199 relations: 's-Hertogenbosch, Acting (rank), Aldershot Command, Allied advance from Paris to the Rhine, Anglesey, Archibald Montgomery-Massingberd, Army Reserve (United Kingdom), Battalion, Battle of Arnhem, Battle of Beersheba (1917), Battle of Belgium, Battle of Buqqar Ridge, Battle of France, Battle of Jerusalem, Battle of Megiddo (1918), Battle of Mughar Ridge, Battle of Passchendaele, Battle of Romani, Battle of Sari Bair, Battle of Tell 'Asur, Battle of the Bulge, Bayonet, Bernard Montgomery, Brigade, Brigadier (United Kingdom), British Army, British Army during the Second World War, British Army Order of Battle (September 1939), British Expeditionary Force (World War II), Caernarfonshire, Cape Corps, Captain (British Army and Royal Marines), Charles Deedes, Charles Grant (British Army officer), Cheshire, Cheshire Regiment, Christopher Woolner, Churchill tank, Commanding officer, Corps, Cyril Deverell, Denbighshire (historic), Distinguished Service Order, Division (military), Dunkirk evacuation, East Lancashire Regiment, Edric Bastyan, Eindhoven, Ernest Down, Essex Brigade, ..., Falaise Pocket, Fallschirmjäger (World War II), First Battle of Gaza, First Canadian Army, Flintshire (historic), Francis Lloyd (British Army officer), Francis Matthews (British Army officer), Gallipoli Campaign, General officer commanding, George Wood (British Army officer), Gerard Bucknall, German Army (Wehrmacht), Gervase Thorpe, Glamorgan Yeomanry, Grenade, Hamburg, Herefordshire, Herefordshire Light Infantry, Highland Light Infantry, HMNB Devonport, III Corps (United Kingdom), Imbros, Infantry, Interwar period, Invasion of Normandy, Invasion of Poland, James Dick-Cunyngham, Kent, King's Shropshire Light Infantry, Klever Reichswald, Lieutenant-general (United Kingdom), List of British divisions in World War I, List of British divisions in World War II, Lommel, Machine gun, Machine Gun Corps, Major-general (United Kingdom), Manchester Regiment, Mandatory Palestine, Merionethshire, Mesopotamian campaign, Middle Eastern theatre of World War I, Middlesex Regiment, Military Cross, Military exercise, Monmouthshire Regiment, Montgomeryshire, Nazi Germany, Neil Ritchie, North West Europe Campaign, Northern Ireland, Office of Public Sector Information, Officer (armed forces), Officer commanding, Operation Goodwood, Operation Green (Ireland), Operation Market Garden, Operation Overlord, Operation Plunder, Operation Sea Lion, Operation Varsity, Operation Veritable, Orne (river), Other ranks (UK), Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry, Philip Balfour, Prisoner of war, Queen's Own Oxfordshire Hussars, Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment, Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey), Reconnaissance Corps, Rhineland, Robert Knox Ross, Royal Armoured Corps, Royal Army Medical Corps, Royal Army Service Corps, Royal Artillery, Royal Corps of Signals, Royal Engineers, Royal Norfolk Regiment, Royal Sussex Regiment, Royal Welch Fusiliers, Second Army (United Kingdom), Second Battle of the Odon, Shropshire, Shropshire Yeomanry, Siegfried Line, South Wales Borderers, South Wales Brigade, Standing army, Sten, Suvla, Tasker Watkins, Territorial Force, Thomas Cubitt (British Army officer), Thomas Marden, Tommy Atkins, Turkey, Ulster, Victoria Cross, Wales, Welch Regiment, Western Allied invasion of Germany, Western Command (United Kingdom), Western Front (World War I), Western Front (World War II), Whitchurch, Shropshire, William Marshall (British Army officer), William Reginald Cox, World War I, World War II, XII Corps (United Kingdom), XXX Corps (United Kingdom), 10th Royal Tank Regiment, 110th Mahratta Light Infantry, 11th Armoured Division (United Kingdom), 11th Gurkha Rifles, 131st Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 141st Regiment Royal Armoured Corps, 152nd Punjabis, 153rd Punjabis, 154th Infantry, 155th Pioneers, 158th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 159th (Cheshire) Brigade, 159th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 15th (Scottish) Infantry Division, 160th Infantry Brigade and Headquarters Wales, 17th Infantry (The Loyal Regiment), 1st Airborne Division (United Kingdom), 1st Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 20th Indian Brigade, 21st Punjabis, 2nd Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 31st Armoured Brigade, 34th Armoured Brigade (United Kingdom), 34th Division (United Kingdom), 38th (Welsh) Infantry Division, 42nd Armoured Division (United Kingdom), 43rd (Wessex) Infantry Division, 46th Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 4th Battalion, Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey), 53 (Wales & Western) Signal Squadron, 54th (East Anglian) Infantry Division, 5th Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 61st Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 71st Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 7th Armoured Division (United Kingdom), 9th Royal Tank Regiment. Expand index (149 more) » « Shrink index
's-Hertogenbosch (literally "The Duke's Forest" in English, and historically in French: Bois-le-Duc), colloquially known as Den Bosch (literally "The Forest" in English), is a city and municipality in the Southern Netherlands with a population of 152,968.
