399 relations: Abolitionism in the United States, Abraham Lincoln (captain), Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historical Park, Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum, Abraham Lincoln's first inaugural address, Abraham Lincoln's patent, Abraham Lincoln's Peoria speech, Abraham Lincoln's second inaugural address, Admission to the bar in the United States, Aesop's Fables, Alexander Campbell (clergyman), Alexander H. Stephens, All men are created equal, Allan Nevins, Allan Pinkerton, Allen C. Guelzo, Alton Railroad, Ambrose Burnside, American Civil War, American Colonization Society, American frontier, American Writers: A Journey Through History, Andrew Johnson, Ann Rutledge, Antoine-Henri Jomini, Aortic insufficiency, Appomattox Court House National Historical Park, Army of the Ohio, Army of the Potomac, Army of Virginia, Assassination of Abraham Lincoln, Attrition warfare, Baltimore Plot, Baltimore riot of 1861, Barack Obama, Battle Cry of Freedom (book), Battle of Antietam, Battle of Chancellorsville, Battle of Cold Harbor, Battle of Five Forks, Battle of Fort Stevens, Battle of Fort Sumter, Battle of Fredericksburg, Battle of Gettysburg, Battle of Hampton Roads, Battle of Shiloh, Battle of the Wilderness, Benjamin Wade, Black Hawk War, Bleeding Kansas, ..., Bloomington Convention, Border states (American Civil War), Boston Corbett, Bureau of Engraving and Printing, C-SPAN, C. Vann Woodward, Caleb Blood Smith, Captain (United States O-3), Charles Leale, Charles Sumner, Cold War, Coles County, Illinois, Commander-in-chief, Commentaries on the Laws of England, Compensated emancipation, Compromise of 1850, Confederate States of America, Confiscation Act of 1861, Confiscation Act of 1862, Conscription, Conservatism in the United States, Constitutional Union Party (United States), Cooper Union speech, Copperhead (politics), Corwin Amendment, Court-martial, Crittenden Compromise, CSS Virginia, Dakota War of 1862, Daniel Defoe, David Davis (Supreme Court justice), David Farragut, David Herbert Donald, David Hunter, De Musset's sign, Decatur, Illinois, Democratic Party (United States), Denton Offutt, Department of the West, Disneyland, Doctrine of necessity, Don Carlos Buell, Dred Scott v. Sandford, Duff Armstrong, Edmund Burke, Edward Baker Lincoln, Edward Bates, Edwin Stanton, Electoral College (United States), Electoral fusion, Elizabethtown, Kentucky, Emancipation Proclamation, Eric Foner, Evangelicalism, Ex parte Merryman, Farmers' Almanac, First Battle of Bull Run, First Transcontinental Railroad, Flatboat, Ford's Theatre, Fort Sumter, Founding Fathers of the United States, Franklin D. Roosevelt, Frederick Douglass, Frederick Steele, Free Soil Party, Freedman, Freedmen's Bureau, Freeport Doctrine, General Land Office, George B. McClellan, George Meade, Gettysburg Address, Gettysburg Campaign, Gideon Welles, Grace Bedell, Great Moments with Mr. Lincoln, Habeas corpus, Hampton Roads Conference, Hannibal Hamlin, Hardin County, Kentucky, Harpers Ferry, West Virginia, Henry Clay, Henry Halleck, Henry Rathbone, Hingham, Massachusetts, Hingham, Norfolk, Historical rankings of presidents of the United States, History of depression, History of the United States Republican Party, Hodgenville, Kentucky, Holy Land, Homestead Acts, Horace Greeley, Hugh McCulloch, Hurd v. Rock Island Bridge Co., Iconoclasm, Illinois, Illinois and Michigan Canal, Illinois Central Railroad, Illinois General Assembly, Illinois House of Representatives, Illinois Republican Party, Illinois's 7th congressional district, Indiana, Internal improvements, Jacksonian democracy, James Buchanan, James G. Randall, James K. Polk, James Madison, James River, James Speed, Jefferson County, Kentucky, Jefferson Davis, Joel Aldrich Matteson, John Bell (Tennessee politician), John Bunyan, John C. Breckinridge, John C. Frémont, John Henry (representative), John J. Hardin, John Keats, John Locke, John Merryman, John Palmer Usher, John Pope (military officer), John T. Stuart, John Wilkes Booth, Joseph Hooker, Joshua Reed Giddings, Jubal Early, Judicial notice, Justin Butterfield, Kansas Territory, Kansas–Nebraska Act, Kentucky, King James Version, Knob Creek Farm, Know Nothing, Lecompton Constitution, Leonard Swett, Lerone Bennett Jr., Lexington, Kentucky, Liberia, Liberty Party (United States, 1840), Library of Congress, Lincoln at Gettysburg, Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial, Lincoln Home National Historic Site, Lincoln Log Cabin State Historic Site, Lincoln Memorial, Lincoln Tomb, Lincoln's House Divided Speech, Lincoln's Lost Speech, Lincoln's New Salem, Lincoln, Nebraska, Lincoln-Herndon Law Offices State Historic Site, Lincoln–Douglas debates, List of civil rights leaders, List of photographs of Abraham Lincoln, List of Presidents of the United States, List of United States Representatives from Illinois, List of United States Republican Party presidential tickets, Little Pigeon Creek Community, Lorenzo Thomas, Lying in state, Lyman Trumbull, Macon County, Illinois, Major depressive disorder, Marfan syndrome, Marfanoid, Mark E. Neely Jr., Mark Noll, Martial law, Mary Todd Lincoln, Mason Locke Weems, Mason–Dixon line, Medullary thyroid cancer, Mel Bradford, Mexican–American War, Milk sickness, Millard Fillmore, Missouri Compromise, Montgomery Blair, Morrill Land-Grant Acts, Morrill Tariff, Moses, Mount Rushmore, Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2b, Nancy Lincoln, Nathaniel P. Banks, National Bank Act, National Endowment for the Humanities, National Mall, National Union Party (United States), Nebraska Territory, Negative capability, Nevada, New Deal, New Jersey, New York City draft riots, New York World, Noah Brooks, Noah Haynes Swayne, Norman B. Judd, Northwest Indian War, Oak Ridge Cemetery, Ohio River, Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr., Oregon Territory, Our American Cousin, Outline of Abraham Lincoln, Overland Campaign, Pacific Railroad Acts, Patronage, Peace Conference of 1861, Peninsula Campaign, Pennsylvania, Penny (United States coin), Perfidy, Petersburg, Virginia, Petersen House, Philip Sheridan, Potomac River, President of the United States, Private (rank), Progressive Era, Radical Republican, Rappahannock River, Reconstruction era, Religious skepticism, Republican Party (United States), Republicanism in the United States, Revenue Act of 1861, Revenue Act of 1862, Richard N. Current, Richmond, Virginia, Robert Anderson (Civil War), Robert E. Lee, Robert Todd Lincoln, Robert Todd Lincoln Beckwith, Robinson Crusoe, Roger B. Taney, Ronald C. White, Salmon P. Chase, Samuel Freeman Miller, Samuel Lincoln, Sangamon County, Illinois, Sangamon River, Sarah Bush Lincoln, Sarah Lincoln Grigsby, Second Battle of Bull Run, Separate Baptists, Sexuality of Abraham Lincoln, Shapell Manuscript Foundation, Shenandoah Valley, Sherman's March to the Sea, Siege of Petersburg, Simon Cameron, Slave Power, Slave states and free states, Slavery, Spencer County, Indiana, Spot Resolutions, Springfield, Illinois, Stephen A. Douglas, Stephen Johnson Field, Stephen T. Logan, Stillbirth, Storytelling, Supreme Court of Illinois, Supreme Court of the United States, Tad Lincoln, Team of Rivals, Ten percent plan, Tennessee, Thaddeus Stevens, Thanksgiving (United States), The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin, The Fiery Trial, The Hall of Presidents, The Journal of Commerce, The Pilgrim's Progress, The Towers (Ohio State), Theodore Roosevelt, Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution, Thomas L. Harris, Thomas Lincoln, Total war, Trent Affair, Typhoid fever, Ulysses S. Grant, Union (American Civil War), Union blockade, United States, United States Capitol rotunda, United States circuit court, United States Declaration of Independence, United States Department of Agriculture, United States Department of War, United States district court, United States dollar, United States elections, 1856, United States five-dollar bill, United States House of Representatives, United States House of Representatives elections, 1862 and 1863, United States Navy, United States presidential election, 1848, United States presidential election, 1860, United States presidential election, 1864, United States Secretary of War, United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, University of North Carolina Press, USS Monitor, Vicksburg Campaign, Vicksburg, Mississippi, Virginia, Wade–Davis Bill, Walt Disney, Walt Disney World, Walt Whitman, War Democrat, War Governors' Conference, Ward Hill Lamon, Washington, D.C., West Virginia, When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd, Whig Party (United States), White House, Wide Awakes, William Blackstone, William Dennison Jr., William H. Seward, William Henry Bissell, William Herndon (lawyer), William L. Dayton, William P. Fessenden, William Rosecrans, William Tecumseh Sherman, William Wallace Lincoln, Wilmot Proviso, Winfield Scott, Woodrow Wilson, Yosemite National Park, Zachary Taylor, 1856 Republican National Convention, 1860 Democratic National Conventions, 1860 Republican National Convention. Expand index (349 more) » « Shrink index
Abolitionism in the United States was the movement before and during the American Civil War to end slavery in the United States.
