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51st (Highland) Division

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The 51st (Highland) Division was an infantry division of the British Army that fought on the Western Front in France during the First World War from 1915 to 1918. [1]

230 relations: Abbeville, Alan Brooke, 1st Viscount Alanbrooke, Alan Cunningham, Aldershot, Alexander Edwards, Allied invasion of Italy, Allied invasion of Sicily, Allies of World War II, American Expeditionary Forces, Amphibious warfare, Andy Stewart (musician), Argyll, Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders, Arkforce, Armistice of 11 November 1918, Army Reserve (United Kingdom), Attacks on High Wood, Axis powers, Łambinowice, Bad Fallingbostel, Banff, Aberdeenshire, Battle of Arras (1917), Battle of Bréville, Battle of Cambrai (1917), Battle of Dunkirk, Battle of Festubert, Battle of France, Battle of Passchendaele, Battle of the Bulge, Battle of the Scheldt, Battle of the Somme, Battle of Wadi Akarit, Battlefield Band, Beaumont-Hamel, Beaumont-Hamel Newfoundland Memorial, Berlin, Bernard Montgomery, Black Watch, Bremerhaven, Brian Horrocks, Bridgehead, British Army, British Army Order of Battle (September 1939), British Empire, British Expeditionary Force (World War I), British Expeditionary Force (World War II), Buchan, Caithness, Cameronians (Scottish Rifles), Charles de Gaulle, ..., Chief of the General Staff (United Kingdom), Colombelles, Commander-in-chief, Commanding officer, County of Moray, Deeside, Derbyshire Yeomanry, Dick Gaughan, Dieppe, Division (military), Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig, Douglas Wimberley, Dunbartonshire, Dunkirk evacuation, Eighth Army (United Kingdom), El Alamein, Festubert, Field marshal (United Kingdom), Fife, Fife and Forfar Yeomanry, First Army (United Kingdom), First Canadian Army, Formartine, Formation patch, Frederick Farrell, General (United Kingdom), General officer commanding, George Henry Paulin, George McIntosh, George Montague Harper, George VI, Givenchy-en-Gohelle, Gordon Highlanders, Gordon MacMillan (British Army officer), Hamish Henderson, Hanover, Hundred Days Offensive, I Corps (United Kingdom), II Corps (United Kingdom), Infantry, Invasion of Normandy, James Cassels (British Army officer), John Crocker, John Meikle, Keith Arbuthnott, 15th Viscount of Arbuthnott, Kensington Regiment (Princess Louise's), King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster), King's Regiment (Liverpool), Lancashire Fusiliers, Lance corporal, Land mine, Lüneburg, Le Havre, Lieutenant (British Army and Royal Marines), Lieutenant colonel (United Kingdom), Lieutenant-general (United Kingdom), Lisieux, List of British divisions in World War I, List of British divisions in World War II, Liverpool Irish, Lorne MacLaine Campbell, Lothians and Border Horse, Maginot Line, Major-general (United Kingdom), Malbork, Mediterranean and Middle East theatre of World War II, Meuse, Michael Barker (British Army officer), Middlesex Regiment, Nazi Germany, Neil Ritchie, Normandy landings, North African Campaign, Northern Germany, Operation Astonia, Operation Baytown, Operation Michael, Operation Overlord, Operation Plunder, Operation Sea Lion, Operation Totalize, Operation Veritable, Orne (river), Ouvrage Hackenberg, Preston Rifles, Prisoner of war, Private (rank), Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders, Reconnaissance Corps, Red Army, Reel of the 51st Highlanders, Reggio Calabria, Regular army, Renfrewshire, Rhine, Rhineland, Robert McBeath, Royal Artillery, Royal Corps of Signals, Royal Engineers, Royal Field Artillery, Royal Garrison Artillery, Royal Norfolk Regiment, Royal Northumberland Fusiliers, Royal Scots, Royal Scots Fusiliers, Royal Scottish Country Dance Society, Runrig, Saint-Valery-en-Caux, Salerno mutiny, Scottish country dance, Scottish Gaelic, Seaforth Highlanders, Second Battle of El Alamein, Second Battle of Ypres, Seine, Sergeant, Shetland, Somme (river), Southampton, Spring Offensive, Stalag VII-A, Stalag VIII-B, Stalag XX-A, Stalag XX-B, Strait of Messina, Sutherland, Tenth Army (France), Territorial Force, The March (1945), Third Army (France), Tom Rennie, Toruń, Tunisian Campaign, Universal Carrier, Victor Fortune, Victoria Cross, War artist, War Office, Warsaw, Western Allied invasion of Germany, Western Front (World War I), Western Front (World War II), William Davidson Bissett, William Gosling (VC), William Montgomery Thomson, World War I, World War II, XVII Corps (United Kingdom), XVIII Corps (United Kingdom), XXX Corps (United Kingdom), 152nd Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 153rd Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 154th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 164th (North Lancashire) Brigade, 1st Durham Engineers, 1st Fife Artillery Volunteers, 1st Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 21st Panzer Division (Wehrmacht), 26th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 27th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 28th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 2nd Canadian Division during World War II, 2nd Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 2nd New Zealand Division, 3rd Canadian Division, 3rd Division (United Kingdom), 46th Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 49th (West Riding) Infantry Division, 50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division, 52nd (Lowland) Infantry Division, 55th (West Lancashire) Infantry Division, 56th (London) Infantry Division, 6th Airborne Division (United Kingdom), 7th Armoured Division (United Kingdom), 7th Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 84th Division (United States), 9th (Highland) Infantry Division, 9th Army Corps (France), 9th Division (Australia). 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Abbeville

Abbeville is a commune in the Somme department and in Hauts-de-France region in northern France.

