136 relations: Africa, African diaspora, African philosophy, African Renaissance, African-American culture, African-American studies, American Civil War, Ancient Egypt, Anti-Europeanism, Archaeology, Aristotle, Asa Grant Hilliard III, Asiacentrism, Athens, Ohio, Bernardo Ortiz de Montellano, Bible, Black Athena, Black church, Black nationalism, Black orientalism, Black people, Black supremacy, Book of Exodus, Cain Hope Felder, Chancellor Williams, Cheikh Anta Diop, Chicago, Christianity, Civil rights movement, Colonialism, Color blindness (race), Creolization, Critical race theory, Critical theory, Culture of Asia, Culture war, Diaspora, Dravidian people, Drusilla Dunjee Houston, Dynastic race theory, Egypt, Egyptian hieroglyphs, Encyclopedia Africana, Ethnic group, Ethnocentrism, Eurocentrism, George G. M. James, Gerald Early, Henry Louis Gates Jr., Howard University, ..., Identity politics, Imam, Indigenous peoples, Islam, Ivan Van Sertima, Jacob Carruthers, Jesus, Joel Augustus Rogers, John Henrik Clarke, Judaism, Kenneth Dike, Kenya Literature Bureau, Kerma culture, Kwame Anthony Appiah, Kwanzaa, Lanham, Maryland, Library of Alexandria, List of ethnic groups of Africa, Malaysia, Manning Marable, Marcus Garvey, Marimba Ani, Martin Bernal, Mary Lefkowitz, Maulana Karenga, Melville J. Herskovits, Meroë, Mesoamerica, Mexico, Missionary, Molefi Kete Asante, Multiculturalism, Mythology, Nathan Glazer, Négritude, Near East, Negrito, New Testament, Nubia, Nuwaubian Nation, Ohio University Press, Olmecs, Pan-Africanism, Pathology, Paulo Freire, Philippines, Philosophy, Phoenicia, Pseudohistory, Race and appearance of Jesus, Race and ethnicity in the United States, Reconstruction era, Reverse discrimination, Robert Todd Carroll, Runoko Rashidi, SAGE Publications, Sahara, Self-determination, Slavery, Southern United States, Stanley Crouch, Temple University, Thailand, Théophile Obenga, The American Historical Review, The New York Times, The Skeptic's Dictionary, Theology, Therapy, Thousand Oaks, California, Trans-cultural diffusion, UNESCO, University of California, Davis, University of Ibadan, University of Liverpool, University Press of America, US Organization, Verso Books, W. E. B. Du Bois, Wellesley College, White privilege, Wilson Jeremiah Moses, Xia dynasty, Yaacov Shavit, Yosef Ben-Jochannan, Zahi Hawass. Expand index (86 more) » « Shrink index
Africa is the world's second largest and second most-populous continent (behind Asia in both categories).
The African diaspora consists of the worldwide collection of communities descended from Africa's peoples, predominantly in the Americas.
African philosophy is philosophy produced by African people, philosophy that presents African worldviews, or philosophy that uses distinct African philosophical methods.
The African Renaissance is the concept that African people and nations shall overcome the current challenges confronting the continent and achieve cultural, scientific, and economic renewal.
African-American culture, also known as Black-American culture, refers to the contributions of African Americans to the culture of the United States, either as part of or distinct from mainstream American culture.
African-American studies is an interdisciplinary academic field devoted to the study of the history, culture, and politics of Black Americans.
The American Civil War (also known by other names) was a war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865.
Ancient Egypt was a civilization of ancient Northeastern Africa, concentrated along the lower reaches of the Nile River - geographically Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt, in the place that is now occupied by the countries of Egypt and Sudan.
Anti-Europeanism and Europhobia are political terms used in a variety of contexts, implying sentiment or policies in opposition to "Europe".
Archaeology, or archeology, is the study of humanactivity through the recovery and analysis of material culture.
Aristotle (Ἀριστοτέλης Aristotélēs,; 384–322 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher and scientist born in the city of Stagira, Chalkidiki, in the north of Classical Greece.
Asa G. Hilliard III (August 22, 1933 – August 13, 2007), also known as Nana Baffour Amankwatia II, was an African-American professor of educational psychology who worked on indigenous ancient African history (ancient Egyptian), culture, education and society.
