116 relations: A Dictionary of Modern English Usage, Abbreviation (music), Acronym, Afrikaans, Aldi, AMA Manual of Style, American English, American Psychological Association, Ancient Greece, Ancient Rome, Associated Press, BBC, Beowulf, Boston, C. S. Lewis, Chinese characters, Clipping (morphology), Communist International, Contraction (grammar), Council of Science Editors, Crasis, David Lloyd George, Destroyer squadron, Doctor (title), Early Modern English, East Germany, English Channel, Full stop, Gary Blake, German language, Gestapo, GSM 03.38, Haribo, Hart's Rules, In situ, In vitro, In vivo, Inch, Inklings, Intensive care unit, International scientific vocabulary, International System of Units, Interpol, Interpunct, J. R. R. Tolkien, Japanese abbreviated and contracted words, Kilometre, Komsomol, Laser, Latin, ..., Letter case, Lidar, List of abbreviations in photography, List of abbreviations used in medical prescriptions, List of acronyms, List of classical abbreviations, List of Latin phrases (E), List of Latin phrases (I), List of medieval abbreviations, LoDo, Denver, Logogram, Magnetic resonance imaging, Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices, Medical journal, Modern Language Association, Mr., National Institute of Standards and Technology, NATO, Naval Air Force Atlantic, Nazi Germany, New Latin, Newspeak, Numeronym, Ofcom, Oftel, OK, Old English, Oxford, Peking University, Pemex, Personal computer, Philology, Phonetics, Portmanteau, Professor, Radar, Robert W. Bly, Run batted in, Scuba set, Semantics, Severe acute respiratory syndrome, SMS, SMS language, SNAFU, Social networking service, SoHo, Manhattan, Sonar, South of Market, San Francisco, Special Operations Executive, Stasi, Style guide, Syllable, The Chicago Manual of Style, The Economist, The Guardian, The New York Times, The Reverend, The Right Honourable, The Straight Dope, Tribeca, Txtng: the Gr8 Db8, United Nations, United States Government Publishing Office, University of Tokyo, Welsh language, Yes and no. Expand index (66 more) » « Shrink index
A Dictionary of Modern English Usage (1926), by Henry Watson Fowler (1858–1933), is a style guide to British English usage, pronunciation, and writing.
Abbreviations in music are of two kinds, namely, abbreviations of terms related to musical expression, and the true musical abbreviations by the help of which certain passages, chords, etc., may be notated in a shortened form, to the greater convenience of both composer and performer.
An acronym is a word or name formed as an abbreviation from the initial components in a phrase or a word, usually individual letters (as in NATO or laser) and sometimes syllables (as in Benelux).
Afrikaans is a West Germanic language spoken in South Africa, Namibia and, to a lesser extent, Botswana and Zimbabwe.
Aldi (stylised as ALDI) is the common brand of two German discount supermarket chains with over 10,000 stores in 20 countries, and an estimated combined turnover of more than €50 billion.
AMA Manual of Style: A Guide for Authors and Editors is the style guide of the American Medical Association.
American English (AmE, AE, AmEng, USEng, en-US), sometimes called United States English or U.S. English, is the set of varieties of the English language native to the United States.
The American Psychological Association (APA) is the largest scientific and professional organization of psychologists in the United States, with around 117,500 members including scientists, educators, clinicians, consultants, and students.
Ancient Greece was a civilization belonging to a period of Greek history from the Greek Dark Ages of the 13th–9th centuries BC to the end of antiquity (AD 600).
In historiography, ancient Rome is Roman civilization from the founding of the city of Rome in the 8th century BC to the collapse of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century AD, encompassing the Roman Kingdom, Roman Republic and Roman Empire until the fall of the western empire.
The Associated Press (AP) is a U.S.-based not-for-profit news agency headquartered in New York City.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
Beowulf is an Old English epic story consisting of 3,182 alliterative lines.
Boston is the capital city and most populous municipality of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts in the United States.
Clive Staples Lewis (29 November 1898 – 22 November 1963) was a British novelist, poet, academic, medievalist, literary critic, essayist, lay theologian, broadcaster, lecturer, and Christian apologist.
Chinese characters are logograms primarily used in the writing of Chinese and Japanese.
In linguistics, clipping is the word formation process which consists in the reduction of a word to one of its parts (Marchand: 1969).
The Communist International (Comintern), known also as the Third International (1919–1943), was an international communist organization that advocated world communism.
A contraction is a shortened version of the written and spoken forms of a word, syllable, or word group, created by omission of internal letters and sounds.
The Council of Science Editors (CSE) is a United States-based nonprofit organization that supports editorial practice among scientific writers.
