160 relations: Abdominal cavity, Abdominal external oblique muscle, Abdominal internal oblique muscle, Abdominal obesity, Abdominal trauma, Abdominal wall, Abomasum, Adipose tissue, Adrenal gland, Anatomical terms of location, Anatomical terms of motion, Ant, Aorta, Apocrita, Appendicitis, Appendix (anatomy), Arachnid, Archaeognatha, Arthropod, Ascending colon, Asthma, Back pain, Bile duct, Cardiovascular disease, Cartilage, Cecum, Cephalothorax, Cleavage (breasts), Coeliac disease, Colonoscopy, Costal margin, Cough, Defecation, Descending colon, Diabetes mellitus type 2, Diaphragmatic hernia, Diverticulitis, Duodenum, Endoscopy, Enteritis, Enteroscopy, Epigastrium, Esophagogastroduodenoscopy, Esophagus, Exsanguination, Fallopian tube, Flank (anatomy), Gallbladder, Gaster (insect anatomy), Gastrointestinal disease, ..., Gastrointestinal tract, Glottis, Groin, Hip, Hip bone, Honey bee, Hypochondrium, Hypogastrium, Ileocecal valve, Ileum, Iliac crest, Iliac fossa, Ilium (bone), Infection, Inguinal canal, Inguinal hernia, Inguinal ligament, Injury, Intertubercular plane, Intervertebral disc, Irritable bowel syndrome, Jejunum, Jogging, Kidney, Large intestine, Lepidoptera, Linea alba (abdomen), Liver, Liver disease, Lumbar fascia, Lumbosacral joint, Male, Malnutrition, McBurney's point, Medical imaging, Medical procedure, Metasoma, Midriff, Muscles of respiration, Navel, Obesity, Omasum, Opisthosoma, Order (biology), Organ (anatomy), Ovary, Pancreas, Pancreatic disease, Pelvic brim, Pelvic inlet, Pelvis, Peritoneum, Petiole (insect anatomy), Pilates, Proleg, Propodeum, Protura, Pubic symphysis, Pubis (bone), Pyramidalis muscle, Quadrant (abdomen), Rectum, Rectus abdominis muscle, Renal hilum, Reticulum, Retroperitoneal space, Rib, Rib cage, Rumen, Ruminant, Sawfly, Sigmoid colon, Sigmoidoscopy, Small intestine, Spermatic cord, Spleen, Springtail, Standard anatomical position, Sternum (arthropod anatomy), Stomach, Stomach disease, Subcostal plane, Suprasternal notch, Tagma (biology), Tai chi, Tendinous intersection, Tergum, Testicle, Thoracic cavity, Thoracic diaphragm, Thorax, Thorax (insect anatomy), Transpyloric plane, Transversalis fascia, Transverse abdominal muscle, Transverse colon, Tubercle, Umbilical region, Ureter, Urinary bladder, Urinary system, Urination, Uterus, Venae cavae, Vertebral column, Vertebrate, Virtual colonoscopy, Vomiting, Xiphoid process, Yoga. Expand index (110 more) » « Shrink index
The abdominal cavity is a large body cavity in humans and many other animals that contains many organs.
The external oblique muscle (of the abdomen) (also external abdominal oblique muscle) is the largest and the most superficial (outermost) of the three flat muscles of the lateral anterior abdomen.
The internal oblique muscle is a muscle in the abdominal wall that lies below the external oblique and just above the transverse abdominal muscles.
Abdominal obesity, also known as central obesity, occurs when excessive abdominal fat around the stomach and abdomen has built up to the extent that it is likely to have a negative impact on health.
Abdominal trauma is an injury to the abdomen.
In anatomy, the abdominal wall represents the boundaries of the abdominal cavity.
The abomasum, also known as the maw, rennet-bag, or reed tripe, is the fourth and final stomach compartment in ruminants.
In biology, adipose tissue, body fat, or simply fat is a loose connective tissue composed mostly of adipocytes.