An acting rank is a military designation allowing a commissioned or non-commissioned officer to assume a rank—usually higher and usually temporary—with the pay and allowances appropriate to that grade.
Aldershot Command was a Home Command of the British Army.
The Allied advance from Paris to the Rhine was a phase in the Western European Campaign of World War II.
Anglesey (Ynys Môn) is an island situated on the north coast of Wales with an area of.
Field Marshal Sir Archibald Armar Montgomery-Massingberd, (6 December 1871 – 13 October 1947), known as Archibald Armar Montgomery until October 1926, was a senior British Army officer who served as Chief of the Imperial General Staff (CIGS) from 1933 to 1936.
The Army Reserve is the active-duty volunteer reserve force and integrated element of the British Army.
A battalion is a military unit.
The Battle of Arnhem was a major battle of the Second World War fought in and around the Dutch towns of Arnhem, Oosterbeek, Wolfheze, Driel and the surrounding countryside from 17–26 September 1944.
The Battle of Beersheba (Birüssebi Muharebesi, Schlacht von Birüssebi)The several battles fought for the Gaza to Beersheba line between 31 October and 7 November were all assigned the title Third Battle of Gaza, although they took place many miles apart, and were fought by different corps.
The Battle of Belgium or Belgian Campaign, often referred to within Belgium as the 18 Days' Campaign (Campagne des 18 jours, Achttiendaagse Veldtocht), formed part of the greater Battle of France, an offensive campaign by Germany during the Second World War.
The Battle of el Buqqar Ridge took place on 27 October 1917, when one infantry regiment and cavalry troops of the Yildirim Army Group, attacked the 8th Mounted Brigade of the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) in the last days of the stalemate in Southern Palestine during the Sinai and Palestine campaign of World War I. The commander of the Yildirim Army Group ordered the reconnaissance in force, which greatly outnumbered the Yeomanry in the mounted brigade, holding the outpost line.
The Battle of France, also known as the Fall of France, was the German invasion of France and the Low Countries during the Second World War.
The Battle of Jerusalem occurred during the British Empire's "Jerusalem Operations" against the Ottoman Empire, when fighting for the city developed from 17 November, continuing after the surrender until 30 December 1917, to secure the final objective of the Southern Palestine Offensive during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign of World War I. Before Jerusalem could be secured, two battles were recognised by the British as being fought in the Judean Hills to the north and east of the Hebron–Junction Station line.
The Battle of Megiddo (Megiddo Muharebesi) also known in Turkish as the Nablus Hezimeti ("Rout of Nablus"), or the Nablus Yarması ("Breakthrough at Nablus") was fought between 19 and 25 September 1918, on the Plain of Sharon, in front of Tulkarm, Tabsor and Arara in the Judean Hills as well as on the Esdralon Plain at Nazareth, Afulah, Beisan, Jenin and Samakh.
The Battle of Mughar Ridge, officially known by the British as the Action of El Mughar, took place on 13 November 1917 during the Pursuit phase of the Southern Palestine Offensive of the Sinai and Palestine Campaign in the First World War.
The Battle of Passchendaele (Flandernschlacht, Deuxième Bataille des Flandres), also known as the Third Battle of Ypres, was a campaign of the First World War, fought by the Allies against the German Empire.
The Battle of Romani was the last ground attack of the Central Powers on the Suez Canal at the beginning of the Sinai and Palestine Campaign during the First World War.
The Battle of Sari Bair (Sarı Bayır Harekâtı), also known as the August Offensive (Ağustos Taarruzları), was the final attempt made by the British in August 1915 to seize control of the Gallipoli peninsula from the Ottoman Empire during the First World War.
