212 relations: Adige, AEC Matador, Afrika Korps, Air raid on Bari, Alexandria, Alum Rock, Birmingham, Anthony Farrar-Hockley, Anti-Aircraft Command, Anti-aircraft warfare, Armistice of 11 November 1918, Armistice of Villa Giusti, Army Reserve (United Kingdom), Artres, Asiago, Attack at Fromelles, Écaillon, Bangwaketse, Battle of Bazentin Ridge, Battle of Britain, Battle of Broodseinde, Battle of Cambrai (1917), Battle of Langemarck (1917), Battle of Passchendaele, Battle of Poelcappelle, Battle of Polygon Wood, Battle of Pozières, Battle of the Ancre, Battle of the Ancre Heights, Battle of the Lys (1918), Battle of the Selle, Battle of the Somme, Battle of Valenciennes (1918), Battle of Vittorio Veneto, Benghazi, Birmingham, Birmingham Rifles, Bishop Vesey's Grammar School, Black Sea, Bofors 40 mm gun, Breda Model 35, Bren light machine gun, British Army, British Expeditionary Force (World War I), British Expeditionary Force (World War II), Cadre (military), Canal de la Deûle, Cannon 102/35 Model 1914, Cardwell Reforms, Castle Bromwich, Central Force, ..., Chelmsford, Childers Reforms, Counter-battery fire, Coventry, Crewe, Cyrenaica, Demobilization, Distinguished Service Order, Doullens, Eighth Army (United Kingdom), El Alamein, El Dabaa, Erwin Rommel, Facing colour, Finsbury Rifles, First Army (Home Forces), First day on the Somme, Foncquevillers, Fuze, GL Mk. I radar, GL Mk. III radar, Gommecourt, Pas-de-Calais, Grenade, Haldane Reforms, Halfaya Pass, Harborne, Hébuterne, Hindenburg Line, HMAS Nizam (G38), Hundred Days Offensive, Infantry, Italian Campaign (World War II), Italian Co-belligerent Army, Italian Co-belligerent Navy, Italian Front (World War I), IX Corps (United Kingdom), James Edward Edmonds, Jewish Brigade, Junkers Ju 52, Junkers Ju 86, Junkers Ju 87, Junkers Ju 88, Kings Heath, Kings Norton, Lamotte-Warfusée, Le Havre, Lecce Airfield, Lee–Enfield, Legnago, Lewis gun, Light machine gun, London Electrical Engineers, Luftwaffe, Malta, Marble Arch (Libya), Maresches, Martin Farndale, Maxim gun, Mersa Matruh, Mesen, Messerschmitt Bf 109, Military Cross, Munich Agreement, Naval mine, Newport, Wales, Nile Delta, No man's land, North African Campaign, Northampton, Order of St Michael and St George, Order of the British Empire, Ordnance QF 6-pounder, Ovillers-la-Boisselle, Péronne, Somme, Ploegsteert, Prisoner of war, QF 3-inch 20 cwt, QF 3.7-inch AA gun, RAF El Amiriya, Rhonelle, Rolong tribe, Royal Air Force, Royal Army Ordnance Corps, Royal Army Service Corps, Royal Artillery, Royal Corps of Signals, Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers, Royal Engineers, Royal Navy, Royal Pioneer Corps, Royal Scots, Royal Warwickshire Regiment, Ryton plant, Saint-Quentin, Aisne, Salisbury Plain, Sallum, Second Battle of El Alamein, Second Battle of the Piave River, Serre-lès-Puisieux, Shrapnel shell, Sidi Barrani, Siege of Tobruk, Southend-on-Sea, Spring Offensive, Suez Port, Sutton Coldfield, Taranto, Territorial Decoration, Territorial Force, The Blitz, The National Archives (United Kingdom), Third Army (Home Forces), Thorp Street drill hall, Birmingham, Tobruk, Tobruk Ferry Service, Trentino, Tripoli, Tswana people, Tunisian Campaign, United Kingdom, United States Army Air Forces, Valenciennes, Villers-Bretonneux, Volunteer Force, Volunteer Officers' Decoration, War Office, West Midlands (region), Western Desert Force, Western Front (World War I), Wire obstacle, World War I, World War II, Z Battery, 10th Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery, 11th Infantry Brigade and Headquarters South East, 143rd Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 15th Army Group, 182nd (2nd Warwickshire) Brigade, 1st Anti-Aircraft Brigade (United Kingdom), 1st Devonshire Artillery Volunteers, 1st Wessex Artillery, 2nd (Seaham) Durham Artillery Volunteer Corps, 2nd Anti-Aircraft Brigade (United Kingdom), 2nd Anti-Aircraft Division (United Kingdom), 30th (Surrey) Searchlight Regiment, Royal Artillery, 31st Division (United Kingdom), 32nd (Midland) Anti-Aircraft Brigade, 34th (South Midland) Anti-Aircraft Brigade, 3rd North Midland Brigade, Royal Field Artillery, 48th (South Midland) Division, 4th (City of London) Battalion, London Regiment, 4th Anti-Aircraft Brigade (United Kingdom), 4th Anti-Aircraft Division (United Kingdom), 4th Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 51st (Highland) Division, 51st (London) Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery, 59th (Warwickshire) Searchlight Regiment, Royal Artillery, 6.5×50mmSR Arisaka, 61st (2nd South Midland) Division, 7th Infantry Division (United Kingdom), 89th (Cinque Ports) Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery, 9th Division (Australia). Expand index (162 more) » « Shrink index
The Adige (Etsch; Àdexe; Adisch; Adesc; Athesis; Ἄθεσις) is the second longest river in Italy after the Po, rising in the Alps in the province of South Tyrol near the Italian border with Austria and Switzerland, flowing through most of North-East Italy to the Adriatic Sea.
