57 relations: Amorphous silicon, Angle–sensitive pixel, Aptina, Back-illuminated sensor, Bell Labs, Camera phone, Canon Inc., Charge-coupled device, Closed-circuit television, CMOS, Common drain, Computer mouse, Correlated double sampling, Cryogenics, Digital single-lens reflex camera, Eric Fossum, Extrinsic semiconductor, Foveon, Foveon X3 sensor, Image noise, Image sensor, Indium gallium arsenide, Infrared, Integrated circuit, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Johnson–Nyquist noise, Mercury cadmium telluride, Micron Technology, Microprocessor, MOSFET, NASA, Olympus Corporation, OmniVision Technologies, Optical format, Optical mouse, Oversampled binary image sensor, Phase One (company), Photodetector, Photodiode, Pixel, Planar Fourier capture array, Planar process, Radiography, Richard B. Merrill, Rolling shutter, Samsung, Scalability, Selenium, Sony, STMicroelectronics, ..., Thin-film transistor, Three-CCD camera, Threshold voltage, Toshiba, Video camera tube, Webcam, X-ray. Expand index (7 more) » « Shrink index
Amorphous silicon (a-Si) is the non-crystalline form of silicon used for solar cells and thin-film transistors in LCDs.
An angle-sensitive pixel (ASP) is a light sensor made entirely in CMOS with a sensitivity to incoming light that is sinusoidal in incident angle.
Aptina Imaging Corporation was a company that sold CMOS imaging products.
A back-illuminated sensor, also known as backside illumination (BSI or BI) sensor, is a type of digital image sensor that uses a novel arrangement of the imaging elements to increase the amount of light captured and thereby improve low-light performance.
Nokia Bell Labs (formerly named AT&T Bell Laboratories, Bell Telephone Laboratories and Bell Labs) is an American research and scientific development company, owned by Finnish company Nokia.
A camera phone is a mobile phone which is able to capture photographs and often record video using one or more built-in digital cameras.
is a Japanese multinational corporation specializing in the manufacture of imaging and optical products, including cameras, camcorders, photocopiers, steppers, computer printers and medical equipment. It's headquartered in Ōta, Tokyo, Japan."." Canon. Retrieved on 13 January 2009. Canon has a primary listing on the Tokyo Stock Exchange and is a constituent of the TOPIX index. It has a secondary listing on the New York Stock Exchange.
A charge-coupled device (CCD) is a device for the movement of electrical charge, usually from within the device to an area where the charge can be manipulated, for example conversion into a digital value.
Closed-circuit television (CCTV), also known as video surveillance, is the use of video cameras to transmit a signal to a specific place, on a limited set of monitors.
Complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor, abbreviated as CMOS, is a technology for constructing integrated circuits.
In electronics, a common-drain amplifier, also known as a source follower, is one of three basic single-stage field effect transistor (FET) amplifier topologies, typically used as a voltage buffer.
A computer mouse is a hand-held pointing device that detects two-dimensional motion relative to a surface.
Correlated double sampling (CDS) is a method to measure electrical values such as voltages or currents that allows removing an undesired offset.
In physics, cryogenics is the production and behaviour of materials at very low temperatures.
A digital single-lens reflex camera (also called digital SLR or DSLR) is a digital camera that combines the optics and the mechanisms of a single-lens reflex camera with a digital imaging sensor, as opposed to photographic film.
Eric R. Fossum (born October 17, 1957) is an American physicist and engineer known for developing the CMOS image sensor.
An extrinsic semiconductor is one that has been doped, that is, into which a doping agent has been introduced, giving it different electrical properties than the intrinsic (pure) semiconductor.
Foveon, Inc., is an American company that manufactures and distributes image sensor technology.
The Foveon X3 sensor is an image sensor for digital cameras, designed by Foveon, Inc. (now part of Sigma Corporation) and manufactured by Dongbu Electronics.
Image noise is random variation of brightness or color information in images, and is usually an aspect of electronic noise.
An image sensor or imaging sensor is a sensor that detects and conveys the information that constitutes an image.
Indium gallium arsenide (InGaAs) (alternatively gallium indium arsenide, GaInAs) is a ternary alloy (chemical compound) of indium arsenide (InAs) and gallium arsenide (GaAs).
Infrared radiation (IR) is electromagnetic radiation (EMR) with longer wavelengths than those of visible light, and is therefore generally invisible to the human eye (although IR at wavelengths up to 1050 nm from specially pulsed lasers can be seen by humans under certain conditions). It is sometimes called infrared light.
An integrated circuit or monolithic integrated circuit (also referred to as an IC, a chip, or a microchip) is a set of electronic circuits on one small flat piece (or "chip") of semiconductor material, normally silicon.
The Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) is a federally funded research and development center and NASA field center in Pasadena, California, United States, with large portions of the campus in La Cañada Flintridge, California.
