214 relations: Address bus, Address space, Advanced Micro Devices, AMD Phenom, AMD Turion, Android (operating system), Android Lollipop, Apple A7, Apple Inc., Application programming interface, Arithmetic logic unit, ARM architecture, Arm Holdings, Atari, Atari Jaguar, Athlon 64, Athlon II, Berkeley Software Distribution, Binary number, Bit, Bus (computing), Byte addressing, C (programming language), C++, CDC STAR-100, Celeron, Cell (microprocessor), Central processing unit, Computer architecture, Computer memory, Control Data Corporation, Cray, Cray-1, Cygwin, Data model, Database, Datapath, DEC Alpha, DEC Prism, Device driver, Digital Equipment Corporation, Digital video, Direct memory access, Elbrus (computer), Elbrus-8S, Elxsi, Emulator, Epyc, Exabyte, Exbibyte, ..., Floating-point arithmetic, FreeBSD, Fujitsu, Gibibyte, HAL Computer Systems, HAL SPARC64, Hewlett-Packard, Hitachi, HP-UX, IA-32, IA-64, IBM, IBM 7030 Stretch, IBM A2, IBM AIX, IBM mainframe, IBM POWER instruction set architecture, IBM POWER microprocessors, IBM RS64, IBM System i, IBM System/360, IBM System/390, IBM Z, IBM z13 (microprocessor), IBM z14 (microprocessor), ICL 2900 Series, Input–output memory management unit, Instruction set architecture, Integer, Integer (computer science), Intel, Intel 80386, Intel Atom, Intel Core, Intel Core (microarchitecture), Intel i860, International Computers Limited, IOS 11, IOS 7, IPhone 5S, IRIX, Itanium, Kendall Square Research, Linux, Linux distribution, Linux on z Systems, List of AMD FX microprocessors, Mac OS X Leopard, Mac OS X Lion, Mac OS X Panther, Mac OS X Snow Leopard, Mac OS X Tiger, Machine code, MacOS, Mainframe computer, Mark Kilgard, Mebibyte, Memory address, Memory-mapped file, Microprocessor, Microsoft Visual C++, Microsoft Windows, MinGW, Minisupercomputer, MIPS architecture, MIPS Technologies, Motorola 68000 series, MVS, Names of large numbers, NEC, NEC SX architecture, Nexus 9, Nintendo, Nintendo 64, Objective-C, Octet (computing), Open-source model, OpenVMS, Operating system, Opteron, Oracle Corporation, OS X Mountain Lion, PA-8000, PA-RISC, Pebibyte, Pentium, Pentium 4, Pentium Pro, Personal computer, Phenom II, Physical Address Extension, PlayStation 2, PlayStation 3, Plug-in (computing), Pointer (computer programming), Porting, Power Architecture, POWER3, POWER4, POWER5, POWER6, POWER7, POWER8, POWER9, PowerPC 970, Process (computing), Processor (computing), Processor register, Quantum Effect Devices, R10000, R4000, R5000, R8000, Random-access memory, Reduced instruction set computer, RISC-V, Ryzen, Sempron, Server (computing), SGI Crimson, Signedness, Silicon Graphics, SIMD, Smartphone, Software, Solaris (operating system), SPARC, Sun Microsystems, Supercomputer, Superminicomputer, SX-Aurora TSUBASA, System on a chip, Tablet computer, Tebibyte, Toolchain, Two's complement, UltraSPARC, UNICOS, Unix, Unix-like, VAX, VIA Nano, VIA Technologies, Video game console, Virtual machine, Virtual memory, Windows 7, Windows Server 2003, Windows Server 2008 R2, Windows Vista, Windows XP editions, Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, Word (computer architecture), Workstation, WoW64, X86, X86-64, X87, Xeon, Xeon Phi, Z/Architecture, Z/OS, 3 GB barrier, 32-bit. Expand index (164 more) » « Shrink index
An address bus is a computer bus (a series of lines connecting two or more devices) that is used to specify a physical address.
In computing, an address space defines a range of discrete addresses, each of which may correspond to a network host, peripheral device, disk sector, a memory cell or other logical or physical entity.
Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. (AMD) is an American multinational semiconductor company based in Santa Clara, California, that develops computer processors and related technologies for business and consumer markets.
