97 relations: Barabash (rural locality), Battle at Borodino Field, Battle of Kiev (1941), Battle of Moscow, Battle of Smolensk (1943), Belarus, Berdychiv, Bikin, Bryansk Front, Cavalry mechanized group, Chernyakhovsk, Dmitry Lelyushenko, East Prussia, East Prussian Offensive, Far Eastern Front, Far Eastern Military District, Field army, Fortified district, Gagarin, Smolensk Oblast, Germans, Gumbinnen Operation, Harbin, Igor Rodionov, Istra, Istrinsky District, Moscow Oblast, Ivan Fedyuninsky, Ivan Sovetnikov, Jilin, John Erickson (historian), Joseph Stalin, Kiev, Kovel, Leningrad Front, Leonid Govorov, Lesozavodsk, Mikhail Kirponos, Military district, Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, Mozhaysk, Naro-Fominsk, Nikolay Krylov (marshal), NKVD, Operation Bagration, Operation Barbarossa, Operation Mars, OTR-21 Tochka, Pyotr Shafranov, Red Army, Russian Ground Forces, Rzhev, Sambia Peninsula, ..., Saratov Oblast, Sovetsk, Kaliningrad Oblast, Soviet Army, Soviet invasion of Manchuria, Soviet invasion of Poland, Soviet Union, Stavka, Ukraine, Ussuriysk, Vilnius, Volodymyr-Volynskyi, Vremya Novostei, Vyazma, Western Front (Soviet Union), World War II, XX Army Corps (Wehrmacht), XXVIII Army Corps (Wehrmacht), Yakov Cherevichenko, Zvenigorod, 10th Panzer Division (Wehrmacht), 11th Panzer Division (Wehrmacht), 121st Motor Rifle Division, 127th Machine Gun Artillery Division, 144th Guards Motor Rifle Division, 15th Rifle Corps, 16th Army (Soviet Union), 17th Guards Rifle Division, 17th Rifle Corps, 18th Machine Gun Artillery Division, 1st Panzer Army, 25th Army (Soviet Union), 29th Rifle Division (Soviet Union), 2nd Army (Wehrmacht), 2nd SS Panzer Division Das Reich, 3rd Belorussian Front, 45th Rifle Division (Soviet Union), 4th Mechanized Corps (Soviet Union), 4th Rocket Brigade, 50th Army (Soviet Union), 57th Army (Soviet Union), 62nd Rifle Division (Soviet Union), 6th Army (Soviet Union), 6th Army (Wehrmacht), 81st Guards Rifle Division, 87th Rifle Division (Soviet Union), 90th Guards Rifle Division, 93rd Motor Rifle Brigade. Expand index (47 more) » « Shrink index
Barabash is a rural locality (village), the administrative center of the Barabashsky Rural Settlement, part of the Khasansky District in Primorsky Krai in Russia.
The Battle at Borodino Field was a part of the Battle of Moscow, on the Eastern Front of World War II.
The First Battle of Kiev was the German name for the operation that resulted in a very large encirclement of Soviet troops in the vicinity of Kiev during World War II.
The Battle of Moscow (translit) was a military campaign that consisted of two periods of strategically significant fighting on a sector of the Eastern Front during World War II.
The second Battle of Smolensk (7 August–2 October 1943) was a Soviet strategic offensive operation conducted by the Red Army as part of the Summer-Autumn Campaign of 1943.
Belarus (Беларусь, Biełaruś,; Беларусь, Belarus'), officially the Republic of Belarus (Рэспубліка Беларусь; Республика Беларусь), formerly known by its Russian name Byelorussia or Belorussia (Белоруссия, Byelorussiya), is a landlocked country in Eastern Europe bordered by Russia to the northeast, Ukraine to the south, Poland to the west, and Lithuania and Latvia to the northwest.
Berdychiv (Бердичів, Polish: Berdyczów, Bardichev, Berdichev) is a historic city in the Zhytomyr Oblast (province) of northern Ukraine.
