The Academy Awards are given each year by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS or the Academy) for the best films and achievements of the previous year.
Action Message Format (AMF) is a binary format used to serialize object graphs such as ActionScript objects and XML, or send messages between an Adobe Flash client and a remote service, usually a Flash Media Server or third party alternatives.
ActionScript is an object-oriented programming language originally developed by Macromedia Inc. (later acquired by Adobe Systems).
ActiveX is a software framework created by Microsoft that adapts its earlier Component Object Model (COM) and Object Linking and Embedding (OLE) technologies for content downloaded from a network, particularly from the World Wide Web.
Adaptive differential pulse-code modulation (ADPCM) is a variant of differential pulse-code modulation (DPCM) that varies the size of the quantization step, to allow further reduction of the required data bandwidth for a given signal-to-noise ratio.
Adobe After Effects is a digital visual effects, motion graphics, and compositing application developed by Adobe Systems and used in the post-production process of film making and television production.
Adobe AIR (formerly Adobe Integrated Runtime) is a cross-platform runtime system developed by Adobe Systems for building desktop applications and mobile applications, programmed using Adobe Animate, ActionScript and optionally Apache Flex.
Adobe Animate (formerly Adobe Flash Professional, Macromedia Flash, and FutureSplash Animator) is a multimedia authoring and computer animation program developed by Adobe Systems.
Adobe Authorware (previously Macromedia Authorware) was an interpreted, flowchart-based, graphical programming language.
Adobe Creative Cloud is a set of applications and services from Adobe Systems that gives subscribers access to a collection of software used for graphic design, video editing, web development, photography, along with a set of mobile applications and also some optional cloud services.
Adobe Creative Suite (CS) was a software suite of graphic design, video editing, and web development applications developed by Adobe Systems.
Adobe Director (formerly Macromedia Director) is a multimedia application authoring platform created by Macromedia and now managed by Adobe Systems.
Adobe Dreamweaver is a proprietary web development tool from Adobe Systems.
Adobe Fireworks (formerly Macromedia Fireworks) is a discontinued bitmap and vector graphics editor, which Adobe acquired in 2005.
Adobe Flash is a deprecated multimedia software platform used for production of animations, rich Internet applications, desktop applications, mobile applications, mobile games and embedded web browser video players.
Adobe Flash Builder (previously known as Adobe Flex Builder) is an integrated development environment (IDE) built on the Eclipse platform that speeds development of rich Internet applications (RIAs) and cross-platform desktop applications, particularly for the Adobe AIR platform.
Adobe Flash Catalyst (formerly known by its codename Thermo) is a designers' tool for creating the user interface for Rich Internet Applications.
Adobe Flash Lite is a lightweight version of Adobe Flash Player, a software application published by Adobe Systems for viewing Flash content.
Adobe Flash Player (labeled Shockwave Flash in Internet Explorer and Firefox) is freeware for using content created on the Adobe Flash platform, including viewing multimedia contents, executing rich Internet applications, and streaming audio and video.
Adobe LiveCycle Enterprise Suite (ES4) is an SOA Java EE server software product from Adobe Systems Incorporated used to build applications that automate a broad range of business processes for enterprises and government agencies.
Adobe LiveMotion was a product created by Adobe Systems released in 2000 and perceived as a direct competitor to Macromedia Flash.
Adobe Photoshop is a raster graphics editor developed and published by Adobe Systems for macOS and Windows.
Adobe Scout is a visual profiler for Adobe Flash content running on desktop or mobile platforms, and works together with Adobe Flash Player and Adobe AIR.
Adobe Shockwave (formerly Macromedia Shockwave) is a multimedia platform for building interactive multimedia applications and video games.
Adobe Systems Incorporated, commonly known as Adobe, is an American multinational computer software company.
Advanced Audio Coding (AAC) is a proprietary audio coding standard for lossy digital audio compression.
AdventureQuest (also referred to by its website name BattleOn or abbreviated to AQ) is an online flash-based single-player role-playing video game started in 2002 and currently developed by Artix Entertainment.
Ajax Animator is a free, web-based animation suite.
Alex Stamos is a computer security expert and chief information security officer at Facebook.
Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) forms a central part of Amazon.com's cloud-computing platform, Amazon Web Services (AWS), by allowing users to rent virtual computers on which to run their own computer applications.
Android is a mobile operating system developed by Google, based on a modified version of the Linux kernel and other open source software and designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets.
Android PacKage (APK) is the package file format used by the Android operating system for distribution and installation of mobile apps and middleware.
Angry Birds is a video game franchise created by Finnish company Rovio Entertainment.
Animax Entertainment is an animation and interactive production studio producing content for all screens.
Apache Flex, formerly Adobe Flex, is a software development kit (SDK) for the development and deployment of cross-platform rich Internet applications based on the Adobe Flash platform.
The Apache Software Foundation (ASF) is an American non-profit corporation (classified as 501(c)(3) in the United States) to support Apache software projects, including the Apache HTTP Server.
An app store (or app marketplace) is a type of digital distribution platform for computer software, often in a mobile context.
The App Store is a digital distribution platform, developed and maintained by Apple Inc., for mobile apps on its iOS operating system.
An Apple Disk Image is a disk image commonly used by the macOS operating system.
Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.