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Alan Brooke, 1st Viscount Alanbrooke

Field Marshal Alan Francis Brooke, 1st Viscount Alanbrooke, & Bar (23 July 1883 – 17 June 1963), was a senior officer of the British Army.

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Alan Cunningham

General Sir Alan Gordon Cunningham (1 May 1887 – 30 January 1983) was a senior officer of the British Army noted for his victories over Italian forces in the East African Campaign during World War II.

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Aldershot

Aldershot is a town in the Rushmoor district of Hampshire, England.

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Alexander Edwards

Alexander Edwards VC (4 November 1885 – 24 March 1918) was a Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

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Allied invasion of Italy

The Allied invasion of Italy was the Allied amphibious landing on mainland Italy that took place on 3 September 1943 during the early stages of the Italian Campaign of World War II.

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Allied invasion of Sicily

The Allied invasion of Sicily, codenamed Operation Husky, was a major campaign of World War II, in which the Allies took the island of Sicily from the Axis powers (Italy and Nazi Germany).

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Allies of World War II

The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).

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American Expeditionary Forces

The American Expeditionary Forces (A. E. F., A.E.F. or AEF) was a formation of the United States Army on the Western Front of World War I. The AEF was established on July 5, 1917, in France under the command of Gen.

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Amphibious warfare

Amphibious warfare is a type of offensive military operation that today uses naval ships to project ground and air power onto a hostile or potentially hostile shore at a designated landing beach.

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Andy Stewart (musician)

Andrew "Andy" Stewart MBE (30 December 1933 – 11 October 1993) was a Scottish singer and entertainer.

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Argyll

Argyll (archaically Argyle, Earra-Ghàidheal in modern Gaelic), sometimes anglicised as Argyllshire, is a historic county and registration county of western Scotland.

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Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders

The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that existed from 1881 until amalgamation into the Royal Regiment of Scotland on 28 March 2006, from when it became a single battalion in the Royal Regiment of Scotland.

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Arkforce

Arkforce was an ad hoc formation of the British Expeditionary Force improvised during the Battle of France in 1940.

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Armistice of 11 November 1918

The Armistice of 11 November 1918 was the armistice that ended fighting on land, sea and air in World War I between the Allies and their last opponent, Germany.

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Army Reserve (United Kingdom)

The Army Reserve is the active-duty volunteer reserve force and integrated element of the British Army.

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Attacks on High Wood

The Attacks on High Wood near Bazentin le Petit in the Somme département of northern France took place between the British Fourth Army and the German 1st Army during the Battle of the Somme.

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Axis powers

The Axis powers (Achsenmächte; Potenze dell'Asse; 枢軸国 Sūjikukoku), also known as the Axis and the Rome–Berlin–Tokyo Axis, were the nations that fought in World War II against the Allied forces.

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Łambinowice

Łambinowice (Lamsdorf) is a village in Nysa County, Opole Voivodeship, in south-western Poland.

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Bad Fallingbostel

Bad Fallingbostel is the district town (Kreisstadt) of the Heidekreis district in the German state of Lower Saxony.

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Banff, Aberdeenshire

Banff is a town in the Banff and Buchan area of Aberdeenshire, Scotland.

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Battle of Arras (1917)

The Battle of Arras (also known as the Second Battle of Arras) was a British offensive on the Western Front during World War I. From 9 April to 16 May 1917, British troops attacked German defences near the French city of Arras on the Western Front.

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Battle of Bréville

The Battle of Bréville was fought by the British 6th Airborne Division and the German 346th Infantry Division, between 8 and 13 June 1944, during the early phases of the invasion of Normandy in the Second World War.

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Battle of Cambrai (1917)

The Battle of Cambrai (Battle of Cambrai, 1917, First Battle of Cambrai and Schlacht von Cambrai) was a British attack followed by the biggest German counter-attack against the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) since 1914, in the First World War.

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Battle of Dunkirk

The Battle of Dunkirk was a military operation that took place in Dunkirk (Dunkerque), France, during the Second World War.

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Battle of Festubert

The Battle of Festubert (15–25 May 1915) was an attack by the British army in the Artois region of France on the western front during World War I. The offensive formed part of a series of attacks by the French Tenth Army and the British First Army in the Second Battle of Artois.

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Battle of France

The Battle of France, also known as the Fall of France, was the German invasion of France and the Low Countries during the Second World War.

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Battle of Passchendaele

The Battle of Passchendaele (Flandernschlacht, Deuxième Bataille des Flandres), also known as the Third Battle of Ypres, was a campaign of the First World War, fought by the Allies against the German Empire.

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Battle of the Bulge

The Battle of the Bulge (16 December 1944 – 25 January 1945) was the last major German offensive campaign on the Western Front during World War II.

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Battle of the Scheldt

The Battle of the Scheldt in World War II was a series of military operations by Canadian, British and Polish formations to open up the shipping route to Antwerp so that its port could be used to supply the Allies in north-west Europe.

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Battle of the Somme

The Battle of the Somme (Bataille de la Somme, Schlacht an der Somme), also known as the Somme Offensive, was a battle of the First World War fought by the armies of the British Empire and France against the German Empire.

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Battle of Wadi Akarit

The Battle of Wadi Akarit (Operation Scipio) was an Allied attack from 6–7 April 1943, to dislodge Axis forces from positions along the Wadi Akarit in Tunisia (also known as the Akarit Line) during the Tunisia Campaign of the Second World War.

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Battlefield Band

Battlefield Band are a Scottish traditional music group.

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Beaumont-Hamel

Beaumont-Hamel is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.