Asiacentrism, Asiocentrism, or Asiacentricity is an ethnocentric perspective that regards Asia to be either superior, central, or unique relative to other regions.
Athens is a city in and the county seat of Athens County, Ohio, United States.
Bernardo Ortiz de Montellano (b. Mexico City, January 3, 1899 – Mexico City, April 13, 1949) was a modern Mexican poet, literary critic, editor, and teacher.
The Bible (from Koine Greek τὰ βιβλία, tà biblía, "the books") is a collection of sacred texts or scriptures that Jews and Christians consider to be a product of divine inspiration and a record of the relationship between God and humans.
Black Athena: The Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilization, its three volumes first published in 1987, 1991, and 2006 respectively, is a scholarly work by Martin Bernal.
The term black church or African-American church refers to Protestant churches that currently or historically have ministered to predominantly black congregations in the United States.
Black nationalism is a type of nationalism which espouses the belief that black people are a nation and seeks to develop and maintain a black identity.
Black orientalism is an intellectual and cultural movement found primarily within African-American circles.
Black people is a term used in certain countries, often in socially based systems of racial classification or of ethnicity, to describe persons who are perceived to be dark-skinned compared to other populations.
Black supremacy or black supremacism is a racial supremacist belief which maintains that black people are superior to people of other races.
The Book of Exodus or, simply, Exodus (from ἔξοδος, éxodos, meaning "going out"; וְאֵלֶּה שְׁמוֹת, we'elleh shəmōṯ, "These are the names", the beginning words of the text: "These are the names of the sons of Israel" וְאֵלֶּה שְׁמֹות בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל), is the second book of the Torah and the Hebrew Bible (the Old Testament) immediately following Genesis.
Cain Hope Felder is professor of New Testament language and literature and editor of The Journal of Religious Thought at the Howard University School of Divinity.
Chancellor Williams (December 22, 1893 – December 7, 1992) was an African-American sociologist, historian and writer.
Cheikh Anta Diop (29 December 1923 – 7 February 1986) was a Senegalese historian, anthropologist, physicist, and politician who studied the human race's origins and pre-colonial African culture.
Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the third most populous city in the United States, after New York City and Los Angeles.
ChristianityFrom Ancient Greek Χριστός Khristós (Latinized as Christus), translating Hebrew מָשִׁיחַ, Māšîăḥ, meaning "the anointed one", with the Latin suffixes -ian and -itas.
The civil rights movement (also known as the African-American civil rights movement, American civil rights movement and other terms) was a decades-long movement with the goal of securing legal rights for African Americans that other Americans already held.
Colonialism is the policy of a polity seeking to extend or retain its authority over other people or territories, generally with the aim of developing or exploiting them to the benefit of the colonizing country and of helping the colonies modernize in terms defined by the colonizers, especially in economics, religion and health.
Color blindness, in sociology, is a concept describing the ideal of a society where racial classifications do not limit a person's opportunities, as well as the kind of deliberately race-neutral governmental policies said to promote the goal of racial equality.
Creolization is the process in which Creole cultures emerge in the New World.
Critical race theory (CRT) is a theoretical framework in the social sciences that uses critical theory to examine society and culture as they relate to categorizations of race, law, and power.
Critical theory is a school of thought that stresses the reflective assessment and critique of society and culture by applying knowledge from the social sciences and the humanities.
The culture of Asia encompasses the collective and diverse customs and traditions of art, architecture, music, literature, lifestyle, philosophy, politics and religion that have been practiced and maintained by the numerous ethnic groups of the continent of Asia since prehistory.
The culture war or culture conflict adopts different meanings depending on the time and place where it is used (as it relates to conflicts relevant to a specific area and era).
A diaspora (/daɪˈæspərə/) is a scattered population whose origin lies in a separate geographic locale.
Dravidians are native speakers of any of the Dravidian languages.
Drusilla Dunjee Houston (née Drusilla Dunjee; January 20, 1876 - February 8, 1941) was an American writer, historian, educator, journalist, musician, and screenwriter from West Virginia.
The dynastic race theory was the earliest thesis to attempt to explain how predynastic Egypt developed into the sophisticated monarchy of Dynastic Egypt.
Egypt (مِصر, مَصر, Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a transcontinental country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula.
Egyptian hieroglyphs were the formal writing system used in Ancient Egypt.
Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African-American Experience edited by Henry Louis Gates and Anthony Appiah (Basic Civitas Books 1999, 2nd ed. Oxford University Press, 2005) is a compendium of Africana studies including African studies and the "Pan-African diaspora" inspired by W. E. B. Du Bois' project of an Encyclopedia Africana.
An ethnic group, or an ethnicity, is a category of people who identify with each other based on similarities such as common ancestry, language, history, society, culture or nation.
Ethnocentrism is judging another culture solely by the values and standards of one's own culture.
Eurocentrism (also Western-centrism) is a worldview centered on and biased towards Western civilization.
Gerald Lyn Early (born April 21, 1952) is an American essayist and American culture critic.
Henry Louis "Skip" Gates Jr. (born September 16, 1950) is an American literary critic, teacher, historian, filmmaker and public intellectual who currently serves as the Alphonse Fletcher University Professor and Director of the Hutchins Center for African and African American Research at Harvard University.
Howard University (HU or simply Howard) is a federally chartered, private, coeducational, nonsectarian, historically black university (HBCU) in Washington, D.C. It is categorized by the Carnegie Foundation as a research university with higher research activity and is accredited by the Middle States Commission on Higher Education.
Identity politics refers to political positions based on the interests and perspectives of social groups with which people identify.
Imam (إمام; plural: أئمة) is an Islamic leadership position.
Indigenous peoples, also known as first peoples, aboriginal peoples or native peoples, are ethnic groups who are the pre-colonial original inhabitants of a given region, in contrast to groups that have settled, occupied or colonized the area more recently.
IslamThere are ten pronunciations of Islam in English, differing in whether the first or second syllable has the stress, whether the s is or, and whether the a is pronounced, or (when the stress is on the first syllable) (Merriam Webster).
Ivan Gladstone Van Sertima (26 January 1935 – 25 May 2009) was a Guyanese-born associate professor of Africana Studies at Rutgers University in the United States.
Mzee Jedi Shemsu Jehewty also known as Jacob Hudson Carruthers, Jr. (February 15, 1930 in Dallas, Texas – January 4, 2004 in Chicago) was an African-centered historian, and educator.
Jesus, also referred to as Jesus of Nazareth and Jesus Christ, was a first-century Jewish preacher and religious leader.
Joel Augustus Rogers (September 6, 1880 – March 26, 1966) was a Jamaican-American author, journalist, and historian who contributed to the history of Africa and the African diaspora.
John Henrik Clarke (born John Henry Clark, January 1, 1915 – July 12, 1998), was an American historian, professor, and a pioneer in the creation of Pan-African and Africana studies, and professional institutions in academia starting in the late 1960s.
Judaism (originally from Hebrew, Yehudah, "Judah"; via Latin and Greek) is the religion of the Jewish people.
Kenneth Onwuka Dike (17 December 1917 – 26 October 1983) was an Igbo Nigerian historian and the first Nigerian Vice-Chancellor of the nation's premier college, the University of Ibadan.
The Kenya Literature Bureau (KLB) is a publishing house and state corporation in Kenya founded in 1947.
The Kerma culture or Kerma kingdom was an early civilization centered in Kerma, Sudan.
Kwame Akroma-Ampim Kusi Anthony Appiah (born May 8, 1954) is a British-born Ghanaian-American philosopher, cultural theorist, and novelist whose interests include political and moral theory, the philosophy of language and mind, and African intellectual history.
Kwanzaa is a celebration held in the United States and in other nations of the African diaspora in the Americas and lasts a week.
Lanham is an unincorporated community and census-designated place in Prince George's County, Maryland.
The Royal Library of Alexandria or Ancient Library of Alexandria in Alexandria, Egypt, was one of the largest and most significant libraries of the ancient world.
The ethnic groups of Africa number in the thousands, with each population generally having its own language (or dialect of a language) and culture.
Malaysia is a federal constitutional monarchy in Southeast Asia.
William Manning Marable (May 13, 1950 – April 1, 2011) was an American professor of public affairs, history and African-American Studies at Columbia University.
Marcus Mosiah Garvey Jr. ONH (17 August 188710 June 1940) was a proponent of Black nationalism in the United States and most importantly Jamaica.
Marimba Ani (born Dona Richards) is an anthropologist and African Studies scholar best known for her work Yurugu, a comprehensive critique of European thought and culture, and her coining of the term "Maafa" for the African holocaust.
