137 relations: Angel, Animal, Aristocracy, Art, Astronomy, Beauty, Being, Causality, Chicago Tribune, Citizenship, Civil and political rights, Classical element, Clifton Fadiman, Constitution, Contingency (philosophy), Convention (norm), Courage, Death, Definition, Democracy, Despotism, Destiny, Dialectic, Duty, Education, Egalitarianism, Elizabeth II, Emotion, Encyclopædia Britannica, Eternity, Evil, Evolution, Experience, Family, God, Good and evil, Government, Great books, Great Books of the Western World, Great Conversation, Habituation, Happiness, Harry S. Truman, Harvard Classics, History, Homer, Honour, Hypothesis, Idea, Identity (philosophy), ..., Imagination, Immortality, Indeterminism, Inductive reasoning, Infinity, Interpersonal attraction, Judgement, Justice, Knowledge, Labour economics, Language, Law, Liberty, Life, Logic, Look (American magazine), Los Angeles Times, Love, Man, Mathematics, Matter, Mechanics, Medicine, Memory, Metaphysical necessity, Metaphysics, Mind, Monarchy, Mortimer J. Adler, Nature, New York Herald, Oligarchy, Opinion, Other (philosophy), Pain, Particular, Peace, Philosophy, Physics, Pleasure, Poetry, Principle, Progress (history), Propædia, Property (philosophy), Prophecy, Prudence, Punishment, Quality (philosophy), Quantity, Reason, Religion, Revolution, Rhetoric, Robert Maynard Hutchins, Saul Bellow, Science, Sense, Sigmund Freud, Sign (linguistics), Sin, Slavery, Social equality, Soul, Sovereign state, Space, Symbol, Temperance (virtue), The New York Times, The New York Times Book Review, Theology, Time, Time (magazine), Truth, Tyrant, Universal (metaphysics), University of Chicago, Vice, Virtue, War, Wealth, Western canon, Will (philosophy), William Benton (senator), Wisdom, World, 1. Expand index (87 more) » « Shrink index
An angel is generally a supernatural being found in various religions and mythologies.
Animals are multicellular eukaryotic organisms that form the biological kingdom Animalia.
Aristocracy (Greek ἀριστοκρατία aristokratía, from ἄριστος aristos "excellent", and κράτος kratos "power") is a form of government that places strength in the hands of a small, privileged ruling class.
Art is a diverse range of human activities in creating visual, auditory or performing artifacts (artworks), expressing the author's imaginative, conceptual idea, or technical skill, intended to be appreciated for their beauty or emotional power.
Astronomy (from ἀστρονομία) is a natural science that studies celestial objects and phenomena.
Beauty is a characteristic of an animal, idea, object, person or place that provides a perceptual experience of pleasure or satisfaction.
Being is the general concept encompassing objective and subjective features of reality and existence.
Causality (also referred to as causation, or cause and effect) is what connects one process (the cause) with another process or state (the effect), where the first is partly responsible for the second, and the second is partly dependent on the first.
The Chicago Tribune is a daily newspaper based in Chicago, Illinois, United States, owned by Tronc, Inc., formerly Tribune Publishing.
Citizenship is the status of a person recognized under the custom or law as being a legal member of a sovereign state or belonging to a nation.
Civil and political rights are a class of rights that protect individuals' freedom from infringement by governments, social organizations, and private individuals.
Classical elements typically refer to the concepts in ancient Greece of earth, water, air, fire, and aether, which were proposed to explain the nature and complexity of all matter in terms of simpler substances.
Clifton Paul "Kip" Fadiman (May 15, 1904 – June 20, 1999) was an American intellectual, author, editor, radio and television personality. He began his work with the radio, and switched to television later in his career.
A constitution is a set of fundamental principles or established precedents according to which a state or other organization is governed.
In philosophy and logic, contingency is the status of propositions that are neither true under every possible valuation (i.e. tautologies) nor false under every possible valuation (i.e. contradictions).
A convention is a set of agreed, stipulated, or generally accepted standards, norms, social norms, or criteria, often taking the form of a custom.
