320 relations: ABC News, Abu Dhabi, Acer Inc., Adreno, Advanced Host Controller Interface, Advanced Micro Devices, Alchemy (microarchitecture), Am386, Am486, Am5x86, AMD 10h, AMD 580 chipset series, AMD 690 chipset series, AMD 700 chipset series, AMD 800 chipset series, AMD Accelerated Processing Unit, AMD Am2900, AMD Am29000, AMD Am9080, AMD APP SDK, AMD CodeAnalyst, AMD Core Math Library, AMD CrossFireX, AMD Dragon, AMD Eyefinity, AMD FirePro, AMD FireStream, AMD FX, AMD K12, AMD K5, AMD K6, AMD Phenom, AMD Quad FX platform, AMD Radeon Software Crimson, AMD Spider, AMD TrueAudio, American Experience, AnandTech, Arbitration, ARM architecture, ARM Cortex-A57, Ars Technica, ASMedia, Associated Press, Asus, Athlon, Athlon 64, Athlon 64 X2, ATI Technologies, Austin, Texas, ..., Bill Gaede, Binary multiplier, Bipolar junction transistor, Bit slicing, Bloomberg Businessweek, Bloomberg L.P., Bobcat (microarchitecture), Broadcom Inc., California, Central processing unit, Chairman, Chief executive officer, Chipset, Clean room design, CMOS, CNET, CodeXL, Compaq, Computex, Condé Nast, Conflict resource, Consumer, Cool'n'Quiet, Coreboot, Cross-licensing, Cyrix, DDR2 SDRAM, DDR3 SDRAM, DDR4 SDRAM, DEC Alpha, Delaware, Dell, Device driver, Digital Visual Interface, Dirk Meyer, Dot-com bubble, Dumping (pricing policy), Duron, Dynamic random-access memory, Edwin Turney, Eighth generation of video game consoles, Electrical engineering, Embedded system, Emirate of Abu Dhabi, Enough Project, EPROM, Epyc, Excavator (microarchitecture), Fabless manufacturing, Fairchild Semiconductor, Fiscal year, Flash memory, Floating-point unit, Fortune (magazine), Fortune 500, Framewave, Free and open-source graphics device driver, FreeSync, Frequency-shift keying, Fujitsu, General-purpose computing on graphics processing units, Geode (processor), GlobalFoundries, Gordon Moore, Graphics Core Next, Graphics processing unit, Guinness World Records, Harvard Journal of Law & Technology, HDMI, Hector Ruiz, Heterogeneous System Architecture, Hewlett-Packard, HotHardware, HSA Foundation, Hyper-threading, HyperTransport, IBM, IBM PC compatible, IBM Personal Computer, India, InfoWorld, Instruction set architecture, Instructions per cycle, Integrated circuit, Intel, Intel 4004, Intel 80186, Intel 80286, Intel 80386, Intel 8080, Intel 8086, Intel 8088, Intel Core 2, ITU-T, Jack Gifford, Jaguar (microarchitecture), Jerry Sanders (businessman), Jim Keller (engineer), Kryptonite, Laptop, Lenovo, Linux, Lisa Su, List of AMD accelerated processing unit microprocessors, List of AMD chipsets, List of AMD graphics processing units, List of AMD microprocessors, List of ATI chipsets, List of computer hardware manufacturers, M.2, Manila, MediaGX, Michael S. Malone, Microcode, Microcomputer, Microprocessor, Microsoft, Microsoft Windows, MIL-STD-883, MIPS architecture, MMX (instruction set), MOSFET, Motherboard, Motorola, Mubadala Investment Company, Multi-chip module, Multi-core processor, Multi-monitor, Multinational corporation, National Semiconductor, New York Stock Exchange, NexGen, Nintendo, Northbridge (computing), Nvidia, NVM Express, OCZ, OLPC XO, One Laptop per Child, Open architecture, Open Platform Management Architecture, Open-source model, Open64, OpenSolaris, Opteron, Original equipment manufacturer, Overclocking, Patriot Memory, PBS, PC Magazine, PCI Express, Penang, Pentium, Pentium II, Phenom II, Piledriver (microarchitecture), PlayStation 4, Portable media player, PowerNow!, Profiling (computer programming), Proprietary software, Public company, Puma (microarchitecture), Purch Group, Qualcomm, Radeon, Radeon HD 4000 series, Radeon HD 7000 Series, Radeon Instinct, Radeon Pro, Random-access memory, Reduced instruction set computer, Reverse engineering, Robert Noyce, Rory Read, Ryzen, S&P 500 Index, Samsung, San Antonio, San Francisco Chronicle, Santa Clara County, California, Santa Clara, California, Schottky barrier, SeaMicro, Second source, Semiconductor, Semiconductor fabrication plant, Semiconductor industry, Sempron, Serial ATA, Server (computing), Shift register, Siemens, Silicon Integrated Systems, Silicon on insulator, Silicon Valley Historical Association, Simultaneous multithreading, Slot 1, Slot A, Socket 7, Socket A, Socket AM2+, Socket AM3, Socket FM1, Solid-state drive, Sony, Spansion, Spectre (security vulnerability), SSE5, Stanford University, Static random-access memory, Steamroller (microarchitecture), Stock, Subpoena, Sun Microsystems, Sun xVM, Sunnyvale, California, Supercomputer, Superman, Supreme Court of California, System on a chip, Tape-out, Telecommunication, Telecommunications industry, TeraScale (microarchitecture), The Green Grid, The New Yorker, The Wall Street Journal, Thermal design power, Thunderbolt (interface), TiVo Corporation, Tom's Hardware, Toshiba, Transition-minimized differential signaling, TSMC, U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, Ultra-mobile PC, Unified shader model, Unified Video Decoder, United States, United States antitrust law, United States dollar, Very long instruction word, VIA Technologies, Video Coding Engine, Video Electronics Standards Association, Watt, Wii U, Workstation, X.Org Foundation, X86, X86-64, Xbox 360, Xbox One, Xilleon, Xpress 200, Xpress 3200, Zen (microarchitecture), Zen+, Zilog, Zilog Z8000, 22 nanometer, 32 nanometer, 3DNow!, 4-bit, 45 nanometer, 50x15 (AMD), 64-bit computing, 65-nanometer process, 90 nanometer. 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ABC News is the news division of the American Broadcasting Company (ABC), owned by the Disney Media Networks division of The Walt Disney Company.
