"; not to be confused with the section called Lower Rhine further upstream) is the name of the Dutch part of the Rhine from the confluence at the town of Angeren of the cut-off Rhine bend of Oude Rijn and the Pannerdens Kanaal (which was dug to form the new connection between the Waal and Nederrijn branches).

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Neil Ritchie

General Sir Neil Methuen Ritchie, (29 July 1897 – 11 December 1983) was a British Army officer who saw service during both the world wars.

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Netherlands

The Netherlands (Nederland), often referred to as Holland, is a country located mostly in Western Europe with a population of seventeen million.

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Nijmegen

Nijmegen (Nijmeegs: Nimwegen), historically anglicized as Nimeguen, is a municipality and a city in the Dutch province of Gelderland.

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Nile Delta

The Nile Delta (دلتا النيل or simply الدلتا) is the delta formed in Northern Egypt (Lower Egypt) where the Nile River spreads out and drains into the Mediterranean Sea.

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No. 3 Commando

No.

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No. 47 (Royal Marine) Commando

No.

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Norfolk Yeomanry

The Norfolk Yeomanry was a volunteer cavalry (Yeomanry) regiment of Britain's Territorial Army accepted onto the establishment of the British Army in 1794.

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Normandy landings

The Normandy landings were the landing operations on Tuesday, 6 June 1944 of the Allied invasion of Normandy in Operation Overlord during World War II.

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North African Campaign

The North African Campaign of the Second World War took place in North Africa from 10 June 1940 to 13 May 1943.

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Northumberland Hussars

The Northumberland Hussars is a British Territorial Army Squadron equipped with FV107 Scimitar and FV103 Spartan armoured reconnaissance vehicles.

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Norway

Norway (Norwegian: (Bokmål) or (Nynorsk); Norga), officially the Kingdom of Norway, is a unitary sovereign state whose territory comprises the western portion of the Scandinavian Peninsula plus the remote island of Jan Mayen and the archipelago of Svalbard.

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Office of Public Sector Information

The Office of Public Sector Information (OPSI) is the body responsible for the operation of Her Majesty's Stationery Office (HMSO) and of other public information services of the United Kingdom.

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Officer commanding

The officer commanding (OC) is the commander of a sub-unit or minor unit (smaller than battalion size), principally used in the United Kingdom and Commonwealth.

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Oliver Leese

Lieutenant General Sir Oliver William Hargreaves Leese, 3rd Baronet, (27 October 1894 – 22 January 1978) was a senior British Army officer who saw distinguished active service during both the world wars.

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Omaha Beach

Omaha, commonly known as Omaha Beach, was the code name for one of the five sectors of the Allied invasion of German-occupied France in the Normandy landings on June 6, 1944, during World War II.

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Operation Berlin (Arnhem)

Operation Berlin (25–26 September 1944) was a night-time evacuation of the remnants of the beleaguered British 1st Airborne Division, trapped in German occupied territory north of the Lower Rhine in the Netherlands during Operation Market Garden in the Second World War.

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Operation Bluecoat

Operation Bluecoat was an offensive in the Battle of Normandy, from 30 July until 7 August 1944, during the Second World War.

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Operation Cobra

Operation Cobra was the codename for an offensive launched by the First United States Army (Lieutenant General Omar Bradley) seven weeks after the D-Day landings, during the Normandy Campaign of World War II.

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Operation Doomsday

In Operation Doomsday, the British 1st Airborne Division acted as a police and military force during the Allied occupation of Norway in May 1945, immediately after the victory in Europe during the Second World War.

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Operation Epsom

Operation Epsom, also known as the First Battle of the Odon, was a British Second World War offensive that took place between 26 and 30 June 1944, during the Battle of Normandy.

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Operation Fustian

Operation Fustian was an airborne forces operation undertaken during the Allied invasion of Sicily in July 1943 in the Second World War.

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Operation Ladbroke

Operation Ladbroke was a glider landing by British airborne troops during the Second World War near Syracuse, Sicily, that began on 9 July 1943 as part of Operation Husky, the Allied invasion of Sicily.

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Operation Lüttich

Operation Lüttich was a codename given to a German counter-attack during the Battle of Normandy, which took place around the American positions near Mortain from 7 August to 13 August 1944.