The AEC Matador was a heavy 4x4 truck and medium artillery tractor built by the Associated Equipment Company for British and Commonwealth forces during the Second World War.
The Afrika Korps or German Africa Corps (Deutsches Afrikakorps, DAK) was the German expeditionary force in Africa during the North African Campaign of World War II.
The air raid on Bari was an air attack by German bombers on Allied forces and shipping in Bari, Italy on 2 December 1943 during World War II.
Alexandria (or; Arabic: الإسكندرية; Egyptian Arabic: إسكندرية; Ⲁⲗⲉⲝⲁⲛⲇⲣⲓⲁ; Ⲣⲁⲕⲟⲧⲉ) is the second-largest city in Egypt and a major economic centre, extending about along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea in the north central part of the country.
Alum Rock (known locally as "The Rock") is an inner-city suburb of Birmingham, England, located roughly 2 miles east of Birmingham city centre.
General Sir Anthony Heritage Farrar-Hockley, (8 April 1924 – 11 March 2006), affectionately known as 'Farrar the Para', was a British Army officer and a military historian who distinguished himself in a number of British conflicts.
Anti-Aircraft Command (AA Command, or "Ack-Ack Command") was a British Army command of the Second World War that controlled the Territorial Army anti-aircraft artillery and searchlight formations and units defending the United Kingdom.
Anti-aircraft warfare or counter-air defence is defined by NATO as "all measures designed to nullify or reduce the effectiveness of hostile air action."AAP-6 They include ground-and air-based weapon systems, associated sensor systems, command and control arrangements and passive measures (e.g. barrage balloons).
The Armistice of 11 November 1918 was the armistice that ended fighting on land, sea and air in World War I between the Allies and their last opponent, Germany.
The Armistice of Villa Giusti ended warfare between Italy and Austria-Hungary on the Italian Front during World War I. The armistice was signed on 3 November 1918 in the Villa Giusti, outside Padua in the Veneto, northern Italy, and took effect 24 hours later.
The Army Reserve is the active-duty volunteer reserve force and integrated element of the British Army.
Artres is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
Asiago (Cimbrian: Slege, German: Schlägen) is the name of both a major Italian PDO (Protected Designation of Origin) cheese and a minor township (population roughly 6,500) in the surrounding plateau region (the Altopiano di Asiago or Altopiano dei Sette Comuni, Asiago plateau) in the Province of Vicenza in the Veneto region of Northeastern Italy.
The Attack at Fromelles (Battle of Fromelles, Battle of Fleurbaix or Schlacht von Fromelles) 19–20 July 1916, was a British military operation on the Western Front during the First World War, subsidiary to the Battle of the Somme.
Écaillon is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
The Bangwaketse (also known as the BaNgwaketse, or Ngwaketse) are one of the eight principal tribes in Botswana, and are ethnic Tswana.
The Battle of Bazentin Ridge was part of the Battle of the Somme on the Western Front in France, during the First World War.
The Battle of Britain (Luftschlacht um England, literally "The Air Battle for England") was a military campaign of the Second World War, in which the Royal Air Force (RAF) defended the United Kingdom (UK) against large-scale attacks by Nazi Germany's air force, the Luftwaffe.
