63 relations: 'Pataphysics, Abraham, Absurdist fiction, Absurdistan, Albert Camus, Amorality, Atheistic existentialism, Binding of Isaac, Book of Genesis, Christian existentialism, Church of the SubGenius, Credo quia absurdum, Deity, Denmark, Discordianism, Embry–Riddle Aeronautical University, Epitaph, Existential nihilism, Existentialism, Fact–value distinction, Fear and Trembling, France, Free will, God, Instrumental and intrinsic value, Integrity, Irony, Irrationality, Isaac, Is–ought problem, Leap of faith, Liberty, Lottery of birth, Meaning (existential), Meaning of life, Morality, Nihilism, Nikos Kazantzakis, Non sequitur (literary device), Northwestern University Press, Oberiu, Objectivity (philosophy), Opposite (semantics), Oxford University Press, Peter Wessel Zapffe, Philosophy, Philosophy of Søren Kierkegaard, Religion, Rowman & Littlefield, Søren Kierkegaard, ..., Spirituality, Suicide, Terror management theory, The Myth of Sisyphus, The Point of View of My Work as an Author, The Rebel (book), The Sickness Unto Death, The Stranger (Camus novel), Theatre of the Absurd, Thomas Nagel, Transcendence (philosophy), Use–mention distinction, World War II. Expand index (13 more) » « Shrink index
Pataphysics or pataphysics (pataphysique) is a difficult to define literary trope invented by French writer Alfred Jarry (1873–1907).
Abraham (Arabic: إبراهيم Ibrahim), originally Abram, is the common patriarch of the three Abrahamic religions.
Absurdist fiction is a genre of fictional narrative (traditionally, literary fiction), most often in the form of a novel, play, poem, or film, that focuses on the experiences of characters in situations where they cannot find any inherent purpose in life, most often represented by ultimately meaningless actions and events that call into question the certainty of existential concepts such as truth or value.
Absurdistan is a term sometimes used to satirically describe a country in which absurdity is the norm, especially in its public authorities and government.
Albert Camus (7 November 1913 – 4 January 1960) was a French philosopher, author, and journalist.
Amorality is an absence of, indifference towards, or disregard for morality.
"Atheistic existentialism" is a kind of existentialism which strongly diverged from the Christian existential works of Søren Kierkegaard and developed within the context of an atheistic world view.
The Binding of Isaac (עֲקֵידַת יִצְחַק Aqedat Yitzhaq, in Hebrew also simply "The Binding", הָעֲקֵידָה Ha-Aqedah), is a story from the Hebrew Bible found in Genesis 22.
The Book of Genesis (from the Latin Vulgate, in turn borrowed or transliterated from Greek "", meaning "Origin"; בְּרֵאשִׁית, "Bərēšīṯ", "In beginning") is the first book of the Hebrew Bible (the Tanakh) and the Old Testament.
Christian existentialism is a theo-philosophical movement which takes an existentialist approach to Christian theology.
The Church of the SubGenius is a parody religion that satirizes better-known belief systems.
Credo quia absurdum is a Latin phrase that means "I believe because it is absurd.".
A deity is a supernatural being considered divine or sacred.
Denmark (Danmark), officially the Kingdom of Denmark,Kongeriget Danmark,.
Discordianism is a paradigm based upon the book Principia Discordia, written by Greg Hill with Kerry Wendell Thornley in 1963, the two working under the pseudonyms Malaclypse the Younger and Omar Khayyam Ravenhurst.
Embry–Riddle Aeronautical University (ERAU) is a private university system offering associate, bachelor, master's, and PhD degree programs in arts and sciences, aviation, business, engineering, computer programming, cyber security and security and intelligence.
An epitaph (from Greek ἐπιτάφιος epitaphios "a funeral oration" from ἐπί epi "at, over" and τάφος taphos "tomb") is a short text honoring a deceased person.
Existential nihilism is the philosophical theory that life has no intrinsic meaning or value.
Existentialism is a tradition of philosophical inquiry associated mainly with certain 19th and 20th-century European philosophers who, despite profound doctrinal differences,Oxford Companion to Philosophy, ed.
The fact–value distinction is the distinction between things that can be known to be true and things that are the personal preferences of individuals.
Fear and Trembling (original Danish title: Frygt og Bæven) is a philosophical work by Søren Kierkegaard, published in 1843 under the pseudonym Johannes de silentio (John of the Silence).
France, officially the French Republic (République française), is a sovereign state whose territory consists of metropolitan France in Western Europe, as well as several overseas regions and territories.
Free will is the ability to choose between different possible courses of action unimpeded.
In monotheistic thought, God is conceived of as the Supreme Being and the principal object of faith.
The word "value" is both a verb and a noun, each with multiple meanings.
Integrity is the quality of being honest and having strong moral principles, or moral uprightness.
Irony, in its broadest sense, is a rhetorical device, literary technique, or event in which what appears, on the surface, to be the case, differs radically from what is actually the case.