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Operation Market Garden

Operation Market Garden (17–25 September 1944) was an unsuccessful Allied military operation planned, and predominantly led, by the British.

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Operation Perch

Operation Perch was a British offensive of the Second World War which took place from 7 to 14 June 1944, during the early stages of the Battle of Normandy.

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Operation Sea Lion

Operation Sea Lion, also written as Operation Sealion (Unternehmen Seelöwe), was Nazi Germany's code name for the plan for an invasion of the United Kingdom during the Battle of Britain in the Second World War.

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Ordnance QF 2-pounder

The Ordnance QF 2-pounder (QF denoting "quick firing"), or simply "2 pounder gun", was a British anti-tank and vehicle-mounted gun, employed in the Second World War.

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Panther tank

The Panther is a German medium tank deployed during World War II on the Eastern and Western Fronts in Europe from mid-1943 to the war's end in 1945.

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Panzer IV

The Panzerkampfwagen IV (PzKpfw IV), commonly known as the Panzer IV, was a German medium tank developed in the late 1930s and used extensively during the Second World War.

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Panzer Lehr Division

The Panzer Lehr Division was an elite German armoured division during World War II.

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Panzerschreck

Panzerschreck (lit. "tank fright", "tank's fright" or "tank's bane") was the popular name for the Raketenpanzerbüchse (abbreviated to RPzB), an 88 mm calibre reusable anti-tank rocket launcher developed by Nazi Germany in World War II.

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Parachute Regiment (United Kingdom)

The Parachute Regiment, colloquially known as the Paras, is an elite airborne infantry regiment of the British Army.

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Péronne-en-Mélantois

Péronne-en-Mélantois is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.

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Port-en-Bessin-Huppain

Port-en-Bessin-Huppain is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.

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Private (rank)

A private is a soldier of the lowest military rank (equivalent to NATO Rank Grades OR-1 to OR-3 depending on the force served in).

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Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey)

The Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey) was a line infantry regiment of the English and later the British Army from 1661 to 1959.

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Reconnaissance Corps

The Reconnaissance Corps, or simply Recce Corps, was a corps of the British Army, formed during the Second World War whose units provided the mobile spearhead of infantry divisions.

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Richard McCreery

General Sir Richard Loudon McCreery (1 February 1898 – 18 October 1967), was a career soldier of the British Army, who was decorated for leading one of the last cavalry actions in the First World War.

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River Tees

The River Tees is in northern England.

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River Tyne

The River Tyne is a river in North East England and its length (excluding tributaries) is.

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RMS Empress of Asia

RMS Empress of Asia was an ocean liner built in 1912–1913 by Fairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering at Govan on the Clyde in Scotland for Canadian Pacific Steamships.

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RMS Empress of Canada (1928)

SS Duchess of Richmond was an ocean liner built in 1928 for Canadian Pacific Steamships by John Brown & Company in Clydebank, Scotland.

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RMS Empress of Russia

The RMS Empress of Russia was an ocean liner built in 1912-1913 by Fairfield Shipbuilding & Engineering Company at Govan on the Clyde in Scotland for Canadian Pacific steamships (CP).

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Royal Army Medical Corps

The Royal Army Medical Corps (RAMC) is a specialist corps in the British Army which provides medical services to all Army personnel and their families, in war and in peace.

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Royal Army Service Corps

The Royal Army Service Corps (RASC) was a corps of the British Army responsible for land, coastal and lake transport, air despatch, barracks administration, the Army Fire Service, staffing headquarters' units, supply of food, water, fuel and domestic materials such as clothing, furniture and stationery and the supply of technical and military equipment.

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Royal Artillery

The Royal Regiment of Artillery, commonly referred to as the Royal Artillery (RA) and colloquially known as "The Gunners", is the artillery arm of the British Army.

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Royal Berkshire Regiment

The Royal Berkshire Regiment (Princess Charlotte of Wales's) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 until 1959.

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Royal Corps of Signals

The Royal Corps of Signals (often simply known as the Royal Signals - abbreviated to R SIGNALS) is one of the combat support arms of the British Army.