Courage (also called bravery or valour) is the choice and willingness to confront agony, pain, danger, uncertainty, or intimidation.
Death is the cessation of all biological functions that sustain a living organism.
A definition is a statement of the meaning of a term (a word, phrase, or other set of symbols).
Democracy (δημοκρατία dēmokraa thetía, literally "rule by people"), in modern usage, has three senses all for a system of government where the citizens exercise power by voting.
Despotism (Δεσποτισμός, Despotismós) is a form of government in which a single entity rules with absolute power.
Destiny, sometimes referred to as fate (from Latin fatum – destiny), is a predetermined course of events.
Dialectic or dialectics (διαλεκτική, dialektikḗ; related to dialogue), also known as the dialectical method, is at base a discourse between two or more people holding different points of view about a subject but wishing to establish the truth through reasoned arguments.
A duty (from "due" meaning "that which is owing"; deu, did, past participle of devoir; debere, debitum, whence "debt") is a commitment or expectation to perform some action in general or if certain circumstances arise.
Education is the process of facilitating learning, or the acquisition of knowledge, skills, values, beliefs, and habits.
Egalitarianism – or equalitarianism – is a school of thought that prioritizes equality for all people.
Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms.
Emotion is any conscious experience characterized by intense mental activity and a certain degree of pleasure or displeasure.
The Encyclopædia Britannica (Latin for "British Encyclopaedia"), published by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., is a general knowledge English-language encyclopaedia.
Eternity in common parlance is an infinitely long period of time.
Evil, in a colloquial sense, is the opposite of good, the word being an efficient substitute for the more precise but religion-associated word "wickedness." As defined in philosophy it is the name for the psychology and instinct of individuals which selfishly but often necessarily defends the personal boundary against deadly attacks and serious threats.
Evolution is change in the heritable characteristics of biological populations over successive generations.
Experience is the knowledge or mastery of an event or subject gained through involvement in or exposure to it.
Every person has his/her own family.mother reproduces with husband for children.In the context of human society, a family (from familia) is a group of people related either by consanguinity (by recognized birth), affinity (by marriage or other relationship), or co-residence (as implied by the etymology of the English word "family" from Latin familia 'family servants, domestics collectively, the servants in a household,' thus also 'members of a household, the estate, property; the household, including relatives and servants,' abstract noun formed from famulus 'servant, slave ') or some combination of these.
In monotheistic thought, God is conceived of as the Supreme Being and the principal object of faith.
In religion, ethics, philosophy, and psychology "good and evil" is a very common dichotomy.
A government is the system or group of people governing an organized community, often a state.
The great books are books that are thought to constitute an essential foundation in the literature of Western culture.
Great Books of the Western World is a series of books originally published in the United States in 1952, by Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., to present the Great Books in a 54-volume set.
The Great Conversation is the ongoing process of writers and thinkers referencing, building on, and refining the work of their predecessors.
Habituation is a form of learning in which an organism decreases or ceases its responses to a stimulus after repeated or prolonged presentations.
In psychology, happiness is a mental or emotional state of well-being which can be defined by positive or pleasant emotions ranging from contentment to intense joy.
Harry S. Truman (May 8, 1884 – December 26, 1972) was an American statesman who served as the 33rd President of the United States (1945–1953), taking office upon the death of Franklin D. Roosevelt.
The Harvard Universal Classics, originally known as Dr.
History (from Greek ἱστορία, historia, meaning "inquiry, knowledge acquired by investigation") is the study of the past as it is described in written documents.
Homer (Ὅμηρος, Hómēros) is the name ascribed by the ancient Greeks to the legendary author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, two epic poems that are the central works of ancient Greek literature.
Honour (or honor in American English, note) is the idea of a bond between an individual and a society, as a quality of a person that is both of social teaching and of personal ethos, that manifests itself as a code of conduct, and has various elements such as valor, chivalry, honesty, and compassion.
A hypothesis (plural hypotheses) is a proposed explanation for a phenomenon.
In philosophy, ideas are usually taken as mental representational images of some object.
In philosophy, identity, from ("sameness"), is the relation each thing bears only to itself.
