194 relations: AAC-LD, Adobe Flash Player, Advanced Audio Coding, AIMP, Album cover, Android (operating system), Apple Inc., Apple Lossless, Archos, ATSC-M/H, Audio coding format, Audio Lossless Coding, Audio signal, Backward compatibility, Bada, Bandwidth (computing), Bell Labs, BenQ-Siemens, Bit rate, BlackBerry, BlackBerry 10, BlackBerry OS, Chromecast, Code-excited linear prediction, Codec, Command-line interface, Comparison of audio coding formats, CoreAVC, Cowon, Creative Zen, Data compression, Digital audio, Digital audio broadcasting, Digital radio, Digital Radio Mondiale, Digital rights management, Digital Video Broadcasting, DirectShow, Dolby Laboratories, DVB-H, ETSI, FAAC, FairPlay, Ffdshow, FFmpeg, File sharing, Filter bank, Firmware, Foobar2000, Fraunhofer FDK AAC, ..., Fraunhofer Society, Free and open-source software, Free software, Freeware, GNU Lesser General Public License, Graphical user interface, GSMA, H.264/MPEG-4 AVC, Harmonic and Individual Lines and Noise, Harmonic Vector Excitation Coding, Hertz, High-Efficiency Advanced Audio Coding, International Electrotechnical Commission, International Organization for Standardization, International Telecommunication Union, IPad, IPhone, IPod, ISDB, ISDB-T International, ISO base media file format, ITunes, ITunes Store, Joint (audio engineering), Kaiser window, KMPlayer, Kodi (software), Libav, Libavcodec, Library (computing), Linux, Livescribe, Logitech, Lossy compression, Low-frequency effects, Luhn mod N algorithm, Macintosh, MacOS, Media player (software), MediaCoder, MediaMonkey, Microsoft Silverlight, Microsoft Windows, Mobile television, Modified discrete cosine transform, Motorola, Moving Picture Experts Group, MP3, MPEG transport stream, MPEG-1, MPEG-1 Audio Layer I, MPEG-1 Audio Layer II, MPEG-2, MPEG-4, MPEG-4 Part 14, MPEG-4 Part 3, MPEG-4 SLS, MPEG-4 Structured Audio, MPlayer, MusicBee, Napster (streaming music service), Nero AAC Codec, Nero AG, Nintendo 3DS, Nintendo DSi, Noise shaping, Nokia, Nokia 5510, Nook Color, Open-source model, Opus (audio format), Palm OS, Parametric Stereo, Peer-to-peer, Personal digital assistant, Philips, Philips GoGear, PlayStation 3, PlayStation Portable, PlayStation Vita, Proprietary format, Pseudorandomness, Psychoacoustics, Quantization (signal processing), QuickTime, RealNetworks, RealPlayer, Rockbox, Royalty-free, Sampling (signal processing), Samsung, Samsung YEPP, SanDisk Sansa, Seiko Epson, Series 40, SHOUTcast, Slim Devices, Songbird (software), SonicStage, Sonos, Sony, Sony Ericsson K610i, Sony Ericsson K700, Sony Ericsson P990, Sony Ericsson W600, Sony Ericsson W890i, Sony Mobile, Sony Reader, SoundBridge, Source code, Spectral band replication, Spectral leakage, Speech synthesis, Squeezebox (network music player), Stationary process, Stereophonic sound, The Core Pocket Media Player, Transient (acoustics), Transparency (data compression), TwinVQ, Variable bitrate, VLC media player, Vorbis, Walkman, WAV, WebOS, Wideband audio, Wii, Wii Menu, Winamp, Windows 7, Windows Media Player, Windows Mobile, Windows Phone, Xbox 360, Xbox Live, Xine, XMMS, XpressMusic, YouTube, Zune, 3GP and 3G2, 3ivx, 5.1 surround sound. Expand index (144 more) » « Shrink index
The MPEG-4 Low Delay Audio Coder (a.k.a. AAC Low Delay, or AAC-LD) is audio compression standard designed to combine the advantages of perceptual audio coding with the low delay necessary for two-way communication.
Adobe Flash Player (labeled Shockwave Flash in Internet Explorer and Firefox) is freeware for using content created on the Adobe Flash platform, including viewing multimedia contents, executing rich Internet applications, and streaming audio and video.