In computer programming, an application programming interface (API) is a set of subroutine definitions, protocols, and tools for building software.
An application software (app or application for short) is a computer software designed to perform a group of coordinated functions, tasks, or activities for the benefit of the user.
In computer security, "arbitrary code execution" is used to describe an attacker's ability to execute any command of the attacker's choice on a target machine or in a target process.
The ARM Cortex-A8 is a 32-bit processor core licensed by ARM Holdings implementing the ARMv7-A architecture.
Ars Technica (a Latin-derived term that the site translates as the "art of technology") is a website covering news and opinions in technology, science, politics, and society, created by Ken Fisher and Jon Stokes in 1998.
Asao (also known as Nellymoser audio codec) is a proprietary single-channel (mono) codec and compression format optimized for low-bitrate transmission of audio, developed by Nellymoser Inc.
Ashkan Soltani was the Chief Technologist of the Federal Trade Commission.
Away3D is an open-source platform for developing interactive 3D graphics for video games and applications, in Adobe Flash or HTML5.
In computing, bandwidth is the maximum rate of data transfer across a given path.
BlackBerry 10 is a proprietary mobile operating system for the BlackBerry line of smartphones, both developed by BlackBerry Limited (formerly Research In Motion).
The BlackBerry PlayBook is a mini tablet computer developed by BlackBerry and made by Quanta Computer, an original design manufacturer (ODM), September 27, 2010, Reuters It was first released for sale on April 19, 2011, in Canada and the United States.
BlackBerry Tablet OS is an operating system from BlackBerry Ltd based on the QNX Neutrino real-time operating system designed to run Adobe AIR and BlackBerry WebWorks applications, currently available for the BlackBerry PlayBook tablet computer.
BlackBerry World (previously BlackBerry App World) is an application distribution service and application by BlackBerry Limited for a majority of BlackBerry devices.
BlazeDS is a server-based Java remoting and web messaging technology that allows you to connect to back-end distributed data and push data to Adobe Flex and Adobe Integrated Runtime (AIR) Rich Internet applications (RIA).
The British Academy of Film and Television Arts or BAFTA Film Awards are presented in an annual award show hosted by the British Academy of Film and Television Arts (BAFTA) to honour the best British and international contributions to film.
A browser game is a computer game that is played over the Internet using a web browser.
C (as in the letter ''c'') is a general-purpose, imperative computer programming language, supporting structured programming, lexical variable scope and recursion, while a static type system prevents many unintended operations.
The C standard library or libc is the standard library for the C programming language, as specified in the ANSI C standard.
C++ ("see plus plus") is a general-purpose programming language.
The canvas element is part of HTML5 and allows for dynamic, scriptable rendering of 2D shapes and bitmap images.
Cartoon Network (abbreviated as CN since 2004) is an American basic cable and satellite television channel owned by Turner Broadcasting System.
Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is a style sheet language used for describing the presentation of a document written in a markup language like HTML.
A central processing unit (CPU) is the electronic circuitry within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetic, logical, control and input/output (I/O) operations specified by the instructions.
Charlie Jackson is an American computer software entrepreneur who founded Silicon Beach Software in 1984 and co-founded FutureWave Software in 1993.
Charles Alfred Miller is an American computer security researcher with Cruise Automation.
Chromium is an open-source Web browser project started by Google, to provide the source code for the proprietary Google Chrome browser.
The Chumby is a consumer electronics product formerly made by Chumby Industries, Inc. It is an embedded computer which provides Internet and LAN access via a Wi-Fi connection.
Clash of Clans is a freemium mobile strategy video game developed and published by Finnish game developer Supercell.
Classic Mac OS is a colloquial term used to describe a series of operating systems developed for the Macintosh family of personal computers by Apple Inc. from 1984 until 2001.
Clone High (occasionally referred to in the U.S. as Clone High U.S.A.) is a Canadian–American adult animated television series created by Phil Lord, Christopher Miller and Bill Lawrence.
A codec is a device or computer program for encoding or decoding a digital data stream or signal.
A color space is a specific organization of colors.
The Common Vulnerabilities and Exposures (CVE) system provides a reference-method for publicly known information-security vulnerabilities and exposures.
Comparison of single-board computers excluding single-board microcontrollers.
A computing platform or digital platform is the environment in which a piece of software is executed.
A console game is a form of interactive multimedia used for entertainment.
Consumer electronics or home electronics are electronic (analog or digital) equipments intended for everyday use, typically in private homes.
CES (formerly an acronym for Consumer Electronics Show but now the official name) is an annual trade show organized by the Consumer Technology Association.
CopperCube is a game engine with graphical editor developed by Ambiera.
CPU time (or process time) is the amount of time for which a central processing unit (CPU) was used for processing instructions of a computer program or operating system, as opposed to elapsed time, which includes for example, waiting for input/output (I/O) operations or entering low-power (idle) mode.
CreateJS is a suite of modular libraries and tools which work together to create interactive content on open web technologies via HTML5.
Crime Time is a series of animated shorts produced by Future Thought Productions, produced by Jay Zaveri and Steven Kasper, directed by Nassos Vakalis.
A cross compiler is a compiler capable of creating executable code for a platform other than the one on which the compiler is running.
CrossBridge is an open-source toolset developed by Adobe Systems, that cross-compiles C and C++ code to run in Adobe Flash Player or Adobe AIR.
