151 relations: Air supremacy, Ambon Island, American-British-Dutch-Australian Command, Amphibious warfare, Anti-aircraft warfare, Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders, Arthur Percival, Asia-Pacific, Australia in the War of 1939–1945, Australian Army, Australian War Memorial, Battle of Ambon, Battle of Rabaul (1942), Battle of Singapore, Battle of Timor, Bougainville Campaign, Brigade, Brigadier, British Far East Command, British Indian Army, British Malaya, Caroline Islands, Cecil Callaghan, Charles Groves Wright Anderson, Chuuk Lagoon, Colony, Commando, Darwin, Northern Territory, Dili, Division (military), Duncan Maxwell, Dutch East Indies, Edmund Lind (medical officer), Encirclement, Endau, Eric Plant, Flying boat, French Indochina, Gemas, Gordon Bennett (general), Government of Australia, Hainan, Harold Burfield Taylor, HMAS Swan (U74), HMAS Warrego (U73), HMS Prince of Wales (53), HMS Repulse (1916), III Corps (Australia), III Corps (India), Imperial Guard (Japan), ..., Imperial Japanese Army, Imperial Japanese Navy, Indigenous peoples, Indonesia, Infantry, Jock McLaren, John Curtin, John Joseph Scanlan (soldier), Johor–Singapore Causeway, Kuala Lumpur, Kupang, Lieutenant colonel, Lieutenant general, Lieutenant-general (United Kingdom), Light bomber, Lockheed Hudson, Luzon, Malaya Command, Malayan Campaign, Mangrove, Mediterranean and Middle East theatre of World War II, Mersing, Military tactics, Muar (town), Muar River, New Britain, New Guinea, New Guinea Volunteer Rifles, New Ireland (island), New South Wales, No. 2 Squadron RAAF, North Africa, Northern Territory Force, Pacific War, Paratrooper, Peninsular Malaysia, Portuguese Army, Portuguese Timor, Prime Minister of Australia, Prisoner of war, Rabaul, Royal Artillery, Royal Australian Air Force, Royal Commission, Royal Netherlands East Indies Army, Royal Netherlands Navy, Sandakan, Sandakan Death Marches, Second Australian Imperial Force, Sinking of Prince of Wales and Repulse, Sparrow Force, Special Naval Landing Forces, SS Montevideo Maru, Sultan of Johor, Tank, Tasmania, Thailand, Timor, Tomoyuki Yamashita, Unit Colour Patch, United States Army, United States Army Air Forces, United States Navy, USS Sturgeon (SS-187), Vernon Sturdee, Vichy France, Victoria (Australia), Victoria Cross, W. C. D. Veale, West Timor, William Leggatt, World War II, 2/10th Field Regiment (Australia), 2/11th Field Regiment (Australia), 2/14th Field Regiment (Australia), 2/15th Field Regiment (Australia), 2/18th Battalion (Australia), 2/19th Battalion (Australia), 2/20th Battalion (Australia), 2/21st Battalion (Australia), 2/22nd Battalion (Australia), 2/26th Battalion (Australia), 2/29th Battalion (Australia), 2/2nd Commando Squadron (Australia), 2/30th Battalion (Australia), 2/40th Battalion (Australia), 2/4th Machine Gun Battalion (Australia), 2/9th Cavalry Commando Regiment (Australia), 2/9th Field Regiment (Australia), 22nd Brigade (Australia), 23rd Brigade (Australia), 24th Brigade (Australia), 27th Battalion (Australia), 27th Brigade (Australia), 45th Indian Infantry Brigade, 5th Division (Australia), 79th Light Anti-Aircraft Battery, 7th Battalion (Australia), 7th Division (Australia), 8th Battalion (Australia), 9th Division (Australia). Expand index (101 more) » « Shrink index
Air supremacy is a position in war where a side holds complete control of air warfare and air power over opposing forces.
Ambon Island is part of the Maluku Islands of Indonesia.
