130 relations: Adrian Gore (British Army officer), Afrika Korps, Albert Kesselring, Allies of World War II, Anno Domini, Apennine Mountains, Armoured warfare, Aurunci Mountains, Axis powers, Ayrshire (Earl of Carrick's Own) Yeomanry, Battle of France, Battle of Kasserine Pass, Battle of Sidi Bou Zid, Benedict of Nursia, Bizerte, Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress, Brian Horrocks, Brigade group, Brigadier (United Kingdom), British Armoured formations of World War II, British Army, British Army during the Second World War, British Army of the Rhine, Cassino, Charles Gairdner, Charles Keightley, Coldstream Guards, Colonel (United States), Crusader tank, Denis O'Connor (British Army officer), Derbyshire Yeomanry, Division (military), Eighth Army (United Kingdom), Erwin Rommel, Evelyn Fanshawe, Fallschirmjäger, Ficarolo, First Army (United Kingdom), Francis Mitchell (British Army officer), French North Africa, Generalfeldmarschall, George Erroll Prior-Palmer, Gerald Templer, Gothic Line, Grenadier Guards, Heinrich von Vietinghoff, Herbert Lumsden, Honourable Artillery Company, Horatius Murray, II Corps (United States), ..., Italian Campaign (World War II), IV Corps (United States), IX Corps (United Kingdom), John Crocker, King's Royal Rifle Corps, Lieutenant general (United States), List of British divisions in World War II, Lloyd Fredendall, London Irish Rifles, Lothians and Border Horse, M4 Sherman, Major general (United States), Major-general (United Kingdom), Mareth Line, Mark W. Clark, Martin B-26 Marauder, Matilda II, Medenine, Monte Cassino, North African Campaign, North American B-25 Mitchell, Northamptonshire Yeomanry, Northern Command (United Kingdom), Operation Torch, Padua, Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders, Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment, Richard Hull, Rifle Brigade (The Prince Consort's Own), Roderick McLeod, Royal Artillery, Royal Corps of Signals, Royal Engineers, Royal Gloucestershire Hussars, Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, Royal Irish Fusiliers, Royal Sussex Regiment, Royal Tank Regiment, San Benedetto Po, Sbeitla, Sidney Kirkman, The Rangers (British regiment), Tunis, Tunisia, Tunisian Campaign, United States Army North, V Corps (United Kingdom), Valentine tank, Verona, Vichy France, Vyvyan Evelegh, Welch Regiment, Welsh Guards, Who's Who (UK), World War II, X Corps (United Kingdom), XIII Corps (United Kingdom), 10th Mountain Division, 11th Infantry Brigade and Headquarters South East, 131st Armoured Division Centauro, 16th/5th The Queen's Royal Lancers, 17th/21st Lancers, 1st Armored Division (United States), 1st Armoured Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 1st Devonshire Artillery Volunteers, 20th Armoured Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 21st Indian Infantry Brigade, 21st Panzer Division (Wehrmacht), 22nd Guards Brigade, 24th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 26th Armoured Brigade (United Kingdom), 36th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 38th (Irish) Brigade, 46th Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 4th Queen's Own Hussars, 56th (London) Infantry Division, 61st Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 6th Support Group (United Kingdom), 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 90th Light Infantry Division (Wehrmacht). Expand index (80 more) » « Shrink index
Brigadier Adrian Clements Gore DSO (14 May 1900 − 7 June 1990 in Horton Priory, Kent) was a British Army officer who served with distinction in World War II.
The Afrika Korps or German Africa Corps (Deutsches Afrikakorps, DAK) was the German expeditionary force in Africa during the North African Campaign of World War II.
Albert Kesselring (30 November 1885 – 16 July 1960) was a German Luftwaffe Generalfeldmarschall during World War II.
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
The terms anno Domini (AD) and before Christ (BC) are used to label or number years in the Julian and Gregorian calendars.
