130 relations: Ableism, Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act, 2005, Accessible publishing, Accessible toilet, Accessible tourism, Adobe Dreamweaver, Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, Assistive listening device, Assistive technology, Audio induction loop, Audiobook, Augmentative and alternative communication, Autocomplete, Baby transport, Backus–Naur form, BBC, Blissymbols, Braille, Braille embosser, Bus, Bus rapid transit, Bus stop, Canada Labour Code, Canadian Human Rights Act, CEN/CENELEC Guide 6, Closed captioning, Color blindness, Color code, Communication disorder, Computer accessibility, Convenience, Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, Curb, Curb cut, Department for Transport, Design for All (in ICT), Disability, Disability Discrimination Act 1992, Disability in the United States, Disability rights movement, Disabled parking permit, E-text, Elevator, Employment equity (Canada), Equality Act 2010, Eurocities, European Commission, European Union, Federal government of the United States, Game accessibility, ..., Global Positioning System, Headphones, Headset (audio), Hearing aid, Hearing loss, HTML, Human factors and ergonomics, Human resources, Image scanner, Infinite Ability, Informal sector, JAWS (screen reader), Job Accommodation Network, Job analysis, Kassel kerb, Knowbility, Learning disability, Local transport plan, Low-floor bus, Medical Council of India, Mobility aid, Motability, National Federation of the Blind v. Target Corp., National Public Toilet Map, No Child Left Behind Act, Occupational therapist, Occupational therapy, Ontario, Paratransit, Pedestrian crossing, Perkins Brailler, Persons with reduced mobility, Physical disability, Principles of intelligent urbanism, Promotion of Equality and Prevention of Unfair Discrimination Act, 2000, Public address system, Public transport, Radio reading service, Rapid transit, Reasonable accommodation, Refreshable braille display, Screen magnifier, Screen reader, Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act, Section 508 Amendment to the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, Semantic HTML, Social exclusion, Speech recognition, Speech Recognition Grammar Specification, Speech synthesis, Speech Synthesis Markup Language, Speech-generating device, Tactile paving, Telecommunications device for the deaf, Teleprinter, Traffic light, Tram, Transgenerational design, Trolleybus, United Kingdom, United Nations, United States Access Board, Universal design, Universal design for instruction, University of Washington, Usability, Virtual keyboard, Visitability, Visual impairment, Walking audit, Walter Harris Callow, Web accessibility, Web Accessibility Initiative, Web Content Accessibility Guidelines, Wheelchair, Wheelchair accessible van, Wheelchair ramp, World Wide Web, World Wide Web Consortium, XML. Expand index (80 more) » « Shrink index
Ableism /ˈeɪblɪzəm/ (also known as ablism, disablism (Brit. English), anapirophobia, anapirism, and disability discrimination) is discrimination and social prejudice against people with disabilities.
The Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act, 2005 (AODA) is a statute enacted in 2005 by the government of Ontario, Canada for the purpose of improving accessibility standards for Ontarians with physical and mental disabilities to all public establishments by 2025.
Accessible publishing is an approach to publishing and book design whereby books and other texts are made available in alternative formats designed to aid or replace the reading process.
An accessible toilet is designed to accommodate people with physical or invisible disabilities (such as inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD).
Accessible tourism is the ongoing endeavour to ensure tourist destinations, products and services are accessible to all people, regardless of their physical limitations, disabilities or age.
Adobe Dreamweaver is a proprietary web development tool from Adobe Systems.
The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 is a civil rights law that prohibits discrimination based on disability.
An Assistive listening device (ALD) is used to improve hearing ability for people in a variety of situations where they are unable to distinguish speech in noise.
Assistive technology is an umbrella term that includes assistive, adaptive, and rehabilitative devices for people with disabilities while also including the process used in selecting, locating, and using them.
Audio induction loop systems, also called audio-frequency induction loops (AFILs) or hearing loops, are an assistive listening technology for individuals with reduced ranges of hearing.
An audiobook (or talking book) is a recording of a text being read.
Augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) is an umbrella term that encompasses the communication methods used to supplement or replace speech or writing for those with impairments in the production or comprehension of spoken or written language.
Autocomplete, or word completion, is a feature in which an application predicts the rest of a word a user is typing.
