78 relations: Agaricaceae, Agaricales, Agaricomycetes, Agaricus, Agaricus campestris, Agaricus xanthodermus, Agaritine, Annulus (mycology), B vitamins, Baguette, Basidiomycota, Basidium, Botanical name, Carcinogen, Cultivar, Cystidium, Danes, Destroying angel, Edible mushroom, Entoloma sinuatum, Ergocalciferol, Eruca sativa, Europe, Feta, Food energy, Fungiculture, Fungus, Grassland, Gyromitrin, Heterothallism, Homothallism, Hong Kong, Hydrazine, Jakob Emanuel Lange, John Wiley & Sons, Joseph Pitton de Tournefort, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, Lamella (mycology), List of Agaricus species, Loam, Los Angeles Times, Manure, Mediterranean Sea, Mineral (nutrient), Mojave Desert, Mordecai Cubitt Cooke, Moss, Mushroom, Mushroom hunting, Mycelium, ..., Mycologia, Mycology, Nausea, New York City, Niacin, North America, Olivier de Serres, Orange (fruit), Pantothenic acid, Pasteur Institute, Pennsylvania, Phenol, Phosphorus, Pileus (mycology), Red Delicious, Reference Daily Intake, Riboflavin, Saronno, Species, Spore print, Spruce, Stipe (mycology), Taxonomy (biology), The Chinese University Press, Ultraviolet, Variety (botany), Vitamin D, Volva (mycology). Expand index (28 more) » « Shrink index
The Agaricaceae are a family of basidiomycete fungi and include the genus Agaricus, as well as basidiomycetes previously classified in the families Tulostomataceae, Lepiotaceae, and Lycoperdaceae.
The fungal order Agaricales, also known as gilled mushrooms (for their distinctive gills) or euagarics, contains some of the most familiar types of mushrooms.
The Agaricomycetes are a class of fungi in the division Basidiomycota.
Agaricus is a genus of mushrooms containing both edible and poisonous species, with possibly over 300 members worldwide.
Agaricus campestris is a widely eaten gilled mushroom closely related to the cultivated button mushroom Agaricus bisporus.
Agaricus xanthodermus, commonly known as the yellow-staining mushroom or simply the yellow-stainer, is a mushroom of the genus Agaricus, which displays a strong yellow colouration at the base of the stem when cut.
Agaritine (AGT) is an aromatic, antiviral, hydrazine-derivative mycotoxin and IARC Group 3 carcinogen that occurs in mushroom species of the genus Agaricus.
An annulus is the ring-like structure sometimes found on the stipe of some species of mushrooms.
B vitamins are a class of water-soluble vitamins that play important roles in cell metabolism.
A baguette is a long, thin loaf of French bread that is commonly made from basic lean dough (the dough, though not the shape, is defined by French law).
Basidiomycota is one of two large divisions that, together with the Ascomycota, constitute the subkingdom Dikarya (often referred to as the "higher fungi") within the kingdom Fungi.
Schematic showing a basidiomycete mushroom, gill structure, and spore-bearing basidia on the gill margins. A basidium (pl., basidia) is a microscopic sporangium (or spore-producing structure) found on the hymenophore of fruiting bodies of basidiomycete fungi which are also called tertiary mycellium, developed from secondary mycellium.
A botanical name is a formal scientific name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN) and, if it concerns a plant cultigen, the additional cultivar or Group epithets must conform to the International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants (ICNCP).
A carcinogen is any substance, radionuclide, or radiation that promotes carcinogenesis, the formation of cancer.
The term cultivarCultivar has two denominations as explained in Formal definition.
A cystidium (plural cystidia) is a relatively large cell found on the sporocarp of a basidiomycete (for example, on the surface of a mushroom gill), often between clusters of basidia.
Danes (danskere) are a nation and a Germanic ethnic group native to Denmark, who speak Danish and share the common Danish culture.
The name destroying angel applies to several similar, closely related species of deadly all-white mushrooms in the genus Amanita.
Edible mushrooms are the fleshy and edible fruit bodies of several species of macrofungi (fungi which bear fruiting structures that are large enough to be seen with the naked eye).
Entoloma sinuatum (commonly known as the livid entoloma, livid agaric, livid pinkgill, leaden entoloma, and lead poisoner) is a poisonous mushroom found across Europe and North America.
Ergocalciferol, also known as vitamin D2 and calciferol, is a type of vitamin D found in food and used as a dietary supplement.