The American-British-Dutch-Australian (ABDA) Command, or ABDACOM, was a short-lived, supreme command for all Allied forces in South East Asia, in early 1942, during the Pacific War in World War II.
Amphibious warfare is a type of offensive military operation that today uses naval ships to project ground and air power onto a hostile or potentially hostile shore at a designated landing beach.
Anti-aircraft warfare or counter-air defence is defined by NATO as "all measures designed to nullify or reduce the effectiveness of hostile air action."AAP-6 They include ground-and air-based weapon systems, associated sensor systems, command and control arrangements and passive measures (e.g. barrage balloons).
The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's) was a line infantry regiment of the British Army that existed from 1881 until amalgamation into the Royal Regiment of Scotland on 28 March 2006, from when it became a single battalion in the Royal Regiment of Scotland.
Lieutenant-General Arthur Ernest Percival, (26 December 1887 – 31 January 1966) was a senior British Army officer.
Asia-Pacific or Asia Pacific (abbreviated as APAC, Asia-Pac, AsPac, APJ, JAPA or JAPAC) is the part of the world in or near the Western Pacific Ocean.
Australia in the War of 1939–1945 is a 22-volume official history series covering Australian involvement in the Second World War.
The Australian Army is Australia's military land force.
The Australian War Memorial is Australia's national memorial to the members of its armed forces and supporting organisations who have died or participated in wars involving the Commonwealth of Australia.
The Battle of Ambon (30 January – 3 February 1942) occurred on the island of Ambon in the Dutch East Indies (Indonesia), during World War II.
The Battle of Rabaul, also known by the Japanese as Operation R, was fought on the island of New Britain in the Australian Territory of New Guinea, in January and February 1942.
The Battle of Singapore, also known as the Fall of Singapore, was fought in the South-East Asian theatre of World War II when the Empire of Japan invaded the British stronghold of Singapore—nicknamed the "Gibraltar of the East".
The Battle of Timor occurred in Portuguese Timor and Dutch Timor during the Second World War.
The Bougainville Campaign was a series of land and naval battles of the Pacific campaign of World War II between Allied forces and the Empire of Japan.
A brigade is a major tactical military formation that is typically composed of three to six battalions plus supporting elements.
Brigadier is a military rank, the seniority of which depends on the country.
The Far East Command was a British military command which had 2 distinct periods.
The Indian Army (IA), often known since 1947 (but rarely during its existence) as the British Indian Army to distinguish it from the current Indian Army, was the principal military of the British Indian Empire before its decommissioning in 1947.
The term British Malaya loosely describes a set of states on the Malay Peninsula and the island of Singapore that were brought under British control between the 18th and the 20th centuries.
The Caroline Islands (or the Carolines) are a widely scattered archipelago of tiny islands in the southwestern Pacific Ocean, to the north of New Guinea.
Major General Cecil Arthur Callaghan, (31 July 1890 – 1 January 1967) was an Australian Army officer who served during the First and the Second World Wars.
Charles Groves Wright Anderson, VC, MC (12 February 1897 – 11 November 1988) was a South African-born soldier, Australian recipient of the Victoria Cross, a member of the Australian House of Representatives, and a farmer.
Chuuk Lagoon, also previously known as Truk Lagoon, is a sheltered body of water in the central Pacific.
In history, a colony is a territory under the immediate complete political control of a state, distinct from the home territory of the sovereign.
A commando is a soldier or operative of an elite light infantry or special operations force often specializing in amphibious landings, parachuting or abseiling.
Darwin is the capital city of the Northern Territory of Australia.
Dili (Portuguese/Tetum: Díli, Indonesian: Kota Dili), also known as “City of Peace”, is the capital, largest city, chief port, and commercial centre of Timor-Leste (East Timor).
A division is a large military unit or formation, usually consisting of between 10,000 and 20,000 soldiers.
Brigadier Duncan Stuart Maxwell, MC (8 January 1892 – 21 December 1969), also known as Duncan Struan Maxwell, was a medical practitioner and an Australian Army officer who served in the First and the Second World Wars.
