68 relations: A&M Records, Acoustic fingerprint, Amicus curiae, Arista Records, Atlantic Records, Audio Home Recording Act, Bertelsmann, BitTorrent, Capitol Records, Compact disc, Computer science, Contributory copyright infringement, Copyright, Defendant, Digital Millennium Copyright Act, Download, Elektra Records, EMI, Fair use, File sharing, First Amendment to the United States Constitution, Freshman, Geffen Records, Grokster, Intellectual property, Interscope Records, Island Records, Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller, Kazaa, LaFace Records, Marilyn Hall Patel, Mary M. Schroeder, MCA Records, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, MGM Studios, Inc. v. Grokster, Ltd., Monopoly, Morpheus (software), Motown, MP3, Music industry, Napster, Northeastern University, Peer-to-peer, Place shifting, Plaintiff, PolyGram, Preliminary injunction, RCA Records, Recording Industry Association of America, Religious Technology Center v. Netcom On-Line Communication Services, Inc., ..., Richard Paez, Robert R. Beezer, Safe harbor (law), Shawn Fanning, Sire Records, Sony Corp. of America v. Universal City Studios, Inc., Sony Music, Supreme Court of the United States, The Pirate Bay, Time shifting, United States Copyright Office, United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, United States District Court for the Northern District of California, Universal Music Group, Universal Records (defunct record label), Virgin Records, Warner Bros. Records, Warner Music Group. Expand index (18 more) » « Shrink index
A&M Records was an American record label founded as an independent company by Herb Alpert and Jerry Moss in 1962.
An acoustic fingerprint is a condensed digital summary, a fingerprint, deterministically generated from an audio signal, that can be used to identify an audio sample or quickly locate similar items in an audio database.
An amicus curiae (literally, "friend of the court"; plural, amici curiae) is someone who is not a party to a case and may or may not have been solicited by a party, who assists a court by offering information, expertise, or insight that has a bearing on the issues in the case, and is typically presented in the form of a brief.
Arista Records, Inc. was a major American record label.
Atlantic Recording Corporation (simply known as Atlantic Records) is an American major record label founded in October 1947 by Ahmet Ertegün and Herb Abramson.
The Audio Home Recording Act of 1992 (AHRA) amended the United States copyright law by adding Chapter 10, "Digital Audio Recording Devices and Media".
Bertelsmann is a German multinational corporation based in Gütersloh, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
BitTorrent (abbreviated to BT) is a communication protocol for peer-to-peer file sharing (P2P) which is used to distribute data and electronic files over the Internet.
Capitol Records, Inc. is an American record label owned by Universal Music Group through its Capitol Music Group imprint.
Compact disc (CD) is a digital optical disc data storage format that was co-developed by Philips and Sony and released in 1982.
Computer science deals with the theoretical foundations of information and computation, together with practical techniques for the implementation and application of these foundations.
Contributory copyright infringement is a way of imposing secondary liability for infringement of a copyright.
Copyright is a legal right, existing globally in many countries, that basically grants the creator of an original work exclusive rights to determine and decide whether, and under what conditions, this original work may be used by others.
A defendant is a person accused of committing a crime in criminal prosecution or a person against whom some type of civil relief is being sought in a civil case.
The Digital Millennium Copyright Act (DMCA) is a United States copyright law that implements two 1996 treaties of the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO).
In computer networks, to download (abbreviation DL) is to receive data from a remote system, typically a server such as a web server, an FTP server, an email server, or other similar systems.
Elektra Records is an American major record label owned by Warner Music Group, founded in 1950 by Jac Holzman and Paul Rickolt.
EMI Group Limited (originally an initialism for Electric and Musical Industries and also referred to as EMI Records Ltd.) was a British multinational conglomerate founded in March 1931 in London.
Fair use is a doctrine in the law of the United States that permits limited use of copyrighted material without having to first acquire permission from the copyright holder.
File sharing is the practice of distributing or providing access to digital media, such as computer programs, multimedia (audio, images and video), documents or electronic books.
The First Amendment (Amendment I) to the United States Constitution prevents Congress from making any law respecting an establishment of religion, prohibiting the free exercise of religion, or abridging the freedom of speech, the freedom of the press, the right to peaceably assemble, or to petition for a governmental redress of grievances.
A freshman, first year, or frosh, is a person in the first year at an educational institution, usually a secondary or post-secondary school.
Geffen Records is an American major record label owned by Universal Music Group through its Interscope Geffen A&M Records imprint.
Grokster Ltd. was a privately owned software company based in Nevis, West Indies that created the Grokster peer-to-peer file-sharing client in 2001 that utilized the FastTrack protocol.
Intellectual property (IP) is a category of property that includes intangible creations of the human intellect, and primarily encompasses copyrights, patents, and trademarks.
Interscope Records is an American major record label.
Island Records is a British-Jamaican record label that operates as a division of Universal Music Group (UMG).
Lyricist Jerome "Jerry" Leiber (April 25, 1933 – August 22, 2011) and composer Mike Stoller (born Michael Stoller; March 13, 1933) were American songwriting and record producing partners.
Kazaa Media Desktop (once stylized as "KaZaA", but later usually written "Kazaa") started as a peer-to-peer file sharing application using the FastTrack protocol licensed by Joltid Ltd. and operated as Kazaa by Sharman Networks.
LaFace Records was an American record label based in Atlanta, Georgia that operated as a unit of Sony Music Entertainment from 2008 to 2011 and was historically a part of Bertelsmann Music Group from 1989 to 2004.
Marilyn Hall Patel (born 1938) is a former United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Northern District of California.
Mary Murphy Schroeder (born December 4, 1940) is a Senior United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.