Abu Dhabi (أبو ظبي) is the capital and the second most populous city of the United Arab Emirates (the most populous being Dubai), and also capital of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi, the largest of the UAE's seven emirates.
Acer Inc. (lit. Hongji Corporation Ltd.) is a Taiwanese multinational hardware and electronics corporation, specializing in advanced electronics technology, headquartered in Xizhi, New Taipei City, Taiwan.
Adreno is a series of graphics processing unit (GPU) semiconductor intellectual property cores developed by Qualcomm and used in a variety of their SoCs.
The Advanced Host Controller Interface (AHCI) is a technical standard defined by Intel that specifies the operation of Serial ATA (SATA) host bus adapters in a non-implementation-specific manner.
Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. (AMD) is an American multinational semiconductor company based in Santa Clara, California, that develops computer processors and related technologies for business and consumer markets.
The Alchemy (microarchitecture) is a low power microprocessor design developed by Alchemy Semiconductor implementing the MIPS32 instruction set by MIPS Technologies.
The Am386 CPU is a 100%-compatible clone of the Intel 80386 design released by AMD in 1991.
The Am486 is a 80486-class family of computer processors that was produced by AMD in the 1990s.
The Am5x86 processor is an x86-compatible CPU introduced in 1995 by AMD for use in 486-class computer systems.
The AMD Family 10h, or K10, is a microprocessor microarchitecture by AMD based on the K8 microarchitecture.
AMD 580 chipset series is a computer chipset series designed by the AMD Graphics Product Group, for the AMD processors.
The AMD 690 chipset series is an integrated graphics chipset family which was developed and manufactured by AMD subsidiary ATI for both AMD and Intel platforms focusing on both desktop and mobile computing markets.
The AMD 700 chipset series (also called as AMD 7-Series Chipsets) is a set of chipsets designed by ATI for AMD Phenom processors to be sold under the AMD brand.
The AMD 800 chipset series is a set of chipsets developed by AMD, released in 2009.
The AMD Accelerated Processing Unit (APU), formerly known as Fusion, is the marketing term for a series of 64-bit microprocessors from Advanced Micro Devices (AMD), designed to act as a central processing unit (CPU) and graphics accelerator unit (GPU) on a single die.
Am2900 is a family of integrated circuits (ICs) created in 1975 by Advanced Micro Devices (AMD).
The AMD Am29000 (commonly shortened to 29k) is a family of 32-bit RISC microprocessors and microcontrollers developed and fabricated by Advanced Micro Devices (AMD).
Am9080 is a CPU manufactured by AMD.
AMD APP SDK is an software development kit by AMD for "Accelerated Parallel Processing" (APP).
AMD CodeAnalyst is a GUI-based code profiler for x86 and x86-64-based machines.
AMD Core Math Library (ACML) is an end-of-life software development library released by AMD.
AMD CrossFire (also known as CrossFireX) is a brand name for the multi-GPU technology by Advanced Micro Devices, originally developed by ATI Technologies.
AMD Dragon is a platform engineered for gamers, designed for use with the AMD Phenom II X4 processor family.
AMD Eyefinity is a brand name for AMD video card products that support multi-monitor setups by integrating multiple (up to six) display controllers on one GPU.
AMD FirePro was AMD's brand of graphics cards intended for use in workstations and servers running professional Computer-aided design (CAD), Computer-generated imagery (CGI), Digital content creation (DCC), and High-performance computing/GPGPU applications.
AMD FireStream was AMD's brand name for their Radeon-based product line targeting stream processing and/or GPGPU in supercomputers.
AMD FX is a series of high-end AMD microprocessors for personal computers debuted in 2011, claimed as AMD's first native 8-core desktop processor.
K12 was to be AMD's first custom microarchitecture based on the ARMv8-A (AArch64) instruction set with a planned release in 2017.
The K5 is AMD's first x86 processor to be developed entirely in-house.
The K6 microprocessor was launched by AMD in 1997.
Phenom is the 64-bit AMD desktop processor line based on the K10 microarchitecture, in what AMD calls family 10h (10 hex, i.e. 16 in normal decimal numbers) processors, sometimes incorrectly called "K10h".
The AMD Quad FX platform is an AMD platform targeted at enthusiasts which allows users to plug two Socket F Athlon 64 FX or 2-way Opteron processors (CPUs) into a single motherboard for a total of four physical cores.
AMD Radeon Software (formerly named ATI Catalyst and AMD Catalyst) is a device driver and utility software package for Advanced Micro Devices's graphics cards and APUs.
The AMD Spider platform consists of enthusiast level products from AMD, including AMD Phenom X4 9000 series processors, ATI Radeon HD 3800 series GPUs, and the AMD 7 series chipset.
TrueAudio is the name given to AMD's ASIC intended to serve as dedicated co-processor for the calculations of computationally expensive advanced audio effects, like e.g. convolution reverberation effects and 3D audio effects.
American Experience is a television program airing on Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) television stations in the United States.
AnandTech is an online computer hardware magazine.
Arbitration, a form of alternative dispute resolution (ADR), is a way to resolve disputes outside the courts.
ARM, previously Advanced RISC Machine, originally Acorn RISC Machine, is a family of reduced instruction set computing (RISC) architectures for computer processors, configured for various environments.
The ARM Cortex-A57 is a microarchitecture implementing the ARMv8-A 64-bit instruction set designed by ARM Holdings.
Ars Technica (a Latin-derived term that the site translates as the "art of technology") is a website covering news and opinions in technology, science, politics, and society, created by Ken Fisher and Jon Stokes in 1998.
ASMedia Technology Inc. is a Taiwanese integrated circuit design company owned by Asus.
The Associated Press (AP) is a U.S.-based not-for-profit news agency headquartered in New York City.
AsusTek Computer Inc. (stylised as ASUSTeK or ΛSUS) is a Taiwanese multinational computer and phone hardware and electronics company headquartered in Beitou District, Taipei, Taiwan.
Athlon is the brand name applied to a series of x86-compatible microprocessors designed and manufactured by Advanced Micro Devices (AMD).
The Athlon 64 is an eighth-generation, AMD64-architecture microprocessor produced by AMD, released on September 23, 2003.
The Athlon 64 X2 is the first native dual-core desktop CPU designed by AMD.