The Dutch East Indies (or Netherlands East-Indies; Nederlands(ch)-Indië; Hindia Belanda) was a Dutch colony consisting of what is now Indonesia.
Brigadier Edmund Frank Lind, (23 December 1888 – 2 May 1944) was an Australian medical practitioner and soldier.
Encirclement is a military term for the situation when a force or target is isolated and surrounded by enemy forces.
Endau is a small town in Mersing District, Johor, Malaysia.
Major General Eric Clive Pegus Plant, (23 April 1890 – 17 May 1950) was an officer in the Australian Army who served during the First and Second World Wars.
A flying boat is a fixed-winged seaplane with a hull, allowing it to land on water, that usually has no type of landing gear to allow operation on land.
French Indochina (previously spelled as French Indo-China) (French: Indochine française; Lao: ສະຫະພັນອິນດູຈີນ; Khmer: សហភាពឥណ្ឌូចិន; Vietnamese: Đông Dương thuộc Pháp/東洋屬法,, frequently abbreviated to Đông Pháp; Chinese: 法属印度支那), officially known as the Indochinese Union (French: Union indochinoise) after 1887 and the Indochinese Federation (French: Fédération indochinoise) after 1947, was a grouping of French colonial territories in Southeast Asia.
Gemas (Jawi: ڬيمس, Chinese: 金马士,, Tamil: கிமாஸ், Minangkabau: Gomeh) is a small town in Tampin District, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia, near the Negeri Sembilan-Johor state border.
Lieutenant General Henry Gordon Bennett (15 April 1887 – 1 August 1962) was a senior Australian Army officer who served in both World War I and World War II.
The Government of the Commonwealth of Australia (also referred to as the Australian Government, the Commonwealth Government, or the Federal Government) is the government of the Commonwealth of Australia, a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy.
Hainan is the smallest and southernmost province of the People's Republic of China (PRC), consisting of various islands in the South China Sea.
Brigadier Harold Burfield Taylor, (10 August 1890 – 15 March 1966) was an analytical chemist and an Australian Army officer who served in the First and the Second World Wars.
HMAS Swan (U74/F74/A427), named for the Swan River, was a ''Grimsby''-class sloop of the Royal Australian Navy (RAN) that served during World War II.
HMAS Warrego (L73/U73), named for the Warrego River, was a ''Grimsby'' class sloop of the Royal Australian Navy (RAN).
HMS Prince of Wales was a ''King George V''-class battleship of the Royal Navy, built at the Cammell Laird shipyard in Birkenhead, England.
HMS Repulse was a of the Royal Navy built during the First World War.
III Corps was an Australian Army unit during World War II.
The III Corps was a formation of the Indian Army during World War I formed in Mesopotamia.
The Japanese is an organization which is dedicated to protection of the Emperor of Japan and his family, palaces and other imperial properties.
The Imperial Japanese Army (IJA; Dai-Nippon Teikoku Rikugun; "Army of the Greater Japanese Empire") was the official ground-based armed force of the Empire of Japan from 1868 to 1945.
The Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN; Kyūjitai: 大日本帝國海軍 Shinjitai: 大日本帝国海軍 or 日本海軍 Nippon Kaigun, "Navy of the Greater Japanese Empire") was the navy of the Empire of Japan from 1868 until 1945, when it was dissolved following Japan's defeat and surrender in World War II.
Indigenous peoples, also known as first peoples, aboriginal peoples or native peoples, are ethnic groups who are the pre-colonial original inhabitants of a given region, in contrast to groups that have settled, occupied or colonized the area more recently.
Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.
Infantry is the branch of an army that engages in military combat on foot, distinguished from cavalry, artillery, and tank forces.
Robert Kerr "Jock" McLaren MC & Bar (27 April 1902 – 3 March 1956) was a decorated Australian Army officer, who rose from enlisted rank and was noted for his involvement in guerrilla operations against the Japanese during World War II.
John Curtin (8 January 1885 – 5 July 1945) was an Australian politician who served as the 14th Prime Minister of Australia, in office from 1941 to his death in 1945.