The Battle of Broodseinde was fought on 4 October 1917 near Ypres in Belgium, at the east end of the Gheluvelt plateau, by the British Second and Fifth armies and the German 4th Army.
The Battle of Cambrai (Battle of Cambrai, 1917, First Battle of Cambrai and Schlacht von Cambrai) was a British attack followed by the biggest German counter-attack against the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) since 1914, in the First World War.
The Battle of Langemarck (16–18 August 1917) was the second Anglo-French general attack of the Third Battle of Ypres, during the First World War.
The Battle of Passchendaele (Flandernschlacht, Deuxième Bataille des Flandres), also known as the Third Battle of Ypres, was a campaign of the First World War, fought by the Allies against the German Empire.
The Battle of Poelcappelle was fought in Flanders, Belgium, on 9 October 1917 by the British and German armies, during the First World War and marked the end of the string of highly successful British attacks in late September and early October, during the Third Battle of Ypres.
The Battle of Polygon Wood took place during the second phase of the Third Battle of Ypres in World War I and was fought near Ypres in Belgium, in the area from the Menin road to Polygon Wood and thence north, to the area beyond St Julien.
The Battle of Pozières (23 July – 3 September 1916) took place in France around the village of Pozières, during the Battle of the Somme.
The Battle of the Ancre was fought by the Fifth Army (Lieutenant-General Hubert Gough), against the German 1st Army (General Fritz von Below).
The Battle of the Ancre Heights (1 October – 11 November 1916), is the name given to the continuation of British attacks after the Battle of Thiepval Ridge from during the Battle of the Somme.
The Battle of the Lys, also known as the Lys Offensive, the Fourth Battle of Ypres, the Fourth Battle of Flanders and Operation Georgette (Batalha de La Lys and 3ème Bataille des Flandres), was part of the 1918 German offensive in Flanders during World War I, also known as the Spring Offensive.
The Battle of the Selle (17–25 October 1918) was a battle between Allied forces and the German Army, fought during the Hundred Days Offensive of World War I.
The Battle of the Somme (Bataille de la Somme, Schlacht an der Somme), also known as the Somme Offensive, was a battle of the First World War fought by the armies of the British Empire and France against the German Empire.
The Battle of Valenciennes was part of the Hundred Days Offensive at the end of World War I. Occurring on 1 and 2 November 1918, it resulted in the capture of Valenciennes from the Germans by Canadian and British forces.
The Battle of Vittorio Veneto was fought from 24 October to 3 November 1918 near Vittorio Veneto on the Italian Front during World War I. The Italian victory marked the end of the war on the Italian Front, secured the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and contributed to the end of the First World War just one week later.
Benghazi (بنغازي) is the second-most populous city in Libya and the largest in Cyrenaica.
Birmingham is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England, with an estimated population of 1,101,360, making it the second most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
The Birmingham Rifles, was a volunteer unit of the British Army founded in Birmingham in 1859.
Bishop Vesey's Grammar School (BVGS) is a selective state grammar school with academy status in Sutton Coldfield, West Midlands.
The Black Sea is a body of water and marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean between Eastern Europe, the Caucasus, and Western Asia.
--> The Bofors 40 mm gun, often referred to simply as the Bofors gun, is an anti-aircraft/multi-purpose autocannon designed in the 1930s by the Swedish arms manufacturer AB Bofors.
The Cannone-Mitragliera da 20/65 modello 35 (Breda), also known as Breda Model 35, was a 20 mm anti-aircraft gun produced by the Società Italiana Ernesto Breda of Brescia company in Italy and used during World War II.
The Bren gun, usually called simply the Bren, are a series of light machine guns (LMG) made by Britain in the 1930s and used in various roles until 1992.
The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.
The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the British Army sent to the Western Front during the First World War.
The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was the name of the British Army in Western Europe during the Second World War from 2 September 1939 when the BEF GHQ was formed until 31 May 1940, when GHQ closed down.
A cadre is the complement of commissioned officers and non-commissioned officers of a military unit responsible for training the rest of the unit.
The Canal de la Deûle is one of the oldest canals in northern France, originally connecting the river Scarpe near Douai with the river Lys at Deûlémont near the Belgian border.
The Cannon 102/35 Model 1914 was a naval gun of the Royal Italian Navy in World War I and World War II, which was modified for shore based anti-aircraft, field artillery, railway gun and coastal artillery roles.
The Cardwell Reforms were a series of reforms of the British Army undertaken by Secretary of State for War Edward Cardwell between 1868 and 1874 with the support of Liberal prime minister William Ewart Gladstone.