Bikin (Бики́н) is a town in Khabarovsk Krai, Russia, located on the Bikin River (a tributary of the Ussuri) southwest of Khabarovsk.
The Bryansk Front (Брянский фронт) was a major formation of the Red Army during the Second World War.
A cavalry-mechanized group was a type of military formation used in the Red Army during World War II against Germany and Japan.
Chernyakhovsk (Черняхо́вск); prior to 1946 known by its German name (Įsrutis; Wystruć) is a town and the administrative center of Chernyakhovsky District in Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia, located at the confluence of the Instruch and Angrapa Rivers, forming the Pregolya.
Christmas is an annual festival commemorating the birth of Jesus Christ,Martindale, Cyril Charles.
The Christmas season, also called the festive season, or the holiday season (mainly in the U.S. and Canada; often simply called the holidays),, is an annually recurring period recognized in many Western and Western-influenced countries that is generally considered to run from late November to early January.
Christmas Eve is the evening or entire day before Christmas Day, the festival commemorating the birth of Jesus.
Christmas traditions vary from country to country.
Dmitry Danilovich Lelyushenko (Дми́трий Дани́лович Лелюше́нко; (– July 20, 1987) was a Soviet military commander, Army General (1959). Twice the Hero of the Soviet Union (April 7, 1940 and April 5, 1945), Hero of Czechoslovakia (May 30, 1970). Member of the CPSU from 1924. Born in Rostov Oblast, ethnically Ukrainian. In 1941, during the first months of the Great Patriotic War, Dmitry Danilovich Lelyushenko became a strong influence during the defence of Moscow against the German invasion. His subsequent battlefield commands were largely successful and his final actions in 1945 involved directing forces during the Red Army’s attacks on both Berlin and Prague.
East Prussia (Ostpreußen,; Prusy Wschodnie; Rytų Prūsija; Borussia orientalis; Восточная Пруссия) was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia from 1773 to 1829 and again from 1878 (with the Kingdom itself being part of the German Empire from 1871); following World War I it formed part of the Weimar Republic's Free State of Prussia, until 1945.
The East Prussian Offensive was a strategic offensive by the Soviet Red Army against the German Wehrmacht on the Eastern Front (World War II).
The Far Eastern Front was a front — a level of military formation that is equivalent to army group — of the Soviet Army during the Russian Civil War and the Second World War.
The Far Eastern Military District (Dalʹnevostochnyĭ voennyĭ okrug, Дальневосточный военный округ) was a military district of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation.
A field army (or numbered army or simply army) is a military formation in many armed forces, composed of two or more corps and may be subordinate to an army group.
A fortified district or fortified region (Укреплённый район, Укрепрайон, ukreplyonny raion, ukrepraion) in the military terminology of the Soviet Union, is a territory within which a complex system of defense fortifications was engineered.
Gagarin (Гага́рин), known until 1968 as Gzhatsk (Гжатск), is a town and the administrative center of Gagarinsky District of Smolensk Oblast, Russia, located on the Gzhat River, northeast of Smolensk, the administrative center of the oblast.
Germans (Deutsche) are a Germanic ethnic group native to Central Europe, who share a common German ancestry, culture and history.
The Gumbinnen Operation,Glantz, Failures of Historiography also known as the Goldap Operation (or Goldap-Gumbinnen Operation, Гумбиннен-Гольдапская наступательная операция), was a Soviet offensive on the Eastern Front late in 1944, in which forces of the 3rd Belorussian Front attempted to penetrate the borders of East Prussia.
Harbin is the capital of Heilongjiang province, and largest city in the northeastern region of the People's Republic of China.
Igor Nikolayevich Rodionov (Игорь Николаевич Родионов; 1 December 1936 – 19 December 2014) was a Russian general and Duma deputy.
Istra (И́стра) is a town and the administrative center of Istrinsky District in Moscow Oblast, Russia, located on the Istra River, west of Moscow, on the Moscow–Riga railway.
