78 relations: Agalatovo, Alakurtti (rural locality), Alpini, Apatity, Barvenkovo–Lozovaya Offensive, Battle of Uman, Dnieper, Dnieper–Carpathian Offensive, Dnipro, Eighth Army (Italy), Field army, Fortified district, Ivan Konev, Kirovsk-Apatity Airport, Leningrad Military District, Lower Silesian Offensive, Murmansk, Murmansk Oblast, Nikopol–Krivoi Rog Offensive, NKVD, Operation Barbarossa, Order of the Red Banner, Orel Military District, Pechenga (urban-type settlement), Murmansk Oblast, Petrozavodsk, Pinozero, Rava-Ruska, Red Army, Reserve Army (Soviet Union), Reserve of the Supreme High Command, Rifle corps (Soviet Union), Russia, Russian Ground Forces, Sandomierz, Second Battle of Kharkov, Siege of Breslau, Sortavala, Southern Front (Soviet Union), Southwestern Front (Soviet Union), Soviet Army, Soviet invasion of Poland, Soviet Union, Valentin Varennikov, Voronezh Front, Voronezh Military District, Western Military District, World War II, 12th Army (Soviet Union), 138th Guards Motor Rifle Brigade, 139th Rifle Division (Soviet Union), ..., 13th Army (Soviet Union), 169th Rifle Division (Soviet Union), 17th Tank Brigade (Ukraine), 181st Rifle Division, 22nd Rifle Corps, 243rd Rifle Division (Soviet Union), 25th Guards Rifle Division, 263rd Rifle Division, 267th Rifle Division, 273rd Rifle Division, 275th Rifle Division, 2nd Air Army, 309th Rifle Division (Soviet Union), 30th Guards Army Corps, 341st Rifle Division (Soviet Union), 35th Guards Rifle Division, 36th Guards Motor Rifle Brigade, 3rd Guards Army (Soviet Union), 3rd Ukrainian Front, 45th Rifle Division (Soviet Union), 4th Mechanized Corps (Soviet Union), 57th Army (Soviet Union), 5th Cavalry Corps (Soviet Union), 67th Rifle Division, 6th Rifle Corps, 6th Rocket Brigade, 80th Rifle Division (Soviet Union), 99th Rifle Division (Soviet Union). Expand index (28 more) » « Shrink index
Agalatovo (Russian: Агала́тово; Finnish: Ohalatva) is a rural locality (a selo) in Vsevolozhsk District of Leningrad Oblast, Russia.
Alakurtti (Алакуртти) is a rural locality (a selo) in Kandalakshsky District of Murmansk Oblast, Russia, located north of the Arctic Circle at an altitude of above sea level.
The Alpini (Italian for "alpines"), are an elite mountain warfare military corps of the Italian Army.
Apatity (p, lit. apatites) is a town in Murmansk Oblast, Russia, located along the Murman Railway between Lake Imandra and the Khibiny Mountains, west of Kirovsk and south of Murmansk, the administrative center of the oblast.
The Barvenkovo–Lozovaya Offensive was a Red Army operation on the Eastern Front in the European Theatre of World War II; it took place between 18 and 31 January 1942.
The Battle of Uman (15 July – 8 August 1941) was the German and allied encirclement of the 6th and 12th Soviet Armies—under the command of Lieutenant General I. N. Muzyrchenko and Major General P. G. Ponedelin, respectively—south of the city of Uman during the initial offensive operations of German Army Group South, commanded by ''Generalfeldmarshall'' Gerd von Rundstedt, as part of Operation Barbarossa on the Eastern Front during World War II.
The Dnieper River, known in Russian as: Dnepr, and in Ukrainian as Dnipro is one of the major rivers of Europe, rising near Smolensk, Russia and flowing through Russia, Belarus and Ukraine to the Black Sea.
The Dnieper–Carpathian Offensive, also known in Soviet historical sources as the liberation of right-bank Ukraine, fought from 24 December 1943 – 17 April 1944, was a strategic offensive executed by the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th Ukrainian Fronts, along with the 1st Belorussian Front, against the German Army Group South, intended to retake all of the Ukrainian and Moldovian territories occupied by Axis forces.
