157 relations: Abdomen, Abdominal angina, Abdominal aortic aneurysm, Abdominal distension, Abdominal wall, Abscess, Acute abdomen, Adenitis, Adhesion (medicine), Amylase, Aortic dissection, Appendicitis, Appendix (anatomy), Ascending cholangitis, Basic metabolic panel, Biliary dyskinesia, Bladder cancer, Bladder stone, Bleeding, Blunt trauma, Bowel obstruction, Cancer, Cardiovascular examination, Cecum, Chest pain, Cholecystitis, Clinical urine tests, Coeliac disease, Colitis, Colonoscopy, Colorectal cancer, Complete blood count, Constipation, Coronary artery disease, Crohn's disease, CT scan, Diabetic ketoacidosis, Diarrhea, Digestion, Diverticulitis, Drug withdrawal, Dysentery, Ectopic pregnancy, Electrocardiography, Electrolyte, Embolism, Emergency department, Endometriosis, Endoscopy, Esophagitis, ..., Familial Mediterranean fever, Fatty liver, Fecal impaction, Fever, Fibroma, Food allergy, Gallstone, Gastritis, Gastroenteritis, Gastrointestinal perforation, Gastrointestinal tract, General surgery, Genitourinary system, Gynaecology, Helminthiasis, Hemorrhoid, Hepatitis, Hepatomegaly, Hereditary angioedema, Hernia, History of the present illness, Hydronephrosis, Hyoscine butylbromide, Indigestion, Inflammatory bowel disease, Injury, Intussusception (medical disorder), Irritable bowel syndrome, Ischemic colitis, Kidney, Kidney cancer, Kidney stone disease, Lactose intolerance, Large intestine, Latrodectus, Lead poisoning, Lipase, Liver, Liver abscess, Liver cancer, Liver function tests, Low back pain, Lyme disease, Menstruation, Mesenteric ischemia, Metabolic disorder, Microscopic colitis, Miscarriage, Mittelschmerz, Narcotic, Nausea, Neoplasm, Nervous system, Nutcracker syndrome, Ovarian cancer, Ovarian cyst, Ovarian torsion, Pain, Pancreas, Pancreatic cancer, Pancreatitis, Pelvic inflammatory disease, Peptic ulcer disease, Pericarditis, Physical examination, Pneumonia, Porphyria, Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome, Pregnancy test, Presenting problem, Pulmonary embolism, Pyelonephritis, Radicular pain, Referred pain, Sarcoidosis, Sex organ, Shingles, Shock (circulatory), Shortness of breath, Sickle cell disease, Sigmoid colon volvulus, Small intestine, Spleen, Splenomegaly, Stomach, Stomach cancer, Superior mesenteric artery, Superior mesenteric artery syndrome, Surgery, Symptom, Tabes dorsalis, Testicular torsion, Thorax, Thrombosis, Troponin I, Ulcerative colitis, Ultrasound, Uremia, Urinary retention, Urinary tract infection, Vaginal bleeding, Vasculitis, Venous thrombosis, Vertebral column, Volvulus, Vomiting, X-ray. Expand index (107 more) » « Shrink index
The abdomen (less formally called the belly, stomach, tummy or midriff) constitutes the part of the body between the thorax (chest) and pelvis, in humans and in other vertebrates.
Abdominal angina is abdominal pain after eating that occurs in individuals with ongoing poor blood supply to their small intestines known as chronic mesenteric ischemia.
Abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA or triple A) is a localized enlargement of the abdominal aorta such that the diameter is greater than 3 cm or more than 50% larger than normal diameter.
Abdominal distension occurs when substances, such as air (gas) or fluid, accumulate in the abdomen causing its outward expansion beyond the normal girth of the stomach and waist.
In anatomy, the abdominal wall represents the boundaries of the abdominal cavity.
An abscess is a collection of pus that has built up within the tissue of the body.
An acute abdomen refers to a sudden, severe abdominal pain.
Adenitis is a general term for an inflammation of a gland.
Adhesions are fibrous bands that form between tissues and organs, often as a result of injury during surgery.
An amylase is an enzyme that catalyses the hydrolysis of starch into sugars.
Aortic dissection (AD) occurs when an injury to the innermost layer of the aorta allows blood to flow between the layers of the aortic wall, forcing the layers apart.
Appendicitis is inflammation of the appendix.
The appendix (or vermiform appendix; also cecal appendix; vermix; or vermiform process) is a blind-ended tube connected to the cecum, from which it develops in the embryo.