Various methods of transporting children have been used in different cultures and times.
In computer science, Backus–Naur form or Backus normal form (BNF) is a notation technique for context-free grammars, often used to describe the syntax of languages used in computing, such as computer programming languages, document formats, instruction sets and communication protocols.
The British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is a British public service broadcaster.
Blissymbols or Blissymbolics was conceived as an ideographic writing system called Semantography consisting of several hundred basic symbols, each representing a concept, which can be composed together to generate new symbols that represent new concepts.
Braille is a tactile writing system used by people who are visually impaired.
A braille embosser is an impact printer that renders text as tactile braille cells.
A bus (archaically also omnibus, multibus, motorbus, autobus) is a road vehicle designed to carry many passengers.
Bus rapid transit (BRT, BRTS, busway, transitway) is a bus-based public transport system designed to improve capacity and reliability relative to a conventional bus system.
A bus stop is a designated place where buses stop for passengers to board or alight from a bus.
The Canada Labour Code (Code canadien du travail) is an Act of Parliament of the Canadian government to consolidate certain statutes respecting labour.
The Canadian Human Rights Act is a statute passed by the Parliament of Canada in 1977 with the express goal of extending the law to ensure equal opportunity to individuals who may be victims of discriminatory practices based on a set of prohibited grounds such as sex, sexual orientation, race, marital status, gender identity or expression, creed, age, colour, disability, political or religious belief.
CEN/CENELEC Guide 6: Guidelines for standards developers to address the needs of older persons and persons with disabilities is a document for participants in standardisation activities at CEN and CENELEC that contains guidance for the creation and the revision of standards to ensure greater accessibility of products and services.
Closed captioning (CC) and subtitling are both processes of displaying text on a television, video screen, or other visual display to provide additional or interpretive information.
Color blindness, also known as color vision deficiency, is the decreased ability to see color or differences in color.
A color code or colour code is a system for displaying information by using different colors.
A communication disorder is any disorder that affects an individual's ability to comprehend, detect, or apply language and speech to engage in discourse effectively with others.
In human–computer interaction, computer accessibility (also known as accessible computing) refers to the accessibility of a computer system to all people, regardless of disability type or severity of impairment.
Convenient procedures, products and services are those intended to increase ease in accessibility, save resources (such as time, effort and energy) and decrease frustration.
The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities is an international human rights treaty of the United Nations intended to protect the rights and dignity of persons with disabilities.
A curb (American English), or kerb (Australian English, British English; see spelling differences), is the edge where a raised sidewalk (pavement in British English; pavement or footpath in Australian English) or road median/central reservation meets a street or other roadway.
A curb cut (U.S.), curb ramp, dropped kerb (UK), pram ramp, or kerb ramp (Australia) is a solid (usually concrete) ramp graded down from the top surface of a sidewalk to the surface of an adjoining street.
The Department for Transport (DfT) is the government department responsible for the English transport network and a limited number of transport matters in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland that have not been devolved.
Design for All in the context of information and communications technology (ICT) is the conscious and systematic effort to proactively apply principles, methods and tools to promote universal design in computer-related technologies, including Internet-based technologies, thus avoiding the need for a posteriori adaptations, or specialised design (Stephanidis et al., 2001).
A disability is an impairment that may be cognitive, developmental, intellectual, mental, physical, sensory, or some combination of these.
The Disability Discrimination Act is an act passed by the Parliament of Australia in which prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities in employment, education, publicly-available premises, provision of goods and services, accommodation, clubs and associations, and other contexts.
Americans with disabilities are one of the largest minority groups in the United States.
The disability rights movement is a global social movement to secure equal opportunities and equal rights for all people with disabilities.
A disabled parking permit, also known as a disabled badge, disabled placard, handicapped permit, handicapped placard, handicapped tag, and "Blue Badge" in the European Union, is displayed upon parking a vehicle permitting the operator of a vehicle to special privileges regarding the parking of that vehicle.
IN some communities, "e-text" is used much more narrowly, to refer to electronic documents that are, so plain text file, but that it has no information beyond "the text itself"—no repboldparagraph, page, chapter, or footnote boundaries, etc.