Abraham Lincoln (May 13, 1744 – May 1786) was the grandfather of the 16th U.S. president, Abraham Lincoln.
Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historical Park preserves two separate farm sites in LaRue County, Kentucky where Abraham Lincoln was born and lived early in his childhood.
The Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum documents the life of the 16th U.S. President, Abraham Lincoln, and the course of the American Civil War.
Abraham Lincoln's first inaugural address was delivered on Monday, March 4, 1861, as part of his taking of the oath of office for his first term as the sixteenth President of the United States.
Abraham Lincoln's patent relates to an invention to lift boats over shoals and obstructions in a river.
Abraham Lincoln's Peoria speech was made in Peoria, Illinois on October 16, 1854.
Abraham Lincoln delivered his second inaugural address on March 4, 1865, during his second inauguration as President of the United States.
Admission to the bar in the United States is the granting of permission by a particular court system to a lawyer to practice law in that system.
Aesop's Fables, or the Aesopica, is a collection of fables credited to Aesop, a slave and storyteller believed to have lived in ancient Greece between 620 and 564 BCE.
Alexander Campbell (12 September 1788 – 4 March 1866) was a Scots-Irish immigrant who became an ordained minister in the United States and joined his father Thomas Campbell as a leader of a reform effort that is historically known as the Restoration Movement, and by some as the "Stone-Campbell Movement." It resulted in the development of non-denominational Christian churches, which stressed reliance on scripture and few essentials.
Alexander Hamilton Stephens (born February 11, 1812 – March 4, 1883) was an American politician who served as the 50th Governor of Georgia from 1882 until his death in 1883.
The quotation "All men are created equal" has been called an "immortal declaration," and "perhaps single phrase" of the American Revolutionary period with the greatest "continuing importance." Thomas Jefferson first used the phrase in the U.S. Declaration of Independence, which he penned in 1776 during the beginning of the American Revolution.
Joseph Allan Nevins (May 20, 1890 – March 5, 1971) was an American historian and journalist, known for his extensive work on the history of the Civil War and his biographies of such figures as Grover Cleveland, Hamilton Fish, Henry Ford, and John D. Rockefeller, as well as his public service.
Allan J. Pinkerton (25 August 1819 – 1 July 1884) was a Scottish American detective and spy, best known for creating the Pinkerton National Detective Agency.
Allen Carl Guelzo (born 1953) is the Henry R. Luce III Professor of the Civil War Era at Gettysburg College, where he serves as Director of the Civil War Era Studies Program.
The Alton Railroad was the final name of a railroad linking Chicago to Alton, Illinois, St. Louis, Missouri, and Kansas City, Missouri.
Ambrose Everett Burnside (May 23, 1824 – September 13, 1881) was an American soldier, railroad executive, inventor, industrialist, and politician from Rhode Island, serving as governor and a United States Senator.
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
The Society for the Colonization of Free People of Color of America, commonly known as the American Colonization Society (ACS), was a group established in 1816 by Robert Finley of New Jersey which supported the migration of free African Americans to the continent of Africa.
The American frontier comprises the geography, history, folklore, and cultural expression of life in the forward wave of American expansion that began with English colonial settlements in the early 17th century and ended with the admission of the last mainland territories as states in 1912.
American Writers: A Journey Through History is a series produced and broadcast by C-SPAN in 2001 and 2002 that profiled selected American writers and their times.
Andrew Johnson (December 29, 1808 July 31, 1875) was the 17th President of the United States, serving from 1865 to 1869.
Ann Rutledge (January 7, 1813 – August 25, 1835) was allegedly Abraham Lincoln's first love.
Antoine-Henri, Baron Jomini (6 March 177924 March 1869) was a Swiss officer who served as a general in the French and later in the Russian service, and one of the most celebrated writers on the Napoleonic art of war.
Aortic insufficiency (AI), also known as aortic regurgitation (AR), is the leaking of the aortic valve of the heart that causes blood to flow in the reverse direction during ventricular diastole, from the aorta into the left ventricle.
The Appomattox Court House National Historical Park is a National Historical Park of original and reconstructed 19th century buildings in Appomattox County, Virginia.
The Army of the Ohio was the name of two Union armies in the American Civil War.
The Army of the Potomac was the principal Union Army in the Eastern Theater of the American Civil War.
The Army of Virginia was organized as a major unit of the Union Army and operated briefly and unsuccessfully in 1862 in the American Civil War.
Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the United States, was assassinated by well-known stage actor John Wilkes Booth on April 14, 1865, while attending the play Our American Cousin at Ford's Theatre in Washington, D.C. Shot in the head as he watched the play, Lincoln died the following day at 7:22 a.m., in the Petersen House opposite the theater.
Attrition warfare is a military strategy consisting of belligerent attempts to win a war by wearing down the enemy to the point of collapse through continuous losses in personnel and materiel.
The Baltimore Plot was an alleged conspiracy in late February 1861 to assassinate President-elect Abraham Lincoln en route to his inauguration.
The Baltimore riot of 1861 (also called the "Pratt Street Riots" and the "Pratt Street Massacre") was a civil conflict on Friday, April 19, 1861, on Pratt Street, in Baltimore, Maryland, between antiwar "Copperhead" Democrats (the largest party in Maryland) and other Southern/Confederate sympathizers on one side, and members of the primarily Massachusetts and some Pennsylvania state militia regiments en route to the national capital at Washington called up for federal service, on the other.
Barack Hussein Obama II (born August 4, 1961) is an American politician who served as the 44th President of the United States from January 20, 2009, to January 20, 2017.
Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era is a Pulitzer Prize-winning work on the American Civil War, published in 1988, by James M. McPherson.
The Battle of Antietam, also known as the Battle of Sharpsburg, particularly in the Southern United States, was a battle of the American Civil War, fought on September 17, 1862, between Confederate General Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia and Union General George B. McClellan's Army of the Potomac, near Sharpsburg, Maryland and Antietam Creek.
The Battle of Chancellorsville was a major battle of the American Civil War (1861–1865), and the principal engagement of the Chancellorsville Campaign.
The Battle of Cold Harbor was fought during the American Civil War near Mechanicsville, Virginia, from May 31 to June 12, 1864, with the most significant fighting occurring on June 3.
The Battle of Five Forks was fought on April 1, 1865, southwest of Petersburg, Virginia, around the road junction of Five Forks, Dinwiddie County, Virginia, during the end of the Richmond–Petersburg Campaign (sometimes called the Siege of Petersburg) and in the beginning stage of the Appomattox Campaign near the conclusion of the American Civil War.
The Battle of Fort Stevens was an American Civil War battle fought July 11–12, 1864, in Northwest Washington, D.C., as part of the Valley Campaigns of 1864 between forces under Confederate Lieutenant General Jubal Early and Union Major General Alexander McDowell McCook.
The Battle of Fort Sumter (April 12–13, 1861) was the bombardment of Fort Sumter near Charleston, South Carolina by the Confederate States Army, and the return gunfire and subsequent surrender by the United States Army, that started the American Civil War.