Phenom is the 64-bit AMD desktop processor line based on the K10 microarchitecture, in what AMD calls family 10h (10 hex, i.e. 16 in normal decimal numbers) processors, sometimes incorrectly called "K10h".
AMD Turion is the brand name AMD applies to its x86-64 low-power consumption (mobile) processors codenamed K8L.
Android is a mobile operating system developed by Google, based on a modified version of the Linux kernel and other open source software and designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets.
Android "Lollipop" is a codename for the Android mobile operating system developed by Google, spanning versions between 5.0 and 5.1.1.
The Apple A7 is a 64-bit system on a chip (SoC) designed by Apple Inc. It first appeared in the iPhone 5S, which was introduced on September 10, 2013.
Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.
In computer programming, an application programming interface (API) is a set of subroutine definitions, protocols, and tools for building software.
An arithmetic logic unit (ALU) is a combinational digital electronic circuit that performs arithmetic and bitwise operations on integer binary numbers.
ARM, previously Advanced RISC Machine, originally Acorn RISC Machine, is a family of reduced instruction set computing (RISC) architectures for computer processors, configured for various environments.
Arm Holdings (Arm) is a multinational semiconductor and software design company, owned by SoftBank Group and its Vision Fund.
Atari is a corporate and brand name owned by several entities since its inception in 1972, currently by Atari Interactive, a subsidiary of the French publisher Atari, SA.
The Atari Jaguar is a home video game console that was developed by Atari Corporation.
The Athlon 64 is an eighth-generation, AMD64-architecture microprocessor produced by AMD, released on September 23, 2003.
Athlon II is a family of AMD multi-core 45 nm central processing units, which is aimed at the budget to mid-range market and is a complementary product lineup to the Phenom II.
Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD) was a Unix operating system derivative developed and distributed by the Computer Systems Research Group (CSRG) of the University of California, Berkeley, from 1977 to 1995.
In mathematics and digital electronics, a binary number is a number expressed in the base-2 numeral system or binary numeral system, which uses only two symbols: typically 0 (zero) and 1 (one).
The bit (a portmanteau of binary digit) is a basic unit of information used in computing and digital communications.
In computer architecture, a bus (a contraction of the Latin omnibus) is a communication system that transfers data between components inside a computer, or between computers.
Byte addressing refers to hardware architectures which support accessing individual bytes of data rather than only larger units called words, which would be word-addressable.
C (as in the letter ''c'') is a general-purpose, imperative computer programming language, supporting structured programming, lexical variable scope and recursion, while a static type system prevents many unintended operations.
C++ ("see plus plus") is a general-purpose programming language.
The CDC STAR-100 is a vector supercomputer that was designed, manufactured, and marketed by Control Data Corporation (CDC).
Celeron is a brand name given by Intel to a number of different low-end IA-32 and x86-64 computer microprocessor models targeted at budget personal computers.
Cell is a multi-core microprocessor microarchitecture that combines a general-purpose Power Architecture core of modest performance with streamlined coprocessing elements which greatly accelerate multimedia and vector processing applications, as well as many other forms of dedicated computation.
A central processing unit (CPU) is the electronic circuitry within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetic, logical, control and input/output (I/O) operations specified by the instructions.
In computer engineering, computer architecture is a set of rules and methods that describe the functionality, organization, and implementation of computer systems.
In computing, memory refers to the computer hardware integrated circuits that store information for immediate use in a computer; it is synonymous with the term "primary storage".
Control Data Corporation (CDC) was a mainframe and supercomputer firm.
Cray Inc. is an American supercomputer manufacturer headquartered in Seattle, Washington.
The Cray-1 was a supercomputer designed, manufactured and marketed by Cray Research.
Cygwin is a Unix-like environment and command-line interface for Microsoft Windows.
A data model (or datamodel) is a set of tables, linked by relationships and is an abstract model that organizes elements of data and standardizes how they relate to one another and to properties of the real world entities.
A database is an organized collection of data, stored and accessed electronically.
A datapath is a collection of functional units such as arithmetic logic units or multipliers, that perform data processing operations, registers, and buses.
Alpha, originally known as Alpha AXP, is a 64-bit reduced instruction set computing (RISC) instruction set architecture (ISA) developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC), designed to replace their 32-bit VAX complex instruction set computer (CISC) ISA.
Prism is a 32-bit RISC instruction set architecture (ISA) developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC).