The Battle of Tell 'Asur, known as the Action of Tell 'Asur also known as the Battle of Turmus 'Aya, took place between 8 and 12 March 1918, after the decisive victory at the Battle of Jerusalem and the Capture of Jericho during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign of World War I. Fighting took place over an area which extended from the Mediterranean to Abu Tellul and Mussalabeh on the edge of the Jordan Valley.
The Battle of the Bulge (16 December 1944 – 25 January 1945) was the last major German offensive campaign on the Western Front during World War II.
A bayonet (from French baïonnette) is a knife, sword, or spike-shaped weapon designed to fit on the end of a rifles muzzle, allowing it to be used as a pike.
Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, (17 November 1887 – 24 March 1976), nicknamed "Monty" and "The Spartan General", was a senior British Army officer who fought in both the First World War and the Second World War.
A brigade is a major tactical military formation that is typically composed of three to six battalions plus supporting elements.
Brigadier (Brig) is a senior rank in the British Army and the Royal Marines.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
The British Army was, in 1939, a volunteer army, that introduced limited conscription in early 1939, and full conscription shortly after the declaration of war with Germany.
The organisation of Divisions and Brigades of British Army in 1939, at the outbreak of the Second World War, is listed below.
The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the name of the British Army in Western Europe during the Second World War from 2 September 1939 when the BEF GHQ was formed until 31 May 1940, when GHQ closed down.
Caernarfonshire (Sir Gaernarfon), historically spelled as Caernarvonshire or Carnarvonshire in English, is one of the thirteen historic counties, a vice-county and a former administrative county of Wales.
The Cape Corps and its predecessor units were the main military organisations in which the Coloured members of South Africa's population served.
Captain (Capt) is a junior officer rank of the British Army and Royal Marines and in both services it ranks above lieutenant and below major with a NATO ranking code of OF-2.
General Sir Charles Parker Deedes, (9 August 1879 – 9 March 1969) was a senior British Army officer who went on to be Military Secretary.
General Sir Charles John Cecil Grant, (13 August 1877 – 9 November 1950) was a senior British Army officer.
Cheshire (archaically the County Palatine of Chester) is a county in North West England, bordering Merseyside and Greater Manchester to the north, Derbyshire to the east, Staffordshire and Shropshire to the south and Flintshire, Wales and Wrexham county borough to the west.
The Cheshire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Prince of Wales' Division.
Major General Christopher Geoffrey Woolner & Two Bars (18 October 1893 – 10 January 1984) was a senior British Army officer who served in the First World War and Second World War.
The Tank, Infantry, Mk IV (A22) Churchill was a British heavy infantry tank used in the Second World War, best known for its heavy armour, large longitudinal chassis with all-around tracks with multiple bogies, its ability to climb steep slopes, and its use as the basis of many specialist vehicles.
The commanding officer (CO) or, if the incumbent is a general officer, commanding general (CG), is the officer in command of a military unit.
Corps (plural corps; via French, from the Latin corpus "body") is a term used for several different kinds of organisation.
Field Marshal Sir Cyril John Deverell, (9 November 1874 – 12 May 1947) was a British career military officer who served as Chief of the Imperial General Staff from 1936 to 1937.
Historic Denbighshire (Sir Ddinbych) is one of thirteen traditional counties in Wales, a vice-county and a former administrative county, which covers an area in north east Wales.
The Distinguished Service Order (DSO) is a military decoration of the United Kingdom, and formerly of other parts of the Commonwealth of Nations, awarded for meritorious or distinguished service by officers of the armed forces during wartime, typically in actual combat.
A division is a large military unit or formation, usually consisting of between 10,000 and 20,000 soldiers.
The Dunkirk evacuation, code-named Operation Dynamo, and also known as the Miracle of Dunkirk, was the evacuation of Allied soldiers during World War II from the beaches and harbour of Dunkirk, in the north of France, between 26 May and 4 June 1940.
The East Lancashire Regiment was, from 1881 to 1958, a line infantry regiment of the British Army.
Lieutenant General Sir Edric Montague Bastyan, (5 April 1903 – 6 October 1980) was a senior British Army officer, who became Governor of South Australia from 4 April 1961 until 1 June 1968 then Governor of Tasmania from 2 December 1968 until 30 November 1973.
Eindhoven is a municipality and city in the south of the Netherlands, originally at the confluence of the Dommel and Gender streams.
Lieutenant-General Sir Ernest Edward Down KBE CB (1902–1980) was a senior officer of the British Army, who saw active service during World War II.