Martin Gardiner Bernal (10 March 1937 – 9 June 2013) was a British scholar of modern Chinese political history.
Mary R. Lefkowitz (born April 30, 1935) is an American classical scholar and Professor Emerita of Classical Studies at Wellesley College.
Maulana Ndabezitha Karenga, previously known as Ron Karenga, (born July 14, 1941) is an African-American professor of Africana studies, activist and author, best known as the creator of the pan-African and African-American holiday of Kwanzaa.
Melville Jean Herskovits (September 10, 1895 – February 25, 1963) was an American anthropologist who helped establish African and African-American studies in American academia.
Meroë (also spelled Meroe; Meroitic: Medewi or Bedewi; Arabic: مرواه and مروى Meruwi; Ancient Greek: Μερόη, Meróē) is an ancient city on the east bank of the Nile about 6 km north-east of the Kabushiya station near Shendi, Sudan, approximately 200 km north-east of Khartoum.
Mesoamerica is an important historical region and cultural area in the Americas, extending from approximately central Mexico through Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, and northern Costa Rica, and within which pre-Columbian societies flourished before the Spanish colonization of the Americas in the 15th and 16th centuries.
Mexico (México; Mēxihco), officially called the United Mexican States (Estados Unidos Mexicanos) is a federal republic in the southern portion of North America.
A missionary is a member of a religious group sent into an area to proselytize and/or perform ministries of service, such as education, literacy, social justice, health care, and economic development.
Molefi Kete Asante (born Arthur Lee Smith Jr.; August 14, 1942) is an African-American professor.
Multiculturalism is a term with a range of meanings in the contexts of sociology, political philosophy, and in colloquial use.
Mythology refers variously to the collected myths of a group of people or to the study of such myths.
Négritude is a framework of critique and literary theory, developed mainly by francophone intellectuals, writers, and politicians of the African diaspora during the 1930s.
The Near East is a geographical term that roughly encompasses Western Asia.
The Negrito are several different ethnic groups who inhabit isolated parts of South and Southeast Asia.
The New Testament (Ἡ Καινὴ Διαθήκη, trans. Hē Kainḕ Diathḗkē; Novum Testamentum) is the second part of the Christian biblical canon, the first part being the Old Testament, based on the Hebrew Bible.
Nubia is a region along the Nile river encompassing the area between Aswan in southern Egypt and Khartoum in central Sudan.
The Nuwaubian Nation or Nuwaubian movement is a religious cult founded and led by Dwight York.
Ohio University Press (OUP), founded in 1947, is the largest scholarly press in the state of Ohio.
The Olmecs were the earliest known major civilization in Mexico following a progressive development in Soconusco.
Pan-Africanism is a worldwide intellectual movement that aims to encourage and strengthen bonds of solidarity between all people of African descent.
Pathology (from the Ancient Greek roots of pathos (πάθος), meaning "experience" or "suffering" and -logia (-λογία), "study of") is a significant field in modern medical diagnosis and medical research, concerned mainly with the causal study of disease, whether caused by pathogens or non-infectious physiological disorder.
Paulo Reglus Neves Freire (September 19, 1921 – May 2, 1997) was a Brazilian educator and philosopher who was a leading advocate of critical pedagogy.
The Philippines (Pilipinas or Filipinas), officially the Republic of the Philippines (Republika ng Pilipinas), is a unitary sovereign and archipelagic country in Southeast Asia.
Philosophy (from Greek φιλοσοφία, philosophia, literally "love of wisdom") is the study of general and fundamental problems concerning matters such as existence, knowledge, values, reason, mind, and language.
Phoenicia (or; from the Φοινίκη, meaning "purple country") was a thalassocratic ancient Semitic civilization that originated in the Eastern Mediterranean and in the west of the Fertile Crescent.
Pseudohistory is a form of pseudoscholarship that attempts to distort or misrepresent the historical record, often using methods resembling those used in legitimate historical research.
The race and appearance of Jesus has been a topic of discussion since the days of early Christianity.
The United States of America has a racially and ethnically diverse population.
The Reconstruction era was the period from 1863 (the Presidential Proclamation of December 8, 1863) to 1877.
Reverse discrimination is discrimination against members of a dominant or majority group, in favor of members of a minority or historically disadvantaged group.
Robert Todd Carroll (May 18, 1945 – August 25, 2016) was an American writer and academic.