Ascending cholangitis, also known as acute cholangitis or simply cholangitis, is an infection of the bile duct (cholangitis), usually caused by bacteria ascending from its junction with the duodenum (first part of the small intestine).
A basic metabolic panel (BMP) is a blood test consisting of a set of seven or eight biochemical tests and is one of the most common lab tests ordered by health care providers.
Biliary dyskinesia is a disorder of some component of biliary part of the digestive system in which bile physically can not move normally in the proper direction through the tubular biliary tract.
Bladder cancer is any of several types of cancer arising from the tissues of the urinary bladder.
A bladder stone is a stone found in the urinary bladder.
Bleeding, also known as hemorrhaging or haemorrhaging, is blood escaping from the circulatory system.
Blunt trauma, blunt injury, non-penetrating trauma or blunt force trauma is physical trauma to a body part, either by impact, injury or physical attack.
Bowel obstruction, also known as intestinal obstruction, is a mechanical or functional obstruction of the intestines which prevents the normal movement of the products of digestion.
Cancer is a group of diseases involving abnormal cell growth with the potential to invade or spread to other parts of the body.
The cardiovascular examination is a portion of the physical examination that involves evaluation of the cardiovascular system.
The cecum or caecum (plural ceca; from the Latin caecus meaning blind) is an intraperitoneal pouch that is considered to be the beginning of the large intestine.
Chest pain is pain in any region of the chest.
Cholecystitis is inflammation of the gallbladder.
Clinical urine tests are various tests of urine for diagnostic purposes.
Coeliac disease, also spelled celiac disease, is a long-term autoimmune disorder that primarily affects the small intestine.
Colitis is an inflammation of the colon.
Colonoscopy or coloscopy is the endoscopic examination of the large bowel and the distal part of the small bowel with a CCD camera or a fiber optic camera on a flexible tube passed through the anus.
Colorectal cancer (CRC), also known as bowel cancer and colon cancer, is the development of cancer from the colon or rectum (parts of the large intestine).
A complete blood count (CBC), also known as a complete blood cell count, full blood count (FBC), or full blood exam (FBE), is a blood panel requested by a doctor or other medical professional that gives information about the cells in a patient's blood, such as the cell count for each cell type and the concentrations of various proteins and minerals.
Constipation refers to bowel movements that are infrequent or hard to pass.
Coronary artery disease (CAD), also known as ischemic heart disease (IHD), refers to a group of diseases which includes stable angina, unstable angina, myocardial infarction, and sudden cardiac death.
Crohn's disease is a type of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) that may affect any part of the gastrointestinal tract from mouth to anus.
A CT scan, also known as computed tomography scan, makes use of computer-processed combinations of many X-ray measurements taken from different angles to produce cross-sectional (tomographic) images (virtual "slices") of specific areas of a scanned object, allowing the user to see inside the object without cutting.
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a potentially life-threatening complication of diabetes mellitus.
Diarrhea, also spelled diarrhoea, is the condition of having at least three loose or liquid bowel movements each day.
Digestion is the breakdown of large insoluble food molecules into small water-soluble food molecules so that they can be absorbed into the watery blood plasma.
Diverticulitis, specifically colonic diverticulitis, is a gastrointestinal disease characterized by inflammation of abnormal pouches - diverticuli - which can develop in the wall of the large intestine.
Drug withdrawal is the group of symptoms that occur upon the abrupt discontinuation or decrease in intake of medications or recreational drugs.
Dysentery is an inflammatory disease of the intestine, especially of the colon, which always results in severe diarrhea and abdominal pains.
Ectopic pregnancy is a complication of pregnancy in which the embryo attaches outside the uterus.
Electrocardiography (ECG or EKG) is the process of recording the electrical activity of the heart over a period of time using electrodes placed on the skin.
An electrolyte is a substance that produces an electrically conducting solution when dissolved in a polar solvent, such as water.
An embolism is the lodging of an embolus, a blockage-causing piece of material, inside a blood vessel.
An emergency department (ED), also known as an accident & emergency department (A&E), emergency room (ER), emergency ward (EW) or casualty department, is a medical treatment facility specializing in emergency medicine, the acute care of patients who present without prior appointment; either by their own means or by that of an ambulance.
Endometriosis is a condition in which the endometrium, the layer of tissue that normally covers the inside of the uterus, grows outside of it.
An endoscopy (looking inside) is used in medicine to look inside the body.
Esophagitis (or oesophagitis) is an inflammation of the esophagus.
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is a hereditary inflammatory disorder.
Fatty liver is a reversible condition wherein large vacuoles of triglyceride fat accumulate in liver cells via the process of steatosis (i.e., abnormal retention of lipids within a cell).