Lieutenant Colonel John Joseph Scanlan DSO & Bar (19 October 1890 – 6 December 1962) was an Australian Army officer who served during the First and Second World Wars.
The Johor–Singapore Causeway (Tambak Johor) is a 1,056-metre causeway that links the city of Johor Bahru in Malaysia across the Straits of Johor to the town of Woodlands in Singapore.
Kuala Lumpur, officially the Federal Territory of Kuala Lumpur (Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur), or commonly known as KL, is the national capital of Malaysia as well as its largest city in the country.
Kupang (Kota Kupang,; Dutch spelling: Koepang) is the capital of the Indonesian province of East Nusa Tenggara, and has an estimated population in 2011 of 349,344.
Lieutenant colonel is a rank of commissioned officer in the armies, most marine forces and some air forces of the world, above a major and below a colonel.
Lieutenant general, lieutenant-general and similar (abbrev Lt Gen, LTG and similar) is a three-star military rank (NATO code OF-8) used in many countries.
Lieutenant general (Lt Gen), formerly more commonly lieutenant-general, is a senior rank in the British Army and the Royal Marines.
A light bomber is a relatively small and fast type of military bomber aircraft that was primarily employed before the 1950s.
The Lockheed Hudson was an American-built light bomber and coastal reconnaissance aircraft built initially for the Royal Air Force shortly before the outbreak of the Second World War and primarily operated by the RAF thereafter.
Luzon is the largest and most populous island in the Philippines.
The Malaya Command was a formation of the British Army formed in the 1920s for the coordination of the defences of British Malaya, which comprised the Straits Settlements, the Federated Malay States and the Unfederated Malay States.
The Malayan Campaign was a military campaign fought by Allied and Axis forces in Malaya, from 8 December 1941 – 31 January 1942 during the Second World War.
A mangrove is a shrub or small tree that grows in coastal saline or brackish water.
The Mediterranean and Middle East Theatre was a major theatre of operations during the Second World War.
Mersing is a town, mukim and the capital of Mersing District, Johor, Malaysia.
Military tactics encompasses the art of organising and employing fighting forces on or near the battlefield.
Muar (Jawi:موار) or Bandar Maharani is a historical town and the capital of Muar District, Johor, Malaysia.
The Muar River (Sungai Muar) is a river which flows through the states of Johor, Negeri Sembilan and Pahang in Malaysia.
New Britain (Niu Briten) is the largest island in the Bismarck Archipelago (named after Otto von Bismarck) of Papua New Guinea.
New Guinea (Nugini or, more commonly known, Papua, historically, Irian) is a large island off the continent of Australia.
The New Guinea Volunteer Rifles (NGVR) was an infantry battalion of the Australian Army.
New Ireland (Tok Pisin: Niu Ailan) or Latangai, is a large island in Papua New Guinea, approximately 7,404 km² in area with ca.
New South Wales (abbreviated as NSW) is a state on the east coast of:Australia.
North Africa is a collective term for a group of Mediterranean countries and territories situated in the northern-most region of the African continent.
Northern Territory Force was an Australian Army force responsible for protecting the Northern Territory during World War II.
The Pacific War, sometimes called the Asia-Pacific War, was the theater of World War II that was fought in the Pacific and Asia. It was fought over a vast area that included the Pacific Ocean and islands, the South West Pacific, South-East Asia, and in China (including the 1945 Soviet–Japanese conflict). The Second Sino-Japanese War between the Empire of Japan and the Republic of China had been in progress since 7 July 1937, with hostilities dating back as far as 19 September 1931 with the Japanese invasion of Manchuria. However, it is more widely accepted that the Pacific War itself began on 7/8 December 1941, when Japan invaded Thailand and attacked the British possessions of Malaya, Singapore, and Hong Kong as well as the United States military and naval bases in Hawaii, Wake Island, Guam and the Philippines. The Pacific War saw the Allies pitted against Japan, the latter briefly aided by Thailand and to a much lesser extent by the Axis allied Germany and Italy. The war culminated in the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, and other large aerial bomb attacks by the Allies, accompanied by the Soviet declaration of war and invasion of Manchuria on 9 August 1945, resulting in the Japanese announcement of intent to surrender on 15 August 1945. The formal surrender of Japan ceremony took place aboard the battleship in Tokyo Bay on 2 September 1945. Japan's Shinto Emperor was forced to relinquish much of his authority and his divine status through the Shinto Directive in order to pave the way for extensive cultural and political reforms. After the war, Japan lost all rights and titles to its former possessions in Asia and the Pacific, and its sovereignty was limited to the four main home islands.
