59 relations: Abiogenesis, Adenosine, Adenosine triphosphate, Albrecht Kossel, Ammonia, Aspartic acid, B vitamins, Biochemistry, Cellular respiration, Chemical energy, Chemical reaction, Cofactor (biochemistry), Covalent bond, Deoxyadenosine, Deoxyribose, DNA, Earth, Ethanol, Flavin adenine dinucleotide, Gland, Glutamine, Glycine, Greek language, Guanine, Hermann Emil Fischer, Heterocyclic compound, Hydrogen bond, Hydrogen cyanide, Inosinic acid, Joan Oró, Meteorite, NASA, National Institutes of Health, Niacin, Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, Nucleic acid, Nucleobase, Nucleoside, Nucleoside triphosphate, Nucleotide, Organic compound, Outer space, Phosphate, Polymerization, Protein biosynthesis, Purine, Purine metabolism, Riboflavin, Ribose, Ribose 5-phosphate, ..., RNA, Science Daily, Spectroscopy, Tautomer, Tetrahydrofolic acid, Thymine, Ultraviolet, Uracil, Vitamin. Expand index (9 more) » « Shrink index
Abiogenesis, or informally the origin of life,Compare: Also occasionally called biopoiesis.
Adenosine is both a chemical found in many living systems and a medication.
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is a complex organic chemical that participates in many processes.
Ludwig Karl Martin Leonhard Albrecht Kossel (16 September 1853 – 5 July 1927) was a German biochemist and pioneer in the study of genetics.
Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen with the formula NH3.
Aspartic acid (symbol Asp or D; salts known as aspartates), is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
B vitamins are a class of water-soluble vitamins that play important roles in cell metabolism.
Biochemistry, sometimes called biological chemistry, is the study of chemical processes within and relating to living organisms.
Cellular respiration is a set of metabolic reactions and processes that take place in the cells of organisms to convert biochemical energy from nutrients into adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and then release waste products.
In chemistry, chemical energy is the potential of a chemical substance to undergo a transformation through a chemical reaction to transform other chemical substances.
A chemical reaction is a process that leads to the transformation of one set of chemical substances to another.
A cofactor is a non-protein chemical compound or metallic ion that is required for an enzyme's activity.
A covalent bond, also called a molecular bond, is a chemical bond that involves the sharing of electron pairs between atoms.
Deoxyadenosine (symbol dA or dAdo) is a deoxyribonucleoside.
Deoxyribose, or more precisely 2-deoxyribose, is a monosaccharide with idealized formula H−(C.
Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a thread-like chain of nucleotides carrying the genetic instructions used in the growth, development, functioning and reproduction of all known living organisms and many viruses.
Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to harbor life.
Ethanol, also called alcohol, ethyl alcohol, grain alcohol, and drinking alcohol, is a chemical compound, a simple alcohol with the chemical formula.
In biochemistry, flavin adenine dinucleotide (FAD) is a redox cofactor, more specifically a prosthetic group of a protein, involved in several important enzymatic reactions in metabolism.
A gland is a group of cells in an animal's body that synthesizes substances (such as hormones) for release into the bloodstream (endocrine gland) or into cavities inside the body or its outer surface (exocrine gland).
Glutamine (symbol Gln or Q) is an α-amino acid that is used in the biosynthesis of proteins.
Glycine (symbol Gly or G) is the amino acid that has a single hydrogen atom as its side chain.
Greek (Modern Greek: ελληνικά, elliniká, "Greek", ελληνική γλώσσα, ellinikí glóssa, "Greek language") is an independent branch of the Indo-European family of languages, native to Greece and other parts of the Eastern Mediterranean and the Black Sea.
Guanine (or G, Gua) is one of the four main nucleobases found in the nucleic acids DNA and RNA, the others being adenine, cytosine, and thymine (uracil in RNA).
Hermann Emil Louis Fischer FRS FRSE FCS (9 October 1852 – 15 July 1919) was a German chemist and 1902 recipient of the Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
A heterocyclic compound or ring structure is a cyclic compound that has atoms of at least two different elements as members of its ring(s).