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Beaumont-Hamel Newfoundland Memorial

The Beaumont-Hamel Newfoundland Memorial is a memorial site in France dedicated to the commemoration of Dominion of Newfoundland forces members who were killed during World War I. The preserved battlefield park encompasses the grounds over which the Newfoundland Regiment made their unsuccessful attack on 1 July 1916 during the first day of the Battle of the Somme.

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Berlin

Berlin is the capital and the largest city of Germany, as well as one of its 16 constituent states.

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Bernard Montgomery

Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, (17 November 1887 – 24 March 1976), nicknamed "Monty" and "The Spartan General", was a senior British Army officer who fought in both the First World War and the Second World War.

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Black Watch

The Black Watch, 3rd Battalion, Royal Regiment of Scotland (3 SCOTS) is an infantry battalion of the Royal Regiment of Scotland.

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Bremerhaven

Bremerhaven (literally "Bremen's harbour", Low German: Bremerhoben) is a city at the seaport of the Free Hanseatic City of Bremen, a state of the Federal Republic of Germany.

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Brian Horrocks

Lieutenant-General Sir Brian Gwynne Horrocks, (7 September 1895 – 4 January 1985) was a British Army officer, chiefly remembered as the commander of XXX Corps in Operation Market Garden and other operations during the Second World War.

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Bridgehead

A bridgehead (or bridge-head) is the strategically important area of ground around the end of a bridge or other place of possible crossing over a body of water which at time of conflict is sought to be defended/taken over by the belligerent forces.

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British Army

The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.

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British Army Order of Battle (September 1939)

The organisation of Divisions and Brigades of British Army in 1939, at the outbreak of the Second World War, is listed below.

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British Empire

The British Empire comprised the dominions, colonies, protectorates, mandates and other territories ruled or administered by the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.

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British Expeditionary Force (World War I)

The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the British Army sent to the Western Front during the First World War.

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British Expeditionary Force (World War II)

The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the name of the British Army in Western Europe during the Second World War from 2 September 1939 when the BEF GHQ was formed until 31 May 1940, when GHQ closed down.

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Buchan

Buchan is one of the six committee areas and administrative areas of Aberdeenshire Council, Scotland.

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Caithness

Caithness (Gallaibh, Caitnes; Katanes) is a historic county, registration county and lieutenancy area of Scotland.

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Cameronians (Scottish Rifles)

The Cameronians (Scottish Rifles) was a rifle regiment of the British Army, the only regiment of rifles amongst the Scottish regiments of infantry.

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Charles de Gaulle

Charles André Joseph Marie de Gaulle (22 November 1890 – 9 November 1970) was a French general and statesman who led the French Resistance against Nazi Germany in World War II and chaired the Provisional Government of the French Republic from 1944 to 1946 in order to reestablish democracy in France.

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Chief of the General Staff (United Kingdom)

Chief of the General Staff (CGS) has been the title of the professional head of the British Army since 1964.

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Colombelles

Colombelles is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.

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Commander-in-chief

A commander-in-chief, also sometimes called supreme commander, or chief commander, is the person or body that exercises supreme operational command and control of a nation's military forces.

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Commanding officer

The commanding officer (CO) or, if the incumbent is a general officer, commanding general (CG), is the officer in command of a military unit.

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County of Moray

Moray (Moireibh), or Elginshire, is one of the registration counties of Scotland, bordering Nairnshire to the west, Inverness-shire to the south, and Banffshire to the east.

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Deeside

Deeside (Glannau Dyfrdwy) is the name given to a predominantly industrial conurbation of towns and villages in Flintshire close to the Wales–England border lying near the canalised stretch of the River Dee that flows from neighbouring Chester into the Dee Estuary.

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Derbyshire Yeomanry

The Derbyshire Yeomanry was a yeomanry regiment of the British Army, first raised in 1794, which served as a cavalry regiment and dismounted infantry regiment in the First World War and provided two reconnaissance regiments in the Second World War, before being amalgamated with the Leicestershire Yeomanry to form the Leicestershire and Derbyshire (Prince Albert's Own) Yeomanry in 1957.

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Dick Gaughan

Richard Peter Gaughan (born 17 May 1948 in Glasgow) is a Scottish musician, singer and songwriter, particularly of folk and social protest songs.

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Dieppe

Dieppe is a coastal community in the Arrondissement of Dieppe in the Seine-Maritime department in the Normandy region of northern France.

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Division (military)

A division is a large military unit or formation, usually consisting of between 10,000 and 20,000 soldiers.

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Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig

Field Marshal Douglas Haig, 1st Earl Haig, (19 June 1861 – 29 January 1928), was a senior officer of the British Army.

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Douglas Wimberley

Major General Douglas Neil Wimberley, (15 August 1896 – 26 August 1983) was a British Army officer who, during the Second World War, commanded the 51st (Highland) Division for two years, from 1941 to 1943, notably at the Second Battle of El Alamein, before leading it across North Africa and in the Allied campaign in Sicily.

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Dunbartonshire

Dunbartonshire (Siorrachd Dhùn Bhreatainn) or the County of Dumbarton is a historic county, lieutenancy area and registration county in the west central Lowlands of Scotland lying to the north of the River Clyde.

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Dunkirk evacuation

The Dunkirk evacuation, code-named Operation Dynamo, and also known as the Miracle of Dunkirk, was the evacuation of Allied soldiers during World War II from the beaches and harbour of Dunkirk, in the north of France, between 26 May and 4 June 1940.

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Eighth Army (United Kingdom)

The Eighth Army was a field army formation of the British Army during the Second World War, fighting in the North African and Italian campaigns.

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El Alamein

El Alamein (العلمين.,, literally "the two worlds") is a town in the northern Matrouh Governorate of Egypt.