In computing, a device driver is a computer program that operates or controls a particular type of device that is attached to a computer.
Digital Equipment Corporation, also known as DEC and using the trademark Digital, was a major American company in the computer industry from the 1950s to the 1990s.
Digital video is an electronic representation of moving visual images (video) in the form of encoded digital data.
Direct memory access (DMA) is a feature of computer systems that allows certain hardware subsystems to access main system memory (Random-access memory), independent of the central processing unit (CPU).
The Elbrus (Эльбрус) is a line of Soviet and Russian computer systems developed by Lebedev Institute of Precision Mechanics and Computer Engineering.
The Elbrus-8S (Эльбрус-8С) is a Russian 28 nanometer 8-core microprocessor under development by Moscow Center of SPARC Technologies (MCST).
Elxsi (now Tata Elxsi) was a minicomputer manufacturing company established in the late 1970s along with a host of other competitors (Trilogy Systems, Sequent, Convex Computer) in Silicon Valley, USA.
In computing, an emulator is hardware or software that enables one computer system (called the host) to behave like another computer system (called the guest).
Epyc is AMD's x86 server processor line based on the company's Zen microarchitecture.
The exabyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
The exbibyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
In computing, floating-point arithmetic is arithmetic using formulaic representation of real numbers as an approximation so as to support a trade-off between range and precision.
FreeBSD is a free and open-source Unix-like operating system descended from Research Unix via the Berkeley Software Distribution (BSD).
is a Japanese multinational information technology equipment and services company headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.
The gibibyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
HAL Computer Systems, Inc was a Campbell, California-based computer manufacturer founded in 1990 by Andrew Heller, a principal designer of the original IBM POWER architecture.
SPARC64 is a microprocessor developed by HAL Computer Systems and fabricated by Fujitsu.
The Hewlett-Packard Company (commonly referred to as HP) or shortened to Hewlett-Packard was an American multinational information technology company headquartered in Palo Alto, California.
() is a Japanese multinational conglomerate company headquartered in Chiyoda, Tokyo, Japan.
HP-UX (from "Hewlett Packard Unix") is Hewlett Packard Enterprise's proprietary implementation of the Unix operating system, based on UNIX System V (initially System III) and first released in 1984.
IA-32 (short for "Intel Architecture, 32-bit", sometimes also called i386) is the 32-bit version of the x86 instruction set architecture, first implemented in the Intel 80386 microprocessors in 1985.
IA-64 (also called Intel Itanium architecture) is the instruction set architecture (ISA) of the Itanium family of 64-bit Intel microprocessors.
The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries.
The IBM 7030, also known as Stretch, was IBM's first transistorized supercomputer.
The IBM A2 is a massively multicore capable and multithreaded 64-bit Power Architecture processor core designed by IBM using the Power ISA v.2.06 specification.
AIX (Advanced Interactive eXecutive, pronounced) is a series of proprietary Unix operating systems developed and sold by IBM for several of its computer platforms.
IBM mainframes are large computer systems produced by IBM since 1952.
The IBM POWER ISA is a reduced instruction set computer (RISC) instruction set architecture (ISA) developed by IBM.
IBM has a series of high performance microprocessors called POWER followed by a number designating generation, i.e. POWER1, POWER2, POWER3 and so forth up to the latest POWER9.
The IBM RS64 is a family of microprocessors that were used in the late 1990s in IBM's RS/6000 and AS/400 servers.
The IBM System i is IBM's previous generation of midrange computer systems for IBM i users, and was subsequently replaced by the IBM Power Systems in April 2008.
The IBM System/360 (S/360) is a family of mainframe computer systems that was announced by IBM on April 7, 1964, and delivered between 1965 and 1978.
The IBM System/390 was the third major generation of the System/360 line of computers.
IBM Z is a family name used by IBM for all of its mainframe computers from the Z900 on.
The z13 is a microprocessor made by IBM for their z13 mainframe computers, announced on January 14, 2015.
The z14 is a microprocessor made by IBM for their IBM Z mainframe computers, announced on July 17, 2017.
The ICL 2900 Series was a range of mainframe computer systems announced by the UK manufacturer ICL on 9 October 1974.
In computing, an input–output memory management unit (IOMMU) is a memory management unit (MMU) that connects a direct-memory-access–capable (DMA-capable) I/O bus to the main memory.
