Logo
Unionpedia
Communication
Get it on Google Play
New! Download Unionpedia on your Android™ device!
Download
Faster access than browser!
 

78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom)

+ Save concept

The 78th Infantry Division, also known as the Battleaxe Division, was an infantry division of the British Army, raised during World War II that fought, with great distinction, in Tunisia, Sicily and Italy from late 1942–1945. [1]

158 relations: Admiral (Royal Navy), Admiral of the fleet, Algiers, Allied invasion of Sicily, Allies of World War II, Alphonse Juin, Amphibious warfare, Andrew Cunningham, 1st Viscount Cunningham of Hyndhope, Apennine Mountains, Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders, Army general (France), Attack on Pearl Harbor, Austria, Axis powers, Barbara Line, Battle axe, Battle honour, Battle of Britain, Battle of Centuripe, Battle of France, Battle of Gazala, Battle of Longstop Hill (1943), Battle of Monte Cassino, Battle of Singapore, Battle of the Argenta Gap, Béjaïa, Bernard Montgomery, Bizerte, Blida Airport, Brigade group, Brigadier (United Kingdom), British Army, British Army during the Second World War, Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment), Cambridge University Press, Charles Keightley, Charles W. Ryder, Charles Walter Allfrey, City of London Artillery, Coldstream Guards, Commander-in-chief, Commanding officer, Commandos (United Kingdom), Commonwealth of Nations, Crusades, Cyrenaica, Division (military), Dunkirk evacuation, East Surrey Regiment, Eighth Army (United Kingdom), ..., Empire of Japan, Erwin Rommel, European theatre of World War II, First Army (United Kingdom), François Darlan, Frank Jefferson, French Algeria, French Armed Forces, French Army, French Navy, French North Africa, French protectorate in Morocco, French protectorate of Tunisia, Frontier Wire (Libya), Fusilier, General (United Kingdom), General der Panzertruppe, General officer commanding, German declaration of war against the United States, German military administration in occupied France during World War II, Glamorgan Yeomanry, Gothic Line, Grenadier Guards, History of the Second World War, Imperial War Museum, Infantry, Italian Campaign (World War II), Italian Libya, Japanese invasion of Malaya, John Anderson (VC), Keith Arbuthnott, 15th Viscount of Arbuthnott, Kenneth Anderson (British Army officer), Kensington Regiment (Princess Louise's), Kingdom of Egypt, Kingdom of Italy, Lancashire Fusiliers, Lieutenant-general (United Kingdom), List of British divisions in World War II, London, London Irish Rifles, Major (United Kingdom), Major general (United States), Major-general (United Kingdom), Military history of the United Kingdom during World War II, Military history of the United States during World War II, Military reserve, Moro River Campaign, Mountain warfare, Nazi Germany, North Africa, North Midland Divisional Engineers, Northamptonshire Regiment, Office of Public Sector Information, Oliver Leese, Operation Barbarossa, Operation Crusader, Operation Ochsenkopf, Operation Roundup (1942), Operation Sledgehammer, Operation Torch, Oran, Orion Publishing Group, Osprey Publishing, Queen's Own Royal Glasgow Yeomanry, Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment, Reconnaissance Corps, Red Army, Richard McCreery, Routledge, Royal Armoured Corps, Royal Artillery, Royal Corps of Signals, Royal Engineers, Royal Hampshire Regiment, Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers, Royal Irish Fusiliers, Run for Tunis, Scotland, Second Battle of El Alamein, Sidney Kirkman, Soviet Union, Spring 1945 offensive in Italy, Tobruk, Trasimene Line, Tunis, Tunisian Campaign, United States, United States Army, United States Army North, V Corps (United Kingdom), Vichy France, Vichy French Air Force, Victoria Cross, Volturno Line, Vyvyan Evelegh, Wallace Le Patourel, Western Desert Campaign, Winter Line, World War II, XXX Corps (United Kingdom), 11th Infantry Brigade and Headquarters South East, 168th Infantry Regiment (United States), 1st Armoured Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 36th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom), 38th (Irish) Brigade, 39th Infantry Regiment (United States), 5th (Huntingdonshire) Battalion, Northamptonshire Regiment, 6th Armoured Division (United Kingdom). Expand index (108 more) »

Admiral (Royal Navy)

Admiral is a senior rank of the Royal Navy of the United Kingdom, which equates to the NATO rank code OF-9, outranked only by the rank admiral of the fleet.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Admiral (Royal Navy) · See more »

Admiral of the fleet

An admiral of the fleet or fleet admiral (sometimes also known as admiral of the navy or grand admiral) is a military naval officer of the highest rank.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Admiral of the fleet · See more »

Algiers

Algiers (الجزائر al-Jazā’er, ⴷⵣⴰⵢⴻ, Alger) is the capital and largest city of Algeria.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Algiers · See more »

Allied invasion of Sicily

The Allied invasion of Sicily, codenamed Operation Husky, was a major campaign of World War II, in which the Allies took the island of Sicily from the Axis powers (Italy and Nazi Germany).

