46 relations: Acetic acid, Acid, Acid dissociation constant, Alkaloid, Aluminium oxide, Ammonia, Base (chemistry), Benzoic acid, Caffeine, Carboxylic acid, Chemical synthesis, Chromatography, Citric acid, Dichloromethane, Diethyl ether, Extract, Extraction (chemistry), Fatty acid, Functional group, Glycine, Hydrochloric acid, Ion chromatography, Ionic compound, Liquid–liquid extraction, Mescaline, Methylamine, Mineral acid, Multiphasic liquid, N,N-Dimethyltryptamine, Natural product, Phenol, Phosphoric acid, Potassium carbonate, Salt (chemistry), Separatory funnel, Silica gel, Sodium bicarbonate, Sodium hydroxide, Sorbic acid, Sulfuric acid, Triethanolamine, Triphenylamine, Work-up (chemistry), Zwitterion, 2-Naphthol, 4-Nitroaniline.
Acetic acid, systematically named ethanoic acid, is a colourless liquid organic compound with the chemical formula CH3COOH (also written as CH3CO2H or C2H4O2).
An acid is a molecule or ion capable of donating a hydron (proton or hydrogen ion H+), or, alternatively, capable of forming a covalent bond with an electron pair (a Lewis acid).
An acid dissociation constant, Ka, (also known as acidity constant, or acid-ionization constant) is a quantitative measure of the strength of an acid in solution.
Alkaloids are a class of naturally occurring chemical compounds that mostly contain basic nitrogen atoms.
Aluminium oxide (British English) or aluminum oxide (American English) is a chemical compound of aluminium and oxygen with the chemical formula 23.
Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3.
In chemistry, bases are substances that, in aqueous solution, release hydroxide (OH−) ions, are slippery to the touch, can taste bitter if an alkali, change the color of indicators (e.g., turn red litmus paper blue), react with acids to form salts, promote certain chemical reactions (base catalysis), accept protons from any proton donor, and/or contain completely or partially displaceable OH− ions.
Benzoic acid, C7H6O2 (or C6H5COOH), is a colorless crystalline solid and a simple aromatic carboxylic acid.
Caffeine is a central nervous system (CNS) stimulant of the methylxanthine class.
A carboxylic acid is an organic compound that contains a carboxyl group (C(.
Chemical synthesis is a purposeful execution of chemical reactions to obtain a product, or several products.
Chromatography is a laboratory technique for the separation of a mixture.
Citric acid is a weak organic acid that has the chemical formula.
Methylene dichloride (DCM, or methylene chloride, or dichloromethane) is a geminal organic compound with the formula CH2Cl2.
Diethyl ether, or simply ether, is an organic compound in the ether class with the formula, sometimes abbreviated as (see Pseudoelement symbols).
An extract is a substance made by extracting a part of a raw material, often by using a solvent such as ethanol or water.
Extraction in chemistry is a separation process consisting in the separation of a substance from a matrix.
In chemistry, particularly in biochemistry, a fatty acid is a carboxylic acid with a long aliphatic chain, which is either saturated or unsaturated.
In organic chemistry, functional groups are specific substituents or moieties within molecules that are responsible for the characteristic chemical reactions of those molecules.
Glycine (symbol Gly or G) is the amino acid that has a single hydrogen atom as its side chain.
Hydrochloric acid is a colorless inorganic chemical system with the formula.
Ion chromatography (or ion-exchange chromatography) is a chromatography process that separates ions and polar molecules based on their affinity to the ion exchanger.
In chemistry, an ionic compound is a chemical compound composed of ions held together by electrostatic forces termed ionic bonding.
Liquid–liquid extraction (LLE), also known as solvent extraction and partitioning, is a method to separate compounds or metal complexes, based on their relative solubilities in two different immiscible liquids, usually water (polar) and an organic solvent (non-polar).
Mescaline (3,4,5-trimethoxyphenethylamine) is a naturally occurring psychedelic alkaloid of the phenethylamine class, known for its hallucinogenic effects comparable to those of LSD and psilocybin.
Methylamine is an organic compound with a formula of CH3NH2.
A mineral acid (or inorganic acid) is an acid derived from one or more inorganic compounds.
A multiphasic liquid is a mixture consisting of more than two immiscible liquid phases.
N,N-Dimethyltryptamine (DMT or N,N-DMT) is a tryptamine molecule which occurs in many plants and animals.
A natural product is a chemical compound or substance produced by a living organism—that is, found in nature.
Phenol, also known as phenolic acid, is an aromatic organic compound with the molecular formula C6H5OH.
Phosphoric acid (also known as orthophosphoric acid or phosphoric(V) acid) is a mineral (inorganic) and weak acid having the chemical formula H3PO4.
Potassium carbonate (K2CO3) is a white salt, which is soluble in water (insoluble in ethanol) and forms a strongly alkaline solution.
In chemistry, a salt is an ionic compound that can be formed by the neutralization reaction of an acid and a base.
A separatory funnel, also known as separation funnel, separating funnel, or colloquially sep funnel, is a piece of laboratory glassware used in liquid-liquid extractions to separate (partition) the components of a mixture into two immiscible solvent phases of different densities.
Silica gel is an amorphous and porous form of silicon dioxide (silica), consisting of an irregular tridimensional framework of alternating silicon and oxygen atoms with nanometer-scale voids and pores.
Sodium bicarbonate (IUPAC name: sodium hydrogen carbonate), commonly known as baking soda, is a chemical compound with the formula NaHCO3.
Sodium hydroxide, also known as lye, is an inorganic compound with the formula NaOH. It is a white solid ionic compound consisting of sodium cations and hydroxide anions. Sodium hydroxide is a highly caustic base and alkali that decomposes proteins at ordinary ambient temperatures and may cause severe chemical burns. It is highly soluble in water, and readily absorbs moisture and carbon dioxide from the air. It forms a series of hydrates NaOH·n. The monohydrate NaOH· crystallizes from water solutions between 12.3 and 61.8 °C. The commercially available "sodium hydroxide" is often this monohydrate, and published data may refer to it instead of the anhydrous compound. As one of the simplest hydroxides, it is frequently utilized alongside neutral water and acidic hydrochloric acid to demonstrate the pH scale to chemistry students. Sodium hydroxide is used in many industries: in the manufacture of pulp and paper, textiles, drinking water, soaps and detergents, and as a drain cleaner. Worldwide production in 2004 was approximately 60 million tonnes, while demand was 51 million tonnes.
Sorbic acid, or 2,4-hexadienoic acid, is a natural organic compound used as a food preservative.
Sulfuric acid (alternative spelling sulphuric acid) is a mineral acid with molecular formula H2SO4.
Triethanolamine aka Trolamine (abbr. as TEOA to distinguish it from TEA which is for triethylamine) is a viscous organic compound that is both a tertiary amine and a triol.
Triphenylamine is an organic compound with formula (C6H5)3N.
In chemistry, work-up refers to the series of manipulations required to isolate and purify the product(s) of a chemical reaction.
In chemistry, a zwitterion, formerly called a dipolar ion, is a molecule with two or more functional groups, of which at least one has a positive and one has a negative electrical charge and the net charge of the entire molecule is zero.
2-Naphthol, or β-naphthol, is a fluorescent colorless (or occasionally yellow) crystalline solid with the formula C10H7OH.
4-Nitroaniline, p-nitroaniline or 1-amino-4-nitrobenzene is an organic compound with the formula C6H6N2O2.