Advanced Audio Coding (AAC) is a proprietary audio coding standard for lossy digital audio compression.
AIMP (Artem Izmaylov Media Player) is a freeware audio player for Windows and Android, originally developed by Russian developer Artem Izmaylov (Artyom Izmajlov).
An album cover is the front of the packaging of a commercially released audio recording product, or album.
Android is a mobile operating system developed by Google, based on a modified version of the Linux kernel and other open source software and designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets.
Apple Inc. is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Cupertino, California, that designs, develops, and sells consumer electronics, computer software, and online services.
Apple Lossless, also known as Apple Lossless Audio Codec (ALAC), or Apple Lossless Encoder (ALE), is an audio coding format, and its reference audio codec implementation, developed by Apple Inc. for lossless data compression of digital music.
Archos (stylized as ARCHOS) is a French multinational electronics company that was established in 1988 by Henri Crohas.
ATSC-M/H (Advanced Television Systems Committee - Mobile/Handheld) is a U.S. standard for mobile digital TV that allows TV broadcasts to be received by mobile devices.
An audio coding format (or sometimes audio compression format) is a content representation format for storage or transmission of digital audio (such as in digital television, digital radio and in audio and video files).
MPEG-4 Audio Lossless Coding, also known as MPEG-4 ALS, is an extension to the MPEG-4 Part 3 audio standard to allow lossless audio compression.
An audio signal is a representation of sound, typically as an electrical voltage for analog signals and a binary number for digital signals.
Backward compatibility is a property of a system, product, or technology that allows for interoperability with an older legacy system, or with input designed for such a system, especially in telecommunications and computing.
Bada (stylized as bada; Korean: 바다) is a discontinued operating system for mobile devices such as smartphones and tablet computers.
In computing, bandwidth is the maximum rate of data transfer across a given path.
Nokia Bell Labs (formerly named AT&T Bell Laboratories, Bell Telephone Laboratories and Bell Labs) is an American research and scientific development company, owned by Finnish company Nokia.
BenQ-Siemens was the mobile communications subsidiary of Taiwanese BenQ Corp.
In telecommunications and computing, bit rate (bitrate or as a variable R) is the number of bits that are conveyed or processed per unit of time.
BlackBerry is a line of smartphones, tablets, and services originally designed and marketed by Canadian company BlackBerry Limited (formerly known as Research In Motion, or RIM).
BlackBerry 10 is a proprietary mobile operating system for the BlackBerry line of smartphones, both developed by BlackBerry Limited (formerly Research In Motion).
BlackBerry OS is a proprietary mobile operating system developed by BlackBerry Limited for its BlackBerry line of smartphone handheld devices.
Chromecast is a line of digital media players developed by Google.
Code-excited linear prediction (CELP) is a speech coding algorithm originally proposed by M. R. Schroeder and B. S. Atal in 1985.
A codec is a device or computer program for encoding or decoding a digital data stream or signal.
A command-line interface or command language interpreter (CLI), also known as command-line user interface, console user interface and character user interface (CUI), is a means of interacting with a computer program where the user (or client) issues commands to the program in the form of successive lines of text (command lines).
The following tables compare general and technical information for a variety of audio coding formats.
CoreAVC was a proprietary codec for decoding the H.264/MPEG-4 AVC (Advanced Video Coding) video format.
Cowon Systems, Inc. (KOSDAQ) is a South Korean consumer electronics and software corporation.
ZEN refers to the series of portable media player designed and manufactured by Creative Technology Limited, the names of which start with the word ZEN, e.g. ZEN, ZEN X-Fi.
In signal processing, data compression, source coding, or bit-rate reduction involves encoding information using fewer bits than the original representation.
Digital audio is audio, or simply sound, signal that has been recorded as or converted into digital form, where the sound wave of the audio signal is encoded as numerical samples in continuous sequence, typically at CD audio quality which is 16 bit sample depth over 44.1 thousand samples per second.
Digital audio broadcasting (DAB) is a digital radio standard for broadcasting digital audio radio services, used in many countries across Europe, Asia, and the Pacific.
Digital radio is the use of digital technology to transmit and/or receive across the radio spectrum.
Digital Radio Mondiale (DRM; mondiale being Italian and French for "worldwide") is a set of digital audio broadcasting technologies designed to work over the bands currently used for analogue radio broadcasting including AM broadcasting, particularly shortwave, and FM broadcasting.