Dnipro (Дніпро), until May 2016 Dnipropetrovsk (Дніпропетро́вськ) also known as Dnepropetrovsk (Днепропетро́вск), is Ukraine's fourth largest city, with about one million inhabitants.
The Italian Eighth Army was an Italian Army which fought in World War I and on the Eastern Front during World War II.
A field army (or numbered army or simply army) is a military formation in many armed forces, composed of two or more corps and may be subordinate to an army group.
A fortified district or fortified region (Укреплённый район, Укрепрайон, ukreplyonny raion, ukrepraion) in the military terminology of the Soviet Union, is a territory within which a complex system of defense fortifications was engineered.
Ivan Stepanovich Konev (Ива́н Степа́нович Ко́нев; – 21 May 1973) was a Soviet military commander who led Red Army forces on the Eastern Front during World War II, retook much of Eastern Europe from occupation by the Axis Powers, and helped in the capture of Germany's capital, Berlin.
Kirovsk-Apatity Airport (Аэропорт Кировск/Апатиты), also known as Khibiny Airport (Аэропорт Хибины) is an airport in Apatity, Murmansk Oblast, Russia.
The Leningrad Military District was a military district of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation.
The Lower Silesian Offensive (Нижне-Силезская наступательная операция) was a Soviet offensive on the Eastern Front of World War II in 1945, involving forces of the 1st Ukrainian Front under Marshal Ivan Konev.
Murmansk (p; Мурман ланнҍ; Murmánska; Muurman) is a port city and the administrative center of Murmansk Oblast in the far northwest part of Russia.
Murmansk Oblast (r) is a federal subject (an oblast) of Russia, located in the northwestern part of the country.
The Nikopol-Krivoi Rog Offensive was an offensive by the Red Army's 3rd Ukrainian Front and elements of the 4th Ukrainian Front against the German 6th Army in the area of Nikopol and Krivoi Rog in Dnipropetrovsk Oblast in central Ukraine between 30 January and 29 February 1944.
The People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs (Народный комиссариат внутренних дел, Narodnyy Komissariat Vnutrennikh Del), abbreviated NKVD (НКВД), was the interior ministry of the Soviet Union.
Operation Barbarossa (German: Unternehmen Barbarossa) was the code name for the Axis invasion of the Soviet Union, which started on Sunday, 22 June 1941, during World War II.
The Order of the Red Banner (transl) was the first Soviet military decoration.
The Orel Military District (p) was a military district of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic and the Soviet Union.
Pechenga (Пече́нга; Finnish and Petsamo; Petsjenga; Beahcán; Peäccam) is an urban locality (an urban-type settlement) in Pechengsky District, Murmansk Oblast, Russia.
Petrozavodsk (p; Karelian, Vepsian & Petroskoi; Finland Swedish: Petroskoj) is the capital city of the Republic of Karelia, Russia, which stretches along the western shore of Lake Onega for some.
Pinozero (Пинозеро) is a rural locality (a railway station) in Kandalakshsky District of Murmansk Oblast, Russia, located beyond the Arctic Circle at a height of above sea level.
Rava-Ruska (translit. Rava-Rus'ka;;, Rave) is a city in Zhovkva Raion, Lviv Oblast of western Ukraine.
The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army (Рабоче-крестьянская Красная армия (РККА), Raboche-krest'yanskaya Krasnaya armiya (RKKA), frequently shortened in Russian to Красная aрмия (КА), Krasnaya armiya (KA), in English: Red Army, also in critical literature and folklore of that epoch – Red Horde, Army of Work) was the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, and, after 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
The Reserve Armies were a group of armies formed by the Soviet Union's Red Army during World War II.
The Reserve of the Supreme High Command (Russian: Резерв Верховного Главнокомандования) (also known as Stavka Reserve or RVGK) comprised formations and units which acted as the principal military reserve of the Soviet Red Army during World War II and now of the Russian Armed Forces.
A rifle corps (translit) was a Soviet corps-level military formation during the mid-twentieth century.