An elevator (US and Canada) or lift (UK, Australia, Ireland, New Zealand, and South Africa, Nigeria) is a type of vertical transportation that moves people or goods between floors (levels, decks) of a building, vessel, or other structure.
Employment equity, as defined in federal Canadian law by the Employment Equity Act, requires federal jurisdiction employers to engage in proactive employment practices to increase the representation of four designated groups: women, people with disabilities, Aboriginal peoples, and visible minorities.
The Equality Act 2010 is an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom, and has the same goals as the four major EU Equal Treatment Directives, whose provisions it mirrors and implements.
EUROCITIES is the network of major European cities, founded in 1986 by the mayors of Barcelona, Birmingham, Frankfurt, Lyon, Milan, and Rotterdam.
The European Commission (EC) is an institution of the European Union, responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the EU treaties and managing the day-to-day business of the EU.
The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of EUnum member states that are located primarily in Europe.
The federal government of the United States (U.S. federal government) is the national government of the United States, a constitutional republic in North America, composed of 50 states, one district, Washington, D.C. (the nation's capital), and several territories.
Within the field of human–computer interaction, game accessibility refers to the accessibility of video games.
The Global Positioning System (GPS), originally Navstar GPS, is a satellite-based radionavigation system owned by the United States government and operated by the United States Air Force.
Headphones (or head-phones in the early days of telephony and radio) are a pair of small loudspeaker drivers worn on or around the head over a user's ears.
A headset combines a headphone with a microphone.
A hearing aid is a device designed to improve hearing by making sound audible to a person with hearing loss.
Hearing loss, also known as hearing impairment, is a partial or total inability to hear.
Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is the standard markup language for creating web pages and web applications.
Human factors and ergonomics (commonly referred to as Human Factors), is the application of psychological and physiological principles to the (engineering and) design of products, processes, and systems.
Human resources are the people who make up the workforce of an organization, business sector, or economy.
An image scanner—often abbreviated to just scanner, although the term is ambiguous out of context (barcode scanner, CT scanner etc.)—is a device that optically scans images, printed text, handwriting or an object and converts it to a digital image.
Infinite Ability is a special interest group on disability within the Medical Humanities Group of the University College of Medical Sciences (University of Delhi).
The informal sector, informal economy, or grey economy is the part of an economy that is neither taxed nor monitored by any form of government.
JAWS ("Job Access With Speech") is a computer screen reader program for Microsoft Windows that allows blind and visually impaired users to read the screen either with a text-to-speech output or by a refreshable Braille display.
The Job Accommodation Network (JAN) is a service provided by the United States Department of Labor's Office of Disability Employment Policy (ODEP).
Job analysis (also known as work analysis) is a family of procedures to identify the content of a job in terms of activities involved and attributes or job requirements needed to perform the activities.
A bus stop kerb is a special kerb (curb in US English) designed for low-floor buses that serve an elevated bus stop platform.
Knowbility is an American non-governmental organization based in Austin, Texas, working to support the independence and empowerment of people with disabilities by promoting the use and improving the availability of accessible information technology.
Learning disability is a classification that includes several areas of functioning in which a person has difficulty learning in a typical manner, usually caused by an unknown factor or factors.
Local transport plans, divided into full local transport plans (LTP) and local implementation plans for transport (LIP) are an important part of transport planning in England.
A low-floor bus is a bus or trolleybus that has no steps between the ground and the floor of the bus at one or more entrances, and low floor for part or all of the passenger cabin.
The Medical Council of India (MCI) is a statutory body for establishing uniform and high standards of medical education in India.
A mobility aid is a device designed to assist walking or otherwise improve the mobility of people with a mobility impairment.
Motability is a charity in the United Kingdom.
National Federation of the Blind v. Target Corporation, 452 F. Supp. 2d 946 (N.D. Cal. 2006), was a class action lawsuit in the United States that was filed on February 7, 2006 in the Superior Court of California for the County of Alameda, and subsequently moved to federal court.
The National Public Toilet Map is part of the Australian government's National Continence Management Strategy (NCMS).
The No Child Left Behind Act of 2001(NCLB) was a U.S. Act of Congress that reauthorized the Elementary and Secondary Education Act; it included Title I provisions applying to disadvantaged students.
