211 relations: Aérospatiale, Aérospatiale Alouette III, Aérospatiale Gazelle, ADEN cannon, Adma wa Dafneh, AgustaWestland AW101, Air Force of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Air International, Airbus Helicopters, Algerian Air Force, Angola, Angolan War of Independence, Arctic, Argentine Army, Argentine Army Aviation, Argentine Naval Prefecture, Armed Forces of Gabon, Armed Forces of the Republic of Ivory Coast, Armscor (South Africa), Atlas Aircraft, Atlas Oryx, Autocannon, Baghdad, Beirut, Beirut Air Base, Bosnia (region), Brazilian Air Force, Bristow Helicopters, British Aerospace Sea Harrier, British military aircraft designation systems, Cameroon Air Force, Casualty evacuation, Central African Empire, Chad, Chilean Air Force, Chilean Army, Cyprus, Data link, Denel, Denel Rooivalk, Desert, Diplomatic mission, Dirkou, Economic sanctions, Ecuadorian Air Force, Ecuadorian Army, Edgar O'Ballance, Escadron de transport, d'entrainement et de calibration, Ethiopian Air Force, Eurocopter AS332 Super Puma, ..., Eurocopter AS532 Cougar, Eurocopter EC225 Super Puma, Eurocopter EC725, Fairfax Media, Falklands War, Federal Police (Germany), Fenestron, Fighter aircraft, Flight International, Flightglobal, France, French Air Force, French Army, French Army Light Aviation, Friendly fire, Front organization, Gendarmerie (Belgium), Genocide, Glass cockpit, Global Positioning System, Gulf War, Gunship, Hawker Hunter, Helicopter, Honoris Crux (1975), Hot and high, IAR 330, Independent Online (South Africa), Indonesia, Indonesian Air Force, Industria Aeronautică Română, Insurgency, International Civil Aviation Organization, Invasion of South Georgia, Iraq, Iraq War, Iraqi Air Force, Irish Air Corps, Joint Helicopter Command Flying Station Aldergrove, Jounieh, Kenya Air Force, Kuwait Air Force, Lebanese Air Force, Lebanese Armed Forces, Lebanese Civil War, Licensed production, List of rotorcraft, List of Royal Air Force conversion units, Lockheed C-130 Hercules, Machine gun, Madama, Mail & Guardian, Malawian Defence Force, Mexican Air Force, Michel Aoun, Mil Mi-8, Military of Guinea, Ministry of Defence (United Kingdom), Mitrovica, Kosovo, Morocco, Mozambican War of Independence, N'Djamena, Namibia, NATO, Nepalese Army Air Service, Newsquest, NHIndustries NH90, Niger, Nigerian Air Force, Night vision device, No. 1563 Flight RAF, No. 230 Squadron RAF, No. 33 Squadron RAF, No. 72 Squadron RAF, North Sea, Oil platform, Operation Barkhane, Operation Moduler, Operation Protea, Operation Savannah (Angola), Operation Super, Operation Uric, Pakistan Air Force, Pakistan Army, Pascal Lissouba, Persian Gulf, Philippine Air Force, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, Polisario Front, Port Howard, Portugal, Portuguese Air Force, Portuguese Colonial War, President of France, Radio relay, RAF Belize, RAF Benson, RAF Gütersloh, RAF Odiham, Rashid Karami, Reed Business Information, Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo Civil War (1997–99), Revolutions per minute, Revolver cannon, Romania, Romanian Air Force, Royal Air Force, Royal Air Force of Oman, Royal Moroccan Air Force, Royal Navy, Rumaila oil field, Saddam Hussein, Safran Helicopter Engines, Sahel, Sea Dart, Senegalese Air Force, Sikorsky S-61, Small arms, SNEB, South Africa, South African Air Force, South African Border War, Spanish Air Force, Special Air Service, Special forces, Sud Aviation, Surface-to-air missile, SWAPO, Tampa Bay Times, The Age, The Guardian, The Herald (Glasgow), The Independent, The New York Times, The Troubles, Thunder City, Transall C-160, Tunisian Air Force, Turbomeca Makila, Turbomeca Turmo, Turboshaft, United Arab Emirates, United Arab Emirates Air Force, United Nations, Venezuela, Very important person, Western Sahara, Westland Helicopters, Westland Lynx, Westland Wessex, Wujah Al Hajar Air Base, Yugoslav Wars, Yugoslavia, Zaire, Zimbabwe, 1979 Central African Republic coup d'état, 20 mm caliber, 2000 Mozambique flood, 2K12 Kub, 7th Infantry Brigade (Lebanon). Expand index (161 more) » « Shrink index
Aérospatiale, sometimes styled Aerospatiale, was a French state-owned aerospace manufacturer that built both civilian and military aircraft, rockets and satellites.
The Aérospatiale Alouette III (Lark) is a single-engine, light utility helicopter developed by French aircraft company Sud Aviation.
The Aérospatiale Gazelle is a French five-seat helicopter, commonly used for light transport, scouting and light attack duties.
The Royal Small Arms Factory ADEN is a 30 mm revolver cannon used on many military aircraft, particularly those of the British Royal Air Force and Fleet Air Arm.