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Royal Engineers

The Corps of Royal Engineers, usually just called the Royal Engineers (RE), and commonly known as the Sappers, is one of the corps of the British Army.

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Royal Hampshire Regiment

The Hampshire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, created as part of the Childers Reforms in 1881 by the amalgamation of the 37th (North Hampshire) Regiment of Foot and the 67th (South Hampshire) Regiment of Foot.

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Royal Irish Fusiliers

The Royal Irish Fusiliers (Princess Victoria's) was an Irish line infantry regiment of the British Army, formed by the amalgamation of the 87th (Prince of Wales's Irish) Regiment of Foot and the 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot in 1881.

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Royal Marines Armoured Support Group

The current Royal Marines Armoured Support Group (RMASG) is an element of the Royal Marines that operates the Viking BvS 10 All Terrain Vehicle.

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Royal Northumberland Fusiliers

The Royal Northumberland Fusiliers was an infantry regiment of the British Army.

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Saint-Pierre-la-Vieille

Saint-Pierre-la-Vieille is a former commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.

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Salerno

Salerno (Salernitano: Salierne) is a city and comune in Campania (southwestern Italy) and is the capital of the province of the same name.

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Salient (military)

A salient, also known as a bulge, is a battlefield feature that projects into enemy territory.

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Scarpe (river)

The Scarpe is a river in the Hauts-de-France region of France.

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Second Army (United Kingdom)

The British Second Army was a field army active during the First and Second World Wars.

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Second Battle of El Alamein

The Second Battle of El Alamein (23 October – 11 November 1942) was a battle of the Second World War that took place near the Egyptian railway halt of El Alamein. With the Allies victorious, it was the watershed of the Western Desert Campaign. The First Battle of El Alamein had prevented the Axis from advancing further into Egypt. In August 1942, Lieutenant-General Sir Bernard Law Montgomery took command of the Eighth Army following the sacking of General Claude Auchinleck and the death of his replacement Lieutenant-General William Gott in an air crash. The Allied victory turned the tide in the North African Campaign and ended the Axis threat to Egypt, the Suez Canal and the Middle Eastern and Persian oil fields via North Africa. The Second Battle of El Alamein revived the morale of the Allies, being the first big success against the Axis since Operation Crusader in late 1941. The battle coincided with the Allied invasion of French North Africa in Operation Torch, which started on 8 November, the Battle of Stalingrad and the Guadalcanal Campaign.

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Seventh United States Army

The Seventh Army was a United States army created during World War II that evolved into the United States Army Europe (USAREUR) during the 1950s and 1960s.

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Sexton (artillery)

The 25pdr SP, tracked, Sexton was a self-propelled artillery vehicle of the Second World War.

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Sherwood Rangers Yeomanry

The Sherwood Rangers Yeomanry (SRY) is one of the five squadrons of the Royal Yeomanry (RY), a light cavalry regiment of the Army Reserve.

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Sidney Kirkman

General Sir Sidney Chevalier Kirkman, (29 July 1895 – 29 October 1982) was a British Army officer, who served in both the First World War and Second World War.

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Somerset

Somerset (or archaically, Somersetshire) is a county in South West England which borders Gloucestershire and Bristol to the north, Wiltshire to the east, Dorset to the south-east and Devon to the south-west.

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South Wales Borderers

The South Wales Borderers was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence for 280 years.

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Stanley Hollis

Stanley Elton Hollis VC (21 September 1912 – 8 February 1972) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

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Sword Beach

Sword, commonly known as Sword Beach, was the code name given to one of the five main landing areas along the Normandy coast during the initial assault phase, Operation Neptune, of Operation Overlord, the Allied invasion of German-occupied France that commenced on 6 June 1944.

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Syracuse, Sicily

Syracuse (Siracusa,; Sarausa/Seragusa; Syrācūsae; Συράκουσαι, Syrakousai; Medieval Συρακοῦσαι) is a historic city on the island of Sicily, the capital of the Italian province of Syracuse.

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Syria

Syria (سوريا), officially known as the Syrian Arab Republic (الجمهورية العربية السورية), is a country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Turkey to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest.