CryEngine is a game engine designed by the German game developer Crytek.
Danny Phantom is an American superhero animated television series created by Butch Hartman for Nickelodeon.
Data visualiation or data visualiation is viewed by many disciplines as a modern equivalent of visual communication.
Defend Your Castle is a series of video games developed by XGen Studios.
Dennis Publishing Ltd. is an independent publisher founded in 1974.
A desktop computer is a personal computer designed for regular use at a single location on or near a desk or table due to its size and power requirements.
In computing, a desktop environment (DE) is an implementation of the desktop metaphor made of a bundle of programs running on top of a computer operating system, which share a common graphical user interface (GUI), sometimes described as a graphical shell.
DHX Media is a Canadian media production, distribution and broadcasting company.
Digital art is an artistic work or practice that uses digital technology as an essential part of the creative or presentation process.
Digital audio is audio, or simply sound, signal that has been recorded as or converted into digital form, where the sound wave of the audio signal is encoded as numerical samples in continuous sequence, typically at CD audio quality which is 16 bit sample depth over 44.1 thousand samples per second.
A digital camera or digicam is a camera that captures photographs in digital memory.
A container or wrapper format is a metafile format whose specification describes how different elements of data and metadata coexist in a computer file.
Digital video is an electronic representation of moving visual images (video) in the form of encoded digital data.
DirectX Video Acceleration (DXVA) is a Microsoft API specification for the Microsoft Windows and Xbox 360 platforms that allows video decoding to be hardware accelerated.
Disney Games and Interactive Experiences, originally established as Disney Interactive, Disney Interactive Media Group and Walt Disney Internet Group, is an American company that oversees various websites and interactive media owned by The Walt Disney Company and its subsidiaries.
A domain name is an identification string that defines a realm of administrative autonomy, authority or control within the Internet.
Eclipse is an integrated development environment (IDE) used in computer programming, and is the most widely used Java IDE.
ECMAScript (or ES) is a trademarked scripting-language specification standardized by Ecma International in ECMA-262 and ISO/IEC 16262.
El Tigre: The Adventures of Manny Rivera is an American/Mexican flash animated television series produced for Nickelodeon and Nicktoons.
An Emmy Award, or simply Emmy, is an American award that recognizes excellence in the television industry, and is the equivalent of an Academy Award (for film), the Tony Award (for theater), and the Grammy Award (for music).
"End-of-life" (EOL) is a term used with respect to a product supplied to customers, indicating that the product is in the end of its useful life (from the vendor's point of view), and a vendor stops marketing, selling, or rework sustaining it.
ESPN (originally an acronym for Entertainment and Sports Programming Network) is a U.S.-based global cable and satellite sports television channel owned by ESPN Inc., a joint venture owned by The Walt Disney Company (80%) and Hearst Communications (20%).
Extended Vector Animation (EVA) is a web-based vector graphic file format developed by Sharp Corporation in 1996.
Facebook is an American online social media and social networking service company based in Menlo Park, California.
FarmVille is a farming simulation social network game developed by Zynga in 2009.
A file format is a standard way that information is encoded for storage in a computer file.
A filename extension is an identifier specified as a suffix to the name of a computer file.
Mozilla Firefox (or simply Firefox) is a free and open-source web browser developed by Mozilla Foundation and its subsidiary, Mozilla Corporation.
Flare3D is a framework for developing interactive three-dimensional (3D) graphics within Adobe Flash Player and Adobe AIR, written in ActionScript 3.
Adobe Flash animation or Adobe Flash cartoon is an animated film that is created with the Adobe Flash platform or similar animation software and often distributed in the SWF file format.
Flash Video is a container file format used to deliver digital video content (e.g., TV shows, movies, etc.) over the Internet using Adobe Flash Player version 6 and newer.
Flashblock is a discontinued content-filtering Firefox extension for Mozilla Firefox and SeaMonkey.
FlashDevelop is an integrated development environment (IDE) for development of Adobe Flash websites, web applications, desktop applications and video games.
The Fox Broadcasting Company (often shortened to Fox and stylized as FOX) is an American commercial broadcast television network that is a flagship property of Fox Entertainment Group, a subsidiary of 21st Century Fox.
The free software movement (FSM) or free / open source software movement (FOSSM) or free / libre open source software (FLOSS) is a social movement with the goal of obtaining and guaranteeing certain freedoms for software users, namely the freedom to run the software, to study and change the software, and to redistribute copies with or without changes.
Fresh TV Inc. is a Canadian production company specializing in entertainment aimed at pre-teens and teenagers.
Future Thought Productions is a creative animation studio that creates, produces or contributes to film, television, web and mobile animation.
FutureWave Software is a software development company based in San Diego, California.
Gamasutra is a website founded in 1997 that focuses on all aspects of video game development.
General Electric Company (GE) is an American multinational conglomerate incorporated in New York and headquartered in Boston, Massachusetts.
The Graphics Interchange Format, better known by its acronym GIF, is a bitmap image format that was developed by a team at the bulletin board service (BBS) provider CompuServe led by American computer scientist Steve Wilhite on June 15, 1987.
Gnash is a media player for playing SWF files.