The Essex Brigade, later 161st Brigade and 161st Infantry Brigade, was a volunteer infantry formation of the British Army in existence from 1888 until 1941, and again from 1947.
The Falaise Pocket or Battle of the Falaise Pocket (12 – 21 August 1944) was the decisive engagement of the Battle of Normandy in the Second World War.
The Fallschirmjäger were the paratrooper (Fallschirmjäger) branch of the German Luftwaffe before and during World War II.
The First Battle of Gaza was fought on 26 March 1917, during the first attempt by the Egyptian Expeditionary Force (EEF) to invade the south of Palestine in the Ottoman Empire during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign of the First World War.
The First Canadian Army (1reArmée canadienne) was a field army and the senior formation of the Canadian Army that served on the Western Front from July 1944 until May 1945 during the Second World War.
Flintshire (Sir y Fflint), also known as the County of Flint, is one of Wales' thirteen historic counties, and a former administrative county (and a vice-county).
Lieutenant General Sir Francis Lloyd, (12 August 1853 – 26 February 1926) was a senior British Army officer.
Major General Francis Raymond Gage Matthews CB DSO (26 January 1903 – 26 May 1976) was a British Army officer who served in World War II and later was Commander of British Forces in Hong Kong.
The Gallipoli Campaign, also known as the Dardanelles Campaign, the Battle of Gallipoli, or the Battle of Çanakkale (Çanakkale Savaşı), was a campaign of the First World War that took place on the Gallipoli peninsula (Gelibolu in modern Turkey) in the Ottoman Empire between 17 February 1915 and 9 January 1916.
The General Officer Commanding (GOC) is the usual title given in the armies of the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth (and some other, such as in Ireland) nations to a General Officer who holds a command appointment.
Major General George Neville Wood (4 May 1898 – 1982) was a senior British Army officer who fought during the First and Second World War, commanding the 25th Indian Infantry Division during the Burma Campaign.
Lieutenant-General Gerard Corfield Bucknall CB, MC, DL (14 September 1894 – 7 December 1980) was a senior British Army officer who served in both World War I and World War II, where he commanded the 5th Infantry Division and later XXX Corps during the Battle of Normandy in mid-1944.
The German Army (Heer) was the land forces component of the Wehrmacht, the regular German Armed Forces, from 1935 until it was demobilized and later dissolved in August 1946.
Major-General Gervase Thorpe, (10 August 1877 – 4 October 1962) was a senior officer in the British Army.
The Glamorgan Yeomanry was a Yeomanry regiment of the British Army originally raised in the late eighteenth century as a result of concern over the threat of invasion by the French.
A grenade is a small weapon typically thrown by hand.
Hamburg (locally), Hamborg, officially the Free and Hanseatic City of Hamburg (Freie und Hansestadt Hamburg, Friee un Hansestadt Hamborg),Constitution of Hamburg), is the second-largest city of Germany as well as one of the country's 16 constituent states, with a population of roughly 1.8 million people. The city lies at the core of the Hamburg Metropolitan Region which spreads across four German federal states and is home to more than five million people. The official name reflects Hamburg's history as a member of the medieval Hanseatic League, a free imperial city of the Holy Roman Empire, a city-state and one of the 16 states of Germany. Before the 1871 Unification of Germany, it was a fully sovereign state. Prior to the constitutional changes in 1919 it formed a civic republic headed constitutionally by a class of hereditary grand burghers or Hanseaten. The city has repeatedly been beset by disasters such as the Great Fire of Hamburg, exceptional coastal flooding and military conflicts including World War II bombing raids. Historians remark that the city has managed to recover and emerge wealthier after each catastrophe. Situated on the river Elbe, Hamburg is home to Europe's second-largest port and a broad corporate base. In media, the major regional broadcasting firm NDR, the printing and publishing firm italic and the newspapers italic and italic are based in the city. Hamburg remains an important financial center, the seat of Germany's oldest stock exchange and the world's oldest merchant bank, Berenberg Bank. Media, commercial, logistical, and industrial firms with significant locations in the city include multinationals Airbus, italic, italic, italic, and Unilever. The city is a forum for and has specialists in world economics and international law with such consular and diplomatic missions as the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea, the EU-LAC Foundation, and the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning. In recent years, the city has played host to multipartite international political conferences and summits such as Europe and China and the G20. Former German Chancellor italic, who governed Germany for eight years, and Angela Merkel, German chancellor since 2005, come from Hamburg. The city is a major international and domestic tourist destination. It ranked 18th in the world for livability in 2016. The Speicherstadt and Kontorhausviertel were declared World Heritage Sites by UNESCO in 2015. Hamburg is a major European science, research, and education hub, with several universities and institutions. Among its most notable cultural venues are the italic and italic concert halls. It gave birth to movements like Hamburger Schule and paved the way for bands including The Beatles. Hamburg is also known for several theatres and a variety of musical shows. St. Pauli's italic is among the best-known European entertainment districts.
