175 relations: A1 (Croatia), A11 (Croatia), A2 (Croatia), A2 motorway (Slovenia), A3 motorway (Serbia), A4 (Croatia), A5 (Croatia), Annual average daily traffic, Asphalt concrete, Čazma, Žumberak Mountains, Županja, Babina Greda, Balkans, Banja Luka, Barrier toll system, Belgrade, Bobovica, Croatia, Bordeaux, Border control, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brčko, Bregana, Bridge, Brod-Posavina County, Brodski Stupnik, Bucharest, Bulgaria, Buzin, Car, Cloverleaf interchange, Cobblestone, Coffeehouse, Concurrency (road), Convenience store, Croatia, Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Croatian kuna, Croatian Parliament, Croatian Spring, Croatian War of Independence, Culvert, D31 road (Croatia), D36 road (Croatia), D43 road (Croatia), D5 road (Croatia), D55 road, Daruvar, Demining, Dugo Selo, ..., Dumovec, Economy of Croatia, Electronic toll collection, Euro, European route E70, European route E73, European Union, Filling station, Garešnica, Grade separation, Highways in Croatia, Hotel, Hrvatske autoceste, Hrvatske ceste, IKEA, Ilok, INA d.d., Index.hr, Interchange (road), International E-road network, Intersection (road), Ivanić-Grad, Ivanja Reka interchange, Jadranska Avenue, Jakuševec, Jankomir interchange, Jasenovac, Sisak-Moslavina County, Jutarnji list, Križ, Kutina, Land mine, Lane, Lipik, Lipovac, Vukovar-Srijem County, Lipovljani, Liquefied petroleum gas, List of cities and towns in Croatia, Ljubljana, Ljubljanska Avenue, Lonjsko Polje, Lučko interchange, Lužani, Croatia, Matica hrvatska, Median strip, Ministry of Maritime Affairs, Transport and Infrastructure, Motel, Nacional (weekly), Narodne novine, Nova Gradiška, Nova TV (Croatia), Novi Zagreb, Novska, Okučani, Operation Flash, Oprisavci, Orašje, Osijek, Pakrac, Pan-European Corridor X, Pan-European corridors, Picnic, Pleternica, Požega, Croatia, Popovača, Poslovni dnevnik, Prvča, Public toilet, Radio Television of Serbia, Republic of Macedonia, Rest area, Restaurant, Rijeka, Rugvica, RV park, Samobor, SAO Western Slavonia, Sarajevo, Sava, Sava River Bridge (A3), Semi-trailer truck, Serbia, Shoulder (road), Sisak, Sisak-Moslavina County, Slavonia, Slavonska Avenue, Slavonski Šamac, Slavonski Brod, Slovenia, Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, Socialist Republic of Croatia, Spačva basin, Split, Croatia, Sredanci interchange, Stack interchange, Stara Gradiška, Strategic Studies Institute, Sveta Klara, Sveta Nedelja, Zagreb County, Ticket system, Toll road, Tovarnik, Traffic light, Transport in Croatia, Turin, Turkey, Unexploded ordnance, United Nations, Variable-message sign, Večernji list, Vehicle classification in Croatia, Velika Gorica, Velika Kopanica, Velika Kosnica, Vinkovci, Vrbanja, Croatia, Vukovar, Vukovar-Srijem County, Wearing course, Youth work actions, Yugoslav People's Army, Zagreb, Zagreb bypass, Zagreb County, Zagrebačka Avenue. Expand index (125 more) » « Shrink index
The A1 motorway (Autocesta A1) is the longest motorway in Croatia, spanning.
The A11 motorway (Autocesta A11) is an incomplete motorway in Croatia, long.
The A2 motorway (Autocesta A2) is a motorway in the Hrvatsko Zagorje region of northern Croatia, connecting Zagreb to the Macelj border crossing and Slovenia.