An occupational therapist works with a client to help them achieve a fulfilled and satisfied state in life through the use of "purposeful activity or interventions designed to achieve occupational outcomes which promote health, prevent injury or disability to develop, improve, sustain or restore the highest possible level of independence." A practical definition for OT can also be illustrated with the use of models such as the Occupational Performance Model (Australia), known as the OPM(A).
Occupational therapy (OT) is the use of assessment and intervention to develop, recover, or maintain the meaningful activities, or occupations, of individuals, groups, or communities.
Ontario is one of the 13 provinces and territories of Canada and is located in east-central Canada.
Paratransit is recognized in North America as special transportation services for people with disabilities, often provided as a supplement to fixed-route bus and rail systems by public transit agencies.
A pedestrian crossing (British English) or crosswalk (American English) is a place designated for pedestrians to cross a road.
The Perkins Brailler is a "braille typewriter" with a key corresponding to each of the six dots of the braille code, a space key, a backspace key, and a line space key.
Persons who are disadvantaged with reduced mobility (PRM) requesting to travel by way of public transport via air, land, sea or space as potential passengers, should have equal opportunities to travel as ordinary citizens.
A physical disability is a limitation on a person's physical functioning, mobility, dexterity or stamina.
Principles of intelligent urbanism (PIU) is a theory of urban planning composed of a set of ten axioms intended to guide the formulation of city plans and urban designs.
The Promotion of Equality and Prevention of Unfair Discrimination Act, 2000 (PEPUDA or the Equality Act, Act No. 4 of 2000) is a comprehensive South African anti-discrimination law.
A public address system (PA system) is an electronic system comprising microphones, amplifiers, loudspeakers, and related equipment.
Public transport (also known as public transportation, public transit, or mass transit) is transport of passengers by group travel systems available for use by the general public, typically managed on a schedule, operated on established routes, and that charge a posted fee for each trip.
A radio reading service or reading service for the blind is a service of many universities, community groups and public radio stations, where a narrator reads books, newspapers and magazines aloud for the benefit of the blind and vision-impaired.
Rapid transit or mass rapid transit, also known as heavy rail, metro, MRT, subway, tube, U-Bahn or underground, is a type of high-capacity public transport generally found in urban areas.
A reasonable accommodation is an adjustment made in a system to accommodate or make fair the same system for an individual based on a proven need.
A refreshable braille display or braille terminal is an electro-mechanical device for displaying braille characters, usually by means of round-tipped pins raised through holes in a flat surface.
A screen magnifier is software that interfaces with a computer's graphical output to present enlarged screen content.
A screen reader is a form of assistive technology (AT) which is essential to people who are blind, as well as useful to people who are visually impaired, illiterate, or have a learning disability.
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, Pub.
In 1998 the US Congress amended the Rehabilitation Act to require Federal agencies to make their electronic and information technology accessible to people with disabilities.
Semantic HTML is the use of HTML markup to reinforce the semantics, or meaning, of the information in webpages and web applications rather than merely to define its presentation or look.
Social exclusion, or social marginalization, is the social disadvantage and relegation to the fringe of society.
Speech recognition is the inter-disciplinary sub-field of computational linguistics that develops methodologies and technologies that enables the recognition and translation of spoken language into text by computers.
Speech Recognition Grammar Specification (SRGS) is a W3C standard for how speech recognition grammars are specified.
Speech synthesis is the artificial production of human speech.
Speech Synthesis Markup Language (SSML) is an XML-based markup language for speech synthesis applications.
Speech-generating devices (SGDs), also known as voice output communication aids, are electronic augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) systems used to supplement or replace speech or writing for individuals with severe speech impairments, enabling them to verbally communicate.
Tactile paving (also called truncated domes, detectable warnings, Tactile Ground Surface Indicators, Tactile Walking Surface Indicators, detectable warning surfaces) is a system of textured ground surface indicator found on footpaths, stairs and train station platforms to assist pedestrians who are visually impaired.
A telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD) is a teleprinter, an electronic device for text communication over a telephone line, that is designed for use by persons with hearing or speech difficulties.