The Battle of Fredericksburg was fought December 11–15, 1862, in and around Fredericksburg, Virginia, between General Robert E. Lee's Confederate Army of Northern Virginia and the Union Army of the Potomac, commanded by Major General Ambrose Burnside, as part of the American Civil War.
The Battle of Gettysburg (with an sound) was fought July 1–3, 1863, in and around the town of Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, by Union and Confederate forces during the American Civil War.
The Battle of Hampton Roads, often referred to as either the Battle of the Monitor and Merrimack (or Virginia) or the Battle of Ironclads, was the most noted and arguably most important naval battle of the American Civil War from the standpoint of the development of navies.
The Battle of Shiloh (also known as the Battle of Pittsburg Landing) was a battle in the Western Theater of the American Civil War, fought April 6–7, 1862, in southwestern Tennessee.
The Battle of the Wilderness, fought May 5–7, 1864, was the first battle of Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant's 1864 Virginia Overland Campaign against Gen. Robert E. Lee and the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War.
Benjamin Franklin "Bluff" Wade (October 27, 1800March 2, 1878) was an American politician who served as one of the two United States Senators from Ohio from 1851 to 1869.
The Black Hawk War was a brief conflict between the United States and Native Americans led by Black Hawk, a Sauk leader.
Bleeding Kansas, Bloody Kansas or the Border War was a series of violent civil confrontations in the United States between 1854 and 1861 which emerged from a political and ideological debate over the legality of slavery in the proposed state of Kansas.
The Bloomington Convention was a meeting held in Bloomington, Illinois, on May 29, 1856, establishing the Illinois Republican Party.
In the context of the American Civil War (1861–65), the border states were slave states that did not declare a secession from the Union and did not join the Confederacy.
Thomas P. "Boston" Corbett (January 29, 1832 – presumed dead c. September 1, 1894) was a Union Army soldier who shot and killed President Abraham Lincoln's assassin, John Wilkes Booth.
The Bureau of Engraving and Printing (BEP) is a government agency within the United States Department of the Treasury that designs and produces a variety of security products for the United States government, most notable of which is Federal Reserve Notes (paper money) for the Federal Reserve, the nation's central bank.
C-SPAN, an acronym for Cable-Satellite Public Affairs Network, is an American cable and satellite television network that was created in 1979 by the cable television industry as a public service.
Comer Vann Woodward (November 13, 1908 – December 17, 1999) was a Pulitzer-prize winning American historian focusing primarily on the American South and race relations.
Caleb Blood Smith (April 16, 1808 – January 7, 1864) was an American journalist and politician, serving in the Cabinet of Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War.
In the United States Army (USA), U.S. Marine Corps (USMC), and U.S. Air Force (USAF), captain (abbreviated "CPT" in the USA and "Capt" in the USMC and USAF) is a company grade officer rank, with the pay grade of O-3.
Charles Augustus Leale (March 26, 1842 – June 13, 1932) was a surgeon in the Union Army during the American Civil War.
Charles Sumner (January 6, 1811 – March 11, 1874) was an American politician and United States Senator from Massachusetts.
The Cold War was a state of geopolitical tension after World War II between powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its satellite states) and powers in the Western Bloc (the United States, its NATO allies and others).
Coles County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois.
A commander-in-chief, also sometimes called supreme commander, or chief commander, is the person or body that exercises supreme operational command and control of a nation's military forces.
The Commentaries on the Laws of England are an influential 18th-century treatise on the common law of England by Sir William Blackstone, originally published by the Clarendon Press at Oxford, 1765–1769.
Compensated emancipation was a method of ending slavery in countries where slavery was legal.
The Compromise of 1850 was a package of five separate bills passed by the United States Congress in September 1850, which defused a four-year political confrontation between slave and free states on the status of territories acquired during the Mexican–American War (1846–1848).
The Confederate States of America (CSA or C.S.), commonly referred to as the Confederacy, was an unrecognized country in North America that existed from 1861 to 1865.
The Confiscation Act of 1861 was an act of Congress during the early months of the American Civil War permitting court proceedings for confiscation of any of property being used to support the Confederate independence effort, including slaves.
The Confiscation Act of 1862, or Second Confiscation Act, was a law passed by the United States Congress during the American Civil War.
Conscription, sometimes called the draft, is the compulsory enlistment of people in a national service, most often a military service.
American conservatism is a broad system of political beliefs in the United States that is characterized by respect for American traditions, republicanism, support for Judeo-Christian values, moral absolutism, free markets and free trade, anti-communism, individualism, advocacy of American exceptionalism, and a defense of Western culture from the perceived threats posed by socialism, authoritarianism, and moral relativism.
The Constitutional Union Party was a political party in the United States created in 1860 which ran against the Republicans and Democrats as a fourth party in 1860.
The Cooper Union speech or address, known at the time as the Cooper Institute speech, was delivered by Abraham Lincoln on February 27, 1860, at Cooper Union, in New York City.
In the 1860s, the Copperheads were a vocal faction of Democrats in the Northern United States of the Union who opposed the American Civil War and wanted an immediate peace settlement with the Confederates.
The Corwin Amendment is a proposed amendment to the United States Constitution that would shield "domestic institutions" of the states (which in 1861 included slavery) from the constitutional amendment process and from abolition or interference by Congress.
A court-martial or court martial (plural courts-martial or courts martial, as "martial" is a postpositive adjective) is a military court or a trial conducted in such a court.
The Crittenden Compromise was an unsuccessful proposal introduced by United States Senator John J. Crittenden (Constitutional Unionist of Kentucky) on December 18, 1860.
CSS Virginia was the first steam-powered ironclad warship built by the Confederate States Navy during the first year of the American Civil War; she was constructed as a casemate ironclad using the raised and cut down original lower hull and engines of the scuttled steam frigate.
The Dakota War of 1862, also known as the Sioux Uprising, Dakota Uprising, the Sioux Outbreak of 1862, the Dakota Conflict, the U.S.–Dakota War of 1862 or Little Crow's War, was an armed conflict between the United States and several bands of Dakota (also known as the eastern 'Sioux').
Daniel Defoe (13 September 1660 - 24 April 1731), born Daniel Foe, was an English trader, writer, journalist, pamphleteer and spy.
David Davis (March 9, 1815 – June 26, 1886) was a United States Senator from Illinois and associate justice of the United States Supreme Court.
David Glasgow Farragut (also spelled Glascoe; July 5, 1801 – August 14, 1870) was a flag officer of the United States Navy during the American Civil War.
David Herbert Donald (October 1, 1920 – May 17, 2009) was an American historian, best known for his 1995 biography of Abraham Lincoln.
David Hunter (July 21, 1802 – February 2, 1886) was a Union general during the American Civil War.
de Musset's sign is a condition in which there is rhythmic nodding or bobbing of the head in synchrony with the beating of the heart, in general as a result of aortic insufficiency whereby blood from the aorta regurgitates into the left ventricle due to a defect in the aortic valve.
Decatur is the largest city and the county seat of Macon County in the U.S. state of Illinois.
The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with the Republican Party (nicknamed the GOP for Grand Old Party).
Denton Offutt was a 19th-century American general store operator who hired future President Abraham Lincoln for his first job as an adult in New Salem, Illinois.
The Department of the West, later known as the Western Department, was a major command (Department) of the United States Army during the 19th century.
Disneyland Park, originally Disneyland, is the first of two theme parks built at the Disneyland Resort in Anaheim, California, opened on July 17, 1955.
. Other similarly-named legal concepts are Necessity (tort) or Military necessity or Necessity (criminal law).
Don Carlos Buell (March 23, 1818November 19, 1898) was a United States Army officer who fought in the Seminole War, the Mexican-American War, and the American Civil War.
Dred Scott v. Sandford,, also known as the Dred Scott case, was a landmark decision by the United States Supreme Court on US labor law and constitutional law.
William "Duff" Armstrong (1833–1899) was an American Union soldier and the defendant in an 1858 murder prosecution in which he was defended by Abraham Lincoln, two years before he was elected President of the United States.
Edmund Burke (12 January 17309 July 1797) was an Anglo-Irish statesman born in Dublin, as well as an author, orator, political theorist and philosopher, who after moving to London in 1750 served as a member of parliament (MP) between 1766 and 1794 in the House of Commons with the Whig Party.
Edward Baker Lincoln (March 10, 1846 – February 1, 1850) was the second son of Abraham Lincoln and Mary Todd Lincoln.