Crasis (from the Greek κρᾶσις, "mixing", "blending") is a type of contraction in which two vowels or diphthongs merge into one new vowel or diphthong, making one word out of two.
David Lloyd George, 1st Earl Lloyd-George of Dwyfor, (17 January 1863 – 26 March 1945) was a British statesman of the Liberal Party and the final Liberal to serve as Prime Minister.
A destroyer squadron is a naval squadron or flotilla usually consisting of destroyers rather than other types of vessel.
Doctor is an academic title that originates from the Latin word of the same spelling and meaning.
Early Modern English, Early New English (sometimes abbreviated to EModE, EMnE or EME) is the stage of the English language from the beginning of the Tudor period to the English Interregnum and Restoration, or from the transition from Middle English, in the late 15th century, to the transition to Modern English, in the mid-to-late 17th century.
East Germany, officially the German Democratic Republic (GDR; Deutsche Demokratische Republik, DDR), existed from 1949 to 1990 and covers the period when the eastern portion of Germany existed as a state that was part of the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War period.
The English Channel (la Manche, "The Sleeve"; Ärmelkanal, "Sleeve Channel"; Mor Breizh, "Sea of Brittany"; Mor Bretannek, "Sea of Brittany"), also called simply the Channel, is the body of water that separates southern England from northern France and links the southern part of the North Sea to the Atlantic Ocean.
The full point or full stop (British and broader Commonwealth English) or period (North American English) is a punctuation mark.
German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.
The Gestapo, abbreviation of Geheime Staatspolizei (Secret State Police), was the official secret police of Nazi Germany and German-occupied Europe.
In mobile telephony GSM 03.38 or 3GPP 23.038 is a character set used in the Short Message Service of GSM based cell phones.
Haribo is a German confectionery company, founded in 1920 by Johannes "Hans" Riegel, Sr.
Hart's Rules for Compositors and Readers at the University Press, Oxford – today published under the short title New Hart's Rules – is an authoritative reference book and style guide published in England by Oxford University Press (OUP).
In situ (often not italicized in English) is a Latin phrase that translates literally to "on site" or "in position".
In vitro (meaning: in the glass) studies are performed with microorganisms, cells, or biological molecules outside their normal biological context.
Studies that are in vivo (Latin for "within the living"; often not italicized in English) are those in which the effects of various biological entities are tested on whole, living organisms or cells, usually animals, including humans, and plants, as opposed to a tissue extract or dead organism.
The inch (abbreviation: in or &Prime) is a unit of length in the (British) imperial and United States customary systems of measurement now formally equal to yard but usually understood as of a foot.
The Inklings were an informal literary discussion group associated with the University of Oxford, England, for nearly two decades between the early 1930s and late 1949.
Intensive care unit An intensive care unit (ICU), also known as an intensive therapy unit or intensive treatment unit (ITU) or critical care unit (CCU), is a special department of a hospital or health care facility that provides intensive treatment medicine.
International scientific vocabulary (ISV) comprises scientific and specialized words whose language of origin may or may not be certain, but which are in current use in several modern languages (that is, translingually).
The International System of Units (SI, abbreviated from the French Système international (d'unités)) is the modern form of the metric system, and is the most widely used system of measurement.
The International Criminal Police Organization (Organisation internationale de police criminelle; ICPO-INTERPOL), more commonly known as Interpol, is an international organization that facilitates international police cooperation.
An interpunct (·), also known as an interpoint, middle dot, middot, and centered dot or centred dot, is a punctuation mark consisting of a vertically centered dot used for interword separation in ancient Latin script.
John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, (Tolkien pronounced his surname, see his phonetic transcription published on the illustration in The Return of the Shadow: The History of The Lord of the Rings, Part One. Christopher Tolkien. London: Unwin Hyman, 1988. (The History of Middle-earth; 6). In General American the surname is also pronounced. This pronunciation no doubt arose by analogy with such words as toll and polka, or because speakers of General American realise as, while often hearing British as; thus or General American become the closest possible approximation to the Received Pronunciation for many American speakers. Wells, John. 1990. Longman pronunciation dictionary. Harlow: Longman, 3 January 1892 – 2 September 1973) was an English writer, poet, philologist, and university professor who is best known as the author of the classic high fantasy works The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, and The Silmarillion.
Abbreviated and contracted words are a common feature of Japanese.
The kilometre (International spelling as used by the International Bureau of Weights and Measures; SI symbol: km; or) or kilometer (American spelling) is a unit of length in the metric system, equal to one thousand metres (kilo- being the SI prefix for). It is now the measurement unit used officially for expressing distances between geographical places on land in most of the world; notable exceptions are the United States and the road network of the United Kingdom where the statute mile is the official unit used.