Irrationality is cognition, thinking, talking, or acting without inclusion of rationality.
According to the biblical Book of Genesis, Isaac (إسحٰق/إسحاق) was the son of Abraham and Sarah and father of Jacob; his name means "he will laugh", reflecting when Sarah laughed in disbelief when told that she would have a child.
The is–ought problem, as articulated by Scottish philosopher and historian David Hume (1711–76), states that many writers make claims about what ought to be, based on statements about what is.
A leap of faith, in its most commonly used meaning, is the act of believing in or accepting something outside the boundaries of reason.
Liberty, in politics, consists of the social, political, and economic freedoms to which all community members are entitled.
The lottery of birth is a philosophical argument which states that since no one chooses the circumstances into which they are born, people should not be held responsible for them (being rich, being poor, etc.). The lottery of birth argument has been used by philosophers such as John Locke, Thomas Hobbes, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau.
Meaning in existentialism is descriptive; therefore it is unlike typical, prescriptive conceptions of "the meaning of life".
The meaning of life, or the answer to the question "What is the meaning of life?", pertains to the significance of living or existence in general.
Morality (from) is the differentiation of intentions, decisions and actions between those that are distinguished as proper and those that are improper.
Nihilism is the philosophical viewpoint that suggests the denial or lack of belief towards the reputedly meaningful aspects of life.
Nikos Kazantzakis (Νίκος Καζαντζάκης; 18 February 188326 October 1957) was a Greek writer.
A non-sequitur ("it does not follow") is a conversational and literary device, often used for comedic purposes.
Northwestern University Press is affiliated with Northwestern University in Evanston, IL.
OBERIU (Russian: ОБэРИу - Объединение реального искусства; English: the Union of Real Art or the Association for Real Art) was a short-lived avant-garde collective of Russian Futurist writers, musicians, and artists in the 1920s and 1930s.
Objectivity is a central philosophical concept, objective means being independent of the perceptions thus objectivity means the property of being independent from the perceptions, which has been variously defined by sources.
In lexical semantics, opposites are words lying in an inherently incompatible binary relationship, like the opposite pairs big: small, long: short, and precede: follow.
Oxford University Press (OUP) is the largest university press in the world, and the second oldest after Cambridge University Press.
Peter Wessel Zapffe (December 18, 1899 – October 12, 1990) was a Norwegian metaphysician, author, lawyer and mountaineer.
Philosophy (from Greek φιλοσοφία, philosophia, literally "love of wisdom") is the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.
Søren Kierkegaard's philosophy has been a major influence in the development of 20th-century philosophy, especially existentialism and postmodernism.
Religion may be defined as a cultural system of designated behaviors and practices, world views, texts, sanctified places, prophecies, ethics, or organizations, that relates humanity to supernatural, transcendental, or spiritual elements.
Rowman & Littlefield Publishing Group is an independent publishing house founded in 1949.
Søren Aabye Kierkegaard (5 May 1813 – 11 November 1855) was a Danish philosopher, theologian, poet, social critic and religious author who is widely considered to be the first existentialist philosopher.
Traditionally, spirituality refers to a religious process of re-formation which "aims to recover the original shape of man," oriented at "the image of God" as exemplified by the founders and sacred texts of the religions of the world.
Suicide is the act of intentionally causing one's own death.
In social psychology, terror management theory (TMT) proposes a basic psychological conflict that results from having a self-preservation instinct, whilst realizing that death is inevitable and to some extent unpredictable.
The Myth of Sisyphus (Le Mythe de Sisyphe) is a 1942 philosophical essay by Albert Camus.
The Point of View For my Work as an Author (subtitle: A Direct Communication, Report to History) is an autobiographical account of the 19th century Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard's use of his pseudonyms.
The Rebel (L'Homme révolté) is a 1951 book-length essay by Albert Camus, which treats both the metaphysical and the historical development of rebellion and revolution in societies, especially Western Europe.
The Sickness Unto Death (Sygdommen til Døden) is a book written by Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard in 1849 under the pseudonym Anti-Climacus.
L’Étranger (The Outsider, or The Stranger) is a 1942 novel by French author Albert Camus.
The Theatre of the Absurd (théâtre de l'absurde) is a post–World War II designation for particular plays of absurdist fiction written by a number of primarily European playwrights in the late 1950s, as well as one for the style of theatre which has evolved from their work.
Thomas Nagel (born July 4, 1937) is an American philosopher and University Professor of Philosophy and Law Emeritus at New York University, where he taught from 1980 to 2016.
In philosophy, transcendence conveys the basic ground concept from the word's literal meaning (from Latin), of climbing or going beyond, albeit with varying connotations in its different historical and cultural stages.
The use–mention distinction is a foundational concept of analytic philosophy, according to which it is necessary to make a distinction between using a word (or phrase) and mentioning it,Devitt and Sterelny (1999) pp.
World War II (often abbreviated to WWII or WW2), also known as the Second World War, was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945, although conflicts reflecting the ideological clash between what would become the Allied and Axis blocs began earlier.