The Apennines or Apennine Mountains (Ἀπέννινα ὄρη; Appenninus or Apenninus Mons—a singular used in the plural;Apenninus has the form of an adjective, which would be segmented Apenn-inus, often used with nouns such as mons (mountain) or Greek ὄρος oros, but just as often used alone as a noun. The ancient Greeks and Romans typically but not always used "mountain" in the singular to mean one or a range; thus, "the Apennine mountain" refers to the entire chain and is translated "the Apennine mountains". The ending can vary also by gender depending on the noun modified. The Italian singular refers to one of the constituent chains rather than to a single mountain and the Italian plural refers to multiple chains rather than to multiple mountains. Appennini) are a mountain range consisting of parallel smaller chains extending along the length of peninsular Italy.
Armoured warfare, mechanised warfare or tank warfare is the use of armoured fighting vehicles in modern warfare.
The Monti Aurunci or Aurunci Mountains is a mountain range of southern Lazio, in central Italy.
The Axis powers (Achsenmächte; Potenze dell'Asse; 枢軸国 Sūjikukoku), also known as the Axis and the Rome–Berlin–Tokyo Axis, were the nations that fought in World War II against the Allied forces.
The Ayrshire (Earl of Carrick's Own) Yeomanry was a Regiment of the British Yeomanry and is now an armoured Squadron of the Scottish and North Irish Yeomanry (SNIY), part of the British Army Reserve.
The Battle of France, also known as the Fall of France, was the German invasion of France and the Low Countries during the Second World War.
The Battle of Kasserine Pass was a battle of the Tunisia Campaign of World War II that took place in February 1943.
The Battle of Sidi Bou Zid (Unternehmen Frühlingswind/Operation Spring Breeze) took place during the Tunisia Campaign from 14–17 February 1943, in World War II. The battle was fought around Sidi Bou Zid, where a large number of American units were mauled by German and Italian forces. It resulted in the Axis recapturing the strategically important town of Sbeitla in central Tunisia. The success at Sidi Bou Zid was reversed by April by counter-attacks by British and American forces. The battle was planned by the Germans to be a two-part offensive-defensive operation against US positions in western Tunisia. Generaloberst Hans-Jürgen von Arnim commanded several experienced combat units, including the 10th Panzer Division and the 21st Panzer Division of the 5th Panzer Army, which were to sweep north and west towards the Kasserine Pass, while another battle group attacked Sidi Bou Zid from the south. Facing the attack was the II US Corps (Major General Lloyd Fredendall). In a few days, the Axis attack forced the II US Corps to take up new defensive positions outside Sbiba. Axis troops were then given time to consolidate their new front line west of Sbeitla. The success of the offensive led the German High Command to conclude that despite being well equipped, American forces were no match for experienced Axis combat troops.
Benedict of Nursia (Benedictus Nursiae; Benedetto da Norcia; Vulgar Latin: *Benedecto; Benedikt; 2 March 480 – 543 or 547 AD) is a Christian saint, who is venerated in the Catholic Church, the Eastern Orthodox Churches, the Oriental Orthodox Churches, the Anglican Communion and Old Catholic Churches.
Bizerte (بنزرت); historically: Phoenician: Hippo Acra, Hippo Diarrhytus and Hippo Zarytus), also known in English as Bizerta, is a town of Bizerte Governorate in Tunisia. It is the northernmost city in Africa, located 65 km (40mil) north of the capital Tunis. The city had 142,966 inhabitants in 2014.
The Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress is a four-engine heavy bomber developed in the 1930s for the United States Army Air Corps (USAAC).
Lieutenant-General Sir Brian Gwynne Horrocks, (7 September 1895 – 4 January 1985) was a British Army officer, chiefly remembered as the commander of XXX Corps in Operation Market Garden and other operations during the Second World War.
A brigade group is a term used primarily in armies of the Commonwealth of Nations for an ad hoc arrangement of forces and not a permanent organisation whereas, with a capital G, a Brigade Group is.
Brigadier (Brig) is a senior rank in the British Army and the Royal Marines.
