120 relations: Air Defence of Great Britain, Allies of World War II, Anti-aircraft warfare, Anti-tank warfare, Artillery, Artillery tractor, Atlantic Wall, Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Australian Armour and Artillery Museum, Aviation Museum Hannover-Laatzen, Axle, Battle of Arras (1940), Battle of France, Battle of Stalingrad, Battle of the Ebro, Blitzkrieg, Bofors, Bofors 75 mm Model 1929, Bogie, Bombing of Helsinki in World War II, Caliber (artillery), Canadian War Museum, Cannone da 90/53, Cavalry Tank Museum, Ahmednagar, Char B1, Condor Legion, Defence of the Reich, Eastern Front (World War II), Eighth Army (United Kingdom), Elefant, Erwin Rommel, Fighter aircraft, Flak tower, General der Flakartillerie, German Tank Museum, Gun shield, Half-track, Halfaya Pass, Hans von Luck, Heavy tank, Historical Military Museum of Cartagena (Spain), HMS Sikh (F82), HMS Zulu (F18), Hydraulic recoil mechanism, Hyrylä, Imperial German Navy, Imperial Japanese Army, Imperial War Museum, Imperial War Museum Duxford, Jagdpanther, ..., Janusz Piekałkiewicz, Kliment Voroshilov tank, Krupp, Kuomintang, Libya, List of anti-tank guns, Luftwaffe, M-87 Orkan, M26 Pershing, M3 Stuart, M36 tank destroyer, M4 Sherman, Matilda II, Military Aviation Museum, Military Museum, Belgrade, Multiple rocket launcher, Museum of Military History, Vienna, Muzzle brake, Muzzle velocity, Nashorn, National Military Museum, Romania, National Museum of the United States Air Force, Nazi Germany, Nazism, Näsijärvi, North African Campaign, Operation Agreement, Operation Barbarossa, Operation Goodwood, Operation Torch, Outrigger, Overloon War Museum, Panther II tank, Paul Fussell, Pedestal, Peter Jackson, Proximity fuze, QF 3.7-inch AA gun, Reichsmark, Rheinmetall, Royal Navy, Sd.Kfz. 7, Second Sino-Japanese War, South African National Museum of Military History, Spanish Civil War, T-34, Tank destroyer, Tiger I, Tiger II, Tobruk, Treaty of Versailles, Tunisia, University Press of Kansas, Würzburg radar, World War I, World War II, Yangtze, Yugoslav People's Army, Yugoslav Wars, 10.5 cm FlaK 38, 12.8 cm FlaK 40, 3.7 cm KwK 36, 37 mm Gun M3, 5 cm KwK 38, 75 mm Gun M2/M3/M6, 8.8 cm KwK 36, 8.8 cm KwK 43, 8.8 cm Pak 43, 85 mm air defense gun M1939 (52-K), 90 mm Gun M1/M2/M3. Expand index (70 more) » « Shrink index
The Air Defence of Great Britain (ADGB) was a RAF command comprising substantial army and RAF elements responsible for the air defence of the British Isles.
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that together opposed the Axis powers during the Second World War (1939–1945).
Anti-aircraft warfare or counter-air defence is defined by NATO as "all measures designed to nullify or reduce the effectiveness of hostile air action."AAP-6 They include ground-and air-based weapon systems, associated sensor systems, command and control arrangements and passive measures (e.g. barrage balloons).
Anti-tank warfare arose as a result of the need to develop technology and tactics to destroy tanks during World War I. Since the first tanks were developed by the Triple Entente in 1916 but not operated in battle until 1917, the first anti-tank weapons were developed by the German Empire.
Artillery is a class of large military weapons built to fire munitions far beyond the range and power of infantry's small arms.
An artillery tractor, also referred to as a gun tractor, is a specialized heavy-duty form of tractor unit used to tow artillery pieces of varying weights and calibres.
The Atlantic Wall (Atlantikwall) was an extensive system of coastal defence and fortifications built by Nazi Germany between 1942 and 1944 along the coast of continental Europe and Scandinavia as a defence against an anticipated Allied invasion of Nazi-occupied Europe from the United Kingdom during World War II.
During the final stage of World War II, the United States detonated two nuclear weapons over the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9, 1945, respectively.
The Australian Armour and Artillery Museum is a museum dedicated to tanks, armoured vehicles and artillery from the Second World War and post war periods.
The Aviation Museum Hannover-Laatzen (Luftfahrtmuseum Hannover-Laatzen) is a permanent exhibition in Laatzen of the history of aviation.
An axle is a central shaft for a rotating wheel or gear.