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Festubert

Festubert is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.

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Field marshal (United Kingdom)

Field Marshal has been the highest rank in the British Army since 1736.

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Fife

Fife (Fìobha) is a council area and historic county of Scotland.

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Fife and Forfar Yeomanry

The Fife and Forfar Yeomanry (FFY) was an Armoured Yeomanry Regiment of the British Army formed in 1793.

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First Army (United Kingdom)

The First Army was a formation of the British Army that existed during the First and Second World Wars.

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First Canadian Army

The First Canadian Army (1reArmée canadienne) was a field army and the senior formation of the Canadian Army that served on the Western Front from July 1944 until May 1945 during the Second World War.

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Formartine

Formartine (Fearann Mhàrtainn meaning "Martin's land") is a committee area in Aberdeenshire, Scotland.

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Formation patch

Formation patches or Formation badges are types of military insignia developed during the 20th Century.

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Frederick Farrell

Frederick Arthur Farrell (2 November 1882 – 22 April 1935) was a British artist who served as the city of Glasgow's official war artist during World War One.

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General (United Kingdom)

General (or full general to distinguish it from the lower general officer ranks) is the highest rank currently achievable by serving officers of the British Army.

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General officer commanding

The General Officer Commanding (GOC) is the usual title given in the armies of the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth (and some other, such as in Ireland) nations to a General Officer who holds a command appointment.

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George Henry Paulin

George Henry Paulin, often called Harry Paulin, or 'GHP' (his sculpting insignia) was a Scottish sculptor and artist of great note in the early 20th century.

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George McIntosh

George Imlach McIntosh VC (24 April 1897 – 20 June 1968) was a Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

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George Montague Harper

Lieutenant-General Sir George Montague Harper (11 January 1865 – 15 December 1922) was a senior officer of the British Army during the First World War.

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George VI

George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George; 14 December 1895 – 6 February 1952) was King of the United Kingdom and the Dominions of the British Commonwealth from 11 December 1936 until his death in 1952.

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Givenchy-en-Gohelle

Givenchy-en-Gohelle is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.

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Gordon Highlanders

The Gordon Highlanders was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that existed for 113 years, from 1881 until 1994, when it was amalgamated with the Queen's Own Highlanders (Seaforth and Camerons) to form the Highlanders (Seaforth, Gordons and Camerons).

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Gordon MacMillan (British Army officer)

General Sir Gordon Holmes Alexander MacMillan of MacMillan and Knap, (7 January 1897 – 21 January 1986) was a professional soldier who rose to become a general in the British Army.

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Hamish Henderson

Hamish Scott Henderson, (11 November 1919 – 9 March 2002; Scottish Gaelic: Seamas MacEanraig (Seamas Mòr)) was a Scottish poet, songwriter, communist, soldier and intellectual.

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Hanover

Hanover or Hannover (Hannover), on the River Leine, is the capital and largest city of the German state of Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen), and was once by personal union the family seat of the Hanoverian Kings of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, under their title as the dukes of Brunswick-Lüneburg (later described as the Elector of Hanover).

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Hundred Days Offensive

The Hundred Days Offensive was the final period of the First World War, during which the Allies launched a series of offensives against the Central Powers on the Western Front from 8 August to 11 November 1918, beginning with the Battle of Amiens.

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I Corps (United Kingdom)

I Corps ("First Corps") was an army corps in existence as an active formation in the British Army for most of the 80 years from its creation in the First World War until the end of the Cold War, longer than any other corps.

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II Corps (United Kingdom)

II Corps was an army corps of the British Army formed in both the First World War and the Second World War.

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Infantry

Infantry is the branch of an army that engages in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and tank forces.

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Invasion of Normandy

The Western Allies of World War II launched the largest amphibious invasion in history when they assaulted Normandy, located on the northern coast of France, on 6 June 1944.

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James Cassels (British Army officer)

Field Marshal Sir Archibald James Halkett Cassels, (28 February 1907 – 13 December 1996) was a senior British Army officer who served as Chief of the General Staff (CGS), the professional head of the British Army, from 1965 to 1968.

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John Crocker

General Sir John Tredinnick Crocker, (4 January 1896 – 9 March 1963) was a senior British Army officer who fought in both world wars.

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John Meikle

John Meikle (11 September 1898 – 20 July 1918) was a Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

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Keith Arbuthnott, 15th Viscount of Arbuthnott

Major General Robert Keith Arbuthnott, 15th Viscount of Arbuthnott, (21 August 1897 – 15 December 1966) was a senior British Army officer who served in both the First World War and the Second World War.

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Kensington Regiment (Princess Louise's)

The Kensington Regiment (Princess Louise's) is a unit of the British Army, which originated in the Volunteer Rifle Corps' movement of the 1850s.

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King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster)

The King's Own Royal Regiment (Lancaster) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army.

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King's Regiment (Liverpool)

The King's Regiment (Liverpool) was one of the oldest line infantry regiments of the British Army, having been formed in 1685 and numbered as the 8th (The King's) Regiment of Foot in 1751.

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Lancashire Fusiliers

The Lancashire Fusiliers was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that saw distinguished service through many centuries and wars, including the Second Boer War both World War I and World War II, and had many different titles throughout its 280 years of existence.

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Lance corporal

Lance corporal is a military rank, used by many armed forces worldwide, and also by some police forces and other uniformed organisations.

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Land mine

A land mine is an explosive device concealed under or on the ground and designed to destroy or disable enemy targets, ranging from combatants to vehicles and tanks, as they pass over or near it.