Castle Bromwich is a suburb situated within Solihull in the English county of the West Midlands.
GHQ Central Force was a home command of the British Army during the First World War.
Chelmsford is the principal settlement of the City of Chelmsford district, and the county town of Essex, in the East of England.
The Childers Reforms of 1881 reorganised the infantry regiments of the British Army.
Counter-battery fire (sometimes called counter-fire) is a battlefield military activity to defeat the enemy's indirect fire elements (guns, rocket launchers, artillery and mortars), including their target acquisition, command and control components.
Coventry is a city and metropolitan borough in the West Midlands, England.
Crewe ('Cryw' in Welsh) is a railway town and civil parish within the borough of Cheshire East and the ceremonial county of Cheshire, England.
Cyrenaica (Cyrenaica (Provincia), Κυρηναία (ἐπαρχία) Kyrēnaíā (eparkhíā), after the city of Cyrene; برقة) is the eastern coastal region of Libya.
Demobilization or demobilisation (see spelling differences) is the process of standing down a nation's armed forces from combat-ready status.
The Distinguished Service Order (DSO) is a military decoration of the United Kingdom, and formerly of other parts of the Commonwealth of Nations, awarded for meritorious or distinguished service by officers of the armed forces during wartime, typically in actual combat.
Doullens is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
The Eighth Army was a field army formation of the British Army during the Second World War, fighting in the North African and Italian campaigns.
El Alamein (العلمين.,, literally "the two worlds") is a town in the northern Matrouh Governorate of Egypt.
El Dabaa (الضبعة) is a city in the Matrouh Governorate, Egypt.
Erwin Rommel (15 November 1891 – 14 October 1944) was a German general and military theorist.
A facing colour is a common tailoring technique for European military uniforms where the visible inside lining of a standard military jacket, coat or tunic is of a different colour to that of the garment itself.
The Finsbury Rifles was a unit of Britain's Volunteer Force and later Territorial Army from 1860 to 1961.
First Army was a home service formation of the British Army during the First World War.
The first day on the Somme, 1 July 1916, was the opening day of the Battle of Albert the name given by the British to the first two weeks of the Battle of the Somme.
Foncquevillers is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.
In military munitions, a fuze (sometimes fuse) is the part of the device that initiates function.
Gun Laying radar, Mark I, or GL Mk.
Gun Laying radar, Mark III, or GL Mk.
Gommecourt is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.
A grenade is a small weapon typically thrown by hand.
The Haldane Reforms were a series of far-ranging reforms of the British Army made from 1906 to 1912, and named after the Secretary of State for War, Richard Burdon Haldane.
Halfaya Pass (مَمَرّ حَلْفَيَا translit., known colloquially as Hellfire Pass) is located in Egypt, near the border with Libya.
Harborne is an area of south-west Birmingham, England three miles (5 km) southwest from Birmingham city centre.
Hébuterne is a commune in the Pas-de-Calais department in the Hauts-de-France region of France.
The Hindenburg Line (Siegfriedstellung or Siegfried Position) was a German defensive position of World War I, built during the winter of 1916–1917 on the Western Front, from Arras to Laffaux, near Soissons on the Aisne.
HMAS Nizam (G38/D15) was an N-class destroyer of the Royal Australian Navy (RAN).
The Hundred Days Offensive was the final period of the First World War, during which the Allies launched a series of offensives against the Central Powers on the Western Front from 8 August to 11 November 1918, beginning with the Battle of Amiens.
Infantry is the branch of an army that engages in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and tank forces.
The Italian Campaign of World War II consisted of the Allied operations in and around Italy, from 1943 to the end of the war in Europe.
The Italian Co-belligerent Army (Esercito Cobelligerante Italiano), Army of the South (Esercito del Sud), or Italian Liberation Corps (Corpo Italiano di Liberazione) were names applied to various division sets of the now former Royal Italian Army during the period when it fought on the side of the Allies during World War II from September 1943 onwards.
The Italian Co-Belligerent Navy (Marina Cobelligerante Italiana), or Navy of the South (Marina del Sud) or Royal Navy (Regia Marina), was the navy of the Italian royalist forces fighting on the side of the Allies in southern Italy after the Allied armistice with Italy in September 1943.
The Italian Front (Fronte italiano; in Gebirgskrieg, "Mountain war") was a series of battles at the border between Austria-Hungary and Italy, fought between 1915 and 1918 in World War I. Following the secret promises made by the Allies in the Treaty of London, Italy entered the war in order to annex the Austrian Littoral and northern Dalmatia, and the territories of present-day Trentino and South Tyrol.