The A2 motorway (avtocesta A2, Ilirika) is a motorway in Slovenia, around 180 km long, connecting the Karavanke Tunnel (at the Austrian border) via the capital city Ljubljana to Obrežje (at the Croatian border, near Zagreb).
The A3 motorway (Аутопут А3 / Autoput A3) is a motorway in Serbia which spans approximately and is part of the European route E70 through Serbia.
The A4 motorway (Autocesta A4) is a motorway in Croatia spanning.
The A5 motorway (Autocesta A5) is a motorway in Croatia spanning.
Annual average daily traffic, abbreviated AADT, is a measure used primarily in transportation planning and transportation engineering.
Asphalt concrete (commonly called asphalt, blacktop, or pavement in North America, and tarmac, bitumen macadam or rolled asphalt in the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland) is a composite material commonly used to surface roads, parking lots, airports, as well as the core of embankment dams.
Čazma is a town and municipality in Bjelovar-Bilogora County, Croatia.
The Žumberak Mountains (Žumberačka Gora, Žumberška gora, historic German name: Uskokengebirge) is a range of hills and mountains in northwestern Croatia and southeastern Slovenia, extending from the southwest to the northeast between the Krka and the Kupa.
Županja is a town in eastern Slavonia, Croatia, located 254 km east of Zagreb.
Babina Greda is a village and a municipality in Vukovar-Srijem County in eastern Croatia.
The Balkans, or the Balkan Peninsula, is a geographic area in southeastern Europe with various and disputed definitions.
Banja Luka (Бања Лука) or Banjaluka (Бањалука), is the second largest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the de facto capital of the Republika Srpska entity.
A barrier toll system (also known as an open toll system) is a method of collecting tolls on highways using toll barriers at regularly spaced intervals on the toll road's mainline.
Belgrade (Beograd / Београд, meaning "White city",; names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Serbia.
Bobovica, Croatia is a settlement (naselje) in the Samobor administrative territory of Zagreb County, Croatia.
Bordeaux (Gascon Occitan: Bordèu) is a port city on the Garonne in the Gironde department in Southwestern France.
Border controls are measures taken by a country to monitor or regulate its borders.
Bosnia and Herzegovina (or; abbreviated B&H; Bosnian and Serbian: Bosna i Hercegovina (BiH) / Боснa и Херцеговина (БиХ), Croatian: Bosna i Hercegovina (BiH)), sometimes called Bosnia-Herzegovina, and often known informally as Bosnia, is a country in Southeastern Europe located on the Balkan Peninsula.
Brčko is a town, municipality and the administrative seat of Brčko District in northern Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Bregana (Bergana) is a settlement (naselje) in the Town of Samobor, Zagreb County, Croatia.
A bridge is a structure built to span physical obstacles without closing the way underneath such as a body of water, valley, or road, for the purpose of providing passage over the obstacle.
Brod-Posavina County (Brodsko-posavska županija) is the southern Slavonian county in Croatia.
Brodski Stupnik is a municipality in Brod-Posavina County, Croatia part of Slavonski Brod built-up area.
Bucharest (București) is the capital and largest city of Romania, as well as its cultural, industrial, and financial centre.
Bulgaria (България, tr.), officially the Republic of Bulgaria (Република България, tr.), is a country in southeastern Europe.
Buzin is a village in Croatia.
A car (or automobile) is a wheeled motor vehicle used for transportation.
A cloverleaf interchange is a two-level interchange in which left turns (reverse directions in left-driving regions) are handled by ramp roads (US: ramps, UK: slip roads).
Cobblestone is a natural building material based on cobble-sized stones, and is used for pavement roads, streets, and buildings.
A coffeehouse, coffee shop or café (sometimes spelt cafe) is an establishment which primarily serves hot coffee, related coffee beverages (café latte, cappuccino, espresso), tea, and other hot beverages.
A concurrency in a road network is an instance of one physical road bearing two or more different highway, motorway, or other route numbers.