Google LLC is an American multinational technology company that specializes in Internet-related services and products, which include online advertising technologies, search engine, cloud computing, software, and hardware.
Google Chrome is a freeware web browser developed by Google LLC.
Google Play (previously Android Market) is a digital distribution service operated and developed by Google.
Google Swiffy was a web-based tool developed by Google that converted SWF files to HTML5.
Gotham Girls is an American Flash animation series focusing on several of the female characters of Gotham City, created and produced jointly by Warner Bros. Animation and Noodle Soup Productions in 2002.
A graphics processing unit (GPU) is a specialized electronic circuit designed to rapidly manipulate and alter memory to accelerate the creation of images in a frame buffer intended for output to a display device.
The English adjective free is commonly used in one of two meanings: "for free" (gratis) and "with little or no restriction" (libre).
H.263 is a video compression standard originally designed as a low-bit-rate compressed format for videoconferencing.
H.264 or MPEG-4 Part 10, Advanced Video Coding (MPEG-4 AVC) is a block-oriented motion-compensation-based video compression standard.
Happy Tree Friends is an animated video series created and developed by Aubrey Ankrum, Rhode Montijo, Kenn Navarro and Warren Graff for Mondo Media.
Haxe is a high-level cross-platform multi-paradigm programming language and compiler that can produce applications and source code, for many different computing platforms, from one code-base.
Håkon Wium Lie (born 1965 in Halden) is a Norwegian web pioneer, a standards activist, a founding member of the Pirate Party of Norway, and the former Chief Technology Officer of Opera Software.
Home Box Office (HBO) is an American premium cable and satellite television network of Home Box Office, Inc..
In video gaming, the HUD (head-up display) or status bar is the method by which information is visually relayed to the player as part of a game's user interface.
The Hewlett-Packard Company (commonly referred to as HP) or shortened to Hewlett-Packard was an American multinational information technology company headquartered in Palo Alto, California.
Homestar Runner is a Flash-animated Internet cartoon series created by Mike and Matt Chapman, also known as The Brothers Chaps.
An HTML element is an individual component of an HTML document or web page, once this has been parsed into the Document Object Model.
HTML5 is a markup language used for structuring and presenting content on the World Wide Web.
The HTML5 specification introduced the video element for the purpose of playing videos, partially replacing the object element.
An HTTP cookie (also called web cookie, Internet cookie, browser cookie, or simply cookie) is a small piece of data sent from a website and stored on the user's computer by the user's web browser while the user is browsing.
Hundreds is a mobile puzzle video game where players touch circles to make them grow without overlapping.
ID3 is a metadata container most often used in conjunction with the MP3 audio file format.
Inbetweening or tweening is a key process in all types of animation, including computer animation.
Intego is a Mac security software company, founded in 1997.
An integrated development environment (IDE) is a software application that provides comprehensive facilities to computer programmers for software development.
Interactive media normally refers to products and services on digital computer-based systems which respond to the user's actions by presenting content such as text, moving image, animation, video, audio, and video games.
Internet Explorer (formerly Microsoft Internet Explorer and Windows Internet Explorer, commonly abbreviated IE or MSIE) is a series of graphical web browsers developed by Microsoft and included in the Microsoft Windows line of operating systems, starting in 1995.
Inverse kinematics is the mathematical process of recovering the movements of an object in the world from some other data, such as a film of those movements, or a film of the world as seen by a camera which is itself making those movements.
iOS (formerly iPhone OS) is a mobile operating system created and developed by Apple Inc. exclusively for its hardware.
iPad is a line of tablet computers designed, developed and marketed by Apple Inc., which run the iOS mobile operating system.
iPhone is a line of smartphones designed and marketed by Apple Inc. The iPhone line of products use Apple's iOS mobile operating system software.
The iPod Touch (stylized and marketed as iPod touch) is an iOS-based all-purpose mobile device designed and marketed by Apple Inc. with a touchscreen-controlled user interface.
IrfanView is an image viewer, editor, organiser and converter program for Microsoft Windows.
iriver Limited is a consumer electronics company headquartered in South Korea and is widely known for its digital audio players and other portable media devices.
ISO base media file format (ISO/IEC 14496-12 – MPEG-4 Part 12) defines a general structure for time-based multimedia files such as video and audio.
iTunes is a media player, media library, Internet radio broadcaster, and mobile device management application developed by Apple Inc. It was announced on January 9, 2001.
The iTunes Store is a software-based online digital media store operated by Apple Inc. It opened on April 28, 2003, and has been the largest music vendor in the United States since April 2008, and the largest music vendor in the world since February 2010.
Jakob Nielsen (born 5 October 1957) is a Danish web usability consultant.
Java is a set of computer software and specifications developed by James Gosling at Sun Microsystems, which was later acquired by the Oracle Corporation, that provides a system for developing application software and deploying it in a cross-platform computing environment.
JavaFX is a software platform for creating and delivering desktop applications, as well as rich Internet applications (RIAs) that can run across a wide variety of devices.
Jonathan Gay is an American computer programmer and software entrepreneur based in Northern California.
JPEG is a commonly used method of lossy compression for digital images, particularly for those images produced by digital photography.
K-Meleon is an open-source web browser for Microsoft Windows.
Keynote is a presentation software application developed as a part of the iWork productivity suite by Apple Inc. Keynote 7.3.1 was released on November 2, 2017 and is the most recent version for the Mac.