ATI Technologies Inc. (commonly called ATI) was a semiconductor technology corporation based in Markham, Ontario, Canada, that specialized in the development of graphics processing units and chipsets.
Austin is the capital of the U.S. state of Texas and the seat of Travis County, with portions extending into Hays and Williamson counties.
Guillermo "Bill" Gaede (born November 19, 1952) is an Argentine engineer and programmer who is best known for Cold War industrial spying conducted while he worked at Advanced Micro Devices (AMD) and Intel Corporation (Intel).
A binary multiplier is an electronic circuit used in digital electronics, such as a computer, to multiply two binary numbers.
Bit slicing is a technique for constructing a processor from modules of processors of smaller bit width, for the purpose of increasing the word length; in theory to make an arbitrary n-bit CPU.
Bloomberg Businessweek is an American weekly business magazine published by Bloomberg L.P. Businessweek was founded in 1929.
Bloomberg L.P. is a privately held financial, software, data, and media company headquartered in Midtown Manhattan, New York City.
The AMD Bobcat Family 14h is a microarchitecture created by AMD for its AMD APUs, aimed at a low-power/low-cost market.
Broadcom Inc. (formerly Avago Technologies) is a designer, developer and global supplier of products based on analog and digital semiconductor technologies within four primary markets: wired infrastructure, wireless communications, enterprise storage, and industrial & others.
California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States.
A central processing unit (CPU) is the electronic circuitry within a computer that carries out the instructions of a computer program by performing the basic arithmetic, logical, control and input/output (I/O) operations specified by the instructions.
The chairman (also chairperson, chairwoman or chair) is the highest officer of an organized group such as a board, a committee, or a deliberative assembly.
Chief executive officer (CEO) is the position of the most senior corporate officer, executive, administrator, or other leader in charge of managing an organization especially an independent legal entity such as a company or nonprofit institution.
In a computer system, a chipset is a set of electronic components in an integrated circuit known as a "Data Flow Management System" that manages the data flow between the processor, memory and peripherals.
Clean-room design (also known as the Chinese wall technique) is the method of copying a design by reverse engineering and then recreating it without infringing any of the copyrights associated with the original design.
Complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor, abbreviated as CMOS, is a technology for constructing integrated circuits.
CNET (stylized as c|net) is an American media website that publishes reviews, news, articles, blogs, podcasts and videos on technology and consumer electronics globally.
CodeXL (formerly AMD CodeXL) is an open-source software development tool suite that includes a GPU debugger, a GPU profiler, a CPU profiler, Graphics frame analyzer and a static shader/kernel analyzer.
Compaq (a portmanteau of Compatibility And Quality; occasionally referred to as CQ prior to its final logo) was a company founded in 1982 that developed, sold, and supported computers and related products and services.
COMPUTEX Taipei, or Taipei International Information Technology Show, is a computer expo held annually in Taipei, Taiwan.
Condé Nast Inc. is an American mass media company founded in 1909 by Condé Montrose Nast, based at One World Trade Center and owned by Advance Publications.
Conflict resources are natural resources extracted in a conflict zone and sold to perpetuate the fighting.
A consumer is a person or organization that use economic services or commodities.
AMD Cool'n'Quiet is a CPU dynamic frequency scaling and power saving technology introduced by AMD with its Athlon 64 processor line.
coreboot, formerly known as LinuxBIOS, is a software project aimed at replacing proprietary firmware (BIOS or UEFI) found in most computers with a lightweight firmware designed to perform only the minimum number of tasks necessary to load and run a modern 32-bit or 64-bit operating system.
A cross-licensing agreement is a contract between two or more parties where each party grants rights to their intellectual property to the other parties.
Cyrix Corporation was a microprocessor developer that was founded in 1988 in Richardson, Texas, as a specialist supplier of math coprocessors for 286 and 386 microprocessors.
DDR2 SDRAM is a double data rate synchronous dynamic random-access memory interface.
Double data rate type three SDRAM (DDR3 SDRAM) is a type of synchronous dynamic random-access memory (SDRAM) with a high bandwidth ("double data rate") interface, and has been in use since 2007.
In computing, DDR4 SDRAM, an abbreviation for double data rate fourth-generation synchronous dynamic random-access memory, is a type of synchronous dynamic random-access memory (SDRAM) with a high bandwidth ("double data rate") interface.
Alpha, originally known as Alpha AXP, is a 64-bit reduced instruction set computing (RISC) instruction set architecture (ISA) developed by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC), designed to replace their 32-bit VAX complex instruction set computer (CISC) ISA.
Delaware is one of the 50 states of the United States, in the Mid-Atlantic or Northeastern region.
Dell (stylized as DELL) is an American multinational computer technology company based in Round Rock, Texas, United States, that develops, sells, repairs, and supports computers and related products and services.
In computing, a device driver is a computer program that operates or controls a particular type of device that is attached to a computer.
Digital Visual Interface (DVI) is a video display interface developed by the Digital Display Working Group (DDWG).
Derrick R. "Dirk" Meyer (born November 24, 1961) was a former Chief Executive Officer of Advanced Micro Devices, serving in the position from July 18, 2008 to January 10, 2011.
The dot-com bubble (also known as the dot-com boom, the dot-com crash, the Y2K crash, the Y2K bubble, the tech bubble, the Internet bubble, the dot-com collapse, and the information technology bubble) was a historic economic bubble and period of excessive speculation that occurred roughly from 1997 to 2001, a period of extreme growth in the usage and adaptation of the Internet.
Dumping, in economics, is a kind of injuring pricing, especially in the context of international trade.
AMD Duron refers to a line of budget x86-compatible microprocessors manufactured by AMD.
Dynamic random-access memory (DRAM) is a type of random access semiconductor memory that stores each bit of data in a separate tiny capacitor within an integrated circuit.
Edwin James Turney (March 26, 1929, Brooklyn, New York - October 15, 2008) is best known as one of the founders of Advanced Micro Devices serving as the Vice President of Sales and Administration from 1969 to 1974.
In the history of video games, the eighth generation includes consoles released since by Nintendo, Microsoft, and Sony.
Electrical engineering is a professional engineering discipline that generally deals with the study and application of electricity, electronics, and electromagnetism.
An embedded system is a computer system with a dedicated function within a larger mechanical or electrical system, often with real-time computing constraints.
The Emirate of Abu Dhabi (or; إمارة أبوظبي), is one of seven emirates that constitute the United Arab Emirates (UAE).