An instruction set architecture (ISA) is an abstract model of a computer.
An integer (from the Latin ''integer'' meaning "whole")Integer 's first literal meaning in Latin is "untouched", from in ("not") plus tangere ("to touch").
In computer science, an integer is a datum of integral data type, a data type that represents some range of mathematical integers.
Intel Corporation (stylized as intel) is an American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California, in the Silicon Valley.
The Intel 80386, also known as i386 or just 386, is a 32-bit microprocessor introduced in 1985.
Intel Atom is the brand name for a line of ultra-low-voltage IA-32 and x86-64 microprocessors by Intel Corporation.
Intel Core is a line of mid-to-high end consumer, workstation, and enthusiast central processing units (CPU) marketed by Intel Corporation.
The Intel Core microarchitecture (previously known as the Next-Generation Micro-Architecture) is a multi-core processor microarchitecture unveiled by Intel in Q1 2006.
The Intel i860 (also known as 80860) was a RISC microprocessor design introduced by Intel in 1989.
International Computers Limited (ICL) was a large British computer hardware, computer software and computer services company that operated from 1968 until 2002.
iOS 11 is the eleventh major release of the iOS mobile operating system developed by Apple Inc., being the successor to iOS 10.
iOS 7 is the seventh major release of the iOS mobile operating system developed by Apple Inc., being the successor to iOS 6.
The iPhone 5S is a smartphone that was designed and marketed by Apple Inc. Part of the iPhone series, the device was unveiled on September 10, 2013, at Apple's Cupertino headquarters.
IRIX is a discontinued operating system developed by Silicon Graphics (SGI) to run on their MIPS workstations and servers.
Itanium is a family of 64-bit Intel microprocessors that implement the Intel Itanium architecture (formerly called IA-64).
Kendall Square Research (KSR) was a supercomputer company headquartered originally in Kendall Square in Cambridge, Massachusetts in 1986, near Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).
Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel.
A Linux distribution (often abbreviated as distro) is an operating system made from a software collection, which is based upon the Linux kernel and, often, a package management system.
Linux on IBM Z (or Linux on z for short, and previously Linux on z Systems) is the collective term for the Linux operating system compiled to run on IBM mainframes, especially IBM Z and IBM LinuxONE servers.
AMD FX was a series of AMD microprocessors for personal computers.
Mac OS X Leopard (version 10.5) is the sixth major release of Mac OS X (now named macOS), Apple's desktop and server operating system for Macintosh computers.
Mac OS X Lion (version 10.7) is the eighth major release of Mac OS X (now named macOS), Apple's desktop and server operating system for Macintosh computers.
Mac OS X Panther (version 10.3) is the fourth major release of Mac OS X (now named macOS), Apple’s desktop and server operating system.
Mac OS X Snow Leopard (version 10.6) is the seventh major release of Mac OS X (now named macOS), Apple's desktop and server operating system for Macintosh computers.
Mac OS X Tiger (version 10.4) is the fifth major release of Mac OS X (now named macOS), Apple's desktop and server operating system for Mac computers.
Machine code is a computer program written in machine language instructions that can be executed directly by a computer's central processing unit (CPU).
macOS (previously and later) is a series of graphical operating systems developed and marketed by Apple Inc. since 2001.
Mainframe computers (colloquially referred to as "big iron") are computers used primarily by large organizations for critical applications; bulk data processing, such as census, industry and consumer statistics, enterprise resource planning; and transaction processing.
Mark J. Kilgard is a graphics software engineer working at Nvidia.
The mebibyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
In computing, a memory address is a reference to a specific memory location used at various levels by software and hardware.
A memory-mapped file is a segment of virtual memory that has been assigned a direct byte-for-byte correlation with some portion of a file or file-like resource.
A microprocessor is a computer processor that incorporates the functions of a central processing unit on a single integrated circuit (IC), or at most a few integrated circuits.
Microsoft Visual C++ (often abbreviated to MSVC) is an integrated development environment (IDE) product from Microsoft for the C, C++, and C++/CLI programming languages.
Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.
MinGW (Minimalist GNU for Windows), formerly mingw32, is a free and open source software development environment for creating Microsoft Windows applications.
Minisupercomputers constituted a short-lived class of computers that emerged in the mid-1980s, characterized by the combination of vector processing and small-scale multiprocessing.