Konqueror, a free and open-source web browser and file manager, provides web access and file-viewer functionality for file systems (such as local files, files on a remote FTP server and files in a disk image).
Lightbot is an educational video game for learning software programming concepts, developed by Danny Yaroslavski.
Lightspark is a free and open-source SWF player released under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) version 3.
Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel.
This is a list of two-dimensional animation software.
Flex frameworks are software libraries that assist developers in building rich internet applications on the Apache Flex platform.
This is a list of games using Scaleform technology developed by Scaleform Corporation, a subsidiary of Autodesk.
This list of mobile app distribution platforms includes digital distribution platforms that are intended to provide mobile apps to mobile devices.
Local shared objects (LSOs), commonly called Flash cookies (due to their similarities with HTTP cookies), are pieces of data that websites which use Adobe Flash may store on a user's computer.
Machinarium is a puzzle point-and-click adventure game developed by Amanita Design.
macOS (previously and later) is a series of graphical operating systems developed and marketed by Apple Inc. since 2001.
Macromedia was an American graphics, multimedia, and web development software company (1992–2005) headquartered in San Francisco, California that produced such products as Flash and Dreamweaver.
MacUser was a monthly (formerly biweekly) computer magazine published by Dennis Publishing Ltd. and licensed by Felden in the UK.
Madden NFL Mobile is an American football mobile sports game based on the National Football League, developed and published by Electronic Arts.
A media player is a computer program for playing multimedia files like videos, movies and music.
Metadata is "data that provides information about other data".
Metalocalypse is an American adult animated television series, created by Brendon Small and Tommy Blacha, which premiered on August 6, 2006, and concluded on October 27, 2013 on Adult Swim.
A microphone, colloquially nicknamed mic or mike, is a transducer that converts sound into an electrical signal.
Microsoft Edge (codename "Spartan") is a web browser developed by Microsoft and included in Windows 10, Windows 10 Mobile and Xbox One, replacing Internet Explorer as the default web browser on all device classes.
Microsoft Silverlight (or simply Silverlight) is a deprecated application framework for writing and running rich Internet applications, similar to Adobe Flash.
Microsoft Visual Studio is an integrated development environment (IDE) from Microsoft.
Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.
Mike & Mike (formerly Mike and Mike in the Morning) was an American sports-talk radio show that was hosted by Mike Golic and Mike Greenberg on ESPN networks from 2000-2017.
Ming is a C library for creating Adobe Flash (.swf) files.
A mobile app is a computer program designed to run on a mobile device such as a phone/tablet or watch.
A mobile device (or handheld computer) is a computing device small enough to hold and operate in the hand.
A mobile game is a video game played on a feature phone, smartphone/tablet, smartwatch, PDA, portable media player or graphing calculator.
Moho is a proprietary vector-based 2D animation software distributed by Smith Micro Software.
Motorola, Inc. was an American multinational telecommunications company founded on September 25, 1928, based in Schaumburg, Illinois.
Mozilla (stylized as moz://a) is a free software community founded in 1998 by members of Netscape.
Mozilla Europe was a non-profit organisation that promoted and deployed Mozilla products, like Firefox and Thunderbird, in Europe.
MPEG-4 is a method of defining compression of audio and visual (AV) digital data.
MPEG-4 Part 2, MPEG-4 Visual (formally ISO/IEC 14496-2) is a video compression format developed by MPEG.
MTASC (Motion-Twin ActionScript 2 Compiler) is an ActionScript 2.0 compiler written in the OCaml programming language by the company Motion-Twin.
Multimedia is content that uses a combination of different content forms such as text, audio, images, animations, video and interactive content.
My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic is a children's animated fantasy television series created by Lauren Faust for Hasbro.
N (stylized as n) is a freeware video game developed by Metanet Software.
Nelvana Ltd. is a Canadian animation studio and children's media company owned by Corus Entertainment.
Newgrounds.com Inc. is an American online entertainment and social media website and company, operated under Newgrounds Inc.
Nickelodeon Animation Studio, also known in Burbank as Nickelodeon Studios Burbank, is an American animation studio owned and operated by Viacom through Nickelodeon producing series like SpongeBob SquarePants, The Loud House, Welcome to the Wayne, and The Adventures of Kid Danger.
Nike, Inc. is an American multinational corporation that is engaged in the design, development, manufacturing, and worldwide marketing and sales of footwear, apparel, equipment, accessories, and services.
The Nintendo Switch is the seventh major video game console developed by Nintendo.
Nokia is a Finnish multinational telecommunications, information technology, and consumer electronics company, founded in 1865.
A non-disclosure agreement (NDA), also known as a confidentiality agreement (CA), confidential disclosure agreement (CDA), proprietary information agreement (PIA) or secrecy agreement (SA), is a legal contract between at least two parties that outlines confidential material, knowledge, or information that the parties wish to share with one another for certain purposes, but wish to restrict access to or by third parties.
NoScript (or NoScript Security Suite) is a free software extension for Mozilla Firefox, SeaMonkey, and other Mozilla-based web browsers, created and actively maintained by Giorgio Maone, an Italian software developer and member of the Mozilla Security Group.