The Enough Project is a Washington, D.C. based non-profit organization that was founded in 2007.
An EPROM (rarely EROM), or erasable programmable read-only memory, is a type of memory chip that retains its data when its power supply is switched off.
Epyc is AMD's x86 server processor line based on the company's Zen microarchitecture.
AMD Excavator Family 15h is a microarchitecture developed by AMD to succeed Steamroller Family 15h for use in AMD APU processors.
Fabless manufacturing is the design and sale of hardware devices and semiconductor chips while outsourcing the fabrication (or "fab") of the devices to a specialized manufacturer called a semiconductor foundry.
Fairchild Semiconductor International, Inc. was an American semiconductor company based in San Jose, California.
A fiscal year (or financial year, or sometimes budget year) is the period used by governments for accounting and budget purposes, which vary between countries.
Flash memory is an electronic (solid-state) non-volatile computer storage medium that can be electrically erased and reprogrammed.
A floating-point unit (FPU, colloquially a math coprocessor) is a part of a computer system specially designed to carry out operations on floating point numbers.
Fortune is an American multinational business magazine headquartered in New York City, United States.
The Fortune 500 is an annual list compiled and published by Fortune magazine that ranks 500 of the largest United States corporations by total revenue for their respective fiscal years.
Framewave (formerly AMD Performance Library (APL)) is computer software, a high-performance optimized programming library, consisting of low level application programming interfaces (APIs) for image processing, signal processing, JPEG, and video functions.
A free and open-source graphics device driver is a software stack which controls computer-graphics hardware and supports graphics-rendering application programming interfaces (APIs) and is released under a free and open-source software license.
FreeSync is the brand name for an adaptive synchronization technology for LCD displays that support a dynamic refresh rate aimed at reducing tearing and stuttering caused by misalignment with content's frame rate.
Frequency-shift keying (FSK) is a frequency modulation scheme in which digital information is transmitted through discrete frequency changes of a carrier signal.
is a Japanese multinational information technology equipment and services company headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.
General-purpose computing on graphics processing units (GPGPU, rarely GPGP) is the use of a graphics processing unit (GPU), which typically handles computation only for computer graphics, to perform computation in applications traditionally handled by the central processing unit (CPU).
Geode is a series of x86-compatible system-on-a-chip microprocessors and I/O companions produced by AMD, targeted at the embedded computing market.
GlobalFoundries is an American semiconductor foundry headquartered in Santa Clara, California, United States.
Gordon Earle Moore (born January 3, 1929) is an American businessman, engineer, co-founder and chairman emeritus of Intel Corporation, and the author of Moore's law.
Graphics Core Next (GCN) is the codename for both a series of microarchitectures as well as for an instruction set.
A graphics processing unit (GPU) is a specialized electronic circuit designed to rapidly manipulate and alter memory to accelerate the creation of images in a frame buffer intended for output to a display device.
Guinness World Records, known from its inception in 1955 until 2000 as The Guinness Book of Records and in previous United States editions as The Guinness Book of World Records, is a reference book published annually, listing world records both of human achievements and the extremes of the natural world.
The Harvard Journal of Law & Technology is a biannual open access law journal, established at Harvard Law School in 1988.
HDMI (High-Definition Multimedia Interface) is a proprietary audio/video interface for transmitting uncompressed video data and compressed or uncompressed digital audio data from an HDMI-compliant source device, such as a display controller, to a compatible computer monitor, video projector, digital television, or digital audio device.
Hector de Jesus Ruiz Cardenas (born December 25, 1945) is the chairman and CEO of and former CEO & executive chairman of semiconductor company Advanced Micro Devices, Inc. (AMD).
Heterogeneous System Architecture (HSA) is a cross-vendor set of specifications that allow for the integration of central processing units and graphics processors on the same bus, with shared memory and tasks.
The Hewlett-Packard Company (commonly referred to as HP) or shortened to Hewlett-Packard was an American multinational information technology company headquartered in Palo Alto, California.
HotHardware is an online publication about computer hardware, consumer electronics and related technologies, mobile computing and PC gaming.
The HSA Foundation is a not-for-profit engineering organization of industry and academia that works on the development of the Heterogeneous System Architecture (HSA), a set of royalty-free computer hardware specifications, as well as open source software development tools needed to use HSA features in application software.
Hyper-threading (officially called Hyper-Threading Technology or HT Technology, and abbreviated as HTT or HT) is Intel's proprietary simultaneous multithreading (SMT) implementation used to improve parallelization of computations (doing multiple tasks at once) performed on x86 microprocessors.
HyperTransport (HT), formerly known as Lightning Data Transport (LDT), is a technology for interconnection of computer processors.
The International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) is an American multinational technology company headquartered in Armonk, New York, United States, with operations in over 170 countries.
IBM PC compatible computers are computers similar to the original IBM PC, XT, and AT, able to use the same software and expansion cards.
The IBM Personal Computer, commonly known as the IBM PC, is the original version and progenitor of the IBM PC compatible hardware platform.
India (IAST), also called the Republic of India (IAST), is a country in South Asia.
InfoWorld (formerly The Intelligent Machines Journal) is an information technology media business.
An instruction set architecture (ISA) is an abstract model of a computer.
In computer architecture, instructions per cycle (IPC) is one aspect of a processor's performance: the average number of instructions executed for each clock cycle.
An integrated circuit or monolithic integrated circuit (also referred to as an IC, a chip, or a microchip) is a set of electronic circuits on one small flat piece (or "chip") of semiconductor material, normally silicon.
Intel Corporation (stylized as intel) is an American multinational corporation and technology company headquartered in Santa Clara, California, in the Silicon Valley.
The Intel 4004 is a 4-bit central processing unit (CPU) released by Intel Corporation in 1971.
The Intel 80186, also known as the iAPX 186, or just 186, is a microprocessor and microcontroller introduced in 1982.
The Intel 80286 (also marketed as the iAPX 286 and often called Intel 286) is a 16-bit microprocessor that was introduced on 1 February 1982.
The Intel 80386, also known as i386 or just 386, is a 32-bit microprocessor introduced in 1985.
The Intel 8080 ("eighty-eighty") was the second 8-bit microprocessor designed and manufactured by Intel and was released in April 1974.