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Allied invasion of Sicily · See more »

Allies of World War II

The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Allies of World War II · See more »

Alphonse Juin

Alphonse Pierre Juin (16 December 1888 – 27 January 1967) was a senior French Army officer who became a Marshal of France.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Alphonse Juin · See more »

Amphibious warfare

Amphibious warfare is a type of offensive military operation that today uses naval ships to project ground and air power onto a hostile or potentially hostile shore at a designated landing beach.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Amphibious warfare · See more »

Andrew Cunningham, 1st Viscount Cunningham of Hyndhope

Admiral of the Fleet Andrew Browne Cunningham, 1st Viscount Cunningham of Hyndhope, (7 January 1883 – 12 June 1963) was a senior officer of the British Royal Navy during the Second World War.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Andrew Cunningham, 1st Viscount Cunningham of Hyndhope · See more »

Apennine Mountains

The Apennines or Apennine Mountains (Ἀπέννινα ὄρη; Appenninus or Apenninus Mons—a singular used in the plural;Apenninus has the form of an adjective, which would be segmented Apenn-inus, often used with nouns such as mons (mountain) or Greek ὄρος oros, but just as often used alone as a noun. The ancient Greeks and Romans typically but not always used "mountain" in the singular to mean one or a range; thus, "the Apennine mountain" refers to the entire chain and is translated "the Apennine mountains". The ending can vary also by gender depending on the noun modified. The Italian singular refers to one of the constituent chains rather than to a single mountain and the Italian plural refers to multiple chains rather than to multiple mountains. Appennini) are a mountain range consisting of parallel smaller chains extending along the length of peninsular Italy.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Apennine Mountains · See more »

Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders

The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that existed from 1881 until amalgamation into the Royal Regiment of Scotland on 28 March 2006, from when it became a single battalion in the Royal Regiment of Scotland.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders · See more »

Army general (France)

A général d'armée (army general) is the highest active military rank of the French Army.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Army general (France) · See more »

Attack on Pearl Harbor

The attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Territory, on the morning of December 7, 1941.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Attack on Pearl Harbor · See more »

Austria

Austria (Österreich), officially the Republic of Austria (Republik Österreich), is a federal republic and a landlocked country of over 8.8 million people in Central Europe.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Austria · See more »

Axis powers

The Axis powers (Achsenmächte; Potenze dell'Asse; 枢軸国 Sūjikukoku), also known as the Axis and the Rome–Berlin–Tokyo Axis, were the nations that fought in World War II against the Allied forces.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Axis powers · See more »

Barbara Line

During the Italian Campaign of World War II, the Barbara Line was a series of German military fortifications in Italy, some south of the Gustav Line, from Colli al Volturno to the Adriatic Coast in San Salvo and a similar distance north of the Volturno Line.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Barbara Line · See more »

Battle axe

A battle axe (also battle-axe or battle-ax) is an axe specifically designed for combat.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Battle axe · See more »

Battle honour

A battle honour is an award of a right by a government or sovereign to a military unit to emblazon the name of a battle or operation on its flags ("colours"), uniforms or other accessories where ornamentation is possible.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Battle honour · See more »

Battle of Britain

The Battle of Britain (Luftschlacht um England, literally "The Air Battle for England") was a military campaign of the Second World War, in which the Royal Air Force (RAF) defended the United Kingdom (UK) against large-scale attacks by Nazi Germany's air force, the Luftwaffe.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Battle of Britain · See more »

Battle of Centuripe

The Battle of Centuripe was fought from 2 to 4 August 1943, as part of the Allied invasion of Sicily during World War II.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Battle of Centuripe · See more »

Battle of France

The Battle of France, also known as the Fall of France, was the German invasion of France and the Low Countries during the Second World War.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Battle of France · See more »

Battle of Gazala

The Battle of Gazala (near the modern town of Ayn al Ghazālah) was fought during the Western Desert Campaign of the Second World War, west of the port of Tobruk in Libya, from 26 May to 21 June 1942.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Battle of Gazala · See more »

Battle of Longstop Hill (1943)

The 2nd Battle of Longstop Hill or the Capture of Longstop Hill took place in Tunisia during the Tunisia Campaign from 21 to 23 April 1943.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Battle of Longstop Hill (1943) · See more »

Battle of Monte Cassino

The Battle of Monte Cassino (also known as the Battle for Rome and the Battle for Cassino) was a costly series of four assaults by the Allies against the Winter Line in Italy held by Axis forces during the Italian Campaign of World War II.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Battle of Monte Cassino · See more »

Battle of Singapore

The Battle of Singapore, also known as the Fall of Singapore, was fought in the South-East Asian theatre of World War II when the Empire of Japan invaded the British stronghold of Singapore—nicknamed the "Gibraltar of the East".