Digital rights management (DRM) is a set of access control technologies for restricting the use of proprietary hardware and copyrighted works.
Digital Video Broadcasting (DVB) is a set of internationally open standards for digital television.
tags in this are generally true, just difficult to source due to the technical nature; don't remove unless 100% sure.
Dolby Laboratories, Inc. (often shortened to Dolby Labs) is a British-American company specializing in audio noise reduction and audio encoding/compression.
DVB-H (Digital Video Broadcasting - Handheld) is one of three prevalent mobile TV formats.
The European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) is an independent, not-for-profit, standardization organization in the telecommunications industry (equipment makers and network operators) in Europe, headquartered in Sophia-Antipolis, France, with worldwide projection.
FAAC or Freeware Advanced Audio Coder is a software project which includes the AAC encoder FAAC and decoder FAAD2.
FairPlay was a digital rights management (DRM) technology developed by Apple Inc. It is built into the MP4 multimedia file format as an encrypted AAC audio layer, and is used by the company to protect copyrighted works sold through iTunes Store, allowing only authorized devices to play the content.
ffdshow is a codec mainly used for decoding of video in the MPEG-4 ASP (e.g. encoded with DivX or Xvid) and H.264/MPEG-4 AVC video formats, but it supports numerous other video and audio formats as well.
FFmpeg is a free software project, the product of which is a vast software suite of libraries and programs for handling video, audio, and other multimedia files and streams.
File sharing is the practice of distributing or providing access to digital media, such as computer programs, multimedia (audio, images and video), documents or electronic books.
In signal processing, a filter bank is an array of band-pass filters that separates the input signal into multiple components, each one carrying a single frequency sub-band of the original signal.
In electronic systems and computing, firmware is a specific class of computer software that provides the low-level control for the device's specific hardware.
foobar2000 is a freeware audio player for Microsoft Windows, iOS and Android developed by Peter Pawłowski.
Fraunhofer FDK AAC (Full title Fraunhofer FDK AAC Codec Library for Android) is an open-source software library for encoding and decoding Advanced Audio Coding (AAC) format audio, developed by Fraunhofer IIS, and included as part of Android.
The Fraunhofer Society (Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft zur Förderung der angewandten Forschung e.V., "Fraunhofer Society for the Advancement of Applied Research") is a German research organization with 69institutes spread throughout Germany, each focusing on different fields of applied science (as opposed to the Max Planck Society, which works primarily on basic science).
Free and open-source software (FOSS) is software that can be classified as both free software and open-source software.
Free software or libre software is computer software distributed under terms that allow users to run the software for any purpose as well as to study, change, and distribute it and any adapted versions.
Freeware is software that is available for use at no monetary cost.
The GNU Lesser General Public License (LGPL) is a free software license published by the Free Software Foundation (FSF).
The graphical user interface (GUI), is a type of user interface that allows users to interact with electronic devices through graphical icons and visual indicators such as secondary notation, instead of text-based user interfaces, typed command labels or text navigation.
The GSM Association (commonly referred to as 'the GSMA' or Global System for Mobile Communications, originally Groupe Spécial Mobile) is an originally-European trade body that represents the interests of mobile network operators worldwide.
H.264 or MPEG-4 Part 10, Advanced Video Coding (MPEG-4 AVC) is a block-oriented motion-compensation-based video compression standard.
Harmonic and Individual Lines and Noise (HILN) is a parametric codec for audio.
Harmonic Vector Excitation Coding, abbreviated as HVXC is a speech coding algorithm specified in MPEG-4 Part 3 (MPEG-4 Audio) standard for very low bit rate speech coding.
The hertz (symbol: Hz) is the derived unit of frequency in the International System of Units (SI) and is defined as one cycle per second.
High-Efficiency Advanced Audio Coding (HE-AAC) is an audio coding format for lossy data compression of digital audio defined as an MPEG-4 Audio profile in ISO/IEC 14496-3.
The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC; in French: Commission électrotechnique internationale) is an international standards organization that prepares and publishes International Standards for all electrical, electronic and related technologies – collectively known as "electrotechnology".
The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is an international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations.
