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Index Aesculus

The genus Aesculus, with varieties called buckeye and horse chestnut, comprises 13–19 species of flowering plants in the soapberry and lychee family Sapindaceae. [1]

46 relations: Aceraceae, Aescin, Aesculin, Aesculus × carnea, Aesculus californica, Aesculus chinensis, Aesculus flava, Aesculus glabra, Aesculus hippocastanum, Aesculus indica, Aesculus parviflora, Aesculus pavia, Aesculus sylvatica, Aesculus turbinata, Aesculus wangii, Alkaloid, Arcto-Tertiary Geoflora, Billia, Capsule (fruit), Carl Linnaeus, Conkers, Dipteronia, Flowering plant, Genus, Glucoside, Growing degree-day, Hippocastanaceae, Hybrid (biology), International Commission on Stratigraphy, Jōmon period, Kiev, Lychee, Maple, Native plant, Nut (fruit), Parboiling, Petal, Reims Cathedral, Sapindaceae, Sapindus, Saponin, Shrub, Temperate climate, Tertiary, Tree, William Henry Harrison.


Aceraceae were recognized as a family of flowering plants also called the maple family.

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Aescin or escin is a mixture of saponins with anti-inflammatory, vasoconstrictor and vasoprotective effects found in Aesculus hippocastanum (the horse chestnut).

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Aesculin, also rendered Æsculin or Esculin, is a coumarin glucoside that naturally occurs in the horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum), California buckeye (Aesculus californica), prickly box (Bursaria spinosa) and in daphnin (the dark green resin of Daphne mezereum).

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Aesculus × carnea

Aesculus × carnea, or red horse-chestnut, is an artificial hybrid between A. pavia (red buckeye) and A. hippocastanum (horse-chestnut).

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Aesculus californica

Aesculus californica, commonly known as the California buckeye or California horse-chestnut, is a species of buckeye native to California and southwestern Oregon.

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Aesculus chinensis

Aesculus chinensis, the Chinese horse chestnut (Chinese:七叶树 qi ye shu), is a tree species in the genus Aesculus found in eastern Asia.

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Aesculus flava

Aesculus flava, the yellow buckeye, common buckeye, or sweet buckeye, is a species of deciduous tree.

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Aesculus glabra

The tree species Aesculus glabra is commonly known as Ohio buckeye, American buckeye, or fetid buckeye.

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Aesculus hippocastanum

Aesculus hippocastanum is a species of flowering plant in the soapberry and lychee family Sapindaceae.

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Aesculus indica

Aesculus indica, commonly known as the Indian horse-chestnut or Himalayan horse chestnut, is a species of deciduous broad-leaved tree in the family Sapindaceae.

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Aesculus parviflora

Aesculus parviflora, the bottlebrush buckeye, is a species of suckering deciduous shrub in the Sapindaceae family.

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Aesculus pavia

Aesculus pavia, known as red buckeye or firecracker plant, is a species of deciduous flowering plant.

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Aesculus sylvatica

Aesculus sylvatica, the painted buckeye, is a species of shrub.

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Aesculus turbinata

Aesculus turbinata, common name Japanese horse-chestnut, is native to Japan but cultivated elsewhere.

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Aesculus wangii

Aesculus wangii is a species of tree in the family Sapindaceae.

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Alkaloids are a class of naturally occurring chemical compounds that mostly contain basic nitrogen atoms.

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Arcto-Tertiary Geoflora

The Arcto-Tertiary Geoflora is a hypothesized floral assemblage that once covered the Northern Hemisphere, from roughly the late Mesozoic to mid Cenozoic Eras.

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Billia is a genus of trees in the Sapindaceae family and native to the Americas, from central Mexico to Ecuador.

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Capsule (fruit)

In botany a capsule is a type of simple, dry, though rarely fleshy dehiscent fruit produced by many species of angiosperms (flowering plants).

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Carl Linnaeus

Carl Linnaeus (23 May 1707 – 10 January 1778), also known after his ennoblement as Carl von LinnéBlunt (2004), p. 171.

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Conkers is a traditional children's game in Britain and Ireland played using the seeds of horse chestnut trees—the name 'conker' is also applied to the seed and to the tree itself.