Ivan Ivanovich Fedyuninsky (Иван Иванович Федюнинский; July 30, 1900 – October 17, 1977) was a Soviet military leader and Hero of the Soviet Union (1939).
Ivan Gerasimovich Sovetnikov (June 13, 1897 - February 1, 1957) was a Soviet military leader.
Jilin, formerly romanized as Kirin is one of the three provinces of Northeast China.
John Erickson FRSE FBA FRSA (17 April 1929 in South Shields – 10 February 2002 in Edinburgh) was a British historian and defence expert who wrote extensively on the Second World War. His two best-known books – The Road to Stalingrad and The Road to Berlin – dealt with the Soviet response to the German invasion of the Soviet Union, covering the period from 1941 to 1945. He was respected for his knowledge of Russia during the Cold War. His Russian language skills and knowledge gained him respect.
Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin (18 December 1878 – 5 March 1953) was a Soviet revolutionary and politician of Georgian nationality.
Kiev or Kyiv (Kyiv; Kiyev; Kyjev) is the capital and largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper.
Kovel (Polish: Kowel, קאָוועל) is a town in Volyn Oblast (province), in northwestern Ukraine.
The Leningrad Front (Ленинградский фронт) was formed during the 1941 German approach on Leningrad (now Saint Petersburg) by dividing the Northern Front into the Leningrad Front and Karelian Front on August 27, 1941.
Leonid Aleksandrovich Govorov (Леони́д Алекса́ндрович Го́воров) (– 19 March 1955) was a Soviet military commander.
Lesozavodsk (Лесозаво́дск) is a town in Primorsky Krai, Russia, located on the Ussuri River (Amur's tributary), from the Sino–Russian border and about north of Vladivostok, the administrative center of the krai.
Mikhail Petrovich Kirponos (Михаи́л Петро́вич Кирпоно́с, Михайло Петрович Кирпонос, Mykhailo Petrovych Kyrponos; 12 January 1892 – 20 September 1941) was a Soviet Ukrainian general of the Red Army during World War II.
Military districts (also called military regions) are formations of a state's armed forces (often of the Army) which are responsible for a certain area of territory.
The Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, also known as the Nazi–Soviet Pact,Charles Peters (2005), Five Days in Philadelphia: The Amazing "We Want Willkie!" Convention of 1940 and How It Freed FDR to Save the Western World, New York: PublicAffairs, Ch.
MozhayskAlternative transliterations include Mozhaisk, Mozhajsk, Mozhaĭsk, and Možajsk.
Naro-Fominsk (На́ро-Фоми́нск) is a town and the administrative center of Naro-Fominsky District in Moscow Oblast, Russia, located on the Nara River, southwest from Moscow.
New Year is the time or day at which a new calendar year begins and the calendar's year count increments by one.
New Year's Day, also called simply New Year's or New Year, is observed on January 1, the first day of the year on the modern Gregorian calendar as well as the Julian calendar.
In the Gregorian calendar, New Year's Eve (also known as Old Year's Day or Saint Sylvester's Day in many countries), the last day of the year, is on 31 December which is the seventh day of Christmastide.
Nikolai Ivanovich Krylov (Никола́й Ива́нович Крыло́в; April 29, 1903 – February 9, 1972) was a Russian Marshal of the Soviet Union (from 1962).
The People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs (Народный комиссариат внутренних дел, Narodnyy Komissariat Vnutrennikh Del), abbreviated NKVD (НКВД), was the interior ministry of the Soviet Union.
Operation Bagration (Операция Багратио́н, Operatsiya Bagration) was the codename for the Soviet 1944 Belorussian Strategic Offensive Operation, (Белорусская наступательная операция «Багратион», Belorusskaya nastupatelnaya Operatsiya Bagration) a military campaign fought between 22 June and 19 August 1944 in Soviet Byelorussia in the Eastern Front of World War II.
Operation Barbarossa (German: Unternehmen Barbarossa) was the code name for the Axis invasion of the Soviet Union, which started on Sunday, 22 June 1941, during World War II.