A convenience store or convenience shop is a small retail business that stocks a range of everyday items such as groceries, snack foods, confectionery, soft drinks, tobacco products, over-the-counter drugs, toiletries, newspapers, and magazines.
Croatia (Hrvatska), officially the Republic of Croatia (Republika Hrvatska), is a country at the crossroads of Central and Southeast Europe, on the Adriatic Sea.
The Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts (Academia Scientiarum et Artium Croatica, Hrvatska akademija znanosti i umjetnosti, abbrev. HAZU) is the national academy of Croatia.
The kuna is the currency of Croatia, in use since 1994 (ISO 4217 code: HRK).
The Croatian Parliament (Hrvatski sabor) or the Sabor is the unicameral representative body of the citizens of the Republic of Croatia; it is Croatia's legislature.
The Croatian Spring (Hrvatsko proljeće, also called masovni pokret or MASPOK, for "mass movement") was a cultural and political movement that emerged from the League of Communists of Croatia in the late 1960s which opposed the unitarisation and called for economic, cultural and political reforms in SFR Yugoslavia and therefore more rights for SR Croatia within Yugoslavia.
The Croatian War of Independence was fought from 1991 to 1995 between Croat forces loyal to the government of Croatia—which had declared independence from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY)—and the Serb-controlled Yugoslav People's Army (JNA) and local Serb forces, with the JNA ending its combat operations in Croatia by 1992.
A culvert is a structure that allows water to flow under a road, railroad, trail, or similar obstruction from one side to the other side.
D31 is a state road in central Croatia connecting Velika Gorica and Glina to Croatian motorway network at the A11 motorway Velika Gorica - jug (south) interchange.
D36 is a state road in central Croatia connecting Kupa River area and the city of Sisak to Croatian motorway network at the A3 motorway Popovača interchange and to the D1 state road in Karlovac in immediate vicinity of the A1 motorway Karlovac interchange.
D43 is a state road in the central Croatia connecting Đurđevac, Bjelovar, Čazma and Ivanić Grad to the A3 motorway at its southern terminus, within Ivanić Grad interchange.
D5 is a state road in the eastern Croatia the A3 motorway Okučani interchange to a number of cities in the western Slavonia region, including Pakrac and Daruvar, as well as to Drava River valley city of Virovitica.
D55 state road in the eastern part of Croatia connects the cities and towns of Vukovar, Vinkovci, Županja to the state road network of Croatia, and most notably to the A3 motorway.
Daruvar (Daruvar, Daruwar, Daruvár, Aqua Balissae) is a spa town and municipality in Slavonia, northeastern Croatia, with a population of 8,567, as of 2011.
Demining or mine clearance is the process of removing land mines from an area, while minesweeping describes the act of detecting mines.
Dugo Selo is a town in Zagreb County, Croatia.
Dumovec is a village in Croatia.
The economy of Croatia is a service-based economy with the tertiary sector accounting for 70% of total gross domestic product (GDP).
Electronic toll collection (ETC) aims to eliminate the delay on toll roads, HOV lanes, toll bridges, and toll tunnels by collecting tolls without cash and without requiring cars to stop.
The euro (sign: €; code: EUR) is the official currency of the European Union.
European route E 70 is an A-Class West-East European route, extending from A Coruña in Spain in the west to the Georgian city of Poti in the east.
The European route E 73 is a Class-A north-south European route that connects the central part of the continent, specifically Hungary and eastern Croatia to Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Adriatic Sea in the area of the port of Ploče.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
A filling station is a facility that sells fuel and engine lubricants for motor vehicles.
Garešnica is a town and municipality in Bjelovar-Bilogora County, Croatia.
Grade separation is the name given to a method of aligning a junction of two or more surface transport axes at different heights (grades) so that they will not disrupt the traffic flow on other transit routes when they cross each other.
Highways in Croatia are the main transport network in Croatia.
A hotel is an establishment that provides paid lodging on a short-term basis.