Arugula or rocket (Eruca sativa; syns. E. vesicaria subsp. sativa (Miller) Thell., Brassica eruca L.) is an edible annual plant in the Brassicaceae family used as a leaf vegetable for its fresh peppery flavor.
Europe is a continent located entirely in the Northern Hemisphere and mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere.
Feta (φέτα, féta, "slice") is a brined curd white cheese made in Greece from sheep's milk or from a mixture of sheep and goat's milk.
Food energy is chemical energy that animals (including humans) derive from food through the process of cellular respiration.
Fungiculture is the process of producing food, medicine, and other products by the cultivation of mushrooms and other fungi.
A fungus (plural: fungi or funguses) is any member of the group of eukaryotic organisms that includes microorganisms such as yeasts and molds, as well as the more familiar mushrooms.
Grasslands are areas where the vegetation is dominated by grasses (Poaceae); however, sedge (Cyperaceae) and rush (Juncaceae) families can also be found along with variable proportions of legumes, like clover, and other herbs.
Gyromitrin is a toxin and carcinogen present in several members of the fungal genus Gyromitra, like G. esculenta.
Heterothallic species have sexes that reside in different individuals.
Homothallic refers to the possession, within a single organism, of the resources to reproduce sexually; i.e., having male and female reproductive structures on the same thallus.
Hong Kong (Chinese: 香港), officially the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, is an autonomous territory of China on the eastern side of the Pearl River estuary in East Asia.
Hydrazine is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula (also written), called diamidogen, archaically.
Jakob Emanuel Lange (2 April 1864 – 27 December 1941), was a Danish mycologist who studied the systematics of gilled mushrooms.
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., also referred to as Wiley, is a global publishing company that specializes in academic publishing.
Joseph Pitton de Tournefort (5 June 1656 – 28 December 1708) was a French botanist, notable as the first to make a clear definition of the concept of genus for plants.
The Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry is a weekly peer-reviewed scientific journal established in 1953 by the American Chemical Society.
A lamella, or gill, is a papery hymenophore rib under the cap of some mushroom species, most often but not always agarics.
The fungal genus Agaricus contains about 200 species worldwide.
Loam is soil composed mostly of sand (particle size > 63 µm), silt (particle size > 2 µm), and a smaller amount of clay (particle size These proportions can vary to a degree, however, and result in different types of loam soils: sandy loam, silty loam, clay loam, sandy clay loam, silty clay loam, and loam. In the USDA textural classification triangle, the only soil that is not predominantly sand, silt, or clay is called "loam". Loam soils generally contain more nutrients, moisture, and humus than sandy soils, have better drainage and infiltration of water and air than silt and clay-rich soils, and are easier to till than clay soils. The different types of loam soils each have slightly different characteristics, with some draining liquids more efficiently than others. The soil's texture, especially its ability to retain nutrients and water are crucial. Loam soil is suitable for growing most plant varieties. Bricks made of loam, mud, sand, and water, with an added binding material such as rice husks or straw, have been used in construction since ancient times.
The Los Angeles Times is a daily newspaper which has been published in Los Angeles, California since 1881.
Manure is organic matter, mostly derived from animal feces except in the case of green manure, which can be used as organic fertilizer in agriculture.
The Mediterranean Sea is a sea connected to the Atlantic Ocean, surrounded by the Mediterranean Basin and almost completely enclosed by land: on the north by Southern Europe and Anatolia, on the south by North Africa and on the east by the Levant.
In the context of nutrition, a mineral is a chemical element required as an essential nutrient by organisms to perform functions necessary for life.
The Mojave Desert is an arid rain-shadow desert and the driest desert in North America.
Mordecai Cubitt Cooke (12 July 1825 in Horning12 November 1914 in Southsea, Hants) was an English botanist and mycologist.
Mosses are small flowerless plants that typically grow in dense green clumps or mats, often in damp or shady locations.
A mushroom, or toadstool, is the fleshy, spore-bearing fruiting body of a fungus, typically produced above ground on soil or on its food source.
Mushroom hunting, Houby hunting, mushrooming, mushroom picking, mushroom foraging, and similar terms describe the activity of gathering mushrooms in the wild, typically for food.
Fungal mycelium Mycelium is the vegetative part of a fungus or fungus-like bacterial colony, consisting of a mass of branching, thread-like hyphae.
