53 relations: Anticonvulsant, Barbexaclone, Barbiturate, Beclamide, Benzodiazepine, Brivaracetam, Carbamazepine, Carboxamide, Carisbamate, Clonazepam, Eslicarbazepine acetate, Ethadione, Ethosuximide, Ethotoin, Fatty acid, Felbamate, Fosphenytoin, Gabapentin, Gamma-Aminobutyric acid, Hydantoin, Imepitoin, Lacosamide, Lamotrigine, Levetiracetam, Mephenytoin, Mesuximide, Metharbital, Methylphenobarbital, Oxazolidine, Oxcarbazepine, Paramethadione, Perampanel, Phenacemide, Pheneturide, Phenobarbital, Phensuximide, Phenytoin, Potassium bromide, Pregabalin, Primidone, Progabide, Retigabine, Rufinamide, Stiripentol, Succinimide, Sultiame, Tiagabine, Topiramate, Trimethadione, Valproate, ..., Valpromide, Vigabatrin, Zonisamide. Expand index (3 more) » « Shrink index
Anticonvulsants (also commonly known as antiepileptic drugs or as antiseizure drugs) are a diverse group of pharmacological agents used in the treatment of epileptic seizures.
Barbexaclone (Maliasin) is a salt compound of phenobarbital and levopropylhexedrine.
A barbiturate is a drug that acts as a central nervous system depressant, and can therefore produce a wide spectrum of effects, from mild sedation to death.
Beclamide (marketed as Chloracon, Hibicon, Posedrine, Nydrane, Seclar, and other names) is a drug that possesses anticonvulsant activity.
Benzodiazepines (BZD, BZs), sometimes called "benzos", are a class of psychoactive drugs whose core chemical structure is the fusion of a benzene ring and a diazepine ring.
Brivaracetam (trade name Briviact), a chemical analog of levetiracetam, is a racetam derivative with anticonvulsant (antiepileptic) properties.
Carbamazepine (CBZ), sold under the tradename Tegretol, among others, is a medication used primarily in the treatment of epilepsy and neuropathic pain.
In organic chemistry carboxamides (or amino carbonyls) are functional groups with the general structure R-CO-NR'R′′ with R, R', and R′′ as organic substituents, or hydrogen.
Carisbamate (YKP 509, proposed trade name Comfyde) is an experimental anticonvulsant drug under development by Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research and Development.
Clonazepam, sold under the brand name Klonopin among others, is a medication used to prevent and treat seizures, panic disorder, and for the movement disorder known as akathisia.
Eslicarbazepine acetate (trade names Aptiom in North America, Zebinix in Europe, Exalief in Russia, Eslicarba in Egypt), abbreviated as ESL, is an anticonvulsant medication approved for use in Europe and the United States as monotherapy or adjunctive therapy (additional therapy) for partial-onset seizures epilepsy.
Ethadione is an anticonvulsant medication in the oxazolidinedione family used mainly to treat seizures.
Ethosuximide, sold under the brand name Zarontin among others, is a medication used to treat absence seizures.
Ethotoin (marketed as Peganone by Ovation) is an anticonvulsant drug used in the treatment of epilepsy.
In chemistry, particularly in biochemistry, a fatty acid is a carboxylic acid with a long aliphatic chain, which is either saturated or unsaturated.
Felbamate (marketed under the brand name Felbatol by MedPointe) is an anticonvulsant used in the treatment of epilepsy.
Fosphenytoin (fosphenytoin sodium, trade names Cerebyx, Parke-Davis; Prodilantin, Pfizer Holding France) is a water-soluble phenytoin prodrug that is administered intravenously to deliver phenytoin, potentially more safely than intravenous phenytoin.
Gabapentin, sold under the brand name Neurontin among others, is a medication which is used to treat epilepsy (specifically partial seizures), neuropathic pain, hot flashes, and restless legs syndrome.
gamma-Aminobutyric acid, or γ-aminobutyric acid, or GABA, is the chief inhibitory neurotransmitter in the mammalian central nervous system.
Hydantoin, or glycolylurea, is a heterocyclic organic compound with the formula CH2C(O)NHC(O)NH.
Imepitoin, sold under the brand name Pexion, is an anticonvulsant which is used in veterinary medicine in Europe to treat epilepsy in dogs.
Lacosamide (INN, formerly known as erlosamide, harkeroside, SPM 927, or ADD 234037), is a medication for the adjunctive treatment of partial-onset seizures and diabetic neuropathic pain.
Lamotrigine, sold as the brand name Lamictal among others, is an anticonvulsant medication used to treat epilepsy and bipolar disorder.
Levetiracetam, marketed under the trade names Keppra among others, is a medication used to treat epilepsy.
Mephenytoin (marketed as Mesantoin by Novartis) is a hydantoin, used as an anticonvulsant.
Mesuximide (or methsuximide, methosuximide) is a succinimide anticonvulsant medication.