The British Armoured formations of World War II refers to the Armoured Divisions and Independent Armoured and Tank Brigades deployed by the British Army during the Second World War.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
The British Army was, in 1939, a volunteer army, that introduced limited conscription in early 1939, and full conscription shortly after the declaration of war with Germany.
There have been two formations named British Army of the Rhine (BAOR).
Cassino is a comune in the province of Frosinone, central Italy, at the southern end of the region of Lazio, the last City of the Latin Valley.
Sir Charles Henry Gairdner, (20 March 1898 – 22 February 1983) was a senior British Army officer who later occupied two viceregal positions in Australia.
General Sir Charles Frederic Keightley, (24 June 1901 – 17 June 1974) was a British Army officer during and following the Second World War.
The Coldstream Guards (COLDM GDS) is a part of the Guards Division, Foot Guards regiments of the British Army.
In the United States Army, Marine Corps, and Air Force, colonel is the most senior field grade military officer rank, immediately above the rank of lieutenant colonel and immediately below the rank of brigadier general.
The Tank, Cruiser, Mk VI or A15 Crusader was one of the primary British cruiser tanks during the early part of the Second World War.
Lieutenant General Sir Denis Stuart Scott (Rory) O'Connor KBE CB (1907–1988) was General Officer Commanding Aldershot District.
The Derbyshire Yeomanry was a yeomanry regiment of the British Army, first raised in 1794, which served as a cavalry regiment and dismounted infantry regiment in the First World War and provided two reconnaissance regiments in the Second World War, before being amalgamated with the Leicestershire Yeomanry to form the Leicestershire and Derbyshire (Prince Albert's Own) Yeomanry in 1957.
A division is a large military unit or formation, usually consisting of between 10,000 and 20,000 soldiers.
The Eighth Army was a field army formation of the British Army during the Second World War, fighting in the North African and Italian campaigns.
Erwin Rommel (15 November 1891 – 14 October 1944) was a German general and military theorist.
Sir Evelyn Dalrymple Fanshawe CB, CBE (1895–1979) was a British Major General and the Director of the International Refugee Organisation in the British Zone of Germany from 1948-1952.
Fallschirmjäger is the German word for paratroopers.
Ficarolo is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Rovigo in the Italian region Veneto, located about southwest of Venice and about southwest of Rovigo.
The First Army was a formation of the British Army that existed during the First and Second World Wars.
Major-General Francis Neville Mitchell CB CBE DSO (1904–1954) was a British Army officer who commanded 6th Armoured Division.
French North Africa was a collection of territories in North Africa controlled by France, centering on French Algeria.
Generalfeldmarschall (general field marshal, field marshal general, or field marshal;; abbreviated to Feldmarschall) was a rank in the armies of several German states and the Holy Roman Empire; in the Habsburg Monarchy, the Austrian Empire and Austria-Hungary, the rank Feldmarschall was used.
Major-General George Erroll Prior-Palmer, (20 February 1903 – 18 August 1977) was a senior British Army officer and business man of Anglo-Irish origins.
Field Marshal Tun Sir Gerald Walter Robert Templer,, SMN (11 September 1898 – 25 October 1979) was a senior British Army officer who fought in both the world wars.
The Gothic Line (Gotenstellung; Linea Gotica) was a German defensive line of the Italian Campaign of World War II.
The Grenadier Guards (GREN GDS) is an infantry regiment of the British Army.
Heinrich von Vietinghoff (6 December 1887 – 23 February 1952) was a German general (Generaloberst) of the Wehrmacht during World War II.
Lieutenant-General Herbert William Lumsden, & Bar, MC (8 April 1897 – 6 January 1945) was a senior British Army officer who fought in both World War I and World War II.
The Honourable Artillery Company (HAC) was incorporated by Royal Charter in 1537 by King Henry VIII and is considered one of the oldest military organisations in the world.
General Sir Horatius Murray (1903–1989) was a senior British Army officer who served with distinction during World War II and later in the Korean War.
The II Corps was a corps-sized formation of the United States Army that was active in both World War I and World War II.