IX Corps was a corps-sized formation of the British Army that existed during World War I and World War II.
Brigadier General Sir James Edward Edmonds (25 December 1861 – 2 August 1956) was a British First World War officer of the Royal Engineers.
The Jewish Infantry Brigade Group, more commonly known as the Jewish Brigade Group or Jewish Brigade, was a military formation of the British Army composed of Jews from the Yishuv in Mandatory Palestine commanded by British-Jewish officers that served in Europe during World War II.
The Junkers Ju 52/3m (nicknamed Tante Ju ("Aunt Ju") and Iron Annie) is a German trimotor transport aircraft manufactured from 1931 to 1952.
The Junkers Ju 86 was a German monoplane bomber and civilian airliner designed in the early 1930s, and employed by various air forces on both sides during World War II.
The Junkers Ju 87 or Stuka (from Sturzkampfflugzeug, "dive bomber") is a German dive bomber and ground-attack aircraft.
The Junkers Ju 88 was a German World War II Luftwaffe twin-engined multirole combat aircraft.
Kings Heath (historically, and still occasionally King's Heath) is a suburb of south Birmingham, England, five miles south of the city centre.
Kings Norton, alternatively King's Norton, is an area of Birmingham, England.
Lamotte-Warfusée is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Le Havre, historically called Newhaven in English, is an urban French commune and city in the Seine-Maritime department in the Normandy region of northwestern France.
Lecce Airfield is an abandoned World War II military airfield in Italy, which is located approximately 5 km southeast of Lecce in the Salentine Peninsula.
The Lee–Enfield is a bolt-action, magazine-fed, repeating rifle that served as the main firearm used by the military forces of the British Empire and Commonwealth during the first half of the 20th century.
Legnago is a town and comune in the Province of Verona, Veneto, northern Italy, with population (2012) of 25,439.
The Lewis gun (or Lewis automatic machine gun or Lewis automatic rifle) is a First World War-era light machine gun of US design that was perfected and mass-produced in the United Kingdom, and widely used by British and British Empire troops during the war.
A light machine gun (LMG) is a machine gun designed to be employed by an individual soldier, with or without an assistant, as an infantry support weapon.
The London Electrical Engineers was a Volunteer unit of the British Army's Royal Engineers founded in 1897.
The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II.
Malta, officially known as the Republic of Malta (Repubblika ta' Malta), is a Southern European island country consisting of an archipelago in the Mediterranean Sea.
The Marble Arch, also Arch of the Philaeni (Arco dei Fileni), formerly known in Libya as El Gaus (i.e. "The Arch"), was a monument in Libya built during the days of Italian colonization.
Maresches is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
General Sir Martin Baker Farndale KCB (6 January 1929 – 10 May 2000) was a British Army General who reached high office in the 1980s.
The Maxim gun was a weapon invented by American-born British inventor Hiram Stevens Maxim in 1884: it was the first recoil-operated machine gun in production.
Mersa Matruh (مرسى مطروح) is a seaport in Egypt, the capital of the Matrouh Governorate.
Mesen (Messines in French, historically used in English) is a city located in the Belgian province of West Flanders.
The Messerschmitt Bf 109 is a German World War II fighter aircraft that was the backbone of the Luftwaffe's fighter force.
The Military Cross (MC) is the third-level military decoration awarded to officers and (since 1993) other ranks of the British Armed Forces, and used to be awarded to officers of other Commonwealth countries.
The Munich Agreement was a settlement permitting Nazi Germany's annexation of portions of Czechoslovakia along the country's borders mainly inhabited by German speakers, for which a new territorial designation, the "Sudetenland", was coined.
A naval mine is a self-contained explosive device placed in water to damage or destroy surface ships or submarines.
Newport (Casnewydd) is a cathedral and university city and unitary authority area in south east Wales.
The Nile Delta (دلتا النيل or simply الدلتا) is the delta formed in Northern Egypt (Lower Egypt) where the Nile River spreads out and drains into the Mediterranean Sea.
No man's land is land that is unoccupied or is under dispute between parties who leave it unoccupied due to fear or uncertainty.
The North African Campaign of the Second World War took place in North Africa from 10 June 1940 to 13 May 1943.
Northampton is the county town of Northamptonshire in the East Midlands of England.