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Lüneburg

Lüneburg (officially the Hanseatic City of Lüneburg, German: Hansestadt Lüneburg,, Low German Lümborg, Latin Luneburgum or Lunaburgum, Old High German Luneburc, Old Saxon Hliuni, Polabian Glain), also called Lunenburg in English, is a town in the German state of Lower Saxony.

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Le Havre

Le Havre, historically called Newhaven in English, is an urban French commune and city in the Seine-Maritime department in the Normandy region of northwestern France.

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Lieutenant (British Army and Royal Marines)

Lieutenant (Lt) is a junior officer rank in the British Army and Royal Marines.

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Lieutenant colonel (United Kingdom)

Lieutenant colonel (Lt Col), is a rank in the British Army and Royal Marines which is also used in many Commonwealth countries.

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Lieutenant-general (United Kingdom)

Lieutenant general (Lt Gen), formerly more commonly lieutenant-general, is a senior rank in the British Army and the Royal Marines.

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Lisieux

Lisieux is a commune in the Calvados department in the Normandy region in northwestern France.

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List of British divisions in World War I

List of military divisions — List of British divisions in World War I This page is a list of British divisions that existed in World War I. Divisions were either infantry or cavalry.

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List of British divisions in World War II

This page is a list of British Army divisions that existed in World War II.

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Liverpool Irish

The Liverpool Irish is a unit of the British Army's Territorial Army, raised in 1860 as a volunteer corps of infantry.

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Lorne MacLaine Campbell

Brigadier Lorne MacLaine Campbell, (22 July 1902 – 25 May 1991) was a British Army officer and a Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

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Lothians and Border Horse

The Lothians and Border Horse was a Yeomanry regiment, part of the British Territorial Army.

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Maginot Line

The Maginot Line (Ligne Maginot), named after the French Minister of War André Maginot, was a line of concrete fortifications, obstacles, and weapon installations built by France in the 1930s to deter invasion by Germany and force them to move around the fortifications.

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Major-general (United Kingdom)

Major general (Maj Gen), is a "two-star" rank in the British Army and Royal Marines.

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Malbork

Malbork (Marienburg; Civitas Beatae Virginis) is a town in northern Poland in the Żuławy region (Vistula delta), with 38,478 inhabitants (2006).

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Mediterranean and Middle East theatre of World War II

The Mediterranean and Middle East Theatre was a major theatre of operations during the Second World War.

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Meuse

The Meuse (la Meuse; Walloon: Moûze) or Maas (Maas; Maos or Maas) is a major European river, rising in France and flowing through Belgium and the Netherlands before draining into the North Sea.

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Michael Barker (British Army officer)

Lieutenant General Michael George Henry Barker (15 October 1884 – 21 May 1960) was a British Army officer who fought in both world wars, notably as commander of I Corps during the Battle of France in May 1940.

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Middlesex Regiment

The Middlesex Regiment (Duke of Cambridge's Own) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 until 1966.

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Nazi Germany

Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).

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Neil Ritchie

General Sir Neil Methuen Ritchie, (29 July 1897 – 11 December 1983) was a British Army officer who saw service during both the world wars.

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Normandy landings

The Normandy landings were the landing operations on Tuesday, 6 June 1944 of the Allied invasion of Normandy in Operation Overlord during World War II.

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North African Campaign

The North African Campaign of the Second World War took place in North Africa from 10 June 1940 to 13 May 1943.

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Northern Germany

Northern Germany (Norddeutschland) is the region in the north of Germany whose exact area is not precisely or consistently defined.

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Operation Astonia

Operation Astonia was the codename for an Allied attack on the German-held Channel port of Le Havre in France, during the Second World War.

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Operation Baytown

Operation Baytown was an Allied amphibious landing on the mainland of Italy that took place on 3 September 1943, part of the Allied invasion of Italy, itself part of the Italian Campaign, during the Second World War.

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Operation Michael

Operation Michael was a major German military offensive during the First World War that began the Spring Offensive on 21 March 1918.

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Operation Overlord

Operation Overlord was the codename for the Battle of Normandy, the Allied operation that launched the successful invasion of German-occupied Western Europe during World War II.

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Operation Plunder

Beginning on the night of March 23, 1945 the 21st Army Group under Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery launched Operation Plunder, as a part of a coordinated set of Rhine crossings.

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Operation Sea Lion

Operation Sea Lion, also written as Operation Sealion (Unternehmen Seelöwe), was Nazi Germany's code name for the plan for an invasion of the United Kingdom during the Battle of Britain in the Second World War.

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Operation Totalize

Operation Totalize (also spelled Operation Totalise in recent British sources) was an offensive launched by Allied troops in the First Canadian Army during the later stages of Operation Overlord, from 8 to 9 August 1944.

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Operation Veritable

Operation Veritable (also known as the Battle of the Reichswald) was the northern part of an Allied pincer movement that took place between 8 February and 11 March 1945 during the final stages of the Second World War.

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Orne (river)

The Orne (Ptolemeus Olina) is a river in Normandy, within northwestern France.

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Ouvrage Hackenberg

Ouvrage Hackenberg, one of the largest (a gros ouvrage) of the Maginot Line fortifications, is part of the Fortified Sector of Boulay.

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Preston Rifles

The Preston Rifles, later the 4th Battalion, Loyal North Lancashire Regiment, was a volunteer unit of the British Army from 1859 until the 1950s.

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Prisoner of war

A prisoner of war (POW) is a person, whether combatant or non-combatant, who is held in custody by a belligerent power during or immediately after an armed conflict.

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Private (rank)

A private is a soldier of the lowest military rank (equivalent to NATO Rank Grades OR-1 to OR-3 depending on the force served in).