Edward Bates (September 4, 1793 – March 25, 1869) was an American lawyer and statesman.
Edwin McMasters Stanton (December 19, 1814December 24, 1869) was an American lawyer and politician who served as Secretary of War under the Lincoln Administration during most of the American Civil War.
The United States Electoral College is the mechanism established by the United States Constitution for the election of the president and vice president of the United States by small groups of appointed representatives, electors, from each state and the District of Columbia.
Electoral fusion is an arrangement where two or more political parties on a ballot list the same candidate, pooling the votes for that candidate.
Elizabethtown is a home rule-class city and the county seat of Hardin County, Kentucky, United States.
The Emancipation Proclamation, or Proclamation 95, was a presidential proclamation and executive order issued by United States President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863.
Eric Foner (born February 7, 1943) is an American historian.
Evangelicalism, evangelical Christianity, or evangelical Protestantism, is a worldwide, crossdenominational movement within Protestant Christianity which maintains the belief that the essence of the Gospel consists of the doctrine of salvation by grace through faith in Jesus Christ's atonement.
Ex parte Merryman, 17 F. Cas. 144 (C.C.D. Md. 1861) (No. 9487), is a well-known and controversial U.S. federal court case which arose out of the American Civil War (1861–1865).
Farmers' Almanac is an annual North American periodical that has been in continuous publication since 1818.
The First Battle of Bull Run (the name used by Union forces), also known as the First Battle of Manassas.
The First Transcontinental Railroad (also called the Great Transcontinental Railroad, known originally as the "Pacific Railroad" and later as the "Overland Route") was a continuous railroad line constructed between 1863 and 1869 that connected the existing eastern U.S. rail network at Omaha, Nebraska/Council Bluffs, Iowa with the Pacific coast at the Oakland Long Wharf on San Francisco Bay.
A flatboat is a rectangular flat-bottomed boat with NOTE: "" wordings in the quote below are notes added to clarify square ends used to transport freight and passengers on inland waterways.
Ford's Theatre is a theatre located in Washington, D.C., which opened in August 1863.
Fort Sumter is a sea fort in Charleston, South Carolina, notable for two battles of the American Civil War.
The Founding Fathers of the United States led the American Revolution against the Kingdom of Great Britain.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Sr. (January 30, 1882 – April 12, 1945), often referred to by his initials FDR, was an American statesman and political leader who served as the 32nd President of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945.
Frederick Douglass (born Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey; – February 20, 1895) was an African-American social reformer, abolitionist, orator, writer, and statesman.
Frederick Steele (January 14, 1819 – January 12, 1868) was a career military officer in the United States Army, serving as a major general in the Union Army during the American Civil War.
The Free Soil Party was a short-lived political party in the United States active in the 1848 and 1852 presidential elections as well as in some state elections.
A freedman or freedwoman is a former slave who has been released from slavery, usually by legal means.
The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, usually referred to as simply the Freedmen's Bureau, was an agency of the United States Department of War to "direct such issues of provisions, clothing, and fuel, as he may deem needful for the immediate and temporary shelter and supply of destitute and suffering refugees and freedmen and their wives and children." The Freedmen's Bureau Bill, which established the Freedmen's Bureau on March 3, 1865, was initiated by President Abraham Lincoln and was intended to last for one year after the end of the Civil War.
The Freeport Doctrine was articulated by Stephen A. Douglas at the second of the Lincoln–Douglas debates on August 27, 1858, in Freeport, Illinois.
The General Land Office (GLO) was an independent agency of the United States government responsible for public domain lands in the United States.
George Brinton McClellan (December 3, 1826October 29, 1885) was an American soldier, civil engineer, railroad executive, and politician.
George Gordon Meade (December 31, 1815 – November 6, 1872) was a career United States Army officer and civil engineer best known for defeating Confederate General Robert E. Lee at the Battle of Gettysburg in the American Civil War.
The Gettysburg Address is a speech by U.S. President Abraham Lincoln, and one of the best-known speeches in American history.
The Gettysburg Campaign was a military invasion of Pennsylvania by the main Confederate army under General Robert E. Lee in summer 1863.
Gideon Welles (July 1, 1802 – February 11, 1878), nicknamed "Neptune", was the United States Secretary of the Navy from 1861 to 1869, a cabinet post he was awarded after supporting Abraham Lincoln in the 1860 election.
Grace Greenwood Bedell Billings (November 4, 1848 – November 2, 1936) was an American woman, notable as the person whose correspondence, at the age of eleven, encouraged Abraham Lincoln to grow his iconic beard.
Great Moments with Mr.
Habeas corpus (Medieval Latin meaning literally "that you have the body") is a recourse in law through which a person can report an unlawful detention or imprisonment to a court and request that the court order the custodian of the person, usually a prison official, to bring the prisoner to court, to determine whether the detention is lawful.
The Hampton Roads Conference was a peace conference held between the United States and the Confederate States on February 3, 1865, aboard the steamboat River Queen in Hampton Roads, Virginia, to discuss terms to end the American Civil War.
Hannibal Hamlin (August 27, 1809July 4, 1891) was an American attorney and politician from the state of Maine.
Hardin County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky.
Harpers Ferry is a historic town in Jefferson County, West Virginia, United States.
Henry Clay Sr. (April 12, 1777 – June 29, 1852) was an American lawyer, planter, and statesman who represented Kentucky in both the United States Senate and House of Representatives.
Henry Wager Halleck (January 16, 1815 – January 9, 1872) was a United States Army officer, scholar, and lawyer.
Henry Reed Rathbone (July 1, 1837 – August 14, 1911) was a United States military officer and diplomat who was present at the assassination of President Abraham Lincoln.
Hingham is a town in metropolitan Greater Boston on the South Shore of the U.S. state of Massachusetts in northern Plymouth County.
Hingham is a market town and civil parish in the Forehoe district in the heart of rural Norfolk, in England.
In political studies, surveys have been conducted in order to construct historical rankings of the success of individuals who have served as President of the United States.
What was previously known as melancholia and is now known as clinical depression, major depression, or simply depression and commonly referred to as major depressive disorder by many Health care professionals, has a long history, with similar conditions being described at least as far back as classical times.
The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP (abbreviation for Grand Old Party), is one of the world's oldest extant political parties.
Hodgenville is a home rule-class city in LaRue County, Kentucky, United States.
The Holy Land (Hebrew: אֶרֶץ הַקּוֹדֶשׁ, Terra Sancta; Arabic: الأرض المقدسة) is an area roughly located between the Jordan River and the Mediterranean Sea that also includes the Eastern Bank of the Jordan River.
The Homestead Acts were several United States federal laws under which an applicant, upon the satisfaction of certain conditions, could acquire ownership of land, typically called a "homestead.” In all, more than 270 million acres of public land, or nearly 10% of the total area of the U.S., was transferred to 1.6 million homesteaders; most of the homesteads were west of the Mississippi River.
Horace Greeley (February 3, 1811 – November 29, 1872) was an American author, statesman, founder and editor of the New-York Tribune, among the great newspapers of its time.
Hugh McCulloch (December 7, 1808 – May 24, 1895) was an American statesman who served two non-consecutive terms as U.S. Treasury Secretary under three presidents.
Hurd v. Rock Island Bridge Company (1857) is a landmark American civil case which won Abraham Lincoln fame as a lawyer.
IconoclasmLiterally, "image-breaking", from κλάω.
Illinois is a state in the Midwestern region of the United States.
The Illinois and Michigan Canal connected the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River and the Gulf of Mexico.
The Illinois Central Railroad, sometimes called the Main Line of Mid-America, was a railroad in the central United States, with its primary routes connecting Chicago, Illinois, with New Orleans, Louisiana, and Mobile, Alabama.
The Illinois General Assembly is the bicameral legislature of the U.S. state of Illinois and comprises the Illinois House of Representatives and the Illinois Senate.
The Illinois House of Representatives is the lower house of the Illinois General Assembly, the bicameral legislature of the U.S. state of Illinois.
The Illinois Republican Party is the state-level affiliate of the Republican Party in Illinois.
The 7th Congressional District of Illinois covers parts of Cook County, as of the 2011 redistricting that followed the 2010 census.
Indiana is a U.S. state located in the Midwestern and Great Lakes regions of North America.