Imagination is the capacity to produce images, ideas and sensations in the mind without any immediate input of the senses (such as seeing or hearing).
Immortality is eternal life, being exempt from death, unending existence.
Indeterminism is the idea that events (certain events, or events of certain types) are not caused, or not caused deterministically.
Inductive reasoning (as opposed to ''deductive'' reasoning or ''abductive'' reasoning) is a method of reasoning in which the premises are viewed as supplying some evidence for the truth of the conclusion.
Infinity (symbol) is a concept describing something without any bound or larger than any natural number.
Interpersonal attraction is the attraction between people which leads to an relationships both platonic or romantic.
Judgement (or judgment) is the evaluation of evidence to make a decision.
Justice is the legal or philosophical theory by which fairness is administered.
Knowledge is a familiarity, awareness, or understanding of someone or something, such as facts, information, descriptions, or skills, which is acquired through experience or education by perceiving, discovering, or learning.
Labour economics seeks to understand the functioning and dynamics of the markets for wage labour.
Language is a system that consists of the development, acquisition, maintenance and use of complex systems of communication, particularly the human ability to do so; and a language is any specific example of such a system.
Law is a system of rules that are created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate behavior.
Liberty, in politics, consists of the social, political, and economic freedoms to which all community members are entitled.
Life is a characteristic that distinguishes physical entities that do have biological processes, such as signaling and self-sustaining processes, from those that do not, either because such functions have ceased, or because they never had such functions and are classified as inanimate.
Logic (from the logikḗ), originally meaning "the word" or "what is spoken", but coming to mean "thought" or "reason", is a subject concerned with the most general laws of truth, and is now generally held to consist of the systematic study of the form of valid inference.
Look was a bi-weekly, general-interest magazine published in Des Moines, Iowa, from 1937 to 1971, with more of an emphasis on photographs than articles.
The Los Angeles Times is a daily newspaper which has been published in Los Angeles, California since 1881.
Love encompasses a variety of different emotional and mental states, typically strongly and positively experienced, ranging from the most sublime virtue or good habit, the deepest interpersonal affection and to the simplest pleasure.
A man is a male human.
Mathematics (from Greek μάθημα máthēma, "knowledge, study, learning") is the study of such topics as quantity, structure, space, and change.
In the classical physics observed in everyday life, matter is any substance that has mass and takes up space by having volume.
Mechanics (Greek μηχανική) is that area of science concerned with the behaviour of physical bodies when subjected to forces or displacements, and the subsequent effects of the bodies on their environment.
Medicine is the science and practice of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease.
Memory is the faculty of the mind by which information is encoded, stored, and retrieved.
In philosophy, metaphysical necessity, sometimes called broad logical necessity, is one of many different kinds of necessity, which sits between logical necessity and nomological (or physical) necessity, in the sense that logical necessity entails metaphysical necessity, but not vice versa, and metaphysical necessity entails physical necessity, but not vice versa.
Metaphysics is a branch of philosophy that explores the nature of being, existence, and reality.
The mind is a set of cognitive faculties including consciousness, perception, thinking, judgement, language and memory.
A monarchy is a form of government in which a group, generally a family representing a dynasty (aristocracy), embodies the country's national identity and its head, the monarch, exercises the role of sovereignty.
Mortimer Jerome Adler (December 28, 1902 – June 28, 2001) was an American philosopher, educator, and popular author.
Nature, in the broadest sense, is the natural, physical, or material world or universe.
The New York Herald was a large-distribution newspaper based in New York City that existed between May 6, 1835, and 1924 when it merged with the New-York Tribune.
Oligarchy is a form of power structure in which power rests with a small number of people.
An opinion is a judgment, viewpoint, or statement that is not conclusive.
In phenomenology, the terms the Other and the Constitutive Other identify the other human being, in their differences from the Self, as being a cumulative, constituting factor in the self-image of a person; as their acknowledgement of being real; hence, the Other is dissimilar to and the opposite of the Self, of Us, and of the Same.
Pain is a distressing feeling often caused by intense or damaging stimuli.
In metaphysics, particulars are defined as concrete, spatiotemporal entities as opposed to abstract entities, such as properties or numbers.