The Most Distinguished Order of Saint Michael and Saint George is a British order of chivalry founded on 28 April 1818 by George, Prince Regent, later King George IV, while he was acting as regent for his father, King George III.
The Most Excellent Order of the British Empire is a British order of chivalry, rewarding contributions to the arts and sciences, work with charitable and welfare organisations, and public service outside the Civil service.
The Ordnance Quick-Firing 6-pounder 7 cwt, or just 6 pounder,British forces traditionally denoted smaller ordnance by the weight of its standard projectile, in this case approximately.
Ovillers-la-Boisselle is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Péronne is a commune of the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Ploegsteert is a village in Belgium located in the municipality of Comines-Warneton in the Hainaut province and is the most westerly settlement of the Walloon region.
A prisoner of war (POW) is a person, whether combatant or non-combatant, who is held in custody by a belligerent power during or immediately after an armed conflict.
The QF 3 inch 20 cwt anti-aircraft gun became the standard anti-aircraft gun used in the home defence of the United Kingdom against German airships and bombers and on the Western Front in World War I. It was also common on British warships in World War I and submarines in World War II.
The QF 3.7-inch AA was Britain's primary heavy anti-aircraft gun during World War II.
RAF El Amiriya is a former Royal Air Force military airfield in Egypt, located approximately 16 km south-southwest of Alexandria; 180 km northwest of Cairo El Amiriya was a pre–World War II airfield, first used in 1917.
The Rhonelle is a river of northern France.
Barolong is a tribal name for the Tswana (Barolong) living in north west South Africa, principally in Mafikeng (the Barolong boo rra Tshidi).
The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.
The Royal Army Ordnance Corps (RAOC) was a corps of the British Army.
The Royal Army Service Corps (RASC) was a corps of the British Army responsible for land, coastal and lake transport, air despatch, barracks administration, the Army Fire Service, staffing headquarters' units, supply of food, water, fuel and domestic materials such as clothing, furniture and stationery and the supply of technical and military equipment.
The Royal Regiment of Artillery, commonly referred to as the Royal Artillery (RA) and colloquially known as "The Gunners", is the artillery arm of the British Army.
The Royal Corps of Signals (often simply known as the Royal Signals - abbreviated to R SIGNALS) is one of the combat support arms of the British Army.
The Corps of Royal Electrical and Mechanical Engineers (REME; pronounced phonetically as "Reemee" with stress on the first syllable) is a corps of the British Army that maintains the equipment that the Army uses.
The Corps of Royal Engineers, usually just called the Royal Engineers (RE), and commonly known as the Sappers, is one of the corps of the British Army.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
The Royal Pioneer Corps was a British Army combatant corps used for light engineering tasks.
The Royal Scots (The Royal Regiment), once known as the Royal Regiment of Foot, was the oldest and most senior infantry regiment of the line of the British Army, having been raised in 1633 during the reign of Charles I of Scotland.
The Royal Warwickshire Regiment, previously titled the 6th Regiment of Foot, was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in continuous existence for 283 years.
The Ryton plant is a former car manufacturing plant in Ryton-on-Dunsmore, Warwickshire, England.
Saint-Quentin is a commune in the Aisne department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Salisbury Plain is a chalk plateau in the south western part of central southern England covering.
Sallum, As Sallum, or Sollum (السلوم "Alternative") is a village in Egypt, near the Mediterranean Sea, east of the border with Libya, and around from Tobruk.
The Second Battle of El Alamein (23 October – 11 November 1942) was a battle of the Second World War that took place near the Egyptian railway halt of El Alamein. With the Allies victorious, it was the watershed of the Western Desert Campaign. The First Battle of El Alamein had prevented the Axis from advancing further into Egypt. In August 1942, Lieutenant-General Sir Bernard Law Montgomery took command of the Eighth Army following the sacking of General Claude Auchinleck and the death of his replacement Lieutenant-General William Gott in an air crash. The Allied victory turned the tide in the North African Campaign and ended the Axis threat to Egypt, the Suez Canal and the Middle Eastern and Persian oil fields via North Africa. The Second Battle of El Alamein revived the morale of the Allies, being the first big success against the Axis since Operation Crusader in late 1941. The battle coincided with the Allied invasion of French North Africa in Operation Torch, which started on 8 November, the Battle of Stalingrad and the Guadalcanal Campaign.
The Second Battle of the Piave River, fought between 15 and 23 June 1918, was a decisive victory for the Italian Army against the Austro-Hungarian Empire during World War I. Though the battle proved to be a decisive blow to the Austro-Hungarian Empire and by extension the Central Powers, its full significance was not initially appreciated in Italy.