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Battle of Singapore · See more »

Battle of the Argenta Gap

The Battle of the Argenta Gap was an engagement which formed part of the Allied spring 1945 offensive during the Italian Campaign in the final stages of the Second World War.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Battle of the Argenta Gap · See more »

Béjaïa

Béjaïa (بِجَايَة, Bijayah; Bgayet, Bgayeth, ⴱⴳⴰⵢⴻⵜ), formerly Bougie and Bugia, is a Mediterranean port city on the Gulf of Béjaïa in Algeria; it is the capital of Béjaïa Province, Kabylia.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Béjaïa · See more »

Bernard Montgomery

Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, (17 November 1887 – 24 March 1976), nicknamed "Monty" and "The Spartan General", was a senior British Army officer who fought in both the First World War and the Second World War.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Bernard Montgomery · See more »

Bizerte

Bizerte (بنزرت); historically: Phoenician: Hippo Acra, Hippo Diarrhytus and Hippo Zarytus), also known in English as Bizerta, is a town of Bizerte Governorate in Tunisia. It is the northernmost city in Africa, located 65 km (40mil) north of the capital Tunis. The city had 142,966 inhabitants in 2014.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Bizerte · See more »

Blida Airport

Blida Airport is an airport in Blida, Algeria.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Blida Airport · See more »

Brigade group

A brigade group is a term used primarily in armies of the Commonwealth of Nations for an ad hoc arrangement of forces and not a permanent organisation whereas, with a capital G, a Brigade Group is.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Brigade group · See more »

Brigadier (United Kingdom)

Brigadier (Brig) is a senior rank in the British Army and the Royal Marines.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Brigadier (United Kingdom) · See more »

British Army

The British Army is the principal land warfare force of the United Kingdom, a part of British Armed Forces.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and British Army · See more »

British Army during the Second World War

The British Army was, in 1939, a volunteer army, that introduced limited conscription in early 1939, and full conscription shortly after the declaration of war with Germany.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and British Army during the Second World War · See more »

Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment)

The Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment), formerly the 3rd Regiment of Foot, was a line infantry regiment of the British Army traditionally raised in the English county of Kent and garrisoned at Canterbury.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Buffs (Royal East Kent Regiment) · See more »

Cambridge University Press

Cambridge University Press (CUP) is the publishing business of the University of Cambridge.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Cambridge University Press · See more »

Charles Keightley

General Sir Charles Frederic Keightley, (24 June 1901 – 17 June 1974) was a British Army officer during and following the Second World War.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Charles Keightley · See more »

Charles W. Ryder

Major General Charles Wolcott Ryder CB (January 16, 1892 – August 17, 1960) was a senior United States Army officer who served with distinction in both World War I and World War II.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Charles W. Ryder · See more »

Charles Walter Allfrey

Lieutenant General Sir Charles Walter Allfrey, (24 October 1895 – 2 November 1964) was a senior British Army officer who served in both the world wars, most notably during the Second World War as General Officer Commanding of V Corps in North Africa and Italy from 1942 to 1944.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Charles Walter Allfrey · See more »

City of London Artillery

The 1st London Artillery Brigade or City of London Artillery was a volunteer field artillery unit of the British Army, part of the Territorial Force and later the Territorial Army, that existed under various titles from 1863 to 1971 and fought in World War I and World War II.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and City of London Artillery · See more »

Coldstream Guards

The Coldstream Guards (COLDM GDS) is a part of the Guards Division, Foot Guards regiments of the British Army.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Coldstream Guards · See more »

Commander-in-chief

A commander-in-chief, also sometimes called supreme commander, or chief commander, is the person or body that exercises supreme operational command and control of a nation's military forces.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Commander-in-chief · See more »

Commanding officer

The commanding officer (CO) or, if the incumbent is a general officer, commanding general (CG), is the officer in command of a military unit.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Commanding officer · See more »

Commandos (United Kingdom)

The Commandos also known as British Commandos were formed during the Second World War in June 1940, following a request from the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, Winston Churchill, for a force that could carry out raids against German-occupied Europe.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Commandos (United Kingdom) · See more »

Commonwealth of Nations

The Commonwealth of Nations, often known as simply the Commonwealth, is an intergovernmental organisation of 53 member states that are mostly former territories of the British Empire.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Commonwealth of Nations · See more »