Netscape Plugin Application Programming Interface (NPAPI) is an application programming interface (API) that allows browser extensions to be developed.
Object-oriented programming (OOP) is a programming paradigm based on the concept of "objects", which may contain data, in the form of fields, often known as attributes; and code, in the form of procedures, often known as methods. A feature of objects is that an object's procedures can access and often modify the data fields of the object with which they are associated (objects have a notion of "this" or "self").
On2 Technologies, formerly known as The Duck Corporation, was a small publicly traded company (on the American Stock Exchange), founded in New York City in 1992 and headquartered in Clifton Park, New York, that designed video codec technology.
An online game is a video game that is either partially or primarily played through the Internet or any other computer network available.
The open-source model is a decentralized software-development model that encourages open collaboration.
OpenFL is a free and open-source software framework and platform for the creation of multi-platform applications and video games.
Open Graphics Library (OpenGL) is a cross-language, cross-platform application programming interface (API) for rendering 2D and 3D vector graphics.
OpenLaszlo is a discontinued open source platform for the development and delivery of rich Internet applications.
OpenOffice.org (OOo), commonly known as OpenOffice, is a discontinued open-source office suite.
Opera is a web browser for Windows, macOS, and Linux operating systems developed by Opera Software AS.
An operating system (OS) is system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
In computing, an optimizing compiler is a compiler that tries to minimize or maximize some attributes of an executable computer program.
Palm OS (also known as Garnet OS) is a discontinued mobile operating system initially developed by Palm, Inc., for personal digital assistants (PDAs) in 1996.
Palm, Inc. was an American company that specialized in manufacturing personal digital assistants (PDAs) and other electronics.
Papers, Please is a puzzle video game created by indie game developer Lucas Pope, developed and published through his company, 3909.
PC games, also known as computer games or personal computer games, are video games played on a personal computer rather than a dedicated video game console or arcade machine.
The PenPoint OS was a product of GO Corporation and was one of the earliest operating systems written specifically for graphical tablets and personal digital assistants.
Perl is a family of two high-level, general-purpose, interpreted, dynamic programming languages, Perl 5 and Perl 6.
PHP: Hypertext Preprocessor (or simply PHP) is a server-side scripting language designed for Web development, but also used as a general-purpose programming language.
PhyreEngine is a free to use game engine from Sony Interactive Entertainment.
The PlayStation 4 (PS4) is an eighth-generation home video game console developed by Sony Interactive Entertainment.
In computing, a plug-in (or plugin, add-in, addin, add-on, addon, or extension) is a software component that adds a specific feature to an existing computer program.
A Pocket PC (P/PC, PPC), also known by Microsoft as a 'Windows Mobile Classic device', is a kind of personal digital assistant (PDA) that runs the Windows Mobile operating system.
Popular Science (also known as PopSci) is an American quarterly magazine carrying popular science content, which refers to articles for the general reader on science and technology subjects.
Portable Network Graphics (PNG, pronounced or) is a raster graphics file format that supports lossless data compression.
Pound Puppies is a Canadian/American animated series that premiered on Hub Network (as a Hub Original Series) on October 10, 2010, in the United States.
Powerflasher FDT is an integrated development environment (IDE) built on the Eclipse platform for development of Adobe Flash-based content.
Proprietary software is non-free computer software for which the software's publisher or another person retains intellectual property rights—usually copyright of the source code, but sometimes patent rights.
PureMVC is a framework for creating applications based upon the well-established model–view–controller (MVC) design pattern.
Python is an interpreted high-level programming language for general-purpose programming.
QNX is a commercial Unix-like real-time operating system, aimed primarily at the embedded systems market.
Question Writer is a quiz authoring tool for Microsoft Windows.
QuickTime is an extensible multimedia framework developed by Apple Inc., capable of handling various formats of digital video, picture, sound, panoramic images, and interactivity.
QuickTime File Format (QTFF) is a computer file format used natively by the QuickTime framework.
QWOP is a 2008 ragdoll-based browser video game created by Bennett Foddy, formerly the bassist of Cut Copy.
The Raspberry Pi is a series of small single-board computers developed in the United Kingdom by the Raspberry Pi Foundation to promote the teaching of basic computer science in schools and in developing countries.
In computer graphics, a raster graphics or bitmap image is a dot matrix data structure that represents a generally rectangular grid of pixels (points of color), viewable via a monitor, paper, or other display medium.
RealNetworks, Inc. is a provider of Internet streaming media delivery software and services based in Seattle, Washington, United States.
Responsive web design (RWD) is an approach to web design which makes web pages render well on a variety of devices and window or screen sizes.
Richard Matthew Stallman (born March 16, 1953), often known by his initials, rms—is an American free software movement activist and programmer.
Ruby is a dynamic, interpreted, reflective, object-oriented, general-purpose programming language.
Rymdkapsel is a 2013 minimalist real-time strategy video game by indie developer Grapefrukt, the studio of Martin Jonasson.
Safari is a web browser developed by Apple based on the WebKit engine.
The Saffron Type System is a system for rendering high-quality scalable type on digital displays.
Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) is an XML-based vector image format for two-dimensional graphics with support for interactivity and animation.
Scaleform Corporation is a developer providing middleware for use in the video game industry.
Scaleform GFx is a game development middleware package, a vector graphics rendering engine used to display Adobe Flash-based user interfaces and HUDs for video games.