Operation Mars, also known as the Second Rzhev-Sychevka Offensive Operation (Russian: Вторая Ржевско-Сычёвская наступательная операция), was the codename for an offensive launched by Soviet forces against German forces during World War II.
OTR-21 Tochka (оперативно-тактический ракетный комплекс (ОТР) «Точка» ("dot"); Tactical Operational Missile Complex "Tochka") is a Soviet tactical ballistic missile.
Pyotr Grigoryevich Shafranov (January 19, 1901 – November 4, 1972) was a Soviet Colonel-General and Hero of the Soviet Union (19 April 1945, medal № 7418).
The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army (Рабоче-крестьянская Красная армия (РККА), Raboche-krest'yanskaya Krasnaya armiya (RKKA), frequently shortened in Russian to Красная aрмия (КА), Krasnaya armiya (KA), in English: Red Army, also in critical literature and folklore of that epoch – Red Horde, Army of Work) was the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, and, after 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
The Ground Forces of the Russian Federation (r) are the land forces of the Russian Armed Forces, formed from parts of the collapsing Soviet Army in 1992.
Rzhev (p) is a town in Tver Oblast, Russia, located southwest of Staritsa and from Tver, on the highway and railway connecting Moscow and Riga.
Sambia (Самбийский полуостров, Sambiysky poluostrov, literally the Sambiysky Peninsula;Sembos pusiasalis) or Samland (Земландский полуостров, Zemlandsky poluostrov, literally the Zemlandsky Peninsula) or Kaliningrad Peninsula (official name, Калининградский полуостров, Kaliningradsky poluostrov) is a peninsula in the Kaliningrad Oblast of Russia, on the southeastern shore of the Baltic Sea.
Saratov Oblast (Сара́товская о́бласть, Saratovskaya oblast) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast), located in the Volga Federal District.
Sovetsk (Сове́тск), before 1946 known as Tilsit (Tilžė; Tylża) in East Prussia, is a town in Kaliningrad Oblast, Russia, located on the south bank of the Neman River.
The Soviet Army (SA; Советская Армия, Sovetskaya Armiya) is the name given to the main land-based branch of the Soviet Armed Forces between February 1946 and December 1991, when it was replaced with the Russian Ground Forces, although it was not taken fully out of service until 25 December 1993.
The Soviet invasion of Manchuria, formally known as the Manchurian Strategic Offensive Operation (Манчжурская стратегическая наступательная операция, lit. Manchzhurskaya Strategicheskaya Nastupatelnaya Operatsiya) or simply the Manchurian Operation (Маньчжурская операция), began on 9 August 1945 with the Soviet invasion of the Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo.
The Soviet invasion of Poland was a Soviet Union military operation that started without a formal declaration of war on 17 September 1939.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
The Stavka (Ставка) was the high command of the armed forces in the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union.
Ukraine (Ukrayina), sometimes called the Ukraine, is a sovereign state in Eastern Europe, bordered by Russia to the east and northeast; Belarus to the northwest; Poland, Hungary, and Slovakia to the west; Romania and Moldova to the southwest; and the Black Sea and Sea of Azov to the south and southeast, respectively.
Ussuriysk (Уссури́йск) is a city in Primorsky Krai, Russia, located in the fertile valley of the Razdolnaya River, north of Vladivostok, the administrative center of the krai, and about from both the China–Russia border and the Pacific Ocean.
Vilnius (see also other names) is the capital of Lithuania and its largest city, with a population of 574,221.
Volodymyr-Volynskyi (Володимир-Волинський, Włodzimierz Wołyński, Влади́мир-Волы́нский, לודמיר, Lodomeria) is a small city located in Volyn Oblast, in north-western Ukraine.
Vremya Novostei (Время новостей, translated as News Time) was a Russian business socio-political daily newspaper based in Moscow.
Vyazma (Вя́зьма) is a town and the administrative center of Vyazemsky District in Smolensk Oblast, Russia, located on the Vyazma River, about halfway between Smolensk, the administrative center of the oblast, and Mozhaysk.
