79 relations: Affect (psychology), Affective forecasting, Anchoring, Autonomy, Behavior, Behavioral economics, Bias, Capital punishment, Choice, Cognitive bias, Collapse of compassion, Communication, Consumer, Daniel Gilbert (psychologist), Daniel Kahneman, Decision-making, Disposable and discretionary income, Duration neglect, Economics, Emotion, Empathy gap, Ethics, Expected utility hypothesis, Fading affect bias, Framing (social sciences), George Loewenstein, Happiness, Happiness economics, Harm, Health, Health care, Hedonic treadmill, Heuristics in judgment and decision-making, Impact bias, Intrinsic and extrinsic properties, Jury, Law, Life satisfaction, List of cognitive biases, List of memory biases, Loss aversion, Mediation (statistics), Medical ethics, Memory, Mental representation, Mindfulness, Paternalism, Patient, Peak–end rule, Philosophy, ..., Physician, Point of view (philosophy), Policy, Preference, Prospect theory, Psychology, Quality of life, Radionuclide, Randomness, Rational choice theory, Rationality, Region-beta paradox, Schema (psychology), Self-fulfilling prophecy, Sensation (psychology), Sexual harassment, Social, SurveyMonkey, The Atlantic, Time, Timothy Wilson, Tort, Treadmill, Utility, Valence (psychology), Victim blaming, Welfare, Welfare economics, Well-being. Expand index (29 more) » « Shrink index
Affect is a concept used in psychology to describe the experience of feeling or emotion.
Affective forecasting (also known as hedonic forecasting, or the hedonic forecasting mechanism) is the prediction of one's affect (emotional state) in the future.
Anchoring or focalism is a cognitive bias that describes the tendency for an individual to rely too heavily on an initial piece of information offered (known as the "anchor") when making decisions.
In development or moral, political, and bioethical philosophy, autonomy is the capacity to make an informed, un-coerced decision.
Behavior (American English) or behaviour (Commonwealth English) is the range of actions and mannerisms made by individuals, organisms, systems, or artificial entities in conjunction with themselves or their environment, which includes the other systems or organisms around as well as the (inanimate) physical environment.
Behavioral economics studies the effects of psychological, cognitive, emotional, cultural and social factors on the economic decisions of individuals and institutions and how those decisions vary from those implied by classical theory.
Bias is disproportionate weight in favour of or against one thing, person, or group compared with another, usually in a way considered to be unfair.
Capital punishment, also known as the death penalty, is a government-sanctioned practice whereby a person is put to death by the state as a punishment for a crime.
Choice involves decision making.
A cognitive bias is a systematic pattern of deviation from norm or rationality in judgment.
The collapse of compassion is a psychological theory termed as the human tendency to turn away from mass suffering.
Communication (from Latin commūnicāre, meaning "to share") is the act of conveying intended meanings from one entity or group to another through the use of mutually understood signs and semiotic rules.
A consumer is a person or organization that use economic services or commodities.
Daniel Todd Gilbert (born November 5, 1957) is an American social psychologist and writer.
Daniel Kahneman (דניאל כהנמן; born March 5, 1934) is an Israeli-American psychologist notable for his work on the psychology of judgment and decision-making, as well as behavioral economics, for which he was awarded the 2002 Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences (shared with Vernon L. Smith).
In psychology, decision-making (also spelled decision making and decisionmaking) is regarded as the cognitive process resulting in the selection of a belief or a course of action among several alternative possibilities.
Disposable income is total personal income minus personal current taxes.
Duration neglect is the psychological observation that people's judgments of the unpleasantness of painful experiences depend very little on the duration of those experiences.
Economics is the social science that studies the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services.
Emotion is any conscious experience characterized by intense mental activity and a certain degree of pleasure or displeasure.
A hot-cold empathy gap is a cognitive bias in which people underestimate the influences of visceral drives on their own attitudes, preferences, and behaviors.
Ethics or moral philosophy is a branch of philosophy that involves systematizing, defending, and recommending concepts of right and wrong conduct.
In economics, game theory, and decision theory the expected utility hypothesis, concerning people's preferences with regard to choices that have uncertain outcomes (gambles), states that if specific axioms are satisfied, the subjective value associated with an individual's gamble is the statistical expectation of that individual's valuations of the outcomes of that gamble.
The fading affect bias, more commonly known as FAB, is a psychological phenomenon in which information regarding negative emotions tends to be forgotten more quickly than that associated with pleasant emotions.
In the social sciences, framing comprises a set of concepts and theoretical perspectives on how individuals, groups, and societies, organize, perceive, and communicate about reality.
George Freud Loewenstein (born August 9, 1955) is an American educator and economist.
In psychology, happiness is a mental or emotional state of well-being which can be defined by positive or pleasant emotions ranging from contentment to intense joy.
The economics of happiness or happiness economics is the quantitative and theoretical study of happiness, positive and negative affect, well-being, quality of life, life satisfaction and related concepts, typically combining economics with other fields such as psychology, health and sociology.
Harm is a moral and legal concept.
Health is the ability of a biological system to acquire, convert, allocate, distribute, and utilize energy with maximum efficiency.
Health care or healthcare is the maintenance or improvement of health via the prevention, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, illness, injury, and other physical and mental impairments in human beings.
The hedonic treadmill, also known as hedonic adaptation, is the observed tendency of humans to quickly return to a relatively stable level of happiness despite major positive or negative events or life changes.
In psychology, heuristics are simple, efficient rules which people often use to form judgments and make decisions.
In the psychology of affective forecasting, the impact bias, a form of which is the durability bias, is the tendency for people to overestimate the length or the intensity of future feeling states.