The All-Union Leninist Young Communist League (Всесою́зный ле́нинский коммунисти́ческий сою́з молодёжи (ВЛКСМ)), usually known as Komsomol (Комсомо́л, a syllabic abbreviation of the Russian kommunisticheskiy soyuz molodyozhi), was a political youth organization in the Soviet Union.
A laser is a device that emits light through a process of optical amplification based on the stimulated emission of electromagnetic radiation.
Latin (Latin: lingua latīna) is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages.
Letter case (or just case) is the distinction between the letters that are in larger upper case (also uppercase, capital letters, capitals, caps, large letters, or more formally majuscule) and smaller lower case (also lowercase, small letters, or more formally minuscule) in the written representation of certain languages.
Lidar (also called LIDAR, LiDAR, and LADAR) is a surveying method that measures distance to a target by illuminating the target with pulsed laser light and measuring the reflected pulses with a sensor.
During most of the 20th century photography depended mainly upon the photochemical technology of silver halide emulsions on glass plates or roll film.
This is a list of abbreviations used in medical prescriptions, including hospital orders (the patient-directed part of which is referred to as sig codes).
The following list contains a selection from the Latin abbreviations that occur in the writings and inscriptions of the Romans.
Examples of sigla in use in the Middle Ages.
LoDo (Lower Downtown) is a neighborhood in Denver, Colorado, and is one of the oldest settlements in the city.
In written language, a logogram or logograph is a written character that represents a word or phrase.
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a medical imaging technique used in radiology to form pictures of the anatomy and the physiological processes of the body in both health and disease.
The Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices (MUTCD) is a document issued by the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) of the United States Department of Transportation (USDOT) to specify the standards by which traffic signs, road surface markings, and signals are designed, installed, and used.
A medical journal is a peer-reviewed scientific journal which communicates medical information to physicians and other health professionals.
The Modern Language Association of America, often referred to as the Modern Language Association (MLA), is the principal professional association in the United States for scholars of language and literature.
Mister, usually written in its abbreviated form Mr. (US) or Mr (UK), is a commonly used English honorific for men under the rank of knighthood.
The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) is one of the oldest physical science laboratories in the United States.
The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO; Organisation du Traité de l'Atlantique Nord; OTAN), also called the North Atlantic Alliance, is an intergovernmental military alliance between 29 North American and European countries.
Commander, Naval Air Force Atlantic (aka COMNAVAIRLANT, AIRLANT, CNAL) is the aviation Type Commander (TYCOM) for the United States Naval aviation units operating primarily in the Atlantic under United States Fleet Forces Command.
Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from 1933 to 1945, when Germany was under the dictatorship of Adolf Hitler through the Nazi Party (NSDAP).
New Latin (also called Neo-Latin or Modern Latin) was a revival in the use of Latin in original, scholarly, and scientific works between c. 1375 and c. 1900.
Newspeak is the language of Oceania, a fictional totalitarian state ruled by the Party, who created the language to meet the ideological requirements of English Socialism (Ingsoc).
A numeronym is a number-based word.
The Office of Communications (Y Swyddfa Gyfathrebiadau), commonly known as Ofcom, is the UK government-approved regulatory and competition authority for the broadcasting, telecommunications and postal industries of the United Kingdom.
The Office of Telecommunications (Oftel) (the telecommunications regulator) was a department in the United Kingdom government, under civil service control, charged with promoting competition and maintaining the interests of consumers in the UK telecommunications market.
"OK" (spelling variations include "okay", "O.K.", "ok") is an English word denoting approval, acceptance, agreement, assent, acknowledgment, or a sign of indifference.
Old English (Ænglisc, Anglisc, Englisc), or Anglo-Saxon, is the earliest historical form of the English language, spoken in England and southern and eastern Scotland in the early Middle Ages.
Oxford is a city in the South East region of England and the county town of Oxfordshire.
Peking University (abbreviated PKU or Beida; Chinese: 北京大学, pinyin: běi jīng dà xué) is a major Chinese research university located in Beijing and a member of the C9 League.
Petróleos Mexicanos, which translates to Mexican Petroleum, but is trademarked and better known as Pemex, is the Mexican state-owned petroleum company, created in 1938 by nationalization or expropriation of all private, foreign, and domestic oil companies at that time.
A personal computer (PC) is a multi-purpose computer whose size, capabilities, and price make it feasible for individual use.
Philology is the study of language in oral and written historical sources; it is a combination of literary criticism, history, and linguistics.
Phonetics (pronounced) is the branch of linguistics that studies the sounds of human speech, or—in the case of sign languages—the equivalent aspects of sign.