ِAdma wa Dafneh is a town in the Keserwan District of the Mount Lebanon Governorate in Lebanon.
The AgustaWestland AW101 is a medium-lift helicopter used in both military and civil applications.
The Congolese Air Force (Force Aérienne Congolaise, or FAC) is the air force branch of the Armed Forces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (Congo-Kinshasa).
AIR International is a British aviation magazine covering current defence aerospace and civil aviation topics.
Airbus Helicopters SAS (formerly Eurocopter Group) is the helicopter manufacturing division of Airbus.
The Algerian Air Force (AAF) (القوات الجوية الجزائرية,; Armée de l'air algérienne), is the aerial arm of the Algerian People's Military.
Angola, officially the Republic of Angola (República de Angola; Kikongo, Kimbundu and Repubilika ya Ngola), is a country in Southern Africa.
The Angolan War of Independence (1961–1974) began as an uprising against forced cotton cultivation, and it became a multi-faction struggle for the control of Portugal's overseas province of Angola among three nationalist movements and a separatist movement.
The Arctic is a polar region located at the northernmost part of Earth.
The Argentine Army (Ejército Argentino, EA) is the land armed force branch of the Armed Forces of the Argentine Republic and the senior military service of the country.
The Argentine Army Aviation (Spanish: Direccion de Aviación de Ejército Argentino, AvEjer) is the army aviation branch of the Argentine Army.
The Argentine Naval Prefecture (Prefectura Naval Argentina or PNA) is a service of the Argentine Security Ministry charged with protecting the country's rivers and maritime territory.
Gabon has a small, professional military of about 5,000 personnel, divided into army, navy, air force, gendarmerie, and national police.
The Republican Forces of Côte d'Ivoire (Forces Republicaines de Cote d'Ivoire; "FRCI") is the current name of the armed forces of Ivory Coast.
Armscor (or ARMSCOR), the Armaments Corporation of South Africa is the arms procurement agency of the South African Department of Defence.
This article is about a U.S. firm of the 1940s.
The Atlas Oryx (named after the Oryx antelope) is a medium-sized utility helicopter manufactured by the Atlas Aircraft Corporation (now Denel Aviation) of South Africa.
An autocannon or automatic cannon is a large, fully automatic, rapid-fire projectile weapon that fires armour-piercing or explosive shells, as opposed to the bullet fired by a machine gun.
Baghdad (بغداد) is the capital of Iraq.
Beirut (بيروت, Beyrouth) is the capital and largest city of Lebanon.
Beirut Air Base (قاعدة بيروت الجوية Kaidat Bayrut al-jawiya) is a military base owned by the Lebanese Armed Forces and operated by the Lebanese Air Force.
Bosnia (Bosna/Босна) is the northern region of Bosnia and Herzegovina, encompassing roughly 81% of the country; the other eponymous region, the southern part, is Herzegovina.
The Brazilian Air Force (Força Aérea Brasileira, FAB) is the air branch of the Brazilian Armed Forces and one of the three national uniformed services.
Bristow Helicopters Limited is a British civil helicopter operator originally based at Aberdeen Airport, Scotland which is now part of the U.S.-based Bristow Group (S&P 600 component) which in turn has its corporate headquarters in Houston, Texas.
The British Aerospace Sea Harrier is a naval short take-off and vertical landing/vertical take-off and landing jet fighter, reconnaissance and attack aircraft; the second member of the Harrier Jump Jet family developed.
British military aircraft designations are used to refer to aircraft types and variants operated by the armed forces of the United Kingdom.
The Cameroon Air Force (Armée de l'Air du Cameroun, AdAC) is the air force of Cameroon.
Casualty evacuation, also known as CASEVAC or by the callsign Dustoff or colloquially Dust Off, is a military term for the emergency patient evacuation of casualties from a combat zone.
The Central African Empire (Empire centrafricain) was a short-lived, self-declared "constitutional monarchy", but in reality an absolute monarchy under a one-party military dictatorship, that replaced the Central African Republic and was, in turn, replaced by the restoration of the Republic.
Chad (تشاد; Tchad), officially the Republic of Chad ("Republic of the Chad"), is a landlocked country in Central Africa.
The Chilean Air Force (Fuerza Aérea de Chile, FACh) is the air force of Chile, a branch of the Chilean military.
The Chilean Army (Ejército de Chile) is the land arm of the Military of Chile.
Cyprus (Κύπρος; Kıbrıs), officially the Republic of Cyprus (Κυπριακή Δημοκρατία; Kıbrıs Cumhuriyeti), is an island country in the Eastern Mediterranean and the third largest and third most populous island in the Mediterranean.
In telecommunication a data link is the means of connecting one location to another for the purpose of transmitting and receiving digital information.
Denel SOC Ltd is a South African state-owned aerospace and military technology conglomerate established in 1991.
The Denel Rooivalk (previously designated AH-2 and CSH-2) is an attack helicopter manufactured by Denel Aviation of South Africa.
A desert is a barren area of landscape where little precipitation occurs and consequently living conditions are hostile for plant and animal life.