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Syrian Desert

The Syrian Desert (بادية الشام, Bâdiyat aş-Şâm), also known as the Hamad, is a combination of steppe and desert covering of the Middle East, including parts of south-eastern Syria, northeastern Jordan, northern Saudi Arabia, and western Iraq.

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Territorial Force

The Territorial Force was a part-time volunteer organisation, created in 1908 to help meet the military needs of the United Kingdom (UK) without resorting to conscription.

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The Register of the Victoria Cross

The Register of the Victoria Cross is a reference work that provides brief information on every Victoria Cross awarded until the publication date.

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Tilly-sur-Seulles

Tilly-sur-Seulles is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.

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Tower Hamlets Engineers

The Tower Hamlets Engineers was a Volunteer unit of the British Royal Engineers (RE) based in East London.

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Tunisian Campaign

The Tunisian Campaign (also known as the Battle of Tunisia) was a series of battles that took place in Tunisia during the North African Campaign of the Second World War, between Axis and Allied forces.

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Uden

Uden is a municipality and a town in the province of Noord-Brabant, Netherlands.

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Universal Carrier

The Universal Carrier, also known as the Bren Gun Carrier from the light machine gun armament, is a common name describing a family of light armoured tracked vehicles built by Vickers-Armstrongs and other companies.

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V Corps (United Kingdom)

V Corps was a corps-sized formation of the British Army that saw service in both World War I and World War II.

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Valentine tank

The Tank, Infantry, Mk III, Valentine was an infantry tank produced in the United Kingdom during the Second World War.

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Valkenswaard

Valkenswaard is a municipality and a town in the southern Netherlands, in the Metropoolregio Eindhoven of the province of North Brabant.

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Veghel

Veghel is a town and a former municipality in the southern Netherlands.

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Victoria Cross

The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest award of the British honours system.

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VIII Corps (United Kingdom)

VIII Corps was a British Army corps formation that existed during the First and Second World Wars.

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Villers-Bocage, Calvados

Villers-Bocage is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in Northern France.

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Waal (river)

The Waal (Dutch) is the main distributary branch of the river Rhine flowing approximately through the Netherlands.

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Wadi

Wadi (wādī; ואדי), alternatively wād (وَاد), is the Arabic and Hebrew term traditionally referring to a valley.

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Waffen-SS

The Waffen-SS (Armed SS) was the armed wing of the Nazi Party's SS organisation.

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War Office

The War Office was a department of the British Government responsible for the administration of the British Army between 1857 and 1964, when its functions were transferred to the Ministry of Defence.

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Western Front (World War II)

The Western Front was a military theatre of World War II encompassing Denmark, Norway, Luxembourg, Belgium, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, France, Italy, and Germany. World War II military engagements in Southern Europe and elsewhere are generally considered under separate headings. The Western Front was marked by two phases of large-scale combat operations. The first phase saw the capitulation of the Netherlands, Belgium, and France during May and June 1940 after their defeat in the Low Countries and the northern half of France, and continued into an air war between Germany and Britain that climaxed with the Battle of Britain. The second phase consisted of large-scale ground combat (supported by a massive air war considered to be an additional front), which began in June 1944 with the Allied landings in Normandy and continued until the defeat of Germany in May 1945.

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Westminster Dragoons

The Westminster Dragoons (WDs) is central London’s only Army Reserve cavalry subunit.

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William Gott

Lieutenant-General William Henry Ewart Gott, & Bar, MC (13 August 1897 – 7 August 1942), nicknamed "Strafer", was a senior British Army officer who fought during both World War I and World War II, reaching the rank of lieutenant-general while serving with the British Eighth Army.

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William Norman Herbert

Major General William Norman Herbert, CB, CMG, DSO & Bar DL (1880–1949) was a senior British Army officer who served as colonel of the Northumberland Fusiliers and commanded the 23rd (Northumbrian) Division in the Battle of France during the Second World War.

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William Ramsden (British Army officer)

Major General William Havelock Chaplin Ramsden, (3 October 1888 – 16 December 1969) was a senior British Army officer, who is most notable for commanding the 50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division during the Second World War.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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X Corps (United Kingdom)

X Corps was a corps of the British Army that served in the First World War on the Western Front before being disbanded in 1919.