The International Telecommunication Union (ITU; Union Internationale des Télécommunications (UIT)), originally the International Telegraph Union (Union Télégraphique Internationale), is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) that is responsible for issues that concern information and communication technologies.
iPad is a line of tablet computers designed, developed and marketed by Apple Inc., which run the iOS mobile operating system.
iPhone is a line of smartphones designed and marketed by Apple Inc. The iPhone line of products use Apple's iOS mobile operating system software.
The iPod is a line of portable media players and multi-purpose pocket computers designed and marketed by Apple Inc. The first version was released on October 23, 2001, about months after the Macintosh version of iTunes was released.
The Integrated Services Digital Broadcasting (ISDB) (Japanese:, Tōgō dejitaru hōsō sābisu) is a Japanese standard for digital television (DTV) and digital radio used by the country's radio and television networks.
ISDB-T International, ISDB-Tb or SBTVD, short for Sistema Brasileiro de Televisão Digital (Brazilian Digital Television System), is a technical standard for digital television broadcast used in Brazil, Botswana, Peru, Argentina, Chile, Honduras, Venezuela, Ecuador, Costa Rica, Paraguay, Philippines, Bolivia, Nicaragua, El Salvador and Uruguay, based on the Japanese ISDB-T standard.
ISO base media file format (ISO/IEC 14496-12 – MPEG-4 Part 12) defines a general structure for time-based multimedia files such as video and audio.
iTunes is a media player, media library, Internet radio broadcaster, and mobile device management application developed by Apple Inc. It was announced on January 9, 2001.
The iTunes Store is a software-based online digital media store operated by Apple Inc. It opened on April 28, 2003, and has been the largest music vendor in the United States since April 2008, and the largest music vendor in the world since February 2010.
In audio engineering, joint refers to a joining of several channels of similar information in order to obtain higher quality, a smaller file size, or both.
The Kaiser window, also known as the Kaiser–Bessel window, was developed by James Kaiser at Bell Laboratories.
K-Multimedia Player (commonly known as The KMPlayer, KMPlayer or KMP) is a media player for Windows which can play a large number of formats including VCD, DVD, AVI, MKV, Ogg, OGM, 3GP, MPEG-1/2/4, AAC, WMA 7, 8, WMV, RealMedia, FLV and QuickTime.
Kodi (formerly XBMC) is a free and open-source media player software application developed by the XBMC Foundation, a non-profit technology consortium.
Libav is a free software project, forked from FFmpeg in 2011, that produces libraries and programs for handling multimedia data.
libavcodec is a free and open-source library of codecs for encoding and decoding video and audio data.
In computer science, a library is a collection of non-volatile resources used by computer programs, often for software development.
Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel.
The Livescribe paper-based computing platform consists of a digital pen, digital paper, software applications, and developer tools.
Logitech International S.A. (commonly referred to as Logitech or Logi; stylized as logitech, previously LOGITECH) is a Swiss provider of personal computer and mobile accessories, with its headquarters in Lausanne, Switzerland and administrative headquarters in Newark, California.
In information technology, lossy compression or irreversible compression is the class of data encoding methods that uses inexact approximations and partial data discarding to represent the content.
The low-frequency effects (LFE) channel is the name of an audio track specifically intended for deep, low-pitched sounds ranging from 3-120 Hz.
The Luhn mod N algorithm is an extension to the Luhn algorithm (also known as mod 10 algorithm) that allows it to work with sequences of non-numeric characters.
The Macintosh (pronounced as; branded as Mac since 1998) is a family of personal computers designed, manufactured, and sold by Apple Inc. since January 1984.
macOS (previously and later) is a series of graphical operating systems developed and marketed by Apple Inc. since 2001.
A media player is a computer program for playing multimedia files like videos, movies and music.
MediaCoder is a proprietary transcoding program for Microsoft Windows.
MediaMonkey for Windows (sometimes noted as MMW) is a digital media player and media library application developed by Ventis Media Inc., for organizing and playing audio on Microsoft Windows operating systems.
Microsoft Silverlight (or simply Silverlight) is a deprecated application framework for writing and running rich Internet applications, similar to Adobe Flash.
Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.
Mobile television is television watched on a small handheld or mobile device.
The modified discrete cosine transform (MDCT) is a lapped transform based on the type-IV discrete cosine transform (DCT-IV), with the additional property of being lapped: it is designed to be performed on consecutive blocks of a larger dataset, where subsequent blocks are overlapped so that the last half of one block coincides with the first half of the next block.