Internal improvements is the term used historically in the United States for public works from the end of the American Revolution through much of the 19th century, mainly for the creation of a transportation infrastructure: roads, turnpikes, canals, harbors and navigation improvements.
Jacksonian democracy is a 19th-century political philosophy in the United States that espoused greater democracy for the common man as that term was then defined.
James Buchanan Jr. (April 23, 1791June 1, 1868) was an American politician who served as the 15th President of the United States (1857–61), serving immediately prior to the American Civil War.
James Garfield Randall (June 4, 1881 in Indianapolis, Indiana - February 20, 1953) was an American historian specializing on Abraham Lincoln and the era of the American Civil War.
James Knox Polk (November 2, 1795 – June 15, 1849) was an American politician who served as the 11th President of the United States (1845–1849).
James Madison Jr. (March 16, 1751 – June 28, 1836) was an American statesman and Founding Father who served as the fourth President of the United States from 1809 to 1817.
The James River is a river in the U.S. state of Virginia.
James Speed (March 11, 1812 – June 25, 1887) was an American lawyer, politician and professor.
Jefferson County is a county located in the U.S. state of Kentucky.
Jefferson Davis (June 3, 1808 – December 6, 1889) was an American politician who served as the only President of the Confederate States from 1861 to 1865.
Joel Aldrich Matteson (August 8, 1808 – January 31, 1873) was the tenth Governor of Illinois, serving from 1853 to 1857.
John Bell (February 18, 1796September 10, 1869) was an American politician, attorney, and planter.
John Bunyan (baptised November 30, 1628August 31, 1688) was an English writer and Puritan preacher best remembered as the author of the Christian allegory The Pilgrim's Progress.
John Cabell Breckinridge (January 16, 1821 – May 17, 1875) was an American lawyer, politician, and soldier.
John Charles Frémont or Fremont (January 21, 1813July 13, 1890) was an American explorer, politician, and soldier who, in 1856, became the first candidate of the Republican Party for the office of President of the United States.
John Henry (November 1, 1800 – April 28, 1882) was a U.S. Representative from Illinois.
John Jay Hardin (January 6, 1810 – February 23, 1847) was a U.S. Representative and militia general from Illinois.
John Keats (31 October 1795 – 23 February 1821) was an English Romantic poet.
John Locke (29 August 1632 – 28 October 1704) was an English philosopher and physician, widely regarded as one of the most influential of Enlightenment thinkers and commonly known as the "Father of Liberalism".
John Merryman (August 9, 1824 – November 15, 1881) of Baltimore County, Maryland, was arrested in May 1861 and held prisoner in Fort McHenry in Baltimore and the petitioner in the case "Ex parte Merryman" which was one of the best known habeas corpus cases of the American Civil War (1861-1865).
John Palmer Usher (January 9, 1816 – April 13, 1889) was a U.S. administrator who served in the Cabinet of President Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War.
John Pope (March 16, 1822 – September 23, 1892) was a career United States Army officer and Union general in the American Civil War.
John Todd Stuart (November 10, 1807 – November 23, 1885) was a lawyer and a U.S. Representative from Illinois.
John Wilkes Booth (May 10, 1838 – April 26, 1865) was the American actor who assassinated President Abraham Lincoln at Ford's Theatre in Washington, D.C. on April 14, 1865.
Joseph Hooker (November 13, 1814 – October 31, 1879) was a career United States Army officer, achieving the rank of major general in the Union Army during the American Civil War.
Joshua Reed Giddings (October 6, 1795 – May 27, 1864) was an American attorney, politician and a prominent opponent of slavery.
Jubal Anderson Early (November 3, 1816 – March 2, 1894) was a Virginia lawyer and politician who became a Confederate general during the American Civil War.
Judicial notice is a rule in the law of evidence that allows a fact to be introduced into evidence if the truth of that fact is so notorious or well known, or so authoritatively attested, that it cannot reasonably be doubted.
Justin Butterfield (1790 – October 23, 1855) served in 1849–1852 as commissioner of the General Land Office of the United States.
The Territory of Kansas was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from May 30, 1854, until January 29, 1861, when the eastern portion of the territory was admitted to the Union as the state of Kansas.
The Kansas–Nebraska Act of 1854 created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska and was drafted by Democratic Senator Stephen A. Douglas of Illinois and President Franklin Pierce.
Kentucky, officially the Commonwealth of Kentucky, is a state located in the east south-central region of the United States.
The King James Version (KJV), also known as the King James Bible (KJB) or simply the Version (AV), is an English translation of the Christian Bible for the Church of England, begun in 1604 and completed in 1611.
Knob Creek Farm has been a non-contiguous section of the Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historical Park since 2001; prior to that date it was privately owned.
The Native American Party, renamed the American Party in 1855 and commonly known as the Know Nothing movement, was an American nativist political party that operated nationally in the mid-1850s.
The Lecompton Constitution was the second of four proposed constitutions for the state of Kansas (it was preceded by the Topeka Constitution and was followed by the Leavenworth and Wyandotte Constitutions, the Wyandotte becoming the Kansas state constitution).
Leonard Swett (August 11, 1825 – June 8, 1889) was a civil and criminal lawyer who advised and assisted Abraham Lincoln throughout the president's political career.
Lerone Bennett Jr. (October 17, 1928 – February 14, 2018) was an African-American scholar, author and social historian, known for his analysis of race relations in the United States.
Lexington, consolidated with Fayette County and often denoted as Lexington-Fayette, is the second-largest city in Kentucky and the 60th-largest city in the United States.
Liberia, officially the Republic of Liberia, is a country on the West African coast.
The Liberty Party was a minor political party in the United States in the 1840s (with some offshoots surviving into the 1860s).
The Library of Congress (LOC) is the research library that officially serves the United States Congress and is the de facto national library of the United States.
Lincoln at Gettysburg: The Words That Remade America written by Garry Wills and published by Simon & Schuster in 1992, won the 1993 Pulitzer Prize for General Non-Fiction and the 1992 National Book Critics Circle Award for Criticism.
Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial is a United States Presidential Memorial, a National Historic Landmark District in present-day Lincoln City, Indiana.
Lincoln Home National Historic Site preserves the Springfield, Illinois home and a historic district where Abraham Lincoln lived from 1844 to 1861, before becoming the 16th President of the United States.
The Lincoln Log Cabin State Historic Site is an 86-acre (0.3 km²) history park located eight miles (13 km) south of Charleston, Illinois, U.S., near the town of Lerna.
The Lincoln Memorial is an American national monument built to honor the 16th President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln.
The Lincoln Tomb is the final resting place of the 16th President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln, his wife, Mary Todd Lincoln, and three of their four sons, Edward, William, and Thomas.
The House Divided Speech was an address given by Abraham Lincoln, later President of the United States, on June 16, 1858 at what was then the Illinois State Capitol in Springfield, after he had accepted the Illinois Republican Party's nomination as that state's US senator.
Lincoln's "Lost Speech" was a speech given by Abraham Lincoln at the Bloomington Convention on May 29, 1856, in Bloomington, Illinois.
Lincoln's New Salem State Historic Site is a reconstruction of the former village of New Salem in Menard County, Illinois, where Abraham Lincoln lived from 1831 to 1837.
Lincoln is the capital of the U.S. state of Nebraska and the county seat of Lancaster County.
The Lincoln-Herndon Law Offices State Historic Site is a historic brick building built in 1841 in the U.S. state of Illinois.
The Lincoln–Douglas debates (also known as The Great Debates of 1858) were a series of seven debates between Abraham Lincoln, the Republican candidate for the United States Senate from Illinois, and incumbent Senator Stephen Douglas, the Democratic Party candidate.
Civil rights leaders are influential figures in the promotion and implementation of political freedom and the expansion of personal civil liberties and rights.
There are 130 known photographs of Lincoln. See also Wikipedia article on Tad Lincoln for the famous 1864 photograph of Abraham Lincoln with his son Tad, by Anthony Berger.
The President of the United States is the elected head of state and head of government of the United States.
The following is an alphabetical list of members of the United States House of Representatives from the state of Illinois.
This is a list of the candidates for the offices of President of the United States and Vice President of the United States of the Republican Party of the United States.