A diplomatic mission or foreign mission is a group of people from one state or an organisation present in another state to represent the sending state/organisation officially in the receiving state.
Dirkou is a town in the Bilma Department, Agadez Region of north-eastern Niger.
Economic sanctions are commercial and financial penalties applied by one or more countries against a targeted country, group, or individual.
The Ecuadorian Air Force (Fuerza Aérea Ecuatoriana, FAE) is the Air arm of the Military of Ecuador and responsible for the protection of the Ecuadorian airspace.
The Ecuadorian Army (Ejército Ecuatoriano) is the land component of the Ecuadorian Armed Forces.
Major Edgar “Paddy” O'Ballance (17 July 1918, Dublin, Ireland – 8 July 2009, Wakebridge, Derbyshire, England) was a British military journalist, researcher, defence commentator and academic lecturer specialising in international relations and defence problems.
The Escadron de transport, d'entraînement et de calibration 00.065 (ETEC 65, "Transportation, training and calibration squadron") is a unit of the French Air Force, under direct command of the Minister of Defence, in charge of the transportation of the President, the Prime Minister and other French government officials.
The Ethiopian Air Force (ETAF) (Amharic: የኢትዮጵያ አየር ሃይል, Ye Ithopya Ayer Hayl) is the air arm of the Ethiopian National Defense Forces and is tasked with protecting the national air space, providing support to ground forces, as well as assisting civil operations during national emergencies.
The Airbus Helicopters H215 (formerly Eurocopter AS332 Super Puma) is a four-bladed, twin-engine, medium-size utility helicopter developed and marketed originally by Aérospatiale, later by Eurocopter and currently by Airbus Helicopters.
The Eurocopter AS532 Cougar (now Airbus Helicopters H215M) is a twin-engine, medium-weight, multipurpose helicopter developed by France.
The Eurocopter EC225 Super Puma (now Airbus Helicopters H225) is a long-range passenger transport helicopter developed by Eurocopter as the next generation of the civilian Super Puma family.
The Eurocopter EC725 Caracal (also named Super Cougar), now called Airbus Helicopters H225M, is a long-range tactical transport military helicopter developed from the Eurocopter AS532 Cougar for military use.
Fairfax Media Limited (formerly John Fairfax and Sons) is one of the largest media companies in Australia and New Zealand, with investments in newspaper, magazines, radio and digital properties.
The Falklands War (Guerra de las Malvinas), also known as the Falklands Conflict, Falklands Crisis, Malvinas War, South Atlantic Conflict, and the Guerra del Atlántico Sur (Spanish for "South Atlantic War"), was a ten-week war between Argentina and the United Kingdom over two British dependent territories in the South Atlantic: the Falkland Islands, and its territorial dependency, the South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.
The Federal Police (Bundespolizei or BPOL) is a (primarily) uniformed federal police force in Germany.
A Fenestron (sometimes alternatively referred to as a fantail or a "fan-in-fin" arrangementLeishman 2006, p. 321.) is a protected tail rotor of a helicopter operating like a ducted fan.
A fighter aircraft is a military aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat against other aircraft, as opposed to bombers and attack aircraft, whose main mission is to attack ground targets.
Flight International (or simply Flight) is a weekly magazine focused on aerospace, published in the United Kingdom.
Flightglobal is an online news and information website which covers the aviation and aerospace industries.
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
The French Air Force (Armée de l'Air Française), literally Aerial Army) is the air force of the French Armed Forces. It was formed in 1909 as the Service Aéronautique, a service arm of the French Army, then was made an independent military arm in 1934. The number of aircraft in service with the French Air Force varies depending on source, however sources from the French Ministry of Defence give a figure of 658 aircraft in 2014. The French Air Force has 241 combat aircraft in service, with the majority being 133 Dassault Mirage 2000 and 108 Dassault Rafale. As of early 2017, the French Air Force employs a total of 41,160 regular personnel. The reserve element of the air force consisted of 5,187 personnel of the Operational Reserve. The Chief of Staff of the French Air Force (CEMAA) is a direct subordinate of the Chief of the Defence Staff (CEMA).
The French Army, officially the Ground Army (Armée de terre) (to distinguish it from the French Air Force, Armée de L'air or Air Army) is the land-based and largest component of the French Armed Forces.
The French Army Light Aviation (Aviation Légère de l’Armée de Terre, ALAT, literally Land Army Light Aviation (the army is officially called the 'Land Army' because the air force is officially called the 'Air Army')) is the Army aviation service of the French Army.
Friendly fire is an attack by a military force on non-enemy, own, allied or neutral, forces while attempting to attack the enemy, either by misidentifying the target as hostile, or due to errors or inaccuracy.
A front organization is any entity set up by and controlled by another organization, such as intelligence agencies, organized crime groups, banned organizations, religious or political groups, advocacy groups, or corporations.
The Gendarmerie (French) or Rijkswacht (Dutch) was the former paramilitary police force of Belgium.
Genocide is intentional action to destroy a people (usually defined as an ethnic, national, racial, or religious group) in whole or in part.
A glass cockpit is an aircraft cockpit that features electronic (digital) flight instrument displays, typically large LCD screens, rather than the traditional style of analog dials and gauges.