A fecal impaction is a solid, immobile bulk of feces that can develop in the rectum as a result of chronic constipation.
Fever, also known as pyrexia and febrile response, is defined as having a temperature above the normal range due to an increase in the body's temperature set-point.
Fibromas (or fibroid tumors or fibroids) are benign tumors that are composed of fibrous or connective tissue.
A food allergy is an abnormal immune response to food.
A gallstone is a stone formed within the gallbladder out of bile components. The term cholelithiasis may refer to the presence of gallstones or to the diseases caused by gallstones. Most people with gallstones (about 80%) never have symptoms. When a gallstone blocks the bile duct, a crampy pain in the right upper part of the abdomen, known as biliary colic (gallbladder attack) can result. This happens in 1–4% of those with gallstones each year. Complications of gallstones may include inflammation of the gallbladder (cholecystitis), inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis), jaundice, and infection of a bile duct (cholangitis). Symptoms of these complications may include pain of more than five hours duration, fever, yellowish skin, vomiting, dark urine, and pale stools. Risk factors for gallstones include birth control pills, pregnancy, a family history of gallstones, obesity, diabetes, liver disease, or rapid weight loss. The bile components that form gallstones include cholesterol, bile salts, and bilirubin. Gallstones formed mainly from cholesterol are termed cholesterol stones, and those mainly from bilirubin are termed pigment stones. Gallstones may be suspected based on symptoms. Diagnosis is then typically confirmed by ultrasound. Complications may be detected on blood tests. The risk of gallstones may be decreased by maintaining a healthy weight through sufficient exercise and eating a healthy diet. If there are no symptoms, treatment is usually not needed. In those who are having gallbladder attacks, surgery to remove the gallbladder is typically recommended. This can be carried out either through several small incisions or through a single larger incision, usually under general anesthesia. In rare cases when surgery is not possible medication may be used to try to dissolve the stones or lithotripsy to break down the stones. In developed countries, 10–15% of adults have gallstones. Rates in many parts of Africa, however, are as low as 3%. Gallbladder and biliary related diseases occurred in about 104 million people (1.6%) in 2013 and they resulted in 106,000 deaths. Women more commonly have stones than men and they occur more commonly after the age of 40. Certain ethnic groups have gallstones more often than others. For example, 48% of Native Americans have gallstones. Once the gallbladder is removed, outcomes are generally good.
Gastritis is inflammation of the lining of the stomach.
Gastroenteritis, also known as infectious diarrhea, is inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract -- the stomach and small intestine.
Gastrointestinal perforation, also known as ruptured bowel, is a hole in the wall of part of the gastrointestinal tract.
The gastrointestinal tract (digestive tract, digestional tract, GI tract, GIT, gut, or alimentary canal) is an organ system within humans and other animals which takes in food, digests it to extract and absorb energy and nutrients, and expels the remaining waste as feces.
General surgery is a surgical specialty that focuses on abdominal contents including esophagus, stomach, small bowel, colon, liver, pancreas, gallbladder, appendix and bile ducts, and often the thyroid gland (depending on local referral patterns).
The genitourinary system or urogenital system is the organ system of the reproductive organs and the urinary system.
Gynaecology or gynecology (see spelling differences) is the medical practice dealing with the health of the female reproductive systems (vagina, uterus, and ovaries) and the breasts.
Helminthiasis (plural helminthiases), also known as worm infection, is any macroparasitic disease of humans and other animals in which a part of the body is infected with parasitic worms, known as helminths.
Hemorrhoids, also called piles, are vascular structures in the anal canal.
Hepatitis is inflammation of the liver tissue.
Hepatomegaly is the condition of having an enlarged liver.
Hereditary angioedema (HAE) is a disorder that results in recurrent attacks of severe swelling.
A hernia is the abnormal exit of tissue or an organ, such as the bowel, through the wall of the cavity in which it normally resides.
Following the chief complaint in medical history taking, a history of the present illness (abbreviated HPI) (termed history of presenting complaint (HPC) in the UK) refers to a detailed interview prompted by the chief complaint or presenting symptom (for example, pain).
Hydronephrosis describes urine-filled dilation of the renal pelvis and/or calyces as a result of obstruction.
Hyoscine butylbromide, also known as scopolamine butylbromide and sold under the brandname Buscopan, is a medication used to treat crampy abdominal pain, esophageal spasms, renal colic, and bladder spasms.
Indigestion, also known as dyspepsia, is a condition of impaired digestion.
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is a group of inflammatory conditions of the colon and small intestine.
Injury, also known as physical trauma, is damage to the body caused by external force.