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XIII Corps (United Kingdom)

XIII Corps was a corps-sized formation of the British Army that fought on the Western Front during the First World War and was reformed for service during the Second World War, serving in the Mediterranean and Middle East throughout its service.

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XXX Corps (United Kingdom)

XXX Corps (30 Corps) was a corps of the British Army during the Second World War.

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Ypres

Ypres (Ieper) is a Belgian municipality in the province of West Flanders.

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101st Motorised Division Trieste

101st Motorised Division Trieste or 101° Divisione Trieste (Italian) was a Motorised Division of the Italian Army during World War II.

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10th Indian Infantry Division

The 10th Indian Infantry Division was a war formed infantry division of the Indian Army during World War II.

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11th Armoured Division (United Kingdom)

The 11th Armoured Division, also known as The Black Bull, was an armoured division of the British Army which was created in March 1941 during the Second World War.

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12th SS Panzer Division Hitlerjugend

12th SS Panzer Division "Hitlerjugend" (12.) was a German armoured division of the Waffen-SS during World War II.

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131st Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)

The 131st Infantry Brigade, originally the Surrey Brigade was an infantry formation of Britain's Territorial Army that saw service during both World War I and World War II.

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136th Armoured Division Giovani Fascisti

The 136th Armoured Division Giovani Fascisti was an infantry division of the Italian Army during World War II.

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13th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)

The 13th Infantry Brigade was a regular infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service during both World War I and World War II.

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149th (Northumberland) Brigade

The Northumberland Brigade was formed in 1908 as part of the Territorial Force of the British Army with four battalions of the Northumberland Fusiliers.

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150th (York and Durham) Brigade

The 150th (York and Durham) Brigade was a formation of the Territorial Force of the British Army.

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150th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)

The 150th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service in World War II.

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151st (Durham Light Infantry) Brigade

The Durham Light Infantry Brigade was formed in 1902 to command the part-time Volunteer battalions of the Durham Light Infantry (DLI).

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151st Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)

The 151st Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service during the Second World War in Belgium and France in 1940, and later in North Africa, Tunisia and Sicily, and later in Normandy in mid-1944 and North-western Europe.

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152nd Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)

The 152nd Infantry Brigade (part of the 51st (Highland) Infantry Division) was an infantry brigade of the British Army that fought during both World War I and World War II.

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15th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)

The 15th Infantry Brigade, later 15 (North East) Brigade, was an infantry brigade of the British Army.

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15th Panzer Division (Wehrmacht)

The 15th Panzer Division (15.) was an armoured division in the German Army, the Wehrmacht, during World War II, established in 1940.

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164th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)

The 164th Infantry Division (164.) was an infantry division of the German Army during World War II.

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168th (2nd London) Brigade

The 168th (2nd London) Brigade was an infantry brigade formation of the British Army that saw service during both World War I and World War II.

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17th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)

The 17th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade formation of the British Army which provided active service in the Second Boer War and both the First and Second World Wars.

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185th Paratroopers Division Folgore

185th Paratroopers Division Folgore or 185ª Divisione Paracadutisti Folgore was a Parachute Division of the Italian Army (in Italian Regio Esercito) during World War II.

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1st (United Kingdom) Division

The 1st (United Kingdom) Division, formerly known as the 1st Armoured Division, is a division of the British Army, currently the only British division to be stationed in Germany.

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1st Airborne Division (United Kingdom)

The 1st Airborne Division was an airborne infantry division of the British Army during the Second World War.

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1st Army Tank Brigade (United Kingdom)

The 1st Army Tank Brigade was a formation of the British Army during World War 2.

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1st Free French Division

The 1st Free French Division (1re Division Française Libre, 1re DFL) was one of the principal units of the Free French Forces (FFL) during World War II, renowned for having fought the Battle of Bir Hakeim.

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1st Infantry Division (South Africa)

The 1st South African Infantry Division was an infantry division of the army of the Union of South Africa.

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1st Infantry Division (United States)

The 1st Infantry Division is a combined arms division of the United States Army, and is the oldest continuously serving in the Regular Army.

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1st Newcastle Engineers

The 1st Newcastle Engineer Volunteers, later Northumbrian Divisional Engineers, was a Royal Engineer (RE) unit of Britain's Volunteer Force and Territorial Army founded in 1860.