The 8086 (also called iAPX 86) is a 16-bit microprocessor chip designed by Intel between early 1976 and mid-1978, when it was released.
The Intel 8088 ("eighty-eighty-eight", also called iAPX 88) microprocessor is a variant of the Intel 8086.
Core 2 is a brand encompassing a range of Intel's consumer 64-bit x86-64 single-, dual-, and quad-core microprocessors based on the Core microarchitecture.
The ITU Telecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU-T) is one of the three sectors (divisions or units) of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU); it coordinates standards for telecommunications.
John "Jack" F. Gifford (January 11, 1941 – January 11, 2009) was an American engineer and businessman best known as a founder and former CEO, President and Chairman of the Board of Maxim Integrated Products, an analog semi-conductor company, located in San Jose, California.
The AMD Jaguar Family 16h is a low-power microarchitecture designed by AMD, and used in APUs succeeding the Bobcat Family microarchitecture in 2013 and being succeeded by AMD's Puma architecture in 2014.
Walter Jeremiah Sanders III (born September 12, 1936) is an American businessman and is a co-founder and was a long-time CEO of the American semiconductor manufacturer Advanced Micro Devices (AMD).
Jim Keller is a microprocessor engineer best known for his work at AMD and Apple.
Kryptonite is a fictional substance and the most well-known weakness of DC Comics' superhero Superman.
A laptop, also called a notebook computer or just notebook, is a small, portable personal computer with a "clamshell" form factor, having, typically, a thin LCD or LED computer screen mounted on the inside of the upper lid of the "clamshell" and an alphanumeric keyboard on the inside of the lower lid.
Lenovo Group Ltd. or Lenovo PC International, often shortened to Lenovo (formerly stylized as lenovo), is a Chinese multinational technology company with headquarters in Beijing, China and Morrisville, North Carolina.
Linux is a family of free and open-source software operating systems built around the Linux kernel.
Lisa Su (born 1969) is a Taiwanese-American business executive and electrical engineer, and the CEO and president of Advanced Micro Devices (AMD).
This is a list of microprocessors designed by Advanced Micro Devices, under the AMD Accelerated Processing Unit product series.
This is an overview of chipsets sold under the brand AMD, manufactured before May 2004 by the company itself, before the adoption of open platform approach as well as chipsets manufactured by ATI Technologies (ATI) after July 2006 as the completion of the ATI acquisition.
This page contains general information about GPUs and video cards by Advanced Micro Devices (AMD), including those by ATI Technologies before 2006, based on official specifications in table form.
This article gives a list of Advanced Micro Devices (AMD) microprocessors, sorted by generation and release year.
This is a comparison of chipsets, manufactured by ATI Technologies.
Below is a list of notable computer hardware manufacturers.
M.2, formerly known as the Next Generation Form Factor (NGFF), is a specification from 2013 for internally mounted computer expansion cards and associated connectors.
Manila (Maynilà, or), officially the City of Manila (Lungsod ng Maynilà), is the capital of the Philippines and the most densely populated city proper in the world.
The MediaGX CPU is an x86 compatible processor that was manufactured and designed by Cyrix and later after merger manufactured by National Semiconductor, and was introduced in 1997.
Michael Shawn Malone (born January 21, 1954) is an American author, columnist, editor, investor, businessman, television producer, and has been the host of several shows on PBS.
Microcode is a computer hardware technique that imposes an interpreter between the CPU hardware and the programmer-visible instruction set architecture of the computer.
A microcomputer is a small, relatively inexpensive computer with a microprocessor as its central processing unit (CPU).
A microprocessor is a computer processor that incorporates the functions of a central processing unit on a single integrated circuit (IC), or at most a few integrated circuits.
Microsoft Corporation (abbreviated as MS) is an American multinational technology company with headquarters in Redmond, Washington.
Microsoft Windows is a group of several graphical operating system families, all of which are developed, marketed, and sold by Microsoft.
The MIL-STD-883 standard establishes uniform methods, controls, and procedures for testing microelectronic devices suitable for use within military and aerospace electronic systems including basic environmental tests to determine resistance to deleterious effects of natural elements and conditions surrounding military and space operations; mechanical and electrical tests; workmanship and training procedures; and such other controls and constraints as have been deemed necessary to ensure a uniform level of quality and reliability suitable to the intended applications of those devices.
MIPS (an acronym for Microprocessor without Interlocked Pipeline Stages) is a reduced instruction set computer (RISC) instruction set architecture (ISA)Price, Charles (September 1995).
MMX is a single instruction, multiple data (SIMD) instruction set designed by Intel, introduced in 1997 with its P5-based Pentium line of microprocessors, designated as "Pentium with MMX Technology".
MOSFET showing gate (G), body (B), source (S) and drain (D) terminals. The gate is separated from the body by an insulating layer (white). surface-mount packages. Operating as switches, each of these components can sustain a blocking voltage of 120nbspvolts in the ''off'' state, and can conduct a continuous current of 30 amperes in the ''on'' state, dissipating up to about 100 watts and controlling a load of over 2000 watts. A matchstick is pictured for scale. A cross-section through an nMOSFET when the gate voltage ''V''GS is below the threshold for making a conductive channel; there is little or no conduction between the terminals drain and source; the switch is off. When the gate is more positive, it attracts electrons, inducing an ''n''-type conductive channel in the substrate below the oxide, which allows electrons to flow between the ''n''-doped terminals; the switch is on. Simulation result for formation of inversion channel (electron density) and attainment of threshold voltage (IV) in a nanowire MOSFET. Note that the threshold voltage for this device lies around 0.45 V The metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET, MOS-FET, or MOS FET) is a type of field-effect transistor (FET), most commonly fabricated by the controlled oxidation of silicon.
A motherboard (sometimes alternatively known as the mainboard, system board, baseboard, planar board or logic board, or colloquially, a mobo) is the main printed circuit board (PCB) found in general purpose microcomputers and other expandable systems.
Motorola, Inc. was an American multinational telecommunications company founded on September 25, 1928, based in Schaumburg, Illinois.
Mubadala Investment Company PJSC (شركة مبادلة للتنمية) (Mubadala) is a state-owned holding company that can be characterized as a sovereign wealth fund.
A multi-chip module (MCM) is generically an electronic assembly (such as a package with a number of conductor terminals or "pins") where multiple integrated circuits (ICs or "chips"), semiconductor dies and/or other discrete components are integrated, usually onto a unifying substrate, so that in use it is treated as if it were a single component (as though a larger IC).