Peace is the concept of harmony and the absence of hostility.
Philosophy (from Greek φιλοσοφία, philosophia, literally "love of wisdom") is the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.
Physics (from knowledge of nature, from φύσις phýsis "nature") is the natural science that studies matterAt the start of The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Richard Feynman offers the atomic hypothesis as the single most prolific scientific concept: "If, in some cataclysm, all scientific knowledge were to be destroyed one sentence what statement would contain the most information in the fewest words? I believe it is that all things are made up of atoms – little particles that move around in perpetual motion, attracting each other when they are a little distance apart, but repelling upon being squeezed into one another..." and its motion and behavior through space and time and that studies the related entities of energy and force."Physical science is that department of knowledge which relates to the order of nature, or, in other words, to the regular succession of events." Physics is one of the most fundamental scientific disciplines, and its main goal is to understand how the universe behaves."Physics is one of the most fundamental of the sciences. Scientists of all disciplines use the ideas of physics, including chemists who study the structure of molecules, paleontologists who try to reconstruct how dinosaurs walked, and climatologists who study how human activities affect the atmosphere and oceans. Physics is also the foundation of all engineering and technology. No engineer could design a flat-screen TV, an interplanetary spacecraft, or even a better mousetrap without first understanding the basic laws of physics. (...) You will come to see physics as a towering achievement of the human intellect in its quest to understand our world and ourselves."Physics is an experimental science. Physicists observe the phenomena of nature and try to find patterns that relate these phenomena.""Physics is the study of your world and the world and universe around you." Physics is one of the oldest academic disciplines and, through its inclusion of astronomy, perhaps the oldest. Over the last two millennia, physics, chemistry, biology, and certain branches of mathematics were a part of natural philosophy, but during the scientific revolution in the 17th century, these natural sciences emerged as unique research endeavors in their own right. Physics intersects with many interdisciplinary areas of research, such as biophysics and quantum chemistry, and the boundaries of physics are not rigidly defined. New ideas in physics often explain the fundamental mechanisms studied by other sciences and suggest new avenues of research in academic disciplines such as mathematics and philosophy. Advances in physics often enable advances in new technologies. For example, advances in the understanding of electromagnetism and nuclear physics led directly to the development of new products that have dramatically transformed modern-day society, such as television, computers, domestic appliances, and nuclear weapons; advances in thermodynamics led to the development of industrialization; and advances in mechanics inspired the development of calculus.
Pleasure is a broad class of mental states that humans and other animals experience as positive, enjoyable, or worth seeking.
Poetry (the term derives from a variant of the Greek term, poiesis, "making") is a form of literature that uses aesthetic and rhythmic qualities of language—such as phonaesthetics, sound symbolism, and metre—to evoke meanings in addition to, or in place of, the prosaic ostensible meaning.
A principle is a concept or value that is a guide for behavior or evaluation.
In historiography, progress (from Latin progressus, "advance", "(a) step onwards") is the study of how specific societies improved over time in terms of science, technology, modernization, liberty, democracy, longevity, quality of life, freedom from pollution and so on.
The one-volume Propædia is the first of three parts of the 15th edition of Encyclopædia Britannica, the other two being the 12-volume Micropædia and the 17-volume Macropædia.
In philosophy, mathematics, and logic, a property is a characteristic of an object; a red object is said to have the property of redness.
A prophecy is a message that is claimed by a prophet to have been communicated to them by a god.
Prudence (prudentia, contracted from providentia meaning "seeing ahead, sagacity") is the ability to govern and discipline oneself by the use of reason.
A punishment is the imposition of an undesirable or unpleasant outcome upon a group or individual, meted out by an authority—in contexts ranging from child discipline to criminal law—as a response and deterrent to a particular action or behaviour that is deemed undesirable or unacceptable.
In philosophy, a quality is an attribute or a property characteristic of an object.
Quantity is a property that can exist as a multitude or magnitude.
Reason is the capacity for consciously making sense of things, establishing and verifying facts, applying logic, and changing or justifying practices, institutions, and beliefs based on new or existing information.