MCA Records was an American record label owned by MCA Inc., which later gave way to the larger MCA Music Entertainment Group (now Universal Music Group), which the label was part of until its dissolution in 2003.
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios Inc. (initialized as MGM or hyphenated as M-G-M, also known as Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Pictures, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer or simply Metro, and for a former interval known as Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer/United Artists, or MGM/UA) is an American media company, involved primarily in the production and distribution of feature films and television programs.
MGM Studios, Inc.
A monopoly (from Greek μόνος mónos and πωλεῖν pōleîn) exists when a specific person or enterprise is the only supplier of a particular commodity.
Morpheus was a file sharing and searching peer-to-peer client for Microsoft Windows, developed and distributed by the company StreamCast, that originally used the Opennap protocol, but later supported many different peer-to-peer protocols.
Motown is an American record company.
MP3 (formally MPEG-1 Audio Layer III or MPEG-2 Audio Layer III) is an audio coding format for digital audio.
The music industry consists of the companies and individuals that earn money by creating new songs and pieces and selling live concerts and shows, audio and video recordings, compositions and sheet music, and the organizations and associations that aid and represent music creators.
Napster is the name given to three music-focused online services.
Northeastern University (NU, formerly NEU) is a private research university in Boston, Massachusetts, established in 1898.
Peer-to-peer (P2P) computing or networking is a distributed application architecture that partitions tasks or workloads between peers.
Space shifting (or spaceshifting), also known as place shifting (or placeshifting), allows media, such as music or films, which is stored on one device to be accessed from another place through another device.
A plaintiff (Π in legal shorthand) is the party who initiates a lawsuit (also known as an action) before a court.
PolyGram Entertainment is a film and TV production company owned by Universal Music Group.
A preliminary injunction, in equity, is an injunction entered by a court prior to a final determination of the merits of a legal case, in order to restrain a party from going ahead with a course of conduct or compelling a party to continue with a course of conduct until the case has been decided.
RCA Records (formerly legally traded as the RCA Records Label) is an American record label owned by Sony Music, a subsidiary of Sony Corporation of America.
The Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) is a trade organization that represents the recording industry in the United States.
Religious Technology Center v. Netcom On-Line Communication Services, Inc., 907 F. Supp. 1361 (N.D. Cal. 1995), is a U.S. district court case about whether the operator of a computer bulletin board service ("BBS") and Internet access provider that allows that BBS to reach the Internet should be liable for copyright infringement committed by a subscriber of the BBS.
Richard Anthony Paez (born May 5, 1947) is a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.
Robert Renaut Beezer (July 21, 1928 – March 30, 2012) was a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit.
A safe harbor is a provision of a statute or a regulation that specifies that certain conduct will be deemed not to violate a given rule.
Shawn Fanning (born November 22, 1980) is an American computer programmer, entrepreneur, and angel investor.
Sire Records is an American record label that is owned by Warner Music Group and distributed by Warner Bros. Records.
Sony Music Entertainment (SME) is a Japanese-owned global music conglomerate owned by Sony and incorporated as a general partnership of Sony Music Holdings Inc. through Sony Entertainment Inc., a subsidiary of Sony Corporation of America. (in Japanese), Sony Corporation The company was first founded in 1929 as American Record Corporation and renamed Columbia Recording Corporation in 1938, following its acquisition by the Columbia Broadcasting System. In 1966, the company was reorganized to become CBS Records, and Sony Corporation bought the company in 1988, renaming it under its current name in 1991. In 2004, Sony and Bertelsmann established a 50-50 joint venture called Sony BMG Music Entertainment, which transferred the businesses of Sony Music and Bertelsmann Music Group into one entity. However, in 2008, Sony acquired Bertelsmann's stake, and the company reverted to the SME name shortly after; the buyout allowed Sony to acquire all of BMG's labels, including former Columbia Pictures subsidiary Arista Records as well as RCA Records, and led to the dissolution of BMG, which instead relaunched as BMG Rights Management. Sony Music Entertainment is the second largest of the "Big Three" record companies in the world, behind Universal Music Group (UMG) and ahead of Warner Music Group (WMG). Sony's music publishing division is the world's largest music publisher after the acquisition of EMI. It also owns SYCO Entertainment, which operates some of the world's most successful reality TV format including Got Talent and The X Factor.
The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.
The Pirate Bay (sometimes abbreviated to TPB) is an online index of digital content of entertainment media and software.
In broadcasting, time shifting is the recording of programming to a storage medium to be viewed or listened to after the live broadcasting.
The United States Copyright Office, a part of the Library of Congress, is the official U.S. government body that maintains records of copyright registration in the United States, including a Copyright Catalog.
The United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit (in case citations, 9th Cir.) is a U.S. Federal court with appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts.
The United States District Court for the Northern District of California (in case citations, N.D. Cal.) is the federal United States district court whose jurisdiction comprises following counties of California: Alameda, Contra Costa, Del Norte, Humboldt, Lake, Marin, Mendocino, Monterey, Napa, San Benito, San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Clara, Santa Cruz, and Sonoma.
Universal Music Group (also known in the United States as UMG Recordings, Inc. and abbreviated as UMG) is an American global music corporation that is a subsidiary of the French media conglomerate Vivendi.
Universal Records was a record label owned by Universal Music Group and operated as part of the Universal Motown Republic Group.
Virgin Records Ltd. was a British record label founded by entrepreneurs Richard Branson, Simon Draper, Nik Powell, and musician Tom Newman in 1972.
Warner Music Group (WMG, also referred to as Warner Music or WEA International) is an American multinational entertainment and record label conglomerate headquartered in New York City.