MIPS (an acronym for Microprocessor without Interlocked Pipeline Stages) is a reduced instruction set computer (RISC) instruction set architecture (ISA)Price, Charles (September 1995).
MIPS Technologies, Inc., formerly MIPS Computer Systems, Inc., is an American fabless semiconductor design company that is most widely known for developing the MIPS architecture and a series of RISC CPU chips based on it.
The Motorola 68000 series (also termed 680x0, m68000, m68k, or 68k) is a family of 32-bit CISC microprocessors.
Multiple Virtual Storage, more commonly called MVS, was the most commonly used operating system on the System/370 and System/390 IBM mainframe computers.
This article lists and discusses the usage and derivation of names of large numbers, together with their possible extensions.
is a Japanese multinational provider of information technology (IT) services and products, headquartered in Minato, Tokyo, Japan.
The SX series are vector supercomputers designed, manufactured, and marketed by NEC.
The Nexus 9 (codenamed Volantis or Flounder) is a tablet computer co-developed by Google and HTC that runs the Android operating system.
Nintendo Co., Ltd. is a Japanese multinational consumer electronics and video game company headquartered in Kyoto.
The, stylized as NINTENDO64 and abbreviated to N64, is Nintendo's third home video game console for the international market.
Objective-C is a general-purpose, object-oriented programming language that adds Smalltalk-style messaging to the C programming language.
The octet is a unit of digital information in computing and telecommunications that consists of eight bits.
The open-source model is a decentralized software-development model that encourages open collaboration.
OpenVMS is a closed-source, proprietary computer operating system for use in general-purpose computing.
An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
Opteron is AMD's x86 former server and workstation processor line, and was the first processor which supported the AMD64 instruction set architecture (known generically as x86-64).
Oracle Corporation is an American multinational computer technology corporation, headquartered in Redwood Shores, California.
OS X Mountain Lion (version 10.8) is the ninth major release of OS X (now named macOS), Apple Inc.'s desktop and server operating system for Macintosh computers.
The PA-8000 (PCX-U), code-named Onyx, is a microprocessor developed and fabricated by Hewlett-Packard (HP) that implemented the PA-RISC 2.0 instruction set architecture (ISA).
PA-RISC is an instruction set architecture (ISA) developed by Hewlett-Packard.
The pebibyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
Pentium is a brand used for a series of x86 architecture-compatible microprocessors produced by Intel since 1993.
Pentium 4 is a brand by Intel for an entire series of single-core CPUs for desktops, laptops and entry-level servers.
The Pentium Pro is a sixth-generation x86 microprocessor developed and manufactured by Intel introduced in November 1, 1995.
A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use.
Phenom II is a family of AMD's multi-core 45 nm processors using the AMD K10 microarchitecture, succeeding the original Phenom.
In computing, Physical Address Extension (PAE), sometimes referred to as Page Address Extension, is a memory management feature for the x86 architecture.
The PlayStation 2 (PS2) is a home video game console that was developed by Sony Computer Entertainment.
The PlayStation 3 (PS3) is a home video game console developed by Sony Computer Entertainment.
In computing, a plug-in (or plugin, add-in, addin, add-on, addon, or extension) is a software component that adds a specific feature to an existing computer program.
In computer science, a pointer is a programming language object that stores the memory address of another value located in computer memory.
In software engineering, porting is the process of adapting software for the purpose of achieving some form of execution in a computing environment that is different from the one that a given program (meant for such execution) was originally designed for (e.g. different CPU, operating system, or third party library).
Power Architecture is a registered trademark for similar reduced instruction set computing (RISC) instruction sets for microprocessors developed and manufactured by such companies as IBM, Freescale/NXP, AppliedMicro, LSI, Teledyne e2v and Synopsys.
The POWER3 is a microprocessor, designed and exclusively manufactured by IBM, that implemented the 64-bit version of the PowerPC instruction set architecture (ISA), including all of the optional instructions of the ISA (at the time) such as instructions present in the POWER2 version of the POWER ISA but not in the PowerPC ISA.
The POWER4 is a microprocessor developed by International Business Machines (IBM) that implemented the 64-bit PowerPC and PowerPC AS instruction set architectures.
The POWER5 is a microprocessor developed and fabricated by IBM.