A hydrogen bond is a partially electrostatic attraction between a hydrogen (H) which is bound to a more electronegative atom such as nitrogen (N), oxygen (O), or fluorine (F), and another adjacent atom bearing a lone pair of electrons.
Hydrogen cyanide (HCN), sometimes called prussic acid, is a chemical compound with the chemical formula HCN.
Inosinic acid or inosine monophosphate (IMP) is a nucleoside monophosphate.
s Joan Oró i Florensa (October 26, 1923 in Lleida, Spain – September 2, 2004 in Barcelona, Spain) was a Spanish biochemist, whose research has been of importance in understanding the origin of life.
A meteorite is a solid piece of debris from an object, such as a comet, asteroid, or meteoroid, that originates in outer space and survives its passage through the atmosphere to reach the surface of a planet or moon.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) is an independent agency of the executive branch of the United States federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and aerospace research.
The National Institutes of Health (NIH) is the primary agency of the United States government responsible for biomedical and public health research, founded in the late 1870s.
Niacin, also known as nicotinic acid, is an organic compound and a form of vitamin B3, an essential human nutrient.
Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) is a coenzyme found in all living cells.
Nucleic acids are biopolymers, or small biomolecules, essential to all known forms of life.
Nucleobases, also known as nitrogenous bases or often simply bases, are nitrogen-containing biological compounds that form nucleosides, which in turn are components of nucleotides, with all of these monomers constituting the basic building blocks of nucleic acids.
Nucleosides are glycosylamines that can be thought of as nucleotides without a phosphate group.
A nucleoside triphosphate is a molecule containing a nitrogenous base bound to a 5-carbon sugar (either ribose or deoxyribose), with three phosphate groups bound to the sugar.
Nucleotides are organic molecules that serve as the monomer units for forming the nucleic acid polymers deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) and ribonucleic acid (RNA), both of which are essential biomolecules within all life-forms on Earth.
In chemistry, an organic compound is generally any chemical compound that contains carbon.
Outer space, or just space, is the expanse that exists beyond the Earth and between celestial bodies.
A phosphate is chemical derivative of phosphoric acid.
In polymer chemistry, polymerization is a process of reacting monomer molecules together in a chemical reaction to form polymer chains or three-dimensional networks.
Protein synthesis is the process whereby biological cells generate new proteins; it is balanced by the loss of cellular proteins via degradation or export.
A purine is a heterocyclic aromatic organic compound that consists of a pyrimidine ring fused to an imidazole ring.
Purine metabolism refers to the metabolic pathways to synthesize and break down purines that are present in many organisms.
Riboflavin, also known as vitamin B2, is a vitamin found in food and used as a dietary supplement.
Ribose is a carbohydrate with the formula C5H10O5; specifically, it is a pentose monosaccharide (simple sugar) with linear form H−(C.
Ribose 5-phosphate (R5P) is both a product and an intermediate of the pentose phosphate pathway.
Ribonucleic acid (RNA) is a polymeric molecule essential in various biological roles in coding, decoding, regulation, and expression of genes.
Science Daily is an American website that aggregates press releases and publishes lightly edited press releases (a practice called churnalism) about science, similar to Phys.org and EurekAlert!.
Spectroscopy is the study of the interaction between matter and electromagnetic radiation.
Tautomers are constitutional isomers of organic compounds that readily interconvert.
Tetrahydrofolic acid, or tetrahydrofolate, is a folic acid derivative.
---> Thymine (T, Thy) is one of the four nucleobases in the nucleic acid of DNA that are represented by the letters G–C–A–T.
Ultraviolet (UV) is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm to 400 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.
Uracil (U) is one of the four nucleobases in the nucleic acid of RNA that are represented by the letters A, G, C and U. The others are adenine (A), cytosine (C), and guanine (G).
A vitamin is an organic molecule (or related set of molecules) which is an essential micronutrient - that is, a substance which an organism needs in small quantities for the proper functioning of its metabolism - but cannot synthesize it (either at all, or in sufficient quantities), and therefore it must be obtained through the diet.