Mycologia is a peer-reviewed scientific journal that publishes papers on all aspects of the fungi, including lichens.
Mycology is the branch of biology concerned with the study of fungi, including their genetic and biochemical properties, their taxonomy and their use to humans as a source for tinder, medicine, food, and entheogens, as well as their dangers, such as toxicity or infection.
Nausea or queasiness is an unpleasant sense of unease, discomfort, and revulsion towards food.
The City of New York, often called New York City (NYC) or simply New York, is the most populous city in the United States.
Niacin, also known as nicotinic acid, is an organic compound and a form of vitamin B3, an essential human nutrient.
North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere; it is also considered by some to be a northern subcontinent of the Americas.
Olivier de Serres (1539–1619) was a French author and soil scientist whose Théâtre d'Agriculture (1600) was the accepted textbook of French agriculture in the 17th century.
The orange is the fruit of the citrus species ''Citrus'' × ''sinensis'' in the family Rutaceae.
Pantothenic acid, also called vitamin B5 (a B vitamin), is a water-soluble vitamin.
The Pasteur Institute (Institut Pasteur) is a French non-profit private foundation dedicated to the study of biology, micro-organisms, diseases, and vaccines.
Pennsylvania (Pennsylvania German: Pennsylvaani or Pennsilfaani), officially the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, is a state located in the northeastern and Mid-Atlantic regions of the United States.
Phenol, also known as phenolic acid, is an aromatic organic compound with the molecular formula C6H5OH.
Phosphorus is a chemical element with symbol P and atomic number 15.
The pileus is the technical name for the cap, or cap-like part, of a basidiocarp or ascocarp (fungal fruiting body) that supports a spore-bearing surface, the hymenium.
The Red Delicious is a clone of apple cultigen, now comprising more than 50 cultivars, recognized in Madison County, Iowa, in 1880.
The Reference Daily Intake (RDI) is the daily intake level of a nutrient that is considered to be sufficient to meet the requirements of 97–98% of healthy individuals in every demographic in the United States.
Riboflavin, also known as vitamin B2, is a vitamin found in food and used as a dietary supplement.
Saronno is a comune of Lombardy, Italy, in the province of Varese.
In biology, a species is the basic unit of classification and a taxonomic rank, as well as a unit of biodiversity, but it has proven difficult to find a satisfactory definition.
Making a spore print of the mushroom ''Volvariella volvacea'' shown in composite: (photo lower half) mushroom cap laid on white and dark paper; (photo upper half) cap removed after 24 hours showing pinkish-tan spore print. A 3.5-centimeter glass slide placed in middle allows for examination of spore characteristics under a microscope. A printable chart to make a spore print and start identification The spore print is the powdery deposit obtained by allowing spores of a fungal fruit body to fall onto a surface underneath.
A spruce is a tree of the genus Picea, a genus of about 35 species of coniferous evergreen trees in the family Pinaceae, found in the northern temperate and boreal (taiga) regions of the Earth.
In mycology, a stipe is the stem or stalk-like feature supporting the cap of a mushroom.
Taxonomy is the science of defining and naming groups of biological organisms on the basis of shared characteristics.
The Chinese University Press (中文大學出版社) is the university press of the Chinese University of Hong Kong.
Ultraviolet (UV) is electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 10 nm to 400 nm, shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.
In botanical nomenclature, variety (abbreviated var.; in varietas) is a taxonomic rank below that of species and subspecies but above that of form.
Vitamin D is a group of fat-soluble secosteroids responsible for increasing intestinal absorption of calcium, magnesium, and phosphate, and multiple other biological effects.
In mycology, a volva is a cup-like structure at the base of a mushroom that is a remnant of the universal veil, or the remains of the peridium that encloses the immature fruit bodies of gasteroid fungi.
Agaricus brunnescens, Baby portabella, Baby portobella, Baby portobello, Brown cap, Brown cap mushroom, Buttom mushroom, Button mushroom, Button mushrooms, Champignon, Champignon de Paris, Champigon, Chestnut mushroom, Commercial mushroom, Common mushroom, Cremini, Cremini mushroom, Creminis, Crimini, Crimini mushroom, Portabella, Portabella mushroom, Portabellini, Portabello mushroom, Portobella, Portobellini, Portobello mushroom, Portobello mushrooms, Salad mushroom, Swiss Brown, Table mushroom, White button mushroom, White mushroom.