The Battle of Arras, part of the Battle of France, took place during the Second World War on 21 May 1940.
The Battle of France, also known as the Fall of France, was the German invasion of France and the Low Countries during the Second World War.
The Battle of Stalingrad (23 August 1942 – 2 February 1943) was the largest confrontation of World War II, in which Germany and its allies fought the Soviet Union for control of the city of Stalingrad (now Volgograd) in Southern Russia.
The Battle of the Ebro (Batalla del Ebro, Batalla de l'Ebre) was the longest and largest battle of the Spanish Civil War.
Blitzkrieg (German, "lightning war") is a method of warfare whereby an attacking force, spearheaded by a dense concentration of armoured and motorised or mechanised infantry formations with close air support, breaks through the opponent's line of defence by short, fast, powerful attacks and then dislocates the defenders, using speed and surprise to encircle them with the help of air superiority.
Bofors AB is a Swedish arms manufacturer.
Bofors 75 mm and Bofors 80 mm were two closely related designs of anti-aircraft and general-purpose artillery.
A bogie (in some senses called a truck in North American English) is a chassis or framework carrying wheelsets, attached to a vehicle, thus serving as a modular subassembly of wheels and axles.
The capital of Finland, Helsinki was bombed several times during World War II.
In artillery, caliber or calibredifference in British English and American English spelling is the internal diameter of a gun barrel, or by extension a relative measure of the length.
The Canadian War Museum (CWM) (Musée canadien de la guerre) is Canada's national museum of military history.
The Cannone da 90/53 was an Italian-designed cannon used both in an anti-aircraft role and as an anti-tank gun during World War II.
Cavalry Tank Museum is a military museum in Ahmednagar in the state of Maharashtra, India.
The Char B1 was a French heavy tank manufactured before World War II.
The Condor Legion (Legion Condor) was a unit composed of military personnel from the air force and army of Nazi Germany, which served with the Nationalists during the Spanish Civil War of July 1936 to March 1939.
The Defence of the Reich (Reichsverteidigung) is the name given to the strategic defensive aerial campaign fought by the Luftwaffe over German-occupied Europe and Nazi Germany during World War II.
The Eastern Front of World War II was a theatre of conflict between the European Axis powers and co-belligerent Finland against the Soviet Union, Poland and other Allies, which encompassed Central Europe, Eastern Europe, Northeast Europe (Baltics), and Southeast Europe (Balkans) from 22 June 1941 to 9 May 1945.
The Eighth Army was a field army formation of the British Army during the Second World War, fighting in the North African and Italian campaigns.
The Elefant (German for "elephant") was a heavy tank destroyer used by German Wehrmacht Panzerjäger during World War II.
Erwin Rommel (15 November 1891 – 14 October 1944) was a German general and military theorist.
A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat against other aircraft, as opposed to bombers and attack aircraft, whose main mission is to attack ground targets.
Flak towers (Flaktürme) were eight complexes of large, above-ground, anti-aircraft gun blockhouse towers constructed by Nazi Germany in the cities of Berlin (3), Hamburg (2), and Vienna (3) from 1940 onwards.
General der Flakartillerie (en: General of anti-aircraft artillery) was a General of the branch rank of the Luftwaffe (en: German Air Force) in Nazi Germany.
The German Tank Museum (Deutsches Panzermuseum Munster (DPM)) at www.deutsches-panzermuseum.de.
U.S. Marine manning an M240 machine gun equipped with a gun shield A gun shield is a flat (or sometimes curved) piece of armor designed to be mounted on a crew-served weapon such as a machine gun or artillery piece, or, more rarely, to be used with an assault rifle.
A half-track is a civilian or military vehicle with regular wheels at the front for steering and continuous tracks at the back to propel the vehicle and carry most of the load.
Halfaya Pass (مَمَرّ حَلْفَيَا translit., known colloquially as Hellfire Pass) is located in Egypt, near the border with Libya.
Hans–Ulrich Freiherr von Luck und Witten (15 July 1911 – 1 August 1997), usually shortened to Hans von Luck, was a German officer in the Wehrmacht of Nazi Germany during World War II.
A heavy tank was a class of tank that generally provided better armour protection as well as equal or greater firepower than tanks of lighter classes, often at the cost of mobility and manoeuvrability and, particularly, expense.
The Museo Histórico Militar de Cartagena (Historical Military Museum of Cartagena) is a military museum dedicated to Spanish Army History, and is located in Cartagena, Spain.
HMS Sikh was a destroyer of the British Royal Navy.
The second HMS Zulu was a destroyer of the Royal Navy.