Herefordshire is a county in the West Midlands of England, governed by Herefordshire Council.
The Herefordshire Light Infantry was an infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1861 to 1967.
The Highland Light Infantry (HLI) was a light infantry regiment of the British Army formed in 1881.
Her Majesty's Naval Base, Devonport (HMNB Devonport), is the largest naval base in Western Europe and is the sole nuclear repair and refuelling facility for the Royal Navy.
III Corps was an army corps of the British Army formed in both the First World War and the Second World War.
Imbros or İmroz, officially changed to Gökçeada since 29 July 1970,Alexis Alexandris, "The Identity Issue of The Minorities In Greece An Turkey", in Hirschon, Renée (ed.), Crossing the Aegean: An Appraisal of the 1923 Compulsory Population Exchange Between Greece and Turkey, Berghahn Books, 2003, (older name in Turkish: İmroz; Greek: Ίμβρος Imvros), is the largest island of Turkey and the seat of Gökçeada District of Çanakkale Province.
Infantry is the branch of an army that engages in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and tank forces.
In the context of the history of the 20th century, the interwar period was the period between the end of the First World War in November 1918 and the beginning of the Second World War in September 1939.
The Western Allies of World War II launched the largest amphibious invasion in history when they assaulted Normandy, located on the northern coast of France, on 6 June 1944.
The Invasion of Poland, known in Poland as the September Campaign (Kampania wrześniowa) or the 1939 Defensive War (Wojna obronna 1939 roku), and in Germany as the Poland Campaign (Polenfeldzug) or Fall Weiss ("Case White"), was a joint invasion of Poland by Germany, the Soviet Union, the Free City of Danzig, and a small Slovak contingent that marked the beginning of World War II.
Major General James Keith Dick-Cunyngham, CB, CMG, DSO (28 March 1877 - 1935) was a British Army officer who commanded 4th Division.
Kent is a county in South East England and one of the home counties.
The King's Shropshire Light Infantry (KSLI) was a light infantry regiment of the British Army, formed in the Childers Reforms of 1881, but with antecedents dating back to 1755.
The Klever Reichswald is an Imperial forest in North Rhine-Westphalia (Germany) between the Rivers Rhine and Meuse at the German Dutch border.
Lieutenant general (Lt Gen), formerly more commonly lieutenant-general, is a senior rank in the British Army and the Royal Marines.
List of military divisions — List of British divisions in World War I This page is a list of British divisions that existed in World War I. Divisions were either infantry or cavalry.
This page is a list of British Army divisions that existed in World War II.
Lommel is a municipality and a city in the Belgian province of Limburg.
A machine gun is a fully automatic mounted or portable firearm designed to fire bullets in rapid succession from an ammunition belt or magazine, typically at a rate of 300 rounds per minute or higher.
The Machine Gun Corps (MGC) was a corps of the British Army, formed in October 1915 in response to the need for more effective use of machine guns on the Western Front in the First World War.
Major general (Maj Gen), is a "two-star" rank in the British Army and Royal Marines.
The Manchester Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 until 1958.
Mandatory Palestine (فلسطين; פָּלֶשְׂתִּינָה (א"י), where "EY" indicates "Eretz Yisrael", Land of Israel) was a geopolitical entity under British administration, carved out of Ottoman Syria after World War I. British civil administration in Palestine operated from 1920 until 1948.
Merionethshire or Merioneth (Meirionnydd or Sir Feirionnydd) is one of thirteen historic counties of Wales, a vice county and a former administrative county.
The Mesopotamian campaign was a campaign in the Middle Eastern theatre of World War I fought between the Allies represented by the British Empire, mostly troops from Britain, Australia and the British Indian, and the Central Powers, mostly of the Ottoman Empire.
The Middle Eastern theatre of World War I saw action between 29 October 1914 and 30 October 1918.
The Middlesex Regiment (Duke of Cambridge's Own) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 until 1966.
The Military Cross (MC) is the third-level military decoration awarded to officers and (since 1993) other ranks of the British Armed Forces, and used to be awarded to officers of other Commonwealth countries.