The adrenal glands (also known as suprarenal glands) are endocrine glands that produce a variety of hormones including adrenaline and the steroids aldosterone and cortisol.
Standard anatomical terms of location deal unambiguously with the anatomy of animals, including humans.
Motion, the process of movement, is described using specific anatomical terms.
Ants are eusocial insects of the family Formicidae and, along with the related wasps and bees, belong to the order Hymenoptera.
The aorta is the main artery in the human body, originating from the left ventricle of the heart and extending down to the abdomen, where it splits into two smaller arteries (the common iliac arteries).
The Apocrita are a suborder of insects in the order Hymenoptera.
Appendicitis is inflammation of the appendix.
The appendix (or vermiform appendix; also cecal appendix; vermix; or vermiform process) is a blind-ended tube connected to the cecum, from which it develops in the embryo.
Arachnids are a class (Arachnida) of joint-legged invertebrate animals (arthropods), in the subphylum Chelicerata.
The Archaeognatha are an order of apterygotes, known by various common names such as jumping bristletails.
An arthropod (from Greek ἄρθρον arthron, "joint" and πούς pous, "foot") is an invertebrate animal having an exoskeleton (external skeleton), a segmented body, and paired jointed appendages.
The ascending colon is the part of the colon located between the cecum and the transverse colon.
Asthma is a common long-term inflammatory disease of the airways of the lungs.
Back pain is pain felt in the back of the body.
A bile duct is any of a number of long tube-like structures that carry bile, and is present in most vertebrates.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a class of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels.
Cartilage is a resilient and smooth elastic tissue, a rubber-like padding that covers and protects the ends of long bones at the joints, and is a structural component of the rib cage, the ear, the nose, the bronchial tubes, the intervertebral discs, and many other body components.
The cecum or caecum (plural ceca; from the Latin caecus meaning blind) is an intraperitoneal pouch that is considered to be the beginning of the large intestine.
The cephalothorax, also called prosoma in some groups, is a tagma of various arthropods, comprising the head and the thorax fused together, as distinct from the abdomen behind.
Cleavage is the exposed area between a woman’s breasts lying over the sternum, and refers only to what is visible with clothing (or dense, nontransparent body art) that includes a low-cut neckline.
Coeliac disease, also spelled celiac disease, is a long-term autoimmune disorder that primarily affects the small intestine.
Colonoscopy or coloscopy is the endoscopic examination of the large bowel and the distal part of the small bowel with a CCD camera or a fiber optic camera on a flexible tube passed through the anus.
The costal margin is the lower edge of the chest (thorax) formed by the bottom edge of the rib cage.
A cough is a sudden and often repetitively occurring, protective reflex, which helps to clear the large breathing passages from fluids, irritants, foreign particles and microbes.
Defecation is the final act of digestion, by which organisms eliminate solid, semisolid, or liquid waste material from the digestive tract via the anus.
The descending colon is the part of the large intestine from the splenic flexure to the beginning of the sigmoid colon.
Diabetes mellitus type 2 (also known as type 2 diabetes) is a long-term metabolic disorder that is characterized by high blood sugar, insulin resistance, and relative lack of insulin.
Diaphragmatic hernia is a defect or hole in the diaphragm that allows the abdominal contents to move into the chest cavity.
Diverticulitis, specifically colonic diverticulitis, is a gastrointestinal disease characterized by inflammation of abnormal pouches - diverticuli - which can develop in the wall of the large intestine.
The duodenum is the first section of the small intestine in most higher vertebrates, including mammals, reptiles, and birds.
An endoscopy (looking inside) is used in medicine to look inside the body.
Enteritis is inflammation of the small intestine.
Enteroscopy is the procedure of using an endoscope for the direct visualization of the small bowel.
In anatomy, the epigastrium (or epigastric region) is the upper central region of the abdomen.
Esophagogastroduodenoscopy, (EGD) also called by various other names, is a diagnostic endoscopic procedure that visualizes the upper part of the gastrointestinal tract down to the duodenum.