Motorola, Inc. was an American multinational telecommunications company founded on September 25, 1928, based in Schaumburg, Illinois.
The Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) is a working group of authorities that was formed by ISO and IEC to set standards for audio and video compression and transmission.
MP3 (formally MPEG-1 Audio Layer III or MPEG-2 Audio Layer III) is an audio coding format for digital audio.
MPEG transport stream (transport stream, MPEG-TS, MTS or TS) is a standard digital container format for transmission and storage of audio, video, and Program and System Information Protocol (PSIP) data.
MPEG-1 is a standard for lossy compression of video and audio.
MPEG-1 Audio Layer I, commonly abbreviated to MP1, is one of three audio formats included in the MPEG-1 standard.
MPEG-1 Audio Layer II or MPEG-2 Audio Layer II (MP2, sometimes incorrectly called Musicam or MUSICAM) is a lossy audio compression format defined by ISO/IEC 11172-3 alongside MPEG-1 Audio Layer I and MPEG-1 Audio Layer III (MP3).
MPEG-2 (a.k.a. H.222/H.262 as defined by the ITU) is a standard for "the generic coding of moving pictures and associated audio information".
MPEG-4 is a method of defining compression of audio and visual (AV) digital data.
MPEG-4 Part 14 or MP4 is a digital multimedia container format most commonly used to store video and audio, but it can also be used to store other data such as subtitles and still images.
MPEG-4 Part 3 or MPEG-4 Audio (formally ISO/IEC 14496-3) is the third part of the ISO/IEC MPEG-4 international standard developed by Moving Picture Experts Group.
MPEG-4 SLS, or MPEG-4 Scalable to Lossless as per ISO/IEC 14496-3:2005/Amd 3:2006 (Scalable Lossless Coding), is an extension to the MPEG-4 Part 3 (MPEG-4 Audio) standard to allow lossless audio compression scalable to lossy MPEG-4 General Audio coding methods (e.g., variations of AAC).
MPEG-4 Structured Audio is an ISO/IEC standard for describing sound.
MPlayer is a free and open media player software.
MusicBee is a freeware media player for playback and organization of audio files on Microsoft Windows, built using the audio library.
Napster, known as Rhapsody prior to June 14, 2016, is an online music store subscription service based in Seattle, Washington.
Nero AAC Codec is a set of software tools for encoding and decoding Advanced Audio Coding (AAC) format audio, and editing MPEG-4 metadata.
Nero AG (known as Ahead Software AG until 2005) is a German computer software company that is especially well known for its CD/DVD/BD burning suite, Nero Burning ROM, and is currently the global market leader for this recording software.
The Nintendo 3DS is a handheld game console produced by Nintendo.
The is a dual-screen handheld game console released by Nintendo.
Noise shaping is a technique typically used in digital audio, image, and video processing, usually in combination with dithering, as part of the process of quantization or bit-depth reduction of a digital signal.
Nokia is a Finnish multinational telecommunications, information technology, and consumer electronics company, founded in 1865.
The Nokia 5510 is a mobile phone announced on October 11, 2001.
The Nook Color is a tablet computer/e-reader that was marketed by Barnes & Noble.
The open-source model is a decentralized software-development model that encourages open collaboration.
Opus is a lossy audio coding format developed by the Xiph.Org Foundation and standardized by the Internet Engineering Task Force, designed to efficiently code speech and general audio in a single format, while remaining low-latency enough for real-time interactive communication and low-complexity enough for low-end embedded processors.
Palm OS (also known as Garnet OS) is a discontinued mobile operating system initially developed by Palm, Inc., for personal digital assistants (PDAs) in 1996.
Parametric Stereo (PS) is lossy audio compression algorithm and a feature and an Audio Object Type (AOT) defined and used in MPEG-4 Part 3 (MPEG-4 Audio) to further enhance efficiency in low bandwidth stereo media.
Peer-to-peer (P2P) computing or networking is a distributed application architecture that partitions tasks or workloads between peers.
A personal digital assistant (PDA), also known as a handheld PC, is a variety mobile device which functions as a personal information manager.
Koninklijke Philips N.V. (Philips, stylized as PHILIPS) is a Dutch multinational technology company headquartered in Amsterdam currently focused in the area of healthcare.