Hrvatske autoceste (HAC) or Croatian Motorways Ltd is a Croatian state-owned limited liability company tasked with management, construction and maintenance of motorways in Croatia pursuant to provisions of the Croatian Public Roads Act (Zakon o javnim cestama enacted by the Parliament of the Republic of Croatia. Tasks of the company are defined by Public Roads Act and its Founding Declaration, and the principal task of the company is management, construction and maintenance of the motorways. In practice, Hrvatske autoceste is responsible for management or development the following motorway sections: The company is currently administered by a two-person managing board consisting of Davor Mihovilić (chairman) and Marijan Sente; and five-member supervisory board. It was established on April 6, 2001, under the law promulgated on April 5, 2001, with the share capital of the company worth 131,140,100.00 Croatian kuna. Hrvatske autoceste is organized in four business sectors: Design, Construction, Financial and Economic Affairs, and Legal and General Affairs. All profits generated by Hrvatske autoceste are used for construction and maintenance of the roads the company manages.
Hrvatske ceste (lit. Croatian roads) is a Croatian state-owned company pursuant to provisions of the Croatian Public Roads Act (Zakon o javnim cestama enacted by the Parliament of the Republic of Croatia. Tasks of the company are defined by Public Roads Act and its Founding Declaration, and the principal task of the company is management, construction and maintenance of public roads. In practice, Hrvatske ceste are responsible for the State roads in Croatia (designated with D), the county (Ž) and local (L) roads are managed by county authorities, while the motorways (A) are managed by Hrvatske autoceste and other concessionaires. The company is currently administered by a three-person managing board consisting of Jakov Krešić (chairman) and five-member supervisory board. The company was first established on April 6, 2001, under the law promulgated on April 5, 2001, with the share capital of the company worth 128,898,200.00 Croatian kuna. Hrvatske ceste are organized in six business sectors: Studies and design, Construction, Maintenance, Procurement, Financial and business operations and Legal, personnel and general sectors. All profits generated by Hrvatske ceste are used for construction and maintenance of the roads the company manages.
IKEA is a Swedish-founded multinational group, that designs and sells, kitchen appliances and home accessories.
Ilok is the easternmost town and municipality in northeastern Croatia.
INA-Industrija nafte, d.d. (INA, d.d.) is a Croatian multinational oil company.
Index.hr is a Croatian news website, launched in December 2002 and based in Zagreb.
In the field of road transport, an interchange is a road junction that uses grade separation, and typically one or more ramps, to permit traffic on at least one highway to pass through the junction without interruption from any other crossing traffic stream.
The international E-road network is a numbering system for roads in Europe developed by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE).
An intersection is an at-grade junction where two or more roads meet or cross.
Ivanić-Grad or Ivanić Grad (is a town in Zagreb County, Croatia. It is part of Moslavina.
The Ivanja Reka interchange (Čvor Ivanja Reka) is a cloverleaf interchange east of Zagreb, Croatia.
Jadranska Avenue (Jadranska avenija, literally: Adriatic Avenue) is a mostly six-lane controlled-access avenue in the Novi Zagreb – zapad city district of southwestern Zagreb, Croatia.
Jakuševec (sometimes also Jakuševac) is a neighborhood in the Novi Zagreb – istok city district of Zagreb, the capital of Croatia.
The Jankomir interchange (Čvor Jankomir) is a cloverleaf interchange west of Zagreb, Croatia.
Jasenovac is a village and a municipality in Croatian Slavonia, in the southern part of the Sisak-Moslavina County at the confluence of the river Una into Sava.
Jutarnji list is a Croatian daily newspaper, founded and continuously published in Zagreb since April, 6, 1998, by EPH (Europapress holding, owned by Ninoslav Pavić) which eventually changed name in Hanza Media, when bought by Marijan Hanžeković.
Križ is a village and a municipality of western Moslavina, located southeast from Zagreb, near Ivanić-Grad.