Crusades

The Crusades were a series of religious wars sanctioned by the Latin Church in the medieval period.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Crusades · See more »

Cyrenaica

Cyrenaica (Cyrenaica (Provincia), Κυρηναία (ἐπαρχία) Kyrēnaíā (eparkhíā), after the city of Cyrene; برقة) is the eastern coastal region of Libya.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Cyrenaica · See more »

Division (military)

A division is a large military unit or formation, usually consisting of between 10,000 and 20,000 soldiers.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Division (military) · See more »

Dunkirk evacuation

The Dunkirk evacuation, code-named Operation Dynamo, and also known as the Miracle of Dunkirk, was the evacuation of Allied soldiers during World War II from the beaches and harbour of Dunkirk, in the north of France, between 26 May and 4 June 1940.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Dunkirk evacuation · See more »

East Surrey Regiment

The East Surrey Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 until 1959.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and East Surrey Regiment · See more »

Eighth Army (United Kingdom)

The Eighth Army was a field army formation of the British Army during the Second World War, fighting in the North African and Italian campaigns.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Eighth Army (United Kingdom) · See more »

Empire of Japan

The was the historical nation-state and great power that existed from the Meiji Restoration in 1868 to the enactment of the 1947 constitution of modern Japan.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Empire of Japan · See more »

Erwin Rommel

Erwin Rommel (15 November 1891 – 14 October 1944) was a German general and military theorist.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Erwin Rommel · See more »

European theatre of World War II

The European theatre of World War II, also known as the Second European War, was a huge area of heavy fighting across Europe, from Germany's and the Soviet Union's joint invasion of Poland in September 1939 until the end of the war with the Soviet Union conquering most of Eastern Europe along with the German unconditional surrender on 8 May 1945 (Victory in Europe Day).

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and European theatre of World War II · See more »

First Army (United Kingdom)

The First Army was a formation of the British Army that existed during the First and Second World Wars.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and First Army (United Kingdom) · See more »

François Darlan

Jean Louis Xavier François Darlan (7 August 1881 – 24 December 1942) was a French Admiral and political figure.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and François Darlan · See more »

Frank Jefferson

Francis Arthur Jefferson VC (18 August 1921 – 4 September 1982) was an English recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Frank Jefferson · See more »

French Algeria

French Algeria (Alger to 1839, then Algérie afterwards; unofficially Algérie française, االجزائر المستعمرة), also known as Colonial Algeria, began in 1830 with the invasion of Algiers and lasted until 1962, under a variety of governmental systems.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and French Algeria · See more »

French Armed Forces

The French Armed Forces (Forces armées françaises) encompass the Army, the Navy, the Air Force, the National Guard and the Gendarmerie of the French Republic.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and French Armed Forces · See more »

French Army

The French Army, officially the Ground Army (Armée de terre) (to distinguish it from the French Air Force, Armée de L'air or Air Army) is the land-based and largest component of the French Armed Forces.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and French Army · See more »

French Navy

The French Navy (Marine Nationale), informally "La Royale", is the maritime arm of the French Armed Forces.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and French Navy · See more »

French North Africa

French North Africa was a collection of territories in North Africa controlled by France, centering on French Algeria.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and French North Africa · See more »

French protectorate in Morocco

The French protectorate in Morocco (Protectorat français au Maroc; حماية فرنسا في المغرب Ḥimāyat Faransā fi-l-Maḡrib) was established by the Treaty of Fez.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and French protectorate in Morocco · See more »

French protectorate of Tunisia

The French protectorate of Tunisia (Protectorat français de Tunisie; الحماية الفرنسية في تونس) was established in 1881, during the French colonial Empire era, and lasted until Tunisian independence in 1956.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and French protectorate of Tunisia · See more »

Frontier Wire (Libya)

The Frontier Wire was a obstacle in Italian Libya, along the length of the border of British-held Egypt, running from El Ramleh, in the Gulf of Sollum (between Bardia and Sollum) south to Jaghbub parallel to the 25th meridian east, the Libya–Egypt and Libya–Sudan borders.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Frontier Wire (Libya) · See more »

Fusilier

Fusilier is a name given to various kinds of soldiers; its meaning depends on the historical context.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Fusilier · See more »

General (United Kingdom)

General (or full general to distinguish it from the lower general officer ranks) is the highest rank currently achievable by serving officers of the British Army.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and General (United Kingdom) · See more »

General der Panzertruppe

General der Panzertruppe (Literally: General of the Armoured Corps) was a General of the branch OF8-rank rank of German Army, introduced in 1935.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and General der Panzertruppe · See more »