A hydraulic recoil mechanism is a way of limiting the effects of recoil and adding to the accuracy and firepower of an artillery piece.
Hyrylä (Skavaböle) is one of the three villages and the administrative centre of Tuusula, with a population of about 19,500 residents.
The Imperial German Navy ("Imperial Navy") was the navy created at the time of the formation of the German Empire.
The Imperial Japanese Army (IJA; Dai-Nippon Teikoku Rikugun; "Army of the Greater Japanese Empire") was the official ground-based armed force of the Empire of Japan from 1868 to 1945.
Imperial War Museums (IWM) is a British national museum organisation with branches at five locations in England, three of which are in London.
Imperial War Museum Duxford is a branch of the Imperial War Museum near Duxford in Cambridgeshire, England.
The Jagdpanther (German: "hunting panther"), SdKfz 173, is a tank destroyer built by Nazi Germany during World War II based on the chassis of the Panther tank.
Janusz Piekałkiewicz (1925 in Warsaw – March 9, 1988) was a Polish underground soldier, historian, writer, as well as a television and cinema director and producer.
The Kliment Voroshilov (KV) tanks were a series of Soviet heavy tanks named after the Soviet defence commissar and politician Kliment Voroshilov and used by the Red Army during World War II.
The Krupp family (see pronunciation), a prominent 400-year-old German dynasty from Essen, became famous for their production of steel, artillery, ammunition, and other armaments.
The Kuomintang of China (KMT; often translated as the Nationalist Party of China) is a major political party in the Republic of China on Taiwan, based in Taipei and is currently the opposition political party in the Legislative Yuan.
Libya (ليبيا), officially the State of Libya (دولة ليبيا), is a sovereign state in the Maghreb region of North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south and Algeria and Tunisia to the west.
Anti-tank guns are typically high-velocity guns designed to fire anti-tank shells.
The Luftwaffe was the aerial warfare branch of the combined German Wehrmacht military forces during World War II.
The M-87 Orkan is a Yugoslav self-propelled multiple rocket launcher.
The M26 Pershing was a heavy tank/medium tank of the United States Army.
The M3 Stuart, officially Light Tank, M3, was an American light tank of World War II.
The M36 tank destroyer, formally 90 mm Gun Motor Carriage, M36, was an American tank destroyer used during World War II.
The M4 Sherman, officially Medium Tank, M4, was the most widely used medium tank by the United States and Western Allies in World War II.
The Infantry Tank Mark II, best known as the Matilda, was a British infantry tank of the Second World War.
The Military Aviation Museum in Virginia Beach, Virginia, is home to one of the world's largest collections of warbirds in flying condition.
The Military Museum (Vojni muzej) in Belgrade was founded in 1878.
A multiple rocket launcher (MRL) or multiple launch rocket system (MLRS) is a type of rocket artillery system.
The Museum of Military History – Military History Institute (Heeresgeschichtliches Museum – Militärhistorisches Institut) in Vienna is the leading museum of the Austrian Armed Forces.
A muzzle brake or recoil compensator is a device connected to the muzzle of a firearm or cannon that redirects propellant gases to counter recoil and unwanted rising of the barrel.
Muzzle velocity is the speed of a projectile at the moment it leaves the muzzle of a gun.
Nashorn (German "rhinoceros", pronounced), initially known as Hornisse (German "hornet"), was a German tank destroyer of World War II.
The National Military Museum (Muzeul Militar Naţional), located at 125-127 Mircea Vulcănescu St., Bucharest, Romania, was established in 1923 by King Ferdinand.
The National Museum of the United States Air Force (formerly the United States Air Force Museum) is the official museum of the United States Air Force located at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, northeast of Dayton, Ohio.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
National Socialism (Nationalsozialismus), more commonly known as Nazism, is the ideology and practices associated with the Nazi Party – officially the National Socialist German Workers' Party (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei or NSDAP) – in Nazi Germany, and of other far-right groups with similar aims.
Näsijärvi is a lake above sea level, in the Pirkanmaa region of southern Finland.
The North African Campaign of the Second World War took place in North Africa from 10 June 1940 to 13 May 1943.
Operation Agreement comprised a series of ground and amphibious operations carried out by British, Rhodesian and New Zealand forces on Axis-held Tobruk from 13–14 September 1942, during the Second World War.
Operation Barbarossa (German: Unternehmen Barbarossa) was the code name for the Axis invasion of the Soviet Union, which started on Sunday, 22 June 1941, during World War II.
Operation Goodwood was a British offensive in the Second World War, that took place between 18 and 20 July 1944 as part of the battle for Caen in Normandy, France.