Kutina is a city in central Croatia, the largest settlement in the hilly region of Moslavina, in the Sisak-Moslavina County.
A land mine is an explosive device concealed under or on the ground and designed to destroy or disable enemy targets, ranging from combatants to vehicles and tanks, as they pass over or near it.
In the context of traffic control, a lane is part of a roadway (carriageway) that is designated for use by a single line of vehicles, to control and guide drivers and reduce traffic conflicts.
Lipik is a town in western Slavonia, in the Požega-Slavonia County of northeastern Croatia.
Lipovac is a village located in Srijem, eastern Croatia, at the border with Serbia.
Lipovljani is a municipality in Croatian Slavonia in the Sisak-Moslavina County.
Liquefied petroleum gas or liquid petroleum gas (LPG or LP gas), also referred to as simply propane or butane, are flammable mixtures of hydrocarbon gases used as fuel in heating appliances, cooking equipment, and vehicles.
An urbanized area in Croatia can gain the status of grad (which can be translated as town or city as there is no distinction between the two terms in Croatian) if it meets one of the following requirements.
Ljubljana (locally also; also known by other, historical names) is the capital and largest city of Slovenia.
Ljubljanska Avenue is one of the most travelled thoroughfares in Zagreb, Croatia.
Lonjsko Polje (English: Lonja Field) is the largest protected wetland in both Croatia and the entire Danube basin.
The Lučko interchange (Čvor Lučko) is a hybrid (Full Y / Half-Clover) interchange in Zagreb, Croatia.
Lužani is a village in Croatia.
Matica hrvatska (Matrix Croatica) is the oldest independent, non-profit and non-governmental Croatian national institution.
The median strip or central reservation is the reserved area that separates opposing lanes of traffic on divided roadways, such as divided highways, dual carriageways, freeways, and motorways.
The Ministry of Maritime Affairs, Transport and Infrastructure of the Republic of Croatia (Ministarstvo pomorstva, prometa i infrastrukture Republike Hrvatske, MPPI RH) is a ministry in the Government of Croatia.
A motel is a hotel designed for motorists and usually has a parking area for motor vehicles.
Nacional is a Croatian weekly news magazine published in Zagreb.
Narodne novine (The People's Newspaper) is the official gazette (or newspaper of public record) of the Republic of Croatia which publishes laws, regulations, appointments and official decisions and releases them in the public domain.
Nova Gradiška is a city located in the Brod-Posavina County of Croatia, population 14,229 (2011).
Nova TV is a Croatian commercial television network launched in November 2000.
Novi Zagreb (literally "New Zagreb") is the part of the city of Zagreb located south of the Sava river, on the way from the Franjo Tuđman airport to the city center.
Novska is a town in the Sisak-Moslavina County of Croatia.
Okučani is a village in western Slavonia, Croatia.
Operation Flash (Operacija Bljesak/Операција Бљесак) was a brief Croatian Army (HV) offensive conducted against forces of the self-declared Republic of Serbian Krajina (RSK) from 1–3 May 1995.
Oprisavci is a village and municipality in Brod-Posavina County, Croatia.
Orašje (Орашје) is a village, municipality and the capital of Posavina Canton of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Osijek is the fourth largest city in Croatia with a population of 108,048 in 2011.
Pakrac is a town in western Slavonia, Croatia, population 4,842, total municipality population 8,460 (census 2011).
The Corridor X is one of the pan-European corridors.
The ten Pan-European transport corridors were defined at the second Pan-European transport Conference in Crete, March 1994, as routes in Central and Eastern Europe that required major investment over the next ten to fifteen years.
A picnic is a meal taken outdoors (''al fresco'') as part of an excursion – ideally in scenic surroundings, such as a park, lakeside, or other place affording an interesting view, or else in conjunction with a public event such as preceding an open-air theatre performance, and usually in summer.