Philips GoGear is a series of small flash memory and hard drive-based personal electronic devices from Philips.
The PlayStation 3 (PS3) is a home video game console developed by Sony Computer Entertainment.
The PlayStation Portable (PSP) is a handheld game console developed by Sony Computer Entertainment.
The PlayStation Vita (officially abbreviated PS Vita or Vita) is a handheld game console developed and released by Sony Computer Entertainment.
A proprietary format is a file format of a company, organization, or individual that contains data that is ordered and stored according to a particular encoding-scheme, designed by the company or organization to be secret, such that the decoding and interpretation of this stored data is easily accomplished only with particular software or hardware that the company itself has developed.
A pseudorandom process is a process that appears to be random but is not.
Psychoacoustics is the scientific study of sound perception and audiology.
Quantization, in mathematics and digital signal processing, is the process of mapping input values from a large set (often a continuous set) to output values in a (countable) smaller set.
QuickTime is an extensible multimedia framework developed by Apple Inc., capable of handling various formats of digital video, picture, sound, panoramic images, and interactivity.
RealNetworks, Inc. is a provider of Internet streaming media delivery software and services based in Seattle, Washington, United States.
RealPlayer, formerly RealAudio Player, RealOne Player and RealPlayer G2, is a cross-platform media player app, developed by RealNetworks.
Rockbox is a free and open-source software replacement for the OEM firmware in various forms of digital audio players (DAPs) with an original kernel.
Royalty-free, or RF, refers to the right to use copyright material or intellectual property without the need to pay royalties or license fees for each use, per each copy or volume sold or some time period of use or sales.
In signal processing, sampling is the reduction of a continuous-time signal to a discrete-time signal.
Samsung is a South Korean multinational conglomerate headquartered in Samsung Town, Seoul.
Yepp was Samsung Electronics' digital audio player brand until Samsung decided to retire most of their family brands in February 2011.
The SanDisk Sansa is a line of 2- to 32-gigabyte flash memory-based portable media players produced by SanDisk.
(Epson being an abbreviation for "Son of Electronic Printer"), or simply Epson, is a Japanese electronics company and one of the world's largest manufacturers of computer printers, and information and imaging related equipment.
Series 40, often shortened as S40, is a software platform and application user interface (UI) software on Nokia's broad range of mid-tier feature phones, as well as on some of the Vertu line of luxury phones.
SHOUTcast DNAS is cross-platform proprietary software for streaming media over the Internet.
Slim Devices, Inc. was a consumer electronics company based in Mountain View, California, United States.
Songbird is a discontinued music player originally released in early 2006 with the stated mission "to incubate Songbird, the first Web player, to catalyze and champion a diverse, open Media Web".
SonicStage is the name for Sony software that is used for managing portable devices when they are plugged into a computer running Microsoft Windows.
Sonos is an American consumer electronics company founded in 2002 by John MacFarlane, Craig Shelburne, Tom Cullen and Trung Mai, based in Santa Barbara, California.
is a Japanese multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Kōnan, Minato, Tokyo.
The Sony Ericsson K610i is a 3G phone that Sony Ericsson announced at the 3GSM World Congress on February 13, 2006.
The Sony Ericsson K700 was introduced in 2004 as a high-end mobile phone, and as a successor to the T630.
Sony Ericsson P990 is a smartphone and the successor of Sony Ericsson P910.
Sony Ericsson W600 is Sony Ericsson's second phone with a swivel design.
The Sony Ericsson W890i is a high-end mobile phone released on March 3, 2008.
Sony Mobile Communications Inc. is a multinational telecommunications company founded on October 1, 2001 as a joint venture between Sony and Ericsson, headquartered in Tokyo, Japan and wholly owned by Sony.
The Sony Reader was a line of e-book readers manufactured by Sony, who invented the first commercial E Ink e-reader with the Sony Librie in 2004.
SoundBridge is a remote hardware device from Roku, Inc. designed to play Internet radio or digital audio streamed to it across a home network, either Wi-Fi or Ethernet.
In computing, source code is any collection of code, possibly with comments, written using a human-readable programming language, usually as plain text.
Spectral band replication (SBR) is a technology to enhance audio or speech codecs, especially at low bit rates and is based on harmonic redundancy in the frequency domain.