Intussusception is a medical condition in which a part of the intestine folds into the section next to it.
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a group of symptoms—including abdominal pain and changes in the pattern of bowel movements without any evidence of underlying damage.
Ischemic colitis (also spelled ischaemic colitis) is a medical condition in which inflammation and injury of the large intestine result from inadequate blood supply.
The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs present in left and right sides of the body in vertebrates.
Kidney cancer, also known as renal cancer, is a type of cancer that starts in the cells in the kidney.
Kidney stone disease, also known as urolithiasis, is when a solid piece of material (kidney stone) occurs in the urinary tract.
Lactose intolerance is a condition in which people have symptoms due to the decreased ability to digest lactose, a sugar found in dairy products.
The large intestine, also known as the large bowel or colon, is the last part of the gastrointestinal tract and of the digestive system in vertebrates.
Latrodectus is a genus of spiders in the family Theridiidae, most of which are commonly known as widow spiders.
Lead poisoning is a type of metal poisoning caused by lead in the body.
A lipase is any enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of fats (lipids).
The liver, an organ only found in vertebrates, detoxifies various metabolites, synthesizes proteins, and produces biochemicals necessary for digestion.
A liver abscess is a pus-filled mass inside the liver.
Liver cancer, also known as hepatic cancer and primary hepatic cancer, is cancer that starts in the liver.
Liver function tests (LFTs or LFs) are groups of blood tests that give information about the state of a patient's liver.
Low back pain (LBP) is a common disorder involving the muscles, nerves, and bones of the back.
Lyme disease, also known as Lyme borreliosis, is an infectious disease caused by bacteria of the Borrelia type which is spread by ticks.
Menstruation, also known as a period or monthly, is the regular discharge of blood and mucosal tissue (known as menses) from the inner lining of the uterus through the vagina.
Mesenteric ischemia is a medical condition in which injury of the small intestine occurs due to not enough blood supply.
A metabolic disorder can happen when abnormal chemical reactions in the body alter the normal metabolic process.
Microscopic colitis refers to two related medical conditions which cause diarrhea: collagenous colitis and lymphocytic colitis.
Miscarriage, also known as spontaneous abortion and pregnancy loss, is the natural death of an embryo or fetus before it is able to survive independently.
Mittelschmerz (German: "middle pain") is a medical term for "ovulation pain" or "midcycle pain".
The term narcotic (from ancient Greek ναρκῶ narkō, "to make numb") originally referred medically to any psychoactive compound with sleep-inducing properties.
Nausea or queasiness is an unpleasant sense of unease, discomfort, and revulsion towards food.
Neoplasia is a type of abnormal and excessive growth of tissue.
The nervous system is the part of an animal that coordinates its actions by transmitting signals to and from different parts of its body.
The nutcracker syndrome (NCS) results most commonly from the compression of the left renal vein between the abdominal aorta (AA) and superior mesenteric artery (SMA), although other variants exist.
Ovarian cancer is a cancer that forms in or on an ovary.
An ovarian cyst is a fluid-filled sac within the ovary.
Ovarian torsion (OT) is the rotation of the ovary at its pedicle to such a degree as to occlude the ovarian artery and/or vein.
Pain is a distressing feeling often caused by intense or damaging stimuli.
The pancreas is a glandular organ in the digestive system and endocrine system of vertebrates.
Pancreatic cancer arises when cells in the pancreas, a glandular organ behind the stomach, begin to multiply out of control and form a mass.
Pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas.
Pelvic inflammatory disease or pelvic inflammatory disorder (PID) is an infection of the upper part of the female reproductive system namely the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries, and inside of the pelvis.
Peptic ulcer disease (PUD) is a break in the lining of the stomach, first part of the small intestine or occasionally the lower esophagus.
Pericarditis is inflammation of the pericardium (the fibrous sac surrounding the heart).
A physical examination, medical examination, or clinical examination (more popularly known as a check-up) is the process by which a medical professional investigates the body of a patient for signs of disease.
Pneumonia is an inflammatory condition of the lung affecting primarily the small air sacs known as alveoli.
Porphyria is a group of diseases in which substances called porphyrins build up, negatively affecting the skin or nervous system.
Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is a condition in which a change from lying to standing causes an abnormally large increase in heart rate.
A pregnancy test attempts to determine whether or not a woman is pregnant.
The chief complaint, formally known as CC in the medical field, or termed presenting complaint (PC) in the UK, forms the second step of medical history taking, and is a concise statement describing the symptom, problem, condition, diagnosis, physician recommended return, or other factor that is the reason for a medical encounter.