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Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders

The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders or 79th (The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders) Regiment of Foot was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, raised in 1793.

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Reconnaissance Corps

The Reconnaissance Corps, or simply Recce Corps, was a corps of the British Army, formed during the Second World War whose units provided the mobile spearhead of infantry divisions.

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Red Army

The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army (Рабоче-крестьянская Красная армия (РККА), Raboche-krest'yanskaya Krasnaya armiya (RKKA), frequently shortened in Russian to Красная aрмия (КА), Krasnaya armiya (KA), in English: Red Army, also in critical literature and folklore of that epoch – Red Horde, Army of Work) was the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, and, after 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.

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Reel of the 51st Highlanders

One of the most popular Scottish country dances of all time, the Reel of the 51st Highland Division is a modern Scottish country dance written by Lieutenant J.E.M. ‘Jimmy’ Atkinson of the 7th Battalion The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders while in a POW camp during the Second World War.

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Reggio Calabria

Reggio di Calabria (also; Reggino: Rìggiu, Bovesia Calabrian Greek: script; translit, Rhēgium), commonly known as Reggio Calabria or simply Reggio in Southern Italy, is the largest city and the most populated comune of Calabria, Southern Italy.

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Regular army

A regular army is the official army of a state or country (the official armed forces), contrasting with irregular forces, such as volunteer irregular militias, private armies, mercenaries, etc.

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Renfrewshire

Renfrewshire (Siorrachd Rinn Friù, Renfrewshire) is one of 32 council areas of Scotland.

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Rhine

--> The Rhine (Rhenus, Rein, Rhein, le Rhin,, Italiano: Reno, Rijn) is a European river that begins in the Swiss canton of Graubünden in the southeastern Swiss Alps, forms part of the Swiss-Liechtenstein, Swiss-Austrian, Swiss-German and then the Franco-German border, then flows through the German Rhineland and the Netherlands and eventually empties into the North Sea.

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Rhineland

The Rhineland (Rheinland, Rhénanie) is the name used for a loosely defined area of Western Germany along the Rhine, chiefly its middle section.

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Robert McBeath

Robert Gordon McBeath, VC (22 December 1898 – 9 October 1922) was a Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious medal that can be awarded to members of British military forces.

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Royal Artillery

The Royal Regiment of Artillery, commonly referred to as the Royal Artillery (RA) and colloquially known as "The Gunners", is the artillery arm of the British Army.

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Royal Corps of Signals

The Royal Corps of Signals (often simply known as the Royal Signals - abbreviated to R SIGNALS) is one of the combat support arms of the British Army.

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Royal Engineers

The Corps of Royal Engineers, usually just called the Royal Engineers (RE), and commonly known as the Sappers, is one of the corps of the British Army.

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Royal Field Artillery

The Royal Field Artillery (RFA) of the British Army provided close artillery support for the infantry.

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Royal Garrison Artillery

The Royal Garrison Artillery (RGA) was formed in 1899 as a distinct arm of the British Army's Royal Regiment of Artillery serving alongside the other two arms of the Regiment, the Royal Field Artillery (RFA) and the Royal Horse Artillery (RHA).

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Royal Norfolk Regiment

The Royal Norfolk Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army until 1959.

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Royal Northumberland Fusiliers

The Royal Northumberland Fusiliers was an infantry regiment of the British Army.

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Royal Scots

The Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment), once known as the Royal Regiment of Foot, was the oldest and most senior infantry regiment of the line of the British Army, having been raised in 1633 during the reign of Charles I of Scotland.

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Royal Scots Fusiliers

The Royal Scots Fusiliers was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that existed from 1678 until 1959 when it was amalgamated with the Highland Light Infantry (City of Glasgow Regiment) to form the Royal Highland Fusiliers (Princess Margaret's Own Glasgow and Ayrshire Regiment) which was later itself merged with the Royal Scots Borderers, the Black Watch (Royal Highland Regiment), the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders and the Highlanders (Seaforth, Gordons and Camerons) to form a new large regiment, the Royal Regiment of Scotland.

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Royal Scottish Country Dance Society

The Royal Scottish Country Dance Society (RSCDS), was founded in 1923 as the Scottish Country Dance Society by Jean Milligan and Ysobel Stewart of Fasnacloich, who wanted to preserve country dancing as performed in Scotland, country dancing having fallen into disuse after the influx of continental ballroom dances such as the waltz or quadrilles and, later on, American-style dances like the One-step or foxtrot.

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Runrig

Runrig are a Scottish Celtic rock group formed in Skye, in 1973 under the name 'The Run Rig Dance Band'.

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Saint-Valery-en-Caux

Saint-Valery-en-Caux is a commune in the Seine-Maritime department in the Normandy region in northern France.

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Salerno mutiny

The Salerno mutiny was a rebellion during the Second World War by about 200 British soldiers who, on 16 September 1943, refused assignment to new units as replacements during the initial stages of the Allied invasion of Italy.

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Scottish country dance

Scottish Country dance (SCD) is the distinctively Scottish form of country dance, itself a form of social dance involving groups of couples of dancers tracing progressive patterns.

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Scottish Gaelic

Scottish Gaelic or Scots Gaelic, sometimes also referred to simply as Gaelic (Gàidhlig) or the Gaelic, is a Celtic language native to the Gaels of Scotland.

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Seaforth Highlanders

The Seaforth Highlanders (Ross-shire Buffs, The Duke of Albany's) was a historic line infantry regiment of the British Army, mainly associated with large areas of the northern Highlands of Scotland.