Operation Torch (8–16 November 1942, formerly Operation Gymnast) was a Anglo–American invasion of French North Africa, during the North African Campaign of the Second World War.
An outrigger is a projecting structure on a boat, with specific meaning depending on types of vessel.
The Overloon War Museum (Dutch: Oorlogsmuseum Overloon) is located in Overloon, Netherlands.
The Panther II tank was a German tank design proposal, based on the Panther tank during the Second World War. It had thicker armour when compared with the Panther and some standardised components were implemented from the Tiger II tank.
Paul Fussell, Jr. (22 March 1924 – 23 May 2012) was an American cultural and literary historian, author and university professor.
A pedestal (from French piédestal, Italian piedistallo, "foot of a stall") or plinth is the support of a statue or a vase.
Sir Peter Robert Jackson (born 31 October 1961) is a New Zealand film director, screenwriter and film producer.
A proximity fuze is a fuze that detonates an explosive device automatically when the distance to the target becomes smaller than a predetermined value.
The QF 3.7-inch AA was Britain's primary heavy anti-aircraft gun during World War II.
The Reichsmark (sign: ℛℳ) was the currency in Germany from 1924 until 20 June 1948 in West Germany, where it was replaced with the Deutsche Mark, and until 23 June in East Germany when it was replaced by the East German mark.
Rheinmetall AG has a presence in two corporate sectors (automotive and defence) with six divisions, and is headquartered in Düsseldorf, Germany.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
The Second Sino-Japanese War was a military conflict fought primarily between the Republic of China and the Empire of Japan from July 7, 1937, to September 2, 1945.
The South African National War Museum in Johannesburg was officially opened by Prime Minister Jan Smuts on 29 August 1947 to preserve the history of South Africa's involvement in the Second World War.
The Spanish Civil War (Guerra Civil Española),Also known as The Crusade (La Cruzada) among Nationalists, the Fourth Carlist War (Cuarta Guerra Carlista) among Carlists, and The Rebellion (La Rebelión) or Uprising (Sublevación) among Republicans.
The T-34 is a Soviet medium tank that had a profound and lasting effect on the field of tank design.
A tank destroyer or tank hunter is a type of armoured fighting vehicle, armed with a direct-fire artillery gun or missile launcher, with limited operational capacities and designed specifically to engage enemy tanks.
The Tiger I is a German heavy tank of World War II deployed from 1942 in Africa and Europe, usually in independent heavy tank battalions.
The Tiger II is a German heavy tank of the Second World War.
Tobruk or Tubruq (Αντίπυργος) (طبرق Ṭubruq; also transliterated as Tóbruch, Tobruch, Tobruck and Tubruk) is a port city on Libya's eastern Mediterranean coast, near the border of Egypt.
The Treaty of Versailles (Traité de Versailles) was the most important of the peace treaties that brought World War I to an end.
Tunisia (تونس; Berber: Tunes, ⵜⵓⵏⴻⵙ; Tunisie), officially the Republic of Tunisia, (الجمهورية التونسية) is a sovereign state in Northwest Africa, covering. Its northernmost point, Cape Angela, is the northernmost point on the African continent. It is bordered by Algeria to the west and southwest, Libya to the southeast, and the Mediterranean Sea to the north and east. Tunisia's population was estimated to be just under 11.93 million in 2016. Tunisia's name is derived from its capital city, Tunis, which is located on its northeast coast. Geographically, Tunisia contains the eastern end of the Atlas Mountains, and the northern reaches of the Sahara desert. Much of the rest of the country's land is fertile soil. Its of coastline include the African conjunction of the western and eastern parts of the Mediterranean Basin and, by means of the Sicilian Strait and Sardinian Channel, feature the African mainland's second and third nearest points to Europe after Gibraltar. Tunisia is a unitary semi-presidential representative democratic republic. It is considered to be the only full democracy in the Arab World. It has a high human development index. It has an association agreement with the European Union; is a member of La Francophonie, the Union for the Mediterranean, the Arab Maghreb Union, the Arab League, the OIC, the Greater Arab Free Trade Area, the Community of Sahel-Saharan States, the African Union, the Non-Aligned Movement, the Group of 77; and has obtained the status of major non-NATO ally of the United States. In addition, Tunisia is also a member state of the United Nations and a state party to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court. Close relations with Europe in particular with France and with Italy have been forged through economic cooperation, privatisation and industrial modernization. In ancient times, Tunisia was primarily inhabited by Berbers. Phoenician immigration began in the 12th century BC; these immigrants founded Carthage. A major mercantile power and a military rival of the Roman Republic, Carthage was defeated by the Romans in 146 BC. The Romans, who would occupy Tunisia for most of the next eight hundred years, introduced Christianity and left architectural legacies like the El Djem amphitheater. After several attempts starting in 647, the Muslims conquered the whole of Tunisia by 697, followed by the Ottoman Empire between 1534 and 1574. The Ottomans held sway for over three hundred years. The French colonization of Tunisia occurred in 1881. Tunisia gained independence with Habib Bourguiba and declared the Tunisian Republic in 1957. In 2011, the Tunisian Revolution resulted in the overthrow of President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, followed by parliamentary elections. The country voted for parliament again on 26 October 2014, and for President on 23 November 2014.