Runoko Rashidi (born 1954) is an American historian, essayist, author and public lecturer based in Los Angeles, California, and Paris, France.
SAGE Publishing is an independent publishing company founded in 1965 in New York by Sara Miller McCune and now based in California.
The Sahara (الصحراء الكبرى,, 'the Great Desert') is the largest hot desert and the third largest desert in the world after Antarctica and the Arctic.
The right of people to self-determination is a cardinal principle in modern international law (commonly regarded as a jus cogens rule), binding, as such, on the United Nations as authoritative interpretation of the Charter's norms.
Slavery is any system in which principles of property law are applied to people, allowing individuals to own, buy and sell other individuals, as a de jure form of property.
The Southern United States, also known as the American South, Dixie, Dixieland, or simply the South, is a region of the United States of America.
Stanley Lawrence Crouch (born December 14, 1945) is an American poet, music and cultural critic, syndicated columnist, novelist and biographer, perhaps best known for his jazz criticism and his 2000 novel Don't the Moon Look Lonesome?.
Temple University (Temple or TU) is a state-related research university located in the Cecil B. Moore neighborhood of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States.
Thailand, officially the Kingdom of Thailand and formerly known as Siam, is a unitary state at the center of the Southeast Asian Indochinese peninsula composed of 76 provinces.
Théophile Obenga (born 1936) is an Egyptologist originally from Brazzaville, French Equatorial Africa, who is professor emeritus in the Africana Studies Center at San Francisco State University.
The American Historical Review is the official publication of the American Historical Association.
The New York Times (sometimes abbreviated as The NYT or The Times) is an American newspaper based in New York City with worldwide influence and readership.
The Skeptic's Dictionary is a collection of cross-referenced skeptical essays by Robert Todd Carroll, published on his website skepdic.com and in a printed book.
Theology is the critical study of the nature of the divine.
Therapy (often abbreviated tx, Tx, or Tx) is the attempted remediation of a health problem, usually following a diagnosis.
Thousand Oaks is the second-largest city in Ventura County, California, United States.
In cultural anthropology and cultural geography, cultural diffusion, as conceptualized by Leo Frobenius in his 1897/98 publication Der westafrikanische Kulturkreis, is the spread of cultural items—such as ideas, styles, religions, technologies, languages—between individuals, whether within a single culture or from one culture to another.
The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO; Organisation des Nations unies pour l'éducation, la science et la culture) is a specialized agency of the United Nations (UN) based in Paris.
The University of California, Davis (also referred to as UCD, UC Davis, or Davis), is a public research university and land-grant university as well as one of the 10 campuses of the University of California (UC) system.
The University of Ibadan (UI) is the oldest Nigerian university, and is located five miles (8 kilometres) from the centre of the major city of Ibadan in Western Nigeria.
The University of Liverpool is a public university based in the city of Liverpool, England.
University Press of America is an academic publisher based in the United States.
US Organization, or Organization Us, is a Black nationalist group in the United States founded in 1965.
Verso Books (formerly New Left Books) is a publishing house based in London and New York City, founded in 1970 by the staff of New Left Review.
William Edward Burghardt "W.
Wellesley College is a private women's liberal arts college located west of Boston in the town of Wellesley, Massachusetts, United States.
White privilege (or white skin privilege) is the societal privilege that benefits people whom society identifies as white in some countries, beyond what is commonly experienced by non-white people under the same social, political, or economic circumstances.
Wilson Jeremiah Moses (born 1942) is an African-American historian.
The Xia dynasty is the legendary, possibly apocryphal first dynasty in traditional Chinese history.
Yaacov Shavit is a professor at the Department of Jewish History, Tel Aviv University.
Yosef Alfredo Antonio Ben-Jochannan (December 31, 1918 – March 19, 2015), referred to by his admirers as "Dr.
Zahi Hawass (زاهي حواس; born May 28, 1947) is an Egyptian archaeologist, an Egyptologist, and former Minister of State for Antiquities Affairs.
African-centered, Africentric, Africentrism, Afrocentric, Afrocentric Egyptology, Afrocentric historiography, Afrocentric views on race, Afrocentricism, Afrocentricities, Afrocentricity, Afrocentrics, Afrocentrism and Ancient Egypt, Afrocentrist, Afrocentrist Egyptology, Afrocentrists, Criticisms of Afrocentrism, Radical Afrocentric Historiography.