A multi-core processor is a single computing component with two or more independent processing units called cores, which read and execute program instructions.
Multi-monitor, also called multi-display and multi-head, is the use of multiple physical display devices, such as monitors, televisions, and projectors, in order to increase the area available for computer programs running on a single computer system.
A multinational corporation (MNC) or worldwide enterprise is a corporate organization that owns or controls production of goods or services in at least one country other than its home country.
National Semiconductor was an American semiconductor manufacturer which specialized in analog devices and subsystems, formerly with headquarters in Santa Clara, California, United States.
The New York Stock Exchange (abbreviated as NYSE, and nicknamed "The Big Board"), is an American stock exchange located at 11 Wall Street, Lower Manhattan, New York City, New York.
NexGen (Milpitas, California) was a private semiconductor company that designed x86 microprocessors until it was purchased by AMD in 1996.
Nintendo Co., Ltd. is a Japanese multinational consumer electronics and video game company headquartered in Kyoto.
A northbridge or host bridge is one of the two chips in the core logic chipset architecture on a PC motherboard, the other being the southbridge.
Nvidia Corporation (most commonly referred to as Nvidia, stylized as NVIDIA, or (due to their logo) nVIDIA) is an American technology company incorporated in Delaware and based in Santa Clara, California.
NVM Express (NVMe) or Non-Volatile Memory Host Controller Interface Specification (NVMHCIS) is an open logical device interface specification for accessing non-volatile storage media attached via a PCI Express (PCIe) bus.
OCZ is a brand of Toshiba that is used for some of its solid-state drives (SSDs).
The OLPC XO, previously known as the $100 Laptop, Children's Machine, and 2B1, is an inexpensive laptop computer intended to be distributed to children in developing countries around the world, to provide them with access to knowledge, and opportunities to "explore, experiment and express themselves" (constructionist learning).
One Laptop per Child (OLPC) is a non-profit initiative established with the goal of transforming education for children around the world; this goal was to be achieved by creating and distributing educational devices for the developing world, and by creating software and content for those devices.
Open architecture is a type of computer architecture or software architecture that is designed to make adding, upgrading and swapping components easy.
Open Platform Management Architecture (OPMA) is an open, royalty free standard for connecting a modular, platform hardware management subsystem (an "mCard") to a computer motherboard.
The open-source model is a decentralized software-development model that encourages open collaboration.
Open64 is a free, open source, optimizing compiler for the Itanium and x86-64 microprocessor architectures.
OpenSolaris is a discontinued, open source computer operating system based on Solaris created by Sun Microsystems.
Opteron is AMD's x86 former server and workstation processor line, and was the first processor which supported the AMD64 instruction set architecture (known generically as x86-64).
An Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) is a company that produces parts and equipment that may be marketed by another manufacturer.
Overclocking is configuration of computer hardware components to operate faster than certified by the original manufacturer, with "faster" specified as clock frequency in megahertz (MHz) or gigahertz (GHz).
Patriot Memory is an American designer and manufacturer of PC based USB flash drives, memory modules, solid state drives and gaming peripherals.
The Public Broadcasting Service (PBS) is an American public broadcaster and television program distributor.
PC Magazine (shortened as PCMag) is an American computer magazine published by Ziff Davis.
PCI Express (Peripheral Component Interconnect Express), officially abbreviated as PCIe or PCI-e, is a high-speed serial computer expansion bus standard, designed to replace the older PCI, PCI-X, and AGP bus standards.
Penang is a Malaysian state located on the northwest coast of Peninsular Malaysia, by the Malacca Strait.
Pentium is a brand used for a series of x86 architecture-compatible microprocessors produced by Intel since 1993.
The Pentium II brand refers to Intel's sixth-generation microarchitecture ("P6") and x86-compatible microprocessors introduced on May 7, 1997.
Phenom II is a family of AMD's multi-core 45 nm processors using the AMD K10 microarchitecture, succeeding the original Phenom.
AMD Piledriver Family 15h is a microarchitecture developed by AMD as the second-generation successor to Bulldozer.
The PlayStation 4 (PS4) is an eighth-generation home video game console developed by Sony Interactive Entertainment.
A portable media player (PMP) or digital audio player (DAP) is a portable consumer electronics device capable of storing and playing digital media such as audio, images, and video files.
AMD PowerNow! is AMD's dynamic frequency scaling and power saving technology for laptop processors.
In software engineering, profiling ("program profiling", "software profiling") is a form of dynamic program analysis that measures, for example, the space (memory) or time complexity of a program, the usage of particular instructions, or the frequency and duration of function calls.
Proprietary software is non-free computer software for which the software's publisher or another person retains intellectual property rights—usually copyright of the source code, but sometimes patent rights.
A public company, publicly traded company, publicly held company, publicly listed company, or public corporation is a corporation whose ownership is dispersed among the general public in many shares of stock which are freely traded on a stock exchange or in over the counter markets.
The Puma Family 16h is a low-power microarchitecture by AMD for its APUs.
Purch Group, Inc. formerly known as TechMediaNetworks, Inc.
Qualcomm is an American multinational semiconductor and telecommunications equipment company that designs and markets wireless telecommunications products and services.
Radeon is a brand of computer products, including graphics processing units, random-access memory, RAM disk software, and solid-state drives, produced by Radeon Technologies Group (formerly AMD Vision), a division of Advanced Micro Devices.
The Radeon R700 is the engineering codename for a graphics processing unit series developed by Advanced Micro Devices under the ATI brand name.
The Radeon HD 7000 Series, based on "Southern Islands", is further products series in the family of Radeon GPUs developed by AMD.
Radeon Instinct is AMD's brand of deep learning oriented GPUs.
Radeon Pro is AMD's brand of professional oriented GPUs.
Random-access memory (RAM) is a form of computer data storage that stores data and machine code currently being used.
A reduced instruction set computer, or RISC (pronounced 'risk'), is one whose instruction set architecture (ISA) allows it to have fewer cycles per instruction (CPI) than a complex instruction set computer (CISC).
Reverse engineering, also called back engineering, is the process by which a man-made object is deconstructed to reveal its designs, architecture, or to extract knowledge from the object; similar to scientific research, the only difference being that scientific research is about a natural phenomenon.