ScreenCam (formerly Lotus/IBM ScreenCam) is a Screencast tool for Microsoft Windows that is used to author software demonstrations, software simulations, branched scenarios, and tutorials in.swf (also known as Adobe Flash) format.
A screencast is a digital recording of computer screen output, also known as a video screen capture, often containing audio narration.
In computer graphics, a shader is a type of computer program that was originally used for shading (the production of appropriate levels of light, darkness, and color within an image) but which now performs a variety of specialized functions in various fields of computer graphics special effects or does video post-processing unrelated to shading, or even functions unrelated to graphics at all.
Shumway is a discontinued media player for playing SWF files.
A smartphone is a handheld personal computer with a mobile operating system and an integrated mobile broadband cellular network connection for voice, SMS, and Internet data communication; most, if not all, smartphones also support Wi-Fi.
Software as a service (SaaS) is a software licensing and delivery model in which software is licensed on a subscription basis and is centrally hosted.
A software developer is a person concerned with facets of the software development process, including the research, design, programming, and testing of computer software.
Software development is the process of conceiving, specifying, designing, programming, documenting, testing, and bug fixing involved in creating and maintaining applications, frameworks, or other software components.
A software development kit (SDK or devkit) is typically a set of software development tools that allows the creation of applications for a certain software package, software framework, hardware platform, computer system, video game console, operating system, or similar development platform.
Portability in high-level computer programming is the usability of the same software in different environments.
Solipskier is a sports video game for Adobe Flash, iOS, and Android developed and published by Mikengreg, a two-man independent development team consisting of Michael Boxleiter and Greg Wohlwend.
Sorenson Media is an American software company specializing in video encoding technology.
In computing, source code is any collection of code, possibly with comments, written using a human-readable programming language, usually as plain text.
Speedtest.net is a web service that provides free analysis of Internet access performance metrics, such as connection data rate and latency.
Speex is an audio compression format specifically tuned for the reproduction of human speech and also a free software speech codec that may be used on VoIP applications and podcasts.
Squidbillies is an American adult animated television series on Cartoon Network's late night programming block, Adult Swim.
In computing, Stage3D (codenamed Molehill) is an Adobe Flash Player API for rendering interactive 3D graphics with GPU-acceleration, within Flash games and applications.
Starling is an open source game framework used to create 2D games that run both on mobile and desktop platforms.
Steven Paul Jobs (February 24, 1955 – October 5, 2011) was an American entrepreneur and business magnate.
SWF is an abbreviation for Small Web Format, an Adobe Flash file format used for multimedia, vector graphics and ActionScript.
Swfdec is an outdated free and open-source replacement for Adobe Flash Player.
swfmill is a free software command line tool that generates SWF files.
SWFTools is an open source software tool suite for creating and manipulating SWF files.
SWiSH Max is a Flash, Dynamic HTML and vector graphic creation tool that is commonly used to create interactive and cross-platform movies, animations, and presentations.
Symbian is a discontinued mobile operating system (OS) and computing platform designed for smartphones.
Synfig Studio (also known as Synfig) is a free and open source 2D vector graphics and timeline-based computer animation program created by Robert Quattlebaum with additional contributions by Adrian Bentley.
A text file (sometimes spelled "textfile"; an old alternative name is "flatfile") is a kind of computer file that is structured as a sequence of lines of electronic text.
In realtime computer graphics, a texture atlas (also called a sprite sheet or an image sprite) is an image containing a collection of smaller images, usually packed together to reduce the atlas size.
Matthew "Matt" Alan Chapman (born November 1, 1976) and Michael "Mike" Raymond Chapman (born September 20, 1973), known collectively as The Brothers Chaps, are American writers, voice actors, directors, producers and composers.
The Guardian is a British daily newspaper.
The Inquirer is a British technology tabloid website founded by Mike Magee after his departure from The Register (of which he was one of the founding members) in 2001.
The Secret of Kells is a 2009 French-Belgian-Irish animated fantasy film animated by Cartoon Saloon that premiered on 8 February 2009 at the 59th Berlin International Film Festival.
The Simpsons is an American animated sitcom created by Matt Groening for the Fox Broadcasting Company.
The Wall Street Journal is a U.S. business-focused, English-language international daily newspaper based in New York City.
The Walt Disney Company, commonly known as Disney, is an American diversified multinational mass media and entertainment conglomerate, headquartered at the Walt Disney Studios in Burbank, California.
Theora is a free lossy video compression format.
Thoughts on Flash is an open letter published by Steve Jobs, co-founder and then-chief executive officer of Apple Inc., on April 29, 2010.
Timed text refers to the presentation of text media in synchrony with other media, such as audio and video.
Toon Boom Animation Inc. is a Canadian software company that specializes in animation production and storyboarding software.
Total Drama is a Canadian animated comedy television series which is a homage and parody to common conventions from reality television.
Tristan Nitot (born 19 October 1966) is the founder and former president of Mozilla Europe.
Tupi (formerly KTooN) is a software application for the design and creation of 2D animation.
The United States Computer Emergency Readiness Team (US-CERT) is an organization within the Department of Homeland Security’s (DHS) National Protection and Programs Directorate (NPPD).