The Italian Campaign of World War II consisted of the Allied operations in and around Italy, from 1943 to the end of the war in Europe.
IV Corps was a corps-sized formation of the United States Army that saw service in both World War I and World War II.
IX Corps was a corps-sized formation of the British Army that existed during World War I and World War II.
General Sir John Tredinnick Crocker, (4 January 1896 – 9 March 1963) was a senior British Army officer who fought in both world wars.
The King's Royal Rifle Corps was an infantry rifle regiment of the British Army that was originally raised in British North America as the Royal American Regiment (also known as the Royal Americans) in the Seven Years' War and for Loyalist service in the American Revolutionary War.
In the United States Army, United States Marine Corps, and the United States Air Force, lieutenant general (abbreviated LTG in the Army, Lt Gen in the Air Force, and LtGen in the Marine Corps) is a three-star general officer rank, with the pay grade of O-9.
This page is a list of British Army divisions that existed in World War II.
Lieutenant General Lloyd Ralston Fredendall (December 28, 1883 – October 4, 1963) was a senior officer of the United States Army who fought during World War II.
The London Irish Rifles (LIR) was a volunteer rifle regiment of the British Army with a distinguished history, and now forms 'D' (London Irish Rifles) Company of the London Regiment and is part of the Army Reserve.
The Lothians and Border Horse was a Yeomanry regiment, part of the British Territorial Army.
The M4 Sherman, officially Medium Tank, M4, was the most widely used medium tank by the United States and Western Allies in World War II.
In the United States Army, United States Marine Corps, and United States Air Force, major general is a two-star general-officer rank, with the pay grade of O-8.
Major general (Maj Gen), is a "two-star" rank in the British Army and Royal Marines.
The Mareth Line was a system of fortifications built by France in southern Tunisia, prior to World War II.
Mark Wayne Clark (May 1, 1896 – April 17, 1984) was a United States Army officer who saw service during World War I, World War II, and the Korean War.
The Martin B-26 Marauder was an American World War II twin-engined medium bomber built by the Glenn L. Martin Company in Middle River, Maryland (just east of Baltimore) from 1941 to 1945.
The Infantry Tank Mark II, best known as the Matilda, was a British infantry tank of the Second World War.
Medenine (مدنين) is the major town in south-eastern Tunisia, south of the port of Gabès and the Island of Djerba, on the main route to Libya.
Monte Cassino (sometimes written Montecassino) is a rocky hill about southeast of Rome, in the Latin Valley, Italy, to the west of the town of Cassino and altitude.
The North African Campaign of the Second World War took place in North Africa from 10 June 1940 to 13 May 1943.
The North American B-25 Mitchell is an American twin-engine, medium bomber manufactured by North American Aviation (NAA).
The Northamptonshire Yeomanry was a Yeomanry regiment of the British Army, formed in 1794 as volunteer cavalry.
Northern Command was a Home Command of the British Army from 1793-1889 and 1905-1972.
Operation Torch (8–16 November 1942, formerly Operation Gymnast) was a Anglo–American invasion of French North Africa, during the North African Campaign of the Second World War.
Padua (Padova; Pàdova) is a city and comune in Veneto, northern Italy.
The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders or 79th (The Queen's Own Cameron Highlanders) Regiment of Foot was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, raised in 1793.
The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army based in the county of Kent in existence from 1881 to 1961.
Field Marshal Sir Richard Amyatt Hull, (7 May 1907 – 17 September 1989) was a senior British Army officer.
The Rifle Brigade (The Prince Consort's Own) was an infantry rifle regiment of the British Army formed in January 1800 as the "Experimental Corps of Riflemen" to provide sharpshooters, scouts, and skirmishers.
Lieutenant General Sir Roderick William McLeod (15 January 1905 – 6 December 1980) was a British Army officer who achieved high office in the 1950s.
The Royal Regiment of Artillery, commonly referred to as the Royal Artillery (RA) and colloquially known as "The Gunners", is the artillery arm of the British Army.