An intrinsic property is a property of a system or of a material itself or within.
A jury is a sworn body of people convened to render an impartial verdict (a finding of fact on a question) officially submitted to them by a court, or to set a penalty or judgment.
Law is a system of rules that are created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate behavior.
Life satisfaction is the way in which people show their emotions and feelings (moods) and how they feel about their directions and options for the future.
Cognitive biases are systematic patterns of deviation from norm or rationality in judgment, and are often studied in psychology and behavioral economics.
In psychology and cognitive science, a memory bias is a cognitive bias that either enhances or impairs the recall of a memory (either the chances that the memory will be recalled at all, or the amount of time it takes for it to be recalled, or both), or that alters the content of a reported memory.
In cognitive psychology and decision theory, loss aversion refers to people's tendency to prefer avoiding losses to acquiring equivalent gains: it is better to not lose $5 than to find $5.
In statistics, a mediation model is one that seeks to identify and explain the mechanism or process that underlies an observed relationship between an independent variable and a dependent variable via the inclusion of a third hypothetical variable, known as a mediator variable (also a mediating variable, intermediary variable, or intervening variable).
Medical ethics is a system of moral principles that apply values to the practice of clinical medicine and in scientific research.
Memory is the faculty of the mind by which information is encoded, stored, and retrieved.
A mental representation (or cognitive representation), in philosophy of mind, cognitive psychology, neuroscience, and cognitive science, is a hypothetical internal cognitive symbol that represents external reality, or else a mental process that makes use of such a symbol: "a formal system for making explicit certain entities or types of information, together with a specification of how the system does this".
Mindfulness is the psychological process of bringing one's attention to experiences occurring in the present moment,Mindfulness Training as a Clinical Intervention: A Conceptual and Empirical Review, by Ruth A. Baer, available at http://www.wisebrain.org/papers/MindfulnessPsyTx.pdf which can be developed through the practice of meditation and other training.
Paternalism is action limiting a person's or group's liberty or autonomy which is intended to promote their own good.
A patient is any recipient of health care services.
The peak–end rule is a psychological heuristic in which people judge an experience largely based on how they felt at its peak (i.e., its most intense point) and at its end, rather than based on the total sum or average of every moment of the experience.
Philosophy (from Greek φιλοσοφία, philosophia, literally "love of wisdom") is the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.
A physician, medical practitioner, medical doctor, or simply doctor is a professional who practises medicine, which is concerned with promoting, maintaining, or restoring health through the study, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, injury, and other physical and mental impairments.
In philosophy, a point of view is a specified or stated manner of consideration, an attitude how one sees or thinks of something, as in "from my personal point of view".
A policy is a deliberate system of principles to guide decisions and achieve rational outcomes.
A preference is a technical term in psychology, economics and philosophy usually used in relation to choosing between alternatives; someone has a preference for A over B if they would choose A rather than B.
Prospect theory is a behavioral economic theory that describes the way people choose between probabilistic alternatives that involve risk, where the probabilities of outcomes are known (.
Psychology is the science of behavior and mind, including conscious and unconscious phenomena, as well as feeling and thought.
Quality of life (QOL) is the general well-being of individuals and societies, outlining negative and positive features of life.
A radionuclide (radioactive nuclide, radioisotope or radioactive isotope) is an atom that has excess nuclear energy, making it unstable.
Randomness is the lack of pattern or predictability in events.
Rational choice theory, also known as choice theory or rational action theory, is a framework for understanding and often formally modeling social and economic behavior.
Rationality is the quality or state of being rational – that is, being based on or agreeable to reason.
The region-beta paradox denotes the phenomenon that people can sometimes recover more quickly from more intense emotions or pain than from less distressing experiences.
In psychology and cognitive science, a schema (plural schemata or schemas) describes a pattern of thought or behavior that organizes categories of information and the relationships among them.
A self-fulfilling prophecy is a prediction that directly or indirectly causes itself to become true, by the very terms of the prophecy itself, due to positive feedback between belief and behavior.
Sensation is the body's detection of external or internal stimulation (e.g., eyes detecting light waves, ears detecting sound waves).
Sexual harassment is bullying or coercion of a sexual nature, or the unwelcome or inappropriate promise of rewards in exchange for sexual favors.
Living organisms including humans are social when they live collectively in interacting populations, whether they are aware of it, and whether the interaction is voluntary or involuntary.
SurveyMonkey is an online survey development cloud-based software as a service company, founded in 1999 by Ryan Finley.
The Atlantic is an American magazine and multi-platform publisher, founded in 1857 as The Atlantic Monthly in Boston, Massachusetts.
Time is the indefinite continued progress of existence and events that occur in apparently irreversible succession from the past through the present to the future.
Timothy D. Wilson is an American social psychologist and writer.
A tort, in common law jurisdictions, is a civil wrong that causes a claimant to suffer loss or harm resulting in legal liability for the person who commits the tortious act.
A treadmill is a device generally for walking or running or climbing while staying in the same place.
Within economics the concept of utility is used to model worth or value, but its usage has evolved significantly over time.
Valence, as used in psychology, especially in discussing emotions, means the intrinsic attractiveness/"good"-ness (positive valence) or averseness/"bad"-ness (negative valence) of an event, object, or situation.
Victim blaming occurs when the victim of a crime or any wrongful act is held entirely or partially at fault for the harm that befell them.
Welfare is a government support for the citizens and residents of society.
Welfare economics is a branch of economics that uses microeconomic techniques to evaluate well-being (welfare) at the aggregate (economy-wide) level.
Well-being, wellbeing, or wellness is a general term for the condition of an individual or group.