A portmanteau or portmanteau word is a linguistic blend of words,, p. 644 in which parts of multiple words or their phones (sounds) are combined into a new word, as in smog, coined by blending smoke and fog, or motel, from motor and hotel.
Professor (commonly abbreviated as Prof.) is an academic rank at universities and other post-secondary education and research institutions in most countries.
Radar is an object-detection system that uses radio waves to determine the range, angle, or velocity of objects.
Robert W. Bly (born July 21, 1957) is an American writer on a wide range of topics ranging from copywriting and marketing, to satire and sex, to science and science fiction, to biography and small business.
A run batted in (RBI), plural runs batted in (RBI or RBIs), is a statistic in baseball and softball that credits a batter for making a play that allows a run to be scored (except in certain situations such as when an error is made on the play).
A scuba set is any breathing apparatus that is carried entirely by an underwater diver and provides the diver with breathing gas at the ambient pressure.
Semantics (from σημαντικός sēmantikós, "significant") is the linguistic and philosophical study of meaning, in language, programming languages, formal logics, and semiotics.
Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a viral respiratory disease of zoonotic origin caused by the SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV).
SMS (short message service) is a text messaging service component of most telephone, internet, and mobile-device systems.
SMS language, textese or texting language is the abbreviated language and slang commonly used with mobile phone text messaging, or other Internet-based communication such as email and instant messaging.
SNAFU is an acronym that is widely used to stand for the sarcastic expression Situation Normal: All Fucked Up.
A social networking service (also social networking site, SNS or social media) is a web application that people use to build social networks or social relations with other people who share similar personal or career interests, activities, backgrounds or real-life connections.
SoHo, sometimes written Soho, is a neighborhood in Lower Manhattan, New York City, which in recent history came to the public's attention for being the location of many artists' lofts and art galleries, but is now better known for its variety of shops ranging from trendy upscale boutiques to national and international chain store outlets.
Sonar (originally an acronym for SOund Navigation And Ranging) is a technique that uses sound propagation (usually underwater, as in submarine navigation) to navigate, communicate with or detect objects on or under the surface of the water, such as other vessels.
South of Market (or SoMa) is a relatively large neighborhood in San Francisco, California, United States which is located just south of Market Street, and contains several sub-neighborhoods including: South Beach, Mission Bay, and Rincon Hill.
The Special Operations Executive (SOE) was a British World War II organisation.
The Ministry for State Security (Ministerium für Staatssicherheit, MfS) or State Security Service (Staatssicherheitsdienst, SSD), commonly known as the Stasi, was the official state security service of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany).
A style guide (or manual of style) is a set of standards for the writing and design of documents, either for general use or for a specific publication, organization, or field.
A syllable is a unit of organization for a sequence of speech sounds.
The Chicago Manual of Style (abbreviated in writing as CMOS or CMS, or sometimes as Chicago) is a style guide for American English published since 1906 by the University of Chicago Press.
The Economist is an English-language weekly magazine-format newspaper owned by the Economist Group and edited at offices in London.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Reverend is an honorific style most often placed before the names of Christian clergy and ministers.
The Right Honourable (The Rt Hon. or Rt Hon.) is an honorific style traditionally applied to certain persons and to certain collective bodies in the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Fiji, India, some other Commonwealth realms, the Anglophone Caribbean, Mauritius, and occasionally elsewhere.
"The Straight Dope" was an online question-and-answer newspaper column published from 1973 to 2018 in the Chicago Reader and syndicated in eight newspapers in the United States.
Tribeca, originally written as TriBeCa, is a neighborhood in Lower Manhattan, New York City.
Txtng: The Gr8 Db8 is a book written by linguist David Crystal.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
The United States Government Publishing Office (GPO) (formerly the Government Printing Office) is an agency of the legislative branch of the United States federal government.
, abbreviated as or UTokyo, is a public research university located in Bunkyo, Tokyo, Japan.
Welsh (Cymraeg or y Gymraeg) is a member of the Brittonic branch of the Celtic languages.
Yes and no, or word pairs with a similar usage, are expressions of the affirmative and the negative, respectively, in several languages including English.
2 letter abbreviation, 4-letter acronym, ABBR, ABBR., Abb., Abbr, Abbr., Abbreivations, Abbrev, Abbrev lang, Abbrev., Abbreviate, Abbreviated, Abbreviates, Abbreviating, AbbreviationS, Abbreviations, Abbrieviated, Abrev., Abreviate, Abreviated, Abriv., Obriviation, Short form (linguistics), Syllabic abbreviation, Syllabic abbreviations, Two letter abbreviation, Two-letter abbreviation.