Robert Norton Noyce (December 12, 1927 – June 3, 1990), nicknamed "the Mayor of Silicon Valley," was an American physicist who co-founded Fairchild Semiconductor in 1957 and Intel Corporation in 1968.
Rory Read is currently EVP Chief Operating Executive, Dell and President and CEO of Virtustream.
Ryzen is a brand of central processing units (CPUs) and accelerated processing units (APUs) marketed and designed by AMD (Advanced Micro Devices).
The Standard & Poor's 500, often abbreviated as the S&P 500, or just the S&P, is an American stock market index based on the market capitalizations of 500 large companies having common stock listed on the NYSE or NASDAQ.
Samsung is a South Korean multinational conglomerate headquartered in Samsung Town, Seoul.
San Antonio (Spanish for "Saint Anthony"), officially the City of San Antonio, is the seventh most populous city in the United States and the second most populous city in both Texas and the Southern United States.
The San Francisco Chronicle is a newspaper serving primarily the San Francisco Bay Area of the U.S. state of California.
Santa Clara County, officially the County of Santa Clara, is California's 6th most populous county, with a population was 1,781,642, as of the 2010 census.
Santa Clara is a city in Santa Clara County, California.
A Schottky barrier, named after Walter H. Schottky, is a potential energy barrier for electrons formed at a metal–semiconductor junction.
SeaMicro, Inc. was a subsidiary of Advanced Micro Devices (AMD) that specialized in the ultra-dense computer server industry.
In the electronics industry, a second source is a company that is licensed to manufacture and sell components originally designed by another company (the first source).
A semiconductor material has an electrical conductivity value falling between that of a conductor – such as copper, gold etc.
In the microelectronics industry a semiconductor fabrication plant (commonly called a fab; sometimes foundry) is a factory where devices such as integrated circuits are manufactured.
The semiconductor industry is the aggregate collection of companies engaged in the design and fabrication of semiconductor devices.
Sempron has been the marketing name used by AMD for several different budget desktop CPUs, using several different technologies and CPU socket formats.
Serial ATA (SATA, abbreviated from Serial AT Attachment) is a computer bus interface that connects host bus adapters to mass storage devices such as hard disk drives, optical drives, and solid-state drives.
In computing, a server is a computer program or a device that provides functionality for other programs or devices, called "clients".
In digital circuits, a shift register is a cascade of flip flops, sharing the same clock, in which the output of each flip-flop is connected to the 'data' input of the next flip-flop in the chain, resulting in a circuit that shifts by one position the 'bit array' stored in it, 'shifting in' the data present at its input and 'shifting out' the last bit in the array, at each transition of the clock input.
Siemens AG is a German conglomerate company headquartered in Berlin and Munich and the largest industrial manufacturing company in Europe with branch offices abroad.
Silicon Integrated Systems (SiS) is a company that manufactures, among other things, motherboard chipsets.
Silicon on insulator (SOI) technology refers to the use of a layered silicon–insulator–silicon substrate in place of conventional silicon substrates in semiconductor manufacturing, especially microelectronics, to reduce parasitic device capacitance, thereby improving performance.
The Silicon Valley Historical Association (also known as the Santa Clara Valley Historical Association) is an organization that has interviewed notable figures in Silicon Valley since 1991 and produces documentaries, publishes books and keeps filmed history of notable figures in the technological industry.
Simultaneous multithreading (SMT) is a technique for improving the overall efficiency of superscalar CPUs with hardware multithreading.
Slot 1 refers to the physical and electrical specification for the connector used by some of Intel's microprocessors, including the Pentium Pro, Celeron, Pentium II and the Pentium III.
Slot A is the physical and electrical specification for a 242-lead single-edge-connector used by early versions of AMD's Athlon processor.
Socket 7 is a physical and electrical specification for an x86-style CPU socket on a personal computer motherboard.
Socket A (also known as Socket 462) is the CPU socket used for AMD processors ranging from the Athlon Thunderbird to the Athlon XP/MP 3200+, and AMD budget processors including the Duron and Sempron.
Socket AM2+ is a CPU socket, which is the immediate successor to Socket AM2 that is used by several AMD processors such as Athlon 64 X2.
Socket AM3 is a CPU socket for AMD processors.
Socket FM1 is a CPU socket for desktop computers used by AMD early A-series APUs ("Llano") processors and Llano-derived Athlon II processors.
A solid-state drive (SSD) is a solid-state storage device that uses integrated circuit assemblies as memory to store data persistently.
is a Japanese multinational conglomerate corporation headquartered in Kōnan, Minato, Tokyo.
Spansion Inc. was an American-based company that designed, developed, and manufactured flash memory, microcontrollers, mixed-signal and analog products, as well as system-on-chip (SoC) solutions.
Spectre is a vulnerability that affects modern microprocessors that perform branch prediction.
The SSE5 (short for Streaming SIMD Extensions version 5) was a SIMD instruction set extension proposed by AMD on 30 August 2007 as a supplement to the 128-bit SSE core instructions in the AMD64 architecture.
Stanford University (officially Leland Stanford Junior University, colloquially the Farm) is a private research university in Stanford, California.
Static random-access memory (static RAM or SRAM) is a type of semiconductor memory that uses bistable latching circuitry (flip-flop) to store each bit.
AMD Steamroller Family 15h is a microarchitecture developed by AMD for AMD APUs, which succeeded Piledriver in the beginning of 2014 as the third-generation Bulldozer-based microarchitecture.
The stock (also capital stock) of a corporation is constituted of the equity stock of its owners.
A subpoena (also subpœna) or witness summons is a writ issued by a government agency, most often a court, to compel testimony by a witness or production of evidence under a penalty for failure.
Sun Microsystems, Inc. was an American company that sold computers, computer components, software, and information technology services and created the Java programming language, the Solaris operating system, ZFS, the Network File System (NFS), and SPARC.
Sun xVM was a product line from Sun Microsystems that addressed virtualization technology on x86 platforms.
Sunnyvale is a city located in Santa Clara County, California.
A supercomputer is a computer with a high level of performance compared to a general-purpose computer.
Superman is a fictional superhero appearing in American comic books published by DC Comics.
The Supreme Court of California is the court of last resort in the courts of the State of California.
A system on a chip or system on chip (SoC) is an integrated circuit (also known as an "IC" or "chip") that integrates all components of a computer or other electronic systems.