The Global Positioning System (GPS), originally Navstar GPS, is a satellite-based radionavigation system owned by the United States government and operated by the United States Air Force.
The Gulf War (2 August 199028 February 1991), codenamed Operation Desert Shield (2 August 199017 January 1991) for operations leading to the buildup of troops and defense of Saudi Arabia and Operation Desert Storm (17 January 199128 February 1991) in its combat phase, was a war waged by coalition forces from 35 nations led by the United States against Iraq in response to Iraq's invasion and annexation of Kuwait.
A gunship is a military aircraft armed with heavy guns, primarily intended for attacking ground targets.
The Hawker Hunter is a transonic British jet-powered fighter aircraft that was developed by Hawker Aircraft for the Royal Air Force (RAF) during the late 1940s and early 1950s.
A helicopter is a type of rotorcraft in which lift and thrust are supplied by rotors.
The Honoris Crux (Cross of Honour) of 1975, post-nominal letters HC, is a military decoration for bravery which was instituted by the Republic of South Africa on 1 July 1975.
In aviation, hot and high is a condition of low air density due to high ambient temperature and high airport elevation.
The IAR 330 is the Romanian-built version of the Aérospatiale SA 330 Puma helicopter, manufactured by IAR Brașov.
Independent Online, or IOL is a news and information website based in South Africa.
Indonesia (or; Indonesian), officially the Republic of Indonesia (Republik Indonesia), is a transcontinental unitary sovereign state located mainly in Southeast Asia, with some territories in Oceania.
The Indonesian Air Force (Tentara Nasional Indonesia Angkatan Udara, TNI AU) is the air force branch of the Indonesian National Armed Forces.
Industria Aeronautică Română (IAR) (now IAR S.A. Brașov) or Romanian Aeronautic Industry in English, is a Romanian aerospace manufacturer founded in 1925.
An insurgency is a rebellion against authority (for example, an authority recognized as such by the United Nations) when those taking part in the rebellion are not recognized as belligerents (lawful combatants).
The International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO Organisation de l'aviation civile internationale, OACI), is a specialized agency of the United Nations.
The invasion of South Georgia (Spanish: Operación Georgias), also known as the Battle of Grytviken, took place on 3 April 1982, when Argentine naval forces seized control of the east coast of South Georgia after overpowering a small group of Royal Marines at Grytviken.
Iraq (or; العراق; عێراق), officially known as the Republic of Iraq (جُمُهورية العِراق; کۆماری عێراق), is a country in Western Asia, bordered by Turkey to the north, Iran to the east, Kuwait to the southeast, Saudi Arabia to the south, Jordan to the southwest and Syria to the west.
The Iraq WarThe conflict is also known as the War in Iraq, the Occupation of Iraq, the Second Gulf War, and Gulf War II.
The Iraqi Air Force (IQAF or IrAF; Arabic: القوات الجوية العراقية, Al Quwwat al Jawwiya al Iraqiya) is the aerial warfare service branch of the Iraqi Armed Forces, responsible for the policing of international borders and surveillance of national assets.
The Air Corps (An tAerchór) is the air component of the Defence Forces of Ireland.
Joint Helicopter Command Flying Station Aldergrove or more simply JHC FS Aldergrove is located south of Antrim, Northern Ireland and northwest of Belfast and adjoins Belfast International Airport.
Jounieh (Arabic جونيه, or Juniya, جونية) is a coastal city about north of Beirut, Lebanon and is part of Greater Beirut.
The Kenya Air Force (KAF) is the national aerial warfare service branch of the Republic of Kenya.
The Kuwait Air Force (Arabic: القوات الجوية الكويتية Trans: al-Quwwat al-Jawwiya al-Kuwaitiya) is the air arm of the Armed Forces of Kuwait.
The Lebanese Air Force (LAF) (القوات الجوية اللبنانية, Al Quwwat al-Jawwiya al-Lubnaniyya) is the aerial warfare branch of the Lebanese Armed Forces.
The Lebanese Armed Forces (LAF) (Arabic: القوات المسلحة اللبنانية | Al-Quwwāt al-Musallaḥa al-Lubnāniyya) or Forces Armées Libanaises (FAL) in French, also known as the Lebanese Army (Arabic: الجيش اللبناني or "Armée libanaise" in French), is the military of the Lebanese Republic.
The Lebanese Civil War (الحرب الأهلية اللبنانية – Al-Ḥarb al-Ahliyyah al-Libnāniyyah) was a multifaceted civil war in Lebanon, lasting from 1975 to 1990 and resulting in an estimated 120,000 fatalities.
Licensed production refers to the local production under license of technology developed elsewhere.
This is a list of rotorcraft, including helicopters, autogyros, rotor kites and convertiplanes.
Conversion units and operational conversion units (OCU) were training units of the Royal Air Force.
The Lockheed C-130 Hercules is a four-engine turboprop military transport aircraft designed and built originally by Lockheed (now Lockheed Martin).
A machine gun is a fully automatic mounted or portable firearm designed to fire bullets in rapid succession from an ammunition belt or magazine, typically at a rate of 300 rounds per minute or higher.
Madama is a border settlement on the northeast frontier of Niger.