Paratroopers are military parachutists—military personnel trained in parachuting into an operation and usually functioning as part of an airborne force.
Peninsular Malaysia also known as Malaya or West Malaysia, is the part of Malaysia which lies on the Malay Peninsula and surrounding islands.
The Portuguese Army (Exército Português) is the land component of the Armed Forces of Portugal and is also its largest branch.
Portuguese Timor (Timor Português) was a Portuguese colony that existed between 1702 and 1975.
The Prime Minister of Australia (sometimes informally abbreviated to PM) is the head of government of Australia.
A prisoner of war (POW) is a person, whether combatant or non-combatant, who is held in custody by a belligerent power during or immediately after an armed conflict.
Rabaul is a township in East New Britain province, on the island of New Britain, in the country of Papua New Guinea.
The Royal Regiment of Artillery, commonly referred to as the Royal Artillery (RA) and colloquially known as "The Gunners", is the artillery arm of the British Army.
The Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF), formed March 1921, is the aerial warfare branch of the Australian Defence Force (ADF).
A Royal Commission is a major ad-hoc formal public inquiry into a defined issue in some monarchies.
The Royal Netherlands East Indies Army (Koninklijk Nederlands Indisch Leger; KNIL) was the military force maintained by the Netherlands in its colony of the Netherlands East Indies (also known as the Dutch East Indies), in areas that are now part of Indonesia.
The Royal Netherlands Navy (Koninklijke Marine, “Royal Navy”) is the navy of the Netherlands.
Sandakan (Jawi) formerly known at various times as Elopura, is the capital of the Sandakan District in Sabah, Malaysia.
The Sandakan Death Marches were a series of forced marches in Borneo from Sandakan to Ranau which resulted in the deaths of 2,345 Allied prisoners of war held captive by the Empire of Japan during the Pacific campaign of World War II in the Sandakan POW Camp.
The Second Australian Imperial Force (Second, or 2nd, AIF) was the name given to the volunteer personnel of the Australian Army in World War II.
The sinking of Prince of Wales and Repulse was a naval engagement in the Second World War, part of the war in the Pacific, that took place north of Singapore, off the east coast of Malaya, near Kuantan, Pahang, where the British Royal Navy battleship and battlecruiser were sunk by land-based bombers and torpedo bombers of the Imperial Japanese Navy on 10 December 1941.
Sparrow Force was a detachment based on the 2/40th Australian Infantry Battalion and other British and Australian 8th Division units during World War II.
The Special Naval Landing Forces (SNLF), (海軍特別陸戦隊 Kaigun Tokubetsu Rikusentai) were the marine troops of the Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN) and were a part of the IJN Land Forces.
Montevideo Maru was a Japanese auxiliary ship that was sunk in World War II, resulting in the drowning of a large number of Australian prisoners of war and civilians being transported from Rabaul.
The Sultan of Johor is a hereditary seat and the sovereign ruler of the Malaysian state of Johor.
A tank is an armoured fighting vehicle designed for front-line combat, with heavy firepower, strong armour, tracks and a powerful engine providing good battlefield maneuverability.
Tasmania (abbreviated as Tas and known colloquially as Tassie) is an island state of Australia.
Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.
Timor is an island at the southern end of Maritime Southeast Asia, north of the Timor Sea.
was an Imperial Japanese Army general during World War II.
Unit Colour Patches (or simply known as Colour Patches) are currently worn on the slouch hat in the Australian Army to identify the wearer's unit.