The esophagus (American English) or oesophagus (British English), commonly known as the food pipe or gullet (gut), is an organ in vertebrates through which food passes, aided by peristaltic contractions, from the pharynx to the stomach.
Exsanguination is the loss of blood to a degree sufficient to cause death.
The Fallopian tubes, also known as uterine tubes or salpinges (singular salpinx), are two very fine tubes lined with ciliated epithelia, leading from the ovaries of female mammals into the uterus, via the uterotubal junction.
The flank or latus is the side of the body between the rib cage and the iliac bone of the hip (below the rib cage and above the ilium).
In vertebrates, the gallbladder is a small hollow organ where bile is stored and concentrated before it is released into the small intestine.
The gaster is the bulbous posterior portion of the metasoma found in hymenopterans of the suborder Apocrita (bees, wasps and ants).
Gastrointestinal diseases refer to diseases involving the gastrointestinal tract, namely the esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine and rectum, and the accessory organs of digestion, the liver, gallbladder, and pancreas.
The gastrointestinal tract (digestive tract, digestional tract, GI tract, GIT, gut, or alimentary canal) is an organ system within humans and other animals which takes in food, digests it to extract and absorb energy and nutrients, and expels the remaining waste as feces.
The glottis is defined as the opening between the vocal folds (the rima glottidis).
In human anatomy, the groin (the adjective is inguinal, as in inguinal canal) is the junctional area (also known as the inguinal region) between the abdomen and the thigh on either side of the pubic bone.
In vertebrate anatomy, hip (or "coxa"Latin coxa was used by Celsus in the sense "hip", but by Pliny the Elder in the sense "hip bone" (Diab, p 77) in medical terminology) refers to either an anatomical region or a joint.
The hip bone (os coxa, innominate bone, pelvic bone or coxal bone) is a large flat bone, constricted in the center and expanded above and below.
A honey bee (or honeybee) is any member of the genus Apis, primarily distinguished by the production and storage of honey and the construction of perennial, colonial nests from wax.
In anatomy, the division of the abdomen into regions can employ a nine-region scheme, in which the hypochondrium is the upper part of the abdomen on either side, inferior to (below) the thorax, in the area of the lower ribs.
In anatomy, the hypogastrium (also called the hypogastric region or suprapubic region) is a region of the abdomen located below the umbilical region.
The ileocecal valve (ileal papilla, ileocaecal valve, Tulp's valve, Tulpius valve, Bauhin's valve, ileocecal eminence, valve of Varolius or colic valve) is a sphincter muscle valve that separates the small intestine and the large intestine.
The ileum is the final section of the small intestine in most higher vertebrates, including mammals, reptiles, and birds.
The crest of the ilium (or iliac crest) is the superior border of the wing of ilium and the superolateral margin of the greater pelvis.
The iliac fossa is a large, smooth, concave surface on the internal surface of the ilium (part of the 3 fused bones making the hip bone).
The ilium (plural ilia) is the uppermost and largest part of the hip bone, and appears in most vertebrates including mammals and birds, but not bony fish.
Infection is the invasion of an organism's body tissues by disease-causing agents, their multiplication, and the reaction of host tissues to the infectious agents and the toxins they produce.
The inguinal canals are the two passages in the anterior abdominal wall which in males convey the spermatic cords and in females the round ligament of uterus.
An inguinal hernia is a protrusion of abdominal-cavity contents through the inguinal canal.
The inguinal ligament (Poupart's ligament or groin ligament) is a band running from the pubic tubercle to the anterior superior iliac spine.
Injury, also known as physical trauma, is damage to the body caused by external force.
A lower transverse line midway between the upper transverse and the upper border of the pubic symphysis; this is termed the intertubercular plane (or transtubercular), since it practically corresponds to that passing through the iliac tubercles; behind, its plane cuts the body of the fifth lumbar vertebra.
An intervertebral disc (or intervertebral fibrocartilage) lies between adjacent vertebrae in the vertebral column.