The Mail & Guardian is a South African weekly newspaper, published by M&G Media in Johannesburg, South Africa.
The Malawi Defence Force is the state military organisation responsible for defending Malawi.
The Mexican Air Force (FAM; Spanish: Fuerza Aérea Mexicana) is the primary aerial warfare service branch of the Mexican Armed Forces.
Michel Naim Aoun (ميشال نعيم عون,; born 18 February 1935) is the current President of Lebanon.
The Mil Mi-8 (Ми-8, NATO reporting name: Hip) is a medium twin-turbine helicopter, originally designed by the Soviet Union, and now produced by Russia.
The Republic of Guinea Armed Forces (French: Forces armées guinéennes) are the armed forces of Guinea.
The Ministry of Defence (MoD or MOD) is the British government department responsible for implementing the defence policy set by Her Majesty's Government and is the headquarters of the British Armed Forces.
Mitrovica (Mitrovicë) or Kosovska Mitrovica (Serbian Cyrillic: Косовска Митровица) is a city and municipality located in the Mitrovica District of Kosovo.
Morocco (officially known as the Kingdom of Morocco, is a unitary sovereign state located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. It is one of the native homelands of the indigenous Berber people. Geographically, Morocco is characterised by a rugged mountainous interior, large tracts of desert and a lengthy coastline along the Atlantic Ocean and Mediterranean Sea. Morocco has a population of over 33.8 million and an area of. Its capital is Rabat, and the largest city is Casablanca. Other major cities include Marrakesh, Tangier, Salé, Fes, Meknes and Oujda. A historically prominent regional power, Morocco has a history of independence not shared by its neighbours. Since the foundation of the first Moroccan state by Idris I in 788 AD, the country has been ruled by a series of independent dynasties, reaching its zenith under the Almoravid dynasty and Almohad dynasty, spanning parts of Iberia and northwestern Africa. The Marinid and Saadi dynasties continued the struggle against foreign domination, and Morocco remained the only North African country to avoid Ottoman occupation. The Alaouite dynasty, the current ruling dynasty, seized power in 1631. In 1912, Morocco was divided into French and Spanish protectorates, with an international zone in Tangier, and regained its independence in 1956. Moroccan culture is a blend of Berber, Arab, West African and European influences. Morocco claims the non-self-governing territory of Western Sahara, formerly Spanish Sahara, as its Southern Provinces. After Spain agreed to decolonise the territory to Morocco and Mauritania in 1975, a guerrilla war arose with local forces. Mauritania relinquished its claim in 1979, and the war lasted until a cease-fire in 1991. Morocco currently occupies two thirds of the territory, and peace processes have thus far failed to break the political deadlock. Morocco is a constitutional monarchy with an elected parliament. The King of Morocco holds vast executive and legislative powers, especially over the military, foreign policy and religious affairs. Executive power is exercised by the government, while legislative power is vested in both the government and the two chambers of parliament, the Assembly of Representatives and the Assembly of Councillors. The king can issue decrees called dahirs, which have the force of law. He can also dissolve the parliament after consulting the Prime Minister and the president of the constitutional court. Morocco's predominant religion is Islam, and the official languages are Arabic and Berber, with Berber being the native language of Morocco before the Arab conquest in the 600s AD. The Moroccan dialect of Arabic, referred to as Darija, and French are also widely spoken. Morocco is a member of the Arab League, the Union for the Mediterranean and the African Union. It has the fifth largest economy of Africa.
The Mozambican War of Independence was an armed conflict between the guerrilla forces of the Mozambique Liberation Front or FRELIMO (Frente de Libertação de Moçambique), and Portugal.
N’Djamena (N'Djaména; انجمينا Injamīnā) is the capital and largest city of Chad.
Namibia, officially the Republic of Namibia (German:; Republiek van Namibië), is a country in southern Africa whose western border is the Atlantic Ocean.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO; Organisation du Traité de l'Atlantique Nord; OTAN), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 29 North American and European countries.
Nepal has no separate Air Force but flies several aircraft within the Nepalese Army Air Service, also known as the Nepal Army Air Wing (formerly Royal Nepalese Air Force).
Newsquest Media Group Ltd. is the second largest publisher of regional and local newspapers in the United Kingdom with 205 brands across the UK, publishing online and in print (165 newspaper brands and 40 magazine brands).
The NHIndustries NH90 is a medium-sized, twin-engine, multi-role military helicopter.
Niger, also called the Niger officially the Republic of the Niger, is a landlocked country in Western Africa named after the Niger River.
The Nigerian Air Force (NAF) is the air arm of the Nigerian Armed Forces.
A night vision device (NVD), also known as night optical/observation device (NOD) and night vision goggles (NVG), is an optoelectronic device that allows images to be produced in levels of light approaching total darkness.
The North Sea (Mare Germanicum) is a marginal sea of the Atlantic Ocean located between Great Britain, Scandinavia, Germany, the Netherlands, Belgium, and France.
An oil platform, offshore platform, or offshore drilling rig is a large structure with facilities for well drilling to explore, extract, store, process petroleum and natural gas which lies in rock formations beneath the seabed.