The United States Army (USA) is the land warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces.
The United States Army Air Forces (USAAF or AAF), informally known as the Air Force, was the aerial warfare service of the United States of America during and immediately after World War II (1939/41–1945), successor to the previous United States Army Air Corps and the direct predecessor of the United States Air Force of today, one of the five uniformed military services.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
USS Sturgeon (SS-187), a ''Salmon''-class submarine, was the second ship of the United States Navy to be named for the sturgeon.
Lieutenant General Sir Vernon Ashton Hobart Sturdee, (16 April 1890 – 25 May 1966) was an Australian Army commander who served two terms as Chief of the General Staff.
Vichy France (Régime de Vichy) is the common name of the French State (État français) headed by Marshal Philippe Pétain during World War II.
Victoria (abbreviated as Vic) is a state in south-eastern Australia.
The Victoria Cross (VC) is the highest award of the British honours system.
Brigadier William Charles Douglas Veale, (16 May 1895 – 17 August 1971), generally known as W. C. D. Veale, was an Australian engineer, surveyor and soldier.
West Timor (Timor Barat) is the western and Indonesian portion of the island of Timor next to the country of East Timor (Nusa Tenggara Timur).
Sir William Watt Leggatt (23 December 1894 – 27 November 1968) was an Australian soldier, lawyer and politician.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.
The 2/10th Field Regiment was an Australian Army artillery regiment formed in mid-1940 as part of the Second Australian Imperial Force during World War II.
The 2/11th Field Regiment was an Australian Army artillery regiment formed as part of the Second Australian Imperial Force during World War II.
The 2/14th Field Regiment was an Australian Army artillery unit that served during the Second World War.
The 2/15th Field Regiment was an Australian Army field artillery regiment that served during the Second World War.
The 2/18th Battalion was an Australian Army infantry unit that served during World War II.
The 2/19th Battalion was an infantry battalion of the Australian Army, which was raised for service during the Second World War as part of the Second Australian Imperial Force.
The 2/20th Battalion was an infantry battalion of the Australian Army.
The 2/21st Battalion was an infantry battalion of the Australian Army.
The 2/22nd Battalion was an infantry battalion of the Australian Army.
The 2/26th Battalion was an infantry battalion of the Australian Army.
The 2/29th Battalion was an infantry battalion of the Australian Army, which served during the Second World War.
The 2/2nd Commando Squadron was one of 12 independent companies or commando squadrons raised by the Australian Army for service during World War II.
The 2/30th Battalion was an infantry battalion of the Australian Army that served during World War II.
The 2/40th Battalion was an infantry battalion of the Australian Army.
The 2/4th Machine Gun Battalion was an Australian Army unit raised for service with the all volunteer Second Australian Imperial Force (2nd AIF) during the Second World War.
The 2/9th Cavalry (Commando) Regiment was one of three commando regiments raised by the Australian Army for service during World War II.
The 2/9th Field Regiment was an Australian Army artillery regiment formed as part of the 8th Division in July 1940 for operations during World War II.
The 22nd Brigade was a brigade-sized infantry unit of the Australian Army.
The 23rd Brigade was a brigade of the Australian Army.
The 24th Brigade was a brigade-sized infantry unit of the Australian Army.
The 27th Battalion was an infantry battalion of the Australian Army.
The 27th Brigade was a brigade-sized infantry unit of the Australian Army.
The 45th Indian Infantry Brigade was an Infantry formation of the Indian Army during World War II.
The 5th Division was an infantry division of the Australian Army which served during the First and Second World Wars.
The 79th Light Anti-Aircraft Battery, also known as "The Sparrows", was a Royal Artillery unit of the British Army that fought with distinction in the Battle of Britain, the Battle of Java, and the Battle of Timor.
The 7th Battalion was an infantry battalion of the Australian Army.
The 7th Division was an infantry division of the Australian Army.
The 8th Battalion was an infantry battalion of the Australian Army.
The 9th Division was a division of the Australian Army that served during World War II.