The Royal Corps of Signals (often simply known as the Royal Signals - abbreviated to R SIGNALS) is one of the combat support arms of the British Army.
The Corps of Royal Engineers, usually just called the Royal Engineers (RE), and commonly known as the Sappers, is one of the corps of the British Army.
The Royal Gloucestershire Hussars was a volunteer yeomanry regiment which, in the 20th century, became part of the British Army Reserve.
The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers was an Irish line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 until 1968.
The Royal Irish Fusiliers (Princess Victoria's) was an Irish line infantry regiment of the British Army, formed by the amalgamation of the 87th (Prince of Wales's Irish) Regiment of Foot and the 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot in 1881.
The Royal Sussex Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that was in existence from 1881 to 1966.
The Royal Tank Regiment (RTR) is the oldest tank unit in the world, being formed by the British Army in 1916 during the Great War.
San Benedetto Po is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Mantua in the Italian region Lombardy, located about southeast of Milan and about southeast of Mantua.
Sbeitla or Sufetula (Sbitla or Seftula, سبيطلة) is a city in north-central Tunisia.
General Sir Sidney Chevalier Kirkman, (29 July 1895 – 29 October 1982) was a British Army officer, who served in both the First World War and Second World War.
The Rangers was a volunteer unit of the British Army, originally formed in 1860.
Tunis (تونس) is the capital and the largest city of Tunisia.
Tunisia (تونس; Berber: Tunes, ⵜⵓⵏⴻⵙ; Tunisie), officially the Republic of Tunisia, (الجمهورية التونسية) is a sovereign state in Northwest Africa, covering. Its northernmost point, Cape Angela, is the northernmost point on the African continent. It is bordered by Algeria to the west and southwest, Libya to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east. Tunisia's population was estimated to be just under 11.93 million in 2016. Tunisia's name is derived from its capital city, Tunis, which is located on its northeast coast. Geographically, Tunisia contains the eastern end of the Atlas Mountains, and the northern reaches of the Sahara desert. Much of the rest of the country's land is fertile soil. Its of coastline include the African conjunction of the western and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Basin and, by means of the Sicilian Strait and Sardinian Channel, feature the African mainland's second and third nearest points to Europe after Gibraltar. Tunisia is a unitary semi-presidential representative democratic republic. It is considered to be the only full democracy in the Arab World. It has a high human development index. It has an association agreement with the European Union; is a member of La Francophonie, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Arab Maghreb Union, the Arab League, the OIC, the Greater Arab Free Trade Area, the Community of Sahel-Saharan States, the African Union, the Non-Aligned Movement, the Group of 77; and has obtained the status of major non-NATO ally of the United States. In addition, Tunisia is also a member state of the United Nations and a state party to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. Close relations with Europe in particular with France and with Italy have been forged through economic cooperation, privatisation and industrial modernization. In ancient times, Tunisia was primarily inhabited by Berbers. Phoenician immigration began in the 12th century BC; these immigrants founded Carthage. A major mercantile power and a military rival of the Roman Republic, Carthage was defeated by the Romans in 146 BC. The Romans, who would occupy Tunisia for most of the next eight hundred years, introduced Christianity and left architectural legacies like the El Djem amphitheater. After several attempts starting in 647, the Muslims conquered the whole of Tunisia by 697, followed by the Ottoman Empire between 1534 and 1574. The Ottomans held sway for over three hundred years. The French colonization of Tunisia occurred in 1881. Tunisia gained independence with Habib Bourguiba and declared the Tunisian Republic in 1957. In 2011, the Tunisian Revolution resulted in the overthrow of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, followed by parliamentary elections. The country voted for parliament again on 26 October 2014, and for President on 23 November 2014.
The Tunisian Campaign (also known as the Battle of Tunisia) was a series of battles that took place in Tunisia during the North African Campaign of the Second World War, between Axis and Allied forces.
The United States Army North is a formation of the United States Army Service Component Command of United States Northern Command.
V Corps was a corps-sized formation of the British Army that saw service in both World War I and World War II.