Operation Barkhane is an ongoing anti-insurgent operation in Africa's Sahel region, which commenced 1 August 2014.
Operation Moduler (sometimes incorrectly called "Modular") was a military operation by the South African Defence Force (SADF) during the South African Border War.
Operation Protea was a military operation during the South African Border War and Angolan Civil War in which South African Defence Forces (SADF) destroyed a number of South West Africa People's Organisation (SWAPO) bases in Angola.
Operation Savannah was the South African Defence Force's 1975–1976 covert intervention in the Angolan War of Independence, and the subsequent Angolan Civil War.
Operation Super was a military confrontation during the South African Border War in March 1982 to prevent SWAPO guerrillas infiltrating into South West Africa through the Kaokoveld from a location near the abandoned Portuguese town of Iona in the Angolan province of Namibe.
Operation Uric (or Operation Bootlace for the South Africans) was a cross-border raid carried out in Mozambique by operatives of the Rhodesian Security Forces during the Rhodesian Bush War, with combat assistance from the South African Air Force.
The Pakistan Air Force (PAF) (پاک فِضائیہ—, or alternatively پاکیستان هاوایی فوج, reporting name: PAF) is the aerial warfare branch of the Pakistan Armed Forces, tasked primarily with the aerial defence of Pakistan, with a secondary role of providing air support to the Pakistan Army and the Pakistan Navy.
Pakistan Army (پاک فوج Pak Fauj (IPA: pɑk fɒ~ɔd͡ʒ); Reporting name: PA) is the land-based force of the Pakistan Armed Forces.
Pascal Lissouba (born November 15, 1931) is the first democratically elected President of the Republic of the Congo and served from August 31, 1992 to October 15, 1997.
The Persian Gulf (lit), (الخليج الفارسي) is a mediterranean sea in Western Asia.
The Philippine Air Force (PAF; Hukbong Himpapawid ng Pilipinas, Fuerza Aérea de Filipinas) is the aerial warfare service branch of the Armed Forces of the Philippines.
The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, also known simply as the "PG", is the largest daily newspaper serving metropolitan Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States.
The Polisario Front, Frente Polisario, FRELISARIO or simply POLISARIO, from the Spanish abbreviation of Frente Popular de Liberación de Saguía el Hamra y Río de Oro ("Popular Front for the Liberation of Saguia el-Hamra and Río de Oro" الجبهة الشعبية لتحرير ساقية الحمراء و وادي الذهب Al-Jabhat Al-Sha'abiyah Li-Tahrir Saqiya Al-Hamra'a wa Wadi Al-Dhahab, Front populaire de Libération de la Seguia el Hamra et du Rivière d'or), is a Sahrawi rebel national liberation movement aiming to end Moroccan presence in the Western Sahara.
Port Howard (Spanish/Argentine name: Puerto Mitre; sometimes Puerto Howard in Spanish) is the largest settlement on West Falkland (unless Fox Bay is taken as one settlement, instead of two).
Portugal, officially the Portuguese Republic (República Portuguesa),In recognized minority languages of Portugal: Portugal is the oldest state in the Iberian Peninsula and one of the oldest in Europe, its territory having been continuously settled, invaded and fought over since prehistoric times.
The Portuguese Air Force (Força Aérea Portuguesa) is the aerial warfare force of Portugal.
The Portuguese Colonial War (Guerra Colonial Portuguesa), also known in Portugal as the Overseas War (Guerra do Ultramar) or in the former colonies as the War of Liberation (Guerra de Libertação), was fought between Portugal's military and the emerging nationalist movements in Portugal's African colonies between 1961 and 1974.
The President of the French Republic (Président de la République française) is the executive head of state of France in the French Fifth Republic.
Radio stations that cannot communicate directly due to distance, terrain or other difficulties sometimes use an intermediate radio relay station to relay the signals.
RAF Belize was the Headquarters unit of all Royal Air Force units of British Forces Belize from the mid 1970s to mid 1990s when RAF Belize was subsumed into the remaining British Army garrison.
Royal Air Force Benson or RAF Benson is a Royal Air Force station near Benson in South Oxfordshire, England.
Royal Air Force Station Gütersloh, more commonly known as RAF Gütersloh, was a Royal Air Force Germany military airfield, the nearest Royal Air Force airfield to the East/West German border, in the vicinity of the town of Gütersloh.
Royal Air Force Odiham or more simply RAF Odiham is a Royal Air Force station situated a little to the south of the historic village of Odiham in Hampshire, England.
Rashid Abdul Hamid Karami (30 December 1921 – 1 June 1987) (رشيد كرامي) was a Lebanese statesman.
Reed Business Information is a provider of data services, analytics and information to businesses.
The Republic of the Congo (République du Congo), also known as the Congo-Brazzaville, the Congo Republic or simply the Congo, is a country in Central Africa.
The Republic of the Congo Civil War was the second of two ethnopolitical civil conflicts in the African state of Republic of the Congo, beginning on 5 June 1997 and continuing until 29 December 1999.
Revolutions per minute (abbreviated rpm, RPM, rev/min, r/min) is the number of turns in one minute.
A revolver cannon is a type of autocannon, commonly used as an aircraft gun.