Russia (rɐˈsʲijə), officially the Russian Federation (p), is a country in Eurasia. At, Russia is the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with over 144 million people as of December 2017, excluding Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital Moscow is one of the largest cities in the world; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland (both with Kaliningrad Oblast), Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. The East Slavs emerged as a recognizable group in Europe between the 3rd and 8th centuries AD. Founded and ruled by a Varangian warrior elite and their descendants, the medieval state of Rus arose in the 9th century. In 988 it adopted Orthodox Christianity from the Byzantine Empire, beginning the synthesis of Byzantine and Slavic cultures that defined Russian culture for the next millennium. Rus' ultimately disintegrated into a number of smaller states; most of the Rus' lands were overrun by the Mongol invasion and became tributaries of the nomadic Golden Horde in the 13th century. The Grand Duchy of Moscow gradually reunified the surrounding Russian principalities, achieved independence from the Golden Horde. By the 18th century, the nation had greatly expanded through conquest, annexation, and exploration to become the Russian Empire, which was the third largest empire in history, stretching from Poland on the west to Alaska on the east. Following the Russian Revolution, the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic became the largest and leading constituent of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the world's first constitutionally socialist state. The Soviet Union played a decisive role in the Allied victory in World War II, and emerged as a recognized superpower and rival to the United States during the Cold War. The Soviet era saw some of the most significant technological achievements of the 20th century, including the world's first human-made satellite and the launching of the first humans in space. By the end of 1990, the Soviet Union had the world's second largest economy, largest standing military in the world and the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, twelve independent republics emerged from the USSR: Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan and the Baltic states regained independence: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania; the Russian SFSR reconstituted itself as the Russian Federation and is recognized as the continuing legal personality and a successor of the Soviet Union. It is governed as a federal semi-presidential republic. The Russian economy ranks as the twelfth largest by nominal GDP and sixth largest by purchasing power parity in 2015. Russia's extensive mineral and energy resources are the largest such reserves in the world, making it one of the leading producers of oil and natural gas globally. The country is one of the five recognized nuclear weapons states and possesses the largest stockpile of weapons of mass destruction. Russia is a great power as well as a regional power and has been characterised as a potential superpower. It is a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council and an active global partner of ASEAN, as well as a member of the G20, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO), the Council of Europe, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE), and the World Trade Organization (WTO), as well as being the leading member of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO) and one of the five members of the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU), along with Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan.
The Ground Forces of the Russian Federation (r) are the land forces of the Russian Armed Forces, formed from parts of the collapsing Soviet Army in 1992.
Sandomierz (pronounced:; Tsoizmer צויזמער) is a town in south-eastern Poland with 25,714 inhabitants (2006), situated in the Świętokrzyskie Voivodeship (since 1999).
The Second Battle of Kharkov or Operation Fredericus was an Axis counter-offensive in the region around Kharkov (now Kharkiv)Kharkov is the Russian language name of the city Kharkiv (Kharkiv the Ukrainian one); both Russian and Ukrainian were official languages in the Soviet Union (Source: & by Routledge) against the Red Army Izium bridgehead offensive conducted 12–28 May 1942, on the Eastern Front during World War II.
The Siege of Breslau, also known as the Battle of Breslau, was a three-month-long siege of the city of Breslau in Lower Silesia, Germany (now Wrocław, Poland), lasting to the end of World War II in Europe.
Sortavala (till 1918 Serdobol; Со́ртавала; Finnish and Sortavala; Sordavala) is a town in the Republic of Karelia, Russia, located at the northern tip of Lake Ladoga.
The Southern Front was a Front – a roughly Army group sized formation – of the Soviet Army during the Second World War.
The Southwestern Front was a name given to a Front (or Army group sized military formation) by the Imperial Russian Army during the First World War, by the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic during the Russian Civil War, and by the Red Army during the Second World War.
The Soviet Army (SA; Советская Армия, Sovetskaya Armiya) is the name given to the main land-based branch of the Soviet Armed Forces between February 1946 and December 1991, when it was replaced with the Russian Ground Forces, although it was not taken fully out of service until 25 December 1993.
The Soviet invasion of Poland was a Soviet Union military operation that started without a formal declaration of war on 17 September 1939.
The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.