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Second Battle of El Alamein

The Second Battle of El Alamein (23 October – 11 November 1942) was a battle of the Second World War that took place near the Egyptian railway halt of El Alamein. With the Allies victorious, it was the watershed of the Western Desert Campaign. The First Battle of El Alamein had prevented the Axis from advancing further into Egypt. In August 1942, Lieutenant-General Sir Bernard Law Montgomery took command of the Eighth Army following the sacking of General Claude Auchinleck and the death of his replacement Lieutenant-General William Gott in an air crash. The Allied victory turned the tide in the North African Campaign and ended the Axis threat to Egypt, the Suez Canal and the Middle Eastern and Persian oil fields via North Africa. The Second Battle of El Alamein revived the morale of the Allies, being the first big success against the Axis since Operation Crusader in late 1941. The battle coincided with the Allied invasion of French North Africa in Operation Torch, which started on 8 November, the Battle of Stalingrad and the Guadalcanal Campaign.

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Second Battle of Ypres

During World War I, the Second Battle of Ypres was fought from for control of the strategic Flemish town of Ypres in western Belgium after the First Battle of Ypres the previous autumn.

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Seine

The Seine (La Seine) is a river and an important commercial waterway within the Paris Basin in the north of France.

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Sergeant

Sergeant (abbreviated to Sgt and capitalized when used as a named person's title) is a rank in many uniformed organizations, principally military and policing forces.

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Shetland

Shetland (Old Norse: Hjaltland), also called the Shetland Islands, is a subarctic archipelago of Scotland that lies northeast of Great Britain.

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Somme (river)

The Somme is a river in Picardy, northern France.

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Southampton

Southampton is the largest city in the ceremonial county of Hampshire, England.

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Spring Offensive

The 1918 Spring Offensive, or Kaiserschlacht (Kaiser's Battle), also known as the Ludendorff Offensive, was a series of German attacks along the Western Front during the First World War, beginning on 21 March 1918, which marked the deepest advances by either side since 1914.

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Stalag VII-A

Stalag VII-A (in full: Kriegsgefangenen-Mannschafts-Stammlager VII-A) was Germany's largest prisoner-of-war camp during World War II, located just north of the town of Moosburg in southern Bavaria.

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Stalag VIII-B

Stalag VIII-B Lamsdorf was a German Army prisoner of war camp, later renumbered Stalag-344, located near the small town of Lamsdorf (now called Łambinowice) in Silesia.

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Stalag XX-A

Stalag XX-A was a German World War II prisoner of war camp located in Thorn/Toruń, Poland.

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Stalag XX-B

Marienburg Stalag XXB or Stalag 20B Marienburg Danzig was a German POW camp in World War II.

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Strait of Messina

The Strait of Messina (Stretto di Messina), is a narrow strait between the eastern tip of Sicily (Punta del Faro) and the western tip of Calabria (Punta Pezzo) in the south of Italy.

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Sutherland

Sutherland is a historic county, registration county and lieutenancy area in the Highlands of Scotland.

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Tenth Army (France)

The Tenth Army (Xe Armée) was a Field army of the French Army during World War I and World War II.

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Territorial Force

The Territorial Force was a part-time volunteer organisation, created in 1908 to help meet the military needs of the United Kingdom (UK) without resorting to conscription.

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The March (1945)

"The March" refers to a series of forced marches during the final stages of the Second World War in Europe.

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Third Army (France)

The Third Army (IIIe Armée) was a Field army of the French Army, which fought during World War I and World War II.

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Tom Rennie

Major-General Thomas Gordon Rennie CB DSO MBE (3 January 1900 – 24 March 1945) was a British Army officer who commanded the 3rd Infantry Division and later the 51st (Highland) Infantry Division during World War II and was later killed in action during Operation Plunder, the crossing of the River Rhine in March 1945.

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Toruń

Toruń (Thorn) is a city in northern Poland, on the Vistula River.

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Tunisian Campaign

The Tunisian Campaign (also known as the Battle of Tunisia) was a series of battles that took place in Tunisia during the North African Campaign of the Second World War, between Axis and Allied forces.

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Universal Carrier

The Universal Carrier, also known as the Bren Gun Carrier from the light machine gun armament, is a common name describing a family of light armoured tracked vehicles built by Vickers-Armstrongs and other companies.

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Victor Fortune

Major General Sir Victor Morven Fortune (21 August 1883 – 2 January 1949) was a senior officer of the British Army.

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Victoria Cross

The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest award of the British honours system.

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War artist

A war artist is an artist that depicts scenes or aspects of war through their art.

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War Office

The War Office was a department of the British Government responsible for the administration of the British Army between 1857 and 1964, when its functions were transferred to the Ministry of Defence.

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Warsaw

Warsaw (Warszawa; see also other names) is the capital and largest city of Poland.

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Western Allied invasion of Germany

The Western Allied invasion of Germany was coordinated by the Western Allies during the final months of hostilities in the European theatre of World War II.

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Western Front (World War I)

The Western Front was the main theatre of war during the First World War.

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Western Front (World War II)

The Western Front was a military theatre of World War II encompassing Denmark, Norway, Luxembourg, Belgium, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, France, Italy, and Germany. World War II military engagements in Southern Europe and elsewhere are generally considered under separate headings. The Western Front was marked by two phases of large-scale combat operations. The first phase saw the capitulation of the Netherlands, Belgium, and France during May and June 1940 after their defeat in the Low Countries and the northern half of France, and continued into an air war between Germany and Britain that climaxed with the Battle of Britain. The second phase consisted of large-scale ground combat (supported by a massive air war considered to be an additional front), which began in June 1944 with the Allied landings in Normandy and continued until the defeat of Germany in May 1945.