General officer commanding

The General Officer Commanding (GOC) is the usual title given in the armies of the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth (and some other, such as in Ireland) nations to a General Officer who holds a command appointment.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and General officer commanding · See more »

German declaration of war against the United States

On 11 December 1941, four days after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and the United States declaration of war against the Japanese Empire, Nazi Germany declared war against the United States, in response to what was claimed to be a series of provocations by the United States government when the US was still officially neutral during World War II.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and German declaration of war against the United States · See more »

German military administration in occupied France during World War II

The Military Administration in France (Militärverwaltung in Frankreich; Occupation de la France par l'Allemagne) was an interim occupation authority established by Nazi Germany during World War II to administer the occupied zone in areas of northern and western France.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and German military administration in occupied France during World War II · See more »

Glamorgan Yeomanry

The Glamorgan Yeomanry was a Yeomanry regiment of the British Army originally raised in the late eighteenth century as a result of concern over the threat of invasion by the French.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Glamorgan Yeomanry · See more »

Gothic Line

The Gothic Line (Gotenstellung; Linea Gotica) was a German defensive line of the Italian Campaign of World War II.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Gothic Line · See more »

Grenadier Guards

The Grenadier Guards (GREN GDS) is an infantry regiment of the British Army.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Grenadier Guards · See more »

History of the Second World War

The History of the Second World War is the official history of the British contribution to the Second World War and was published by Her Majesty's Stationery Office (HMSO).

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and History of the Second World War · See more »

Imperial War Museum

Imperial War Museums (IWM) is a British national museum organisation with branches at five locations in England, three of which are in London.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Imperial War Museum · See more »

Infantry

Infantry is the branch of an army that engages in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and tank forces.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Infantry · See more »

Italian Campaign (World War II)

The Italian Campaign of World War II consisted of the Allied operations in and around Italy, from 1943 to the end of the war in Europe.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Italian Campaign (World War II) · See more »

Italian Libya

Italian Libya (Libia Italiana; ليبيا الإيطالية) was a unified colony of Italian North Africa (Africa Settentrionale Italiana, or ASI) established in 1934 in what is now modern Libya.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Italian Libya · See more »

Japanese invasion of Malaya

The Japanese Invasion of Malaya began just after midnight on 8 December 1941 (local time) before the attack on Pearl Harbor.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Japanese invasion of Malaya · See more »

John Anderson (VC)

Major John Thompson McKellar "Jock" Anderson, (12 January 1918 – 5 October 1943) was a British Army officer and a recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and John Anderson (VC) · See more »

Keith Arbuthnott, 15th Viscount of Arbuthnott

Major General Robert Keith Arbuthnott, 15th Viscount of Arbuthnott, (21 August 1897 – 15 December 1966) was a senior British Army officer who served in both the First World War and the Second World War.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Keith Arbuthnott, 15th Viscount of Arbuthnott · See more »

Kenneth Anderson (British Army officer)

General Sir Kenneth Arthur Noel Anderson, (25 December 1891 – 29 April 1959) was a senior British Army officer who saw service in both world wars.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Kenneth Anderson (British Army officer) · See more »

Kensington Regiment (Princess Louise's)

The Kensington Regiment (Princess Louise's) is a unit of the British Army, which originated in the Volunteer Rifle Corps' movement of the 1850s.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Kensington Regiment (Princess Louise's) · See more »

Kingdom of Egypt

The Kingdom of Egypt (المملكة المصرية; المملكه المصريه, "the Egyptian Kingdom") was the de jure independent Egyptian state established under the Muhammad Ali Dynasty in 1922 following the Unilateral Declaration of Egyptian Independence by the United Kingdom.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Kingdom of Egypt · See more »

Kingdom of Italy

The Kingdom of Italy (Regno d'Italia) was a state which existed from 1861—when King Victor Emmanuel II of Sardinia was proclaimed King of Italy—until 1946—when a constitutional referendum led civil discontent to abandon the monarchy and form the modern Italian Republic.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Kingdom of Italy · See more »

Lancashire Fusiliers

The Lancashire Fusiliers was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that saw distinguished service through many centuries and wars, including the Second Boer War both World War I and World War II, and had many different titles throughout its 280 years of existence.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Lancashire Fusiliers · See more »

Lieutenant-general (United Kingdom)

Lieutenant general (Lt Gen), formerly more commonly lieutenant-general, is a senior rank in the British Army and the Royal Marines.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Lieutenant-general (United Kingdom) · See more »

List of British divisions in World War II

This page is a list of British Army divisions that existed in World War II.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and List of British divisions in World War II · See more »

London

London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and London · See more »