Unity is a cross-platform game engine developed by Unity Technologies, first announced and released in June 2005 at Apple Inc.'s Worldwide Developers Conference as an OS X-exclusive game engine.
The University of California, Berkeley (UC Berkeley, Berkeley, Cal, or California) is a public research university in Berkeley, California.
The Unreal Engine is a game engine developed by Epic Games, first showcased in the 1998 first-person shooter game Unreal.
The user interface (UI), in the industrial design field of human–computer interaction, is the space where interactions between humans and machines occur.
Vector graphics are computer graphics images that are defined in terms of 2D points, which are connected by lines and curves to form polygons and other shapes.
A video codec is an electronic circuit or software that compresses or decompresses digital video.
A video game is an electronic game that involves interaction with a user interface to generate visual feedback on a video device such as a TV screen or computer monitor.
Video overlay is any technique used to display a video window on a computer display while bypassing the chain of CPU to graphics card to computer monitor.
In computing, a virtual machine (VM) is an emulation of a computer system.
VLC media player (commonly known as VLC) is a free and open-source, portable, cross-platform media player and streaming media server developed by the VideoLAN project.
On2 TrueMotion VP6 is a proprietary lossy video compression format and video codec.
Vyond (formerly known as Go!Animate and GoAnimate) is a cloud-based, animated video creation platform owned by GoAnimate, Inc.
In computing, a web application or web app is a client–server computer program which the client (including the user interface and client-side logic) runs in a web browser.
A web browser (commonly referred to as a browser) is a software application for accessing information on the World Wide Web.
A web page (also written as webpage) is a document that is suitable for the World Wide Web and web browsers.
webOS, also known as LG webOS and previously known as Open webOS, HP webOS and Palm webOS, is a Linux kernel-based multitasking operating system for smart devices such as smart TVs and it has been used as a mobile operating system.
The Wii U is a home video game console developed by Nintendo, and the successor to the Wii.
Williams Street Productions, LLC, (simply known as Williams Street, and formerly known as Ghost Planet Industries, named after the fictional television studio on Space Ghost's home planet), is an animation studio that is owned by Turner Broadcasting System.
Windows Embedded Compact, formerly Windows Embedded CE and Windows CE, is an operating system subfamily developed by Microsoft as part of its Windows Embedded family of products.* Unlike Windows Embedded Standard, which is based on Windows NT, Windows Embedded Compact uses a different hybrid kernel.
Windows Installer (previously known as Microsoft Installer, codename Darwin) is a software component and application programming interface (API) of Microsoft Windows used for the installation, maintenance, and removal of software.
Windows Media Player (WMP) is a media player and media library application developed by Microsoft that is used for playing audio, video and viewing images on personal computers running the Microsoft Windows operating system, as well as on Pocket PC and Windows Mobile-based devices.
Windows Phone (WP) is a family of discontinued mobile operating systems developed by Microsoft for smartphones as the replacement successor to Windows Mobile and Zune.
Windows RT is a discontinued mobile operating system developed by Microsoft.
Windows XP (codenamed Whistler) is a personal computer operating system that was produced by Microsoft as part of the Windows NT family of operating systems.
The World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) is an international non-governmental organization founded in 1961, working in the field of the wilderness preservation, and the reduction of human impact on the environment.
The World Wide Web (abbreviated WWW or the Web) is an information space where documents and other web resources are identified by Uniform Resource Locators (URLs), interlinked by hypertext links, and accessible via the Internet.
Wow! Wow! Wubbzy! (or simply Wubbzy) is an American educational children's animated television series created by Bob Boyle.
Xara Flare Open Vector File Format is a format that was introduced in 1997 by XARA to compete with the Macromedia Flash format.
Xara Photo & Graphic Designer is an image editing program incorporating photo editing and vector illustration tools created by British software company Xara, which was acquired by German company MAGIX AG in 2007, and now operates as a wholly owned subsidiary.
Xbox One is a line of eighth generation home video game consoles developed by Microsoft.
YouTube is an American video-sharing website headquartered in San Bruno, California.
ZDNet is a business technology news website published by CBS Interactive, along with TechRepublic.
.bar is an Internet domain that is specifically geared for bars, pubs and nightclubs, including bar and restaurant guides, critics, delivery services, wine and liquor, and related industries.
.exe is a common filename extension denoting an executable file (the main execution point of a computer program) for DOS, OpenVMS, Microsoft Windows, Symbian or OS/2.
An.ipa file is an iOS application archive file which stores an iOS app.
3D computer graphics or three-dimensional computer graphics, (in contrast to 2D computer graphics) are graphics that use a three-dimensional representation of geometric data (often Cartesian) that is stored in the computer for the purposes of performing calculations and rendering 2D images.
3GP (3GPP file format) is a multimedia container format defined by the Third Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) for 3G UMTS multimedia services.
The 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) is a collaboration between groups of telecommunications standards associations, known as the Organizational Partners.
6teen is a Canadian animated sitcom produced by Nelvana, and co-produced by Fresh TV for its last two seasons, which premiered on November 7, 2004 on Teletoon.
The 82nd Academy Awards ceremony, presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), honored the best films of 2009 and took place on March 7, 2010, at the Kodak Theatre in Hollywood, Los Angeles beginning at 5:30 p.m. PST / 8:30 p.m. EST.
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