The POWER6 is a microprocessor developed by IBM that implemented the Power ISA v.2.03.
POWER7 is a family of superscalar symmetric multiprocessors based on the Power Architecture released in 2010 that succeeded the POWER6.
POWER8 is a family of superscalar symmetric multiprocessors based on the Power Architecture, announced in August 2013 at the Hot Chips conference.
POWER9 is a family of superscalar, Multithreading, symmetric multiprocessors based on the Power Architecture announced in August 2016 at the Hot Chips conference.
The PowerPC 970, PowerPC 970FX, PowerPC 970GX, and PowerPC 970MP, are 64-bit Power Architecture processors from IBM introduced in 2002.
In computing, a process is an instance of a computer program that is being executed.
In computing, a processor or processing unit is an electronic circuit which performs operations on some external data source, usually memory or some other data stream.
In computer architecture, a processor register is a quickly accessible location available to a computer's central processing unit (CPU).
Quantum Effect Devices (QED) was a microprocessor design company incorporated in 1991 as Quantum Effect Design.
The R10000, code-named "T5", is a RISC microprocessor implementation of the MIPS IV instruction set architecture (ISA) developed by MIPS Technologies, Inc. (MTI), then a division of Silicon Graphics, Inc. (SGI).
The R4000 is a microprocessor developed by MIPS Computer Systems that implements the MIPS III instruction set architecture (ISA).
The R5000 is a microprocessor that implements the MIPS IV instruction set architecture (ISA) developed by Quantum Effect Design (QED).
The R8000 is a microprocessor chipset developed by MIPS Technologies, Inc. (MTI), Toshiba, and Weitek.
Random-access memory (RAM) is a form of computer data storage that stores data and machine code currently being used.
A reduced instruction set computer, or RISC (pronounced 'risk'), is one whose instruction set architecture (ISA) allows it to have fewer cycles per instruction (CPI) than a complex instruction set computer (CISC).
RISC-V (pronounced "risk-five") is an open instruction set architecture (ISA) based on established reduced instruction set computing (RISC) principles.
Ryzen is a brand of central processing units (CPUs) and accelerated processing units (APUs) marketed and designed by AMD (Advanced Micro Devices).
Sempron has been the marketing name used by AMD for several different budget desktop CPUs, using several different technologies and CPU socket formats.
In computing, a server is a computer program or a device that provides functionality for other programs or devices, called "clients".
The IRIS Crimson, code named Diehard2, is a Silicon Graphics (SGI) computer released in the early 1990s.
In computing, signedness is a property of data types representing numbers in computer programs.
Silicon Graphics, Inc. (later rebranded SGI, historically known as Silicon Graphics Computer Systems or SGCS) was an American high-performance computing manufacturer, producing computer hardware and software.
Single instruction, multiple data (SIMD) is a class of parallel computers in Flynn's taxonomy.
A smartphone is a handheld personal computer with a mobile operating system and an integrated mobile broadband cellular network connection for voice, SMS, and Internet data communication; most, if not all, smartphones also support Wi-Fi.
Computer software, or simply software, is a generic term that refers to a collection of data or computer instructions that tell the computer how to work, in contrast to the physical hardware from which the system is built, that actually performs the work.
Solaris is a Unix operating system originally developed by Sun Microsystems.
SPARC, for Scalable Processor Architecture, is a reduced instruction set computing (RISC) instruction set architecture (ISA) originally developed by Sun Microsystems.
Sun Microsystems, Inc. was an American company that sold computers, computer components, software, and information technology services and created the Java programming language, the Solaris operating system, ZFS, the Network File System (NFS), and SPARC.
A supercomputer is a computer with a high level of performance compared to a general-purpose computer.
A superminicomputer, or supermini, was “a minicomputer with high performance compared to ordinary minicomputers.” The term was an invention used from the mid-1970s mainly to distinguish the emerging 32-bit minis from the classical 16-bit minicomputers.
The NEC SX-Aurora TSUBASA Vector Engine (VE) is a vector processor of the NEC SX architecture family and features very high memory bandwidth (0.75 - 1.2 TB/s), eight cores and six HBM2 memory modules on a Silicon interposer implemented in the form-factor of a PCIe card.
A system on a chip or system on chip (SoC) is an integrated circuit (also known as an "IC" or "chip") that integrates all components of a computer or other electronic systems.