London Irish Rifles

The London Irish Rifles (LIR) was a volunteer rifle regiment of the British Army with a distinguished history, and now forms 'D' (London Irish Rifles) Company of the London Regiment and is part of the Army Reserve.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and London Irish Rifles · See more »

Major (United Kingdom)

Major (Maj) is a military rank which is used by both the British Army and Royal Marines.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Major (United Kingdom) · See more »

Major general (United States)

In the United States Army, United States Marine Corps, and United States Air Force, major general is a two-star general-officer rank, with the pay grade of O-8.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Major general (United States) · See more »

Major-general (United Kingdom)

Major general (Maj Gen), is a "two-star" rank in the British Army and Royal Marines.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Major-general (United Kingdom) · See more »

Military history of the United Kingdom during World War II

The United Kingdom, along with most of its Dominions and Crown colonies declared war on Nazi Germany in September 1939, after the German invasion of Poland.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Military history of the United Kingdom during World War II · See more »

Military history of the United States during World War II

The military history of the United States in World War II covers the war against Germany, Italy, Japan and starting with the 7 December 1941 attack on Pearl Harbor.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Military history of the United States during World War II · See more »

Military reserve

A military reserve, reserve formation, or simply reserve, is a group of military personnel or units which are initially not committed to a battle by their commander so that they are available to address unforeseen situations or exploit sudden opportunities.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Military reserve · See more »

Moro River Campaign

The Moro River Campaign was an important battle of the Italian Campaign during the Second World War, fought between elements of the British Eighth Army and LXXVI Panzer Corps (LXXVI Panzerkorps) of the German 10th Army (10. Armee).

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Moro River Campaign · See more »

Mountain warfare

Mountain warfare refers to warfare in the mountains or similarly rough terrain.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Mountain warfare · See more »

Nazi Germany

Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Nazi Germany · See more »

North Africa

North Africa is a collective term for a group of Mediterranean countries and territories situated in the northern-most region of the African continent.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and North Africa · See more »

North Midland Divisional Engineers

The North Midland Divisional Engineers was a Territorial Force unit of the British Royal Engineers created in 1908 by conversion of a volunteer infantry battalion from Staffordshire.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and North Midland Divisional Engineers · See more »

Northamptonshire Regiment

The Northamptonshire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 until 1960.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Northamptonshire Regiment · See more »

Office of Public Sector Information

The Office of Public Sector Information (OPSI) is the body responsible for the operation of Her Majesty's Stationery Office (HMSO) and of other public information services of the United Kingdom.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Office of Public Sector Information · See more »

Oliver Leese

Lieutenant General Sir Oliver William Hargreaves Leese, 3rd Baronet, (27 October 1894 – 22 January 1978) was a senior British Army officer who saw distinguished active service during both the world wars.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Oliver Leese · See more »

Operation Barbarossa

Operation Barbarossa (German: Unternehmen Barbarossa) was the code name for the Axis invasion of the Soviet Union, which started on Sunday, 22 June 1941, during World War II.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Operation Barbarossa · See more »

Operation Crusader

Operation Crusader was a military operation during the Second World War by the British Eighth Army against the Axis forces in North Africa between 18 November and 30 December 1941.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Operation Crusader · See more »

Operation Ochsenkopf

Unternehmen Ochsenkopf (Operation Ox Head) also known as the Battle of Sidi Nsir, and the Battle of Hunts Gap was an Axis offensive operation in Tunisia from 1943, during the Tunisia Campaign of the Second World War.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Operation Ochsenkopf · See more »

Operation Roundup (1942)

Operation Roundup was the codename for a 1942 plan for an invasion of Northern France by Allied forces during World War II.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Operation Roundup (1942) · See more »

Operation Sledgehammer

Operation Sledgehammer was a World War II Allied plan for a cross-Channel invasion of Europe, as the first step in helping to reduce pressure on the Soviet Red Army by establishing a Second Front.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Operation Sledgehammer · See more »

Operation Torch

Operation Torch (8–16 November 1942, formerly Operation Gymnast) was a Anglo–American invasion of French North Africa, during the North African Campaign of the Second World War.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Operation Torch · See more »

Oran

Oran (وَهران, Wahrān; Berber language: ⵡⴻⵂⵔⴰⵏ, Wehran) is a major coastal city located in the north-west of Algeria.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Oran · See more »

Orion Publishing Group

Orion Publishing Group Ltd.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Orion Publishing Group · See more »

Osprey Publishing

Osprey Publishing is an Oxford-based publishing company specializing in military history.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Osprey Publishing · See more »

Queen's Own Royal Glasgow Yeomanry

The Queen's Own Royal Glasgow Yeomanry was a yeomanry regiment of the British Army that can trace their formation back to 1796.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Queen's Own Royal Glasgow Yeomanry · See more »

Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment

The Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army based in the county of Kent in existence from 1881 to 1961.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Queen's Own Royal West Kent Regiment · See more »

Reconnaissance Corps

The Reconnaissance Corps, or simply Recce Corps, was a corps of the British Army, formed during the Second World War whose units provided the mobile spearhead of infantry divisions.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Reconnaissance Corps · See more »

Red Army

The Workers' and Peasants' Red Army (Рабоче-крестьянская Красная армия (РККА), Raboche-krest'yanskaya Krasnaya armiya (RKKA), frequently shortened in Russian to Красная aрмия (КА), Krasnaya armiya (KA), in English: Red Army, also in critical literature and folklore of that epoch – Red Horde, Army of Work) was the army and the air force of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, and, after 1922, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Red Army · See more »

Richard McCreery

General Sir Richard Loudon McCreery (1 February 1898 – 18 October 1967), was a career soldier of the British Army, who was decorated for leading one of the last cavalry actions in the First World War.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Richard McCreery · See more »

Routledge

Routledge is a British multinational publisher.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Routledge · See more »

Royal Armoured Corps

The Royal Armoured Corps (RAC) provides the armour capability of the British Army, with vehicles such as the Challenger 2 Tank and the Scimitar Reconnaissance Vehicle.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Royal Armoured Corps · See more »

Royal Artillery

The Royal Regiment of Artillery, commonly referred to as the Royal Artillery (RA) and colloquially known as "The Gunners", is the artillery arm of the British Army.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Royal Artillery · See more »

Royal Corps of Signals

The Royal Corps of Signals (often simply known as the Royal Signals - abbreviated to R SIGNALS) is one of the combat support arms of the British Army.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Royal Corps of Signals · See more »

Royal Engineers

The Corps of Royal Engineers, usually just called the Royal Engineers (RE), and commonly known as the Sappers, is one of the corps of the British Army.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Royal Engineers · See more »

Royal Hampshire Regiment

The Hampshire Regiment was a line infantry regiment of the British Army, created as part of the Childers Reforms in 1881 by the amalgamation of the 37th (North Hampshire) Regiment of Foot and the 67th (South Hampshire) Regiment of Foot.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Royal Hampshire Regiment · See more »

Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers

The Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers was an Irish line infantry regiment of the British Army in existence from 1881 until 1968.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers · See more »

Royal Irish Fusiliers

The Royal Irish Fusiliers (Princess Victoria's) was an Irish line infantry regiment of the British Army, formed by the amalgamation of the 87th (Prince of Wales's Irish) Regiment of Foot and the 89th (Princess Victoria's) Regiment of Foot in 1881.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Royal Irish Fusiliers · See more »

Run for Tunis

The Run for Tunis was part of the Tunisia Campaign which took place during November and December 1942 during the Second World War.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Run for Tunis · See more »

Scotland

Scotland (Alba) is a country that is part of the United Kingdom and covers the northern third of the island of Great Britain.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Scotland · See more »

Second Battle of El Alamein

The Second Battle of El Alamein (23 October – 11 November 1942) was a battle of the Second World War that took place near the Egyptian railway halt of El Alamein. With the Allies victorious, it was the watershed of the Western Desert Campaign. The First Battle of El Alamein had prevented the Axis from advancing further into Egypt. In August 1942, Lieutenant-General Sir Bernard Law Montgomery took command of the Eighth Army following the sacking of General Claude Auchinleck and the death of his replacement Lieutenant-General William Gott in an air crash. The Allied victory turned the tide in the North African Campaign and ended the Axis threat to Egypt, the Suez Canal and the Middle Eastern and Persian oil fields via North Africa. The Second Battle of El Alamein revived the morale of the Allies, being the first big success against the Axis since Operation Crusader in late 1941. The battle coincided with the Allied invasion of French North Africa in Operation Torch, which started on 8 November, the Battle of Stalingrad and the Guadalcanal Campaign.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Second Battle of El Alamein · See more »

Sidney Kirkman

General Sir Sidney Chevalier Kirkman, (29 July 1895 – 29 October 1982) was a British Army officer, who served in both the First World War and Second World War.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Sidney Kirkman · See more »

Soviet Union

The Soviet Union, officially the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a socialist state in Eurasia that existed from 1922 to 1991.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Soviet Union · See more »

Spring 1945 offensive in Italy

The spring 1945 offensive in Italy, codenamed Operation Grapeshot, was the final Allied attack during the Italian Campaign in the final stages of the Second World War.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Spring 1945 offensive in Italy · See more »

Tobruk

Tobruk or Tubruq (Αντίπυργος) (طبرق Ṭubruq; also transliterated as Tóbruch, Tobruch, Tobruck and Tubruk) is a port city on Libya's eastern Mediterranean coast, near the border of Egypt.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Tobruk · See more »