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a group of symptoms—including abdominal pain and changes in the pattern of bowel movements without any evidence of underlying damage.
The jejunum is the second part of the small intestine in humans and most higher vertebrates, including mammals, reptiles, and birds.
Jogging is a form of trotting or running at a slow or leisurely pace.
The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs present in left and right sides of the body in vertebrates.
The large intestine, also known as the large bowel or colon, is the last part of the gastrointestinal tract and of the digestive system in vertebrates.
Lepidoptera is an order of insects that includes butterflies and moths (both are called lepidopterans).
The white line (linea alba) is a fibrous structure that runs down the midline of the abdomen in humans and other vertebrates.
The liver, an organ only found in vertebrates, detoxifies various metabolites, synthesizes proteins, and produces biochemicals necessary for digestion.
Liver disease (also called hepatic disease) is a type of damage to or disease of the liver.
The lumbar fascia is an anatomic structure of the lumbar region.
The lumbosacral joint is a joint of the body, between the last lumbar vertebra and the first sacral segment of the vertebral column.
A male (♂) organism is the physiological sex that produces sperm.
Malnutrition is a condition that results from eating a diet in which one or more nutrients are either not enough or are too much such that the diet causes health problems.
McBurney's point is the name given to the point over the right side of the abdomen that is one-third of the distance from the anterior superior iliac spine to the umbilicus (navel).
Medical imaging is the technique and process of creating visual representations of the interior of a body for clinical analysis and medical intervention, as well as visual representation of the function of some organs or tissues (physiology).
A medical procedure is a course of action intended to achieve a result in the delivery of healthcare.
The metasoma is the posterior part of the body, or tagma, of arthropods whose body is composed of three parts, the other two being the prosoma and the mesosoma.
In fashion, midriff is the human abdomen.
The muscles of respiration are those muscles that contribute to inhalation and exhalation, by aiding in the expansion and contraction of the thoracic cavity.
The navel (clinically known as the umbilicus, colloquially known as the belly button, or tummy button) is a hollowed or sometimes raised area on the abdomen at the attachment site of the umbilical cord.
Obesity is a medical condition in which excess body fat has accumulated to the extent that it may have a negative effect on health.
The omasum, also known as the bible, the fardel, the manyplies and the psalterium, is the third compartment of the stomach in ruminants.
The opisthosoma is the posterior part of the body in some arthropods, behind the prosoma (cephalothorax).
In biological classification, the order (ordo) is.
Organs are collections of tissues with similar functions.
The ovary is an organ found in the female reproductive system that produces an ovum.
The pancreas is a glandular organ in the digestive system and endocrine system of vertebrates.
Pancreatic diseases include.
The pelvic brim is the edge of the pelvic inlet.
The pelvic inlet or superior aperture of the pelvis is a planar surface which defines the boundary between the pelvic cavity and the abdominal cavity (or, according to some authors, between two parts of the pelvic cavity, called lesser pelvis and greater pelvis).
The pelvis (plural pelves or pelvises) is either the lower part of the trunk of the human body between the abdomen and the thighs (sometimes also called pelvic region of the trunk) or the skeleton embedded in it (sometimes also called bony pelvis, or pelvic skeleton).
The peritoneum is the serous membrane that forms the lining of the abdominal cavity or coelom in amniotes and some invertebrates, such as annelids.
In entomology, petiole is the technical term for the narrow waist of some hymenopteran insects, especially ants, bees, and wasps in the order Apocrita.
Pilates is a physical fitness system developed in the early 20th century by Joseph Pilates, after whom it was named.
A proleg is a small, fleshy, stub structure found on the ventral surface of the abdomen of most larval forms of insects of the order Lepidoptera, though they can also be found on other larval insects such as sawflies and a few types of flies.
The propodeum or propodium is the first abdominal segment in Apocrita Hymenoptera (wasps, bees and ants).