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Dipteronia is a genus of two living and one extinct species, regarded in the soapberry family Sapindaceae sensu lato after Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG I 1998, APG II 2003) and more recently (Harrington et al. 2005))or traditionally by several authors in Aceraceae, related to the maples. They are deciduous flowering shrubs or small trees, reaching 10–15 m tall. The leaf arrangement is opposite and pinnate. The inflorescences are paniculate, terminal or axillary. The flowers have five sepals and petals; staminate flowers have eight stamens, and bisexual flowers have a two-celled ovary. The fruit is a rounded samara containing two compressed nutlets, flat, encircled by a broad wing which turns from light green to red with ripening. There are only two living species, Dipteronia sinensis and Dipteronia dyeriana; both are endemic to mainland China. Dipteronia dyeriana is listed by the as being a "Red List" threatened species. Dipteronia browni is an extinct species from the early Eocene Klondike Mountain Formation of Washington, and is also known from early Eocene sites in British Columbia Canada such as Driftwood Canyon Provincial Park and the McAbee Fossil Beds. The name Dipteronia stems from the Greek "di-" (two, both) & "pteron" (wings), from the winged fruits with wings on both sides of the seed.

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Flowering plant

The flowering plants, also known as angiosperms, Angiospermae or Magnoliophyta, are the most diverse group of land plants, with 416 families, approximately 13,164 known genera and c. 295,383 known species.

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A genus (genera) is a taxonomic rank used in the biological classification of living and fossil organisms, as well as viruses, in biology.

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A glucoside is a glycoside that is derived from glucose.

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Growing degree-day

Growing degree days (GDD), also called growing degree units (GDUs), are a heuristic tool in phenology.

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230px Hippocastanaceae is the name given to a small group of trees and shrubs, when this group is treated as a family.

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Hybrid (biology)

In biology, a hybrid, or crossbreed, is the result of combining the qualities of two organisms of different breeds, varieties, species or genera through sexual reproduction.

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International Commission on Stratigraphy

The International Commission on Stratigraphy (ICS), sometimes referred to by the unofficial name "International Stratigraphic Commission" is a daughter or major subcommittee grade scientific daughter organization that concerns itself with stratigraphy, geological, and geochronological matters on a global scale.

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Jōmon period

The is the time in Japanese prehistory, traditionally dated between 14,000–300 BCE, recently refined to about 1000 BCE, during which Japan was inhabited by a hunter-gatherer culture, which reached a considerable degree of sedentism and cultural complexity.

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Kiev or Kyiv (Kyiv; Kiyev; Kyjev) is the capital and largest city of Ukraine, located in the north central part of the country on the Dnieper.

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Lychee (variously spelled litchi, liechee, liche, lizhi or li zhi, or lichee) (Litchi chinensis) is the sole member of the genus Litchi in the soapberry family, Sapindaceae.

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Acer is a genus of trees or shrubs commonly known as maple.

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Native plant

Native plants are plants indigenous to a given area in geologic time.

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Nut (fruit)

A nut is a fruit composed of an inedible hard shell and a seed, which is generally edible.

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Parboiling (or leaching) is the partial boiling of food as the first step in cooking.

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Petals are modified leaves that surround the reproductive parts of flowers.

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Reims Cathedral

Reims Cathedral (Our Lady of Reims, Notre-Dame de Reims) is a Roman Catholic church in Reims, France, built in the High Gothic style.

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The Sapindaceae are a family of flowering plants in the order Sapindales known as the soapberry family.

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Sapindus is a genus of about five to twelve species of shrubs and small trees in the Lychee family, Sapindaceae, native to warm temperate to tropical regions in both the Old World and New World.

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Saponins are a class of chemical compounds found in particular abundance in various plant species.

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A shrub or bush is a small to medium-sized woody plant.

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Temperate climate

In geography, the temperate or tepid climates of Earth occur in the middle latitudes, which span between the tropics and the polar regions of Earth.

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Tertiary is the former term for the geologic period from 65 million to 2.58 million years ago, a timespan that occurs between the superseded Secondary period and the Quaternary.

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In botany, a tree is a perennial plant with an elongated stem, or trunk, supporting branches and leaves in most species.

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William Henry Harrison

William Henry Harrison Sr. (February 9, 1773 – April 4, 1841) was an American military officer, a principal contributor in the War of 1812, and the ninth President of the United States (1841).

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Redirects here:

Aesculus species, Aesculus × dupontii, Buckeye (tree), Buckeye tree, Buckeye wood, Damask Horsechestnut, Horse Chestnut, Horse chestnut, Horse chestnut (tree), Horse chestnut tree, Horse chestnuts, Horse-chestnut (tree), Horse-chestnut tree, Horsechestnut, Red Chestnut, Red chestnut.


[1] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aesculus

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