A teleprinter (teletypewriter, Teletype or TTY) is an electromechanical typewriter that can be used to send and receive typed messages through various communications channels, in both point-to-point and point-to-multipoint configurations.
Traffic lights, also known as traffic signals, traffic lamps, traffic semaphore, signal lights, stop lights, robots (in South Africa and most of Africa), and traffic control signals (in technical parlance), are signalling devices positioned at road intersections, pedestrian crossings, and other locations to control flows of traffic.
A tram (also tramcar; and in North America streetcar, trolley or trolley car) is a rail vehicle which runs on tramway tracks along public urban streets, and also sometimes on a segregated right of way.
Transgenerational design is the practice of making products and environments compatible with those physical and sensory impairments associated with human aging and which limit major activities of daily living.
A trolleybus (also known as trolley bus, trolley coach, trackless trolley, trackless tram Joyce, J.; King, J. S.; and Newman, A. G. (1986). British Trolleybus Systems, pp. 9, 12. London: Ian Allan Publishing.. or trolleyDunbar, Charles S. (1967). Buses, Trolleys & Trams. Paul Hamlyn Ltd. (UK). Republished 2004 with or 9780753709702.) is an electric bus that draws power from overhead wires (generally suspended from roadside posts) using spring-loaded trolley poles.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain,Usage is mixed with some organisations, including the and preferring to use Britain as shorthand for Great Britain is a sovereign country in western Europe.
The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked to promote international cooperation and to create and maintain international order.
The United States Access Board (also known as the Architectural and Transportation Barriers Compliance Board) is an independent agency of the United States government devoted to accessibility for people with disabilities.
Universal design (close relation to inclusive design) refers to broad-spectrum ideas meant to produce buildings, products and environments that are inherently accessible to older people, people without disabilities, and people with disabilities.
Universal instructional design (UID) or universal design for instruction (UDI) is an educational framework for applying universal design principles to learning environments with a goal toward greater accessibility for all students, including students with disabilities.
The University of Washington (commonly referred to as UW, simply Washington, or informally U-Dub) is a public research university in Seattle, Washington.
Usability is the ease of use and learnability of a human-made object such as a tool or device.
A virtual keyboard is a software component that allows the input of characters without the need for physical keys.
Visitability is the design approach for new homes whose main principle is that a non-resident with a mobility impairment who uses a wheelchair or other mobility device should be able to visit the home.
Visual impairment, also known as vision impairment or vision loss, is a decreased ability to see to a degree that causes problems not fixable by usual means, such as glasses.
A walking audit is an assessment of the walkability or pedestrian access of an external environment.
Walter Harris Callow (1896–1958) was a Canadian veteran who invented the accessibility bus for veterans returning from WW2 and others in wheelchairs (1947).
Web accessibility refers to the inclusive practice of removing barriers that prevent interaction with, or access to websites, by people with disabilities.
The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)'s Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) is an effort to improve the accessibility of the World Wide Web (WWW or Web) for people with disabilities.
The Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) are part of a series of web accessibility guidelines published by the Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), the main international standards organization for the Internet.
A wheelchair, often abbreviated to just "chair", is a chair with wheels, used when walking is difficult or impossible due to illness, injury, or disability.
A wheelchair-accessible van is a vehicle in a range of them that have been modified to increase the interior size of the vehicle and to equip it with a means of wheelchair entry such as a wheelchair ramp or powered lift, to allow access.
A wheelchair ramp is an inclined plane installed in addition to or instead of stairs.
The World Wide Web (abbreviated WWW or the Web) is an information space where documents and other web resources are identified by Uniform Resource Locators (URLs), interlinked by hypertext links, and accessible via the Internet.
The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is the main international standards organization for the World Wide Web (abbreviated WWW or W3).
In computing, Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a markup language that defines a set of rules for encoding documents in a format that is both human-readable and machine-readable.
Accesability, Accessability, Accessible, Accessible design, Architectural accessibility, Disabled access, Easy Access, Easy access, Handicap-accessible, Handicapped accessible, Handicapped-accessible, Low Floor, Low floor, Low floored, Low-floor, Physical disability access, Physical-disability access, Wheelchair accessibility, Wheelchair accessible, Wheelchair-accessible.