Religion may be defined as a cultural system of designated behaviors and practices, world views, texts, sanctified places, prophecies, ethics, or organizations, that relates humanity to supernatural, transcendental, or spiritual elements.
In political science, a revolution (Latin: revolutio, "a turn around") is a fundamental and relatively sudden change in political power and political organization which occurs when the population revolt against the government, typically due to perceived oppression (political, social, economic).
Rhetoric is the art of discourse, wherein a writer or speaker strives to inform, persuade, or motivate particular audiences in specific situations.
Robert Maynard Hutchins (January 17, 1899 – May 14, 1977), was an American educational philosopher, president (1929–1945) and chancellor (1945–1951) of the University of Chicago, and earlier dean of Yale Law School (1927–1929).
Saul Bellow (born Solomon Bellows; 10 June 1915 – 5 April 2005) was a Canadian-American writer.
R. P. Feynman, The Feynman Lectures on Physics, Vol.1, Chaps.1,2,&3.
A sense is a physiological capacity of organisms that provides data for perception.
Sigmund Freud (born Sigismund Schlomo Freud; 6 May 1856 – 23 September 1939) was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst.
A linguistic sign is a part of language used to indicate a being.
In a religious context, sin is the act of transgression against divine law.
Slavery is any system in which principles of property law are applied to people, allowing individuals to own, buy and sell other individuals, as a de jure form of property.
Social equality is a state of affairs in which all people within a specific society or isolated group have the same status in certain respects, including civil rights, freedom of speech, property rights and equal access to certain social goods and services.
In many religious, philosophical, and mythological traditions, there is a belief in the incorporeal essence of a living being called the soul. Soul or psyche (Greek: "psychē", of "psychein", "to breathe") are the mental abilities of a living being: reason, character, feeling, consciousness, memory, perception, thinking, etc.
A sovereign state is, in international law, a nonphysical juridical entity that is represented by one centralized government that has sovereignty over a geographic area.
Space is the boundless three-dimensional extent in which objects and events have relative position and direction.
A symbol is a mark, sign or word that indicates, signifies, or is understood as representing an idea, object, or relationship.
Temperance is defined as moderation or voluntary self-restraint.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The New York Times Book Review (NYTBR) is a weekly paper-magazine supplement to The New York Times in which current non-fiction and fiction books are reviewed.
Theology is the critical study of the nature of the divine.
Time is the indefinite continued progress of existence and events that occur in apparently irreversible succession from the past through the present to the future.
Time is an American weekly news magazine and news website published in New York City.
Truth is most often used to mean being in accord with fact or reality, or fidelity to an original or standard.
A tyrant (Greek τύραννος, tyrannos), in the modern English usage of the word, is an absolute ruler unrestrained by law or person, or one who has usurped legitimate sovereignty.
In metaphysics, a universal is what particular things have in common, namely characteristics or qualities.
The University of Chicago (UChicago, U of C, or Chicago) is a private, non-profit research university in Chicago, Illinois.
Vice is a practice, behaviour, or habit generally considered immoral, sinful, criminal, rude, taboo, depraved, or degrading in the associated society.
Virtue (virtus, ἀρετή "arete") is moral excellence.
War is a state of armed conflict between states, societies and informal groups, such as insurgents and militias.
Wealth is the abundance of valuable resources or valuable material possessions.
The Western canon is the body of Western literature, European classical music, philosophy, and works of art that represents the high culture of Europe and North America: "a certain Western intellectual tradition that goes from, say, Socrates to Wittgenstein in philosophy, and from Homer to James Joyce in literature".
Will, generally, is that faculty of the mind which selects, at the moment of decision, the strongest desire from among the various desires present.
William Burnett Benton (April 1, 1900 – March 18, 1973) was an American senator from Connecticut (1949–1953) and publisher of the Encyclopædia Britannica (1943–1973).
Wisdom or sapience is the ability to think and act using knowledge, experience, understanding, common sense, and insight, especially in a mature or utilitarian manner.
The world is the planet Earth and all life upon it, including human civilization.
1 (one, also called unit, unity, and (multiplicative) identity) is a number, numeral, and glyph.