Little Pigeon Creek Community, also known as Little Pigeon Creek Settlement and Little Pigeon River settlement, was a settlement in present Carter and Clay Townships, Spencer County, Indiana along Little Pigeon Creek.
Lorenzo Thomas (October 26, 1804 – March 2, 1875) was a career United States Army officer who was Adjutant General of the Army at the beginning of the American Civil War.
Lying in state is the tradition in which the body of a dead official is placed in a state building, either outside or inside a coffin, to allow the public to pay their respects.
Lyman Trumbull (October 12, 1813 – June 25, 1896) was a United States Senator from Illinois and the co-author of the Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution.
Macon County is a county located in the U.S. state of Illinois.
Major depressive disorder (MDD), also known simply as depression, is a mental disorder characterized by at least two weeks of low mood that is present across most situations.
Marfan syndrome (MFS) is a genetic disorder of the connective tissue.
Marfanoid (or Marfanoid habitus) is a constellation of symptoms resembling those of Marfan syndrome, including long limbs, with an arm span that exceeds the height of the individual, and a crowded oral maxilla, sometimes with a high arch in the palate, arachnodactyly, and hyperlaxity.
Mark E. Neely Jr. (born November 10, 1944 in Amarillo, Texas) is an American historian best known as an authority on the U.S. Civil War in general and Abraham Lincoln in particular.
Mark A. Noll (born 1946) is an American historian specializing in the history of Christianity in the United States.
Martial law is the imposition of direct military control of normal civilian functions of government, especially in response to a temporary emergency such as invasion or major disaster, or in an occupied territory. Martial law can be used by governments to enforce their rule over the public.
Mary Ann Todd Lincoln (December 13, 1818 – July 16, 1882) was the wife of the 16th President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln, and as such the First Lady of the United States from 1861 to 1865.
Mason Locke Weems (October 11, 1759 – May 23, 1825), usually referred to as Parson Weems, was an American book agent and author who wrote the first biography of George Washington immediately after his death.
The Mason–Dixon line, also called the Mason and Dixon line or Mason's and Dixon's line, was surveyed between 1763 and 1767 by Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon in the resolution of a border dispute involving Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Delaware in Colonial America.
Medullary thyroid cancer (MTC) is a form of thyroid carcinoma which originates from the parafollicular cells (C cells), which produce the hormone calcitonin.
Melvin E. "Mel" Bradford (May 8, 1934 – March 3, 1993) was a conservative political commentator and professor of literature at the University of Dallas.
The Mexican–American War, also known as the Mexican War in the United States and in Mexico as the American intervention in Mexico, was an armed conflict between the United States of America and the United Mexican States (Mexico) from 1846 to 1848.
Milk sickness, also known as tremetol vomiting or, in animals, as trembles, is a kind of poisoning, characterized by trembling, vomiting, and severe intestinal pain, that affects individuals who ingest milk, other dairy products, or meat from a cow that has fed on white snakeroot plant, which contains the poison tremetol.
Millard Fillmore (January 7, 1800 – March 8, 1874) was the 13th President of the United States (1850–1853), the last to be a member of the Whig Party while in the White House.
The Missouri Compromise is the title generally attached to the legislation passed by the 16th United States Congress on May 9, 1820.
Montgomery Blair (May 10, 1813 – July 27, 1883), the son of Francis Preston Blair, elder brother of Francis Preston Blair, Jr. and cousin of B. Gratz Brown, was a politician and lawyer from Maryland.
The Morrill Land-Grant Acts are United States statutes that allowed for the creation of land-grant colleges in U.S. states using the proceeds of federal land sales.
The Morrill Tariff of 1861 was an increased import tariff in the United States, adopted on March 2, 1861, during the administration of President James Buchanan, a Democrat.
Mosesמֹשֶׁה, Modern Tiberian ISO 259-3; ܡܘܫܐ Mūše; موسى; Mωϋσῆς was a prophet in the Abrahamic religions.
Mount Rushmore National Memorial is a sculpture carved into the granite face of Mount Rushmore, a batholith in the Black Hills in Keystone, South Dakota, United States.
Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2B (also known as "MEN2B", "Mucosal neuromata with endocrine tumors", "Multiple endocrine neoplasia type 3", and "Wagenmann–Froboese syndrome") is a genetic disease that causes multiple tumors on the mouth, eyes, and endocrine glands.
Nancy Hanks Lincoln (February 5, 1784 – October 5, 1818) is best known as the mother of United States President Abraham Lincoln.
Nathaniel Prentice (or Prentiss) Banks (January 30, 1816 – September 1, 1894) was an American politician from Massachusetts and a Union general during the Civil War.
The National Banking Acts of 1863 and 1864 were two United States federal banking acts that established a system of national banks, and created the United States National Banking System.
The National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) is an independent federal agency of the U.S. government, established by the National Foundation on the Arts and the Humanities Act of 1965, dedicated to supporting research, education, preservation, and public programs in the humanities.
The National Mall is a landscaped park within the National Mall and Memorial Parks, an official unit of the United States National Park System.
The National Union Party was the temporary name used by the Republican Party for the national ticket in the 1864 presidential election which was held during the Civil War.
The Territory of Nebraska was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from May 30, 1854, until March 1, 1867, when the final extent of the territory was admitted to the Union as the State of Nebraska.
Negative capability was a phrase first used by Romantic poet John Keats in 1817 to characterise the capacity of the greatest writers (particularly Shakespeare) to pursue a vision of artistic beauty even when it leads them into intellectual confusion and uncertainty, as opposed to a preference for philosophical certainty over artistic beauty.
Nevada (see pronunciations) is a state in the Western, Mountain West, and Southwestern regions of the United States of America.
The New Deal was a series of programs, public work projects, financial reforms and regulations enacted in the United States 1933-36, in response to the Great Depression.
New Jersey is a state in the Mid-Atlantic region of the Northeastern United States.
The New York City draft riots (July 13–16, 1863), known at the time as Draft Week, were violent disturbances in Lower Manhattan, widely regarded as the culmination of working-class discontent with new laws passed by Congress that year to draft men to fight in the ongoing American Civil War.
The New York World was a newspaper published in New York City from 1860 until 1931.
Noah Brooks (October 24, 1830 – August 16, 1903) was a journalist and editor who worked for newspapers in Sacramento, San Francisco, Newark, and New York, and authored a major biography of Abraham Lincoln based on close personal observation.
Noah Haynes Swayne (December 7, 1804 – June 8, 1884) was an American jurist and politician.
Norman Buel Judd (January 10, 1815 – November 11, 1878) was a U.S. Representative from Illinois, and the grandfather of U.S. Representative Norman Judd Gould of New York.
The Northwest Indian War (1785–1795), also known as the Ohio War, Little Turtle's War, and by other names, was a war between the United States and a confederation of numerous Native American tribes, with support from the British, for control of the Northwest Territory.
Oak Ridge Cemetery is a cemetery located in Springfield, Illinois, in the United States.
The Ohio River, which streams westward from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, to Cairo, Illinois, is the largest tributary, by volume, of the Mississippi River in the United States.
Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. (March 8, 1841 – March 6, 1935) was an American jurist who served as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States from 1902 to 1932, and as Acting Chief Justice of the United States from January–February 1930.
The Territory of Oregon was an organized incorporated territory of the United States that existed from August 14, 1848, until February 14, 1859, when the southwestern portion of the territory was admitted to the Union as the State of Oregon.
Our American Cousin is a three-act play by English playwright Tom Taylor.
The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to Abraham Lincoln: Abraham Lincoln16th President of the United States, serving from March 4, 1861 until his assassination in April 1865.
The Overland Campaign, also known as Grant's Overland Campaign and the Wilderness Campaign, was a series of battles fought in Virginia during May and June 1864, in the American Civil War.
The Pacific Railroad Acts were a series of acts of Congress that promoted the construction of a "transcontinental railroad" (the Pacific Railroad) in the United States through authorizing the issuance of government bonds and the grants of land to railroad companies.
Patronage is the support, encouragement, privilege, or financial aid that an organization or individual bestows to another.
The Peace Conference of 1861 was a meeting of 131 leading American politicians in February 1861, at the Willard's Hotel in Washington, DC, on the eve of the American Civil War.
The Peninsula Campaign (also known as the Peninsular Campaign) of the American Civil War was a major Union operation launched in southeastern Virginia from March through July 1862, the first large-scale offensive in the Eastern Theater.
Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania German: Pennsylvaani or Pennsilfaani), officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States.
The United States one-cent coin, often called a penny, is a unit of currency equaling one-hundredth of a United States dollar.
In the context of war, perfidy is a form of deception in which one side promises to act in good faith (such as by raising a flag of truce) with the intention of breaking that promise once the unsuspecting enemy is exposed (such as by coming out of cover to attack the enemy coming to take the "surrendering" prisoners into custody).
Petersburg is an independent city in the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States.
The Petersen House is a 19th-century federal style row house located at 516 10th Street NW in Washington, D.C. On April 15, 1865, United States President Abraham Lincoln died there after being shot the previous evening at Ford's Theatre located across the street.
Philip Henry Sheridan (March 6, 1831 – August 5, 1888) was a career United States Army officer and a Union general in the American Civil War.
The Potomac River is located within the Mid-Atlantic region of the United States and flows from the Potomac Highlands into the Chesapeake Bay.
The President of the United States (POTUS) is the head of state and head of government of the United States of America.
A private is a soldier of the lowest military rank (equivalent to NATO Rank Grades OR-1 to OR-3 depending on the force served in).
The Progressive Era was a period of widespread social activism and political reform across the United States that spanned from the 1890s to the 1920s.
The Radical Republicans were a faction of American politicians within the Republican Party of the United States from around 1854 (before the American Civil War) until the end of Reconstruction in 1877.
The Rappahannock River is a river in eastern Virginia, in the United States, approximately in length.
The Reconstruction era was the period from 1863 (the Presidential Proclamation of December 8, 1863) to 1877.
Religious skepticism is a type of skepticism relating to religion.
The Republican Party, also referred to as the GOP (abbreviation for Grand Old Party), is one of the two major political parties in the United States, the other being its historic rival, the Democratic Party.
Modern republicanism is a guiding political philosophy of the United States that has been a major part of American civic thought since its founding.
The Revenue Act of 1861, formally cited as, included the first U.S. Federal income tax statute (see). The Act, motivated by the need to fund the Civil War, imposed an income tax to be "levied, collected, and paid, upon the annual income of every person residing in the United States, whether such income is derived from any kind of property, or from any profession, trade, employment, or vocation carried on in the United States or elsewhere, or from any other source whatever " The tax imposed was a flat tax, with a rate of 3% on incomes above $800.
The Revenue Act of 1862 (July 1, 1862, Ch. 119), was a bill the United States Congress passed to help fund the American Civil War.
Richard Nelson Current (October 5, 1912 – October 26, 2012) was an American historian, called "the Dean of Lincoln Scholars", best known for The Lincoln Nobody Knows (1958), and Lincoln and the First Shot (1963).
Richmond is the capital of the Commonwealth of Virginia in the United States.
Robert Anderson (June 14, 1805 – October 26, 1871) was a United States Army officer during the American Civil War.
Robert Edward Lee (January 19, 1807 – October 12, 1870) was an American and Confederate soldier, best known as a commander of the Confederate States Army.
Robert Todd Lincoln (August 1, 1843 – July 26, 1926) was an American politician, lawyer, and businessman.
Robert Todd Lincoln Beckwith (July 19, 1904 – December 24, 1985) was an American gentleman farmer known as a great-grandson of Abraham Lincoln.
Robinson Crusoe is a novel by Daniel Defoe, first published on 25 April 1719.
Roger Brooke Taney (March 17, 1777 – October 12, 1864) was the fifth Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, holding that office from 1836 until his death in 1864.
Ronald C. "Ron" White (born May 22, 1939) is an American historian, author, and lecturer.
Salmon Portland Chase (January 13, 1808May 7, 1873) was a U.S. politician and jurist who served as the sixth Chief Justice of the United States.
Samuel Freeman Miller (April 5, 1816 – October 13, 1890) was an associate justice of the United States Supreme Court who served from 1862 to 1890.
Samuel Lincoln (died May 26, 1690) was an Englishman and progenitor of many notable United States political figures, including his 4th great-grandson, President Abraham Lincoln, Maine governor Enoch Lincoln, and Levi Lincoln Sr. and Levi Lincoln Jr., both of whom served as Massachusetts Representatives, Governor and Lieutenant Governor.
Sangamon County is a county located in the center of the U.S. state of Illinois.
The Sangamon River is a principal tributary of the Illinois River, approximately long,U.S. Geological Survey.
Sarah Bush Lincoln (December 13, 1788 – April 12, 1869) was the second wife of Thomas Lincoln and stepmother of President of the United States Abraham Lincoln.
Sarah Lincoln Grigsby (February 10, 1807 – January 20, 1828) was the older sister of the 16th President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln, and cared for him when they were young.
The Second Battle of Bull Run or Battle of Second Manassas was fought August 28–30, 1862 in Prince William County, Virginia, as part of the American Civil War.
The Separate Baptists were an 18th-century group of Baptists in the United States, primarily in the South, that grew out of the Great Awakening.
The sexuality of Abraham Lincoln (1809–1865), the 16th President of the United States, has been a topic of debate among some scholars.
The Shapell Manuscript Foundation (SMF) is a non-profit independent educational organization dedicated to research and the collection of historical documents and original manuscripts.
The Shenandoah Valley is a geographic valley and cultural region of western Virginia and the Eastern Panhandle of West Virginia in the United States.
Sherman's March to the Sea (also known as the Savannah Campaign) was a military campaign of the American Civil War conducted through Georgia from November 15 until December 21, 1864, by Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman of the Union Army.
The Richmond–Petersburg Campaign was a series of battles around Petersburg, Virginia, fought from June 9, 1864, to March 25, 1865, during the American Civil War.
Simon Cameron (March 8, 1799June 26, 1889) was an influential American businessman and politician who served as United States Secretary of War for Abraham Lincoln at the start of the American Civil War.
The Slave Power or Slaveocracy was the perceived political power in the U.S. federal government held by slave owners during the 1840s and 1850s, prior to the Civil War.
In the history of the United States, a slave state was a U.S. state in which the practice of slavery was legal, and a free state was one in which slavery was prohibited or being legally phased out.
Slavery is any system in which principles of property law are applied to people, allowing individuals to own, buy and sell other individuals, as a de jure form of property.
Spencer County is a county located in the U.S. state of Indiana.
The spot resolutions were offered in the United States House of Representatives on 22 December 1847 by future President Abraham Lincoln, then a Whig representative from Illinois.
Springfield is the capital of the U.S. state of Illinois and the county seat of Sangamon County.
Stephen Arnold Douglas (April 23, 1813 – June 3, 1861) was an American politician from Illinois and the designer of the Kansas–Nebraska Act.
Stephen Johnson Field (November 4, 1816 – April 9, 1899) was an American jurist.
Stephen Trigg Logan (February 24, 1800 – July 17, 1880) was an American lawyer and politician.
Stillbirth is typically defined as fetal death at or after 20 to 28 weeks of pregnancy.
Storytelling describes the social and cultural activity of sharing stories, sometimes with improvisation, theatrics, or embellishment.
The Supreme Court of Illinois is the state supreme court, the highest court of the state of Illinois.
The Supreme Court of the United States (sometimes colloquially referred to by the acronym SCOTUS) is the highest federal court of the United States.
Thomas "Tad" Lincoln III (April 4, 1853 – July 15, 1871) was the fourth and youngest son of Abraham and Mary Todd Lincoln.
Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln is a 2005 book by Pulitzer Prize-winning American historian Doris Kearns Goodwin, published by Simon & Schuster.
The ten percent plan, formally the Proclamation of Amnesty and Reconstruction, was a United States presidential proclamation issued on December 8, 1863, by President Abraham Lincoln, during the American Civil War.
Tennessee (translit) is a state located in the southeastern region of the United States.
Thaddeus Stevens (April 4, 1792 – August 11, 1868) was a member of the United States House of Representatives from Pennsylvania and one of the leaders of the Radical Republican faction of the Republican Party during the 1860s.
Thanksgiving, or Thanksgiving Day, is a public holiday celebrated on the fourth Thursday of November in the United States.
The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin is the traditional name for the unfinished record of his own life written by Benjamin Franklin from 1771 to 1790; however, Franklin himself appears to have called the work his Memoirs.