In electronics design, tape-out or tapeout is the final result of the design process for integrated circuits or printed circuit boards before they are sent for manufacturing.
Telecommunication is the transmission of signs, signals, messages, words, writings, images and sounds or information of any nature by wire, radio, optical or other electromagnetic systems.
The telecommunications industry within the sector of information and communication technology is made up of all Telecommunications/telephone companies and internet service providers and plays the crucial role in the evolution of mobile communications and the information society.
TeraScale is the codename for a family of graphics processing unit microarchitectures developed by ATI Technologies/AMD and their second microarchitecture implementing the unified shader model following Xenos.
The Green Grid is a nonprofit, industry consortium of end-users, policy-makers, technology providers, facility architects, and utility companies collaborating to improve the resource efficiency of data centers.
The New Yorker is an American magazine of reportage, commentary, criticism, essays, fiction, satire, cartoons, and poetry.
The Wall Street Journal is a U.S. business-focused, English-language international daily newspaper based in New York City.
The thermal design power (TDP), sometimes called thermal design point, is the maximum amount of heat generated by a computer chip or component (often the CPU or GPU) that the cooling system in a computer is designed to dissipate under any workload.
Thunderbolt is the brand name of a hardware interface standard developed by Intel (in collaboration with Apple) that allows the connection of external peripherals to a computer.
TiVo Corporation (formerly Rovi Corporation and Macrovision Solutions Corporation) is an American technology company.
Tom's Hardware is an online publication owned by Purch Group and focused on technology.
, commonly known as Toshiba, is a Japanese multinational conglomerate headquartered in Tokyo, Japan.
Transition-minimized differential signaling (TMDS), a technology for transmitting high-speed serial data, is used by the DVI and HDMI video interfaces, as well as by other digital communication interfaces.
Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company, Limited (TSMC), also known as Taiwan Semiconductor, is the world's largest dedicated independent (pure-play) semiconductor foundry, with its headquarters and main operations located in the Hsinchu Science and Industrial Park in Hsinchu, Taiwan.
The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) is an independent agency of the United States federal government.
An ultra-mobile PC (ultra-mobile personal computer or UMPC) is a miniature version of a pen computer, a class of laptop whose specifications were launched by Microsoft and Intel in spring 2006.
In the field of 3D computer graphics, the Unified Shader Model (known in Direct3D 10 as "Shader Model 4.0") refers to a form of shader hardware in a graphical processing unit (GPU) where all of the shader stages in the rendering pipeline (geometry, vertex, pixel, etc.) have the same capabilities.
Unified Video Decoder (UVD), previously called Universal Video Decoder, is the name given to AMD's dedicated video decoding ASIC.
The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S.) or America, is a federal republic composed of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions.
United States antitrust law is a collection of federal and state government laws that regulates the conduct and organization of business corporations, generally to promote fair competition for the benefit of consumers.
The United States dollar (sign: $; code: USD; also abbreviated US$ and referred to as the dollar, U.S. dollar, or American dollar) is the official currency of the United States and its insular territories per the United States Constitution since 1792.
Very long instruction word (VLIW) refers to instruction set architectures designed to exploit instruction level parallelism (ILP).
VIA Technologies Inc., is a Taiwanese manufacturer of integrated circuits, mainly motherboard chipsets, CPUs, and memory.
Video Coding Engine (VCE, sometimes incorrectly referred to as Video Codec Engine) is AMD's video encoding ASIC implementing the video codec H.264/MPEG-4 AVC.
VESA (/ˈviːsə/), formally known as Video Electronics Standards Association, is a technical standards organization for computer display standards.
The watt (symbol: W) is a unit of power.
The Wii U is a home video game console developed by Nintendo, and the successor to the Wii.
A workstation is a special computer designed for technical or scientific applications.
The X.Org Foundation is a non-profit corporation chartered to research, develop, support, organize, administrate, standardize, promote, and defend a free and open accelerated graphics stack.
x86 is a family of backward-compatible instruction set architectures based on the Intel 8086 CPU and its Intel 8088 variant.
x86-64 (also known as x64, x86_64, AMD64 and Intel 64) is the 64-bit version of the x86 instruction set.
The Xbox 360 is a home video game console developed by Microsoft.
Xbox One is a line of eighth generation home video game consoles developed by Microsoft.
The Broadcom Xilleon video processor (previously branded as ATI Xilleon and later AMD Xilleon) is a SoC combining a MIPS 4Kc CPU with ASIC for accelerated video decoding, for use in set-top boxes and digital TVs, providing MPEG2 decoding and other functions for major worldwide broadcast networks (including PAL, NTSC, SECAM and ATSC).
The Radeon Xpress 200 is a computer chipset released by ATI.
The Xpress 3200 is a new revision of the Xpress 200 computer chipset released by ATI.
Zen is the codename for a computer processor microarchitecture from AMD, and was first used with their Ryzen series of CPUs in February 2017.
Zen+ is the codename for AMD's successor to the Zen, first released in April 2018.
Zilog, Inc. is an American manufacturer of 8-bit and 16-bit microcontrollers.
The Z8000 ("zee-eight-thousand") is a 16-bit microprocessor introduced by Zilog in early 1979, between the launch of the Intel 8086 (April 1978) and the Motorola 68000 (September 1979).
The 22 nanometer (22 nm) node is the process step following the 32 nm in CMOS semiconductor device fabrication.
The 32 nanometer (32 nm) node is the step following the 45 nanometer process in CMOS semiconductor device fabrication.
3DNow! is an extension to the x86 instruction set developed by Advanced Micro Devices (AMD).
A group of four bits is also called a nibble and has 24.
Per the International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors, the 45 nanometer (45 nm) technology node should refer to the average half-pitch of a memory cell manufactured at around the 2007–2008 time frame.
The 50x15 Initiative, launched by AMD in 2004 at the World Economic Forum, aims at providing accessible Internet and computers for 50 percent of the world's population by the year 2015.
In computer architecture, 64-bit computing is the use of processors that have datapath widths, integer size, and memory address widths of 64 bits (eight octets).
The 65-nanometer (65 nm) process is advanced lithographic node used in volume CMOS semiconductor fabrication.
The 90 nanometer (90 nm) process refers to the level of CMOS process technology that was reached in the 2004–2005 timeframe, by most leading semiconductor companies, like Intel, AMD, Infineon, Texas Instruments, IBM, and TSMC.
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