Serre-lès-Puisieux is a village in the commune of Puisieux in the Pas-de-Calais department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
Shrapnel shells were anti-personnel artillery munitions which carried a large number of individual bullets close to the target and then ejected them to allow them to continue along the shell's trajectory and strike the target individually.
Sidi Barrani (سيدى برانى) is a town in Egypt, near the Mediterranean Sea, about east of the border with Libya, and around from Tobruk, Libya.
The Siege of Tobruk lasted for 241 days in 1941, after Axis forces advanced through Cyrenaica from El Agheila in Operation Sonnenblume against Allied forces in Libya, during the Western Desert Campaign (1940–1943) of the Second World War.
Southend-on-Sea, commonly referred to as simply Southend, is a town and wider unitary authority area with borough status in southeastern Essex, England.
The 1918 Spring Offensive, or Kaiserschlacht (Kaiser's Battle), also known as the Ludendorff Offensive, was a series of German attacks along the Western Front during the First World War, beginning on 21 March 1918, which marked the deepest advances by either side since 1914.
The Suez Port is an Egyptian port located at the southern boundary of the Suez Canal.
The Royal Town of Sutton Coldfield, more colloquially known as Sutton Coldfield or simply Sutton, is a town and civil parish in Birmingham, West Midlands, England.
Taranto (early Tarento from Tarentum; Tarantino: Tarde; translit; label) is a coastal city in Apulia, Southern Italy.
The Territorial Decoration (TD) was a military medal of the United Kingdom awarded for long service in the Territorial Force and its successor, the Territorial Army.
The Territorial Force was a part-time volunteer organisation, created in 1908 to help meet the military needs of the United Kingdom (UK) without resorting to conscription.
The Blitz was a German bombing offensive against Britain in 1940 and 1941, during the Second World War.
The National Archives (TNA) is a non-ministerial government department.
Third Army was a home service formation of the British Army during the First World War.
The Thorp street drill hall is a former military installation in Birmingham.
Tobruk or Tubruq (Αντίπυργος) (طبرق Ṭubruq; also transliterated as Tóbruch, Tobruch, Tobruck and Tubruk) is a port city on Libya's eastern Mediterranean coast, near the border of Egypt.
The Tobruk Ferry Service (also known as the Tobruk Ferry Run) was the name given to the force of Royal Navy and Royal Australian Navy ships involved in the supply of Allied forces during the Siege of Tobruk.
Trentino, officially the Autonomous Province of Trento, is an autonomous province of Italy, in the country's far north.
Tripoli (طرابلس,; Berber: Oea, or Wy't) is the capital city and the largest city of Libya, with a population of about 1.1 million people in 2015.
The Tswana (Batswana, singular Motswana) are a Bantu-speaking ethnic group who are native to Southern Africa.
The Tunisian Campaign (also known as the Battle of Tunisia) was a series of battles that took place in Tunisia during the North African Campaign of the Second World War, between Axis and Allied forces.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United States Army Air Forces (USAAF or AAF), informally known as the Air Force, was the aerial warfare service of the United States of America during and immediately after World War II (1939/41–1945), successor to the previous United States Army Air Corps and the direct predecessor of the United States Air Force of today, one of the five uniformed military services.
Valenciennes (Dutch: Valencijn, Latin: Valentianae, Valincyinne) is a commune in the Nord department in northern France.
Villers-Bretonneux is a commune in the Somme department in Hauts-de-France in northern France.
The Volunteer Force was a citizen army of part-time rifle, artillery and engineer corps, created as a popular movement throughout the British Empire in 1859.
The Volunteer Officers' Decoration, post-nominal letters VD, was instituted in 1892 as an award for long and meritorious service by officers of the United Kingdom's Volunteer Force.
The War Office was a department of the British Government responsible for the administration of the British Army between 1857 and 1964, when its functions were transferred to the Ministry of Defence.
The West Midlands is one of nine official regions of England at the first level of NUTS for statistical purposes.
The Western Desert Force (WDF) was a British Army formation active in Egypt during the Western Desert Campaign of the Second World War.
The Western Front was the main theatre of war during the First World War.
In the military science of fortification, wire obstacles are defensive obstacles made from barbed wire, barbed tape or concertina wire.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The Z Battery was a short range anti-aircraft weapon system, which launched 3-inch (76 mm) diameter rockets from ground-based single and multiple launchers, for the air defence of the United Kingdom in World War II.