Pleternica is a town in the region of Slavonia, Croatia, southeast of Požega, in the Požega Valley (Požeška kotlina).
Požega is a city in western Slavonia, eastern Croatia, with a total population of 26,248 (census 2011).
Popovača is a town in Croatia in the Moslavina geographical region.
Poslovni dnevnik (The Business Daily) is a Croatian daily business newspaper published in Zagreb.
Prvča is a village in Brod-Posavina County in Croatia.
A public toilet is a room or small building with one or more toilets (or urinals) available for use by the general public, or by customers or employees of a business.
Radio Television of Serbia (Радио-телевизија Србије (РТС)/Radio-televizija Srbije (RTS)) is the public broadcaster in Serbia.
Macedonia (translit), officially the Republic of Macedonia, is a country in the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
A rest area is a public facility, located next to a large thoroughfare such as a highway, expressway, or freeway, at which drivers and passengers can rest, eat, or refuel without exiting onto secondary roads.
A restaurant, or an eatery, is a business which prepares and serves food and drinks to customers in exchange for money.
Rijeka (Fiume; Reka; Sankt Veit am Flaum; see other names) is the principal seaport and the third-largest city in Croatia (after Zagreb and Split).
Rugvica is a municipality in Croatia in the Zagreb County.
A recreational vehicle park (RV park) or caravan park is a place where people with recreational vehicles can stay overnight, or longer, in allotted spaces known as "sites" or "campsites".
Samobor is a city in Zagreb County, Croatia.
The Serbian Autonomous Oblast of Western Slavonia (Srpska autonomna oblast Zapadna Slavonija, Српска аутономна област Западна Славонија) was a Serbian self-proclaimed autonomous region (oblast) within Croatia.
Sarajevo (see names in other languages) is the capital and largest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina, with a population of 275,524 in its current administrative limits.
The Sava (Сава) is a river in Central and Southeastern Europe, a right tributary of the Danube.
The Sava Bridge is located between Kosnica and Ivanja Reka interchanges of the A3 motorway near Zagreb in Croatia, spanning Sava River.
A semi-trailer truck (more commonly semi truck or simply "semi") is the combination of a tractor unit and one or more semi-trailers to carry freight.
Serbia (Србија / Srbija),Pannonian Rusyn: Сербия; Szerbia; Albanian and Romanian: Serbia; Slovak and Czech: Srbsko,; Сърбия.
A shoulder, or hard shoulder is an emergency stopping lane by the verge of a road or motorway, on the right in countries which drive on the right, or on the left side in India, Japan, the UK, Australia, and other left-side driving countries.
Sisak (Sziszek; also known by other alternative names) is a city and episcopal see in central Croatia, located at the confluence of the Kupa, Sava and Odra rivers, southeast of the Croatian capital Zagreb, and is usually considered to be where the Posavina (Sava basin) begins, with an elevation of 99 m. The city's total population in 2011 was 47,768 of which 33,322 live in the urban settlement (naselje).
Sisak-Moslavina County (Sisačko-moslavačka županija) is a Croatian county in eastern Central Croatia and southwestern Slavonia.
Slavonia (Slavonija) is, with Dalmatia, Croatia proper and Istria, one of the four historical regions of Croatia.
Slavonska Avenue (Slavonska avenija) is a controlled-access avenue in Zagreb, Croatia.
Slavonski Šamac is a municipality and a port on the river Sava in Croatia.
Slavonski Brod (literally Slavonian Crossing), commonly shortened to simply Brod, is a city in eastern Croatia, near the border with Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Slovenia (Slovenija), officially the Republic of Slovenia (Slovene:, abbr.: RS), is a country in southern Central Europe, located at the crossroads of main European cultural and trade routes.
The Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFR Yugoslavia or SFRY) was a socialist state led by the League of Communists of Yugoslavia, that existed from its foundation in the aftermath of World War II until its dissolution in 1992 amid the Yugoslav Wars.