A military exercise or war game is the employment of military resources in training for military operations, either exploring the effects of warfare or testing strategies without actual combat.
The Monmouthshire Regiment was an infantry regiment of the British Army and the Territorial Army.
Montgomeryshire, also known as Maldwyn (Sir Drefaldwyn meaning "the Shire of Baldwin's town") is one of thirteen historic counties and a former administrative county of Wales.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
General Sir Neil Methuen Ritchie, (29 July 1897 – 11 December 1983) was a British Army officer who saw service during both the world wars.
The North West Europe campaign was the term used by the British Commonwealth armed forces for the campaigns in North West Europe, including its skies and adjoining waters during World War II.
Northern Ireland (Tuaisceart Éireann; Ulster-Scots: Norlin Airlann) is a part of the United Kingdom in the north-east of the island of Ireland, variously described as a country, province or region.
The Office of Public Sector Information (OPSI) is the body responsible for the operation of Her Majesty's Stationery Office (HMSO) and of other public information services of the United Kingdom.
An officer is a member of an armed force or uniformed service who holds a position of authority.
The officer commanding (OC) is the commander of a sub-unit or minor unit (smaller than battalion size), principally used in the United Kingdom and Commonwealth.
Operation Goodwood was a British offensive in the Second World War, that took place between 18 and 20 July 1944 as part of the battle for Caen in Normandy, France.
Operation Green (Unternehmen Grün) often also referred to as Case Green (Fall Grün) or Plan Green (Plan Grün), was a full-scale operations plan for a Nazi German invasion of Ireland in support of Operation Sea Lion (Unternehmen Seelöwe), the invasion of the United Kingdom, during World War II.
Operation Market Garden (17–25 September 1944) was an unsuccessful Allied military operation planned, and predominantly led, by the British.
Operation Overlord was the codename for the Battle of Normandy, the Allied operation that launched the successful invasion of German-occupied Western Europe during World War II.
Beginning on the night of March 23, 1945 the 21st Army Group under Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery launched Operation Plunder, as a part of a coordinated set of Rhine crossings.
Operation Sea Lion, also written as Operation Sealion (Unternehmen Seelöwe), was Nazi Germany's code name for the plan for an invasion of the United Kingdom during the Battle of Britain in the Second World War.
Operation Varsity (24 March 1945) was a successful airborne forces operation launched by Allied troops that took place toward the end of World War II.
Operation Veritable (also known as the Battle of the Reichswald) was the northern part of an Allied pincer movement that took place between 8 February and 11 March 1945 during the final stages of the Second World War.
The Orne (Ptolemeus Olina) is a river in Normandy, within northwestern France.
Other ranks (ORs) in the Royal Marines, British Army, Royal Air Force and in the armies and air forces of many other Commonwealth countries are those personnel who are not commissioned officers, usually including non-commissioned officers (NCOs).
The Oxfordshire and Buckinghamshire Light Infantry was a light infantry regiment of the British Army that existed from 1881 until 1958, serving in the Second Boer War, World War I and World War II.
Lieutenant-General Sir Philip Maxwell Balfour (10 March 1898 – 4 February 1977) was a senior British Army officer who achieved high office in the 1950s.
A prisoner of war (POW) is a person, whether combatant or non-combatant, who is held in custody by a belligerent power during or immediately after an armed conflict.
The Queen's Own Oxfordshire Hussars was the designated name of a Yeomanry regiment of the British Army formed in 1794.
The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army based in the county of Kent in existence from 1881 to 1961.
The Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey) was a line infantry regiment of the English and later the British Army from 1661 to 1959.
The Reconnaissance Corps, or simply Recce Corps, was a corps of the British Army, formed during the Second World War whose units provided the mobile spearhead of infantry divisions.
The Rhineland (Rheinland, Rhénanie) is the name used for a loosely defined area of Western Germany along the Rhine, chiefly its middle section.
Major General Robert Knox Ross CB DSO MC (23 August 1893 – 3 November 1951) was a senior British Army officer who, during World War II, commanded the 53rd (Welsh) Infantry Division throughout the campaign in North-West Europe from June 1944 until May 1945.
The Royal Armoured Corps (RAC) provides the armour capability of the British Army, with vehicles such as the Challenger 2 Tank and the Scimitar Reconnaissance Vehicle.
The Royal Army Medical Corps (RAMC) is a specialist corps in the British Army which provides medical services to all Army personnel and their families, in war and in peace.