Metharbital was patented in 1905 by Emil Fischer working for Merck.
Methylphenobarbital (INN), also known as mephobarbital (USAN, JAN) and mephobarbitone (BAN), marketed under brand names such as Mebaral, Mephyltaletten, Phemiton, and Prominal, is a drug which is a barbiturate derivative and is used primarily as an anticonvulsant, but also as a sedative and anxiolytic.
An oxazolidine is a five-membered ring compound consisting of three carbons, a nitrogen, and an oxygen.
Oxcarbazepine is an anticonvulsant drug primarily used in the treatment of epilepsy. There is some evidence for oxcarbazepine as a mood-stabilizing agent and thus, it can be used as add-on therapy for bipolar disorder in patients that have failed or are unable to tolerate approved treatments. Common side effects include nausea, vomiting, dizziness, drowsiness, headache, double vision and trouble with walking. Although not common, anaphylaxis may occur. Due to its structural similarities to carbamazepine there is approximately a 25–30% chance of cross-reactivity between the two medications. Oxcarbazepine is marketed as Trileptal by Novartis and available in some countries as a generic drug. There is also an extended-release formulation marketed as Oxtellar XR by Supernus Pharmaceuticals.
Paramethadione (brand name Paradione) is an anticonvulsant in the oxazolidinedione class developed by the Illinois-based pharmaceutical company Abbott Laboratories (known as AbbVie since January 1, 2013), and approved by the Food and Drug Administration in 1949 for the treatment of absence seizures, also called partial seizures.
Perampanel (sold under the trade name Fycompa) is an antiepileptic drug developed by Eisai Co. that is used in addition to other drugs to treat partial seizures and generalized tonic-clonic seizures for people older than 12 years.
Phenacemide (INN, BAN) (brand name Phenurone), also known as phenylacetylurea, is an anticonvulsant of the ureide (acetylurea) class.
Pheneturide (INN, BAN) (brand names Benuride, Deturid, Pheneturid, Septotence, Trinuride), also known as phenylethylacetylurea (or ethylphenacemide), is an anticonvulsant of the ureide class.
Phenobarbital, also known as phenobarbitone or phenobarb, is a medication recommended by the World Health Organization for the treatment of certain types of epilepsy in developing countries.
Phensuximide is an anticonvulsant in the succinimide class.
Phenytoin (PHT), sold under the brand name Dilantin among others, is an anti-seizure medication.
Potassium bromide (KBr) is a salt, widely used as an anticonvulsant and a sedative in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, with over-the-counter use extending to 1975 in the US.
Pregabalin, marketed under the brand name Lyrica among others, is a medication used to treat epilepsy, neuropathic pain, fibromyalgia, and generalized anxiety disorder.
Primidone (INN, BAN, USP) is an anticonvulsant of the barbiturate class.
Progabide (INN) (trade name Gabrene, Sanofi-Aventis) is an analogue and prodrug of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) used in the treatment of epilepsy.
Retigabine or ezogabine is an anticonvulsant used as an adjunctive treatment for partial epilepsies in treatment-experienced adult patients.
Rufinamide is an anticonvulsant medication.
Stiripentol (marketed as Diacomit by Laboratoires Biocodex) is an anticonvulsant drug used in the treatment of epilepsy.
Succinimide is an organic compound with the formula (CH2)2(CO)2NH.
Sultiame, also known as sulthiame, is a sulfonamide and inhibitor of the enzyme carbonic anhydrase.
Tiagabine (trade name Gabitril) is an anticonvulsant medication used in the treatment of epilepsy that is produced by Cephalon.
Topiramate (brand name Topamax) is an anticonvulsant (antiepilepsy) drug.
Trimethadione is an oxazolidinedione anticonvulsant.
Valproate (VPA), and its valproic acid, sodium valproate, and valproate semisodium forms, are medications primarily used to treat epilepsy and bipolar disorder and to prevent migraine headaches.
Valpromide (marketed as Depamide by Sanofi-Aventis) is a carboxamide derivative of valproic acid used in the treatment of epilepsy and some affective disorders.
Vigabatrin, brand name Sabril, is an antiepileptic drug that inhibits the breakdown of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) by acting as a suicide inhibitor of the enzyme GABA transaminase (GABA-T).
Zonisamide is a medication used to treat the symptoms of epilepsy and Parkinson's disease.
ATC code N03A, ATC code N03AA, ATC code N03AB, ATC code N03AC, ATC code N03AD, ATC code N03AE, ATC code N03AF, ATC code N03AG, ATC code N03AX, ATCvet code QN03, ATCvet code QN03A, ATCvet code QN03AA, ATCvet code QN03AB, ATCvet code QN03AC, ATCvet code QN03AD, ATCvet code QN03AE, ATCvet code QN03AF, ATCvet code QN03AG, ATCvet code QN03AX, QN03.