The Western Front was a front of the Red Army, one of the Red Army Fronts during World War II.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The XXVIII Army Corps (German designation XXVIII. Armeekorps) was a corps which served in Nazi Germany's Wehrmacht during World War II.
Yakov Timofeyevich Cherevichenko (Я́ков Тимофе́евич Черевиче́нко; 12 October 1894 – 4 July 1976) was a Soviet military leader.
Zvenigorod (Звени́город) is an old town in Moscow Oblast, Russia.
The 10th Panzer Division was a formation of the German Army during World War II.
The 11th Panzer Division (11th Tank Division) was an armoured division in the German Army, the Wehrmacht, during World War II, established in 1940.
The 121st Motor Rifle Division was a Russian Ground Forces motorized infantry division, based in Monastyrishche.
The 127th Order of Kutuzov Second Degree Machine-Gun Artillery Division (127 пулемётно-артиллерийская дивизия) was a division of the Russian Ground Forces, which traced its history to the 66th Rifle Division of World War II.
The 32nd Rifle Division was first raised in 1934 at Vladivostok and organized as a Siberian Rifle Division.
The 15th Rifle Corps was a corps of the Soviet Red Army.
The 16th Army was a Soviet field army active from 1940 to 1945.
The 17th Guards Rifle Division was created on March 17, 1942, from the first formation of the 119th Rifle Division, in recognition of that division's stalwart defense against German Army Group Center in the Battle of Moscow, and in the subsequent strategic offensive that threw the German forces back from the capital.
The 17th Rifle Corps was a corps of the Red Army and later the Soviet Army, formed three times.
The 18th Machine Gun Artillery Division is a division of the Russian Ground Forces.
The 1st Panzer Army (1.) was a German tank army which was a large armoured formation of the Wehrmacht during World War II.
2018 has been designated as the third International Year of the Reef by the International Coral Reef Initiative.
2019 (MMXIX) will be a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium, the 19th year of the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.
The 25th Army was a Red Army field army of World War II that served in the Russian Far East.
The 29th Rifle Division was an infantry division of the Red Army and later the Soviet Army.
The 2nd Army (German: 2. Armee Oberkommando) was a World War II field army.
The 2nd SS Panzer Division "Das Reich" (2. SS-Panzerdivision "Das Reich".) was one of 38 divisions of the Waffen-SS of Nazi Germany during World War II.
The 3rd Belorussian Front (alternative spellings are 3rd Byelorussian Front and 3rd Belarusian Front) was a Front of the Red Army during the Second World War.
The 45th Rifle Division was a Red Army infantry division formed originally during the Russian Civil War that fought in World War II and then served through the Cold War in the Leningrad Military District.
The 4th Mechanized Corps was a formation in the Soviet Red Army during the Second World War.
The 4th Rocket Brigade was a Tactical ballistic missile brigade of the Soviet Army and the Russian Ground Forces from 1961 to 1997.
The 50th Army was a Soviet field army during World War II.
The 57th Army was a field army of the Soviet Union's Red Army that was created in 1941, and then disbanded and created a second time in 1943.
The 62nd Rifle Division was an infantry division of the Soviet Union's Red Army, formed four times and active during World War II and the postwar period.
The 6th Army was a field army of the Soviet Red Army formed four times during World War II and active with the Russian Ground Forces until 1998.
The 6th Army, a field-army unit of the German Wehrmacht during World War II (1939-1945), has become widely remembered for its destruction by the Red Army at the Battle of Stalingrad in the winter of 1942/43.
The 81st Guards Rifle Division was an infantry division of the Red Army and the Soviet Army.
The 87th Rifle Division was an infantry division of the Red Army, active before, during the Second World War and afterwards.
The 90th Guards Rifle Vitebsk Division was an infantry division of the Red Army during World War II.
The 93rd Motor Rifle Brigade was a motorized infantry brigade of the Russian Ground Forces.