Johnson–Nyquist noise (thermal noise, Johnson noise, or Nyquist noise) is the electronic noise generated by the thermal agitation of the charge carriers (usually the electrons) inside an electrical conductor at equilibrium, which happens regardless of any applied voltage.
HgCdTe or mercury cadmium telluride (also cadmium mercury telluride, MCT, MerCad Telluride, MerCadTel, MerCaT or CMT) is an alloy of cadmium telluride (CdTe) and mercury telluride (HgTe) with a tunable bandgap spanning the shortwave infrared to the very long wave infrared regions.
Micron Technology, Inc. is an American global corporation based in Boise, Idaho.
A microprocessor is a computer processor that incorporates the functions of a central processing unit on a single integrated circuit (IC), or at most a few integrated circuits.
MOSFET showing gate (G), body (B), source (S) and drain (D) terminals. The gate is separated from the body by an insulating layer (white). surface-mount packages. Operating as switches, each of these components can sustain a blocking voltage of 120nbspvolts in the ''off'' state, and can conduct a continuous current of 30 amperes in the ''on'' state, dissipating up to about 100 watts and controlling a load of over 2000 watts. A matchstick is pictured for scale. A cross-section through an nMOSFET when the gate voltage ''V''GS is below the threshold for making a conductive channel; there is little or no conduction between the terminals drain and source; the switch is off. When the gate is more positive, it attracts electrons, inducing an ''n''-type conductive channel in the substrate below the oxide, which allows electrons to flow between the ''n''-doped terminals; the switch is on. Simulation result for formation of inversion channel (electron density) and attainment of threshold voltage (IV) in a nanowire MOSFET. Note that the threshold voltage for this device lies around 0.45 V The metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET, MOS-FET, or MOS FET) is a type of field-effect transistor (FET), most commonly fabricated by the controlled oxidation of silicon.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
is a Japanese manufacturer of optics and reprography products.
OmniVision Technologies Inc. is a corporation that designs and develops advanced digital imaging technologies and products for use in mobile phones, notebooks, netbooks and webcams, security and surveillance cameras, entertainment, digital still and video cameras, automotive and medical imaging systems.
Optical format is a hypothetical measurement approximately 50% larger than the true diagonal size of a solid-state photo sensor.
An optical mouse is a computer mouse which uses a light source, typically a light-emitting diode (LED), and a light detector, such as an array of photodiodes, to detect movement relative to a surface.
An oversampled binary image sensor is an image sensor with non-linear response capabilities reminiscent of traditional photographic film.
Phase One is a Danish company specializing in high-end digital photography equipment and software.
Photosensors or photodetectors are sensors of light or other electromagnetic energy.
A photodiode is a semiconductor device that converts light into an electrical current.
In digital imaging, a pixel, pel, dots, or picture element is a physical point in a raster image, or the smallest addressable element in an all points addressable display device; so it is the smallest controllable element of a picture represented on the screen.
A planar Fourier capture array (PFCA) is a tiny camera that requires no mirror, lens, focal length, or moving parts.
The planar process is a manufacturing process used in the semiconductor industry to build individual components of a transistor, and in turn, connect those transistors together.
Radiography is an imaging technique using X-rays to view the internal form of an object.
Richard Billings Merrill (1949–2008), aka Dick Merrill, was an American inventor, engineer, and photographer.
Rolling shutter is a method of image capture in which a still picture (in a still camera) or each frame of a video (in a video camera) is captured not by taking a snapshot of the entire scene at a single instant in time but rather by scanning across the scene rapidly, either vertically or horizontally.
Samsung is a South Korean multinational conglomerate headquartered in Samsung Town, Seoul.
Scalability is the capability of a system, network, or process to handle a growing amount of work, or its potential to be enlarged to accommodate that growth.
Selenium is a chemical element with symbol Se and atomic number 34.
is a Japanese multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Kōnan, Minato, Tokyo.
STMicroelectronics is a French-Italian multinational electronics and semiconductor manufacturer headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland.
A thin-film transistor (TFT) is a special kind of field-effect transistor made by depositing thin films of an active semiconductor layer as well as the dielectric layer and metallic contacts over a supporting (but non-conducting) substrate.
A three-CCD (3CCD) camera is a camera whose imaging system uses three separate charge-coupled devices (CCDs), each one receiving filtered red, green, or blue color ranges.
The threshold voltage, commonly abbreviated as Vth, of a field-effect transistor (FET) is the minimum gate-to-source voltage VGS (th) that is needed to create a conducting path between the source and drain terminals.
, commonly known as Toshiba, is a Japanese multinational conglomerate headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.
The video camera tube was a type of cathode ray tube used to capture the television image prior to the introduction of charge-coupled devices (CCDs) in the 1980s.
A webcam is a video camera that feeds or streams its image in real time to or through a computer to a computer network.
X-rays make up X-radiation, a form of electromagnetic radiation.