26 relations: Allies of World War II, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands, Azad Hind, Bangalore, British Indian Army, Burma Campaign, General officer commanding, Imperial Japanese Navy, India, Indian National Army, Indian National Army trials, Japanese occupation of the Andaman Islands, London, Madras Medical College, Major general, Myanmar, New Zealand, Operation Dracula, Red Fort, Subhas Chandra Bose, The Hindu, Treason, United Kingdom, World War I, World War II.
The Allies of World War II, called the United Nations from the 1 January 1942 declaration, were the countries that opposed the Axis powers together during the Second World War (1939–1945).
The Andaman and Nicobar Islands are a group of islands at the juncture of the Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea, and are a Union Territory of India.
The Andaman Islands (अंडमान द्वीप) form an archipelago in the Bay of Bengal between India, to the west, and Myanmar, to the north and east.
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Ārzī Hukūmat-e-Āzād Hind (आर्ज़ी हुक़ूमत-ए-आज़ाद हिन्द; عارضی حکومتِ آزاد ہند; आजाद हिन्द), the Provisional Government of Free India, or, more simply, Free India (Azad Hind), was an Indian provisional government established in Singapore in 1943 and was supported by Japan.
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Bangalore, officially known as Bengaluru, is the capital of the Indian state of Karnataka.
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The Indian Army was the principal army of India before independence from the United Kingdom in 1947.
The Burma Campaign in the South-East Asian theatre of World War II was fought primarily between the forces of the British Empire and China, with support from the United States, against the forces of the Empire of Japan, Thailand, and the Indian National Army.
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General officer commanding (GOC) is the usual title given in the armies of Commonwealth (and some other, such as in Ireland) nations to a general officer who holds a command appointment.
The Imperial Japanese Navy (IJN; Kyūjitai: 大日本帝國海軍 Shinjitai: 大日本帝国海軍 or 日本海軍 Nippon Kaigun, literally "Navy of the Greater Japanese Empire") was the navy of the Empire of Japan from 1868 until 1945, when it was dissolved following Japan's defeat and surrender in World War II.
India, officially the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia.
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The Indian National Army (INA; Azad Hind Fauj); आज़ाद हिन्द फ़ौज; آزاد ہند فوج) (Lit: Free-Indian Army) was an armed force formed by Indian nationalists in 1942 in South-East Asia during World War II. Its aim was to secure Indian independence from British rule, for which it allied with—and was supported by—Imperial Japan in the latter's campaign in South-East Asia. The army was first formed in 1942 under Mohan Singh, with Indian prisoners of war captured by Japan in the Malayan campaign and at Singapore. This first INA collapsed and was disbanded in December that year after differences between INA leadership and Japanese military over what its role was perceived to be in Japan's war in Asia. It was revived under the leadership of Subhas Chandra Bose after the his arrival in South-East Asia in 1943 and proclaimed the army of Bose's Arzi Hukumat-e-Azad Hind (the Provisional Government of Free India). Under Bose's leadership, it drew ex-prisoners of and thousands of civilian volunteers from Indian expatriate population in Malaya and Burma. This second INA fought along with the Imperial Japanese Army against the British and Commonwealth forces in the campaigns in Burma, Imphal and Kohima, and later against the successful Burma Campaign of the Allies. Initially after its formation in 1942, it triggered concerns in the British-Indian army of further defection by Indian troops. This led to a reporting ban and a successful propaganda campaign to preserve the loyalty of the Sepoy. However, in military strategy and effectiveness, the influence of the INA on the war is considered inconsequential by historians. The end of the war saw a large number of the troops repatriated to India where some faced trials for treason. These trials became a galvanising point of the Indian Independence movement. The Bombay mutiny in the Royal Indian Navy along with other mutinies in 1946 have been credited to the nationalistic influence from the fallout of the INA trials. Historians point out these events played a crucial role in hastening the end of British rule. A number of people associated with the INA during the war later went on to hold important roles in public life in India as well as other countries in South-east Asia, most notably Lakshmi Sehgal in India, and John Thivy and Janaki Athinahappan in Malayasia. The legacy of the INA is controversial. It was associated with Imperial Japan and the other Axis powers. Japanese occupations in Burma, in Indonesia and other parts of South-East Asia were harsh, and accusations were levelled against INA-troops of being involved and complicit in Japanese war crimes. The INA's members were viewed as Axis collaborators by British soldiers. Indians after the war viewed INA-soldiers as patriots. Another different controversy relates to the conduct of independent India towards INA recruits. Widely commemorated and indulged by the Indian National Congress in the immediate aftermath of Indian independence, members of the INA were denied the status of Freedom fighter by the Government of India, which those in the Gandhian movement received. However, the army remains a popular and emotive topic in popular Indian culture as well as politics.
The Indian National Army trials (INA trials), or the Red Fort trials, were the British Indian trial by courts-martial of a number of officers of the Indian National Army (INA) between November 1945 and May 1946, for charges variously for treason, torture, murder and abetment to murder during Word War II.
The Japanese occupation of the Andaman Islands occurred in 1942 during World War II.
London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom.
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The Madras Medical College is an educational institution located in Chennai, India.
Major-general (or major general) is a military rank used in many countries.
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Myanmar (or (also with the stress on first syllable)), officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and also known as Burma, is a sovereign state in Southeast Asia bordered by Bangladesh, India, China, Laos and Thailand.
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New Zealand (Aotearoa) is an island country in the southwestern Pacific Ocean.
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During World War II, Operation Dracula was the name given to an airborne and amphibious attack on Rangoon by British, American and Indian forces, part of the Burma Campaign.
The Red Fort was the residence of the Mughal emperor of India for nearly 200 years, until 1857.
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Subhas Chandra Bose (23 January 1897 – 18 August 1945), widely known throughout India as Netaji (Hindustani: "Respected Leader"), was an Indian nationalist and prominent figure of the Indian independence movement, whose attempt during World War II to rid India of British rule with the help of Nazi Germany and Japan left a troubled legacy.
The Hindu is an English-language Indian daily newspaper.
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In law, treason is the crime that covers some of the more extreme acts against one's sovereign or nation.
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The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain, is a sovereign state in Europe.
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World War I (WWI or WW1), also known as the First World War or the Great War, was a global war centered in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918.
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World War II (WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, though related conflicts began earlier.
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