The Tank, Infantry, Mk III, Valentine was an infantry tank produced in the United Kingdom during the Second World War.
Verona (Venetian: Verona or Veròna) is a city on the Adige river in Veneto, Italy, with approximately 257,000 inhabitants and one of the seven provincial capitals of the region.
Vichy France (Régime de Vichy) is the common name of the French State (État français) headed by Marshal Philippe Pétain during World War II.
Major General Vyvyan Evelegh, (14 December 1898 – 27 August 1958) was a senior officer of the British Army during the Second World War, commanding the 78th Infantry Division (otherwise known as the Battleaxe Division) and the 6th Armoured Division in Tunisia and Italy.
The Welch Regiment (or "The Welch", an archaic spelling of "Welsh") was an infantry regiment of the line of the British Army in existence from 1881 until 1969.
The Welsh Guards (WG; Gwarchodlu Cymreig), part of the Guards Division, is one of the Foot Guards regiments of the British Army.
Who's Who is a leading source of biographical data on more than 33,000 influential people from around the world.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
X Corps was a corps of the British Army that served in the First World War on the Western Front before being disbanded in 1919.
XIII Corps was a corps-sized formation of the British Army that fought on the Western Front during the First World War and was reformed for service during the Second World War, serving in the Mediterranean and Middle East throughout its service.
The 10th Mountain Division (Light Infantry) is a light infantry division in the United States Army based at Fort Drum, New York.
The 11th Infantry Brigade and Headquarters South East is a regular British Army brigade formation that is part of the Army’s 'Adaptable Force' meaning it has operational units under command, as well as regional responsibilities across the South East of England.
The 131st Armoured Division Centauro (in 131ª Divisione Corazzata "Centauro") was an armoured division of the Italian Army during World War II.
The 16th/5th The Queen's Royal Lancers was a cavalry regiment of the British Army.
The 17th/21st Lancers was a cavalry regiment of the British Army.
The 1st Armored Division—nicknamed "Old Ironsides"—is a combined arms division of the United States Army.
The 1st Armoured Infantry Brigade is an infantry brigade of the British Army with a long history including service during both World War I and World War II.
The 1st Devonshire Artillery Volunteers and its successor units served in the British Army's Reserve Forces from 1859 to 1961.
The 20th Armoured Infantry Brigade (The Iron Fist) is an armoured infantry brigade formation of the British Army, currently based at Antwerp Barracks, part of Westfalen Garrison, northern Germany, as part of the 3rd (United Kingdom) Division.
The 21st Indian Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade formation of the Indian Army during World War II.
The 21st Panzer Division was a German armoured division best known for its role in the battles of the North African Campaign from 1941–1943 during World War II when it was one of the two armoured divisions making up the Deutsches Afrikakorps (DAK).
The 22nd Guards Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw distinguished active service during World War II.
The 24th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade formation of the British Army from the First World War, serving through the Second World War, until 1999 when it was merged with the 5th Airborne Brigade to form 16 Air Assault Brigade.
The 26th Armoured Brigade was part of the British Army during the Second World War.
The 36th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade formation of British Army that fought in World War I, as part of 12th (Eastern) Division, on the Western Front.
The 38 (Irish) Brigade, is an infantry brigade formation of the British Army that served in World War II.
The 46th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army raised in 1939 that saw distinguished service during World War II, fighting in the Battle of France and the Battle of Dunkirk where it was evacuated and later in North Africa, Italy and Greece.
The 4th Queen's Own Hussars was a cavalry regiment in the British Army, first raised in 1685.
The 56th (London) Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army, which served under several different titles and designations.
The 61st Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army raised for active service in both World War I and World War II.
This was a brigade sized formation of the British Army attached to the 6th Armoured Division.
The 78th Infantry Division, also known as the Battleaxe Division, was an infantry division of the British Army, raised during World War II that fought, with great distinction, in Tunisia, Sicily and Italy from late 1942–1945.
The 90th Light Infantry Division was a light infantry division of the German Army during World War II that served in North Africa as well as Sardinia and Italy.