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William Davidson Bissett

Major William Davidson Bissett VC (7 August 1893 – 12 May 1971) was a Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

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William Gosling (VC)

Major William Gosling VC (15 August 1892 – 12 February 1945) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

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William Montgomery Thomson

Lieutenant General Sir William Montgomery Thomson (1877–1963) was a senior British Army officer who became military governor of Baku in 1918.

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World War I

World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.

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World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

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XVII Corps (United Kingdom)

The British XVII Corps was a British infantry corps during World War I.

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XVIII Corps (United Kingdom)

The XVIII Corps was a British infantry formation during World War I. It was reactivated, briefly, in Cyprus during World War II as part of a military deception.

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XXX Corps (United Kingdom)

XXX Corps (30 Corps) was a corps of the British Army during the Second World War.

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152nd Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)

The 152nd Infantry Brigade (part of the 51st (Highland) Infantry Division) was an infantry brigade of the British Army that fought during both World War I and World War II.

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153rd Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)

The 153rd Infantry Brigade, part of the 51st (Highland) Infantry Division, was an infantry brigade of the British Army that fought during both the First and Second world wars.

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154th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)

The 154th Infantry Brigade (part of the 51st (Highland) Infantry Division) was an infantry brigade of the British Army division that fought during both the First and Second world wars.

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164th (North Lancashire) Brigade

The 164th (North Lancashire) Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service in World War I and remained in the United Kingdom throughout World War II, now as the 164th Infantry Brigade.

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1st Durham Engineers

The 1st Durham Engineers, later Durham Fortress Engineers, was a Volunteer unit of the British Army's Royal Engineers.

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1st Fife Artillery Volunteers

The 1st Fife Artillery Volunteers, later the Highland (Fifeshire) Heavy Battery, was a volunteer unit first recruited in Fifeshire, Scotland, in 1860, which fought on the Western Front in the First World War.

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1st Infantry Division (United Kingdom)

The 1st Infantry Division was a regular army infantry division of the British Army with a very long history.

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21st Panzer Division (Wehrmacht)

The 21st Panzer Division was a German armoured division best known for its role in the battles of the North African Campaign from 1941–1943 during World War II when it was one of the two armoured divisions making up the Deutsches Afrikakorps (DAK).

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26th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)

The 26th Infantry Brigade was the name of two British Army formations during the First World War and Second World War.

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27th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)

The 27th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw service in World War I, World War II and the Korean War.

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28th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)

The 28th Infantry Brigade was a British Army formation which served during the First World War, the Second World War, the Korean War, The Malayan Emergency and Indonesian Confrontation.

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2nd Canadian Division during World War II

The 2nd Canadian Division, an infantry division of the Canadian Army, was mobilized for war service on 1September 1939 at the outset of World War II.

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2nd Infantry Division (United Kingdom)

The 2nd Infantry Division was a Regular Army infantry division of the British Army, with a long history.

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2nd New Zealand Division

The 2nd New Zealand Division, initially the New Zealand Division, was an infantry division of the New Zealand Military Forces (New Zealand's army) during the Second World War.

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3rd Canadian Division

The 3rd Canadian Division is a formation of the Canadian Army.

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3rd Division (United Kingdom)

The 3rd (United Kingdom) Division, known at various times as the Iron Division, 3rd (Iron) Division, Monty's Iron Sides or as Iron Sides;Delaforce is a regular army division of the British Army.

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46th Infantry Division (United Kingdom)

The 46th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army raised in 1939 that saw distinguished service during World War II, fighting in the Battle of France and the Battle of Dunkirk where it was evacuated and later in North Africa, Italy and Greece.

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49th (West Riding) Infantry Division

The 49th (West Riding) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army.

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50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division

The 50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army that saw distinguished service in the Second World War.

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52nd (Lowland) Infantry Division

The 52nd (Lowland) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army that was originally formed as the Lowland Division, in 1908 as part of the Territorial Force.

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55th (West Lancashire) Infantry Division

The 55th (West Lancashire) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army.

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56th (London) Infantry Division

The 56th (London) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army, which served under several different titles and designations.

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6th Airborne Division (United Kingdom)

The 6th Airborne Division was an airborne infantry division of the British Army during the Second World War.

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7th Armoured Division (United Kingdom)

The 7th Armoured Division was an armoured division of the British Army that saw distinguished active service during World War II, where its exploits in the Western Desert Campaign gained it the Desert Rats nickname.

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7th Infantry Division (United Kingdom)

The 7th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army, first established by The Duke of Wellington as part of the Anglo-Portuguese Army for service in the Peninsular War, and was active also during the First World War from 1914–1919, and in the Second World War from 1938–1939 in Palestine and Egypt.

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84th Division (United States)

The 84th Training Command ("Railsplitters") is a formation of the United States Army.

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9th (Highland) Infantry Division

The 9th (Highland) Infantry Division was a Territorial Army division of the British Army at the beginning of World War II.

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9th Army Corps (France)

The 9th Army Corps (9e Corps d'Armée) was a large military formation (military) of the French Army, constituted during the First and the Second French Empire, and during the First and the Second World War.

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9th Division (Australia)

The 9th Division was a division of the Australian Army that served during World War II.

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Redirects here:

51st (Highland) Division (World War I), 51st (Highland) Infantry Division, 51st (Highland) Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 51st (Highland) Infantry Division (United Kingdom) (World War II), 51st (Highland) Infantry Division (World War II), 51st Highland Division, 51st Highland Infantry Division, British 51st (Highland) Division, British 51st (Highland) Division (World War I), British 51st (Highland) Infantry Division, British 51st (Highland) Infantry Division (World War I), British 51st (Highland) Infantry Division (World War II), British 51st Division, Highland Division.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/51st_(Highland)_Division

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