Trasimene Line

The Trasimene Line (so-named for Lake Trasimene, the site of a major battle of the Second Punic War in 217 BCE) was a German defensive line during the Italian Campaign of World War II.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Trasimene Line · See more »

Tunis

Tunis (تونس) is the capital and the largest city of Tunisia.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Tunis · See more »

Tunisian Campaign

The Tunisian Campaign (also known as the Battle of Tunisia) was a series of battles that took place in Tunisia during the North African Campaign of the Second World War, between Axis and Allied forces.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Tunisian Campaign · See more »

United States

The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and United States · See more »

United States Army

The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and United States Army · See more »

United States Army North

The United States Army North is a formation of the United States Army Service Component Command of United States Northern Command.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and United States Army North · See more »

V Corps (United Kingdom)

V Corps was a corps-sized formation of the British Army that saw service in both World War I and World War II.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and V Corps (United Kingdom) · See more »

Vichy France

Vichy France (Régime de Vichy) is the common name of the French State (État français) headed by Marshal Philippe Pétain during World War II.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Vichy France · See more »

Vichy French Air Force

The Vichy French Air Force (Armée de l'air de Vichy) was the aerial branch of the armed forces of Vichy France - the government of France that collaborated with the Axis powers following the defeat of France by Germany in 1940.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Vichy French Air Force · See more »

Victoria Cross

The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest award of the British honours system.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Victoria Cross · See more »

Volturno Line

The Volturno Line (also known as the Viktor Line) was a German defensive position in Italy during the Italian Campaign of World War II.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Volturno Line · See more »

Vyvyan Evelegh

Major General Vyvyan Evelegh, (14 December 1898 – 27 August 1958) was a senior officer of the British Army during the Second World War, commanding the 78th Infantry Division (otherwise known as the Battleaxe Division) and the 6th Armoured Division in Tunisia and Italy.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Vyvyan Evelegh · See more »

Wallace Le Patourel

Brigadier Herbert Wallace Le Patourel VC (20 June 1916–4 September 1979) was a British recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Wallace Le Patourel · See more »

Western Desert Campaign

The Western Desert Campaign (Desert War), took place in the deserts of Egypt and Libya and was the main theatre in the North African Campaign during the Second World War.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Western Desert Campaign · See more »

Winter Line

The Winter Line was a series of German and Italian military fortifications in Italy, constructed during World War II by Organisation Todt and commanded by Albert Kesselring.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and Winter Line · See more »

World War II

World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and World War II · See more »

XXX Corps (United Kingdom)

XXX Corps (30 Corps) was a corps of the British Army during the Second World War.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and XXX Corps (United Kingdom) · See more »

11th Infantry Brigade and Headquarters South East

The 11th Infantry Brigade and Headquarters South East is a regular British Army brigade formation that is part of the Army’s 'Adaptable Force' meaning it has operational units under command, as well as regional responsibilities across the South East of England.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and 11th Infantry Brigade and Headquarters South East · See more »

168th Infantry Regiment (United States)

The 168th Infantry Regiment ("Third Iowa") is an infantry regiment of the United States Army.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and 168th Infantry Regiment (United States) · See more »

1st Armoured Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)

The 1st Armoured Infantry Brigade is an infantry brigade of the British Army with a long history including service during both World War I and World War II.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and 1st Armoured Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom) · See more »

36th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom)

The 36th Infantry Brigade was an infantry brigade formation of British Army that fought in World War I, as part of 12th (Eastern) Division, on the Western Front.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and 36th Infantry Brigade (United Kingdom) · See more »

38th (Irish) Brigade

The 38 (Irish) Brigade, is an infantry brigade formation of the British Army that served in World War II.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and 38th (Irish) Brigade · See more »

39th Infantry Regiment (United States)

The 39th Infantry Regiment is a parent regiment in the United States Army.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and 39th Infantry Regiment (United States) · See more »

5th (Huntingdonshire) Battalion, Northamptonshire Regiment

The Huntingdonshire Cyclist Battalion was a bicycle infantry battalion of the British Army.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and 5th (Huntingdonshire) Battalion, Northamptonshire Regiment · See more »

6th Armoured Division (United Kingdom)

The 6th Armoured Division was an armoured division of the British Army, created in September 1940 during the Second World War.

New!!: 78th Infantry Division (United Kingdom) and 6th Armoured Division (United Kingdom) · See more »

Redirects here:

British 78th Infantry Division.

References

[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/78th_Infantry_Division_(United_Kingdom)

OutgoingIncoming
Hey! We are on Facebook now! »