The Socialist Republic of Croatia (Socijalistička Republika Hrvatska; Serbian: Социјалистичка Република Хрватска; Socijalistička Republika Hrvatska/Социјалистичка Република Хрватска) was a constituent republic and federated state of Yugoslavia. By its constitution, modern-day Croatia is its direct continuation. Along with five other Yugoslav republics, it was formed during World War II and became a socialist republic after the war. It had four full official names during its 48-year existence (see below). By territory and population, it was the second largest republic in Yugoslavia, after the Socialist Republic of Serbia. In 1990, the government dismantled the single-party system of government - installed by the Communist Party - and adopted a multi-party democracy. The newly elected government of Franjo Tuđman moved the republic towards independence, formally seceding from Yugoslavia in 1991 and thereby contributing to its dissolution.
Spačva is a geographic microregion in Croatia.
Split (see other names) is the second-largest city of Croatia and the largest city of the region of Dalmatia. It lies on the eastern shore of the Adriatic Sea and is spread over a central peninsula and its surroundings. An intraregional transport hub and popular tourist destination, the city is linked to the Adriatic islands and the Apennine peninsula. Home to Diocletian's Palace, built for the Roman emperor in 305 CE, the city was founded as the Greek colony of Aspálathos (Aσπάλαθος) in the 3rd or 2nd century BC. It became a prominent settlement around 650 CE when it succeeded the ancient capital of the Roman province of Dalmatia, Salona. After the Sack of Salona by the Avars and Slavs, the fortified Palace of Diocletian was settled by the Roman refugees. Split became a Byzantine city, to later gradually drift into the sphere of the Republic of Venice and the Kingdom of Croatia, with the Byzantines retaining nominal suzerainty. For much of the High and Late Middle Ages, Split enjoyed autonomy as a free city, caught in the middle of a struggle between Venice and the King of Hungary for control over the Dalmatian cities. Venice eventually prevailed and during the early modern period Split remained a Venetian city, a heavily fortified outpost surrounded by Ottoman territory. Its hinterland was won from the Ottomans in the Morean War of 1699, and in 1797, as Venice fell to Napoleon, the Treaty of Campo Formio rendered the city to the Habsburg Monarchy. In 1805, the Peace of Pressburg added it to the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy and in 1806 it was included in the French Empire, becoming part of the Illyrian Provinces in 1809. After being occupied in 1813, it was eventually granted to the Austrian Empire following the Congress of Vienna, where the city remained a part of the Austrian Kingdom of Dalmatia until the fall of Austria-Hungary in 1918 and the formation of Yugoslavia. In World War II, the city was annexed by Italy, then liberated by the Partisans after the Italian capitulation in 1943. It was then re-occupied by Germany, which granted it to its puppet Independent State of Croatia. The city was liberated again by the Partisans in 1944, and was included in the post-war Socialist Yugoslavia, as part of its republic of Croatia. In 1991, Croatia seceded from Yugoslavia amid the Croatian War of Independence.
The Sredanci interchange (Čvor Sredanci) is a cloverleaf interchange east of Slavonski Brod, Croatia.
A stack interchange, or colloquially butterfly junction, is a particular, free-flowing type of designs for interchanges, meaning grade-separated road junctions.
Stara Gradiška (Altgradisch) is a village and a municipality in Slavonia, in the Brod-Posavina County of Croatia.
The Strategic Studies Institute (SSI) is the U.S. Army's institute for strategic and national security research and analysis.
Sveta Klara is a settlement in the southern part of Zagreb, Croatia.
Sveta Nedelja (until 1991: Sveta Nedjelja, literally Holy Sunday in English, or Saint Kyriake) is a town in Zagreb County, Croatia.