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1st Parachute Brigade (United Kingdom)

The 1st Parachute Brigade was an airborne forces brigade formed by the British Army during the Second World War.

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1st Parachute Division (Germany)

The 1st Parachute Division (1.) was an elite German military parachute-landing division that fought during World War II.

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1st The Royal Dragoons

The Royal Dragoons (1st Dragoons) was a mounted infantry and later a heavy cavalry regiment of the British Army.

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205 (3rd Durham Volunteer Artillery) Battery Royal Artillery

205 (3rd Durham Volunteer Artillery) is part of the 101st (Northumbrian) Regiment Royal Artillery and is equipped with the M270 Multiple Launch Rocket System.

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22nd Guards Brigade

The 22nd Guards Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw distinguished active service during World War II.

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231st Brigade (United Kingdom)

The 231st Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service in both World War I and World War II.

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23rd (Northumbrian) Division

The 23rd (Northumbrian) Division was a Territorial Army formation raised in 1939 as the 2nd line duplicate of the 50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division.

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24th Lancers

The 24th Lancers was a cavalry regiment of the British Army that existed from late 1940 to mid-1944.

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25th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)

The 25th Infantry Brigade was a war-formed infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service during both World War I and World War II.

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26th Indian Infantry Brigade

The 26th Indian Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade formation of the Indian Army during World War II.

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27th Infantry Division Brescia

The 27th Infantry Division "Brescia" (Italian: 27° Divisione Autotrasportabile "Brescia") was an auto-transportable Infantry Division formed 1 January 1935 as 27th Infantry Division Sila and reorganized to the 27th Infantry Division "Brescia" 24 May 1939.

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2nd Armoured Brigade (United Kingdom)

The 2nd Armoured Brigade was an armoured brigade of the British Army, part of the pre-war Regular Army, during the Second World War, originally titled 2nd Light Armoured Brigade.

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2nd New Zealand Division

The 2nd New Zealand Division, initially the New Zealand Division, was an infantry division of the New Zealand Military Forces (New Zealand's army) during the Second World War.

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326th Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)

The 326th Infantry Division (326. Infanterie-Division) was the only Eastern Front (Ost Front) veteran division to have fought in the battles of Normandy.

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352nd Infantry Division

The 352nd Infantry Division (352. Infanterie-Division) was an infantry division of the German Army during World War II.

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3rd Canadian Division

The 3rd Canadian Division is a formation of the Canadian Army.

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3rd County of London Yeomanry (Sharpshooters)

The 3rd County of London Yeomanry (Sharpshooters) was a Yeomanry regiment of the British Army.

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3rd Division (United Kingdom)

The 3rd (United Kingdom) Division, known at various times as the Iron Division, 3rd (Iron) Division, Monty's Iron Sides or as Iron Sides;Delaforce is a regular army division of the British Army.

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43rd Royal Tank Regiment

The 43rd (6th (City) Battalion, The Royal Northumberland Fusiliers) Royal Tank Regiment (43 RTR) was an armoured regiment of the British Army's Royal Armoured Corps that tested and demonstrated specialised Armoured Fighting Vehicles during World War II.

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44th (Home Counties) Division

The Home Counties Division was an infantry division of the Territorial Force, part of the British Army, that was raised in 1908.

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44th Royal Tank Regiment

The 44th Royal Tank Regiment (44 RTR) was an armoured regiment of the British Army, which was part of the Royal Tank Regiment, itself part of the Royal Armoured Corps that saw active service in World War II.

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46th Infantry Division (United Kingdom)

The 46th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army raised in 1939 that saw distinguished service during World War II, fighting in the Battle of France and the Battle of Dunkirk where it was evacuated and later in North Africa, Italy and Greece.

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49th (West Riding) Infantry Division

The 49th (West Riding) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army.

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4th Infantry Division (India)

The 4th Indian Infantry Division, also known as the Red Eagle Division, is the infantry division name the Indian Army retained after the present India adopted its entire rank and structure from its parent Army, the British Army.

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4th Infantry Division (United Kingdom)

The 4th Infantry Division was a regular infantry division of the British Army with a very long history, seeing active service in the Peninsular War, the Crimean War, the First World War, and during the Second World War.