A tablet computer, commonly shortened to tablet, is a portable personal computer, typically with a mobile operating system and LCD touchscreen display processing circuitry, and a rechargeable battery in a single thin, flat package.
The tebibyte is a multiple of the unit byte for digital information.
In software, a toolchain is a set of programming tools that are used to perform a complex software development task or to create a software product, which is typically another computer program or a set of related programs.
Two's complement is a mathematical operation on binary numbers, best known for its role in computing as a method of signed number representation.
The UltraSPARC is a microprocessor developed by Sun Microsystems and fabricated by Texas Instruments, introduced in mid-1995.
UNICOS is the name of a range of Unix-like operating system variants developed by Cray for its supercomputers.
Unix (trademarked as UNIX) is a family of multitasking, multiuser computer operating systems that derive from the original AT&T Unix, development starting in the 1970s at the Bell Labs research center by Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, and others.
A Unix-like (sometimes referred to as UN*X or *nix) operating system is one that behaves in a manner similar to a Unix system, while not necessarily conforming to or being certified to any version of the Single UNIX Specification.
VAX is a discontinued instruction set architecture (ISA) developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) in the mid-1970s.
The VIA Nano (formerly code-named VIA Isaiah) is a 64-bit CPU for personal computers.
VIA Technologies Inc., is a Taiwanese manufacturer of integrated circuits, mainly motherboard chipsets, CPUs, and memory.
A video game console is an electronic, digital or computer device that outputs a video signal or visual image to display a video game that one or more people can play.
In computing, a virtual machine (VM) is an emulation of a computer system.
In computing, virtual memory (also virtual storage) is a memory management technique that provides an "idealized abstraction of the storage resources that are actually available on a given machine" which "creates the illusion to users of a very large (main) memory." The computer's operating system, using a combination of hardware and software, maps memory addresses used by a program, called virtual addresses, into physical addresses in computer memory.
Windows 7 (codenamed Vienna, formerly Blackcomb) is a personal computer operating system developed by Microsoft.
Windows Server 2003 is a server operating system produced by Microsoft and released on April 24, 2003.
Windows Server 2008 R2 is a server operating system produced by Microsoft.
Windows Vista (codenamed Longhorn) is an operating system by Microsoft for use on personal computers, including home and business desktops, laptops, tablet PCs and media center PCs.
Windows XP has been released in several editions since its original release in 2001.
Microsoft Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, released on April 25, 2005, is an edition of Windows XP for x86-64 personal computers.
In computing, a word is the natural unit of data used by a particular processor design.
A workstation is a special computer designed for technical or scientific applications.
In computing on Microsoft platforms, WoW64 (Windows 32-bit on Windows 64-bit) is a subsystem of the Windows operating system capable of running 32-bit applications that is included in all 64-bit versions of Windows—including Windows XP Professional x64 Edition, IA-64 and x64 versions of Windows Server 2003, as well as 64-bit versions of Windows Vista, Windows Server 2008, Windows 7, Windows 8, Windows Server 2012, Windows 8.1 and Windows 10.
x86 is a family of backward-compatible instruction set architectures based on the Intel 8086 CPU and its Intel 8088 variant.
x86-64 (also known as x64, x86_64, AMD64 and Intel 64) is the 64-bit version of the x86 instruction set.
x87 is a floating point-related subset of the x86 architecture instruction set.
Xeon is a brand of x86 microprocessors designed, manufactured, and marketed by Intel, targeted at the non-consumer workstation, server, and embedded system markets.
Xeon Phi is a series of x86 manycore processors designed and made entirely by Intel.
z/Architecture, initially and briefly called ESA Modal Extensions (ESAME), is IBM's 64-bit instruction set architecture implemented by its mainframe computers.
z/OS is a 64-bit operating system for IBM mainframes, produced by IBM.
In computing, the term 3 GB barrier refers to a limitation of some 32-bit operating systems running on x86 microprocessors.
32-bit microcomputers are computers in which 32-bit microprocessors are the norm.
64 bit, 64 bits, 64-Bit, 64-Bit Processor, 64-bit, 64-bit CPU, 64-bit OS, 64-bit application, 64-bit architecture, 64-bit computers, 64-bit operating system, 64-bit processor, 64-bit support, 64bit, ILP64, LLP64, LP64, Native x86-64 Windows software, SILP64.