The Fourier transform of a function of time, s(t), is a complex-valued function of frequency, S(f), often referred to as a frequency spectrum.
Speech synthesis is the artificial production of human speech.
Squeezebox is a network music player from Logitech.
In mathematics and statistics, a stationary process (a strict/strictly stationary process or strong/strongly stationary process) is a stochastic process whose unconditional joint probability distribution does not change when shifted in time.
Stereophonic sound or, more commonly, stereo, is a method of sound reproduction that creates an illusion of multi-directional audible perspective.
The Core Pocket Media Player (TCPMP) is a software media player which operates on portable devices and Windows-based PCs.
In acoustics and audio, a transient is a high amplitude, short-duration sound at the beginning of a waveform that occurs in phenomena such as musical sounds, noises or speech.
In data compression and psychoacoustics, transparency is the result of lossy data compression accurate enough that the compressed result is perceptually indistinguishable from the uncompressed input.
TwinVQ (transform-domain weighted interleave vector quantization) is an audio compression technique developed by Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation (NTT) Human Interface Laboratories (now Cyber Space Laboratories) in 1994.
Variable bitrate (VBR) is a term used in telecommunications and computing that relates to the bitrate used in sound or video encoding.
VLC media player (commonly known as VLC) is a free and open-source, portable, cross-platform media player and streaming media server developed by the VideoLAN project.
Vorbis is a free and open-source software project headed by the Xiph.Org Foundation.
Walkman is a Sony brand tradename, originally used for portable audio cassette players from the late 1970s onwards.
Waveform Audio File Format (WAVE, or more commonly known as WAV due to its filename extension - both pronounced "wave") (rarely, Audio for Windows) is a Microsoft and IBM audio file format standard for storing an audio bitstream on PCs.
webOS, also known as LG webOS and previously known as Open webOS, HP webOS and Palm webOS, is a Linux kernel-based multitasking operating system for smart devices such as smart TVs and it has been used as a mobile operating system.
Wideband audio, also known as wideband voice or HD voice, is high definition voice quality for telephony audio, contrasted with standard digital telephony "toll quality".
The Wii is a home video game console released by Nintendo on November 19, 2006.
The (known internally as the System Menu) is the graphical shell of the Wii game console, as part of the Wii system software.
Winamp is a media player for Windows, macOS and Android, originally developed by Justin Frankel and Dmitry Boldyrev by their company Nullsoft, which they later sold to AOL in 1999 for $80 million.
Windows 7 (codenamed Vienna, formerly Blackcomb) is a personal computer operating system developed by Microsoft.
Windows Media Player (WMP) is a media player and media library application developed by Microsoft that is used for playing audio, video and viewing images on personal computers running the Microsoft Windows operating system, as well as on Pocket PC and Windows Mobile-based devices.
Windows Mobile is a discontinued family of mobile operating systems developed by Microsoft for smartphones and Pocket PCs.
Windows Phone (WP) is a family of discontinued mobile operating systems developed by Microsoft for smartphones as the replacement successor to Windows Mobile and Zune.
The Xbox 360 is a home video game console developed by Microsoft.
Xbox Live is an online multiplayer gaming and digital media delivery service created and operated by Microsoft.
xine is a multimedia playback engine for Unix-like operating systems released under the GNU General Public License.
X Multimedia System (XMMS) is an audio player for Unix-like systems released under a free software license.
XpressMusic was a brand name for a line of Nokia phones that were specially designed for music playback.
YouTube is an American video-sharing website headquartered in San Bruno, California.
Zune is a discontinued brand of digital media products and services marketed by Microsoft.
3GP (3GPP file format) is a multimedia container format defined by the Third Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) for 3G UMTS multimedia services.
3ivx is a video codec suite, created by 3ivx Technologies, based in Sydney, Australia, that allows the creation of MPEG-4 compliant data streams.
5.1 surround sound ("five-point one") is the common name for six channel surround sound audio systems.
.AAC, .aac, AAC file, AAC format, AAC-LC, ADTS, Advanced Audio Codec, Advanced audio coding, Apple Audio Codec, LATM, LC-AAC, LOAS, Low Complexity Advanced Audio Coding, Low-Complexity Advanced Audio Coding, MPEG-2 AAC, MPEG-2 NBC, MPEG-2 Part 7, MPEG-4 AAC, Mp4a, Protected AAC.