The Royal Army Service Corps (RASC) was a corps of the British Army responsible for land, coastal and lake transport, air despatch, barracks administration, the Army Fire Service, staffing headquarters' units, supply of food, water, fuel and domestic materials such as clothing, furniture and stationery and the supply of technical and military equipment.
The Royal Regiment of Artillery, commonly referred to as the Royal Artillery (RA) and colloquially known as "The Gunners", is the artillery arm of the British Army.
The Royal Corps of Signals (often simply known as the Royal Signals - abbreviated to R SIGNALS) is one of the combat support arms of the British Army.
The Corps of Royal Engineers, usually just called the Royal Engineers (RE), and commonly known as the Sappers, is one of the corps of the British Army.
The Royal Norfolk Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army until 1959.
The Royal Sussex Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that was in existence from 1881 to 1966.
The Royal Welch Fusiliers was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, part of the Prince of Wales' Division.
The British Second Army was a field army active during the First and Second World Wars.
The Second Battle of the Odon was a series of operations fought by the British Army in World War II in mid-July 1944 against ''Panzergruppe West'' as part of the Battle of Normandy.
Shropshire (alternatively Salop; abbreviated, in print only, Shrops; demonym Salopian) is a county in the West Midlands of England, bordering Wales to the west, Cheshire to the north, Staffordshire to the east, and Worcestershire and Herefordshire to the south.
The Shropshire Yeomanry was a yeomanry regiment of the British Army, first raised in 1795, which served as a cavalry and dismounted infantry regiment in the First World War and as a cavalry and an artillery regiment in the Second World War.
The term Siegfried Line refers to two different German defensive lines, one during the First World War and the other during the Second World War.
The South Wales Borderers was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence for 280 years.
The South Wales Brigade was a Territorial Force infantry brigade of the British Army.
A standing army, unlike a reserve army, is a permanent, often professional, army.
The STEN (or Sten gun) was a family of British submachine guns chambered in 9×19mm and used extensively by British and Commonwealth forces throughout World War II and the Korean War.
View of Suvla from Battleship Hill Suvla is a bay on the Aegean coast of the Gallipoli peninsula in European Turkey, south of the Gulf of Saros.
Major Sir Tasker Watkins (18 November 1918 – 9 September 2007) was a Lord Justice of Appeal and deputy Lord Chief Justice.
The Territorial Force was a part-time volunteer organisation, created in 1908 to help meet the military needs of the United Kingdom (UK) without resorting to conscription.
General Sir Thomas Astley Cubitt, (9 April 1871 – 19 May 1939) was a British Army officer of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, who commanded a division in the First World War and in retirement served as Governor of Bermuda.
Major General Sir Thomas Owen Marden, KBE, CB, CMG (15 September 1866 – 11 September 1951) was a British Army officer, active during the Second Boer War and World War I, where he commanded a battalion of the Welsh Regiment, a brigade, and finally the 6th Division.
Tommy Atkins (often just Tommy) is slang for a common soldier in the British Army.
Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
Ulster (Ulaidh or Cúige Uladh, Ulster Scots: Ulstèr or Ulster) is a province in the north of the island of Ireland.
The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest award of the British honours system.
Wales (Cymru) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and the island of Great Britain.
The Welch Regiment (or "The Welch", an archaic spelling of "Welsh") was an infantry regiment of the line of the British Army in existence from 1881 until 1969.
The Western Allied invasion of Germany was coordinated by the Western Allies during the final months of hostilities in the European theatre of World War II.
Western Command was a command of the British Army.
The Western Front was the main theatre of war during the First World War.
The Western Front was a military theatre of World War II encompassing Denmark, Norway, Luxembourg, Belgium, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, France, Italy, and Germany. World War II military engagements in Southern Europe and elsewhere are generally considered under separate headings. The Western Front was marked by two phases of large-scale combat operations. The first phase saw the capitulation of the Netherlands, Belgium, and France during May and June 1940 after their defeat in the Low Countries and the northern half of France, and continued into an air war between Germany and Britain that climaxed with the Battle of Britain. The second phase consisted of large-scale ground combat (supported by a massive air war considered to be an additional front), which began in June 1944 with the Allied landings in Normandy and continued until the defeat of Germany in May 1945.
Whitchurch is a market town in northern Shropshire, England.
Lieutenant-General Sir William Raine Marshall (29 October 1865 – 29 May 1939) was a British Army officer who in November 1917 succeeded Sir Frederick Stanley Maude (upon the latter's death from cholera) as Commander-in-Chief of the British forces in Mesopotamia.