Romania (România) is a sovereign state located at the crossroads of Central, Eastern, and Southeastern Europe.
The Romanian Air Force (Forțele Aeriene Române) is the air force branch of the Romanian Armed Forces.
The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force.
The Royal Air Force of Oman (RAFO — سلاح الجو السلطاني عمان - Silāḥ al-Jaww as-Sulṭāniy ‘Umān) is the air arm of the Armed Forces of Oman.
The Royal Moroccan Air Force, RMAF, (Arabic: القوات الجوية الملكية; Berber: Adwas ujenna ageldan; French: Forces royales air) is the air force branch of the Moroccan Armed Forces.
The Royal Navy (RN) is the United Kingdom's naval warfare force.
The Rumaila oil field is a super-giant oil field located in southern Iraq, approximately from the Kuwaiti border.
Saddam Hussein Abd al-Majid al-Tikriti (Arabic: صدام حسين عبد المجيد التكريتي; 28 April 1937 – 30 December 2006) was President of Iraq from 16 July 1979 until 9 April 2003.
Safran Helicopter Engines, previously known as Turbomeca, is a French manufacturer of low- and medium-power gas turbine turboshaft engines for helicopters.
The Sahel is the ecoclimatic and biogeographic zone of transition in Africa between the Sahara to the north and the Sudanian Savanna to the south.
Sea Dart or GWS30GWS stands for guided weapon system was a British surface-to-air missile system designed by Hawker Siddeley Dynamics in the 1960s, entering service in 1973.
The Senegalese Air Force Armée de l'Air Sénégalaise is the air force branch of the Senegalese Armed Forces.
The Sikorsky S-61L and S-61N are civil variants of the successful Sikorsky SH-3 Sea King helicopter.
Small arms include handguns (revolvers and pistols) and long guns, such as rifles, carbines, shotguns, submachine guns, assault rifles, personal defense weapons, and light machine guns.
The SNEB rocket (Societe Nouvelle des Etablissements Edgar Brandt) is an unguided air-to-ground rocket projectile (RP) manufactured by the French company TDA Armements, designed for launch by combat aircraft and helicopters.
South Africa, officially the Republic of South Africa (RSA), is the southernmost country in Africa.
The South African Air Force (SAAF) is the air force of South Africa, with headquarters in Pretoria.
The South African Border War, also known as the Namibian War of Independence, and sometimes denoted in South Africa as the Angolan Bush War, was a largely asymmetric conflict that occurred in Namibia (then South West Africa), Zambia, and Angola from 26 August 1966 to 21 March 1990.
The Spanish Air Force (SPAF) (Ejército del Aire; literally, "Army of the Air") is the aerial branch of the Spanish Armed Forces.
The Special Air Service (SAS) is a special forces unit of the British Army.
Special forces and special operations forces are military units trained to conduct special operations.
Sud-Aviation (Southern Aviation) was a French state-owned aircraft manufacturer, originating from the merger of Sud-Est (SNCASE, or Société nationale des constructions aéronautiques du sud-est) and Sud-Ouest (SNCASO or Société nationale des constructions aéronautiques du sud-ouest) on 1 March 1957.
A surface-to-air missile (SAM, pronunced), or ground-to-air missile (GTAM, pronounced), is a missile designed to be launched from the ground to destroy aircraft or other missiles.
SWAPO, formerly the South West African People's Organisation (Südwestafrikanische Volksorganisation, SWAVO; Suidwes-Afrikaanse Volk-Organisasie, SWAVO) and officially known as SWAPO Party of Namibia, is a political party and former independence movement in Namibia.
The Tampa Bay Times, previously named the St.
The Age is a daily newspaper that has been published in Melbourne, Australia, since 1854.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Herald is a Scottish broadsheet newspaper founded in 1783.
The Independent is a British online newspaper.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Troubles (Na Trioblóidí) was an ethno-nationalist conflict in Northern Ireland during the late 20th century.
Thunder City is an aircraft operating and maintenance company based at the Cape Town International Airport in Cape Town, South Africa.
The Transall C-160 is a military transport aircraft, produced as a joint venture between France and Germany.
The Tunisian Air Force (El Quwat ej-Jawiya et'Tunsia) is one of the branches of the Tunisian Armed Forces.
The Turbomeca Makila is a family of French turboshaft engines for helicopter use, first run in 1976 and flown in 1977.
The Turbomeca Turmo is a French turboshaft engine developed for helicopter use.
A turboshaft engine is a form of gas turbine that is optimized to produce shaft power rather than jet thrust.
The United Arab Emirates (UAE; دولة الإمارات العربية المتحدة), sometimes simply called the Emirates (الإمارات), is a federal absolute monarchy sovereign state in Western Asia at the southeast end of the Arabian Peninsula on the Persian Gulf, bordering Oman to the east and Saudi Arabia to the south, as well as sharing maritime borders with Qatar to the west and Iran to the north.
The United Arab Emirates Air Force (UAEAF) is the air force of the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
Venezuela, officially denominated Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (República Bolivariana de Venezuela),Previously, the official name was Estado de Venezuela (1830–1856), República de Venezuela (1856–1864), Estados Unidos de Venezuela (1864–1953), and again República de Venezuela (1953–1999).