Valentin Ivanovich Varennikov (Валентин Иванович Варенников) (December 15, 1923 – May 6, 2009) was a Soviet/Russian Army general and politician, best known for being one of the planners and leaders of the Soviet war in Afghanistan, as well as one of the instigators of the 1991 Soviet coup d'état attempt.
The Voronezh Front (Воронежский Фронт) was a front (a military formation equivalent to army group) of the Soviet Union's Red Army during the Second World War.
The Voronezh Military District was a formation of the Soviet Armed Forces, which existed in 1945–1946 and 1949–1960, respectively.
The Western Military District (Russian: Западный военный округ) is a military district of Russia.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The Soviet Union's 12th Army was a field army formed multiple times during the Russian Civil War and World War II.
The 138th Guards Separate Motor Rifle Brigade (138th MRB) is a formation of the Russian Ground Forces.
The 139th Rifle Division was an infantry division of the Red Army, formed three times during World War II, in 1939 and twice in 1941.
The 13th Army (Russian: 13-я армия 13-ya armiya) was a name given to several field armies of the Soviet Union's Red Army, first created during the Russian Civil War.
The 169th Rifle Division was formed as a standard Red Army rifle division beginning in late August, 1939, as part of the pre-war Soviet military build-up.
The 17th Tank Brigade is a formation of the Ukrainian Ground Forces.
The 181st Rifle Division was a division of the Red Army, active from 1940 to at least 1945.
The 22nd Rifle Corps was a corps of the Red Army, formed twice.
The 243rd Rifle Division was one of a series of 15 divisions formed from cadres of NKVD border troops as standard Red Army rifle divisions, very shortly after the German invasion, in the Moscow Military District.
The 25th Guards Rifle Division 'Chapayevskaya' was a division of the Soviet Red Army.
The 263rd Rifle Division was an infantry division of the Red Army during World War II.
The 267th Rifle Division was an infantry division of the Soviet Union's Red Army during World War II.
The 273rd Rifle Division was an infantry division of the Soviet Union's Red Army during World War II, formed twice.
The 275th Rifle Division was an infantry division of the Soviet Union's Red Army during World War II, formed twice.
The 2nd Air Army (2 VA) was a formation of the Aviation of the Red Army (Soviet Air Force) as part of the Soviet Armed Forces during the Second World War.
The 309th Rifle Division was formed for the first time as a standard Red Army rifle division shortly after the German invasion.
The 30th Guards Leningrad Army Corps (Russian: 30 Гвардейского армейского общевойскового Краснознамённого Ленинградского корпуса) was an army corps of the Soviet Ground Forces.
The 341st Rifle Division was first formed in September 1941, as a standard Red Army rifle division, at Stalingrad.
The 35th Guards Rifle Division was a division of the Soviet Red Army in World War II.
The 36th Guards 'Lozovskaya' Motor Rifle Brigade is a much-decorated unit of the Russian Ground Forces, which traces its' heritage to the creation of the 38th Guards Rifle Division (ru:38-я гвардейская стрелковая дивизия) from the 4th Airborne Corps during World War II.
The 3rd Guards Army was a field army of the Soviet Red Army that fought on the Eastern Front in World War II.
3rd Ukrainian Front (Третій Український фронт) was a Front of the Red Army during World War II.
The 45th Rifle Division was a Red Army infantry division formed originally during the Russian Civil War that fought in World War II and then served through the Cold War in the Leningrad Military District.
The 4th Mechanized Corps was a formation in the Soviet Red Army during the Second World War.
The 57th Army was a field army of the Soviet Union's Red Army that was created in 1941, and then disbanded and created a second time in 1943.
The 5th Cavalry Corps was a corps of the Soviet Red Army.
The 67th Rifle Division was an infantry division of the Red Army.
The 6th Rifle Corps was a rifle corps of the Soviet Union's Red Army and later the Soviet Army, formed three times.
The 6th Rocket Brigade was a Tactical ballistic missile brigade of the Soviet Army.
The 80th Rifle Division (80-я стрелковая дивизия) was a rifle division of the Red Army, formed twice.
The 99th Rifle Division (Russian: 99-я стрелковая дивизия 99-ya strelkovaya diviziya) was an infantry division of the Soviet Union's Red Army which fought in World War II.