The University Press of Kansas is a publisher located in Lawrence, KS that represents the six state universities in the US state of Kansas: Emporia State University, Fort Hays State University, Kansas State University (K-State), Pittsburg State University, the University of Kansas (KU), and Wichita State University.
The low-UHF band Würzburg radar was the primary ground-based gun laying radar for the Luftwaffe and the Wehrmacht Heer (German Army) during World War II.
World War I (often abbreviated as WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War, the Great War, or the War to End All Wars, was a global war originating in Europe that lasted from 28 July 1914 to 11 November 1918.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The Yangtze, which is 6,380 km (3,964 miles) long, is the longest river in Asia and the third-longest in the world.
The Yugoslav People's Army (Jugoslovenska narodna armija / Југословенска народна армија / Jugoslavenska narodna armija; also Yugoslav National Army), often referred-to simply by the initialism JNA, was the military of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
The Yugoslav Wars were a series of ethnic conflicts, wars of independence and insurgencies fought from 1991 to 1999/2001 in the former Yugoslavia.
The 10.5 cm FlaK 38 was a German anti-aircraft gun used during World War II by the Luftwaffe.
The 12.8 cm FlaK 40 was a German World War II anti-aircraft gun.
The 3.7 cm KwK 36 L/45 (3.7 cm Kampfwagenkanone 36 L/45) was a German 3.7 cm cannon used primarily as the main armament of earlier variants of the German SdKfz.141 Panzerkampfwagen III medium tank.
The 37 mm Gun M3 is the first dedicated anti-tank gun fielded by United States forces in numbers.
The 5 cm KwK 38 L/42 (5 cm Kampfwagenkanone 38 L/42) was a German 50 mm calibre cannon used as the main armament of variants of the German SdKfz.141 Panzerkampfwagen III medium tank during the Second World War.
The US 75 mm gun tank gun M2 and the later M3 were the standard American tank guns of World War II, used primarily on the two main American medium tanks of the war, the M3 Lee (M2 or M3 gun) and the M4 Sherman (M3 gun).
The 8.8 cm KwK 36 L/56 (8,8 cm Kampfwagenkanone 36 L/56) was an 88 mm tank gun used by the German Army during World War II.
The 8.8 cm KwK 43 L/71 (Kampfwagenkanone —"fighting vehicle cannon") was an 88 mm 71 calibre tank gun designed by Krupp and used by the German Wehrmacht during the Second World War.
The Pak 43 (Panzerabwehrkanone 43 and Panzerjägerkanone 43) was a German 88 mm anti-tank gun developed by Krupp in competition with the Rheinmetall 8.8 cm Flak 41 anti-aircraft gun and used during World War II.
The 85 mm air defense gun M1939 (52-K) (85-мм зенитная пушка обр.) was an 85-mm Soviet air defense gun, developed under guidance of leading Soviet designers M. N. Loginov and G. D. Dorokhin.
The 90–mm Gun M1/M2/M3 is an American heavy anti-aircraft and anti-tank gun, playing a role similar to the German 8.8cm Flak 18.
8.8 cm FlaK 18, 8.8 cm FlaK 18/36/37/41, 8.8 cm FlaK 41, 8.8 cm Flak 18, 8.8 cm Flak 18/36/37, 8.8 cm Flak 36, 8.8 cm Flak 37, 8.8 cm Flak 41, 8.8cm FlaK 41, 8.8cm Flak 18, 8.8cm Flak 36, 8.8cm Flak 37, 8.8cm Flak 41, 88 ITK 37, 88 mm gun, 88mm, 88mm antitank gun, 88mm flak gun, 88mm gun, 88mm. gun, 88mms, Acht-Acht, Acht-Achter, Eight-eighter, Flack 88, Flak 88, German 88, German 88mm antitank gun, German 88mm gun, German Flak, German Flak 88.