Major-General William Reginald Cox CB, DSO (13 June 1905 – 12 June 1988) was a senior British Army officer who commanded the 1st Battalion, Worcestershire Regiment in the Western European Campaign from June 1944 until Victory in Europe Day in May 1945.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
XII Corps was an army corps of the British Army that fought in the First and Second World Wars.
XXX Corps (30 Corps) was a corps of the British Army during the Second World War.
The 10th Royal Tank Regiment (10 RTR) was an armoured regiment of the British Army during World War II.
The 110th Mahratta Light Infantry were an infantry regiment of the British Indian Army.
The 11th Armoured Division, also known as The Black Bull, was an armoured division of the British Army which was created in March 1941 during the Second World War.
The 11th Gurkha Rifles was a Gurkha regiment of the British Indian Army.
The 131st Infantry Brigade, originally the Surrey Brigade was an infantry formation of Britain's Territorial Army that saw service during both World War I and World War II.
The 141st Regiment Royal Armoured Corps (The Buffs) (141 RAC) was an armoured regiment of the British Army, part of the Royal Armoured Corps, raised during World War II.
The 152nd Punjabis was an infantry regiment of the British Indian Army.
The 153rd Punjabisalso designated 153rd Rifles, see nomenclature (below)was an infantry regiment of the British Indian Army.
The 154th Infantry was an infantry regiment of the British Indian Army.
The 155th Pioneers was a pioneer regiment of the British Indian Army.
The 158th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that served in both World War I and World War II before being disbanded in 1968.
The 159th (Cheshire) Brigade was an infantry brigade formation of the British Army that saw service during the Great War.
The 159th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army.
The 15th (Scottish) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army that served with distinction in both World War I and World War II.
The 160th Infantry Brigade and Headquarters Wales or Brigâd 160 (Cymru) is a regional brigade of the British Army that has been in existence since 1908, and saw service during both World War I and World War II, as part of the 53rd (Welsh) Infantry Division.
The 17th Infantry (The Loyal Regiment) was an infantry regiment of the Bengal Army, later of the united British Indian Army.
The 1st Airborne Division was an airborne infantry division of the British Army during the Second World War.
The 1st Infantry Division was a regular army infantry division of the British Army with a very long history.
The Garhwal Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Indian Army formed in 1902 as a result of the Kitchener Reforms.
The 21st Punjabis were an infantry regiment of the British Indian Army.
The 2nd Infantry Division was a Regular Army infantry division of the British Army, with a long history.
The 31st Armoured Brigade was an armoured brigade formation of the British Army, created during World War II.
The 34th Armoured Brigade was an armoured brigade of the British Army that saw active service in the Second World War.
The 34th Division was an infantry division of the British Army formed during the First World War in April 1915 as part Kitchener's Army, part of the K4 Army Group.
The 38th (Welsh) Division (initially the 43rd Division, later the 38th (Welsh) Infantry Division and then the 38th Infantry (Reserve) Division) of the British Army was active during both the First and Second World Wars.
The 42nd Armoured Division was an armoured division of the British Army raised during the Second World War.
The 43rd (Wessex) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army.
The 46th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army raised in 1939 that saw distinguished service during World War II, fighting in the Battle of France and the Battle of Dunkirk where it was evacuated and later in North Africa, Italy and Greece.
The 4th Battalion, Queen's Royal Regiment (West Surrey) (4th Queen's) was a volunteer unit of the British Army from 1859 to 1961.
53 (Wales & Western) Signal Squadron is an Army Reserve squadron in the Royal Corps of Signals in the British Army.
The 54th (East Anglian) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army.
The 5th Infantry Division was a regular army infantry division of the British Army.
The 61st Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army, raised in 1939 as part of the expansion of the Territorial Army in response to the German occupation of Czechoslovakia.
The 71st Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade formation of the British Army that saw active service during both the First and Second world wars.
The 7th Armoured Division was an armoured division of the British Army that saw distinguished active service during World War II, where its exploits in the Western Desert Campaign gained it the Desert Rats nickname.
The 9th Royal Tank Regiment (9 RTR) was an armoured regiment of the British Army active during the Second World War.
53rd (Welsh) Division, 53rd (Welsh) Division (United Kingdom), 53rd (Welsh) Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 53rd Division (British), 53rd Welsh Division, 53rd Welsh Infantry Division, British 53rd (Welsh) Division, British 53rd (Welsh) Infantry Division, British 53rd Division, Welsh Division.