41 relations: Adjarian's law, Akan language, Armenian language, Diacritic, East Africa, Fante dialect, Faucalized voice, Formant, Front vowel, German language, Glottis, Harsh voice, International Phonetic Alphabet, Kabiye language, Kazakh language, Languages of Europe, Laryngoscopy, Larynx, Lip, Maasai language, Mongolian language, Murmured voice, Nasal vowel, Oghuz languages, Open vowel, Optical fiber, Pharyngealization, Pharynx, Phonation, Phonetics, Stop consonant, Tenseness, Togo, Tongue, Twi, Uvular consonant, Voice (phonetics), Voiced uvular stop, Vowel, Vowel harmony, West Africa.
Adjarian's law is a sound law for Armenian: in certain dialects, initial-syllable vowels are fronted after consonants and so reflect the inherited Proto-Indo-European (PIE) voiced aspirates.
Akan is a Central Tano language that is the principal native language of the Akan people of Ghana, spoken over much of the southern half of that country, by about 58% of the population, and among 30% of the population of Ivory Coast.
The Armenian language (reformed: հայերեն) is an Indo-European language spoken primarily by the Armenians.
A diacritic – also diacritical mark, diacritical point, diacritical sign, or an accent – is a glyph added to a letter, or basic glyph.
East Africa or Eastern Africa is the eastern region of the African continent, variably defined by geography.
Fantse (Mfantse, Fante, Fanti) is one of the three formal literary dialects of the Akan language.
Faucalized voice, also called hollow voiceTucker, A. N., & Bryan, M. A. (1966).
A formant, as defined by James Jeans, is a harmonic of a note that is augmented by a resonance.
A front vowel is any in a class of vowel sound used in some spoken languages, its defining characteristic being that the highest point of the tongue is positioned relatively in front in the mouth without creating a constriction that would make it a consonant.
German (Deutsch) is a West Germanic language that is mainly spoken in Central Europe.
The glottis is defined as the opening between the vocal folds (the rima glottidis).
Harsh voice, also called ventricular voice or (in some high-tone registers) pressed voice, is the production of speech sounds (typically vowels) with a constricted laryngeal cavity, which generally involves epiglottal co-articulation.
The International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) is an alphabetic system of phonetic notation based primarily on the Latin alphabet.
Kabiye (also rendered Kabiyé, Kabiyè, Kabye, Kabyé, Kabyè, Cabrais) is an Eastern Gurunsi Gur language spoken primarily in northern Togo.
Kazakh (natively italic, qazaq tili) belongs to the Kipchak branch of the Turkic languages.
Most languages of Europe belong to the Indo-European language family.
Laryngoscopy is endoscopy of the larynx, a part of the throat.
The larynx, commonly called the voice box, is an organ in the top of the neck of tetrapods involved in breathing, producing sound, and protecting the trachea against food aspiration.
Lips are a visible body part at the mouth of humans and many animals.
Maasai (Masai) or Maa (autonym: ɔl Maa) is an Eastern Nilotic language spoken in Southern Kenya and Northern Tanzania by the Maasai people, numbering about 800,000.
The Mongolian language (in Mongolian script: Moŋɣol kele; in Mongolian Cyrillic: монгол хэл, mongol khel.) is the official language of Mongolia and both the most widely-spoken and best-known member of the Mongolic language family.
Murmur (also called breathy voice, whispery voice, soughing and susurration) is a phonation in which the vocal folds vibrate, as they do in normal (modal) voicing, but are adjusted to let more air escape which produces a sighing-like sound.
A nasal vowel is a vowel that is produced with a lowering of the velum so that air escapes both through the nose as well as the mouth, such as the French vowel.
The Oghuz languages are a sub-branch of the Turkic language family, spoken by approximately 110 million people.
An open vowel is a vowel sound in which the tongue is positioned as far as possible from the roof of the mouth.
An optical fiber or optical fibre is a flexible, transparent fiber made by drawing glass (silica) or plastic to a diameter slightly thicker than that of a human hair.
Pharyngealization is a secondary articulation of consonants or vowels by which the pharynx or epiglottis is constricted during the articulation of the sound.
The pharynx (plural: pharynges) is the part of the throat that is behind the mouth and nasal cavity and above the esophagus and the larynx, or the tubes going down to the stomach and the lungs.
The term phonation has slightly different meanings depending on the subfield of phonetics.
Phonetics (pronounced) is the branch of linguistics that studies the sounds of human speech, or—in the case of sign languages—the equivalent aspects of sign.
In phonetics, a stop, also known as a plosive or oral occlusive, is a consonant in which the vocal tract is blocked so that all airflow ceases.
In phonology, tenseness or tensing is, most broadly, the pronunciation of a sound with greater muscular effort or constriction than is typical.
Togo, officially the Togolese Republic (République Togolaise), is a sovereign state in West Africa bordered by Ghana to the west, Benin to the east and Burkina Faso to the north.
The tongue is a muscular organ in the mouth of most vertebrates that manipulates food for mastication, and is used in the act of swallowing.
Twi (pronounced, or Akan Kasa) is a dialect of the Akan language spoken in southern and central Ghana by about 6–9 million Ashanti people as a first and second language.
Uvulars are consonants articulated with the back of the tongue against or near the uvula, that is, further back in the mouth than velar consonants.
Voice is a term used in phonetics and phonology to characterize speech sounds (usually consonants).
The voiced uvular stop or voiced uvular plosive is a type of consonantal sound, used in some spoken languages.
A vowel is one of the two principal classes of speech sound, the other being a consonant.
Vowel harmony is a type of long-distance assimilatory phonological process involving vowels that occurs in some languages.
West Africa, also called Western Africa and the West of Africa, is the westernmost region of Africa.