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4th Royal Tank Regiment

The 4th Royal Tank Regiment (4 RTR) was an armoured regiment of the British Army from its creation in 1917, during World War I, until 1993.

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4th/7th Royal Dragoon Guards

The 4th/7th Royal Dragoon Guards was a cavalry regiment of the British Army formed in 1922.

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5 cm KwK 39

The 5 cm KwK 39 L/60 (5 cm Kampfwagenkanone 39 L/60) was a German 50 mm calibre gun used during the Second World War, primarily as the main armament of later models of the German Panzerkampfwagen III tank from 1941 onwards.

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50th Royal Tank Regiment

The 50th Royal Tank Regiment (50 RTR) was an armoured regiment of the British Army's Royal Tank Regiment during the Second World War.

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51st (Highland) Division

The 51st (Highland) Division was an infantry division of the British Army that fought on the Western Front in France during the First World War from 1915 to 1918.

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54th Infantry Division Napoli

The 54th Infantry Division Napoli was a regular infantry division of the Italian Army during World War II.

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56th (London) Infantry Division

The 56th (London) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army, which served under several different titles and designations.

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56th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)

The 56th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service in both World War I and World War II.

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59th (Staffordshire) Infantry Division

The 59th (Staffordshire) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army that saw active during the Second World War.

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5th Guards Armoured Brigade

The 5th Guards Armoured Brigade was an armoured brigade of the British Army, a component unit of the Guards Armoured Division, that served in World War II in North-west Europe from June 1944 until May 1945.

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5th Indian Infantry Brigade

The 5th Indian Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade formation of the Indian Army during World War II.

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5th Infantry Division (India)

The 5th Indian Infantry Division was an infantry division of the Indian Army during World War II that fought in several theatres of war and was nicknamed the "Ball of Fire".

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5th Infantry Division (United Kingdom)

The 5th Infantry Division was a regular army infantry division of the British Army.

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69th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)

The 69th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade formation of the British Army in World War II.

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6th Division (Australia)

The 6th Division was an infantry division of the Australian Army.

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7.5 cm Pak 40

The 7.5 cm Pak 40 (7,5 cm Panzerabwehrkanone 40) was a German 75 millimetre anti-tank gun developed in 1939-1941 by Rheinmetall and used during the Second World War.

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716th Static Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)

The 716th Static Infantry Division (German: 716. Infanterie-Division) was a World War II, German Army infantry division.

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7th Armoured Division (United Kingdom)

The 7th Armoured Division was an armoured division of the British Army that saw distinguished active service during World War II, where its exploits in the Western Desert Campaign gained it the Desert Rats nickname.

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7th Indian Infantry Brigade

The 7th Indian Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the Indian Army during World War II.

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7th Panzer Division (Wehrmacht)

The 7th Panzer Division was an armored formation of the German Army in World War II.

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7th Royal Tank Regiment

The 7th Royal Tank Regiment (7th RTR) was an armoured regiment of the British Army from 1917 until disbandment in 1959.

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8.8 cm Flak 18/36/37/41

The 8.8 cm Flak 18/36/37/41 is a German 88 mm anti-aircraft and anti-tank artillery gun from World War II.

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80th Infantry Division La Spezia

80th Infantry Division La Spezia was an Airlanding Division of the Italian Army during World War II.

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8th Armoured Brigade (United Kingdom)

The 8th Armoured Brigade was an armoured brigade of the British Army formed in August 1941, during the Second World War and active until 1956.

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8th Royal Tank Regiment

The 8th Royal Tank Regiment (8 RTR) was an armoured regiment of the British Army until 1960.

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90th Light Infantry Division (Wehrmacht)

The 90th Light Infantry Division was a light infantry division of the German Army during World War II that served in North Africa as well as Sardinia and Italy.

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9th Armoured Brigade (United Kingdom)

The 9th Armoured Brigade was a British Army brigade formed during the Second World War.

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Redirects here:

50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 50th (Northumbrian) Motorised Division, 50th Infantry Division (United Kingdom), British 50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division, British 50th Division, British 50th Infantry Division.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/50th_(Northumbrian)_Infantry_Division

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