The Fiery Trial: Abraham Lincoln and American Slavery is a historical non-fiction book written by American historian Eric Foner.
The Hall of Presidents is an attraction located in Liberty Square at the Magic Kingdom in the Walt Disney World Resort.
The Journal of Commerce is a biweekly magazine published in the United States that focuses on global trade topics.
The Pilgrim's Progress from This World, to That Which Is to Come is a 1678 Christian allegory written by John Bunyan.
Abraham Lincoln Tower & Justin S. Morrill Tower, also known as The Towers, Morrill Tower or Lincoln Tower are two undergraduate residential houses at The Ohio State University.
Theodore Roosevelt Jr. (October 27, 1858 – January 6, 1919) was an American statesman and writer who served as the 26th President of the United States from 1901 to 1909.
The Thirteenth Amendment (Amendment XIII) to the United States Constitution abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime.
Thomas Langrell Harris (October 29, 1816 – November 24, 1858) was a soldier in the United States Army and U.S. Representative from Illinois.
Thomas Lincoln (January 6, 1778 – January 17, 1851) was an American farmer, carpenter, and father of 16th President of the United States, Abraham Lincoln.
Total war is warfare that includes any and all civilian-associated resources and infrastructure as legitimate military targets, mobilizes all of the resources of society to fight the war, and gives priority to warfare over non-combatant needs.
The Trent Affair was a diplomatic incident in 1861 during the American Civil War that threatened a war between the United States and the United Kingdom.
Typhoid fever, also known simply as typhoid, is a bacterial infection due to ''Salmonella'' typhi that causes symptoms.
Ulysses Simpson Grant (born Hiram Ulysses Grant; April 27, 1822 – July 23, 1885) was an American soldier and statesman who served as Commanding General of the Army and the 18th President of the United States, the highest positions in the military and the government of the United States.
During the American Civil War (1861–1865), the Union, also known as the North, referred to the United States of America and specifically to the national government of President Abraham Lincoln and the 20 free states, as well as 4 border and slave states (some with split governments and troops sent both north and south) that supported it.
The Union blockade in the American Civil War was a naval strategy by the United States to prevent the Confederacy from trading.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
The United States Capitol rotunda is the central rotunda (built 1818–1824) of the United States Capitol in Washington, D.C..
The United States circuit courts were the original intermediate level courts of the United States federal court system.
The United States Declaration of Independence is the statement adopted by the Second Continental Congress meeting at the Pennsylvania State House (now known as Independence Hall) in Philadelphia on July 4, 1776.
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA), also known as the Agriculture Department, is the U.S. federal executive department responsible for developing and executing federal laws related to farming, forestry, and food.
The United States Department of War, also called the War Department (and occasionally War Office in the early years), was the United States Cabinet department originally responsible for the operation and maintenance of the United States Army, also bearing responsibility for naval affairs until the establishment of the Navy Department in 1798, and for most land-based air forces until the creation of the Department of the Air Force on September 18, 1947.
The United States district courts are the general trial courts of the United States federal court system.
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.
The 1856 United States elections elected the members of the 35th United States Congress.
The United States five-dollar bill ($5) is a denomination of United States currency.
The United States House of Representatives is the lower chamber of the United States Congress, the Senate being the upper chamber.
Elections to the United States House of Representatives were held in mostly in November 1862, in the middle of President Abraham Lincoln's first term.
The United States Navy (USN) is the naval warfare service branch of the United States Armed Forces and one of the seven uniformed services of the United States.
The United States presidential election of 1848 was the 16th quadrennial presidential election, held on Tuesday, November 7, 1848.
The United States Presidential Election of 1860 was the nineteenth quadrennial presidential election to select the President and Vice President of the United States.
The United States presidential election of 1864, the 20th quadrennial presidential election, was held on Tuesday, November 8, 1864.
The Secretary of War was a member of the United States President's Cabinet, beginning with George Washington's administration.
The United States Senate Committee on Foreign Relations is a standing committee of the United States Senate.
The University of North Carolina Press (or UNC Press), founded in 1922, is a university press that is part of the University of North Carolina.
USS Monitor was an iron-hulled steamship.
The Vicksburg Campaign was a series of maneuvers and battles in the Western Theater of the American Civil War directed against Vicksburg, Mississippi, a fortress city that dominated the last Confederate-controlled section of the Mississippi River.
Vicksburg is the only city in, and county seat of Warren County, Mississippi, United States.
Virginia (officially the Commonwealth of Virginia) is a state in the Southeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States located between the Atlantic Coast and the Appalachian Mountains.
The Wade–Davis Bill of 1864 was a bill proposed for the Reconstruction of the South written by two Radical Republicans, Senator Benjamin Wade of Ohio and Representative Henry Winter Davis of Maryland.
Walter Elias Disney (December 5, 1901December 15, 1966) was an American entrepreneur, animator, voice actor and film producer.
The Walt Disney World Resort, commonly known as Walt Disney World, or often just as Disney World, is an entertainment complex in Bay Lake and Lake Buena Vista, Florida, near Orlando and Kissimmee, Florida.
Walter "Walt" Whitman (May 31, 1819 – March 26, 1892) was an American poet, essayist, and journalist.
War Democrats in American politics of the 1860s were members of the Democratic Party who supported the Union and rejected the policies of the Copperheads (or Peace Democrats).
The Loyal War Governors' Conference was an important political event of the American Civil War.
Ward Hill Lamon (January 6, 1828 – May 7, 1893) was a personal friend and self-appointed bodyguard of U.S. President Abraham Lincoln.
Washington, D.C., formally the District of Columbia and commonly referred to as Washington or D.C., is the capital of the United States of America.
West Virginia is a state located in the Appalachian region of the Southern United States.
"When Lilacs Last in the Dooryard Bloom'd" is a long poem in the form of an elegy written by American poet Walt Whitman (1819–1892) in 1865.
The Whig Party was a political party active in the middle of the 19th century in the United States.
The White House is the official residence and workplace of the President of the United States.
The Wide Awakes were a youth organization and, later, a paramilitary organization cultivated by the Republican Party during the 1860 presidential election in the United States.
Sir William Blackstone (10 July 1723 – 14 February 1780) was an English jurist, judge and Tory politician of the eighteenth century.
William Dennison Jr.
William Henry Seward (May 16, 1801 – October 10, 1872) was United States Secretary of State from 1861 to 1869, and earlier served as Governor of New York and United States Senator.
William Henry Bissell (April 25, 1811March 18, 1860) was the 11th Governor of the U.S. state of Illinois from 1857 until his death.
William Henry Herndon (December 25, 1818 – March 18, 1891) was a law partner and biographer of President Abraham Lincoln.
William Lewis Dayton (February 17, 1807December 1, 1864) was an American politician, active first in the Whig Party and later in the Republican Party.
William Pitt Fessenden (October 16, 1806September 8, 1869) was an American politician from the U.S. state of Maine.
William Starke Rosecrans (September 6, 1819March 11, 1898) was an American inventor, coal-oil company executive, diplomat, politician, and U.S. Army officer.
William Tecumseh Sherman (February 8, 1820 – February 14, 1891) was an American soldier, businessman, educator, and author.
William Wallace "Willie" Lincoln (December 21, 1850 – February 20, 1862) was the third son of President Abraham Lincoln and Mary Todd Lincoln.
The Wilmot Proviso proposed an American law to ban slavery in territory acquired from Mexico in the Mexican War.
Winfield Scott (June 13, 1786 – May 29, 1866) was a United States Army general and the unsuccessful presidential candidate of the Whig Party in 1852.
Thomas Woodrow Wilson (December 28, 1856 – February 3, 1924) was an American statesman and academic who served as the 28th President of the United States from 1913 to 1921.
Yosemite National Park is an American national park lying in the western Sierra Nevada of California.
Zachary Taylor (November 24, 1784 – July 9, 1850) was the 12th President of the United States, serving from March 1849 until his death in July 1850.
The 1856 Republican National Convention, also known as the first Republican National Convention, met from June 17 to June 19, 1856, at the Musical Fund Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
The three 1860 Democratic National Conventions were crucial events in the lead-up to the American Civil War.
The 1860 Republican National Convention, also known as the 2nd Republican National Convention, was a nominating convention of the Republican Party of the United States, held in Chicago, Illinois, from May 16 to 18, 1860.
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