The Protura, or proturans, and sometimes nicknamed coneheads, are very small (Some evidence indicates the Protura are basal to all other hexapods, although not all researchers consider them Hexapoda, rendering the monophyly of Hexapoda unsettled. Uniquely among hexapods, proturans show anamorphic development, whereby body segments are added during moults. There are close to 800 species, described in seven families. Nearly 300 species are contained in a single genus, Eosentomon.
The pubic symphysis (or symphysis pubis) a cartilaginous joint that sits between and joins left and right the superior rami of the pubic bones.
In vertebrates, the pubic bone is the ventral and anterior of the three principal bones composing either half of the pelvis.
The pyramidalis is a small triangular muscle, anterior to the rectus abdominis muscle, and contained in the rectus sheath.
The human abdomen is divided into regions by anatomists and physicians for purposes of study, diagnosis, and therapy.
The rectum is the final straight portion of the large intestine in humans and some other mammals, and the gut in others.
The rectus abdominis muscle, also known as the "abdominal muscles" or "abs", is a paired muscle running vertically on each side of the anterior wall of the human abdomen, as well as that of some other mammals.
The renal hilum (Latin: hilum renale) or renal pedicle is the hilum of the kidney, that is, its recessed central fissure where its vessels, nerves and ureter pass.
Reticulum is a small, faint constellation in the southern sky.
The retroperitoneal space (retroperitoneum) is the anatomical space (sometimes a potential space) in the abdominal cavity behind (retro) the peritoneum.
In vertebrate anatomy, ribs (costae) are the long curved bones which form the rib cage.
The rib cage is an arrangement of bones in the thorax of most vertebrates.
The rumen, also known as a paunch, forms the larger part of the reticulorumen, which is the first chamber in the alimentary canal of ruminant animals.
Ruminants are mammals that are able to acquire nutrients from plant-based food by fermenting it in a specialized stomach prior to digestion, principally through microbial actions.
Sawflies are the insects of the suborder Symphyta within the order Hymenoptera alongside ants, bees and wasps.
The sigmoid colon (pelvic colon) is the part of the large intestine that is closest to the rectum and anus.
Sigmoidoscopy (from the Greek term for letter "s/ς" + "eidos" + "scopy": namely, to look inside an "s"/"ς"-like object) is the minimally invasive medical examination of the large intestine from the rectum through the nearest part of the colon, the sigmoid colon.
The small intestine or small bowel is the part of the gastrointestinal tract between the stomach and the large intestine, and is where most of the end absorption of food takes place.
The spermatic cord is the cord-like structure in males formed by the vas deferens (ductus deferens) and surrounding tissue that runs from the deep inguinal ring down to each testicle.
The spleen is an organ found in virtually all vertebrates.
Springtails (Collembola) form the largest of the three lineages of modern hexapods that are no longer considered insects (the other two are the Protura and Diplura).
Because animals can change orientation with respect to their environment, and because appendages (arms, legs, tentacles, etc.) can change position with respect to the main body, it is important that anatomical terms of location refer to the organism when it is in its standard anatomical position.
The sternum (pl. "sterna") is the ventral portion of a segment of an arthropod thorax or abdomen.
The stomach (from ancient Greek στόμαχος, stomachos, stoma means mouth) is a muscular, hollow organ in the gastrointestinal tract of humans and many other animals, including several invertebrates.
Stomach diseases (or gastropathy) include gastritis, gastroparesis, diarrhea, Crohn's disease and various cancers.
The subcostal plane is a transverse plane which bisects the body at the level of the 10th costal margin and the vertebra body L3.
The suprasternal notch (fossa jugularis sternalis), also known as the jugular notch or the Plender gap or neck dent...
In biology a tagma (Greek: τάγμα, plural tagmata – τάγματα) is a specialized grouping of multiple segments or metameres into a coherently functional morphological unit.
Tai chi (taiji), short for T'ai chi ch'üan, or Taijiquan (pinyin: tàijíquán; 太极拳), is an internal Chinese martial art practiced for both its defense training and its health benefits.