A ticket system toll road (also known as closed toll collection system, as opposed to a flat-rate toll road, is utilized by some state toll road or highway agencies that allows a motorist to pay a toll rate based on the distance traveled from their origin to their destination exit. The correct toll rate per user is easily determined by requiring all users to take a ticket from a machine or from an attendant when entering the system. The ticket prominently displays the location (or exit number) from which it was dispensed and a precomputed chart of toll rates with a list of all exits on one axis and various sizes of vehicles on the other axis. Upon arrival at the toll booth at the destination exit, the motorist presents the ticket to the toll collector, who determines the correct toll. If no ticket is presented (i.e. the ticket is lost), generally the highest possible toll is charged. First employed on the Pennsylvania Turnpike when it opened in 1940, it has been utilized on lengthy toll highways in which the exits are spread out over a distance on an average of per exit. Flat-rate highways, on the other hand, have mainline toll booths placed at equal distances on the highway, with ramps, depending on the direction of travel, having either coin or token-drop baskets or toll barriers or no barriers at all.
A toll road, also known as a turnpike or tollway, is a public or private road for which a fee (or toll) is assessed for passage.
Tovarnik is a municipality in the Vukovar-Syrmia County in Croatia next to the border with Serbia.
Traffic lights, also known as traffic signals, traffic lamps, traffic semaphore, signal lights, stop lights, robots (in South Africa and most of Africa), and traffic control signals (in technical parlance), are signalling devices positioned at road intersections, pedestrian crossings, and other locations to control flows of traffic.
Transport in Croatia relies on several main modes, including transport by road, rail, water and air.
Turin (Torino; Turin) is a city and an important business and cultural centre in northern Italy.
Turkey (Türkiye), officially the Republic of Turkey (Türkiye Cumhuriyeti), is a transcontinental country in Eurasia, mainly in Anatolia in Western Asia, with a smaller portion on the Balkan peninsula in Southeast Europe.
Unexploded ordnance (UXO, sometimes abbreviated as UO), unexploded bombs (UXBs), or explosive remnants of war (ERW) are explosive weapons (bombs, shells, grenades, land mines, naval mines, cluster munition, etc.) that did not explode when they were employed and still pose a risk of detonation, sometimes many decades after they were used or discarded.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
A variable- (also changeable-, electronic-, or dynamic-) message sign, often abbreviated VMS, CMS, or DMS, and in the UK known as a matrix sign, is an electronic traffic sign often used on roadways to give travelers information about special events.
Večernji list (also known as Večernjak, Evening paper) is a conservative Croatian daily newspaper published in Zagreb.
There are two forms of vehicle classification in Croatia.
Velika Gorica (meaning "Great Hills") is the largest and most populous city in Zagreb County, Croatia.
Velika Kopanica is a village and municipality in Brod-Posavina County, Croatia.
Velika Kosnica is a village in Croatia.
Vinkovci is a city in Slavonia, in the Vukovar-Srijem County in eastern Croatia.
Vrbanja is a municipality in Croatia.
Vukovar (ВуковарThe official use of Serbian Cyrillic in Vukovar is subject to a dispute involving the local and national authorities, and is the source of a current political controversy. See #Minority languages.) is a city in eastern Croatia.
Vukovar-Srijem County (Vukovarsko-srijemska županija) is the easternmost Croatian county.
The wearing course is the upper layer in roadway, airfield, and dockyard construction.
Youth work actions (Serbo-Croatian: Omladinske radne akcije, often abbreviated to ORA, Slovenian: Mladinske delovne akcije) were organized voluntary labor activities of young people in the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
The Yugoslav People's Army (Jugoslovenska narodna armija / Југословенска народна армија / Jugoslavenska narodna armija; also Yugoslav National Army), often referred-to simply by the initialism JNA, was the military of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
Zagreb is the capital and the largest city of Croatia.
Zagreb bypass (obilaznica, zaobilaznica) is a U-shaped motorway partially encircling Zagreb, Croatia.
Zagreb County (Zagrebačka županija) is a county in central Croatia.
Zagrebačka Avenue is an important east-west avenue in western Zagreb, Croatia.