10th Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery was an air defence unit of the British Army that served in the Mediterranean Theatre during World War II.
The 11th Infantry Brigade and Headquarters South East is a regular British Army brigade formation that is part of the Army’s 'Adaptable Force' meaning it has operational units under command, as well as regional responsibilities across the South East of England.
The 143rd Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service in both World War I and World War II.
The 15th Army Group was an Army Group consisted by the British Eighth and the U.S. Fifth Armies, which apart troops from British Empire and U.S.A., also had whole units from other allied countries/regions; like 2 of their Corps (from free France and Poland), 1 Division (from Brazil) and 7 Brigades (6 Italians and one Greek), besides supporting and being supported by the local Italian partisans.
The 182nd (2/1st Warwickshire) Brigade was an infantry brigade of the British Army that saw active service in World War I with the 61st (2nd South Midland) Division and remained in the United Kingdom throughout World War II, serving with the 61st Infantry Division.
1st Anti-Aircraft Brigade (1st AA Bde) was an Air Defence formation of the British Army in World War II that served in the Battle of France and The Blitz.
The 1st Devonshire Artillery Volunteers and its successor units served in the British Army's Reserve Forces from 1859 to 1961.
The 1st Wessex Artillery was a volunteer unit of the British Army that existed under various titles from 1860 to 1971, including active service in World War I and World War II.
The 2nd (Seaham) Durham Artillery Volunteer Corps was a part-time unit of Britain's Royal Artillery raised in County Durham by the Vane-Tempest family during an invasion crisis in 1860.
2nd Anti-Aircraft Brigade (2 AA Bde) was an air defence formation of the British Army during World War II, seeing active service in the Battle of France and the North African and Italian campaigns.
The 2nd Anti-Aircraft Division (2nd AA Division) was an Air Defence formation of the British Army from 1935 to 1942.
30th (Surrey) Searchlight Regiment was an air defence unit of Britain's Territorial Army from 1924 until 1961.
The 31st Division was an infantry division of the British Army.
The 32nd (Midland) Anti-Aircraft Brigade was an air defence formation of Anti-Aircraft Command in Britain's Territorial Army (TA) from 1936 to 1955, charged with defending the East Midlands of England.
The 34th (South Midland) Anti-Aircraft Brigade (34 AA Bde) was an air defence formation of Anti-Aircraft Command in the British Territorial Army formed shortly before the outbreak of World War II.
The 3rd North Midland Brigade, Royal Field Artillery was a volunteer unit of the British Territorial Force formed in 1908.
The 48th (South Midland) Division was an infantry division of the British Army.
The 4th (City of London) Battalion, London Regiment (Royal Fusiliers) was a Volunteer unit of Britain's Territorial Army (TA) recruited from East London.
4th Anti-Aircraft Brigade (4 AA Bde) was an air defence formation of the British Army during World War II.
The 4th Anti-Aircraft Division (4th AA Division) was an air defence formation of Britain's Territorial Army, created in the period of tension before the outbreak of World War II.
The 4th Infantry Division was a regular infantry division of the British Army with a very long history, seeing active service in the Peninsular War, the Crimean War, the First World War, and during the Second World War.
The 51st (Highland) Division was an infantry division of the British Army that fought on the Western Front in France during the First World War from 1915 to 1918.
51st (London) Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment was a volunteer air defence unit of Britain's Territorial Army from 1922 until 1955.
The 59th (Warwickshire) Searchlight Regiment, Royal Artillery was an air defence unit of the Territorial Army (TA), part of the British Army, and was raised in Birmingham in 1938 just before the Second World War.
The 6.5×50mm semi-rimmed (6.5×50mmSR) Japanese cartridge, currently manufactured under the designation 6.5mm Jap, was adopted by the Imperial Japanese Army in 1897, along with the Type 30 Arisaka infantry rifle and carbine.
The 61st (2nd South Midland) Division was an infantry division of the British Army raised in 1915 during the Great War as a second-line reserve for the first-line battalions of the 48th (South Midland) Division.
The 7th Infantry Division was an infantry division of the British Army, first established by The Duke of Wellington as part of the Anglo-Portuguese Army for service in the Peninsular War, and was active also during the First World War from 1914–1919, and in the Second World War from 1938–1939 in Palestine and Egypt.
The 89th (Cinque Ports) Heavy Anti-Aircraft Regiment, Royal Artillery was an air defence unit of Britain's Territorial Army (TA) raised in Kent just before the outbreak of World War II.
The 9th Division was a division of the Australian Army that served during World War II.