A very important person (VIP) is a person who is accorded special privileges due to their status or importance.
Western Sahara (الصحراء الغربية, Taneẓroft Tutrimt, Spanish and French: Sahara Occidental) is a disputed territory in the Maghreb region of North Africa, partially controlled by the self-proclaimed Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic and partially Moroccan-occupied, bordered by Morocco proper to the north, Algeria to the northeast, Mauritania to the east and south, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west.
Westland Helicopters was a British aerospace company.
The Westland Lynx is a British multi-purpose military helicopter designed and built by Westland Helicopters at its factory in Yeovil.
The Westland Wessex was a British-built turbine-powered development of the Sikorsky H-34.
Hamat Air Base (قاعدة حامات الجوية) is a Lebanese Air Force base in Wujh Al Hajar<official Lebanese topographic maps>, Lebanon.
The Yugoslav Wars were a series of ethnic conflicts, wars of independence and insurgencies fought from 1991 to 1999/2001 in the former Yugoslavia.
Yugoslavia (Jugoslavija/Југославија; Jugoslavija; Југославија; Pannonian Rusyn: Югославия, transcr. Juhoslavija)Jugosllavia; Jugoszlávia; Juhoslávia; Iugoslavia; Jugoslávie; Iugoslavia; Yugoslavya; Югославия, transcr. Jugoslavija.
Zaire, officially the Republic of Zaire (République du Zaïre), was the name for the Democratic Republic of the Congo that existed between 1971 and 1997 in Central Africa.
Zimbabwe, officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country located in southern Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers, bordered by South Africa, Botswana, Zambia and Mozambique. The capital and largest city is Harare. A country of roughly million people, Zimbabwe has 16 official languages, with English, Shona, and Ndebele the most commonly used. Since the 11th century, present-day Zimbabwe has been the site of several organised states and kingdoms as well as a major route for migration and trade. The British South Africa Company of Cecil Rhodes first demarcated the present territory during the 1890s; it became the self-governing British colony of Southern Rhodesia in 1923. In 1965, the conservative white minority government unilaterally declared independence as Rhodesia. The state endured international isolation and a 15-year guerrilla war with black nationalist forces; this culminated in a peace agreement that established universal enfranchisement and de jure sovereignty as Zimbabwe in April 1980. Zimbabwe then joined the Commonwealth of Nations, from which it was suspended in 2002 for breaches of international law by its then government and from which it withdrew from in December 2003. It is a member of the United Nations, the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the African Union (AU), and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA). It was once known as the "Jewel of Africa" for its prosperity. Robert Mugabe became Prime Minister of Zimbabwe in 1980, when his ZANU-PF party won the elections following the end of white minority rule; he was the President of Zimbabwe from 1987 until his resignation in 2017. Under Mugabe's authoritarian regime, the state security apparatus dominated the country and was responsible for widespread human rights violations. Mugabe maintained the revolutionary socialist rhetoric of the Cold War era, blaming Zimbabwe's economic woes on conspiring Western capitalist countries. Contemporary African political leaders were reluctant to criticise Mugabe, who was burnished by his anti-imperialist credentials, though Archbishop Desmond Tutu called him "a cartoon figure of an archetypal African dictator". The country has been in economic decline since the 1990s, experiencing several crashes and hyperinflation along the way. On 15 November 2017, in the wake of over a year of protests against his government as well as Zimbabwe's rapidly declining economy, Mugabe was placed under house arrest by the country's national army in a coup d'état. On 19 November 2017, ZANU-PF sacked Robert Mugabe as party leader and appointed former Vice President Emmerson Mnangagwa in his place. On 21 November 2017, Mugabe tendered his resignation prior to impeachment proceedings being completed.
The Dacko Coup was a bloodless coup orchestrated by David Dacko against incumbent Central African Emperor Jean-Bédel Bokassa.
The 20 mm caliber is a specific size of cannon or autocannon ammunition.
The 2000 Mozambique flood was a natural disaster that occurred in February and March 2000.
The 2K12 "Kub" (2К12 "Куб"; cube) (NATO reporting name: SA-6 "Gainful") mobile surface-to-air missile system is a Soviet low to medium-level air defence system designed to protect ground forces from air attack.
The 7th Infantry Brigade (Lebanon) is a Lebanese Army unit that fought in the Lebanese Civil War, being active since its creation in June 1983.
Aerospatiale Puma, Aerospatiale SA 330 Puma, Aerospatiale and IAR Puma, Aerospatiale/Westland Puma, Aérospatiale Puma, Aérospatiale SA 330J Puma, Aérospatiale SA-330 Puma, Aérospatiale SA330 Puma, Aérospatiale and IAR Puma, Aérospatiale-Westland Puma HC.1, Aérospatiale/Westland Puma, Eurocopter Puma, IPTN NAS-330 J, Puma SA330, Puma helicopter, SA 330, SA 330 Puma, SA-330, SA.330, SA.330 Puma, SA330, SA330 Puma, Sud Aviation Puma, Westland Puma, Westland Puma HC.1.