Pulmonary embolism (PE) is a blockage of an artery in the lungs by a substance that has moved from elsewhere in the body through the bloodstream (embolism).
Pyelonephritis is inflammation of the kidney, typically due to a bacterial infection.
Radicular pain, or radiculitis, is pain "radiated" along the dermatome (sensory distribution) of a nerve due to inflammation or other irritation of the nerve root (radiculopathy) at its connection to the spinal column.
Referred pain, also called reflective pain, is pain perceived at a location other than the site of the painful stimulus.
Sarcoidosis is a disease involving abnormal collections of inflammatory cells that form lumps known as granulomas.
A sex organ (or reproductive organ) is any part of an animal's body that is involved in sexual reproduction.
Shingles, also known as herpes zoster, is a viral disease characterized by a painful skin rash with blisters in a localized area.
Shock is the state of low blood perfusion to tissues resulting in cellular injury and inadequate tissue function.
Shortness of breath, also known as dyspnea, is the feeling that one cannot breathe well enough.
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a group of blood disorders typically inherited from a person's parents.
Sigmoid colon volvulus, also known as sigmoid volvulus, is a common cause of bowel obstruction and constipation.
The small intestine or small bowel is the part of the gastrointestinal tract between the stomach and the large intestine, and is where most of the end absorption of food takes place.
The spleen is an organ found in virtually all vertebrates.
Splenomegaly is an enlargement of the spleen.
The stomach (from ancient Greek στόμαχος, stomachos, stoma means mouth) is a muscular, hollow organ in the gastrointestinal tract of humans and many other animals, including several invertebrates.
Stomach cancer, also known as gastric cancer, is cancer developing from the lining of the stomach.
In human anatomy, the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) arises from the anterior surface of the abdominal aorta, just inferior to the origin of the celiac trunk, and supplies the intestine from the lower part of the duodenum through two-thirds of the transverse colon, as well as the pancreas.
Superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome is a gastro-vascular disorder in which the third and final portion of the duodenum is compressed between the abdominal aorta (AA) and the overlying superior mesenteric artery.
Surgery (from the χειρουργική cheirourgikē (composed of χείρ, "hand", and ἔργον, "work"), via chirurgiae, meaning "hand work") is a medical specialty that uses operative manual and instrumental techniques on a patient to investigate or treat a pathological condition such as a disease or injury, to help improve bodily function or appearance or to repair unwanted ruptured areas.
A symptom (from Greek σύμπτωμα, "accident, misfortune, that which befalls", from συμπίπτω, "I befall", from συν- "together, with" and πίπτω, "I fall") is a departure from normal function or feeling which is noticed by a patient, reflecting the presence of an unusual state, or of a disease.
Tabes dorsalis, also known as syphilitic myelopathy, is a slow degeneration (specifically, demyelination) of the neural tracts primarily in the dorsal columns (posterior columns) of the spinal cord (the portion closest to the back of the body) & dorsal roots.
Testicular torsion occurs when the spermatic cord (from which the testicle is suspended) twists, cutting off the testicle's blood supply.
The thorax or chest (from the Greek θώραξ thorax "breastplate, cuirass, corslet" via thorax) is a part of the anatomy of humans and various other animals located between the neck and the abdomen.
Thrombosis (from Ancient Greek θρόμβωσις thrómbōsis "clotting”) is the formation of a blood clot inside a blood vessel, obstructing the flow of blood through the circulatory system.
Troponin I is a cardiac and skeletal muscle protein useful in the laboratory diagnosis of heart attack.
Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a long-term condition that results in inflammation and ulcers of the colon and rectum.
Ultrasound is sound waves with frequencies higher than the upper audible limit of human hearing.
Uremia is the condition of having "urea in the blood".
Urinary retention is an inability to completely empty the bladder.
A urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection that affects part of the urinary tract.
Vaginal bleeding is any bleeding through the vagina, including bleeding from the vaginal wall itself, as well as (and more commonly) bleeding from another location of the female reproductive system, often the uterus.
Vasculitis is a group of disorders that destroy blood vessels by inflammation.
A venous thrombus is a blood clot (thrombus) that forms within a vein.
The vertebral column, also known as the backbone or spine, is part of the axial skeleton.
A volvulus is when a loop of intestine twists around itself and the mesentery that supports it, resulting in a bowel obstruction.
Vomiting, also known as emesis, puking, barfing, throwing up, among other terms, is the involuntary, forceful expulsion of the contents of one's stomach through the mouth and sometimes the nose.
X-rays make up X-radiation, a form of electromagnetic radiation.
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