The rectus abdominis muscle is crossed by three fibrous bands called the tendinous intersections or tendinous inscriptions.
A tergum (Latin for "the back"; plural terga, associated adjective tergal) is the dorsal ('upper') portion of an arthropod segment other than the head.
The testicle or testis is the male reproductive gland in all animals, including humans.
The thoracic cavity (or chest cavity) is the chamber of the body of vertebrates that is protected by the thoracic wall (rib cage and associated skin, muscle, and fascia).
For other uses, see Diaphragm (disambiguation). The thoracic diaphragm, or simply the diaphragm (partition), is a sheet of internal skeletal muscle in humans and other mammals that extends across the bottom of the thoracic cavity.
The thorax or chest (from the Greek θώραξ thorax "breastplate, cuirass, corslet" via thorax) is a part of the anatomy of humans and various other animals located between the neck and the abdomen.
The thorax is the midsection (tagma) of the insect body.
The Transpyloric plane, also known as Addison's Plane, is an imaginary horizontal plane, located halfway between the suprasternal notch of the manubrium and the upper border of the symphysis pubis at the level of the first lumbar vertebrae, L1.
The transversalis fascia (or transverse fascia) is a thin aponeurotic membrane which lies between the inner surface of the transverse abdominal muscle and the parietal peritoneum.
The transverse abdominal muscle (TVA), also known as the transverse abdominis, transversalis muscle and transversus abdominis muscle, is a muscle layer of the anterior and lateral (front and side) abdominal wall which is deep to (layered below) the internal oblique muscle.
The transverse colon is the longest and most movable part of the colon.
In anatomy, a tubercle is any round nodule, small eminence, or warty outgrowth found on external or internal organs of a plant or an animal.
The umbilical region, in the anatomists' abdominal pelvic nine-region scheme, is the area surrounding the umbilicus and it is placed approximately on middle of distance between xiphoid process and pubic symphysis (navel).
In human anatomy, the ureters are tubes made of smooth muscle fibers that propel urine from the kidneys to the urinary bladder.
The urinary bladder is a hollow muscular organ in humans and some other animals that collects and stores urine from the kidneys before disposal by urination.
The urinary system, also known as the renal system or urinary tract, consists of the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and the urethra.
Urination is the release of urine from the urinary bladder through the urethra to the outside of the body.
The uterus (from Latin "uterus", plural uteri) or womb is a major female hormone-responsive secondary sex organ of the reproductive system in humans and most other mammals.
The venae cavae (from the Latin for "hollow veins", singular "vena cava") are two large veins (venous trunks) that return deoxygenated blood from the body into the heart.
The vertebral column, also known as the backbone or spine, is part of the axial skeleton.
Vertebrates comprise all species of animals within the subphylum Vertebrata (chordates with backbones).
Virtual colonoscopy (VC, also called CT Colonography or CT Pneumocolon) is a medical imaging procedure which uses x-rays and computers to produce two- and three-dimensional images of the colon (large intestine) from the lowest part, the rectum, all the way to the lower end of the small intestine and display them on a screen.
Vomiting, also known as emesis, puking, barfing, throwing up, among other terms, is the involuntary, forceful expulsion of the contents of one's stomach through the mouth and sometimes the nose.
The xiphoid process, or xiphisternum or metasternum, is a small cartilaginous process (extension) of the lower (inferior) part of the sternum, which is usually ossified in the adult human.
Yoga (Sanskrit, योगः) is a group of physical, mental, and spiritual practices or disciplines which originated in ancient India.
Abd., Abdom, Abdomen (insect anatomy), Abdomens, Abdomin, Abdominal, Abdominal Muscle, Abdominal muscle, Abdominal muscles, Abdominal organ, Abdominal organs, Abdominal segment, Abdominals, Arthropod abdomen, Human abdomen, Muscles of the Torso, Opisthoma, Regions of the abdomen, Right Iliac Fossa, Right iliac fossa, Right iliac fossae, Scaphoid abdomen, Tummy, Ventrum.